Data tables, 2016 Census
Main Mode of Commuting (10), Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (9), Sex (3) and Age (5) for the Employed Labour Force Aged 15 Years and Over Having a Usual Place of Work or No Fixed Workplace Address, in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data
|Main mode of commuting (10)||Immigrant status and period of immigration (9)|
|Total - Immigrant status and period of immigrationFootnote 1||Non-immigrantsFootnote 2||ImmigrantsFootnote 3||Before 2001||2001 to 2010||2001 to 2005||2006 to 2010||2011 to 2016Footnote 4||Non-permanent residentsFootnote 5|
|Total - Main mode of commutingFootnote 6||15,878,940||11,890,610||3,767,810||2,107,935||1,109,985||545,430||564,555||549,890||220,525|
|Car, truck or van||12,617,015||9,792,525||2,729,715||1,644,025||768,810||388,540||380,270||316,875||94,775|
|2 or more persons shared the ride to work||1,916,965||1,378,475||512,145||265,585||159,065||74,190||84,875||87,495||26,345|
|Driver, with 1 or more passengers||1,048,045||743,305||292,450||163,225||88,655||42,710||45,945||40,570||12,290|
|Passenger, 2 or more persons in the vehicle||868,920||635,170||219,700||102,360||70,405||31,475||38,925||46,930||14,050|
- Symbol ..
not available for a specific reference period
- Symbol ...
- Symbol x
suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act
- Symbol F
too unreliable to be published
- Footnote 1
Immigrant status refers to whether the person is a non-immigrant, an immigrant or a non-permanent resident.
Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained landed immigrant or permanent resident status.
For more information on immigration variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Place of Birth, Generation Status, Citizenship and Immigration Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.
- Footnote 2
'Non-immigrants' includes persons who are Canadian citizens by birth.
- Footnote 3
'Immigrants' includes persons who are, or who have ever been, landed immigrants or permanent residents. Such persons have been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Immigrants who have obtained Canadian citizenship by naturalization are included in this category. In the 2016 Census of Population, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada on or prior to May 10, 2016.
- Footnote 4
Includes immigrants who landed in Canada on or prior to May 10, 2016.
- Footnote 5
'Non-permanent residents' includes persons from another country who have a work or study permit or who are refugee claimants, and their family members sharing the same permit and living in Canada with them.
- Footnote 6
The census assumes that the commute to work originates from the usual place of residence, but this may not always be the case. Sometimes, respondents may be on a business trip and may have reported their place of work or main mode of commuting based on where they were working during the trip. Some persons maintain a residence close to work and commute to their home on weekends. Students often work after school at a location near their school. As a result, the data may show unusual commutes or unusual main modes of commuting.
Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016330.
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