Data tables, 2016 Census

Major Field of Study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2016 (432), Labour Force Status (8), Highest Certificate, Diploma or Degree (15), Age (9) and Sex (3) for the Population Aged 15 Years and Over in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories and Economic Regions, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data

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This table details major field of study - classification of instructional programs 2016 , labour force status , highest certificate, diploma or degree , age and sex for the population aged 15 years and over in private households in Canada
Data quality
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2016 (432) Labour force status (8)
Total - Labour force statusFootnote 2 In the labour force Employed Unemployed Not in the labour force Participation rate Employment rate Unemployment rate
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2016Footnote 3 28,643,020 18,672,470 17,230,040 1,442,435 9,970,545 65.2 60.2 7.7
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 12,815,980 6,825,825 6,098,850 726,980 5,990,155 53.3 47.6 10.7
Education 1,060,095 678,915 656,940 21,980 381,175 64.0 62.0 3.2
13. Education 1,060,095 678,915 656,940 21,975 381,180 64.0 62.0 3.2
13.01 Education, general 626,450 377,010 365,365 11,645 249,440 60.2 58.3 3.1
13.02 Bilingual, multilingual and multicultural education 865 625 575 50 245 72.3 66.5 8.0
13.03 Curriculum and instruction 3,220 2,080 2,010 70 1,140 64.6 62.4 3.4
13.04 Educational administration and supervision 22,290 13,320 12,945 375 8,970 59.8 58.1 2.8
13.05 Educational/instructional media design 2,850 2,150 2,065 85 700 75.4 72.5 4.0
13.06 Educational assessment, evaluation and research 850 530 500 30 320 62.4 58.8 5.7
13.07 International and comparative education 280 195 185 10 85 69.6 66.1 5.1
13.09 Social and philosophical foundations of education 660 395 380 20 265 59.8 57.6 5.1
13.10 Special education and teaching 56,480 42,870 41,965 905 13,610 75.9 74.3 2.1
13.11 Student counselling and personnel services 14,515 10,460 9,995 465 4,060 72.1 68.9 4.4
13.12 Teacher education and professional development, specific levels and methods 112,840 73,135 70,575 2,560 39,705 64.8 62.5 3.5
13.13 Teacher education and professional development, specific subject areas 174,505 123,065 118,850 4,215 51,440 70.5 68.1 3.4
13.14 Teaching English or French as a second or foreign language 8,575 6,445 6,095 345 2,130 75.2 71.1 5.4
13.15 Teaching assistants/aides 31,075 25,030 24,005 1,025 6,045 80.5 77.2 4.1
13.99 Education, other 4,645 1,615 1,435 180 3,030 34.8 30.9 11.1
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 596,235 466,785 435,155 31,625 129,450 78.3 73.0 6.8
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 99,020 76,370 70,910 5,460 22,650 77.1 71.6 7.1
10.01 Communications technology/technician 2,615 1,675 1,540 135 945 64.1 58.9 8.1
10.02 Audiovisual communications technologies/technicians 42,925 37,015 34,610 2,405 5,910 86.2 80.6 6.5
10.03 Graphic communications 50,230 36,015 33,175 2,835 14,210 71.7 66.0 7.9
10.99 Communications technologies/technicians and support services, other 3,255 1,670 1,585 85 1,580 51.3 48.7 5.1
50. Visual and performing arts 497,210 390,410 364,245 26,165 106,800 78.5 73.3 6.7
50.01 Visual, digital and performing arts, general 18,775 14,965 13,740 1,220 3,805 79.7 73.2 8.2
50.02 Crafts/craft design, folk art and artisanry 1,300 755 695 65 545 58.1 53.5 8.6
50.03 Dance 6,185 5,020 4,775 245 1,165 81.2 77.2 4.9
50.04 Design and applied arts 180,605 143,565 134,145 9,415 37,035 79.5 74.3 6.6
50.05 Drama/theatre arts and stagecraft 37,880 32,470 30,355 2,115 5,405 85.7 80.1 6.5
50.06 Film/video and photographic arts 56,510 47,480 43,925 3,550 9,030 84.0 77.7 7.5
50.07 Fine arts and art studies 121,960 88,860 82,330 6,530 33,105 72.9 67.5 7.3
50.09 Music 70,510 54,205 51,390 2,820 16,310 76.9 72.9 5.2
50.10 Arts, entertainment, and media management 3,045 2,665 2,495 170 380 87.5 81.9 6.4
50.99 Visual and performing arts, other 445 420 395 30 25 94.4 88.8 7.1
Humanities 850,840 599,590 559,735 39,860 251,245 70.5 65.8 6.6
16. Aboriginal and foreign languages, literatures and linguistics 98,005 66,760 62,055 4,700 31,240 68.1 63.3 7.0
16.01 Linguistic, comparative and related language studies and services 64,555 46,570 43,360 3,215 17,985 72.1 67.2 6.9
16.02 African languages, literatures and linguistics 25 20 20 0 10 80.0 80.0 0
16.03 East Asian languages, literatures and linguistics 7,110 3,500 3,190 315 3,615 49.2 44.9 9.0
16.04 Slavic, Baltic and Albanian languages, literatures and linguistics 2,140 1,185 1,120 65 955 55.4 52.3 5.5
16.05 Germanic languages, literatures and linguistics 3,595 2,160 2,015 145 1,435 60.1 56.1 6.7
16.06 Modern Greek language and literature 75 45 45 0 25 60.0 60.0 0
16.07 South Asian languages, literatures and linguistics 4,320 2,670 2,430 240 1,645 61.8 56.2 9.0
16.08 Iranian languages, literatures and linguistics 350 165 140 25 185 47.1 40.0 15.2
16.09 Romance languages, literatures and linguistics 5,360 3,540 3,295 245 1,815 66.0 61.5 6.9
16.10 Aboriginal languages, literatures and linguistics 370 245 225 20 125 66.2 60.8 8.2
16.11 Middle/Near Eastern and Semitic languages, literatures and linguistics 1,200 540 500 40 665 45.0 41.7 7.4
16.12 Classics and classical languages, literatures and linguistics 3,140 2,045 1,920 125 1,090 65.1 61.1 6.1
16.13 Celtic languages, literatures and linguistics 15 10 10 0 10 66.7 66.7 0
16.14 Southeast Asian and Australasian/Pacific languages, literatures and linguistics 145 105 100 0 40 72.4 69.0 0
16.15 Turkic, Uralic-Altaic, Caucasian and Central Asian languages, literatures and linguistics 135 85 65 20 50 63.0 48.1 23.5
16.16 Sign language 2,295 1,845 1,785 60 445 80.4 77.8 3.3
16.17 Second language learning 2,305 1,480 1,355 125 825 64.2 58.8 8.4
16.99 Aboriginal and foreign languages, literatures and linguistics, other 860 530 480 55 330 61.6 55.8 10.4
23. English language and literature/letters 178,595 124,330 116,090 8,245 54,260 69.6 65.0 6.6
23.01 English language and literature, general 118,620 83,285 77,745 5,545 35,330 70.2 65.5 6.7
23.13 English rhetoric and composition/writing studies 6,665 5,400 5,020 380 1,265 81.0 75.3 7.0
23.14 English literature 52,455 35,205 32,930 2,280 17,245 67.1 62.8 6.5
23.99 English language and literature/letters, other 855 435 395 40 420 50.9 46.2 9.2
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 275,525 199,670 185,095 14,575 75,855 72.5 67.2 7.3
24.01 Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 275,525 199,675 185,095 14,580 75,850 72.5 67.2 7.3
30.13 Medieval and renaissance studies 735 535 500 35 200 72.8 68.0 6.5
30.21 Holocaust and related studies 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
30.22 Classical and ancient studies 3,200 2,380 2,185 195 820 74.4 68.3 8.2
30.29 Maritime studies 230 175 165 10 55 76.1 71.7 5.7
38. Philosophy and religious studies 51,930 36,385 33,875 2,510 15,545 70.1 65.2 6.9
38.00 Philosophy and religious studies, general 1,040 745 695 55 295 71.6 66.8 7.4
38.01 Philosophy, logic and ethics 32,390 23,250 21,470 1,780 9,135 71.8 66.3 7.7
38.02 Religion/religious studies 18,165 12,145 11,485 665 6,025 66.9 63.2 5.5
38.99 Philosophy and religious studies, other 335 245 235 15 90 73.1 70.1 6.1
39. Theology and religious vocations 77,490 53,040 50,460 2,575 24,445 68.4 65.1 4.9
39.02 Bible/Biblical studies 10,940 7,680 7,180 490 3,265 70.2 65.6 6.4
39.03 Missions/missionary studies and missiology 780 515 485 35 265 66.0 62.2 6.8
39.04 Religious education 7,895 4,955 4,795 165 2,940 62.8 60.7 3.3
39.05 Religious/sacred music 650 520 480 45 130 80.0 73.8 8.7
39.06 Theological and ministerial studies 51,295 35,440 33,820 1,620 15,850 69.1 65.9 4.6
39.07 Pastoral counselling and specialized ministries 5,185 3,410 3,205 205 1,770 65.8 61.8 6.0
39.99 Theology and religious vocations, other 745 520 500 20 225 69.8 67.1 3.8
54. History 111,460 80,830 75,930 4,905 30,630 72.5 68.1 6.1
54.01 History 111,465 80,835 75,930 4,905 30,635 72.5 68.1 6.1
55. French language and literature/letters 53,680 35,480 33,375 2,105 18,200 66.1 62.2 5.9
55.01 French language and literature, general 33,880 21,630 20,350 1,270 12,250 63.8 60.1 5.9
55.13 French rhetoric and composition/writing studies 2,305 1,775 1,690 85 530 77.0 73.3 4.8
55.14 French literature 17,230 11,945 11,210 740 5,285 69.3 65.1 6.2
55.99 French language and literature/letters, other 265 135 125 10 130 50.9 47.2 7.4
Social and behavioural sciences and law 1,761,900 1,381,235 1,300,595 80,645 380,665 78.4 73.8 5.8
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 24,685 19,020 17,620 1,395 5,665 77.1 71.4 7.3
05.01 Area studies 13,825 10,460 9,775 680 3,365 75.7 70.7 6.5
05.02 Ethnic, cultural minority, gender, and group studies 10,610 8,355 7,660 695 2,250 78.7 72.2 8.3
05.99 Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies, other 245 205 185 20 40 83.7 75.5 9.8
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 182,275 154,885 144,960 9,920 27,390 85.0 79.5 6.4
09.01 Communication and media studies 88,095 76,220 71,485 4,735 11,875 86.5 81.1 6.2
09.04 Journalism 42,020 34,225 31,985 2,240 7,795 81.4 76.1 6.5
09.07 Radio, television and digital communication 13,695 11,300 10,450 850 2,400 82.5 76.3 7.5
09.09 Public relations, advertising and applied communication 35,150 30,420 28,545 1,875 4,735 86.5 81.2 6.2
09.10 Publishing 1,560 1,240 1,140 100 325 79.5 73.1 8.1
09.99 Communication, journalism and related programs, other 1,745 1,485 1,360 120 270 85.1 77.9 8.1
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 324,660 244,535 231,830 12,700 80,125 75.3 71.4 5.2
19.00 Work and family studies 4,530 3,280 3,100 185 1,245 72.4 68.4 5.6
19.01 Family and consumer sciences/human sciences, general 17,645 7,780 7,320 465 9,860 44.1 41.5 6.0
19.02 Family and consumer sciences/human sciences business services 2,090 1,745 1,675 65 345 83.5 80.1 3.7
19.04 Family and consumer economics and related services 125 80 80 10 45 64.0 64.0 12.5
19.05 Foods, nutrition and related services 32,890 25,470 24,050 1,420 7,420 77.4 73.1 5.6
19.06 Housing and human environments 10,855 8,220 7,690 530 2,640 75.7 70.8 6.4
19.07 Human development, family studies and related services 224,575 182,670 173,705 8,960 41,905 81.3 77.3 4.9
19.09 Apparel and textiles 31,320 14,995 13,965 1,030 16,325 47.9 44.6 6.9
19.99 Family and consumer sciences/human sciences, other 625 295 250 45 335 47.2 40.0 15.3
22. Legal professions and studies 289,595 230,650 218,595 12,055 58,955 79.6 75.5 5.2
22.00 Non-professional general legal studies (undergraduate) 7,740 6,600 6,165 440 1,145 85.3 79.7 6.7
22.01 Law (LLB, JD, BCL) 137,130 108,700 103,605 5,095 28,430 79.3 75.6 4.7
22.02 Legal research and advanced professional studies (post-LLB/JD) 31,490 25,335 24,000 1,330 6,155 80.5 76.2 5.2
22.03 Legal support services 112,655 89,675 84,485 5,185 22,985 79.6 75.0 5.8
22.99 Legal professions and studies, other 580 345 340 10 240 59.5 58.6 2.9
30.05 Peace studies and conflict resolution 2,595 2,260 2,115 140 340 87.1 81.5 6.2
30.10 Biopsychology 2,725 2,280 2,100 185 440 83.7 77.1 8.1
30.11 Gerontology 11,045 7,300 6,935 365 3,745 66.1 62.8 5.0
30.14 Museology/museum studies 2,735 2,250 2,110 145 485 82.3 77.1 6.4
30.15 Science, technology and society 155 125 115 10 30 80.6 74.2 8.0
30.17 Behavioural sciences 3,510 2,760 2,610 150 750 78.6 74.4 5.4
30.20 International/global studies 5,575 4,710 4,260 445 870 84.5 76.4 9.4
30.23 Intercultural/multicultural and diversity studies 965 815 790 25 150 84.5 81.9 3.1
30.25 Cognitive science 1,175 970 895 80 205 82.6 76.2 8.2
30.26 Cultural studies/critical theory and analysis 2,130 1,735 1,565 165 395 81.5 73.5 9.5
30.28 Dispute resolution 1,015 775 730 50 240 76.4 71.9 6.5
30.31 Human computer interaction 195 175 165 10 15 89.7 84.6 5.7
30.33 Sustainability studies 1,630 1,440 1,275 170 195 88.3 78.2 11.8
42. Psychology 281,465 215,935 204,040 11,895 65,530 76.7 72.5 5.5
42.01 Psychology, general 224,125 171,725 161,810 9,915 52,395 76.6 72.2 5.8
42.27 Research and experimental psychology 17,160 12,065 11,280 780 5,090 70.3 65.7 6.5
42.28 Clinical, counselling and applied psychology 38,590 30,795 29,675 1,120 7,790 79.8 76.9 3.6
42.99 Psychology, other 1,595 1,350 1,270 75 250 84.6 79.6 5.6
45. Social sciences 623,775 488,630 457,900 30,730 135,145 78.3 73.4 6.3
45.01 Social sciences, general 47,545 36,415 33,840 2,575 11,125 76.6 71.2 7.1
45.02 Anthropology 27,425 21,155 19,695 1,460 6,270 77.1 71.8 6.9
45.03 Archaeology 5,655 4,425 4,015 410 1,230 78.2 71.0 9.3
45.04 Criminology 51,820 45,620 43,420 2,195 6,200 88.0 83.8 4.8
45.05 Demography and population studies 915 645 585 60 270 70.5 63.9 9.3
45.06 Economics 180,655 136,720 127,880 8,835 43,935 75.7 70.8 6.5
45.07 Geography and cartography 72,710 56,435 53,310 3,125 16,275 77.6 73.3 5.5
45.09 International relations and national security studies 14,185 11,780 10,830 955 2,405 83.0 76.3 8.1
45.10 Political science and government 113,935 91,445 85,265 6,180 22,485 80.3 74.8 6.8
45.11 Sociology 101,645 77,985 73,490 4,495 23,655 76.7 72.3 5.8
45.12 Urban studies/affairs 2,355 1,990 1,885 110 360 84.5 80.0 5.5
45.13 Sociology and anthropology 3,010 2,345 2,220 130 665 77.9 73.8 5.5
45.14 Rural sociology 25 0 0 0 15 0 0 0
45.99 Social sciences, other 1,905 1,655 1,465 190 250 86.9 76.9 11.5
Business, management and public administration 3,360,045 2,554,850 2,410,475 144,370 805,200 76.0 71.7 5.7
30.16 Accounting and computer science 6,190 4,295 4,000 300 1,890 69.4 64.6 7.0
44. Public administration and social service professions 237,835 184,110 174,165 9,945 53,720 77.4 73.2 5.4
44.00 Human services, general 46,260 35,740 33,345 2,395 10,520 77.3 72.1 6.7
44.02 Community organization and advocacy 235 170 160 10 70 72.3 68.1 5.9
44.04 Public administration 31,750 23,665 22,395 1,265 8,090 74.5 70.5 5.3
44.05 Public policy analysis 4,315 3,670 3,425 240 645 85.1 79.4 6.5
44.07 Social work 153,490 119,735 113,830 5,905 33,755 78.0 74.2 4.9
44.99 Public administration and social service professions, other 1,785 1,135 1,010 130 650 63.6 56.6 11.5
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 3,116,025 2,366,440 2,232,310 134,130 749,585 75.9 71.6 5.7
52.01 Business/commerce, general 507,845 395,115 374,980 20,130 112,735 77.8 73.8 5.1
52.02 Business administration, management and operations 707,210 566,460 533,000 33,455 140,755 80.1 75.4 5.9
52.03 Accounting and related services 598,605 449,965 425,460 24,510 148,640 75.2 71.1 5.4
52.04 Business operations support and assistant services 435,350 251,880 236,000 15,875 183,470 57.9 54.2 6.3
52.05 Business/corporate communications 2,860 2,510 2,375 135 350 87.8 83.0 5.4
52.06 Business/managerial economics 19,685 15,655 14,575 1,085 4,030 79.5 74.0 6.9
52.07 Entrepreneurial and small business operations 10,450 8,520 7,805 715 1,925 81.5 74.7 8.4
52.08 Finance and financial management services 186,505 148,055 139,865 8,195 38,445 79.4 75.0 5.5
52.09 Hospitality administration/management 114,005 95,595 89,955 5,640 18,410 83.9 78.9 5.9
52.10 Human resources management and services 116,550 95,510 89,885 5,625 21,040 81.9 77.1 5.9
52.11 International business/trade/commerce 24,735 20,055 18,275 1,785 4,680 81.1 73.9 8.9
52.12 Management information systems and services 17,630 15,320 14,360 960 2,310 86.9 81.5 6.3
52.13 Management sciences and quantitative methods 12,995 11,315 10,780 535 1,680 87.1 83.0 4.7
52.14 Marketing 135,360 116,405 109,840 6,570 18,955 86.0 81.1 5.6
52.15 Real estate 60,140 43,230 41,505 1,730 16,910 71.9 69.0 4.0
52.16 Taxation 3,835 3,295 3,200 95 540 85.9 83.4 2.9
52.17 Insurance 40,455 29,925 28,735 1,190 10,530 74.0 71.0 4.0
52.18 General sales, merchandising and related marketing operations 33,595 24,905 23,445 1,460 8,685 74.1 69.8 5.9
52.19 Specialized sales, merchandising and marketing operations 79,700 65,550 61,610 3,935 14,150 82.2 77.3 6.0
52.20 Construction management 6,825 5,845 5,480 365 985 85.6 80.3 6.2
52.21 Telecommunications management 255 215 210 0 40 84.3 82.4 0
52.99 Business, management, marketing and related support services, other 1,430 1,120 975 140 315 78.3 68.2 12.5
Physical and life sciences and technologies 614,285 450,340 417,820 32,515 163,945 73.3 68.0 7.2
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 249,960 191,755 178,930 12,830 58,200 76.7 71.6 6.7
26.01 Biology, general 106,190 81,050 75,225 5,830 25,145 76.3 70.8 7.2
26.02 Biochemistry/biophysics and molecular biology 40,305 30,990 29,040 1,950 9,320 76.9 72.1 6.3
26.03 Botany/plant biology 7,230 4,890 4,555 340 2,340 67.6 63.0 7.0
26.04 Cell/cellular biology and anatomical sciences 5,570 4,410 4,160 250 1,160 79.2 74.7 5.7
26.05 Microbiological sciences and immunology 22,130 16,700 15,630 1,070 5,430 75.5 70.6 6.4
26.07 Zoology/animal biology 11,550 8,215 7,700 515 3,335 71.1 66.7 6.3
26.08 Genetics 5,420 4,225 4,030 200 1,200 78.0 74.4 4.7
26.09 Physiology, pathology and related sciences 9,635 7,315 6,965 345 2,320 75.9 72.3 4.7
26.10 Pharmacology and toxicology 7,510 5,970 5,615 355 1,535 79.5 74.8 5.9
26.11 Biomathematics, bioinformatics, and computational biology 1,575 1,265 1,135 135 310 80.3 72.1 10.7
26.12 Biotechnology 8,110 6,750 6,205 545 1,360 83.2 76.5 8.1
26.13 Ecology, evolution, systematics and population biology 15,805 12,945 12,145 795 2,860 81.9 76.8 6.1
26.14 Molecular medicine 110 90 90 0 20 81.8 81.8 0
26.15 Neurobiology and neurosciences 8,780 6,925 6,430 495 1,860 78.9 73.2 7.1
26.99 Biological and biomedical sciences, other 25 15 10 10 10 60.0 40.0 66.7
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 125,595 91,430 85,180 6,245 34,170 72.8 67.8 6.8
30.18 Natural sciences 22,605 15,015 12,880 2,140 7,590 66.4 57.0 14.3
30.19 Nutrition sciences 3,345 2,735 2,590 145 610 81.8 77.4 5.3
30.27 Human biology 1,845 1,530 1,405 125 315 82.9 76.2 8.2
30.32 Marine sciences 360 270 230 40 90 75.0 63.9 14.8
40. Physical sciences 179,300 127,190 117,455 9,740 52,105 70.9 65.5 7.7
40.01 Physical sciences, general 11,245 8,625 7,940 685 2,625 76.7 70.6 7.9
40.02 Astronomy and astrophysics 2,045 1,620 1,550 70 425 79.2 75.8 4.3
40.04 Atmospheric sciences and meteorology 3,075 1,865 1,735 125 1,210 60.7 56.4 6.7
40.05 Chemistry 74,040 51,015 47,640 3,375 23,030 68.9 64.3 6.6
40.06 Geological and Earth sciences/geosciences 41,560 31,155 27,830 3,330 10,400 75.0 67.0 10.7
40.08 Physics 40,170 27,935 26,075 1,860 12,230 69.5 64.9 6.7
40.10 Materials sciences 1,985 1,550 1,435 115 435 78.1 72.3 7.4
40.99 Physical sciences, other 5,190 3,425 3,245 185 1,765 66.0 62.5 5.4
41. Science technologies/technicians 31,270 20,410 19,155 1,260 10,860 65.3 61.3 6.2
41.00 Science technologies/technicians, general 14,710 9,070 8,660 410 5,645 61.7 58.9 4.5
41.01 Biology technician/biotechnology laboratory technician 2,340 1,720 1,570 150 620 73.5 67.1 8.7
41.02 Nuclear and industrial radiologic technologies/technicians 725 445 410 40 280 61.4 56.6 9.0
41.03 Physical science technologies/technicians 12,915 8,740 8,115 625 4,175 67.7 62.8 7.2
41.99 Science technologies/technicians, other 580 435 405 35 145 75.0 69.8 8.0
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 651,480 526,810 494,800 32,010 124,670 80.9 76.0 6.1
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 514,685 432,390 405,755 26,635 82,290 84.0 78.8 6.2
11.01 Computer and information sciences and support services, general 130,495 108,400 101,270 7,125 22,100 83.1 77.6 6.6
11.02 Computer programming 55,455 44,615 41,715 2,900 10,845 80.5 75.2 6.5
11.03 Data processing and data processing technology/technician 4,775 3,170 3,005 160 1,610 66.4 62.9 5.0
11.04 Information science/studies 3,280 2,725 2,605 120 555 83.1 79.4 4.4
11.05 Computer systems analysis/analyst 15,850 13,265 12,445 815 2,585 83.7 78.5 6.1
11.06 Data entry/microcomputer applications 12,925 8,375 7,650 725 4,550 64.8 59.2 8.7
11.07 Computer science 221,205 190,935 180,945 9,990 30,265 86.3 81.8 5.2
11.08 Computer software and media applications 22,740 19,690 18,150 1,545 3,050 86.6 79.8 7.8
11.09 Computer systems networking and telecommunications 600 540 495 45 60 90.0 82.5 8.3
11.10 Computer/information technology administration and management 39,715 34,380 31,640 2,740 5,330 86.6 79.7 8.0
11.99 Computer and information sciences and support services, other 7,640 6,300 5,830 465 1,340 82.5 76.3 7.4
25. Library science 40,815 25,825 24,595 1,235 14,990 63.3 60.3 4.8
25.01 Library science and administration 24,280 15,350 14,690 665 8,930 63.2 60.5 4.3
25.03 Library and archives assisting 16,385 10,375 9,805 570 6,005 63.3 59.8 5.5
25.99 Library science, other 155 100 100 0 60 64.5 64.5 0
27. Mathematics and statistics 86,655 61,315 57,465 3,850 25,340 70.8 66.3 6.3
27.01 Mathematics 65,465 44,855 42,220 2,635 20,605 68.5 64.5 5.9
27.03 Applied mathematics 7,575 5,895 5,430 460 1,685 77.8 71.7 7.8
27.05 Statistics 13,570 10,545 9,800 745 3,030 77.7 72.2 7.1
27.99 Mathematics and statistics, other 45 15 15 0 20 33.3 33.3 0
30.06 Systems science and theory 220 180 175 0 40 81.8 79.5 0
30.08 Mathematics and computer science 8,830 6,875 6,590 280 1,960 77.9 74.6 4.1
30.30 Computational science 270 225 220 0 45 83.3 81.5 0
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 3,327,400 2,512,055 2,323,205 188,855 815,345 75.5 69.8 7.5
04. Architecture and related services 114,315 93,250 87,810 5,445 21,065 81.6 76.8 5.8
04.02 Architecture (BArch, BA, BS, BSc, MArch, MA, MS, MSc, PhD) 46,045 36,220 33,945 2,280 9,820 78.7 73.7 6.3
04.03 City/urban, community and regional planning 22,515 18,615 17,565 1,055 3,905 82.7 78.0 5.7
04.04 Environmental design/architecture 3,165 2,720 2,510 205 450 85.9 79.3 7.5
04.05 Interior architecture 855 640 580 60 215 74.9 67.8 9.4
04.06 Landscape architecture (BS, BSc, BSLA, BLA, MSLA, MLA, PhD) 4,785 4,075 3,900 175 710 85.2 81.5 4.3
04.08 Architectural history and criticism 200 160 135 25 40 80.0 67.5 15.6
04.09 Architectural sciences and technology 35,700 30,015 28,395 1,620 5,685 84.1 79.5 5.4
04.10 Real estate development 170 140 135 10 25 82.4 79.4 7.1
04.99 Architecture and related services, other 885 670 645 25 220 75.7 72.9 3.7
14. Engineering 752,465 597,525 556,200 41,330 154,940 79.4 73.9 6.9
14.01 Engineering, general 154,185 121,985 115,425 6,555 32,200 79.1 74.9 5.4
14.02 Aerospace, aeronautical and astronautical/space engineering 10,375 8,480 7,935 550 1,890 81.7 76.5 6.5
14.03 Agricultural engineering 5,950 4,480 4,060 420 1,470 75.3 68.2 9.4
14.04 Architectural engineering 1,835 1,270 1,125 145 560 69.2 61.3 11.4
14.05 Bioengineering and biomedical engineering 5,285 4,260 3,870 395 1,025 80.6 73.2 9.3
14.06 Ceramic sciences and engineering 125 95 85 10 35 76.0 68.0 10.5
14.07 Chemical engineering 40,755 30,860 28,055 2,800 9,900 75.7 68.8 9.1
14.08 Civil engineering 96,365 73,660 67,920 5,735 22,710 76.4 70.5 7.8
14.09 Computer engineering 48,740 43,520 40,950 2,570 5,225 89.3 84.0 5.9
14.10 Electrical, electronics and communications engineering 148,165 117,800 109,925 7,880 30,355 79.5 74.2 6.7
14.11 Engineering mechanics 455 325 300 25 130 71.4 65.9 7.7
14.12 Engineering physics/applied physics 4,800 3,740 3,495 245 1,065 77.9 72.8 6.6
14.13 Engineering science 1,325 990 960 25 330 74.7 72.5 2.5
14.14 Environmental/environmental health engineering 6,965 5,775 5,230 545 1,190 82.9 75.1 9.4
14.18 Materials engineering 3,975 3,185 2,940 240 790 80.1 74.0 7.5
14.19 Mechanical engineering 118,355 95,190 88,495 6,700 23,160 80.4 74.8 7.0
14.20 Metallurgical engineering 3,645 2,390 2,205 185 1,250 65.6 60.5 7.7
14.21 Mining and mineral engineering 7,330 5,210 4,725 485 2,125 71.1 64.5 9.3
14.22 Naval architecture and marine engineering 4,270 3,315 3,140 170 955 77.6 73.5 5.1
14.23 Nuclear engineering 1,285 1,010 930 75 280 78.6 72.4 7.4
14.24 Ocean engineering 165 140 125 10 25 84.8 75.8 7.1
14.25 Petroleum engineering 6,595 5,180 4,425 755 1,415 78.5 67.1 14.6
14.27 Systems engineering 3,115 2,710 2,530 185 405 87.0 81.2 6.8
14.28 Textile sciences and engineering 1,400 885 830 55 515 63.2 59.3 6.2
14.32 Polymer/plastics engineering 645 520 485 30 130 80.6 75.2 5.8
14.33 Construction engineering 9,390 7,460 6,875 590 1,925 79.4 73.2 7.9
14.34 Forest engineering 2,705 1,900 1,835 65 805 70.2 67.8 3.4
14.35 Industrial engineering 20,620 17,085 15,825 1,260 3,540 82.9 76.7 7.4
14.36 Manufacturing engineering 3,190 2,790 2,645 150 405 87.5 82.9 5.4
14.37 Operations research 1,225 940 905 35 290 76.7 73.9 3.7
14.38 Surveying engineering 5,015 3,840 3,625 215 1,180 76.6 72.3 5.6
14.39 Geological/geophysical engineering 3,565 2,640 2,450 185 925 74.1 68.7 7.0
14.40 Paper science and engineering 115 75 70 0 35 65.2 60.9 0
14.41 Electromechanical engineering 1,910 1,460 1,365 95 450 76.4 71.5 6.5
14.42 Mechatronics, robotics, and automation engineering 5,930 4,845 4,385 460 1,085 81.7 73.9 9.5
14.43 Biochemical engineering 490 405 380 20 90 82.7 77.6 4.9
14.44 Engineering chemistry 940 670 625 45 270 71.3 66.5 6.7
14.45 Biological/biosystems engineering 890 775 700 75 110 87.1 78.7 9.7
14.99 Engineering, other 20,360 15,685 14,345 1,335 4,670 77.0 70.5 8.5
15. Engineering technologies and engineering-related fields 620,065 466,865 434,830 32,035 153,205 75.3 70.1 6.9
15.00 Engineering technology, general 46,040 30,875 29,105 1,770 15,165 67.1 63.2 5.7
15.01 Architectural engineering technology/technician 1,730 1,465 1,370 90 260 84.7 79.2 6.1
15.02 Civil engineering technology/technician 49,825 39,170 36,445 2,725 10,650 78.6 73.1 7.0
15.03 Electrical and electronic engineering technologies/technicians 163,415 115,895 109,455 6,440 47,525 70.9 67.0 5.6
15.04 Electromechanical and instrumentation and maintenance technologies/technicians 52,970 43,805 41,220 2,590 9,165 82.7 77.8 5.9
15.05 Environmental control technologies/technicians 23,580 19,625 18,195 1,430 3,950 83.2 77.2 7.3
15.06 Industrial production technologies/technicians 27,420 21,420 20,245 1,180 5,995 78.1 73.8 5.5
15.07 Quality control and safety technologies/technicians 20,400 16,005 14,170 1,830 4,395 78.5 69.5 11.4
15.08 Mechanical engineering related technologies/technicians 69,590 51,755 48,855 2,895 17,835 74.4 70.2 5.6
15.09 Mining and petroleum technologies/technicians 35,845 28,635 24,610 4,025 7,210 79.9 68.7 14.1
15.10 Construction engineering technology/technician 10,270 8,605 8,135 470 1,665 83.8 79.2 5.5
15.11 Engineering-related technologies 14,915 10,480 9,530 945 4,440 70.3 63.9 9.0
15.12 Computer engineering technologies/technicians 45,880 38,330 35,780 2,550 7,550 83.5 78.0 6.7
15.13 Drafting/design engineering technologies/technicians 48,595 33,370 30,750 2,625 15,225 68.7 63.3 7.9
15.14 Nuclear engineering technology/technician 75 55 45 10 15 73.3 60.0 18.2
15.15 Engineering-related fields 985 655 595 60 335 66.5 60.4 9.2
15.16 Nanotechnology 595 460 415 40 135 77.3 69.7 8.7
15.99 Engineering technologies and engineering-related fields, other 7,935 6,255 5,905 350 1,680 78.8 74.4 5.6
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 415 310 295 15 100 74.7 71.1 4.8
46. Construction trades 702,155 526,955 475,020 51,935 175,200 75.0 67.7 9.9
46.00 Construction trades, general 41,745 32,750 28,865 3,885 9,000 78.5 69.1 11.9
46.01 Masonry/mason 25,380 17,805 15,970 1,835 7,580 70.2 62.9 10.3
46.02 Carpentry/carpenter 165,005 127,085 113,010 14,070 37,920 77.0 68.5 11.1
46.03 Electrical and power transmission installers 228,245 167,125 151,725 15,405 61,120 73.2 66.5 9.2
46.04 Building/construction finishing, management and inspection 101,135 77,180 69,815 7,370 23,955 76.3 69.0 9.5
46.05 Plumbing and related water supply services 133,040 98,995 89,915 9,080 34,040 74.4 67.6 9.2
46.99 Construction trades, other 7,605 6,015 5,720 295 1,590 79.1 75.2 4.9
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 731,135 539,080 508,235 30,835 192,055 73.7 69.5 5.7
47.00 Mechanics and repairers, general 87,615 62,255 58,720 3,540 25,360 71.1 67.0 5.7
47.01 Electrical/electronics maintenance and repair technology 47,075 32,210 30,540 1,665 14,870 68.4 64.9 5.2
47.02 Heating, air conditioning, ventilation and refrigeration maintenance technology/technician 46,465 36,830 34,690 2,140 9,635 79.3 74.7 5.8
47.03 Heavy/industrial equipment maintenance technologies 140,505 103,990 97,295 6,695 36,515 74.0 69.2 6.4
47.04 Precision systems maintenance and repair technologies 20,125 15,165 14,250 910 4,965 75.4 70.8 6.0
47.05 Stationary energy sources installer and operator 57,420 40,355 38,010 2,345 17,065 70.3 66.2 5.8
47.06 Vehicle maintenance and repair technologies 330,710 247,435 233,995 13,440 83,265 74.8 70.8 5.4
47.99 Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians, other 1,210 835 730 105 375 69.0 60.3 12.6
48. Precision production 406,855 288,075 260,820 27,255 118,780 70.8 64.1 9.5
48.00 Precision production trades, general 835 650 545 100 195 77.8 65.3 15.4
48.03 Leatherworking and upholstery 4,645 2,520 2,340 180 2,125 54.3 50.4 7.1
48.05 Precision metal working 338,225 241,200 217,625 23,580 97,020 71.3 64.3 9.8
48.07 Woodworking 50,085 35,160 32,545 2,615 14,925 70.2 65.0 7.4
48.08 Boilermaking/boilermaker 7,360 4,850 4,345 505 2,510 65.9 59.0 10.4
48.99 Precision production, other 5,700 3,695 3,425 275 2,000 64.8 60.1 7.4
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 339,050 268,945 252,205 16,735 70,105 79.3 74.4 6.2
01. Agriculture, agriculture operations and related sciences 205,930 161,910 154,270 7,635 44,020 78.6 74.9 4.7
01.00 Agriculture, general 61,960 46,895 45,355 1,550 15,060 75.7 73.2 3.3
01.01 Agricultural business and management 14,085 11,585 11,165 420 2,500 82.3 79.3 3.6
01.02 Agricultural mechanization 7,320 6,510 6,255 260 815 88.9 85.5 4.0
01.03 Agricultural production operations 17,500 14,385 13,705 680 3,110 82.2 78.3 4.7
01.04 Agricultural and food products processing 2,360 1,810 1,700 115 545 76.7 72.0 6.4
01.05 Agricultural and domestic animal services 8,990 7,355 6,865 490 1,635 81.8 76.4 6.7
01.06 Applied horticulture/horticultural business services 49,000 37,870 35,550 2,320 11,135 77.3 72.6 6.1
01.07 International agriculture 20 15 15 0 0 75.0 75.0 0
01.08 Agricultural public services 260 205 200 0 55 78.8 76.9 0
01.09 Animal sciences 13,945 11,325 10,795 530 2,625 81.2 77.4 4.7
01.10 Food science and technology 15,900 12,210 11,450 760 3,690 76.8 72.0 6.2
01.11 Plant sciences 11,850 9,720 9,315 405 2,135 82.0 78.6 4.2
01.12 Soil sciences 2,315 1,700 1,615 85 610 73.4 69.8 5.0
01.99 Agriculture, agriculture operations and related sciences, other 415 320 295 25 95 77.1 71.1 7.8
03. Natural resources and conservation 133,120 107,035 97,930 9,105 26,090 80.4 73.6 8.5
03.01 Natural resources conservation and research 47,465 40,685 37,465 3,220 6,785 85.7 78.9 7.9
03.02 Natural resources management and policy 21,720 18,010 16,495 1,515 3,715 82.9 75.9 8.4
03.03 Fishing and fisheries sciences and management 1,655 1,330 1,200 125 325 80.4 72.5 9.4
03.05 Forestry 56,315 42,095 38,325 3,770 14,220 74.7 68.1 9.0
03.06 Wildlife and wildlands science and management 5,755 4,765 4,320 445 995 82.8 75.1 9.3
03.99 Natural resources and conservation, other 210 155 130 25 50 73.8 61.9 16.1
Health and related fields 2,266,720 1,653,635 1,580,325 73,310 613,090 73.0 69.7 4.4
31. Parks, recreation, leisure and fitness studies 164,300 134,300 127,545 6,760 29,995 81.7 77.6 5.0
31.01 Parks, recreation and leisure studies 33,255 27,525 26,110 1,415 5,730 82.8 78.5 5.1
31.03 Parks, recreation and leisure facilities management 2,630 2,220 2,125 100 410 84.4 80.8 4.5
31.05 Health and physical education/fitness 126,450 102,890 97,815 5,080 23,550 81.4 77.4 4.9
31.06 Outdoor education 1,270 1,130 1,040 90 140 89.0 81.9 8.0
31.99 Parks, recreation, leisure and fitness studies, other 695 530 455 75 165 76.3 65.5 14.2
51. Health professions and related programs 2,047,685 1,475,825 1,410,400 65,425 571,860 72.1 68.9 4.4
51.00 Health services/allied health/health sciences, general 83,080 58,655 54,445 4,210 24,425 70.6 65.5 7.2
51.01 Chiropractic (DC) 8,740 7,905 7,775 135 835 90.4 89.0 1.7
51.02 Communication disorders sciences and services 15,090 12,515 12,200 315 2,575 82.9 80.8 2.5
51.04 Dentistry (DDS, DMD) 30,240 22,875 22,155 720 7,360 75.6 73.3 3.1
51.05 Advanced/graduate dentistry and oral sciences (Cert., MS, MSc, PhD) 4,025 2,920 2,820 100 1,105 72.5 70.1 3.4
51.06 Dental support services and allied professions 108,060 86,980 83,560 3,415 21,075 80.5 77.3 3.9
51.07 Health and medical administrative services 126,525 95,310 89,220 6,085 31,220 75.3 70.5 6.4
51.08 Allied health and medical assisting services 87,040 71,505 67,290 4,220 15,535 82.2 77.3 5.9
51.09 Allied health diagnostic, intervention and treatment professions 84,195 65,595 63,410 2,185 18,595 77.9 75.3 3.3
51.10 Clinical/medical laboratory science/research and allied professions 56,580 37,855 36,305 1,555 18,725 66.9 64.2 4.1
51.11 Health/medical preparatory programs 5,600 4,275 3,580 690 1,325 76.3 63.9 16.1
51.12 Medicine (MD) 79,165 59,755 57,260 2,495 19,410 75.5 72.3 4.2
51.14 Medical scientist (MS, MSc, PhD) 20,020 15,325 14,535 795 4,695 76.5 72.6 5.2
51.15 Mental and social health services and allied professions 28,560 21,090 19,685 1,400 7,475 73.8 68.9 6.6
51.17 Optometry (OD) 6,715 5,710 5,645 65 1,010 85.0 84.1 1.1
51.18 Ophthalmic and optometric support services and allied professions 12,480 9,995 9,685 315 2,480 80.1 77.6 3.2
51.19 Osteopathic medicine/osteopathy (DO) 1,010 955 935 15 60 94.6 92.6 1.6
51.20 Pharmacy, pharmaceutical sciences and administration 59,775 46,565 44,910 1,655 13,215 77.9 75.1 3.6
51.21 Podiatric medicine/podiatry (DPM) 970 810 805 10 160 83.5 83.0 1.2
51.22 Public health 28,935 22,965 21,310 1,655 5,965 79.4 73.6 7.2
51.23 Rehabilitation and therapeutic professions 74,690 60,885 59,030 1,855 13,810 81.5 79.0 3.0
51.24 Veterinary medicine (DVM) 14,300 11,820 11,410 405 2,480 82.7 79.8 3.4
51.25 Veterinary biomedical and clinical sciences (Cert., MS, MSc, PhD) 2,760 2,130 2,035 95 630 77.2 73.7 4.5
51.26 Health aides/attendants/orderlies 267,475 197,680 186,275 11,405 69,795 73.9 69.6 5.8
51.27 Medical illustration and informatics 985 860 805 50 130 87.3 81.7 5.8
51.31 Dietetics and clinical nutrition services 17,550 12,940 12,410 525 4,615 73.7 70.7 4.1
51.32 Bioethics/medical ethics 600 510 480 25 95 85.0 80.0 4.9
51.33 Alternative and complementary medicine and medical systems 10,605 8,355 7,955 400 2,250 78.8 75.0 4.8
51.34 Alternative and complementary medical support services 8,760 7,050 6,810 245 1,710 80.5 77.7 3.5
51.35 Somatic bodywork and related therapeutic services 41,215 35,815 34,435 1,375 5,400 86.9 83.5 3.8
51.36 Movement and mind-body therapies 2,280 1,835 1,755 80 450 80.5 77.0 4.4
51.37 Energy-based and biologically-based therapies 1,565 1,070 995 70 500 68.4 63.6 6.5
51.38 Registered nursing, nursing administration, nursing research and clinical nursing 595,725 387,670 375,070 12,600 208,055 65.1 63.0 3.3
51.39 Practical nursing, vocational nursing and nursing assistants 161,055 96,590 92,470 4,120 64,465 60.0 57.4 4.3
51.99 Health professions and related clinical sciences, other 1,275 1,045 940 105 230 82.0 73.7 10.0
60. Dental, medical and veterinary residency programs 54,735 43,505 42,375 1,125 11,235 79.5 77.4 2.6
60.01 Dental residency programs 1,215 965 940 20 250 79.4 77.4 2.1
60.03 Veterinary residency programs 460 395 385 10 70 85.9 83.7 2.5
60.04 Medical residency programs - general certificates 42,995 34,005 33,125 875 8,995 79.1 77.0 2.6
60.05 Medical residency programs - subspecialty certificates 7,430 6,340 6,200 140 1,090 85.3 83.4 2.2
60.06 Podiatric medicine residency programs 0 10 0 0 0 0 0 0
60.99 Dental, medical and veterinary residency programs, other 2,630 1,805 1,715 90 825 68.6 65.2 5.0
Personal, protective and transportation services 995,825 750,930 697,540 53,395 244,895 75.4 70.0 7.1
12. Personal and culinary services 565,555 405,780 380,855 24,930 159,775 71.7 67.3 6.1
12.03 Funeral service and mortuary science 6,205 4,935 4,785 150 1,265 79.5 77.1 3.0
12.04 Cosmetology and related personal grooming services 346,545 238,420 225,320 13,095 108,130 68.8 65.0 5.5
12.05 Culinary arts and related services 212,805 162,435 150,745 11,690 50,375 76.3 70.8 7.2
12.99 Personal and culinary services, other 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 3,505 2,590 2,500 85 910 73.9 71.3 3.3
28.08 Military science, leadership and operational art 3,500 2,590 2,500 90 915 74.0 71.4 3.5
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 7,900 3,765 3,540 230 4,135 47.7 44.8 6.1
29.05 Military technologies and applied sciences 7,900 3,765 3,540 225 4,135 47.7 44.8 6.0
43. Security and protective services 206,745 172,650 163,975 8,680 34,095 83.5 79.3 5.0
43.01 Criminal justice and corrections 162,310 135,800 128,820 6,975 26,515 83.7 79.4 5.1
43.02 Fire protection 37,265 30,570 29,220 1,345 6,695 82.0 78.4 4.4
43.03 Security and protective services, specialized programs 4,345 3,845 3,600 245 505 88.5 82.9 6.4
43.99 Security and protective services, other 2,820 2,445 2,330 110 385 86.7 82.6 4.5
49. Transportation and materials moving 212,125 166,145 146,670 19,470 45,980 78.3 69.1 11.7
49.01 Air transportation 37,180 28,305 26,790 1,515 8,870 76.1 72.1 5.4
49.02 Ground transportation 146,085 116,825 101,015 15,805 29,260 80.0 69.1 13.5
49.03 Marine transportation 25,190 18,310 16,380 1,930 6,880 72.7 65.0 10.5
49.99 Transportation and materials moving, other 3,670 2,700 2,485 215 970 73.6 67.7 8.0
Other 3,170 2,550 2,395 155 620 80.4 75.6 6.1
30.99 Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other 3,170 2,550 2,395 155 620 80.4 75.6 6.1

Symbol(s)

Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period

..

Symbol ...

not applicable

...

Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

x

Symbol F

too unreliable to be published

F

Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

Users are advised to consult data quality comments for 'Highest certificate, diploma or degree,' available in the Education Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016, Catalogue no. 98-500-X2016013.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Refers to whether a person aged 15 years and over was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2016.

Early enumeration was conducted in remote, isolated parts of the provinces and territories. When enumeration has taken place before May 2016, the reference date used is the date on which the household was enumerated.

In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

This variable shows the hierarchy of the 'primary groupings' (a CIP variant) with detail on the two-digit series and the four-digit sub-series. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2016: http://www.statcan.gc.ca/eng/concepts/classification.

For information on collection, classification and data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016, Catalogue no. 98-500-X2016013.

Return to footnote 3 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016245.

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