Data tables, 2016 Census

Aboriginal Mother Tongue (90), Single and Multiple Mother Tongue Responses (3), Aboriginal Identity (9), Registered or Treaty Indian Status (3), Residence by Aboriginal Geography (10) and Age (12) for the Population in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data

Data table

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This table details aboriginal mother tongue , single and multiple mother tongue responses , aboriginal identity , registered or treaty indian status , residence by aboriginal geography and age for the population in private households in Canada
Data quality
Aboriginal mother tongue (90) Single and multiple mother tongue responses (3)
Total - Single and multiple mother tongue responsesFootnote 4 Single mother tongue responsesFootnote 5 Multiple mother tongue responsesFootnote 6
Total - Mother tongueFootnote 7 34,460,065 33,674,415 785,645
Official languages 27,199,985 26,414,335 785,645
English 20,050,615 19,349,065 701,550
French 7,337,675 7,065,270 272,395
Non-official languages 7,888,550 7,260,085 628,465
Aboriginal languages 209,565 192,645 16,925
Algonquian languages 140,490 128,225 12,265
Blackfoot 3,270 2,720 550
Cree-Montagnais languages 94,410 86,935 7,470
Atikamekw 6,290 6,165 125
Montagnais (Innu) 10,490 10,080 415
Moose Cree 140 105 35
Naskapi 1,245 1,205 35
Northern East Cree 395 355 45
Plains Cree 3,595 3,120 475
Southern East Cree 10 15 0
Swampy Cree 1,760 1,425 335
Woods Cree 2,145 1,925 220
Cree, n.o.s. 68,335 62,550 5,790
Eastern Algonquian languages 7,405 6,885 515
Malecite 355 285 65
Mi'kmaq 7,050 6,605 450
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 35,375 31,655 3,715
Algonquin 1,580 1,255 325
Ojibway 19,835 17,335 2,500
Oji-Cree 13,790 12,920 870
Ottawa (Odawa) 165 145 20
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 35 25 0
Athabaskan languages 18,835 17,385 1,450
Northern Athabaskan languages 18,770 17,345 1,425
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 125 105 15
Beaver 220 190 35
Carrier 1,270 1,045 225
Chilcotin 800 660 145
Dene 11,435 10,810 625
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,740 1,680 60
Gwich'in 270 230 35
Sarsi (Sarcee) 60 50 0
Sekani 110 95 10
Slavey-Hare languages 2,100 1,945 155
North Slavey (Hare) 800 735 60
South Slavey 975 920 50
Slavey, n.o.s. 330 290 40
Tahltan languages 295 255 35
Kaska (Nahani) 185 170 20
Tahltan 105 95 15
Tutchone languages 360 280 80
Northern Tutchone 280 210 70
Southern Tutchone 80 65 15
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25
Haida 150 100 55
Inuit languages 37,515 36,380 1,145
Inuinnaqtun 660 590 75
Inuktitut 36,015 35,060 960
Inuvialuktun 460 415 40
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 385 315 70
Iroquoian languages 1,250 965 280
Cayuga 30 30 0
Mohawk 1,140 875 265
Oneida 55 40 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10
Kutenai 95 90 10
Michif 755 485 265
Salish languages 2,705 2,175 535
Comox 100 95 0
Halkomelem 530 435 95
Lillooet 355 310 45
Okanagan 330 270 60
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 585 385 200
Squamish 55 30 20
Straits 105 70 30
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 385 340 45
Salish languages, n.i.e. 260 235 25
Siouan languages 4,465 4,170 295
Dakota 1,210 1,100 100
Stoney 3,210 3,025 185
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 50 40 10
Tlingit 110 90 15
Tsimshian languages 1,700 1,465 240
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 1,000 860 140
Nisga'a 455 385 70
Tsimshian 250 225 30
Wakashan languages 1,085 825 255
Haisla 130 85 50
Heiltsuk 115 100 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 445 325 120
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 380 305 75
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 410 300 115
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,678,980 7,067,440 611,545

Symbol(s)

Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period

..

Symbol ...

not applicable

...

Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

x

Symbol F

too unreliable to be published

F

Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the 2016 Census of Population. For more information on Aboriginal variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016 and the Aboriginal Peoples Technical Report, Census of Population, 2016.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the Census of Population.

For more information on Aboriginal variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016 and the Aboriginal Peoples Technical Report, Census of Population, 2016.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

Residence on or off reserve refers to whether the person's usual place of residence is in a census subdivision (CSD) that is defined as 'on reserve' or 'off reserve.'

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the Census of Population.

For more information on Aboriginal variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016 and the Aboriginal Peoples Technical Report, Census of Population, 2016.

Return to footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

The category 'Total - Single and multiple mother tongue responses' indicates the number of respondents who reported each language, either as their only response, or in combination with another language. Total responses represent the sum of single mother tongue responses and multiple mother tongue responses received in the census.

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Footnote 5

A single mother tongue response occurs when a respondent provides one language only.

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Footnote 6

A multiple mother tongue response occurs when a respondent provides two or more languages.

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Footnote 7

n.i.e. = not included elsewhere
n.o.s. = not otherwise specified

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This is a total population count. The sum of the languages in this table is greater than the total population count because a person may report more than one language in the census.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016362.

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