Data tables, 2016 Census

Distribution of Income Between Married Spouses or Common-law Partners (47) and Characteristics of Couples (19) for Married Spouses or Common-law Partners in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories, and Census Metropolitan Areas, 2016 Census - 100% Data

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This table details distribution of income between married spouses or common-law partners and characteristics of couples for married spouses or common-law partners in private households in Nunavut
Data quality
Distribution of income between married spouses or common-law partners (47) Characteristics of couple (19)
Total - Age of older person in couple 15 to 29 years 30 to 54 years 55 to 64 years 65 years and over Total - Total income of coupleFootnote 1 Under $20,000 (including loss) $20,000 to $29,999 $30,000 to $39,999 $40,000 to $49,999 $50,000 to $59,999 $60,000 to $79,999 $80,000 to $99,999 $100,000 and over $100,000 to $124,999 $125,000 to $149,999 $150,000 to $199,999 $200,000 to $249,999 $250,000 and over
Total - Couples by distribution of income between married spouses or common-law partnersFootnote 2 6,230 1,120 3,740 895 470 6,230 335 415 555 535 400 565 470 2,965 590 460 735 640 535
Number of couples with total incomeFootnote 3 6,220 1,115 3,740 895 470 6,220 325 415 555 530 395 565 470 2,960 590 460 735 640 535
Median total income of couplesFootnote 4 94,043 42,368 107,374 137,387 79,104 94,043 14,272 25,621 35,407 44,885 54,784 68,595 90,035 177,124 112,192 137,408 172,942 224,512 281,884
Median total income of the higher income spouse 73,784 30,064 83,486 105,259 57,728 73,784 10,736 18,901 26,176 32,469 39,040 51,024 77,056 120,176 92,843 105,088 114,517 132,608 166,656
Median total income of the lower income spouseFootnote 5 18,574 10,901 22,016 27,840 16,768 18,574 2,376 5,920 9,456 12,224 15,424 17,680 12,614 58,192 18,859 32,352 57,856 93,803 122,405
Average share received by the higher total income recipient (%) 73.1 73.1 72.8 74.0 72.2 73.1 79.7 76.1 74.7 73.1 71.7 75.3 80.9 69.7 81.5 76.5 69.0 62.0 60.9
Median share received by the higher total income recipient (%) 71.0 72.1 70.2 71.4 72.1 71.0 82.2 75.8 73.3 72.5 71.5 74.1 86.4 66.3 83.3 77.0 66.5 58.1 58.0
A male is the higher total income recipientFootnote 6 3,315 615 1,910 520 275 3,320 155 160 230 265 200 330 280 1,695 320 245 400 390 330
A female is the higher total income recipientFootnote 7 2,900 505 1,835 370 195 2,900 170 255 320 270 200 230 190 1,270 270 210 340 250 200
Number of couples with two total income recipientsFootnote 8 6,070 1,065 3,685 860 465 6,075 280 390 535 525 390 555 465 2,925 575 450 730 635 535
Average share received by the higher total income recipient (%) 72.4 72.4 72.4 73.3 72.1 72.4 77.5 74.3 74.4 72.9 71.6 74.6 81.4 69.3 80.6 76.4 68.6 61.7 60.6
Median share received by the higher total income recipient (%) 70.2 70.5 69.4 70.4 72.0 70.2 76.8 74.1 73.1 72.3 71.4 73.4 86.2 66.1 83.1 76.1 66.4 58.1 58.0
One spouse/partner received 90% or more of couple's total income 1,220 170 770 205 70 1,215 90 95 130 95 65 125 185 430 205 105 80 30 15
One spouse/partner received 80% to 89.9% of couple's total income 890 170 510 125 90 890 45 65 95 85 65 95 95 350 125 85 90 30 20
One spouse/partner received 70% to 79.9% of couple's total income 965 205 555 115 90 965 45 55 75 105 80 105 65 430 95 90 135 60 55
One spouse/partner received 60% to 69.9% of couple's total income 1,305 250 795 155 105 1,305 55 70 120 125 80 125 55 670 90 95 190 160 135
One spouse/partner received 50% to 59.9% of couple's total income 1,700 265 1,055 260 120 1,700 50 95 120 110 105 110 60 1,045 60 75 240 360 310
A male is the higher total income recipientFootnote 9 3,230 575 1,880 505 270 3,235 125 150 225 260 195 330 270 1,675 315 240 395 390 330
A male received 90% or more of couple's total income 555 85 310 115 50 555 25 20 25 30 25 65 90 275 110 65 60 25 15
A male received 80% to 89.9% of couple's total income 480 95 265 70 50 480 20 20 40 50 30 65 60 195 75 40 45 25 15
A male received 70% to 79.9% of couple's total income 560 115 315 75 45 560 20 25 30 70 50 65 50 250 50 35 85 35 40
A male received 60% to 69.9% of couple's total income 725 135 435 100 60 725 30 35 65 65 40 75 40 375 45 55 100 90 90
A male received 50% to 59.9% of couple's total income 910 145 560 140 65 910 30 55 65 50 50 60 35 575 35 40 115 215 170
A female is the higher total income recipientFootnote 10 2,840 490 1,805 355 195 2,840 155 240 315 265 195 230 185 1,250 255 205 335 250 205
A female received 90% or more of couple's total income 660 90 460 85 20 660 65 80 105 65 40 60 90 155 90 45 20 5 0
A female received 80% to 89.9% of couple's total income 410 80 240 55 40 410 25 40 55 40 30 30 35 155 50 40 50 5 5
A female received 70% to 79.9% of couple's total income 405 85 240 40 40 405 25 35 40 45 30 35 10 180 45 50 55 20 5
A female received 60% to 69.9% of couple's total income 575 115 365 60 40 575 20 40 55 60 40 50 20 295 45 40 90 70 40
A female received 50% to 59.9% of couple's total income 790 120 500 120 50 790 20 45 55 60 50 50 30 475 25 30 120 150 145
Number of couples with market incomeFootnote 11 6,040 1,070 3,635 880 450 6,040 260 355 515 520 390 565 470 2,965 595 455 735 640 535
Average share received by the higher market income recipient (%) 79.1 82.3 78.1 76.9 84.2 79.1 90.2 89.8 87.7 86.6 83.9 83.7 86.9 71.5 84.2 79.3 70.7 62.8 61.4
Median share received by the higher market income recipient (%) 80.4 87.3 78.5 76.2 89.4 80.4 100.1 100.0 96.3 94.4 89.3 89.5 94.0 67.3 89.3 80.1 67.4 58.2 58.1
Number of couples with two market income recipientsFootnote 12 4,685 765 2,890 710 320 4,680 120 170 290 330 295 425 345 2,715 470 390 700 630 525
Average share received by the higher market income recipient (%) 73.0 75.1 72.5 72.0 77.4 73.0 77.9 79.4 77.7 79.8 78.0 78.6 81.6 68.8 80.0 76.3 69.7 61.6 60.6
Median share received by the higher market income recipient (%) 71.3 75.4 70.2 69.1 77.2 71.3 78.4 79.3 78.8 82.2 81.1 79.4 86.4 65.3 82.5 75.4 67.0 58.2 58.0
Number of couples with employment incomeFootnote 13 5,980 1,065 3,615 875 430 5,985 255 345 495 515 385 560 465 2,960 590 455 735 645 535
Average share received by the higher employment income recipient (%) 80.1 83.2 78.7 78.3 86.5 80.1 90.9 90.3 88.0 88.2 84.7 85.7 88.3 72.4 85.4 80.7 71.7 63.8 61.9
Median share received by the higher employment income recipient (%) 83.0 89.0 79.5 79.4 97.2 83.0 100.1 100.0 98.4 98.0 92.4 94.0 96.2 68.3 90.2 83.8 69.1 59.1 57.2
Number of couples with two employment income recipientsFootnote 14 4,420 740 2,765 660 265 4,420 100 165 260 290 265 385 320 2,635 445 370 680 620 520
Average share received by the higher employment income recipient (%) 73.1 75.5 72.3 71.1 78.2 73.1 75.0 78.1 76.9 78.8 78.9 78.9 81.4 69.0 80.9 76.8 69.4 62.3 60.6
Median share received by the higher employment income recipient (%) 71.3 76.2 69.5 69.1 82.2 71.3 80.2 79.4 78.5 81.4 79.3 80.4 87.2 65.4 83.4 77.2 67.2 59.0 57.1
Number of couples with government transfersFootnote 15 6,210 1,110 3,745 890 470 6,210 320 415 550 530 395 565 470 2,960 595 460 735 640 535
Average share received by the higher government transfers recipient (%) 76.6 79.8 77.3 71.5 71.4 76.6 85.7 81.9 78.9 77.7 80.2 80.7 81.0 72.1 80.1 77.3 72.0 67.1 65.1
Median share received by the higher government transfers recipient (%) 78.2 84.1 79.3 70.1 68.2 78.2 92.8 88.2 83.1 79.4 83.4 85.2 86.0 72.4 83.4 80.5 72.1 66.5 62.2
Number of couples with two government transfers recipientsFootnote 16 6,025 1,040 3,665 850 470 6,025 265 385 535 525 390 550 455 2,910 575 440 730 635 525
Average share received by the higher government transfers recipient (%) 75.8 78.5 76.9 70.5 71.2 75.8 82.0 81.0 78.9 78.0 79.6 80.0 80.1 71.6 79.3 76.7 71.8 67.4 64.6
Median share received by the higher government transfers recipient (%) 77.2 81.4 78.5 68.3 68.2 77.2 87.5 85.8 82.2 79.2 83.1 84.5 85.0 72.2 83.1 80.2 72.1 66.4 62.2

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not available for a specific reference period

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not applicable

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too unreliable to be published

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Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

Total income - The sum of certain incomes (in cash and, in some circumstances, in kind) of the statistical unit during a specified reference period. The components used to calculate total income vary between:

- statistical units of social statistical programs such as persons, private households, census families and economic families;
- statistical units of business statistical programs such as enterprises, companies, establishments and locations;
- statistical units of farm statistical programs such as farm operator and farm family.

In the context of persons, total income refers to receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during a specified reference period.

In the context of census families, total income refers to receipts from certain sources of all of its family members, before income taxes and deductions, during a specified reference period.

In the context of economic families, total income refers to receipts from certain sources of all of its family members, before income taxes and deductions, during a specified reference period.

In the context of households, total income refers to receipts from certain sources of all household members, before income taxes and deductions, during a specified reference period.

The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. Receipts that are included as income are:

- employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities);
- income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, guaranteed investment certificates (GICs) and mutual funds;
- income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and registered retirement income funds (RRIFs);
- other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships;
- income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, Employment Insurance benefits, Old Age Security benefits, Canada Pension Plan and Québec Pension Plan benefits and disability income.

Receipts excluded from this income definition are:

- one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump-sum insurance settlements and tax-free savings account (TFSA) or registered retirement savings plan (RRSP) withdrawals;
- capital gains because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are more relevant to the concept of wealth than the concept of income;
- employers' contributions to registered pension plans, Canada Pension Plan, Québec Pension Plan and Employment Insurance;
- voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter and goods produced for own consumption.

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Footnote 2

In the context of income distribution between couples, share refers to the proportion of a couple's combined income received by one of the spouses, and it is used to identify the higher income recipient among a couple.

When a couple jointly has a positive amount of income, but one of the spouses has a negative or zero income, the spouse with a negative or zero income is not considered to be an income recipient. His/her share of the couple's income is set to 0%, while the share of the other spouse is set to 100%.

When both spouses have the same amount of income, the share of the couple's income is 50% for both individuals and the higher income recipient spouse is randomly selected.

Couples with a negative or zero combined income are considered to have no income, and they are excluded from the calculations of any share statistics.

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Footnote 3

Total income - The sum of certain incomes (in cash and, in some circumstances, in kind) of the statistical unit during a specified reference period. The components used to calculate total income vary between:

- statistical units of social statistical programs such as persons, private households, census families and economic families;
- statistical units of business statistical programs such as enterprises, companies, establishments and locations;
- statistical units of farm statistical programs such as farm operator and farm family.

In the context of persons, total income refers to receipts from certain sources, before income taxes and deductions, during a specified reference period.

In the context of census families, total income refers to receipts from certain sources of all of its family members, before income taxes and deductions, during a specified reference period.

In the context of economic families, total income refers to receipts from certain sources of all of its family members, before income taxes and deductions, during a specified reference period.

In the context of households, total income refers to receipts from certain sources of all household members, before income taxes and deductions, during a specified reference period.

The monetary receipts included are those that tend to be of a regular and recurring nature. Receipts that are included as income are:

- employment income from wages, salaries, tips, commissions and net income from self-employment (for both unincorporated farm and non-farm activities);
- income from investment sources, such as dividends and interest on bonds, accounts, guaranteed investment certificates (GICs) and mutual funds;
- income from employer and personal pension sources, such as private pensions and payments from annuities and registered retirement income funds (RRIFs);
- other regular cash income, such as child support payments received, spousal support payments (alimony) received and scholarships;
- income from government sources, such as social assistance, child benefits, Employment Insurance benefits, Old Age Security benefits, Canada Pension Plan and Québec Pension Plan benefits and disability income.

Receipts excluded from this income definition are:

- one-time receipts, such as lottery winnings, gambling winnings, cash inheritances, lump-sum insurance settlements and tax-free savings account (TFSA) or registered retirement savings plan (RRSP) withdrawals;
- capital gains because they are not by their nature regular and recurring. It is further assumed that they are more relevant to the concept of wealth than the concept of income;
- employers' contributions to registered pension plans, Canada Pension Plan, Québec Pension Plan and Employment Insurance;
- voluntary inter-household transfers, imputed rent, goods and services produced for barter and goods produced for own consumption.

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Only couples with a positive combined income are included.

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Footnote 4

Only couples with a positive combined income are included.

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Footnote 5

All values of income (negative, zero and positive amounts) are included in the calculation of this median statistic.

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Footnote 6

This count can include both opposite-sex and same-sex couples.

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Footnote 7

This count can include both opposite-sex and same-sex couples.

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Footnote 8

Refers to couples where both spouses have a positive amount of income.

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Footnote 9

This count can include both opposite-sex and same-sex couples.

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Footnote 10

This count can include both opposite-sex and same-sex couples.

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Footnote 11

Market income - The sum of employment income (wages, salaries and commissions, net self-employment income from farm or non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice), investment income, private retirement income (retirement pensions, superannuation and annuities, including those from registered retirement savings plans [RRSPs] and registered retirement income funds [RRIFs]) and other money income from market sources during the reference period. It is equivalent to total income minus government transfers. It is also referred to as income before transfers and taxes.

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Only couples with a positive combined income are included.

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Footnote 12

Refers to couples where both spouses have a positive amount of income.

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Footnote 13

Employment income - All income received as wages, salaries and commissions from paid employment and net self-employment income from farm or non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice during the reference period.

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Only couples with a positive combined income are included.

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Footnote 14

Refers to couples where both spouses have a positive amount of income.

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Footnote 15

Only couples with a positive combined income are included.

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Government transfers - All cash benefits received from federal, provincial, territorial or municipal governments during the reference period. It includes:

- Old Age Security pension, Guaranteed Income Supplement, Allowance or Allowance for the Survivor;
- retirement, disability and survivor benefits from Canada Pension Plan and Québec Pension Plan;
- benefits from Employment Insurance and Québec parental insurance plan;
- child benefits from federal and provincial programs;
- social assistance benefits;
- workers' compensation benefits;
- Working income tax benefit;
- Goods and services tax credit and harmonized sales tax credit;
- other income from government sources.

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Footnote 16

Refers to couples where both spouses have a positive amount of income.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016106.

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