Data tables, 2016 Census

Visible Minority (15), Employment Income Statistics (7), STEM and BHASE (non-STEM) Groupings, Major Field of Study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2016 (16), Highest Certificate, Diploma or Degree (9), Immigrant Status (4A), Age (10) and Sex (3) for the Population Aged 15 Years and Over in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories and Census Metropolitan Areas, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data

Data table

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This table details visible minority , employment income statistics , stem and bhase groupings, major field of study - classification of instructional programs 2016 , highest certificate, diploma or degree , immigrant status , age and sex for the population aged 15 years and over in private households in New Brunswick / Nouveau-Brunswick
Data quality
Visible minority (15) Employment income statistics (7)
Total - Employment income statisticsFootnote 4 With employment income Median employment income ($) Average employment income ($) With wages, salaries and commissions Median wages, salaries and commissions ($) Average wages, salaries and commissions ($)
Total - Visible minorityFootnote 5 620,395 423,915 29,155 37,611 400,260 30,151 38,212
Total visible minority populationFootnote 6 18,030 11,950 22,126 32,642 11,285 23,047 33,005
South AsianFootnote 7 1,995 1,370 32,991 49,789 1,295 33,590 49,078
Chinese 2,930 1,675 16,870 31,908 1,590 17,275 32,273
Black 4,900 3,480 21,824 30,773 3,315 22,689 31,249
Filipino 1,455 1,220 25,204 28,482 1,210 25,236 28,074
Latin American 1,140 925 19,988 29,419 870 21,244 30,508
Arab 1,855 845 24,100 42,298 750 26,918 44,217
Southeast AsianFootnote 8 915 575 21,018 28,127 515 22,924 30,388
West AsianFootnote 9 590 345 9,999 27,327 305 11,146 28,807
Korean 1,375 895 16,412 20,801 845 16,494 20,835
Japanese 175 115 18,056 25,074 110 18,098 24,415
Visible minority, n.i.e.Footnote 10 230 170 20,089 31,839 165 21,881 31,635
Multiple visible minoritiesFootnote 11 465 325 27,194 32,933 315 27,203 33,076
Not a visible minorityFootnote 12 602,360 411,970 29,418 37,755 388,975 30,432 38,363


Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period


Symbol ...

not applicable


Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act


Symbol F

too unreliable to be published



Footnote 1

This variable shows a variant of CIP which classifies fields of study into STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math and computer sciences) and BHASE (non-STEM) categories. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2016:

This variant is different from the STEM variant used in the 2011 National Household Survey. For information on comparability between the two variants, refer to the Education Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016, Catalogue no. 98-500-X2016013.

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Footnote 2

Users are advised to consult data quality comments for 'Highest certificate, diploma or degree,' available in the Education Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016, Catalogue no. 98-500-X2016013.

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Footnote 3

Non-permanent residents are included in 'Total - Immigrant status.' The category for 'Non-permanent residents' is not presented elsewhere in this table with income as they may not have a complete year of applicable income.

'Non-permanent residents' includes persons from another country who have a work or study permit, or who are refugee claimants, and their family members sharing the same permit and living in Canada with them.

For more information on immigration variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Place of Birth, Generation Status, Citizenship and Immigration Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

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Footnote 4

Employment income - All income received as wages, salaries and commissions from paid employment and net self-employment income from farm or non-farm unincorporated business and/or professional practice during the reference period.

Wages, salaries and commissions - Gross wages and salaries before deductions for such items as income taxes, pension plan contributions and employment insurance premiums during the reference period. While other employee remuneration such as security options benefits, board and lodging and other taxable allowances and benefits are included in this source, employers' contributions to pension plans and employment insurance plans are excluded. Other receipts included in this source are military pay and allowances, tips, commissions and cash bonuses associated with paid employment, benefits from wage-loss replacement plans or income-maintenance insurance plans, supplementary unemployment benefits from an employer or union, research grants, royalties from a work or invention with no associated expenses and all types of casual earnings during the reference period.

For the 2016 Census, the reference period is the calendar year 2015 for all income variables.

The median income of a specified group is the amount that divides the income distribution of that group into two halves, i.e., the incomes of half of the units in that group are below the median, while those of the other half are above the median. Median incomes of individuals are calculated for those with income (positive or negative).

Average income of a specified group is calculated by dividing the aggregate income of that group by the number of units in that group. Average incomes of individuals are calculated for those with income (positive or negative).

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Footnote 5

For more information on the Visible minority variable, including information on its classification, the questions from which it is derived, data quality and its comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Visible Minority and Population Group Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

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Footnote 6

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 7

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 8

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Laotian,' 'Thai,' etc.

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Footnote 9

For example, 'Afghan,' 'Iranian,' etc.

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Footnote 10

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes persons with a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 11

Includes persons who gave more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in responses, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 12

Includes persons who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal group question (Question 18), as well as persons who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016277.

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