Data tables, 2016 Census

Low-income Measures (2), Household Low-income Status (5) and Household Type(5) for Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Divisions and Census Subdivisions, 2016 Census - 100% Data

Data table

Select data categories for this table


This table details low-income measures , household low-income status and household type for private households in Division No. 11
Data quality
Household type (5) Household low-income status (5)
Total - Household low-income statusFootnote 2 Low-income status - not applicableFootnote 3 Low-income status - applicable In low income Not in low income
Total - Household typeFootnote 4 282,115 0 282,115 50,245 231,870
One-person households 84,710 0 84,705 24,000 60,705
Households of two or more persons 197,410 0 197,405 26,240 171,165
One-census-family households without additional persons 164,370 0 164,365 20,255 144,115
Other households of two or more personsFootnote 5 33,045 0 33,040 5,990 27,050

Symbol(s)

Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period

..

Symbol ...

not applicable

...

Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

x

Symbol F

too unreliable to be published

F

Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) - The Low-income measure, after tax, refers to a fixed percentage (50%) of median adjusted after-tax income of private households. The household after-tax income is adjusted by an equivalence scale to take economies of scale into account. This adjustment for different household sizes reflects the fact that a household's needs increase, but at a decreasing rate, as the number of members increases.

Using data from the 2016 Census of Population, the line applicable to a household is defined as half the Canadian median of the adjusted household after-tax income, multiplied by the square root of household size. The median is determined based on all persons in private households where low-income concepts are applicable. Thresholds for specific household sizes are presented in Table 4.2 Low-income measures thresholds (LIM-AT and LIM-BT) for private households of Canada, 2015, Dictionary, Census of Population, 2016.

When the unadjusted after-tax income of household pertaining to a person falls below the threshold applicable to the person based on household size, the person is considered to be in low income according to LIM-AT. Since the LIM-AT threshold and household income are unique within each household, low-income status based on LIM-AT can also be reported for households.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Low-income status - The income situation of the statistical unit in relation to a specific low-income line in a reference year. Statistical units with income that is below the low-income line are considered to be in low income.

For the 2016 Census, the reference period is the calendar year 2015 for all income variables.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3


The low-income concepts are not applied in the territories and in certain areas based on census subdivision type (such as Indian reserves). The existence of substantial in-kind transfers (such as subsidized housing and First Nations band housing) and sizeable barter economies or consumption from own production (such as product from hunting, farming or fishing) could make the interpretation of low-income statistics more difficult in these situations.

Return to footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Household type; Census family.

Return to footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

One-census-family households with additional persons, multiple-census-family households and two-or-more person non-census-family households.

Return to footnote 5 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016133.

Date modified: