Data tables, 2016 Census

Main Mode of Commuting (10), Highest Certificate, Diploma or Degree (7), Sex (3) and Age (5) for the Employed Labour Force Aged 15 Years and Over Having a Usual Place of Work or No Fixed Workplace Address, in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data

Data table

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This table details main mode of commuting , highest certificate, diploma or degree , sex and age for the employed labour force aged 15 years and over having a usual place of work or no fixed workplace address, in private households in Canada
Data quality
Main mode of commuting (10) Highest certificate, diploma or degree (7)
Total - Highest certificate, diploma or degreeFootnote 1 No certificate, diploma or degree Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificateFootnote 2 Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diplomaFootnote 3 College, CEGEP or other non-university certificate or diploma University certificate or diploma below bachelor level University certificate, diploma or degree at bachelor level or above
Total - Main mode of commutingFootnote 4 15,878,940 1,616,190 4,069,025 1,706,285 3,582,495 468,720 4,436,225
Car, truck or van 12,617,015 1,278,880 3,250,180 1,495,980 2,972,825 366,125 3,253,015
Driver, alone 10,700,050 929,300 2,701,330 1,311,500 2,621,320 319,650 2,816,950
2 or more persons shared the ride to work 1,916,965 349,585 548,855 184,475 351,505 46,480 436,065
Driver, with 1 or more passengers 1,048,045 128,325 267,150 128,785 216,160 29,675 277,945
Passenger, 2 or more persons in the vehicle 868,920 221,260 281,705 55,690 135,340 16,805 158,120
Sustainable transportation 3,068,335 308,795 769,985 182,390 567,600 96,720 1,142,835
Public transit 1,968,220 163,110 485,530 106,960 380,045 69,305 763,270
Active transport 1,100,115 145,690 284,465 75,430 187,560 27,420 379,565
Other method 193,590 28,510 48,855 27,920 42,075 5,860 40,370


Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period


Symbol ...

not applicable


Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act


Symbol F

too unreliable to be published



Footnote 1

Users are advised to consult data quality comments for 'Highest certificate, diploma or degree,' available in the Education Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016, Catalogue no. 98-500-X2016013.

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Footnote 2

'Secondary (high) school diploma or equivalency certificate' includes only people who have this as their highest educational qualification. It excludes persons with a postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree.

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Footnote 3

'Apprenticeship or trades certificate or diploma' includes Certificates of Apprenticeship, Certificates of Qualification and Journeyperson's designations, as well as other trades certificates or diplomas such as pre-employment or vocational certificates and diplomas from brief trade programs completed at community colleges, institutes of technology, vocational centres and similar institutions.

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Footnote 4

The census assumes that the commute to work originates from the usual place of residence, but this may not always be the case. Sometimes, respondents may be on a business trip and may have reported their place of work or main mode of commuting based on where they were working during the trip. Some persons maintain a residence close to work and commute to their home on weekends. Students often work after school at a location near their school. As a result, the data may show unusual commutes or unusual main modes of commuting.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016331.

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