Data tables, 2016 Census

Visible Minority (15), Employment Income Statistics (7), STEM and BHASE (non-STEM) Groupings, Major Field of Study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2016 (16), Highest Certificate, Diploma or Degree (9), Immigrant Status (4A), Age (10) and Sex (3) for the Population Aged 15 Years and Over in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories and Census Metropolitan Areas, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data

Data table

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This table details visible minority , employment income statistics , stem and bhase groupings, major field of study - classification of instructional programs 2016 , highest certificate, diploma or degree , immigrant status , age and sex for the population aged 15 years and over in private households in Canada
Data quality
Visible minority (15) Employment income statistics (7)
Total - Employment income statisticsFootnote 4 With employment income Median employment income ($) Average employment income ($) With wages, salaries and commissions Median wages, salaries and commissions ($) Average wages, salaries and commissions ($)
Total - Visible minorityFootnote 5 28,643,015 20,428,675 33,683 46,057 18,811,420 35,551 47,102
Total visible minority populationFootnote 6 6,073,875 4,261,010 28,504 38,920 3,912,920 30,229 40,007
South AsianFootnote 7 1,511,125 1,064,690 28,062 40,377 972,390 29,932 41,585
Chinese 1,335,285 862,845 29,999 43,491 777,735 32,612 45,208
Black 880,105 638,400 26,807 34,813 600,890 28,308 35,580
Filipino 627,620 514,745 32,603 37,239 499,425 33,112 37,603
Latin American 376,450 281,350 28,638 36,430 256,995 30,399 37,522
Arab 379,630 234,380 23,253 36,735 206,685 25,555 37,987
Southeast AsianFootnote 8 254,485 182,730 27,944 36,452 166,725 29,672 37,059
West AsianFootnote 9 218,775 139,525 21,516 35,272 120,050 24,002 36,960
Korean 156,700 102,945 22,913 35,362 89,480 24,340 36,808
Japanese 75,245 52,590 31,484 47,063 48,005 33,801 48,276
Visible minority, n.i.e.Footnote 10 106,300 76,905 32,860 39,838 71,605 34,858 41,217
Multiple visible minoritiesFootnote 11 152,160 109,910 29,194 39,197 102,940 30,647 39,983
Not a visible minorityFootnote 12 22,569,140 16,167,655 35,299 47,938 14,898,500 37,104 48,966


Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period


Symbol ...

not applicable


Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act


Symbol F

too unreliable to be published



Footnote 1

This variable shows a variant of CIP which classifies fields of study into STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math and computer sciences) and BHASE (non-STEM) categories. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2016:

This variant is different from the STEM variant used in the 2011 National Household Survey. For information on comparability between the two variants, refer to the Education Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016, Catalogue no. 98-500-X2016013.

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Footnote 2

Users are advised to consult data quality comments for 'Highest certificate, diploma or degree,' available in the Education Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016, Catalogue no. 98-500-X2016013.

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Footnote 3

Non-permanent residents are included in 'Total - Immigrant status.' The category for 'Non-permanent residents' is not presented elsewhere in this table with income as they may not have a complete year of applicable income.

'Non-permanent residents' includes persons from another country who have a work or study permit, or who are refugee claimants, and their family members sharing the same permit and living in Canada with them.

For more information on immigration variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Place of Birth, Generation Status, Citizenship and Immigration Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

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Footnote 4

Employment income - All income received as wages, salaries and commissions from paid employment and net self-employment income from farm or non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice during the reference period.

Wages, salaries and commissions - Gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income taxes, pension plan contributions and employment insurance premiums during the reference period. While other employee remuneration such as security options benefits, board and lodging and other taxable allowances and benefits are included in this source, employers' contributions to pension plans and employment insurance plans are excluded. Other receipts included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses associated with paid employment, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union, research grants, royalties from a work or invention with no associated expenses and all types of casual earnings during the reference period.

For the 2016 Census, the reference period is the calendar year 2015 for all income variables.

The median income of a specified group is the amount that divides the income distribution of that group into two halves, i.e., the incomes of half of the units in that group are below the median, while those of the other half are above the median. Median incomes of individuals are calculated for those with income (positive or negative).

Average income of a specified group is calculated by dividing the aggregate income of that group by the number of units in that group. Average incomes of individuals are calculated for those with income (positive or negative).

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Footnote 5

For more information on the Visible minority variable, including information on its classification, the questions from which it is derived, data quality and its comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Visible Minority and Population Group Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

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Footnote 6

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 7

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 8

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Laotian,' 'Thai,' etc.

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Footnote 9

For example, 'Afghan,' 'Iranian,' etc.

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Footnote 10

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes persons with a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 11

Includes persons who gave more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in responses, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 12

Includes persons who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal group question (Question 18), as well as persons who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016277.

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