Data tables, 2016 Census

Major Field of Study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2016 (432), Labour Force Status (8), Highest Certificate, Diploma or Degree (15), Age (9) and Sex (3) for the Population Aged 15 Years and Over in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories and Economic Regions, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data

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This table details major field of study - classification of instructional programs 2016 , labour force status , highest certificate, diploma or degree , age and sex for the population aged 15 years and over in private households in Toronto
Data quality
Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2016 (432) Labour force status (8)
Total - Labour force statusFootnote 2 In the labour force Employed Unemployed Not in the labour force Participation rate Employment rate Unemployment rate
Total - Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2016Footnote 3 5,127,565 3,395,035 3,131,315 263,725 1,732,530 66.2 61.1 7.8
No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree 2,171,970 1,109,435 987,390 122,045 1,062,535 51.1 45.5 11.0
Education 152,070 103,800 99,675 4,125 48,270 68.3 65.5 4.0
13. Education 152,075 103,800 99,680 4,120 48,275 68.3 65.5 4.0
13.01 Education, general 96,505 63,265 60,975 2,290 33,240 65.6 63.2 3.6
13.02 Bilingual, multilingual and multicultural education 45 30 25 0 10 66.7 55.6 0
13.03 Curriculum and instruction 315 200 185 20 115 63.5 58.7 10.0
13.04 Educational administration and supervision 1,700 1,045 975 70 660 61.5 57.4 6.7
13.05 Educational/instructional media design 260 225 200 20 40 86.5 76.9 8.9
13.06 Educational assessment, evaluation and research 100 70 70 0 30 70.0 70.0 0
13.07 International and comparative education 70 55 50 0 10 78.6 71.4 0
13.09 Social and philosophical foundations of education 205 120 100 15 85 58.5 48.8 12.5
13.10 Special education and teaching 1,575 925 880 40 655 58.7 55.9 4.3
13.11 Student counselling and personnel services 660 415 410 10 245 62.9 62.1 2.4
13.12 Teacher education and professional development, specific levels and methods 15,990 11,350 10,790 560 4,640 71.0 67.5 4.9
13.13 Teacher education and professional development, specific subject areas 31,215 23,740 22,780 965 7,475 76.1 73.0 4.1
13.14 Teaching English or French as a second or foreign language 1,070 730 675 60 335 68.2 63.1 8.2
13.15 Teaching assistants/aides 1,720 1,415 1,350 65 310 82.3 78.5 4.6
13.99 Education, other 645 215 205 0 430 33.3 31.8 0
Visual and performing arts, and communications technologies 143,925 115,525 107,310 8,215 28,405 80.3 74.6 7.1
10. Communications technologies/technicians and support services 19,340 15,315 14,270 1,055 4,020 79.2 73.8 6.9
10.01 Communications technology/technician 280 215 185 30 60 76.8 66.1 14.0
10.02 Audiovisual communications technologies/technicians 9,145 8,020 7,520 495 1,130 87.7 82.2 6.2
10.03 Graphic communications 9,430 6,765 6,270 495 2,660 71.7 66.5 7.3
10.99 Communications technologies/technicians and support services, other 490 320 290 30 165 65.3 59.2 9.4
50. Visual and performing arts 124,590 100,210 93,045 7,165 24,380 80.4 74.7 7.1
50.01 Visual, digital and performing arts, general 3,555 2,890 2,690 200 660 81.3 75.7 6.9
50.02 Crafts/craft design, folk art and artisanry 225 135 130 0 95 60.0 57.8 0
50.03 Dance 1,710 1,370 1,290 80 335 80.1 75.4 5.8
50.04 Design and applied arts 47,685 38,100 35,185 2,915 9,580 79.9 73.8 7.7
50.05 Drama/theatre arts and stagecraft 10,320 9,140 8,510 625 1,180 88.6 82.5 6.8
50.06 Film/video and photographic arts 15,310 13,085 12,125 960 2,225 85.5 79.2 7.3
50.07 Fine arts and art studies 29,505 22,540 20,835 1,705 6,960 76.4 70.6 7.6
50.09 Music 15,080 11,830 11,235 590 3,250 78.4 74.5 5.0
50.10 Arts, entertainment, and media management 1,170 1,085 1,015 70 85 92.7 86.8 6.5
50.99 Visual and performing arts, other 35 30 30 0 0 85.7 85.7 0
Humanities 196,840 140,460 130,725 9,735 56,380 71.4 66.4 6.9
16. Aboriginal and foreign languages, literatures and linguistics 22,870 15,035 13,975 1,060 7,835 65.7 61.1 7.1
16.01 Linguistic, comparative and related language studies and services 12,865 9,195 8,545 655 3,665 71.5 66.4 7.1
16.02 African languages, literatures and linguistics 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
16.03 East Asian languages, literatures and linguistics 2,290 1,020 910 105 1,270 44.5 39.7 10.3
16.04 Slavic, Baltic and Albanian languages, literatures and linguistics 830 455 445 10 370 54.8 53.6 2.2
16.05 Germanic languages, literatures and linguistics 850 520 500 25 330 61.2 58.8 4.8
16.06 Modern Greek language and literature 25 20 20 0 10 80.0 80.0 0
16.07 South Asian languages, literatures and linguistics 1,985 1,130 1,025 105 855 56.9 51.6 9.3
16.08 Iranian languages, literatures and linguistics 170 70 55 15 105 41.2 32.4 21.4
16.09 Romance languages, literatures and linguistics 1,645 1,170 1,105 65 470 71.1 67.2 5.6
16.10 Aboriginal languages, literatures and linguistics 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
16.11 Middle/Near Eastern and Semitic languages, literatures and linguistics 320 145 135 10 175 45.3 42.2 6.9
16.12 Classics and classical languages, literatures and linguistics 805 545 515 35 260 67.7 64.0 6.4
16.13 Celtic languages, literatures and linguistics 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
16.14 Southeast Asian and Australasian/Pacific languages, literatures and linguistics 45 45 40 0 10 100.0 88.9 0
16.15 Turkic, Uralic-Altaic, Caucasian and Central Asian languages, literatures and linguistics 65 60 45 10 0 92.3 69.2 16.7
16.16 Sign language 350 280 270 0 75 80.0 77.1 0
16.17 Second language learning 425 245 235 10 175 57.6 55.3 4.1
16.99 Aboriginal and foreign languages, literatures and linguistics, other 200 140 125 10 65 70.0 62.5 7.1
23. English language and literature/letters 55,685 40,465 37,670 2,795 15,225 72.7 67.6 6.9
23.01 English language and literature, general 37,860 28,005 26,120 1,890 9,850 74.0 69.0 6.7
23.13 English rhetoric and composition/writing studies 1,570 1,305 1,210 90 270 83.1 77.1 6.9
23.14 English literature 15,970 11,010 10,215 795 4,955 68.9 64.0 7.2
23.99 English language and literature/letters, other 290 140 125 20 150 48.3 43.1 14.3
24. Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 58,970 41,300 37,995 3,315 17,670 70.0 64.4 8.0
24.01 Liberal arts and sciences, general studies and humanities 58,970 41,300 37,990 3,315 17,670 70.0 64.4 8.0
30.13 Medieval and renaissance studies 320 240 215 25 80 75.0 67.2 10.4
30.21 Holocaust and related studies 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
30.22 Classical and ancient studies 610 505 435 65 110 82.8 71.3 12.9
30.29 Maritime studies 30 20 15 0 10 66.7 50.0 0
38. Philosophy and religious studies 12,755 9,450 8,780 670 3,305 74.1 68.8 7.1
38.00 Philosophy and religious studies, general 230 205 195 0 30 89.1 84.8 0
38.01 Philosophy, logic and ethics 8,800 6,795 6,265 535 2,005 77.2 71.2 7.9
38.02 Religion/religious studies 3,685 2,425 2,300 120 1,255 65.8 62.4 4.9
38.99 Philosophy and religious studies, other 40 30 25 10 15 75.0 62.5 33.3
39. Theology and religious vocations 10,870 7,775 7,425 350 3,100 71.5 68.3 4.5
39.02 Bible/Biblical studies 685 450 430 20 235 65.7 62.8 4.4
39.03 Missions/missionary studies and missiology 95 50 45 0 50 52.6 47.4 0
39.04 Religious education 1,130 825 800 30 305 73.0 70.8 3.6
39.05 Religious/sacred music 95 90 90 0 10 94.7 94.7 0
39.06 Theological and ministerial studies 8,305 5,960 5,680 275 2,345 71.8 68.4 4.6
39.07 Pastoral counselling and specialized ministries 470 340 325 15 135 72.3 69.1 4.4
39.99 Theology and religious vocations, other 85 55 55 0 25 64.7 64.7 0
54. History 27,725 20,875 19,645 1,230 6,850 75.3 70.9 5.9
54.01 History 27,730 20,875 19,645 1,230 6,850 75.3 70.8 5.9
55. French language and literature/letters 7,000 4,795 4,570 230 2,205 68.5 65.3 4.8
55.01 French language and literature, general 5,880 4,065 3,880 180 1,815 69.1 66.0 4.4
55.13 French rhetoric and composition/writing studies 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
55.14 French literature 1,090 725 685 45 365 66.5 62.8 6.2
55.99 French language and literature/letters, other 20 10 0 10 15 50.0 0 100.0
Social and behavioural sciences and law 422,140 336,305 314,080 22,225 85,835 79.7 74.4 6.6
05. Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies 5,715 4,485 4,055 430 1,230 78.5 71.0 9.6
05.01 Area studies 3,250 2,500 2,275 220 750 76.9 70.0 8.8
05.02 Ethnic, cultural minority, gender, and group studies 2,365 1,900 1,705 190 470 80.3 72.1 10.0
05.99 Area, ethnic, cultural, gender, and group studies, other 95 85 75 10 10 89.5 78.9 11.8
09. Communication, journalism and related programs 46,600 40,480 37,690 2,790 6,125 86.9 80.9 6.9
09.01 Communication and media studies 18,085 15,995 14,770 1,225 2,085 88.4 81.7 7.7
09.04 Journalism 12,720 10,710 10,120 585 2,015 84.2 79.6 5.5
09.07 Radio, television and digital communication 5,340 4,540 4,230 310 800 85.0 79.2 6.8
09.09 Public relations, advertising and applied communication 9,760 8,655 8,035 620 1,100 88.7 82.3 7.2
09.10 Publishing 480 380 350 30 105 79.2 72.9 7.9
09.99 Communication, journalism and related programs, other 220 200 185 15 15 90.9 84.1 7.5
19. Family and consumer sciences/human sciences 60,415 44,150 41,215 2,935 16,270 73.1 68.2 6.6
19.00 Work and family studies 535 355 330 20 185 66.4 61.7 5.6
19.01 Family and consumer sciences/human sciences, general 3,330 1,515 1,380 130 1,815 45.5 41.4 8.6
19.02 Family and consumer sciences/human sciences business services 250 200 190 15 45 80.0 76.0 7.5
19.04 Family and consumer economics and related services 35 10 15 0 25 28.6 42.9 0
19.05 Foods, nutrition and related services 7,140 5,470 5,060 410 1,670 76.6 70.9 7.5
19.06 Housing and human environments 1,785 1,330 1,255 75 455 74.5 70.3 5.6
19.07 Human development, family studies and related services 40,130 32,000 29,975 2,020 8,135 79.7 74.7 6.3
19.09 Apparel and textiles 7,035 3,170 2,935 235 3,865 45.1 41.7 7.4
19.99 Family and consumer sciences/human sciences, other 170 95 75 20 75 55.9 44.1 21.1
22. Legal professions and studies 73,180 59,540 56,060 3,480 13,635 81.4 76.6 5.8
22.00 Non-professional general legal studies (undergraduate) 2,130 1,850 1,690 165 270 86.9 79.3 8.9
22.01 Law (LLB, JD, BCL) 33,625 27,075 25,735 1,340 6,550 80.5 76.5 4.9
22.02 Legal research and advanced professional studies (post-LLB/JD) 8,890 7,345 6,930 420 1,550 82.6 78.0 5.7
22.03 Legal support services 28,435 23,205 21,645 1,550 5,230 81.6 76.1 6.7
22.99 Legal professions and studies, other 100 65 65 0 35 65.0 65.0 0
30.05 Peace studies and conflict resolution 335 290 245 40 50 86.6 73.1 13.8
30.10 Biopsychology 920 800 700 105 120 87.0 76.1 13.1
30.11 Gerontology 1,915 1,525 1,445 80 395 79.6 75.5 5.2
30.14 Museology/museum studies 495 420 400 20 75 84.8 80.8 4.8
30.15 Science, technology and society 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
30.17 Behavioural sciences 685 540 495 40 145 78.8 72.3 7.4
30.20 International/global studies 975 875 780 90 100 89.7 80.0 10.3
30.23 Intercultural/multicultural and diversity studies 95 90 90 0 10 94.7 94.7 0
30.25 Cognitive science 370 350 325 25 20 94.6 87.8 7.1
30.26 Cultural studies/critical theory and analysis 720 640 595 45 75 88.9 82.6 7.0
30.28 Dispute resolution 255 220 210 10 35 86.3 82.4 4.5
30.31 Human computer interaction 35 25 25 0 10 71.4 71.4 0
30.33 Sustainability studies 295 265 210 50 30 89.8 71.2 18.9
42. Psychology 59,035 46,265 43,295 2,975 12,770 78.4 73.3 6.4
42.01 Psychology, general 50,570 39,635 37,120 2,515 10,930 78.4 73.4 6.3
42.27 Research and experimental psychology 3,980 2,990 2,760 230 995 75.1 69.3 7.7
42.28 Clinical, counselling and applied psychology 4,240 3,430 3,235 195 810 80.9 76.3 5.7
42.99 Psychology, other 245 215 180 30 30 87.8 73.5 14.0
45. Social sciences 170,095 135,355 126,235 9,115 34,740 79.6 74.2 6.7
45.01 Social sciences, general 8,110 6,070 5,565 505 2,045 74.8 68.6 8.3
45.02 Anthropology 5,635 4,475 4,185 290 1,160 79.4 74.3 6.5
45.03 Archaeology 845 620 560 65 225 73.4 66.3 10.5
45.04 Criminology 8,355 7,395 6,900 495 960 88.5 82.6 6.7
45.05 Demography and population studies 130 100 95 10 20 76.9 73.1 10.0
45.06 Economics 62,650 48,665 45,500 3,170 13,985 77.7 72.6 6.5
45.07 Geography and cartography 14,325 11,385 10,775 610 2,940 79.5 75.2 5.4
45.09 International relations and national security studies 3,695 2,970 2,675 300 720 80.4 72.4 10.1
45.10 Political science and government 35,520 28,985 26,995 1,995 6,535 81.6 76.0 6.9
45.11 Sociology 28,820 23,010 21,490 1,520 5,810 79.8 74.6 6.6
45.12 Urban studies/affairs 745 630 590 40 115 84.6 79.2 6.3
45.13 Sociology and anthropology 545 425 395 30 115 78.0 72.5 7.1
45.14 Rural sociology 10 0 0 0 10 0 0 0
45.99 Social sciences, other 725 620 520 95 105 85.5 71.7 15.3
Business, management and public administration 710,290 566,770 530,890 35,885 143,515 79.8 74.7 6.3
30.16 Accounting and computer science 1,450 1,085 995 90 365 74.8 68.6 8.3
44. Public administration and social service professions 44,090 35,645 33,240 2,405 8,445 80.8 75.4 6.7
44.00 Human services, general 8,415 6,815 6,205 605 1,605 81.0 73.7 8.9
44.02 Community organization and advocacy 20 15 10 0 0 75.0 50.0 0
44.04 Public administration 5,345 4,390 4,090 295 960 82.1 76.5 6.7
44.05 Public policy analysis 1,620 1,415 1,330 85 205 87.3 82.1 6.0
44.07 Social work 28,265 22,715 21,345 1,370 5,550 80.4 75.5 6.0
44.99 Public administration and social service professions, other 420 300 255 40 125 71.4 60.7 13.3
52. Business, management, marketing and related support services 664,750 530,045 496,655 33,385 134,710 79.7 74.7 6.3
52.01 Business/commerce, general 155,775 126,970 119,990 6,980 28,800 81.5 77.0 5.5
52.02 Business administration, management and operations 137,680 112,970 105,160 7,810 24,715 82.1 76.4 6.9
52.03 Accounting and related services 134,815 103,325 97,025 6,295 31,490 76.6 72.0 6.1
52.04 Business operations support and assistant services 34,515 19,180 17,855 1,325 15,330 55.6 51.7 6.9
52.05 Business/corporate communications 980 865 820 45 120 88.3 83.7 5.2
52.06 Business/managerial economics 7,995 6,725 6,240 490 1,270 84.1 78.0 7.3
52.07 Entrepreneurial and small business operations 1,270 1,085 1,015 70 180 85.4 79.9 6.5
52.08 Finance and financial management services 46,595 38,000 35,515 2,490 8,590 81.6 76.2 6.6
52.09 Hospitality administration/management 27,555 23,165 21,685 1,480 4,390 84.1 78.7 6.4
52.10 Human resources management and services 25,055 21,130 19,620 1,510 3,925 84.3 78.3 7.1
52.11 International business/trade/commerce 7,925 6,395 5,830 570 1,525 80.7 73.6 8.9
52.12 Management information systems and services 2,735 2,400 2,235 170 335 87.8 81.7 7.1
52.13 Management sciences and quantitative methods 4,010 3,505 3,335 170 505 87.4 83.2 4.9
52.14 Marketing 37,630 32,630 30,355 2,275 5,000 86.7 80.7 7.0
52.15 Real estate 11,250 8,830 8,485 350 2,420 78.5 75.4 4.0
52.16 Taxation 505 430 420 10 75 85.1 83.2 2.3
52.17 Insurance 5,295 3,900 3,700 195 1,400 73.7 69.9 5.0
52.18 General sales, merchandising and related marketing operations 4,245 2,945 2,765 180 1,310 69.4 65.1 6.1
52.19 Specialized sales, merchandising and marketing operations 16,870 13,905 13,055 850 2,970 82.4 77.4 6.1
52.20 Construction management 1,705 1,435 1,320 115 265 84.2 77.4 8.0
52.21 Telecommunications management 105 95 95 10 10 90.5 90.5 10.5
52.99 Business, management, marketing and related support services, other 225 160 145 20 65 71.1 64.4 12.5
Physical and life sciences and technologies 139,280 103,115 95,620 7,495 36,165 74.0 68.7 7.3
26. Biological and biomedical sciences 58,500 44,300 40,825 3,475 14,195 75.7 69.8 7.8
26.01 Biology, general 25,490 18,795 17,155 1,645 6,695 73.7 67.3 8.8
26.02 Biochemistry/biophysics and molecular biology 8,930 7,000 6,505 495 1,930 78.4 72.8 7.1
26.03 Botany/plant biology 2,035 1,330 1,250 85 705 65.4 61.4 6.4
26.04 Cell/cellular biology and anatomical sciences 1,030 830 750 80 205 80.6 72.8 9.6
26.05 Microbiological sciences and immunology 5,450 4,155 3,835 325 1,295 76.2 70.4 7.8
26.07 Zoology/animal biology 2,490 1,800 1,650 150 690 72.3 66.3 8.3
26.08 Genetics 1,475 1,140 1,075 65 335 77.3 72.9 5.7
26.09 Physiology, pathology and related sciences 2,310 1,720 1,645 75 590 74.5 71.2 4.4
26.10 Pharmacology and toxicology 2,000 1,625 1,525 100 375 81.2 76.2 6.2
26.11 Biomathematics, bioinformatics, and computational biology 400 325 295 35 75 81.2 73.8 10.8
26.12 Biotechnology 2,305 1,895 1,705 190 405 82.2 74.0 10.0
26.13 Ecology, evolution, systematics and population biology 2,245 1,885 1,775 115 360 84.0 79.1 6.1
26.14 Molecular medicine 20 15 20 0 0 75.0 100.0 0
26.15 Neurobiology and neurosciences 2,310 1,775 1,660 115 540 76.8 71.9 6.5
26.99 Biological and biomedical sciences, other 10 10 0 10 0 0 0 0
30.01 Biological and physical sciences 34,525 25,575 23,925 1,655 8,945 74.1 69.3 6.5
30.18 Natural sciences 320 215 190 25 110 67.2 59.4 11.6
30.19 Nutrition sciences 735 550 520 30 185 74.8 70.7 5.5
30.27 Human biology 1,380 1,175 1,080 90 210 85.1 78.3 7.7
30.32 Marine sciences 55 50 45 0 0 90.9 81.8 0
40. Physical sciences 38,775 27,810 25,870 1,940 10,960 71.7 66.7 7.0
40.01 Physical sciences, general 1,785 1,510 1,440 65 280 84.6 80.7 4.3
40.02 Astronomy and astrophysics 505 380 355 30 125 75.2 70.3 7.9
40.04 Atmospheric sciences and meteorology 540 375 355 15 170 69.4 65.7 4.0
40.05 Chemistry 19,535 13,610 12,675 930 5,920 69.7 64.9 6.8
40.06 Geological and Earth sciences/geosciences 4,635 3,480 3,200 280 1,155 75.1 69.0 8.0
40.08 Physics 10,335 7,460 6,920 540 2,875 72.2 67.0 7.2
40.10 Materials sciences 570 480 450 30 85 84.2 78.9 6.2
40.99 Physical sciences, other 870 515 470 45 355 59.2 54.0 8.7
41. Science technologies/technicians 4,990 3,445 3,175 270 1,550 69.0 63.6 7.8
41.00 Science technologies/technicians, general 2,490 1,770 1,655 110 725 71.1 66.5 6.2
41.01 Biology technician/biotechnology laboratory technician 365 240 220 20 125 65.8 60.3 8.3
41.02 Nuclear and industrial radiologic technologies/technicians 90 55 55 0 35 61.1 61.1 0
41.03 Physical science technologies/technicians 1,825 1,215 1,085 130 615 66.6 59.5 10.7
41.99 Science technologies/technicians, other 220 165 160 10 50 75.0 72.7 6.1
Mathematics, computer and information sciences 172,410 142,810 134,215 8,595 29,610 82.8 77.8 6.0
11. Computer and information sciences and support services 133,525 113,875 106,870 7,010 19,650 85.3 80.0 6.2
11.01 Computer and information sciences and support services, general 39,160 33,080 30,990 2,090 6,075 84.5 79.1 6.3
11.02 Computer programming 13,545 11,075 10,285 790 2,470 81.8 75.9 7.1
11.03 Data processing and data processing technology/technician 850 545 515 30 310 64.1 60.6 5.5
11.04 Information science/studies 1,270 1,065 1,030 35 205 83.9 81.1 3.3
11.05 Computer systems analysis/analyst 3,560 3,070 2,915 160 490 86.2 81.9 5.2
11.06 Data entry/microcomputer applications 2,925 1,900 1,745 150 1,025 65.0 59.7 7.9
11.07 Computer science 56,125 49,135 46,430 2,705 6,990 87.5 82.7 5.5
11.08 Computer software and media applications 3,185 2,685 2,445 240 500 84.3 76.8 8.9
11.09 Computer systems networking and telecommunications 305 290 250 35 15 95.1 82.0 12.1
11.10 Computer/information technology administration and management 9,245 8,175 7,560 615 1,070 88.4 81.8 7.5
11.99 Computer and information sciences and support services, other 3,355 2,865 2,700 160 495 85.4 80.5 5.6
25. Library science 6,165 3,950 3,780 170 2,215 64.1 61.3 4.3
25.01 Library science and administration 4,525 2,925 2,800 125 1,605 64.6 61.9 4.3
25.03 Library and archives assisting 1,605 1,005 960 45 600 62.6 59.8 4.5
25.99 Library science, other 25 20 15 0 10 80.0 60.0 0
27. Mathematics and statistics 29,965 22,725 21,400 1,325 7,240 75.8 71.4 5.8
27.01 Mathematics 21,805 16,030 15,155 875 5,775 73.5 69.5 5.5
27.03 Applied mathematics 3,135 2,675 2,500 170 465 85.3 79.7 6.4
27.05 Statistics 5,015 4,020 3,740 285 995 80.2 74.6 7.1
27.99 Mathematics and statistics, other 15 10 0 0 10 0 0 0
30.06 Systems science and theory 15 15 20 0 0 100.0 100.0 0
30.08 Mathematics and computer science 2,670 2,165 2,090 85 500 81.1 78.3 3.9
30.30 Computational science 70 70 70 0 10 100.0 100.0 0
Architecture, engineering, and related technologies 512,045 394,585 371,340 23,245 117,455 77.1 72.5 5.9
04. Architecture and related services 31,495 25,905 24,290 1,615 5,585 82.3 77.1 6.2
04.02 Architecture (BArch, BA, BS, BSc, MArch, MA, MS, MSc, PhD) 15,710 12,625 11,805 820 3,090 80.4 75.1 6.5
04.03 City/urban, community and regional planning 6,250 5,330 5,035 300 925 85.3 80.6 5.6
04.04 Environmental design/architecture 515 450 410 35 70 87.4 79.6 7.8
04.05 Interior architecture 185 125 120 10 65 67.6 64.9 8.0
04.06 Landscape architecture (BS, BSc, BSLA, BLA, MSLA, MLA, PhD) 1,255 1,085 1,025 65 170 86.5 81.7 6.0
04.08 Architectural history and criticism 70 50 40 15 15 71.4 57.1 30.0
04.09 Architectural sciences and technology 7,280 6,060 5,690 375 1,215 83.2 78.2 6.2
04.10 Real estate development 75 55 50 10 25 73.3 66.7 18.2
04.99 Architecture and related services, other 145 120 120 0 25 82.8 82.8 0
14. Engineering 214,355 171,510 160,795 10,715 42,845 80.0 75.0 6.2
14.01 Engineering, general 44,790 35,150 33,400 1,750 9,640 78.5 74.6 5.0
14.02 Aerospace, aeronautical and astronautical/space engineering 3,310 2,745 2,580 170 560 82.9 77.9 6.2
14.03 Agricultural engineering 1,585 1,110 995 115 475 70.0 62.8 10.4
14.04 Architectural engineering 620 440 405 40 180 71.0 65.3 9.1
14.05 Bioengineering and biomedical engineering 1,635 1,340 1,225 115 295 82.0 74.9 8.6
14.06 Ceramic sciences and engineering 45 35 35 0 15 77.8 77.8 0
14.07 Chemical engineering 10,990 8,255 7,650 605 2,735 75.1 69.6 7.3
14.08 Civil engineering 26,160 20,315 18,925 1,390 5,850 77.7 72.3 6.8
14.09 Computer engineering 16,455 14,595 13,665 930 1,860 88.7 83.0 6.4
14.10 Electrical, electronics and communications engineering 46,605 37,825 35,530 2,295 8,780 81.2 76.2 6.1
14.11 Engineering mechanics 225 155 150 10 70 68.9 66.7 6.5
14.12 Engineering physics/applied physics 1,025 800 750 45 230 78.0 73.2 5.6
14.13 Engineering science 490 365 355 15 130 74.5 72.4 4.1
14.14 Environmental/environmental health engineering 1,530 1,250 1,140 115 280 81.7 74.5 9.2
14.18 Materials engineering 880 680 645 35 200 77.3 73.3 5.1
14.19 Mechanical engineering 33,835 27,230 25,425 1,800 6,610 80.5 75.1 6.6
14.20 Metallurgical engineering 790 585 525 60 210 74.1 66.5 10.3
14.21 Mining and mineral engineering 1,395 995 895 95 400 71.3 64.2 9.5
14.22 Naval architecture and marine engineering 840 665 640 25 175 79.2 76.2 3.8
14.23 Nuclear engineering 645 505 455 55 135 78.3 70.5 10.9
14.24 Ocean engineering 25 25 25 0 0 100.0 100.0 0
14.25 Petroleum engineering 480 350 310 40 130 72.9 64.6 11.4
14.27 Systems engineering 1,155 1,040 980 60 110 90.0 84.8 5.8
14.28 Textile sciences and engineering 635 410 385 25 225 64.6 60.6 6.1
14.32 Polymer/plastics engineering 245 175 165 15 60 71.4 67.3 8.6
14.33 Construction engineering 1,595 1,225 1,165 55 370 76.8 73.0 4.5
14.34 Forest engineering 115 90 90 0 25 78.3 78.3 0
14.35 Industrial engineering 6,085 5,015 4,665 350 1,070 82.4 76.7 7.0
14.36 Manufacturing engineering 710 595 550 45 120 83.8 77.5 7.6
14.37 Operations research 235 190 185 10 50 80.9 78.7 5.3
14.38 Surveying engineering 805 615 595 25 190 76.4 73.9 4.1
14.39 Geological/geophysical engineering 370 265 235 30 105 71.6 63.5 11.3
14.40 Paper science and engineering 25 15 15 0 10 60.0 60.0 0
14.41 Electromechanical engineering 530 415 395 20 115 78.3 74.5 4.8
14.42 Mechatronics, robotics, and automation engineering 2,055 1,710 1,575 135 345 83.2 76.6 7.9
14.43 Biochemical engineering 150 130 130 10 15 86.7 86.7 7.7
14.44 Engineering chemistry 400 315 305 10 85 78.8 76.2 3.2
14.45 Biological/biosystems engineering 190 165 150 10 25 86.8 78.9 6.1
14.99 Engineering, other 4,690 3,725 3,500 230 970 79.4 74.6 6.2
15. Engineering technologies and engineering-related fields 89,335 67,790 63,960 3,830 21,545 75.9 71.6 5.6
15.00 Engineering technology, general 10,460 7,270 6,915 350 3,190 69.5 66.1 4.8
15.01 Architectural engineering technology/technician 160 120 105 15 40 75.0 65.6 12.5
15.02 Civil engineering technology/technician 6,710 5,225 4,920 305 1,485 77.9 73.3 5.8
15.03 Electrical and electronic engineering technologies/technicians 26,815 20,095 18,995 1,100 6,720 74.9 70.8 5.5
15.04 Electromechanical and instrumentation and maintenance technologies/technicians 3,855 3,120 2,975 145 735 80.9 77.2 4.6
15.05 Environmental control technologies/technicians 2,785 2,360 2,230 130 430 84.7 80.1 5.5
15.06 Industrial production technologies/technicians 3,465 2,530 2,400 125 940 73.0 69.3 4.9
15.07 Quality control and safety technologies/technicians 1,880 1,455 1,360 95 425 77.4 72.3 6.5
15.08 Mechanical engineering related technologies/technicians 12,195 9,120 8,685 435 3,080 74.8 71.2 4.8
15.09 Mining and petroleum technologies/technicians 2,415 2,050 1,900 150 360 84.9 78.7 7.3
15.10 Construction engineering technology/technician 1,730 1,440 1,370 75 290 83.2 79.2 5.2
15.11 Engineering-related technologies 1,195 760 735 30 435 63.6 61.5 3.9
15.12 Computer engineering technologies/technicians 9,195 7,800 7,200 605 1,390 84.8 78.3 7.8
15.13 Drafting/design engineering technologies/technicians 4,190 2,605 2,480 130 1,580 62.2 59.2 5.0
15.14 Nuclear engineering technology/technician 35 30 20 10 0 85.7 57.1 33.3
15.15 Engineering-related fields 220 140 140 0 75 63.6 63.6 0
15.16 Nanotechnology 200 165 140 25 35 82.5 70.0 15.2
15.99 Engineering technologies and engineering-related fields, other 1,830 1,500 1,405 100 325 82.0 76.8 6.7
30.12 Historic preservation and conservation 100 90 75 10 10 90.0 75.0 11.1
46. Construction trades 69,290 52,050 48,795 3,255 17,240 75.1 70.4 6.3
46.00 Construction trades, general 5,325 4,225 3,890 335 1,100 79.3 73.1 7.9
46.01 Masonry/mason 2,195 1,330 1,255 75 865 60.6 57.2 5.6
46.02 Carpentry/carpenter 11,245 8,060 7,490 570 3,180 71.7 66.6 7.1
46.03 Electrical and power transmission installers 24,855 18,860 17,770 1,090 5,995 75.9 71.5 5.8
46.04 Building/construction finishing, management and inspection 10,225 7,745 7,230 515 2,475 75.7 70.7 6.6
46.05 Plumbing and related water supply services 13,425 10,075 9,480 595 3,350 75.0 70.6 5.9
46.99 Construction trades, other 2,025 1,750 1,685 65 270 86.4 83.2 3.7
47. Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians 71,415 53,295 50,950 2,340 18,120 74.6 71.3 4.4
47.00 Mechanics and repairers, general 9,695 6,685 6,395 290 3,015 69.0 66.0 4.3
47.01 Electrical/electronics maintenance and repair technology 5,570 3,905 3,695 210 1,665 70.1 66.3 5.4
47.02 Heating, air conditioning, ventilation and refrigeration maintenance technology/technician 8,795 7,075 6,690 390 1,720 80.4 76.1 5.5
47.03 Heavy/industrial equipment maintenance technologies 6,865 4,910 4,760 150 1,955 71.5 69.3 3.1
47.04 Precision systems maintenance and repair technologies 1,420 860 815 45 560 60.6 57.4 5.2
47.05 Stationary energy sources installer and operator 2,555 1,710 1,595 110 845 66.9 62.4 6.4
47.06 Vehicle maintenance and repair technologies 36,345 28,105 26,950 1,155 8,240 77.3 74.2 4.1
47.99 Mechanic and repair technologies/technicians, other 170 50 50 0 120 29.4 29.4 0
48. Precision production 36,050 23,945 22,470 1,475 12,105 66.4 62.3 6.2
48.00 Precision production trades, general 10 0 0 10 0 0 0 0
48.03 Leatherworking and upholstery 785 335 325 15 445 42.7 41.4 4.5
48.05 Precision metal working 31,045 20,960 19,675 1,290 10,085 67.5 63.4 6.2
48.07 Woodworking 2,660 1,715 1,595 115 945 64.5 60.0 6.7
48.08 Boilermaking/boilermaker 305 160 155 0 145 52.5 50.8 0
48.99 Precision production, other 1,250 765 720 45 485 61.2 57.6 5.9
Agriculture, natural resources and conservation 33,130 25,810 24,120 1,695 7,320 77.9 72.8 6.6
01. Agriculture, agriculture operations and related sciences 19,660 14,470 13,625 850 5,190 73.6 69.3 5.9
01.00 Agriculture, general 5,595 3,895 3,690 200 1,705 69.6 66.0 5.1
01.01 Agricultural business and management 1,060 795 735 60 265 75.0 69.3 7.5
01.02 Agricultural mechanization 265 215 185 30 50 81.1 69.8 14.0
01.03 Agricultural production operations 570 385 350 35 185 67.5 61.4 9.1
01.04 Agricultural and food products processing 225 170 170 0 65 75.6 75.6 0
01.05 Agricultural and domestic animal services 730 595 560 35 135 81.5 76.7 5.9
01.06 Applied horticulture/horticultural business services 5,140 3,905 3,685 220 1,235 76.0 71.7 5.6
01.07 International agriculture 10 0 10 0 0 0 0 0
01.08 Agricultural public services 50 35 30 10 15 70.0 60.0 28.6
01.09 Animal sciences 1,370 990 920 70 380 72.3 67.2 7.1
01.10 Food science and technology 3,410 2,610 2,470 140 795 76.5 72.4 5.4
01.11 Plant sciences 950 695 660 35 260 73.2 69.5 5.0
01.12 Soil sciences 225 135 120 15 95 60.0 53.3 11.1
01.99 Agriculture, agriculture operations and related sciences, other 65 45 45 0 20 69.2 69.2 0
03. Natural resources and conservation 13,470 11,340 10,495 845 2,125 84.2 77.9 7.5
03.01 Natural resources conservation and research 9,380 8,010 7,355 650 1,365 85.4 78.4 8.1
03.02 Natural resources management and policy 1,370 1,220 1,140 80 145 89.1 83.2 6.6
03.03 Fishing and fisheries sciences and management 255 200 195 10 55 78.4 76.5 5.0
03.05 Forestry 2,170 1,680 1,590 90 490 77.4 73.3 5.4
03.06 Wildlife and wildlands science and management 285 225 200 25 60 78.9 70.2 11.1
03.99 Natural resources and conservation, other 10 10 10 0 0 0 0 0
Health and related fields 350,520 262,550 248,120 14,425 87,970 74.9 70.8 5.5
31. Parks, recreation, leisure and fitness studies 30,095 24,835 23,390 1,450 5,260 82.5 77.7 5.8
31.01 Parks, recreation and leisure studies 3,580 3,015 2,835 175 565 84.2 79.2 5.8
31.03 Parks, recreation and leisure facilities management 410 375 365 10 40 91.5 89.0 2.7
31.05 Health and physical education/fitness 25,865 21,275 20,025 1,240 4,600 82.3 77.4 5.8
31.06 Outdoor education 125 105 100 10 20 84.0 80.0 9.5
31.99 Parks, recreation, leisure and fitness studies, other 105 70 65 0 35 66.7 61.9 0
51. Health professions and related programs 307,835 228,055 215,445 12,610 79,780 74.1 70.0 5.5
51.00 Health services/allied health/health sciences, general 17,935 12,515 11,400 1,110 5,420 69.8 63.6 8.9
51.01 Chiropractic (DC) 2,010 1,790 1,765 25 225 89.1 87.8 1.4
51.02 Communication disorders sciences and services 2,330 1,945 1,875 75 385 83.5 80.5 3.9
51.04 Dentistry (DDS, DMD) 8,195 6,210 5,955 250 1,985 75.8 72.7 4.0
51.05 Advanced/graduate dentistry and oral sciences (Cert., MS, MSc, PhD) 1,145 795 755 35 350 69.4 65.9 4.4
51.06 Dental support services and allied professions 18,050 14,465 13,885 575 3,595 80.1 76.9 4.0
51.07 Health and medical administrative services 17,355 13,780 12,610 1,170 3,570 79.4 72.7 8.5
51.08 Allied health and medical assisting services 11,500 9,145 8,510 640 2,355 79.5 74.0 7.0
51.09 Allied health diagnostic, intervention and treatment professions 8,270 6,545 6,305 240 1,725 79.1 76.2 3.7
51.10 Clinical/medical laboratory science/research and allied professions 10,310 7,585 7,190 395 2,725 73.6 69.7 5.2
51.11 Health/medical preparatory programs 990 695 550 145 300 70.2 55.6 20.9
51.12 Medicine (MD) 20,175 14,315 13,375 940 5,860 71.0 66.3 6.6
51.14 Medical scientist (MS, MSc, PhD) 5,130 3,745 3,505 240 1,380 73.0 68.3 6.4
51.15 Mental and social health services and allied professions 3,120 2,350 2,145 205 765 75.3 68.8 8.7
51.17 Optometry (OD) 1,245 1,105 1,085 10 145 88.8 87.1 0.9
51.18 Ophthalmic and optometric support services and allied professions 1,910 1,505 1,445 60 405 78.8 75.7 4.0
51.19 Osteopathic medicine/osteopathy (DO) 110 100 90 0 10 90.9 81.8 0
51.20 Pharmacy, pharmaceutical sciences and administration 13,840 10,735 10,250 485 3,105 77.6 74.1 4.5
51.21 Podiatric medicine/podiatry (DPM) 235 210 205 0 30 89.4 87.2 0
51.22 Public health 6,150 5,095 4,645 445 1,055 82.8 75.5 8.7
51.23 Rehabilitation and therapeutic professions 11,245 9,110 8,675 440 2,130 81.0 77.1 4.8
51.24 Veterinary medicine (DVM) 2,090 1,765 1,710 55 330 84.4 81.8 3.1
51.25 Veterinary biomedical and clinical sciences (Cert., MS, MSc, PhD) 305 240 210 35 65 78.7 68.9 14.6
51.26 Health aides/attendants/orderlies 34,080 25,620 23,865 1,755 8,460 75.2 70.0 6.9
51.27 Medical illustration and informatics 420 355 335 25 60 84.5 79.8 7.0
51.31 Dietetics and clinical nutrition services 2,245 1,650 1,560 95 590 73.5 69.5 5.8
51.32 Bioethics/medical ethics 250 215 200 15 30 86.0 80.0 7.0
51.33 Alternative and complementary medicine and medical systems 2,805 2,185 2,060 125 625 77.9 73.4 5.7
51.34 Alternative and complementary medical support services 2,940 2,335 2,250 80 605 79.4 76.5 3.4
51.35 Somatic bodywork and related therapeutic services 4,995 4,405 4,280 130 585 88.2 85.7 3.0
51.36 Movement and mind-body therapies 435 320 295 25 115 73.6 67.8 7.8
51.37 Energy-based and biologically-based therapies 190 110 105 10 80 57.9 55.3 9.1
51.38 Registered nursing, nursing administration, nursing research and clinical nursing 84,375 57,790 55,530 2,265 26,585 68.5 65.8 3.9
51.39 Practical nursing, vocational nursing and nursing assistants 11,310 7,215 6,735 475 4,100 63.8 59.5 6.6
51.99 Health professions and related clinical sciences, other 135 105 90 15 30 77.8 66.7 14.3
60. Dental, medical and veterinary residency programs 12,590 9,660 9,290 370 2,930 76.7 73.8 3.8
60.01 Dental residency programs 355 310 305 0 40 87.3 85.9 0
60.03 Veterinary residency programs 100 90 90 0 15 90.0 90.0 0
60.04 Medical residency programs - general certificates 9,545 7,265 6,975 290 2,280 76.1 73.1 4.0
60.05 Medical residency programs - subspecialty certificates 1,650 1,385 1,345 40 265 83.9 81.5 2.9
60.06 Podiatric medicine residency programs 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
60.99 Dental, medical and veterinary residency programs, other 935 610 575 35 325 65.2 61.5 5.7
Personal, protective and transportation services 122,600 93,560 87,545 6,015 29,040 76.3 71.4 6.4
12. Personal and culinary services 73,665 52,795 49,340 3,460 20,865 71.7 67.0 6.6
12.03 Funeral service and mortuary science 900 770 755 20 125 85.6 83.9 2.6
12.04 Cosmetology and related personal grooming services 44,625 30,030 28,035 1,995 14,595 67.3 62.8 6.6
12.05 Culinary arts and related services 28,140 21,990 20,545 1,440 6,150 78.1 73.0 6.5
12.99 Personal and culinary services, other 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
28. Military science, leadership and operational art 405 280 265 20 120 69.1 65.4 7.1
28.08 Military science, leadership and operational art 405 285 265 20 115 70.4 65.4 7.0
29. Military technologies and applied sciences 560 260 240 20 295 46.4 42.9 7.7
29.05 Military technologies and applied sciences 560 265 240 25 300 47.3 42.9 9.4
43. Security and protective services 31,600 27,415 25,865 1,550 4,185 86.8 81.9 5.7
43.01 Criminal justice and corrections 25,930 22,340 21,035 1,305 3,590 86.2 81.1 5.8
43.02 Fire protection 4,035 3,595 3,480 115 440 89.1 86.2 3.2
43.03 Security and protective services, specialized programs 1,065 965 875 90 100 90.6 82.2 9.3
43.99 Security and protective services, other 565 515 475 35 50 91.2 84.1 6.8
49. Transportation and materials moving 16,375 12,800 11,835 965 3,580 78.2 72.3 7.5
49.01 Air transportation 4,705 3,585 3,355 230 1,120 76.2 71.3 6.4
49.02 Ground transportation 8,915 7,145 6,540 605 1,770 80.1 73.4 8.5
49.03 Marine transportation 2,040 1,540 1,435 110 500 75.5 70.3 7.1
49.99 Transportation and materials moving, other 715 530 510 20 180 74.1 71.3 3.8
Other 335 300 275 25 40 89.6 82.1 8.3
30.99 Multidisciplinary/interdisciplinary studies, other 335 300 275 25 40 89.6 82.1 8.3

Symbol(s)

Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period

..

Symbol ...

not applicable

...

Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

x

Symbol F

too unreliable to be published

F

Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

Users are advised to consult data quality comments for 'Highest certificate, diploma or degree,' available in the Education Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016, Catalogue no. 98-500-X2016013.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Refers to whether a person aged 15 years and over was employed, unemployed or not in the labour force during the week of Sunday, May 1 to Saturday, May 7, 2016.

Early enumeration was conducted in remote, isolated parts of the provinces and territories. When enumeration has taken place before May 2016, the reference date used is the date on which the household was enumerated.

In the past, this variable was called Labour force activity.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

This variable shows the hierarchy of the 'primary groupings' (a CIP variant) with detail on the two-digit series and the four-digit sub-series. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2016: http://www.statcan.gc.ca/eng/concepts/classification.

For information on collection, classification and data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016, Catalogue no. 98-500-X2016013.

Return to footnote 3 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016245.

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