Data tables, 2016 Census

Aboriginal Mother Tongue (90), Single and Multiple Mother Tongue Responses (3), Aboriginal Identity (9), Registered or Treaty Indian Status (3) and Age (12) for the Population in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data

Data table

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This table details aboriginal mother tongue , single and multiple mother tongue responses , aboriginal identity , registered or treaty indian status and age for the population in private households in Canada
Data quality
Aboriginal mother tongue (90) Single and multiple mother tongue responses (3)
Total - Single and multiple mother tongue responsesFootnote 3 Single mother tongue responsesFootnote 4 Multiple mother tongue responsesFootnote 5
Total - Mother tongueFootnote 6 34,460,065 33,674,415 785,645
Official languages 27,199,985 26,414,335 785,650
English 20,050,615 19,349,060 701,550
French 7,337,670 7,065,275 272,400
Non-official languages 7,888,550 7,260,080 628,470
Aboriginal languages 209,565 192,640 16,925
Algonquian languages 140,490 128,225 12,265
Blackfoot 3,270 2,720 550
Cree-Montagnais languages 94,405 86,935 7,470
Atikamekw 6,295 6,165 125
Montagnais (Innu) 10,495 10,075 415
Moose Cree 140 105 35
Naskapi 1,240 1,205 35
Northern East Cree 395 350 50
Plains Cree 3,590 3,120 470
Southern East Cree 15 15 0
Swampy Cree 1,765 1,430 330
Woods Cree 2,145 1,925 220
Cree, n.o.s. 68,335 62,550 5,785
Eastern Algonquian languages 7,405 6,890 515
Malecite 355 285 70
Mi'kmaq 7,055 6,605 450
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 35,370 31,655 3,715
Algonquin 1,575 1,255 325
Ojibway 19,835 17,335 2,500
Oji-Cree 13,795 12,925 870
Ottawa (Odawa) 165 145 25
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 35 25 10
Athabaskan languages 18,830 17,385 1,450
Northern Athabaskan languages 18,770 17,345 1,430
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 120 110 15
Beaver 220 190 30
Carrier 1,270 1,045 225
Chilcotin 805 660 145
Dene 11,435 10,810 625
Dogrib (Tlicho) 1,740 1,680 60
Gwich'in 265 230 35
Sarsi (Sarcee) 60 50 10
Sekani 110 100 15
Slavey-Hare languages 2,100 1,945 155
North Slavey (Hare) 800 735 60
South Slavey 970 925 50
Slavey, n.o.s. 330 285 45
Tahltan languages 295 260 35
Kaska (Nahani) 190 165 20
Tahltan 105 90 10
Tutchone languages 360 275 80
Northern Tutchone 280 215 65
Southern Tutchone 80 65 15
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25
Haida 155 95 60
Inuit languages 37,520 36,375 1,145
Inuinnaqtun 665 590 75
Inuktitut 36,015 35,055 955
Inuvialuktun 460 415 40
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 380 315 65
Iroquoian languages 1,245 965 280
Cayuga 30 25 0
Mohawk 1,140 875 265
Oneida 55 35 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 0
Kutenai 100 85 0
Michif 750 485 265
Salish languages 2,700 2,175 530
Comox 100 95 10
Halkomelem 535 435 95
Lillooet 360 315 45
Okanagan 330 270 65
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 580 380 200
Squamish 55 30 20
Straits 105 70 35
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 385 340 45
Salish languages, n.i.e. 260 235 25
Siouan languages 4,465 4,170 295
Dakota 1,205 1,105 105
Stoney 3,210 3,025 185
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 50 40 10
Tlingit 110 90 15
Tsimshian languages 1,705 1,465 240
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 1,000 860 140
Nisga'a 455 380 70
Tsimshian 250 220 30
Wakashan languages 1,085 825 260
Haisla 130 85 45
Heiltsuk 115 100 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 450 325 120
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 380 305 75
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 415 295 115
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,678,985 7,067,440 611,545

Symbol(s)

Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period

..

Symbol ...

not applicable

...

Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act

x

Symbol F

too unreliable to be published

F

Footnote(s)

Footnote 1

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the 2016 Census of Population. For more information on Aboriginal variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016 and the Aboriginal Peoples Technical Report, Census of Population, 2016.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Users should be aware that the estimates associated with this variable are more affected than most by the incomplete enumeration of certain Indian reserves and Indian settlements in the Census of Population.

For more information on Aboriginal variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Aboriginal Peoples Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016 and the Aboriginal Peoples Technical Report, Census of Population, 2016.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

The category 'Total - Single and multiple mother tongue responses' indicates the number of respondents who reported each language, either as their only response, or in combination with another language. Total responses represent the sum of single mother tongue responses and multiple mother tongue responses received in the census.

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Footnote 4

A single mother tongue response occurs when a respondent provides one language only.

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Footnote 5

A multiple mother tongue response occurs when a respondent provides two or more languages.

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Footnote 6

n.i.e. = not included elsewhere
n.o.s. = not otherwise specified

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This is a total population count. The sum of the languages in this table is greater than the total population count because a person may report more than one language in the census.

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Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016363.

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