Data tables, 2016 Census

Individual MBM Low-income Status (6) and Economic Family Characteristics of Persons (25) for the Population in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data

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This table details individual mbm low-income status and economic family characteristics of persons for the population in private households in Canada
Data quality
Economic family characteristics of persons (25) Individual MBM low-income status (6)
Total - Individual MBM low-income statusFootnote 1 Low-income status - not applicableFootnote 2 Low-income status - applicable In low income Not in low income Prevalence of low income (%)Footnote 3
Total - Persons by selected economic family characteristicsFootnote 4 34,460,065 491,875 33,968,190 4,367,155 29,601,035 12.9
Persons in economic familiesFootnote 5 29,161,010 445,335 28,715,675 2,832,865 25,882,815 9.9
In couple economic families 24,919,270 326,510 24,592,760 1,757,355 22,835,400 7.1
In a couple economic family without children or other relatives 7,412,805 51,170 7,361,635 433,465 6,928,170 5.9
In a couple economic family with children 17,023,350 263,475 16,759,880 1,299,355 15,460,520 7.8
With children aged 0 to 17 years 12,838,960 230,215 12,608,740 1,140,130 11,468,610 9.0
Without children aged 0 to 5 years 6,815,035 89,965 6,725,075 494,435 6,230,635 7.4
With children aged 0 to 5 years 6,023,925 140,255 5,883,670 645,695 5,237,975 11.0
In a couple economic family with other relatives only 483,110 11,865 471,250 24,540 446,710 5.2
In lone-parent economic families 3,936,700 111,140 3,825,560 1,015,420 2,810,135 26.5
In a male lone-parent economic family 811,115 28,115 783,000 148,100 634,895 18.9
In a male lone-parent economic family without other relatives 704,215 15,425 688,795 134,470 554,320 19.5
With children aged 0 to 17 years 384,420 9,545 374,870 101,265 273,605 27.0
Without children aged 0 to 5 years 307,045 6,725 300,325 72,570 227,755 24.2
With children aged 0 to 5 years 77,370 2,830 74,545 28,700 45,850 38.5
In a female lone-parent economic family 3,125,585 83,025 3,042,560 867,315 2,175,240 28.5
In a female lone-parent economic family without other relatives 2,759,505 55,035 2,704,470 814,225 1,890,245 30.1
With children aged 0 to 17 years 1,672,285 40,475 1,631,805 669,640 962,175 41.0
Without children aged 0 to 5 years 1,140,755 21,825 1,118,930 367,985 750,945 32.9
With children aged 0 to 5 years 531,530 18,655 512,875 301,650 211,225 58.8
In other economic families 305,045 7,685 297,355 60,080 237,275 20.2
Persons not in economic families 5,299,055 46,540 5,252,515 1,534,290 3,718,225 29.2
Persons not in economic families aged 15 to 29 yearsFootnote 6 1,031,960 7,565 1,024,405 463,930 560,465 45.3
Persons not in economic families aged 30 to 64 years 2,742,810 28,310 2,714,495 798,720 1,915,775 29.4
Persons not in economic families aged 65 years and over 1,524,280 10,660 1,513,615 271,635 1,241,980 17.9

Symbol(s)

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not available for a specific reference period

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not applicable

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suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

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too unreliable to be published

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Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

Market Basket Measure (MBM) - Market Basket Measure refers to the measure of low income based on the cost of a specific basket of goods and services representing a modest, basic standard of living developed by Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC). The threshold represents the costs of specified qualities and quantities of food, clothing, footwear, transportation, shelter and other expenses for a reference family of two adults and two children. The square root of economic family size is the equivalence scale used to adjust the MBM thresholds for other family sizes.

The MBM basket (2011-base) is priced for 50 different geographic areas - 19 specific communities and 31 population centre size and province combinations. The MBM recognises the potential differences in the cost of the basket between similar-sized communities in different provinces and between different geographical regions within provinces. These thresholds are presented in Table 4.5 Market Basket Measure (MBM) thresholds for economic families and persons not in economic families, 2015, Dictionary, Census of Population, 2016.

The income measure used to compare against the MBM thresholds is the disposal income for the MBM. When the disposable income for the MBM of an economic family member or a person not in economic family falls below the threshold applicable to the person, the person is considered to be in low income according to MBM. Since the MBM threshold and disposable income are unique within each economic family, low-income status based on MBM can also be reported for economic families.

Low-income status - The income situation of the statistical unit in relation to a specific low-income line in a reference year. Statistical units with income that is below the low-income line are considered to be in low income.

For the 2016 Census, the reference period is the calendar year 2015 for all income variables.

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Footnote 2

The low-income concepts are not applied in the territories and in certain areas based on census subdivision type (such as Indian reserves). The existence of substantial in-kind transfers (such as subsidized housing and First Nations band housing) and sizeable barter economies or consumption from own production (such as product from hunting, farming or fishing) could make the interpretation of low-income statistics more difficult in these situations.

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Footnote 3

Prevalence of low income - The proportion or percentage of units whose income falls below a specified low-income line.

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Footnote 4

For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Economic family; Economic family structure.

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Footnote 5

The way that economic families are classified by economic family structure depends on who is selected as the economic family reference person. For the 2016 Census, the criteria for determining who is the economic family reference person changed slightly. Data appearing in this table for 2011, 2006 or 2001, as the case may be, have been updated to reflect the 2016 procedures in order to provide comparable data for all years shown. For more information, refer to the Families Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

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Footnote 6

For years prior to 2016, a small number of persons not in economic families may be aged less than 15 years. They are included with persons not in economic families aged 15 to 29 years in this table.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016148.

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