Data tables, 2016 Census
Citizenship (9), Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (11A), Age (12) and Sex (3) for the Population in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data
|Citizenship (9)||Immigrant status and period of immigration (11A)|
|Total - Immigrant status and period of immigrationFootnote 1||Non-immigrantsFootnote 2||ImmigrantsFootnote 3||Before 2012||Before 1981||1981 to 1990||1991 to 2000||2001 to 2010||2011||2012 to 2016Footnote 4||Non-permanent residentsFootnote 5|
|Total - CitizenshipFootnote 6||34,460,060||26,412,610||7,540,825||6,553,030||1,941,510||915,555||1,486,660||1,985,030||224,280||987,795||506,625|
|Canadian citizensFootnote 7||32,034,585||26,412,610||5,621,975||5,621,975||1,784,170||845,590||1,367,280||1,521,225||103,715||0||0|
|Canadian citizens by birthFootnote 8||26,412,615||26,412,610||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|Citizens of Canada by birth only||26,071,745||26,071,745||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|Citizens of Canada, by birth, and at least one other country||340,865||340,865||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0||0|
|Canadian citizens by naturalizationFootnote 9||5,621,975||0||5,621,975||5,621,975||1,784,165||845,595||1,367,280||1,521,225||103,710||0||0|
|Citizens of Canada by naturalization only||4,520,435||0||4,520,435||4,520,435||1,537,635||693,275||1,099,170||1,118,535||71,820||0||0|
|Citizens of Canada, by naturalization, and at least one other country||1,101,540||0||1,101,540||1,101,535||246,530||152,320||268,110||402,685||31,890||0||0|
|Not Canadian citizensFootnote 10||2,425,475||0||1,918,855||931,055||157,340||69,965||119,380||463,810||120,565||987,795||506,625|
- Symbol ..
not available for a specific reference period
- Symbol ...
- Symbol x
suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act
- Symbol F
too unreliable to be published
- Footnote 1
Immigrant status refers to whether the person is a non-immigrant, an immigrant or a non-permanent resident.
Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained landed immigrant or permanent resident status.
For more information on immigration variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, refer to the Place of Birth, Generation Status, Citizenship and Immigration Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.
- Footnote 2
'Non-immigrants' includes persons who are Canadian citizens by birth.
- Footnote 3
'Immigrants' includes persons who are, or who have ever been, landed immigrants or permanent residents. Such persons have been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Immigrants who have obtained Canadian citizenship by naturalization are included in this category. In the 2016 Census of Population, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada on or prior to May 10, 2016.
- Footnote 4
At the time of the 2016 Census, landed immigrants (permanent residents) must have resided in Canada for a minimum of four years before becoming eligible for Canadian citizenship.
Includes immigrants who landed in Canada on or prior to May 10, 2016.
- Footnote 5
'Non-permanent residents' includes persons from another country who have a work or study permit or who are refugee claimants, and their family members sharing the same permit and living in Canada with them.
- Footnote 6
For more information on citizenship variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Place of Birth, Generation Status, Citizenship and Immigration Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.
- Footnote 7
'Canadian citizens' includes persons who are citizens of Canada only and persons who are citizens of Canada and at least one other country.
- Footnote 8
'Canadian citizens by birth' includes persons who acquired Canadian citizenship at birth under the provisions of Canadian law.
- Footnote 9
'Canadian citizens by naturalization' includes persons who were not Canadian citizens at birth but acquired citizenship under the provisions of Canadian law. They are immigrants to Canada who acquired Canadian citizenship through the citizenship application process.
- Footnote 10
'Not Canadian citizens' includes persons who are not citizens of Canada. They may be citizens of one or more other countries. Persons who are stateless are included in this category.
Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016186.
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