Data tables, 2016 Census
Visible Minority (15), Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (11), Age (12) and Sex (3) for the Population in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data
|Visible minority (15)||Immigrant status and period of immigration (11)|
|Total - Immigrant status and period of immigrationFootnote 1||Non-immigrantsFootnote 2||ImmigrantsFootnote 3||Before 1981||1981 to 1990||1991 to 2000||2001 to 2010||2001 to 2005||2006 to 2010||2011 to 2016Footnote 4||Non-permanent residentsFootnote 5|
|Total - Visible minorityFootnote 6||34,460,065||26,412,615||7,540,830||1,941,505||915,555||1,486,660||1,985,030||928,940||1,056,095||1,212,075||506,625|
|Total visible minority populationFootnote 7||7,674,580||2,438,155||4,864,515||587,025||616,755||1,111,775||1,558,755||719,785||838,975||990,200||371,910|
|South AsianFootnote 8||1,924,635||601,155||1,249,935||147,230||125,950||306,205||433,190||221,795||211,390||237,375||73,540|
|Southeast AsianFootnote 9||313,265||109,650||193,345||32,375||59,725||40,140||39,355||15,500||23,860||21,750||10,270|
|West AsianFootnote 10||264,305||47,355||208,975||4,575||22,120||52,720||77,225||38,640||38,590||52,340||7,975|
|Visible minority, n.i.e.Footnote 11||132,085||54,875||74,040||16,495||13,555||17,935||16,890||7,800||9,090||9,175||3,175|
|Multiple visible minoritiesFootnote 12||232,375||128,910||98,460||19,135||18,310||20,425||25,790||11,425||14,370||14,790||5,000|
|Not a visible minorityFootnote 13||26,785,480||23,974,455||2,676,310||1,354,480||298,795||374,880||426,275||209,155||217,120||221,870||134,720|
- Symbol ..
not available for a specific reference period
- Symbol ...
- Symbol x
suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act
- Symbol F
too unreliable to be published
- Footnote 1
Immigrant status refers to whether the person is a non-immigrant, an immigrant or a non-permanent resident.
Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained landed immigrant or permanent resident status.
For more information on immigration variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Place of Birth, Generation Status, Citizenship and Immigration Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.
- Footnote 2
'Non-immigrants' includes persons who are Canadian citizens by birth.
- Footnote 3
'Immigrants' includes persons who are, or who have ever been, landed immigrants or permanent residents. Such persons have been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Immigrants who have obtained Canadian citizenship by naturalization are included in this category. In the 2016 Census of Population, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada on or prior to May 10, 2016.
- Footnote 4
Includes immigrants who landed in Canada on or prior to May 10, 2016.
- Footnote 5
'Non-permanent residents' includes persons from another country who have a work or study permit or who are refugee claimants, and their family members sharing the same permit and living in Canada with them.
- Footnote 6
For more information on the Visible minority variable, including information on its classification, the questions from which it is derived, data quality and its comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Visible Minority and Population Group Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.
- Footnote 7
The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'
- Footnote 8
For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.
- Footnote 9
For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Laotian,' 'Thai,' etc.
- Footnote 10
For example, 'Afghan,' 'Iranian,' etc.
- Footnote 11
The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes persons with a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.
- Footnote 12
Includes persons who gave more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in responses, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'
- Footnote 13
Includes persons who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal group question (Question 18), as well as persons who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.
Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016191.