Data tables, 2016 Census

Admission Category and Applicant Type (47), Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (11B), Age (7A), Sex (3) and Selected Demographic, Cultural, Labour Force and Educational Characteristics (825) for the Population in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories and Census Metropolitan Areas, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data

Data table

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This table details admission category and applicant type , immigrant status and period of immigration , age , sex and selected demographic, cultural, labour force and educational characteristics for the population in private households in Nunavut
Data quality
Selected demographic, cultural, labour force and educational characteristics (825) Sex (3)
Total - Sex Male Female
Total - Age groups for the population in private households - 25% sample data 35,580 18,135 17,445
0 to 14 years 11,645 5,960 5,685
0 to 4 years 4,150 2,125 2,020
5 to 9 years 4,100 2,120 1,975
10 to 14 years 3,405 1,715 1,690
15 to 24 years 6,135 3,100 3,035
15 to 19 years 3,120 1,595 1,525
20 to 24 years 3,015 1,505 1,505
25 to 64 years 16,480 8,395 8,090
25 to 34 years 5,915 2,925 2,990
35 to 44 years 4,360 2,230 2,135
45 to 54 years 3,865 1,985 1,885
55 to 64 years 2,345 1,260 1,085
65 years and over 1,315 680 630
65 to 74 years 975 515 465
75 to 84 years 290 150 140
85 years and over 45 20 25
Total - Average age and median age for the population in private households - 25% sample data 35,580 18,135 17,445
Average age 27.6 27.7 27.5
Median age 25.0 25.0 25.0
Total - Household type of person for the population in private households - 25% sample data 35,580 18,135 17,445
Persons in one-census-family households without additional persons 20,710 10,445 10,265
In a couple census family without children (no other persons present in the household) 1,920 955 960
In a couple census family with children (no other persons present in the household) 15,320 7,955 7,360
In a lone-parent census family (no other persons present in the household) 3,475 1,540 1,935
Persons in multigenerational householdsFootnote 3 7,755 3,820 3,935
Persons in other census family householdsFootnote 4 4,140 2,105 2,035
Persons in two-or-more-person non-census-family households 1,120 655 465
Persons living alone (one-person households) 1,855 1,110 745
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 5 23,935 12,180 11,755
Married or living common law 12,835 6,440 6,400
Married 6,565 3,310 3,255
Living common law 6,270 3,125 3,140
Not married and not living common law 11,095 5,735 5,355
Never married 9,575 5,170 4,405
Separated 395 180 215
Divorced 430 185 245
Widowed 690 205 490
Total - Mobility status 1 year ago - 25% sample dataFootnote 6 34,880 17,750 17,130
Non-movers 29,480 15,105 14,375
Movers 5,400 2,645 2,750
Non-migrants 3,560 1,760 1,800
Migrants 1,835 885 955
Internal migrants 1,785 865 925
Intraprovincial migrants 800 385 415
Interprovincial migrants 985 480 510
External migrants 50 20 35
Total - Mobility status 5 years ago - 25% sample dataFootnote 7 31,430 16,015 15,420
Non-movers 18,455 9,570 8,880
Movers 12,975 6,440 6,535
Non-migrants 8,745 4,355 4,390
Migrants 4,235 2,085 2,145
Internal migrants 4,045 2,000 2,045
Intraprovincial migrants 1,515 760 755
Interprovincial migrants 2,535 1,245 1,285
External migrants 185 80 100
Total - First official language spoken for the population in private households - 25% Sample DataFootnote 8 35,580 18,135 17,440
English 32,895 16,745 16,150
French 575 335 240
English and French 90 45 40
Neither English nor French 2,025 1,010 1,015
Official language minority (number)Footnote 9 620 355 260
Official language minority (percentage)Footnote 10 1.7 2.0 1.5
Total - Mother tongue for the population in private households - 25% Sample DataFootnote 11 35,580 18,135 17,440
English 10,970 5,710 5,255
French 585 345 245
Non-official language 23,295 11,715 11,585
English and French 25 10 15
English and non-official language 690 355 335
French and non-official language 10 0 10
English, French and non-official language 10 10 0
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the population in private households - 25% Sample DataFootnote 12 35,580 18,135 17,440
English 16,610 8,425 8,185
French 340 185 155
Non-official language 18,020 9,220 8,800
English and French 20 15 0
English and non-official language 585 290 295
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0
Total - Number of languages known for the population in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 13 35,580 18,135 17,445
Knowledge of one language 8,220 4,280 3,940
English only 6,145 3,240 2,910
French only 45 35 15
Non-official language only 2,025 1,010 1,015
Knowledge of more than one language 27,360 13,860 13,500
English and French only 945 490 460
English, French and one or more non-official languages 560 290 265
English and one or more non official languages 25,825 13,060 12,770
French and one or more non official languages 10 0 0
Multiple non-official languages only 20 10 0
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 14 35,580 18,135 17,440
Canadian citizensFootnote 15 35,285 17,995 17,290
Canadian citizens only 35,175 17,940 17,230
Citizens of Canada and at least one other country 110 55 55
Not Canadian citizensFootnote 16 300 145 155
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 17 920 485 430
Under 5 years 105 45 55
5 to 14 years 160 90 65
15 to 24 years 160 90 75
25 to 44 years 435 225 215
45 years and over 55 35 20
Total - Place of birth for the population in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 18 35,580 18,135 17,445
Born in Canada 34,550 17,610 16,945
Born outside Canada 1,025 530 500
Americas 190 85 105
North America 85 35 50
Greenland 0 0 0
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 0 0 0
United StatesFootnote 19 85 35 45
Central America 15 10 10
Belize 0 0 0
Costa Rica 0 0 0
El Salvador 0 10 0
Guatemala 10 0 0
Honduras 0 0 0
Mexico 10 0 0
Nicaragua 0 0 0
Panama 0 0 0
Caribbean and Bermuda 65 30 35
Anguilla 0 0 0
Antigua and Barbuda 0 0 0
Aruba 0 0 0
Bahamas 0 0 0
Barbados 0 10 10
Bermuda 0 0 0
Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba 0 0 0
Cayman Islands 0 0 0
Cuba 0 0 0
Curaçao 0 0 0
Dominica 10 10 0
Dominican Republic 10 0 0
Grenada 10 0 0
Guadeloupe 0 0 0
Haiti 0 0 0
Jamaica 25 10 15
Martinique 0 0 0
Montserrat 0 0 0
Puerto Rico 0 0 0
Saint Barthélemy 0 0 0
Saint Kitts and Nevis 0 0 0
Saint Lucia 10 0 0
Saint Martin (French part) 0 0 0
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 0 10 0
Sint Maarten (Dutch part) 0 0 0
Trinidad and Tobago 10 10 0
Turks and Caicos Islands 0 0 0
Virgin Islands, British 0 0 0
Virgin Islands, United States 0 0 0
South America 20 10 15
Argentina 0 0 0
BoliviaFootnote 20 0 0 0
Brazil 0 0 0
Chile 0 0 0
Colombia 10 0 10
Ecuador 10 10 10
Falkland Islands (Malvinas) 0 0 0
French Guiana 0 0 0
Guyana 10 0 10
Paraguay 0 0 0
Peru 0 0 0
South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands 0 0 0
Suriname 0 0 0
Uruguay 0 0 0
VenezuelaFootnote 21 0 0 0
Europe 220 135 85
Western Europe 50 25 25
Austria 0 0 0
Belgium 0 0 0
France 10 0 10
Germany 30 20 10
Liechtenstein 0 0 0
Luxembourg 0 0 0
Monaco 0 0 0
Netherlands 10 10 10
Switzerland 0 0 10
Eastern Europe 45 25 20
Belarus 0 0 0
Bulgaria 0 0 0
Czech Republic 0 0 0
Estonia 0 0 0
Hungary 0 0 0
Latvia 0 0 0
Lithuania 10 0 0
MoldovaFootnote 22 0 0 0
Poland 20 10 10
Romania 10 0 0
Russian Federation 0 0 0
Slovakia 10 0 0
Ukraine 10 0 10
Northern Europe 105 65 40
Åland Islands 0 0 0
Denmark 0 0 0
Faroe Islands 0 0 0
Finland 0 10 0
Guernsey 0 0 0
Iceland 0 0 0
IrelandFootnote 23 0 0 0
Isle of Man 0 0 0
Jersey 0 0 0
Norway 10 0 0
Sark 0 0 0
Svalbard and Jan Mayen 0 0 0
Sweden 0 0 0
United KingdomFootnote 24 85 55 30
Southern Europe 25 20 0
Albania 0 0 0
Andorra 0 0 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0 0 0
Croatia 0 0 0
Gibraltar 0 0 0
Greece 0 0 0
Holy See (Vatican City State) 0 0 0
Italy 10 0 0
KosovoFootnote 25 0 0 0
Macedonia, Republic ofFootnote 26 0 0 0
Malta 0 0 0
Montenegro 10 0 0
Portugal 0 0 0
San Marino 0 0 0
SerbiaFootnote 27 0 10 0
Slovenia 0 0 0
Spain 0 0 0
Africa 205 115 85
Western Africa 65 35 25
Benin 0 0 0
Burkina Faso 0 0 0
Cabo Verde 0 0 0
Côte d'Ivoire 10 0 0
Gambia 0 0 0
Ghana 10 10 10
Guinea 0 0 0
Guinea-Bissau 0 0 0
Liberia 0 0 0
Mali 10 0 0
Mauritania 0 0 0
Niger 10 0 0
Nigeria 30 15 15
Saint HelenaFootnote 28 0 0 0
Senegal 0 0 10
Sierra Leone 10 0 0
Togo 0 0 0
Eastern Africa 90 55 35
Burundi 0 0 0
Comoros 0 0 0
Djibouti 0 0 0
Eritrea 0 0 0
Ethiopia 25 15 0
Kenya 10 0 0
Madagascar 0 0 0
Malawi 0 0 0
Mauritius 0 0 0
Mayotte 0 0 0
Mozambique 0 0 0
Réunion 0 0 0
Rwanda 0 0 0
Seychelles 0 0 0
Somalia 15 10 0
South Sudan 0 0 0
TanzaniaFootnote 29 10 0 0
Uganda 10 10 0
Zambia 0 0 0
Zimbabwe 35 20 15
Northern Africa 10 10 0
Algeria 0 10 0
Egypt 0 10 0
Libya 0 0 0
Morocco 0 10 0
SudanFootnote 30 0 0 0
Tunisia 0 0 0
Western Sahara 0 0 0
Central Africa 20 10 15
Angola 0 0 0
Cameroon 20 10 10
Central African Republic 0 0 0
Chad 0 0 0
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 0 0 0
Congo, Republic of the 0 0 0
Equatorial Guinea 0 0 0
Gabon 0 0 0
Sao Tome and Principe 0 0 0
Southern Africa 20 0 10
Botswana 0 0 0
Lesotho 0 0 0
Namibia 0 0 0
South Africa, Republic of 15 10 10
Swaziland 0 0 0
Asia 405 185 220
West Central Asia and the Middle East 40 30 10
Afghanistan 0 0 0
Armenia 0 10 0
Azerbaijan 0 0 0
Bahrain 0 0 0
Cyprus 0 0 0
Georgia 0 0 0
IranFootnote 31 0 10 0
Iraq 0 0 0
Israel 0 0 0
Jordan 0 0 0
Kazakhstan 10 0 0
Kuwait 0 0 0
Kyrgyzstan 0 0 0
Lebanon 15 15 0
Oman 0 0 0
Qatar 0 0 0
Saudi Arabia 10 0 0
SyriaFootnote 32 0 0 0
Tajikistan 0 0 0
Turkey 0 0 0
Turkmenistan 0 0 0
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0
Uzbekistan 0 0 0
West Bank and Gaza Strip (Palestine)Footnote 33 0 0 0
Yemen 0 0 0
Eastern Asia 40 20 25
ChinaFootnote 34 25 15 10
Hong KongFootnote 35 10 0 0
Japan 0 0 0
Korea, NorthFootnote 36 0 0 0
Korea, SouthFootnote 37 10 0 0
MacaoFootnote 38 0 0 0
Mongolia 0 0 0
Taiwan 0 0 0
Southeast Asia 220 85 135
Brunei Darussalam 0 0 0
Burma (Myanmar) 0 0 10
Cambodia 0 0 0
Indonesia 0 0 0
LaosFootnote 39 0 0 0
Malaysia 0 0 0
Philippines 205 80 125
Singapore 0 0 0
Thailand 10 0 0
Timor-Leste 0 0 0
Viet Nam 0 0 0
Southern Asia 95 50 45
Bangladesh 25 15 10
Bhutan 0 0 0
British Indian Ocean Territory 0 0 0
India 35 15 20
Maldives 0 0 0
Nepal 0 0 0
Pakistan 30 15 15
Sri Lanka 10 10 10
Oceania 15 10 10
American Samoa 0 0 0
Australia 10 0 10
Christmas Island 0 0 0
Cocos (Keeling) Islands 0 0 0
Cook Islands 0 0 0
Fiji 0 0 0
French Polynesia 0 0 0
Guam 0 0 0
Kiribati 0 0 0
Marshall Islands 0 0 0
Micronesia, Federated States of 0 0 0
Nauru 0 0 0
New Caledonia 0 0 0
New Zealand 0 0 0
Niue 0 0 0
Norfolk Island 0 0 0
Northern Mariana Islands 0 0 0
Palau 0 0 0
Papua New Guinea 0 0 0
Pitcairn 0 0 0
Samoa 0 0 0
Solomon Islands 0 0 0
Tokelau 0 0 0
Tonga 0 0 0
Tuvalu 0 0 0
United States Minor Outlying Islands 0 0 0
Vanuatu 0 0 0
Wallis and Futuna 0 0 0
Other places of birthFootnote 40 0 0 0
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 41 35,580 18,140 17,440
First generationFootnote 42 1,025 530 495
Second generationFootnote 43 925 480 445
Third generation or moreFootnote 44 33,630 17,125 16,505
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 45 35,580 18,135 17,445
Total visible minority populationFootnote 46 905 450 455
South AsianFootnote 47 115 60 55
Chinese 75 35 40
Black 330 180 150
Filipino 235 100 135
Latin American 40 15 25
Arab 40 30 10
Southeast AsianFootnote 48 25 10 15
West AsianFootnote 49 10 10 0
Korean 10 10 0
Japanese 0 0 0
Visible minority, n.i.e.Footnote 50 20 15 0
Multiple visible minoritiesFootnote 51 10 10 10
Not a visible minorityFootnote 52 34,670 17,685 16,985
Total - Ethnic origin for the population in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 53 35,580 18,140 17,445
North American Aboriginal origins 30,420 15,340 15,075
First Nations (North American Indian) 690 340 350
Inuit 29,950 15,090 14,860
Métis 185 95 90
Other North American origins 1,815 955 860
Acadian 105 50 55
American 230 120 115
Canadian 1,305 685 625
New Brunswicker 10 0 0
Newfoundlander 125 70 50
Nova Scotian 10 10 0
Ontarian 0 0 0
Québécois 50 40 15
Other North American origins, n.i.e.Footnote 54 0 0 0
European origins 8,315 4,345 3,970
British Isles origins 5,810 3,020 2,790
Channel Islander 0 0 0
Cornish 0 0 0
English 1,625 825 800
Irish 1,745 895 845
Manx 0 10 0
Scottish 3,265 1,695 1,570
Welsh 155 80 75
British Isles origins, n.i.e.Footnote 55 355 200 150
French origins 1,485 785 700
Alsatian 0 0 0
Breton 10 0 0
Corsican 10 0 10
French 1,480 780 700
Western European origins (except French origins) 975 470 505
Austrian 35 20 15
Bavarian 0 0 0
Belgian 30 20 15
Dutch 190 90 100
Flemish 0 0 0
Frisian 0 0 0
German 745 355 390
Luxembourger 0 0 0
Swiss 20 10 10
Western European origins, n.i.e.Footnote 56 10 10 0
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 675 335 340
Danish 295 145 150
Finnish 45 20 25
Icelandic 35 10 20
Norwegian 150 70 75
Swedish 120 65 55
Northern European origins, n.i.e.Footnote 57 85 50 40
Eastern European origins 520 265 255
Bulgarian 0 0 0
Byelorussian 0 0 0
Czech 10 10 10
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s.Footnote 58 10 0 10
Estonian 0 0 0
Hungarian 50 20 25
Latvian 10 0 10
Lithuanian 0 0 0
Moldovan 0 0 0
Polish 140 85 55
Romanian 20 10 10
Russian 100 60 40
Slovak 20 10 10
Ukrainian 195 90 105
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.Footnote 59 25 15 15
Southern European origins 415 210 205
Albanian 0 0 0
Bosnian 10 0 0
Catalan 0 0 0
Croatian 10 10 0
Cypriot 0 0 0
Greek 20 10 10
Italian 175 95 85
Kosovar 0 0 0
Macedonian 0 0 0
Maltese 0 10 0
Montenegrin 0 0 0
Portuguese 115 60 55
Serbian 10 0 0
Sicilian 0 0 0
Slovenian 10 0 10
Spanish 75 35 35
Yugoslavian, n.o.s.Footnote 60 10 10 10
Southern European origins, n.i.e.Footnote 61 0 0 0
Other European origins 340 190 155
Basque 0 0 0
Jewish 35 20 15
Roma (Gypsy) 0 0 0
Slavic, n.o.s.Footnote 62 10 0 0
Other European origins, n.i.e.Footnote 63 305 170 135
Caribbean origins 95 50 45
Antiguan 0 0 0
Bahamian 0 0 0
Barbadian 10 0 0
Bermudan 0 0 0
Carib 0 0 0
Cuban 0 0 0
Dominican 0 10 0
Grenadian 0 0 0
Guadeloupean 0 0 0
Haitian 0 0 0
Jamaican 40 20 15
Kittitian/Nevisian 0 0 0
Martinican 0 0 0
Montserratan 0 0 0
Puerto Rican 0 0 0
St. Lucian 0 0 0
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 0 0 10
Vincentian/Grenadinian 10 0 0
West Indian, n.o.s.Footnote 64 15 10 10
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.Footnote 65 10 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins 70 30 35
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Arawak and Maya) 0 0 0
Arawak 0 0 0
Argentinian 0 0 0
Belizean 0 0 0
Bolivian 0 0 0
Brazilian 10 0 0
Chilean 10 0 0
Colombian 0 0 10
Costa Rican 10 0 0
Ecuadorian 10 0 0
Guatemalan 0 0 0
Guyanese 10 0 0
Hispanic 10 0 10
Honduran 0 0 0
Maya 0 0 0
Mexican 10 10 0
Nicaraguan 0 0 0
Panamanian 10 0 0
Paraguayan 0 0 0
Peruvian 10 0 0
Salvadorean 10 0 0
Uruguayan 0 0 0
Venezuelan 0 0 0
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.Footnote 66 10 0 0
African origins 465 255 210
Central and West African origins 65 35 30
Akan 0 0 0
Angolan 0 0 0
Ashanti 0 0 0
Beninese 0 0 0
Burkinabe 0 0 0
Cameroonian 15 10 10
Chadian 0 0 0
Congolese 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0
Gabonese 0 0 0
Gambian 0 0 0
Ghanaian 0 0 0
Guinean 0 0 0
Ibo 10 10 0
Ivorian 0 0 0
Liberian 0 0 0
Malian 0 0 0
Malinké 0 0 0
Nigerian 20 10 10
Peulh 0 0 0
Senegalese 10 0 0
Sierra Leonean 0 10 0
Togolese 0 0 0
Wolof 0 0 0
Yoruba 15 0 10
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.Footnote 67 0 0 10
North African origins 30 20 10
Algerian 0 10 0
Berber 0 0 0
Coptic 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0
Egyptian 10 10 10
Libyan 0 0 0
Maure 0 0 0
Moroccan 10 0 10
Sudanese 0 10 0
Tunisian 0 0 0
North African origins, n.i.e.Footnote 68 0 0 0
Southern and East African origins 80 55 30
Afrikaner 0 0 0
Amhara 0 0 0
Bantu, n.o.s.Footnote 69 0 10 0
Burundian 0 0 0
Djiboutian 0 0 0
Eritrean 0 10 0
Ethiopian 25 15 10
Harari 0 0 0
Kenyan 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0
Mauritian 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0
Rwandan 0 0 0
Seychellois 0 0 0
Somali 0 10 0
South African 0 10 0
Tanzanian 0 0 0
Tigrian 0 0 0
Ugandan 0 0 0
Zambian 10 0 0
Zimbabwean 15 10 10
Zulu 10 10 0
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.Footnote 70 0 0 10
Other African origins 285 145 145
Black, n.o.s.Footnote 71 50 25 25
Other African origins, n.i.e.Footnote 72 240 120 115
Asian origins 615 280 335
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 100 60 40
Afghan 0 10 0
Arab, n.o.s.Footnote 73 10 10 0
Armenian 10 10 0
Assyrian 0 0 0
Azerbaijani 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0
Hazara 0 0 0
Iranian 15 10 10
Iraqi 10 0 0
Israeli 0 10 0
Jordanian 10 10 0
Kazakh 0 0 0
Kurd 0 0 0
Kuwaiti 0 0 0
Kyrgyz 0 0 0
Lebanese 40 25 15
Palestinian 0 0 0
Pashtun 0 0 0
Saudi Arabian 0 0 0
Syrian 10 0 0
Tajik 0 0 0
Tatar 0 0 0
Turk 15 0 10
Turkmen 0 0 0
Uighur 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0
Yemeni 0 0 0
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.Footnote 74 0 0 0
South Asian origins 125 65 65
Bangladeshi 20 10 10
Bengali 0 0 0
Bhutanese 0 0 0
East Indian 65 30 30
Goan 0 0 0
Gujarati 0 0 0
Kashmiri 0 0 0
Nepali 0 0 0
Pakistani 15 10 10
Punjabi 10 10 10
Sinhalese 0 0 0
Sri Lankan 10 0 10
Tamil 10 10 10
South Asian origins, n.i.e.Footnote 75 15 10 10
East and Southeast Asian origins 385 155 225
Burmese 0 0 0
Cambodian (Khmer) 0 0 0
Chinese 115 50 65
Filipino 250 100 145
Hmong 0 0 0
Indonesian 0 0 0
Japanese 15 10 10
Karen 0 0 0
Korean 15 10 0
Laotian 0 0 0
Malaysian 10 10 0
Mongolian 0 0 10
Singaporean 0 0 10
Taiwanese 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0
Vietnamese 10 0 0
East and Southeast Asian origins, n.i.e.Footnote 76 10 0 0
Other Asian origins 15 10 0
Other Asian origins, n.i.e.Footnote 77 10 0 10
Oceania origins 15 10 10
Australian 10 0 0
New Zealander 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins 10 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0
Hawaiian 0 0 0
Maori 0 0 0
Samoan 0 0 0
Polynesian, n.o.s.Footnote 78 0 0 0
Pacific Islands origins, n.i.e.Footnote 79 0 0 0
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degree for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 80 23,930 12,175 11,755
No certificate, diploma or degree 12,140 6,175 5,960
Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificateFootnote 81 3,615 1,830 1,785
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 8,175 4,170 4,010
Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma 1,840 1,450 385
Trades certificate or diploma other than Certificate of Apprenticeship or Certificate of QualificationFootnote 82 1,140 835 305
Certificate of Apprenticeship or Certificate of QualificationFootnote 83 695 615 80
College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma 3,585 1,530 2,050
University certificate or diploma below bachelor level 215 95 125
University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above 2,540 1,095 1,450
Bachelor's degree 1,680 710 970
University certificate or diploma above bachelor level 85 40 45
Degree in medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine or optometry 25 0 15
Master's degree 700 305 390
Earned doctorateFootnote 84 50 30 20
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2016 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 85 23,930 12,180 11,755
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 86 15,755 8,010 7,745
Education 1,005 290 715
13. Education 1,005 295 715
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 195 110 85
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 35 25 10
50. Visual and performing arts 160 80 75
Humanities 370 155 215
16. Aboriginal and foreign languages, literatures and linguistics 100 20 85
23. English language and literature/letters 60 10 45
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 80 35 40
30A Interdisciplinary humanitiesFootnote 87 0 0 0
38. Philosophy and religious studies 25 15 10
39. Theology and religious vocations 40 30 10
54. History 60 40 20
55. French language and literature/letters 0 0 0
Social and behavioural sciences and law 1,010 320 690
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 180 45 135
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 55 25 25
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 310 25 290
22. Legal professions and studies 130 60 70
30B Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciencesFootnote 88 30 10 25
42. Psychology 60 25 40
45. Social sciences 250 140 105
Business, management and public administration 1,655 555 1,105
30.16 Accounting and computer science 0 0 0
44. Public administration and social service professions 205 55 155
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 1,445 495 945
Physical and life sciences and technologies 210 110 105
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 70 30 40
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 70 30 40
30C Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciencesFootnote 89 0 0 0
40. Physical sciences 35 15 15
41. Science technologies/technicians 40 30 10
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 170 105 65
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 140 90 50
25. Library science 10 0 10
27. Mathematics and statistics 15 10 10
30D Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciencesFootnote 90 0 0 0
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 1,615 1,475 145
04. Architecture and related services 45 30 20
14. Engineering 105 90 20
15. Engineering technologies and engineering-related fields 310 260 55
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 0 0 0
46. Construction trades 710 680 35
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 370 350 15
48. Precision production 75 75 0
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 210 155 60
01. Agriculture, agriculture operations and related sciences 15 10 10
03. Natural resources and conservation 195 145 50
Health and related fields 750 195 560
31. Parks, recreation, leisure and fitness studies 105 70 40
51. Health professions and related programs 640 125 515
60. Dental, medical and veterinary residency programs 0 0 0
Personal, protective and transportation services 980 710 275
12. Personal and culinary services 315 110 205
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 0 10 0
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 10 0 0
43. Security and protective services 160 125 30
49. Transportation and materials moving 500 465 35
Other 0 10 0
30.99 Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other 0 0 0
Total - Location of study compared with province or territory of residence with countries outside Canada for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 91 23,935 12,175 11,755
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 15,750 8,005 7,745
Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 92 8,175 4,170 4,010
Location of study inside Canada 7,645 3,900 3,740
Same as province or territory of residence 3,330 1,485 1,845
Different than province or territory of residence 4,315 2,415 1,895
Location of study outside CanadaFootnote 93 535 270 265
United StatesFootnote 94 120 65 55
Philippines 130 50 85
India 25 15 10
United KingdomFootnote 95 70 40 30
ChinaFootnote 96 10 0 0
France 0 0 0
Other 180 105 80
Total - Population aged 15 years and over by Labour force status - 25% sample dataFootnote 97 23,935 12,180 11,755
In the labour force 16,340 8,515 7,820
Employed 12,825 6,425 6,395
Unemployed 3,515 2,090 1,425
Not in the labour force 7,595 3,660 3,935
Participation rate 68.3 69.9 66.5
Employment rate 53.6 52.8 54.4
Unemployment rate 21.5 24.5 18.2
Total population aged 15 years and over by work activity during the reference year - 25% sample dataFootnote 98 23,930 12,175 11,755
Did not workFootnote 99 7,415 3,595 3,815
Worked 16,515 8,580 7,940
Worked full year, full timeFootnote 100 7,755 4,035 3,720
Worked part year and/or part timeFootnote 101 8,755 4,540 4,215
Average weeks worked in reference year 38.0 37.6 38.4
Total labour force aged 15 years and over by class of worker - 25% sample dataFootnote 102 16,340 8,520 7,825
Class of worker - not applicableFootnote 103 1,390 740 650
All classes of workersFootnote 104 14,955 7,780 7,175
Employee 14,505 7,485 7,020
Self-employedFootnote 105 445 295 155
Total labour force population aged 15 years and over by occupation - National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2016 - 25% sample dataFootnote 106 16,340 8,515 7,820
Occupation - not applicableFootnote 107 1,390 735 650
All occupationsFootnote 108 14,955 7,780 7,175
0 Management occupations 1,395 850 550
1 Business, finance and administration occupations 2,200 610 1,590
2 Natural and applied sciences and related occupations 455 355 100
3 Health occupations 450 65 380
4 Occupations in education, law and social, community and government services 3,310 1,045 2,265
5 Occupations in art, culture, recreation and sport 570 285 285
6 Sales and service occupations 3,500 1,685 1,815
7 Trades, transport and equipment operators and related occupations 2,565 2,435 125
8 Natural resources, agriculture and related production occupations 300 280 15
9 Occupations in manufacturing and utilities 205 160 40
Total Labour Force population aged 15 years and over by Industry - North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) 2012 - 25% sample dataFootnote 109 16,340 8,520 7,825
Industry - NAICS2012 - not applicableFootnote 110 1,385 735 650
All industry categoriesFootnote 111 14,955 7,780 7,170
11 Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting 155 145 15
21 Mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction 600 445 160
22 Utilities 285 245 45
23 Construction 925 810 115
31-33 Manufacturing 150 95 50
41 Wholesale trade 105 80 25
44-45 Retail trade 1,720 835 885
48-49 Transportation and warehousing 795 625 170
51 Information and cultural industries 195 105 85
52 Finance and insurance 110 35 80
53 Real estate and rental and leasing 490 330 160
54 Professional, scientific and technical services 295 155 140
55 Management of companies and enterprises 10 0 10
56 Administrative and support, waste management and remediation services 385 250 135
61 Educational services 1,840 520 1,320
62 Health care and social assistance 1,245 215 1,030
71 Arts, entertainment and recreation 285 175 105
72 Accommodation and food services 560 215 345
81 Other services (except public administration) 460 250 205
91 Public administration 4,340 2,240 2,105
Total - Language used most often at work for the population in private households aged 15 years and over who worked since January 1, 2015 - 25% sample dataFootnote 112 16,995 8,780 8,220
English 12,145 6,430 5,715
French 75 40 35
Non-official language 4,500 2,165 2,330
English and French 15 10 10
English and non-official language 270 135 135
French and non-official language 0 0 0
English, French and non-official language 10 0 10

Symbol(s)

Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period

..

Symbol ...

not applicable

...

Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

x

Symbol F

too unreliable to be published

F

Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

'Admission category' refers to the name of the immigration program or group of programs under which an immigrant has been granted for the first time the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities.

'Applicant type' refers to whether an immigrant was identified as the 'principal applicant' or 'secondary applicant' on the application for permanent residence.'Secondary applicant' includes immigrants who were identified as the married spouse, the common-law or conjugal partner or the dependant of the principal applicant on the application for permanent residence.

'Immigrant' refers to a person who is, or who has ever been, a landed immigrant or permanent resident. Such a person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Immigrants who have obtained Canadian citizenship by naturalization are included in this group.

In the 2016 Census of Population, data on admission category and applicant type are available for immigrants who landed in Canada between January 1, 1980, and May 10, 2016.

For more information on immigration variables, including information on their classifications, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Place of Birth, Generation Status, Citizenship and Immigration Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

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Footnote 2

Immigrant status refers to whether the person is a non-immigrant, an immigrant or a non-permanent resident.

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained landed immigrant or permanent resident status.

For more information on immigration variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Place of Birth, Generation Status, Citizenship and Immigration Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

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Footnote 3

In households where there is at least one person living with a child and a grandchild.

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Footnote 4

In households that are not multigenerational where there is one census family with additional persons or more than one census family.

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Footnote 5

For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Marital status.

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Footnote 6

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2016, in relation to the place of residence on the same date one year earlier at the provincial level. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants, who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 7

Refers to the status of a person with regard to the place of residence on the reference day, May 10, 2016, in relation to the place of residence on the same date five years earlier at the provincial level. Persons who have not moved are referred to as non-movers and persons who have moved from one residence to another are referred to as movers. Movers include non-migrants and migrants. Non-migrants are persons who did move but remained in the same city, town, township, village or Indian reserve. Migrants include internal migrants, who moved to a different city, town, township, village or Indian reserve within Canada. External migrants include persons who lived outside Canada at the earlier reference date.

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Footnote 8

First official language spoken is specified within the framework of the Official Languages Act. It refers to the first official language (i.e., English or French) spoken by the person.

For more information on language variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Languages Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

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Footnote 9

The official language minority population of Quebec includes all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. The official language minority population of the country overall and of every province and territory other than Quebec includes individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

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Footnote 10

The official language minority population of Quebec includes all individuals with English as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French. The official language minority population of the country overall and of every province and territory other than Quebec includes individuals with French as a first official language spoken and half of those with both English and French.

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Footnote 11

Mother tongue refers to the first language learned at home in childhood and still understood by the person at the time the data was collected. If the person no longer understands the first language learned, the mother tongue is the second language learned. For a person who learned two languages at the same time in early childhood, the mother tongue is the language this person spoke most often at home before starting school. The person has two mother tongues only if the two languages were used equally often and are still understood by the person. For a child who has not yet learned to speak, the mother tongue is the language spoken most often to this child at home. The child has two mother tongues only if both languages are spoken equally often so that the child learns both languages at the same time.

For more information on language variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Languages Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

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Footnote 12

Language spoken most often at home refers to the language the person speaks most often at home at the time of data collection. A person can report more than one language as 'spoken most often at home' if the languages are spoken equally often. For a person who lives alone, the language spoken most often at home is the language in which he or she feels most comfortable. For a child who has not yet learned to speak, this is the language spoken most often to the child at home. Where two languages are spoken to the child, the language spoken most often at home is the language spoken most often. If both languages are used equally often, then both languages are included here.

For more information on language variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Languages Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

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Footnote 13

'Knowledge of official languages' refers to whether the person can conduct a conversation in English only, French only, in both or in neither language. For a child who has not yet learned to speak, this includes languages that the child is learning to speak at home.

'Knowledge of non-official languages' refers to whether the person can conduct a conversation in a language other than English or French. For a child who has not yet learned to speak, this includes languages that the child is learning to speak at home. The number of languages that can be reported may vary between surveys, depending on the objectives of the survey.

For more information on language variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Languages Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

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Footnote 14

Citizenship refers to the country where the person has citizenship. A person may have more than one citizenship. A person may be stateless, that is, they may have no citizenship. Citizenship can be by birth or naturalization.

For more information on citizenship variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Place of Birth, Generation Status, Citizenship and Immigration Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

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Footnote 15

'Canadian citizens' includes persons who are citizens of Canada only and persons who are citizens of Canada and at least one other country.

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Footnote 16

'Not Canadian citizens' includes persons who are not citizens of Canada. They may be citizens of one or more other countries. Persons who are stateless are included in this category.

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Footnote 17

'Age at immigration' refers to the age at which an immigrant first obtained landed immigrant or permanent resident status.

'Immigrant' refers to a person who is, or who has ever been, a landed immigrant or permanent resident. Such a person has been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Immigrants who have obtained Canadian citizenship by naturalization are included in this group. In the 2016 Census of Population, 'Immigrant' includes immigrants who landed in Canada on or prior to May 10, 2016.

For more information on immigration variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Place of Birth, Generation Status, Citizenship and Immigration Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

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Footnote 18

For more information on the place of birth variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Place of Birth, Generation Status, Citizenship and Immigration Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

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Footnote 19

The official name of United States is United States of America.

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Footnote 20

The official name of Bolivia is Plurinational State of Bolivia.

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Footnote 21

The official name of Venezuela is Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela.

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Footnote 22

The official name of Moldova is Republic of Moldova.

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Footnote 23

Ireland is also referred to as Republic of Ireland.

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Footnote 24

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 25

The official name of Kosovo is Republic of Kosovo.

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Footnote 26

Macedonia, Republic of: known as the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia by the United Nations and other international bodies.

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Footnote 27

Serbia excludes Kosovo.

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Footnote 28

The official name of Saint Helena is Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha.

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Footnote 29

The official name of Tanzania is United Republic of Tanzania.

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Footnote 30

The full name of Sudan is the Republic of the Sudan.

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Footnote 31

The official name of Iran is Islamic Republic of Iran.

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Footnote 32

The official name of Syria is Syrian Arab Republic.

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Footnote 33

West Bank and Gaza Strip (Palestine): West Bank and Gaza Strip are the territories referred to in the Declaration of Principles, signed by Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization in 1993. Palestine refers to pre-1948 British mandate Palestine.

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Footnote 34

China excludes Hong Kong and Macao.

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Footnote 35

The full name of Hong Kong is the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China.

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Footnote 36

The official name of North Korea is Democratic People's Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 37

The official name of South Korea is Republic of Korea.

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Footnote 38

The full name of Macao is Macao Special Administrative Region of China.

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Footnote 39

The official name of Laos is Lao People's Democratic Republic.

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Footnote 40

Includes other places of birth not included elsewhere, such as 'born at sea'.

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Footnote 41

Generation status refers to whether or not the person or the person's parents were born in Canada.

For more information on generation status variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Place of Birth, Generation Status, Citizenship and Immigration Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

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Footnote 42

'First generation' includes persons who were born outside Canada. For the most part, these are people who are now, or once were, immigrants to Canada.

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Footnote 43

'Second generation' includes persons who were born in Canada and had at least one parent born outside Canada. For the most part, these are the children of immigrants.

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Footnote 44

'Third generation or more' includes persons who were born in Canada with both parents born in Canada.

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Footnote 45

Visible minority refers to whether a person belongs to a visible minority group as defined by the Employment Equity Act and, if so, the visible minority group to which the person belongs. The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.' The visible minority population consists mainly of the following groups: South Asian, Chinese, Black, Filipino, Latin American, Arab, Southeast Asian, West Asian, Korean and Japanese.

For more information on the Visible minority variable, including information on its classification, the questions from which it is derived, data quality and its comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Visible Minority and Population Group Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

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Footnote 46

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 47

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan', etc.

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Footnote 48

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Laotian,' 'Thai,' etc.

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Footnote 49

For example, 'Afghan,' 'Iranian,' etc.

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Footnote 50

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes persons with a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 51

Includes persons who gave more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in responses, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 52

Includes persons who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal group question (Question 18), as well as persons who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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Footnote 53

This is a total population estimate. The sum of the ethnic groups in this table is greater than the total population estimate because a person may report more than one ethnic origin in the census.

'Ethnic origin' refers to the ethnic or cultural origins of the person's ancestors. An ancestor is usually more distant than a grandparent. For additional information on the collection and dissemination of ethnic origin data, refer to the Ethnic Origin Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

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Footnote 54

Includes general responses indicating North American origins (e.g., 'North American') as well as more specific responses indicating North American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maritimer').

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Footnote 55

Includes general responses indicating British Isles origins (e.g., 'British,' 'United Kingdom') as well as more specific responses indicating British Isles origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Celtic').

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Footnote 56

Includes general responses indicating Western European origins (e.g., 'Western European') as well as more specific responses indicating Western European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Liechtensteiner').

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Footnote 57

Includes general responses indicating Northern European origins (e.g., 'Northern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Northern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Faroese,' 'Scandinavian').

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Footnote 58

Includes responses of 'Czechoslovakian,' not otherwise specified.

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Footnote 59

Includes general responses indicating Eastern European origins (e.g., 'Eastern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Eastern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baltic').

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Footnote 60

Includes responses of 'Yugoslavian,' not otherwise specified.

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Footnote 61

Includes general responses indicating Southern European origins (e.g., 'Southern European') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Gibraltarian').

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Footnote 62

Includes responses of 'Slavic,' not otherwise specified.

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Footnote 63

Includes general responses indicating Other European origins (e.g., 'European') as well as more specific responses indicating European origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Central European').

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Footnote 64

Includes responses of 'West Indian,' not otherwise specified.

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Footnote 65

Includes general responses indicating Caribbean origins (e.g., 'Antilles,' 'Caribbean') as well as more specific responses indicating Caribbean origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Aruban').

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Footnote 66

Includes general responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins (e.g., 'South American') as well as more specific responses indicating Latin, Central or South American origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Surinamese').

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Footnote 67

Includes general responses indicating Central or West African origins (e.g., 'West African') as well as more specific responses indicating Central or West African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Luba,' 'Mossi').

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Footnote 68

Includes general responses indicating North African origins (e.g., 'North African') as well as more specific responses indicating North African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Maghreb').

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Footnote 69

Includes responses of 'Bantu,' not otherwise specified.

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Footnote 70

Includes general responses indicating Southern or East African origins (e.g., 'East African') as well as more specific responses indicating Southern or East African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Hutu,' 'Shona').

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Footnote 71

Includes responses of 'Black,' not otherwise specified.

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Footnote 72

Includes general responses indicating Other African origins (e.g., 'African') as well as more specific responses indicating Other African origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Saharan').

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Footnote 73

Includes responses of 'Arab,' not otherwise specified.

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Footnote 74

Includes general responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins (e.g., 'West Asian,' 'Middle Eastern') as well as more specific responses indicating West Asian, Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Baloch,' 'Circassian').

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Footnote 75

Includes general responses indicating South Asian origins (e.g., 'South Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating South Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Telugu').

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Footnote 76

Includes general responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins (e.g., 'Southeast Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating East and Southeast Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Bruneian').

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Footnote 77

Includes general responses indicating Other Asian origins (e.g., 'Asian') as well as more specific responses indicating Other Asian origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Eurasian').

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Footnote 78

Includes responses of 'Polynesian,' not otherwise specified.

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Footnote 79

Includes general responses indicating Pacific Islands origins (e.g., 'Pacific Islander') as well as more specific responses indicating Pacific Islands origins that have not been included elsewhere (e.g., 'Tahitian').

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Footnote 80

Highest certificate, diploma or degree is the classification used in the census to measure the broader concept of 'Educational attainment.'

This variable refers to the highest level of education that a person has successfully completed and is derived from the educational qualifications questions, which asked for all certificates, diplomas and degrees to be reported.

The general hierarchy used in deriving this variable (high school, trades, college, university) is loosely tied to the 'in-class' duration of the various types of education. At the detailed level, someone who has completed one type of certificate, diploma or degree will not necessarily have completed the credentials listed below it in the hierarchy. For example, a person with an apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma may not have completed a high school certificate or diploma, nor does an individual with a 'master's degree' necessarily have a 'certificate or diploma above bachelor level.' Although the hierarchy may not fit all programs perfectly, it gives a general measure of educational attainment.

This variable is reported for persons aged 15 years and over in private households.

Users are advised to consult data quality comments for 'Highest certificate, diploma or degree', available in the Education Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016, Catalogue no. 98-500-X2016013.

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Footnote 81

'Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate' includes only people who have this as their highest educational qualification. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 82

'Trades certificate or diploma other than Certificate of Apprenticeship or Certificate of Qualification' includes trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres and similar institutions.

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Footnote 83

'Certificate of Apprenticeship or Certificate of Qualification' also includes Journeyperson's designations.

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Footnote 84

'Earned doctorate' refers to persons who have completed a doctorate degree awarded by a university. This includes, for example, Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) and Doctor of Juridical Science (S.J.D.). It does not include honorary doctorates.

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Footnote 85

'Field of study' refers to the discipline or area of learning/training associated with a particular course or programme of study.

This variable refers to the predominant discipline or area of learning or training of a person's highest completed postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree, classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2016.

This 'Major field of study' variable can be used either independently or in conjunction with the 'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' variable. When the latter is used with 'Major field of study,' it should be noted that different fields of study will be more common for different types of postsecondary qualifications. At the detailed program level, some programs are only offered by certain types of institutions.

There was an explicit instruction in the questionnaire which instructed respondents to be as specific as possible in indicating a subfield or subcategory of specialization within a broad discipline or area of training.

This variable is reported for persons aged 15 years and over in private households.

This variable shows the 'Variant of CIP 2016 - Alternative primary groupings' CIP variant, with the hierarchy of the primary groupings and two-digit series. When a primary grouping contains more than one subseries from series '30. Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies,' these subseries are grouped together. An exception is made for '30.01 Biological and physical sciences' due to its large size. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2016: http://www.statcan.gc.ca/eng/concepts/classification.

For information on collection, classification and data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016, Catalogue no. 98-500-X2016013.

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Certain series and their subcomponents are not used when coding major field of study for the census. These are series 21, 32 to 37 and 53, which represent non-credit and personal improvement fields of study.

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Footnote 86

'No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes persons who have not completed an apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma; a college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma; or a university certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 87

'Interdisciplinary humanities' includes '30.13 Medieval and renaissance studies,' '30.21 Holocaust and related studies,' '30.22 Classical and ancient studies' and '30.29 Maritime studies.'

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Footnote 88

'Interdisciplinary social and behavioural sciences' includes '30.05 Peace studies and conflict resolution,' '30.10 Biopsychology,' '30.11 Gerontology,' '30.14 Museology/museum studies,' '30.15 Science, technology and society,' '30.17 Behavioural sciences,' '30.20 International/global studies,' '30.23 Intercultural/multicultural and diversity studies,' '30.25 Cognitive science,' '30.26 Cultural studies/critical theory and analysis,' '30.28 Dispute resolution,' '30.31 Human computer interaction' and '30.33 Sustainability studies.'

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Footnote 89

'Other interdisciplinary physical and life sciences' includes '30.18 Natural sciences,' '30.19 Nutrition sciences,' '30.27 Human biology' and '30.32 Marine sciences.'

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Footnote 90

'Interdisciplinary mathematics, computer and information sciences' includes '30.06 Systems science and theory,' '30.08 Mathematics and computer science' and '30.30 Computational science.'

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Footnote 91

'Location of study' refers to either:

- the province, territory or country of the institution from which a person obtained a certificate, diploma or degree, or;

- the province, territory or country of the institution that a person attended during a specified reference period, or for a specific level of education.

In both cases, location of study refers to the location of the institution granting the certificate, diploma or degree, not the location of the person at the time he or she obtained the qualification or was attending the institution. The geographic location is specified according to boundaries current at the time the data are collected, not the boundaries at the time of study.

This is a summary variable that indicates whether the 'Location of study' of the person's highest certificate, diploma or degree was the same province or territory where the person lived at the time of the 2016 Census of Population, a different Canadian province or territory, or outside Canada. This variable is derived from 'Location of study' and 'Province or territory of current residence.' It only applies to individuals who had completed a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

'Location of study outside Canada' may be further sub-classified using the Standard Classification of Countries and Areas of Interest (SCCAI). When using the SCCAI for this sub-classification, the class 'Canada' is not used.

This variable is reported for persons aged 15 years and over in private households.

For information on collection, classification and data quality for 'Location of study compared with province or territory of residence,' refer to the Education Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016, Catalogue no. 98-500-X2016013.

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Footnote 92

'Postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree' includes 'apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma,' 'college, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma' and university certificates, diplomas and degrees.

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Footnote 93

Refers to all locations of study outside Canada, including the six locations outside Canada most often reported at the national level. These will not necessarily be the top six countries for other geographies.

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Footnote 94

The official name of United States is United States of America.

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Footnote 95

The official name of United Kingdom is United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. United Kingdom includes Scotland, Wales, England and Northern Ireland (excludes Isle of Man, the Channel Islands and British Overseas Territories).

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Footnote 96

China excludes Hong Kong and Macao.

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Footnote 97

Refers to whether a person aged 15 years and over was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2016.

Early enumeration was conducted in remote, isolated parts of the provinces and territories. When enumeration has taken place before May 2016, the reference date used is the date on which the household was enumerated.

In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

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Footnote 98

Refers to the number of weeks in which a person aged 15 years and over worked for pay or in self-employment in 2015 at all jobs held, even if only for a few hours, and whether these weeks were mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) or mostly part time (less than 30 hours per week).

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Footnote 99

Includes persons aged 15 years and over who never worked, persons who worked prior to 2015 and persons who worked in 2016, but not in 2015.

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Footnote 100

Includes persons aged 15 years and over who worked full year (49 weeks and over) and mostly full time (30 hours or more per week) in 2015.

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Footnote 101

Includes persons aged 15 years and over who worked full year mostly part time or part year mostly full time or part year mostly part time in 2015. Part year is less than 49 weeks and part time is less than 30 hours per week.

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Footnote 102

Class of worker refers to whether a person aged 15 years and over is an employee or is self-employed.

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Footnote 103

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment, or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2015.

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Footnote 104

Includes the experienced labour force which refers to persons aged 15 years and over who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2016, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2015 or 2016.

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Footnote 105

Includes persons aged 15 years and over with or without an incorporated business with paid help or without paid help, as well as unpaid family workers.

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Footnote 106

Refers to the kind of work performed by persons aged 15 years and over as determined by their kind of work and the description of the main activities in their job. The occupation data are produced according to the NOC 2016.

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Footnote 107

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment, or who had last worked prior to January 1, 2015.

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Footnote 108

Includes the experienced labour force which refers to persons aged 15 years and over who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday May 7, 2016 were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2015 or 2016.

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Footnote 109

Refers to the general nature of the business carried out in the establishment where the person worked. The data are produced according to the NAICS 2012.

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Footnote 110

Includes unemployed persons aged 15 years and over who have never worked for pay or in self-employment or who last worked prior to January 1, 2015.

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Footnote 111

Includes the experienced labour force which refers to persons aged 15 years and over who, during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday May 7, 2016, were employed and the unemployed who had last worked for pay or in self-employment in either 2015 or 2016.

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Footnote 112

Language used most often at work refers to the language the person uses most often at work. A person can report more than one language as 'used most often at work' if the languages are used equally often.

For more information on language variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Languages Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016203.

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