Data tables, 2016 Census
Visible Minority (15), Highest Certificate, Diploma or Degree (15), Generation Status (4), Age (9) and Sex (3) for the Population Aged 15 Years and Over in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories and Census Metropolitan Areas, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data
|Highest certificate, diploma or degree (15)||Visible minority (15)|
|Total - Visible minorityFootnote 2||Total visible minority populationFootnote 3||South AsianFootnote 4||Chinese||Black||Filipino||Latin American||Arab||Southeast AsianFootnote 5||West AsianFootnote 6||Korean||Japanese||Visible minority, n.i.e.Footnote 7||Multiple visible minoritiesFootnote 8||Not a visible minorityFootnote 9|
|Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 10||3,870,375||1,141,110||294,720||437,350||31,910||118,995||38,530||14,780||45,115||42,220||50,590||33,650||6,970||26,275||2,729,270|
|No certificate, diploma or degree||601,640||192,575||67,485||69,510||5,335||11,065||5,240||3,120||12,935||4,675||4,440||3,140||1,255||4,365||409,065|
|Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificateFootnote 11||1,138,565||326,080||92,750||124,465||9,605||28,720||10,515||3,410||14,390||10,050||13,610||9,445||2,075||7,045||812,485|
|Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree||2,130,175||622,455||134,480||243,370||16,970||79,210||22,775||8,250||17,790||27,495||32,540||21,070||3,635||14,870||1,507,715|
|Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma||338,980||46,115||11,175||12,615||2,375||6,760||2,920||600||2,745||2,060||980||2,085||515||1,280||292,875|
|Trades certificate or diploma other than Certificate of Apprenticeship or Certificate of QualificationFootnote 12||142,935||26,640||6,495||6,970||1,335||4,660||1,625||320||1,475||1,180||490||1,055||275||755||116,295|
|Certificate of Apprenticeship or Certificate of QualificationFootnote 13||196,045||19,470||4,680||5,640||1,040||2,100||1,290||275||1,275||880||495||1,030||245||530||176,575|
|College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma||700,945||151,870||34,415||55,475||5,925||20,520||6,390||1,535||5,780||4,590||5,710||6,750||1,335||3,450||549,070|
|University certificate or diploma below bachelor level||138,010||50,545||11,090||17,970||1,355||8,615||1,615||730||1,145||1,805||3,440||1,420||275||1,075||87,465|
|University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above||952,235||373,925||77,805||157,310||7,320||43,315||11,845||5,390||8,120||19,040||22,405||10,810||1,510||9,055||578,315|
|University certificate or diploma above bachelor level||69,000||21,915||4,830||7,805||490||2,775||1,600||275||470||870||1,470||650||120||550||47,085|
|Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry||29,110||12,435||3,290||4,535||215||1,015||340||390||280||1,330||445||260||35||300||16,675|
|Earned doctorateFootnote 14||35,625||10,510||1,955||4,540||330||185||375||305||200||1,375||675||315||45||230||25,110|
- Symbol ..
not available for a specific reference period
- Symbol ...
- Symbol x
suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act
- Symbol F
too unreliable to be published
- Footnote 1
For more information on generation status variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Place of Birth, Generation Status, Citizenship and Immigration Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.
- Footnote 2
For more information on the Visible minority variable, including information on its classification, the questions from which it is derived, data quality and its comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Visible Minority and Population Group Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.
- Footnote 3
The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'
- Footnote 4
For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.
- Footnote 5
For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Laotian,' 'Thai,' etc.
- Footnote 6
For example, 'Afghan,' 'Iranian,' etc.
- Footnote 7
The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes persons with a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.
- Footnote 8
Includes persons who gave more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in responses, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'
- Footnote 9
Includes persons who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal group question (Question 18), as well as persons who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.
- Footnote 10
Users are advised to consult data quality comments for 'Highest certificate, diploma or degree,' available in the Education Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016, Catalogue no. 98-500-X2016013.
- Footnote 11
'Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate' includes only people who have this as their highest educational qualification. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.
- Footnote 12
'Trades certificate or diploma other than Certificate of Apprenticeship or Certificate of Qualification' includes trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres and similar institutions.
- Footnote 13
'Certificate of Apprenticeship or Certificate of Qualification' also includes Journeyperson's designations.
- Footnote 14
'Earned doctorate' refers to persons who have completed a doctorate degree awarded by a university. This includes, for example, Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) and Doctor of Juridical Science (S.J.D.). It does not include honorary doctorates.
Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016275.