Data tables, 2016 Census

Mother Tongue (269), Knowledge of Official Languages (5) and Sex (3) for the Population Excluding Institutional Residents of Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Divisions, Census Subdivisions and Dissemination Areas, 2016 Census - 100% Data The letter C inside a yellow triangle - correction

Data table

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This table details mother tongue , knowledge of official languages and sex for the population excluding institutional residents in Quebec / Québec
Data quality
Mother tongue (269) Knowledge of official languages (5)
Total - Knowledge of official languages English only French only English and French Neither English nor French
Total - Mother tongueFootnote 1 8,066,560 372,450 4,032,635 3,586,410 75,060
Single responses 7,881,650 359,615 3,991,975 3,455,770 74,290
Official languages 6,820,815 185,260 3,717,735 2,916,310 1,515
English 601,155 183,155 3,965 413,575 465
French 6,219,665 2,105 3,713,770 2,502,730 1,050
Non-official languages 1,060,835 174,360 274,240 539,455 72,780
Aboriginal languages 45,570 19,890 13,785 8,185 3,710
Algonquian languages 33,140 12,575 13,340 5,480 1,750
Blackfoot 5 5 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 31,430 11,975 12,845 4,890 1,725
Atikamekw 6,150 0 5,390 305 450
Montagnais (Innu) 8,715 100 7,395 840 380
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 595 410 10 130 40
Northern East Cree 135 80 0 50 5
Plains Cree 5 5 0 0 5
Southern East Cree 35 15 0 15 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 0 0 5
Woods Cree 10 5 0 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 15,790 11,350 50 3,535 850
Eastern Algonquian languages 485 360 5 110 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 485 360 5 110 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 1,215 235 490 465 20
Algonquin 1,185 220 480 460 20
Ojibway 25 10 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 0
Athabaskan languages 15 5 5 10 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 0 5 5 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 5 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 10 0 0 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 10 0 5 5 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 11,970 6,970 400 2,650 1,955
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 11,890 6,925 390 2,630 1,950
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 75 40 10 20 5
Iroquoian languages 375 315 15 40 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 365 315 15 40 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 5 0 0 0 0
Comox 5 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 5 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 5 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 65 25 30 5 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,015,265 154,465 260,455 531,275 69,070
Afro-Asiatic languages 197,535 14,485 72,975 99,890 10,190
Berber languages 20,845 80 12,530 7,665 560
Kabyle 12,465 45 7,765 4,290 370
Berber languages, n.i.e. 8,375 35 4,765 3,375 200
Cushitic languages 1,125 110 340 600 75
Bilen 15 0 0 10 0
Oromo 15 5 5 5 0
Somali 1,075 90 325 575 75
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 30 5 10 5 0
Semitic languages 175,210 14,260 59,965 91,460 9,530
Amharic 745 265 25 435 15
Arabic 169,890 12,555 59,770 88,245 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 150 35 15 70 30
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 20 0 5 10 0
Harari 5 0 0 5 0
Hebrew 3,885 1,230 105 2,435 115
Maltese 25 10 0 10 0
Tigrigna 385 140 20 205 20
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 110 25 15 45 25
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 355 40 135 165 20
Austro-Asiatic languages 36,305 3,840 9,480 18,400 4,585
Khmer (Cambodian) 8,855 605 3,035 4,005 1,215
Vietnamese 27,430 3,240 6,435 14,390 3,365
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 25 5 10 10 0
Austronesian languages 21,635 14,425 690 6,300 215
Bikol 115 80 0 40 5
Cebuano 885 595 10 275 5
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 410 290 0 115 5
Ilocano 2,060 1,675 0 350 30
Malagasy 1,250 0 580 655 15
Malay 705 295 20 375 20
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 205 160 0 45 0
Pangasinan 95 80 0 10 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 15,540 11,060 30 4,320 135
Waray-Waray 50 30 0 15 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 320 165 55 100 5
Creole languages 56,990 260 34,965 20,080 1,680
Haitian Creole 2,220 10 1,310 845 65
Creole, n.o.s. 53,785 195 33,565 18,410 1,620
Creole languages, n.i.e. 980 65 95 825 0
Dravidian languages 14,860 7,410 445 5,660 1,355
Kannada 240 180 0 55 10
Malayalam 440 305 10 115 10
Tamil 13,595 6,495 435 5,345 1,315
Telugu 570 425 0 135 20
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 0 10 0
Hmong-Mien languages 25 5 5 10 0
Indo-European languages 553,045 78,450 114,000 326,040 34,560
Albanian 2,790 285 845 1,430 235
Armenian 16,435 2,015 1,170 11,885 1,360
Balto-Slavic languages 68,160 12,515 12,400 39,885 3,350
Baltic languages 855 275 15 545 15
Latvian 295 110 5 175 10
Lithuanian 555 165 10 370 5
Slavic languages 67,305 12,245 12,385 39,340 3,340
Belarusan 80 15 15 50 0
Bosnian 1,620 95 770 665 85
Bulgarian 6,985 580 1,440 4,730 235
Croatian 2,330 570 270 1,435 55
Czech 1,470 400 115 940 15
Macedonian 200 35 20 145 10
Polish 13,940 3,240 1,405 8,895 395
Russian 28,565 4,990 6,165 15,315 2,095
Serbian 3,140 465 660 1,875 140
Serbo-Croatian 1,805 130 600 1,005 75
Slovak 1,045 285 80 660 10
Slovene (Slovenian) 755 330 20 405 5
Ukrainian 5,205 1,065 795 3,135 215
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 175 50 30 95 5
Celtic languages 155 35 40 80 0
Scottish Gaelic 25 5 0 15 0
Welsh 40 15 5 20 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 95 10 35 50 0
Germanic languages 27,540 9,170 1,175 15,425 1,780
Afrikaans 125 70 5 50 0
Danish 395 165 5 225 5
Dutch 2,825 590 110 2,110 10
Frisian 10 5 0 5 0
German 13,670 3,650 885 9,025 105
Icelandic 60 25 0 30 5
Norwegian 200 75 0 120 0
Swedish 555 185 15 355 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 540 20 95 425 0
Yiddish 8,985 4,380 20 2,930 1,655
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 175 0 30 140 5
Greek 38,640 11,655 515 23,080 3,395
Indo-Iranian languages 76,040 29,570 5,745 33,070 7,655
Indo-Aryan languages 45,845 21,935 1,565 17,640 4,695
Bengali 11,000 5,200 310 4,645 845
Gujarati 6,070 2,940 140 2,270 715
Hindi 3,025 1,875 30 1,010 110
Kashmiri 15 15 0 5 0
Konkani 115 60 20 30 0
Marathi 255 175 0 80 5
Nepali 1,500 150 470 435 455
Oriya (Odia) 35 25 0 5 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 12,385 6,220 230 4,210 1,710
Sindhi 325 110 20 190 5
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 645 375 0 255 15
Urdu 10,470 4,790 345 4,505 830
Iranian languages 29,760 7,520 4,100 15,250 2,895
Kurdish 985 185 295 360 140
Pashto 1,285 425 120 525 215
Persian (Farsi) 27,490 6,910 3,680 14,360 2,540
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 435 115 80 180 60
Italic (Romance) languages 323,290 13,205 92,115 201,185 16,780
Catalan 315 25 60 225 0
Italian 104,600 4,210 15,730 79,365 5,295
Portuguese 36,770 1,995 10,640 22,300 1,840
Romanian 35,840 950 9,170 24,385 1,335
Spanish 145,635 6,025 56,490 74,820 8,300
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 125 5 30 80 5
Japanese 2,525 1,015 180 1,220 105
Kartvelian languages 170 50 20 90 10
Georgian 175 50 20 95 10
Korean 5,155 2,380 200 2,060 515
Mongolic languages 190 50 40 90 15
Mongolian 190 50 35 85 15
Niger-Congo languages 28,355 1,405 14,075 12,065 800
Akan (Twi) 1,050 510 15 510 10
Bamanankan 1,200 5 715 470 15
Edo 75 40 5 30 5
Ewe 730 25 360 340 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 2,050 0 1,160 840 45
Ga 80 40 0 40 0
Ganda 35 20 0 15 0
Igbo 120 80 0 40 5
Lingala 2,470 10 1,635 805 10
Rundi (Kirundi) 3,345 20 1,560 1,580 175
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 2,500 60 850 1,535 60
Shona 80 40 0 35 0
Swahili 3,010 165 1,580 1,105 160
Wolof 3,235 20 1,595 1,545 75
Yoruba 260 100 45 100 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 8,135 265 4,545 3,080 240
Nilo-Saharan languages 340 15 185 120 20
Dinka 5 0 0 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 335 15 185 115 25
Sign languages 1,335 55 545 190 545
American Sign Language 65 25 5 15 20
Quebec Sign Language 670 5 370 120 175
Sign languages, n.i.e 600 25 170 55 350
Sino-Tibetan languages 76,840 26,765 7,830 29,170 13,070
Chinese languages 76,490 26,660 7,790 29,045 12,995
Cantonese 24,380 6,605 2,025 10,070 5,680
Hakka 470 90 50 210 115
Mandarin 43,700 17,535 4,575 15,785 5,800
Min Dong 20 10 0 10 5
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 3,225 560 570 1,455 635
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,075 400 80 355 235
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,535 1,420 480 1,135 505
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 90 35 5 25 15
Tibeto-Burman languages 345 110 45 125 75
Burmese 80 40 5 25 10
Karenic languages 70 5 20 5 45
Tibetan 110 35 10 60 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 90 30 15 25 10
Tai-Kadai languages 4,895 395 1,675 2,455 370
Lao 4,115 140 1,575 2,075 320
Thai 770 255 100 370 40
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 5 0 0 5
Turkic languages 7,980 1,405 2,390 3,380 800
Azerbaijani 290 75 25 175 20
Turkish 7,155 1,235 2,245 2,935 740
Uyghur 205 45 35 95 25
Uzbek 145 20 30 90 10
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 185 35 45 90 10
Uralic languages 6,400 1,990 465 3,755 185
Estonian 195 85 5 110 0
Finnish 365 145 10 205 5
Hungarian 5,835 1,765 450 3,435 180
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 685 60 285 295 45
Multiple responses 184,910 12,830 40,660 130,640 775
English and French 72,395 1,120 3,910 67,290 70
English and non-official language 27,490 11,090 280 15,950 170
French and non-official language 67,075 245 35,645 30,760 420
English, French and non-official language 17,950 375 820 16,640 110

Symbol(s)

Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period

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Symbol ...

not applicable

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Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

x

Symbol F

too unreliable to be published

F

Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

n.i.e. = not included elsewhere
n.o.s. = not otherwise specified

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016055.

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