Data tables, 2016 Census

Selected Demographic, Cultural, Educational, Labour Force and Income Characteristics (984), First Official Language Spoken (6), Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (10), Age (8B) and Sex (3) for the Population in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data

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This table details selected demographic, cultural, educational, labour force and income characteristics , first official language spoken , immigrant status and period of immigration , age and sex for the population in private households in Canada
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Selected Demographic, Cultural, Educational, Labour Force and Income Characteristics (984) First official language spoken (6)
Total - First official language spoken English French English and French Neither English nor French Official language minority (number)Footnote 2
Population in private households - 25% sample data 34,460,065 25,813,360 7,603,935 412,625 630,145 7,810,245
Total - Age groups, average age and median age for the population in private households - 25% sample data 34,460,065 25,813,360 7,603,935 412,625 630,145 7,810,245
0 to 14 years 5,817,045 4,392,030 1,231,810 82,050 111,160 1,272,835
0 to 4 years 1,891,500 1,379,410 403,020 16,655 92,420 411,345
5 to 9 years 2,011,280 1,529,135 440,190 28,565 13,390 454,470
10 to 14 years 1,914,265 1,483,485 388,600 36,835 5,345 407,015
15 to 64 years 23,163,110 17,574,670 5,032,135 294,840 261,465 5,179,550
15 to 19 years 2,010,050 1,575,895 390,725 39,060 4,365 410,255
20 to 24 years 2,221,680 1,732,940 449,195 33,670 5,870 466,030
25 to 29 years 2,266,035 1,772,165 452,615 28,955 12,300 467,095
30 to 34 years 2,310,540 1,788,745 473,555 33,180 15,060 490,145
35 to 39 years 2,270,685 1,703,665 511,435 37,860 17,720 530,365
40 to 44 years 2,237,095 1,705,880 472,460 34,085 24,670 489,505
45 to 49 years 2,339,335 1,789,925 485,670 30,060 33,670 500,700
50 to 54 years 2,652,640 1,980,355 603,355 24,230 44,705 615,475
55 to 59 years 2,592,720 1,894,545 631,615 18,915 47,650 641,070
60 to 64 years 2,262,335 1,630,555 561,510 14,815 55,450 568,920
65 years and over 5,479,910 3,846,660 1,339,995 35,735 257,525 1,357,860
65 to 69 years 1,943,420 1,387,815 483,970 12,665 58,970 490,300
70 to 74 years 1,383,845 955,060 366,075 8,840 53,875 370,495
75 to 79 years 968,540 671,845 235,375 6,950 54,375 238,850
80 to 84 years 661,710 461,530 149,565 4,350 46,270 151,735
85 years and over 522,400 370,415 105,010 2,930 44,040 106,475
85 to 89 years 364,360 257,165 76,270 2,095 28,825 77,320
90 to 94 years 130,150 93,485 24,095 720 11,845 24,460
95 to 99 years 25,100 17,915 4,240 105 2,840 4,295
100 years and over 2,790 1,850 405 0 530 405
Average age 40.5 39.9 41.9 34.6 52.5 not applicable ...
Median age 40.7 39.8 43.0 33.5 59.8 not applicable ...
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 3 28,643,015 21,421,330 6,372,125 330,570 518,985 6,537,415
Married or living common law 16,733,345 12,490,365 3,712,615 181,655 348,710 3,803,440
Married 13,223,980 10,520,650 2,197,460 165,460 340,415 2,280,190
Living common law 3,509,365 1,969,715 1,515,160 16,195 8,300 1,523,255
Not married and not living common law 11,909,675 8,930,965 2,659,515 148,920 170,275 2,733,970
Never married 8,082,625 6,127,125 1,806,770 119,655 29,075 1,866,600
Separated 696,915 574,405 103,250 6,060 13,195 106,280
Divorced 1,760,515 1,271,990 444,410 16,100 28,015 452,465
Widowed 1,369,620 957,440 305,075 7,105 99,990 308,635
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 4 28,643,015 21,421,330 6,372,125 330,575 518,985 6,537,410
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 27,489,395 20,506,585 6,183,910 305,315 493,590 not applicable ...
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,487 49,514 43,581 37,577 18,330 not applicable ...
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,205 35,110 34,367 26,903 15,808 not applicable ...
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 27,500,230 20,515,470 6,185,560 305,355 493,840 not applicable ...
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,977 40,566 35,814 31,681 17,120 not applicable ...
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,861 31,724 30,589 25,349 15,637 not applicable ...
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 24,584,070 18,504,450 5,512,070 272,415 295,125 not applicable ...
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,885 49,167 41,357 36,357 16,767 not applicable ...
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,754 33,960 31,297 24,585 10,399 not applicable ...
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 19,742,130 14,336,170 4,723,670 238,685 443,600 not applicable ...
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,738 7,363 8,794 6,572 9,240 not applicable ...
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,457 4,561 7,762 3,078 9,074 not applicable ...
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 20,428,670 15,546,325 4,479,775 231,950 170,620 not applicable ...
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,057 47,841 41,281 36,863 21,374 not applicable ...
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,683 34,565 32,507 26,691 16,252 not applicable ...
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 25% sample dataFootnote 5 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 not applicable ...
Market income (%)Footnote 6 88.3 89.6 84.6 86.3 54.7 not applicable ...
Employment income (%)Footnote 7 72.1 73.3 68.6 74.5 40.3 not applicable ...
Government transfers (%)Footnote 8 11.7 10.4 15.4 13.7 45.3 not applicable ...
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 9 28,643,015 21,421,330 6,372,130 330,575 518,985 6,537,415
Without total income 1,153,620 914,745 188,220 25,255 25,400 200,845
With total income 27,489,400 20,506,585 6,183,905 305,320 493,590 6,336,565
Percentage with total income 96.0 95.7 97.0 92.4 95.1 96.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,871,860 2,983,600 692,610 62,430 133,225 723,825
$10,000 to $19,999 4,683,950 3,304,345 1,110,155 57,680 211,760 1,139,000
$20,000 to $29,999 3,812,950 2,759,040 930,300 44,975 78,635 952,785
$30,000 to $39,999 3,205,135 2,309,730 825,880 35,245 34,285 843,505
$40,000 to $49,999 2,825,565 2,045,605 734,550 29,220 16,185 749,155
$50,000 to $59,999 2,182,490 1,613,060 541,085 20,815 7,530 551,490
$60,000 to $69,999 1,653,910 1,256,935 378,080 14,530 4,360 385,345
$70,000 to $79,999 1,270,955 966,925 290,910 10,545 2,575 296,180
$80,000 to $89,999 966,275 761,120 195,445 8,125 1,595 199,505
$90,000 to $99,999 749,655 612,510 130,335 5,995 820 133,335
$100,000 and over 2,266,650 1,893,720 354,565 15,760 2,610 362,440
$100,000 to $149,999 1,494,075 1,235,660 245,390 11,175 1,845 250,980
$150,000 and over 772,580 658,060 109,175 4,580 760 111,465
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 10 28,643,015 21,421,330 6,372,125 330,570 518,990 6,537,410
Without after-tax income 1,142,785 905,865 186,565 25,220 25,145 199,175
With after-tax income 27,500,230 20,515,470 6,185,565 305,360 493,840 6,338,240
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 95.8 97.1 92.4 95.2 97.0
Under $10,000 (including loss) 3,999,050 3,075,865 725,105 63,155 134,930 756,680
$10,000 to $19,999 4,910,175 3,468,380 1,166,760 59,790 215,245 1,196,650
$20,000 to $29,999 4,492,315 3,218,455 1,137,820 52,180 83,860 1,163,910
$30,000 to $39,999 3,924,460 2,785,730 1,062,240 43,030 33,460 1,083,755
$40,000 to $49,999 3,144,765 2,312,090 787,730 31,525 13,420 803,495
$50,000 to $59,999 2,210,930 1,680,255 505,285 19,510 5,880 515,040
$60,000 to $69,999 1,536,595 1,203,925 316,700 12,885 3,085 323,140
$70,000 to $79,999 1,076,165 886,760 179,315 8,675 1,420 183,650
$80,000 and over 2,205,770 1,884,000 304,610 14,615 2,545 311,920
$80,000 to $89,999 689,995 581,030 103,025 5,110 830 105,575
$90,000 to $99,999 422,280 358,940 59,835 2,990 520 61,330
$100,000 and over 1,093,500 944,030 141,755 6,515 1,195 145,010
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 11 28,643,015 21,421,330 6,372,130 330,570 518,985 6,537,415
Without employment income 8,214,345 5,875,005 1,892,350 98,625 348,365 1,941,665
With employment income 20,428,675 15,546,325 4,479,775 231,950 170,620 4,595,750
Percentage with employment income 71.3 72.6 70.3 70.2 32.9 70.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 2,779,850 2,137,875 581,570 34,795 25,600 598,970
$5,000 to $9,999 1,600,435 1,208,475 341,815 22,690 27,455 353,160
$10,000 to $19,999 2,733,160 2,013,330 635,300 38,460 46,075 654,525
$20,000 to $29,999 2,294,500 1,687,230 546,725 29,250 31,295 561,355
$30,000 to $39,999 2,151,840 1,567,295 540,135 26,140 18,275 553,205
$40,000 to $49,999 1,927,855 1,432,775 464,225 21,005 9,855 474,725
$50,000 to $59,999 1,556,485 1,178,395 357,520 15,835 4,735 365,435
$60,000 to $69,999 1,220,235 936,825 269,405 11,225 2,785 275,015
$70,000 to $79,999 992,845 755,265 227,535 8,430 1,615 231,750
$80,000 and over 3,171,465 2,628,865 515,550 24,125 2,925 527,615
$80,000 to $89,999 772,625 619,130 145,970 6,545 990 149,240
$90,000 to $99,999 625,165 517,620 101,900 5,070 580 104,435
$100,000 and over 1,773,670 1,492,115 267,685 12,515 1,355 273,940
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 12 28,643,015 21,421,330 6,372,130 330,570 518,990 6,537,415
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataFootnote 13 9,367,045 7,240,640 1,984,640 95,225 46,545 not applicable ...
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Footnote 14 53,431 55,189 48,661 46,341 27,913 not applicable ...
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Footnote 15 65,997 68,627 57,694 55,849 31,656 not applicable ...
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the population in private households - 25% Sample DataFootnote 16 34,460,065 25,813,360 7,603,935 412,625 630,150 7,810,245
English only 23,575,260 23,575,265 0 0 0 0
French only 4,069,950 0 4,069,950 0 0 4,069,950
English and French 6,173,000 2,228,330 3,532,260 412,405 0 3,738,460
Neither English nor French 641,855 9,760 1,725 220 630,145 1,840
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the population in private households - 25% Sample DataFootnote 17 34,460,060 25,813,355 7,603,935 412,625 630,150 7,810,250
English 22,031,185 21,614,925 416,265 0 0 416,260
French 6,842,955 68,525 6,774,425 0 0 6,774,430
Non-official language 3,950,055 2,817,825 182,120 319,965 630,150 342,095
Aboriginal 117,680 91,845 11,815 6,770 7,250 15,200
Non-Aboriginal 3,832,370 2,725,980 170,300 313,195 622,900 326,895
English and French 154,380 31,860 69,690 52,830 0 96,105
English and non-official language 1,269,705 1,266,445 3,260 0 0 3,260
French and non-official language 147,045 1,825 145,220 0 0 145,220
English, French and non-official language 64,740 11,945 12,965 39,830 0 32,875
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the population in private households - 25% Sample DataFootnote 18 34,460,065 25,813,360 7,603,935 412,625 630,150 7,810,250
None 29,383,505 22,118,950 6,469,240 213,000 582,320 6,575,735
English 2,068,440 1,372,435 590,710 82,305 22,995 631,860
French 723,500 371,345 290,275 59,490 2,385 320,025
Non-official language 2,131,120 1,878,855 215,460 15,215 21,595 223,070
Aboriginal 88,800 86,285 2,435 70 10 2,470
Non-Aboriginal 2,042,320 1,792,570 213,025 15,140 21,585 220,600
English and French 46,490 3,045 3,660 39,360 425 23,340
English and non-official language 57,810 26,910 29,505 1,025 375 30,015
French and non-official language 47,085 41,610 4,965 480 30 5,205
English, French and non-official language 2,120 210 120 1,755 30 1,000
Total - Mother tongue for the population in private households - 25% Sample DataFootnote 19 34,460,065 25,813,355 7,603,935 412,625 630,145 7,810,245
English 19,349,065 19,344,830 4,235 0 0 4,235
French 7,065,270 38,540 7,026,735 0 0 7,026,735
Non-official language 7,260,080 5,821,735 453,380 354,820 630,150 630,790
Aboriginal 192,640 164,100 14,430 6,815 7,295 17,840
Non-Aboriginal 7,067,435 5,657,630 438,950 348,005 622,850 612,950
English and French 157,180 79,370 34,540 43,270 0 56,175
English and non-official language 513,245 512,830 420 0 0 420
French and non-official language 84,095 3,580 80,515 0 0 80,515
English, French and non-official language 31,120 12,480 4,115 14,535 0 11,380
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 20 34,460,065 25,813,355 7,603,935 412,625 630,145 7,810,250
Official languages 33,818,215 25,803,600 7,602,205 412,410 0 7,808,410
English 29,748,265 25,803,595 3,532,260 412,405 0 3,738,460
French 10,242,945 2,228,335 7,602,205 412,410 0 7,808,410
Non-official languages 9,369,280 7,413,760 948,880 376,495 630,150 1,137,125
Aboriginal languages 263,840 231,725 17,915 6,935 7,265 21,385
Non-Aboriginal languages 9,107,075 7,183,335 931,200 369,635 622,905 1,116,015
Total - Aboriginal identity for the population in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 21 34,460,065 25,813,355 7,603,935 412,625 630,150 7,810,245
Aboriginal identityFootnote 22 1,673,780 1,469,205 188,020 8,865 7,695 192,455
Single Aboriginal responsesFootnote 23 1,629,800 1,433,330 180,045 8,755 7,660 184,425
First Nations (North American Indian)Footnote 24 977,230 897,480 71,175 5,110 3,465 73,730
Métis 587,545 479,160 107,000 1,190 190 107,595
Inuk (Inuit) 65,025 56,690 1,870 2,455 4,010 3,095
Multiple Aboriginal responsesFootnote 25 21,310 17,895 3,345 55 15 3,370
Aboriginal responses not included elsewhereFootnote 26 22,670 17,980 4,630 50 15 4,655
Non-Aboriginal identity 32,786,280 24,344,155 7,415,915 403,765 622,450 7,617,795
Total - Population by Registered or Treaty Indian status for the population in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 27 34,460,065 25,813,355 7,603,935 412,625 630,145 7,810,250
Registered or Treaty IndianFootnote 28 820,120 756,020 55,880 4,890 3,330 58,325
Not a Registered or Treaty Indian 33,639,945 25,057,335 7,548,055 407,735 626,815 7,751,920
Total - Aboriginal ancestry for the population in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 29 34,460,060 25,813,355 7,603,935 412,620 630,150 7,810,245
Aboriginal ancestry (only)Footnote 30 727,785 618,850 96,225 5,965 6,755 99,205
Single Aboriginal ancestry (only)Footnote 31 709,235 603,275 93,465 5,815 6,680 96,375
First Nations (North American Indian) single ancestryFootnote 32 573,220 497,035 69,110 3,840 3,235 71,025
Métis single ancestry 91,255 67,870 23,100 230 60 23,210
Inuit single ancestry 44,760 38,370 1,260 1,750 3,380 2,130
Multiple Aboriginal ancestries (only)Footnote 33 18,550 15,575 2,760 145 70 2,835
First Nations (North American Indian) and Métis ancestries 15,145 12,635 2,475 20 10 2,485
First Nations (North American Indian) and Inuit ancestries 2,470 2,095 200 120 60 255
Métis and Inuit ancestries 770 695 65 10 0 70
First Nations (North American Indian), Métis and Inuit ancestries 170 145 20 10 0 25
Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal ancestriesFootnote 34 1,402,735 1,111,695 285,260 4,780 995 287,650
Single Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal ancestriesFootnote 35 1,347,610 1,064,380 277,765 4,530 925 280,030
First Nations (North American Indian) and non-Aboriginal ancestries 881,455 672,315 205,910 2,925 300 207,370
Métis and non-Aboriginal ancestries 441,005 370,175 69,795 980 55 70,285
Inuit and non-Aboriginal ancestries 25,155 21,895 2,060 630 565 2,375
Multiple Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal ancestriesFootnote 36 55,125 47,315 7,500 240 70 7,620
First Nations (North American Indian), Métis and non-Aboriginal ancestries 49,320 42,285 6,865 140 30 6,940
First Nations (North American Indian), Inuit and non-Aboriginal ancestries 3,470 2,925 420 90 30 465
Métis, Inuit and non-Aboriginal ancestries 2,010 1,810 180 15 0 185
First Nations (North American Indian), Métis, Inuit and non-Aboriginal ancestries 325 295 35 0 0 30
Non-Aboriginal ancestry (only)Footnote 37 32,329,545 24,082,815 7,222,450 401,880 622,400 7,423,390
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 38 34,460,065 25,813,360 7,603,935 412,620 630,150 7,810,245
Canadian citizensFootnote 39 32,034,585 23,948,895 7,355,950 341,785 387,955 7,526,840
Canadian citizens only 30,592,180 22,868,005 7,127,160 251,665 345,355 7,252,990
Citizens of Canada and at least one other country 1,442,405 1,080,890 228,790 90,120 42,595 273,850
Not Canadian citizensFootnote 40 2,425,480 1,864,460 247,985 70,840 242,195 283,405
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 41 34,460,060 25,813,355 7,603,935 412,625 630,145 7,810,245
Non-immigrantsFootnote 42 26,412,610 19,313,425 6,869,730 136,480 92,970 6,937,970
ImmigrantsFootnote 43 7,540,830 6,086,335 679,720 265,320 509,460 812,375
Before 1981 1,941,510 1,701,690 126,570 38,795 74,440 145,975
1981 to 1990 915,555 747,620 74,575 30,180 63,180 89,665
1991 to 2000 1,486,660 1,205,715 111,710 50,585 118,645 137,005
2001 to 2010 1,985,030 1,540,140 217,720 98,555 128,615 267,000
2001 to 2005 928,940 733,840 91,240 45,020 58,840 113,750
2006 to 2010 1,056,095 806,305 126,485 53,530 69,775 153,250
2011 to 2016Footnote 44 1,212,075 891,170 149,130 47,200 124,580 172,730
Non-permanent residentsFootnote 45 506,620 413,595 54,490 10,820 27,720 59,900
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 46 7,540,830 6,086,335 679,720 265,320 509,460 812,375
Under 5 years 731,335 610,440 81,320 25,275 14,305 93,955
5 to 14 years 1,311,810 1,135,590 108,545 55,165 12,515 136,130
15 to 24 years 1,604,435 1,381,745 123,425 50,685 48,575 148,770
25 to 44 years 3,198,920 2,557,640 326,940 123,580 190,755 388,735
45 years and over 694,320 400,925 39,480 10,615 243,305 44,785
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 47 7,540,825 6,086,335 679,715 265,320 509,455 812,375
Americas 1,128,745 887,335 166,855 52,925 21,635 193,310
Brazil 29,315 21,410 2,975 4,310 625 5,125
Colombia 70,035 40,080 16,350 9,815 3,795 21,255
El Salvador 48,075 34,775 6,460 3,755 3,085 8,340
Guyana 87,680 87,605 35 0 40 35
Haiti 93,480 3,810 82,615 5,250 1,810 85,240
Jamaica 138,345 138,260 40 10 30 50
Mexico 80,590 62,325 8,310 7,315 2,640 11,965
Peru 29,615 15,890 8,130 4,155 1,440 10,205
Trinidad and Tobago 65,035 64,935 70 10 20 75
United StatesFootnote 48 253,715 239,365 11,550 2,455 350 12,775
Other places of birth in Americas 232,855 178,875 30,325 15,845 7,805 38,250
Europe 2,088,410 1,743,350 192,245 75,590 77,220 230,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 36,135 30,685 2,200 1,595 1,645 3,000
Croatia 40,040 37,450 660 695 1,235 1,010
France 105,570 7,280 97,245 1,000 45 97,740
Germany 145,840 139,050 3,940 2,415 440 5,145
Greece 62,715 52,595 915 3,140 6,065 2,485
Hungary 36,820 34,295 650 690 1,185 995
IrelandFootnote 49 28,325 28,210 70 35 10 85
Italy 236,635 179,985 21,085 13,040 22,530 27,605
Netherlands 88,475 87,030 595 750 105 970
Poland 146,470 133,690 3,015 3,745 6,020 4,885
Portugal 139,450 104,570 11,590 4,065 19,225 13,625
Romania 90,305 56,840 11,715 18,855 2,895 21,145
Russian Federation 78,685 64,490 3,990 5,560 4,640 6,770
SerbiaFootnote 50 33,325 30,160 580 1,395 1,190 1,275
Ukraine 73,025 61,450 3,070 4,095 4,420 5,120
United KingdomFootnote 51 499,120 497,730 895 445 50 1,115
Other places of birth in Europe 247,470 197,845 30,030 14,065 5,525 37,065
Africa 637,485 349,945 236,940 41,090 9,510 257,485
Algeria 64,620 1,835 55,690 6,765 330 59,075
Egypt 64,615 44,895 10,925 7,305 1,490 14,580
Ethiopia 32,790 30,860 455 715 750 815
Kenya 27,155 26,505 200 210 235 310
Morocco 69,655 4,040 55,665 9,150 805 60,240
Nigeria 42,435 42,070 175 125 60 235
Somalia 27,235 23,950 795 695 1,790 1,145
South Africa, Republic of 44,660 44,220 245 130 70 310
Other places of birth in Africa 264,320 131,565 112,790 15,990 3,980 120,780
Asia 3,629,160 3,050,080 83,195 95,635 400,245 131,015
Afghanistan 51,960 40,695 2,005 3,185 6,080 3,595
Bangladesh 58,735 54,240 425 2,335 1,730 1,595
ChinaFootnote 52 649,260 447,905 12,180 14,480 174,700 19,420
Hong KongFootnote 53 208,940 190,975 355 1,805 15,800 1,260
India 668,565 587,420 790 5,275 75,075 3,430
IranFootnote 54 154,420 132,805 3,365 10,300 7,955 8,520
Iraq 68,485 57,850 985 1,430 8,220 1,700
Japan 27,245 25,210 480 430 1,125 690
Korea, SouthFootnote 55 123,305 108,210 1,215 2,060 11,820 2,250
Lebanon 88,745 45,835 22,870 16,060 3,980 30,900
Pakistan 202,255 189,930 980 3,670 7,675 2,820
Philippines 588,305 581,200 795 2,830 3,485 2,205
Sri Lanka 132,000 119,940 540 2,515 8,995 1,795
SyriaFootnote 56 52,955 24,860 5,810 5,940 16,350 8,780
Taiwan 63,775 55,280 645 920 6,925 1,100
Viet Nam 169,250 117,885 11,550 8,310 31,500 15,705
Other places of birth in Asia 320,965 269,845 18,205 14,085 18,830 25,245
Oceania and other places of birthFootnote 57 57,025 55,625 485 80 840 525
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 58 1,212,075 891,170 149,130 47,200 124,575 172,735
Americas 152,595 102,355 32,220 11,395 6,625 37,915
Brazil 8,495 5,340 1,205 1,635 310 2,020
Colombia 15,300 6,900 4,580 2,450 1,370 5,805
Cuba 5,370 2,580 1,570 700 520 1,920
Haiti 19,985 925 17,215 1,325 525 17,875
Jamaica 12,495 12,500 0 0 0 0
Mexico 18,660 13,635 1,990 1,895 1,135 2,940
United StatesFootnote 59 33,060 30,850 1,410 540 260 1,675
VenezuelaFootnote 60 6,425 4,295 710 1,095 325 1,260
Other places of birth in Americas 32,795 25,330 3,540 1,745 2,175 4,415
Europe 140,030 91,025 32,600 8,240 8,165 36,720
France 24,150 480 23,460 180 25 23,555
Germany 6,300 5,545 295 330 125 460
IrelandFootnote 61 5,655 5,600 30 20 10 40
MoldovaFootnote 62 5,905 2,020 2,140 1,440 305 2,860
Romania 7,610 3,655 1,180 1,915 855 2,135
Russian Federation 11,570 8,455 615 975 1,530 1,095
Ukraine 13,430 9,860 1,040 940 1,580 1,510
United KingdomFootnote 63 24,445 24,255 90 80 20 135
Other places of birth in Europe 40,975 31,150 3,745 2,365 3,710 4,930
Africa 162,795 74,535 72,900 10,665 4,695 78,230
Algeria 17,175 380 15,225 1,370 205 15,910
Cameroon 10,265 1,670 8,390 185 15 8,480
Congo, Democratic Republic of the 7,400 1,195 5,465 575 170 5,750
Côte d'Ivoire 6,235 105 6,065 65 0 6,095
Egypt 16,115 11,680 1,665 2,190 575 2,760
Eritrea 6,050 5,190 20 10 835 20
Ethiopia 7,510 7,000 65 80 360 105
Morocco 15,100 825 11,765 2,110 405 12,820
Nigeria 17,290 17,170 70 25 25 80
Somalia 5,335 4,430 130 55 725 155
South Africa, Republic of 5,765 5,590 75 45 50 100
Tunisia 6,705 235 5,135 1,225 105 5,745
Other places of birth in Africa 41,850 19,065 18,840 2,730 1,215 20,205
Asia 748,705 615,475 11,285 16,905 105,040 19,735
Afghanistan 9,240 6,850 250 510 1,625 505
Bangladesh 12,900 11,960 20 240 675 140
ChinaFootnote 64 129,015 79,735 1,945 2,825 44,505 3,355
Hong KongFootnote 65 4,970 4,430 35 80 425 75
India 147,190 128,400 130 795 17,865 525
IranFootnote 66 42,070 33,355 1,225 4,215 3,275 3,335
Iraq 20,670 15,435 330 315 4,590 485
Israel 4,740 4,090 205 200 240 310
Japan 4,900 4,575 80 60 190 110
Korea, SouthFootnote 67 21,710 18,825 175 485 2,230 415
Lebanon 9,380 4,450 2,240 1,840 850 3,160
Nepal 7,505 6,575 205 190 520 305
Pakistan 41,480 38,215 245 450 2,565 470
Philippines 188,810 186,830 250 755 975 625
Saudi Arabia 5,460 5,010 145 205 105 250
Sri Lanka 11,495 10,055 50 165 1,225 130
SyriaFootnote 68 29,945 11,675 1,495 1,690 15,090 2,335
Taiwan 4,310 3,835 25 30 420 35
Turkey 4,260 3,275 240 165 575 325
United Arab Emirates 6,135 5,820 95 110 115 145
Viet Nam 11,210 7,460 475 395 2,880 675
Other places of birth in Asia 31,320 24,605 1,425 1,175 4,110 2,015
Oceania and otherFootnote 69 7,955 7,775 125 0 50 125
Australia 4,965 4,930 15 0 15 15
Other places of birthFootnote 70 2,990 2,840 110 0 35 110
Total - Generation status for the population in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 71 34,460,065 25,813,355 7,603,940 412,625 630,150 7,810,245
First generationFootnote 72 8,219,555 6,646,580 754,980 278,255 539,740 894,110
Second generationFootnote 73 6,100,725 5,413,855 511,265 99,100 76,495 560,820
Third generation or moreFootnote 74 20,139,790 13,752,925 6,337,690 35,260 13,910 6,355,325
Total - Admission category and applicant type for the immigrant population in private households who landed between 1980 and 2016 - 25% sample dataFootnote 75 5,703,615 4,468,050 562,820 229,450 443,290 677,545
Economic immigrantsFootnote 76 2,994,130 2,430,605 311,650 143,820 108,055 383,560
Principal applicantsFootnote 77 1,220,755 964,115 149,725 61,890 45,025 180,670
Secondary applicantsFootnote 78 1,773,375 1,466,490 161,925 81,930 63,030 202,895
Immigrants sponsored by familyFootnote 79 1,782,485 1,348,260 150,890 40,135 243,200 170,955
RefugeesFootnote 80 858,850 639,915 93,130 43,020 82,785 114,640
Other immigrantsFootnote 81 68,150 49,270 7,155 2,480 9,245 8,390
Total - Visible minority for the population in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 82 34,460,065 25,813,355 7,603,940 412,625 630,150 7,810,245
Total visible minority populationFootnote 83 7,674,580 6,277,875 671,885 222,240 502,580 783,005
South AsianFootnote 84 1,924,635 1,757,155 15,600 33,480 118,400 32,340
Chinese 1,577,060 1,276,625 30,085 31,560 238,790 45,865
Black 1,198,545 859,650 307,370 21,275 10,245 318,010
Filipino 780,130 769,815 1,915 4,120 4,280 3,975
Latin American 447,320 298,150 82,265 44,630 22,275 104,580
Arab 523,235 280,810 163,055 45,035 34,335 185,570
Southeast AsianFootnote 85 313,265 233,305 37,505 14,780 27,680 44,890
West AsianFootnote 86 264,305 220,575 9,315 16,265 18,145 17,455
Korean 188,710 166,715 2,485 3,220 16,285 4,095
Japanese 92,920 87,700 1,865 910 2,445 2,315
Visible minority, n.i.e.Footnote 87 132,090 120,630 6,985 2,175 2,300 8,075
Multiple visible minoritiesFootnote 88 232,375 206,750 13,440 4,790 7,395 15,835
Not a visible minorityFootnote 89 26,785,485 19,535,480 6,932,055 190,385 127,570 7,027,240
Total - Ethnic origin for the population in private households - 25% sample dataFootnote 90 34,460,065 25,813,355 7,603,935 412,625 630,145 7,810,245
North American Aboriginal origins 2,130,520 1,730,550 381,485 10,740 7,745 386,855
First Nations (North American Indian) 1,525,570 1,229,730 285,035 7,135 3,665 288,600
Inuit 79,130 68,230 4,235 2,610 4,055 5,540
Métis 600,000 495,915 102,525 1,390 165 103,225
Other North American origins 11,628,535 6,421,120 5,165,805 28,900 12,705 5,180,260
Acadian 119,670 51,465 67,385 820 0 67,790
American 377,410 343,375 32,095 1,370 565 32,780
Canadian 11,135,970 6,143,495 4,953,845 26,425 12,205 4,967,060
New Brunswicker 1,490 535 955 0 0 950
Newfoundlander 22,220 21,930 215 60 10 240
Nova Scotian 3,700 3,465 190 45 0 215
Ontarian 3,920 2,065 1,800 55 0 1,820
Québécois 194,555 9,510 183,755 1,160 125 184,335
Other North American origins, n.i.e.Footnote 91 1,895 1,725 140 20 10 150
European origins 19,683,320 16,566,625 2,843,695 162,130 110,870 2,924,760
British Isles origins 11,211,845 10,612,090 578,875 18,080 2,800 587,915
Channel Islander 3,595 2,285 1,300 10 0 1,305
Cornish 1,975 1,960 10 0 0 10
English 6,320,085 6,170,640 139,190 8,600 1,650 143,490
Irish 4,627,000 4,251,230 367,100 7,885 785 371,045
Manx 6,130 6,035 80 10 0 85
Scottish 4,799,010 4,654,135 137,840 6,030 1,000 140,855
Welsh 474,805 471,340 2,920 485 60 3,160
British Isles origins, n.i.e.Footnote 92 644,695 631,715 11,585 1,250 145 12,210
French origins 4,680,815 2,419,590 2,236,090 23,565 1,575 2,247,870
Alsatian 2,795 1,765 1,010 20 0 1,025
Breton 11,850 355 11,435 55 0 11,465
Corsican 1,750 390 1,340 20 0 1,350
French 4,670,595 2,417,690 2,227,800 23,530 1,575 2,239,565
Western European origins (except French origins) 4,600,855 4,374,035 200,980 16,160 9,685 209,055
Austrian 207,050 199,555 5,910 1,335 255 6,575
Bavarian 940 905 20 25 0 25
Belgian 186,665 128,145 57,345 1,075 100 57,880
Dutch 1,111,650 1,092,825 15,280 2,470 1,080 16,515
Flemish 11,685 10,065 1,520 95 10 1,570
Frisian 4,590 4,565 10 20 0 10
German 3,322,405 3,196,615 106,810 10,765 8,215 112,195
Luxembourger 3,915 2,820 1,050 35 10 1,065
Swiss 155,120 128,300 24,200 1,820 795 25,115
Western European origins, n.i.e.Footnote 93 3,365 3,260 100 15 0 105
Northern European origins (except British Isles origins) 1,201,320 1,184,345 14,760 1,740 475 15,630
Danish 207,470 204,450 2,560 405 50 2,765
Finnish 143,645 141,415 1,685 370 170 1,875
Icelandic 101,795 101,060 615 105 10 670
Norwegian 463,275 457,960 4,835 340 145 5,005
Swedish 349,640 345,550 3,420 560 115 3,700
Northern European origins, n.i.e.Footnote 94 52,785 50,590 2,115 55 25 2,140
Eastern European origins 3,431,245 3,230,810 106,260 61,065 33,110 136,790
Bulgarian 34,565 25,180 4,275 4,365 755 6,455
Byelorussian 20,710 17,955 870 1,015 870 1,380
Czech 104,580 100,265 2,875 1,010 430 3,380
Czechoslovakian, n.o.s.Footnote 95 40,715 39,625 940 105 35 1,000
Estonian 24,530 23,955 260 245 70 385
Hungarian 348,085 330,310 9,765 4,645 3,370 12,085
Latvian 30,720 29,835 450 295 145 595
Lithuanian 59,285 56,380 2,180 510 215 2,440
Moldovan 14,915 7,030 4,275 2,730 870 5,645
Polish 1,106,580 1,053,935 33,680 10,570 8,400 38,960
Romanian 238,055 189,530 21,630 22,815 4,075 33,035
Russian 622,450 580,010 17,500 13,695 11,245 24,345
Slovak 72,290 68,705 1,910 815 860 2,315
Ukrainian 1,359,655 1,322,660 19,170 9,725 8,095 24,035
Eastern European origins, n.i.e.Footnote 96 20,415 19,735 310 270 105 445
Southern European origins 3,012,375 2,571,400 301,455 73,235 66,290 338,070
Albanian 36,185 30,710 1,815 1,510 2,155 2,565
Bosnian 26,735 22,850 1,970 975 945 2,455
Catalan 1,275 550 590 125 10 650
Croatian 133,965 127,605 3,095 1,885 1,385 4,035
Cypriot 5,655 5,335 145 85 90 190
Greek 271,410 238,950 15,885 9,590 6,980 20,680
Italian 1,587,965 1,350,990 180,520 31,215 25,240 196,130
Kosovar 2,865 2,205 350 80 240 385
Macedonian 43,105 41,485 360 470 800 590
Maltese 41,920 40,865 935 70 45 970
Montenegrin 4,165 3,635 160 255 115 280
Portuguese 482,610 406,175 44,695 10,515 21,220 49,955
Serbian 96,530 87,220 2,730 3,970 2,615 4,710
Sicilian 6,940 5,810 1,045 50 40 1,070
Slovenian 40,475 39,110 930 330 110 1,095
Spanish 396,460 309,245 61,400 19,545 6,275 71,170
Yugoslavian, n.o.s.Footnote 97 38,480 35,745 1,995 470 270 2,230
Southern European origins, n.i.e.Footnote 98 2,165 1,820 215 95 35 260
Other European origins 226,695 198,095 19,420 5,465 3,720 22,150
Basque 6,965 3,165 3,480 305 10 3,635
Jewish 143,660 128,230 7,955 4,395 3,080 10,150
Roma (Gypsy) 4,635 3,995 320 80 240 355
Slavic, n.o.s.Footnote 99 4,870 4,580 165 80 50 200
Other European origins, n.i.e.Footnote 100 67,890 59,285 7,595 670 350 7,930
Caribbean origins 749,160 566,950 166,990 11,295 3,920 172,640
Antiguan 4,505 4,450 40 15 0 45
Bahamian 3,670 3,485 155 30 0 170
Barbadian 37,775 36,840 725 190 20 825
Bermudan 3,075 3,035 40 0 0 35
Carib 3,030 2,965 35 30 0 50
Cuban 29,065 19,145 7,035 1,875 1,015 7,975
Dominican 23,130 11,815 9,060 1,495 760 9,805
Grenadian 17,915 17,755 130 30 0 145
Guadeloupean 1,125 75 1,035 15 10 1,040
Haitian 165,095 12,640 144,020 6,615 1,825 147,325
Jamaican 309,485 305,935 2,765 660 130 3,095
Kittitian/Nevisian 2,915 2,895 20 0 10 20
Martinican 2,010 190 1,820 0 0 1,820
Montserratan 930 920 0 10 0 10
Puerto Rican 3,410 3,080 225 105 0 275
St. Lucian 8,985 8,620 295 65 10 330
Trinidadian/Tobagonian 78,965 77,525 1,185 240 15 1,305
Vincentian/Grenadinian 17,420 17,200 125 95 0 170
West Indian, n.o.s.Footnote 101 70,275 68,315 1,585 225 150 1,695
Caribbean origins, n.i.e.Footnote 102 26,830 24,155 2,455 170 50 2,540
Latin, Central and South American origins 674,640 498,320 104,290 48,590 23,440 128,580
Aboriginal from Central/South America (except Arawak and Maya) 22,725 16,310 3,940 1,805 660 4,845
Arawak 1,440 1,330 105 0 0 105
Argentinian 20,675 15,640 3,160 1,475 405 3,895
Belizean 1,755 1,715 35 0 10 35
Bolivian 5,050 3,275 1,235 415 120 1,445
Brazilian 36,830 28,195 4,205 3,185 1,250 5,795
Chilean 45,190 30,880 10,745 2,585 975 12,040
Colombian 96,325 57,200 22,010 11,640 5,475 27,835
Costa Rican 5,540 4,300 605 405 230 805
Ecuadorian 25,410 21,645 1,705 855 1,200 2,130
Guatemalan 26,270 15,885 6,610 2,440 1,340 7,825
Guyanese 84,275 83,585 565 105 25 620
Hispanic 11,050 9,535 660 480 375 900
Honduran 10,650 6,205 2,915 945 585 3,390
Maya 6,285 4,445 1,100 495 235 1,355
Mexican 128,485 98,200 15,935 9,210 5,140 20,545
Nicaraguan 13,705 10,555 1,850 825 485 2,260
Panamanian 4,700 3,490 800 345 60 975
Paraguayan 4,325 3,915 215 130 65 275
Peruvian 42,145 22,605 13,330 4,650 1,560 15,650
Salvadorean 66,220 45,840 12,305 5,300 2,770 14,960
Uruguayan 6,795 5,005 1,280 285 225 1,425
Venezuelan 26,350 18,875 3,220 3,440 815 4,940
Latin, Central and South American origins, n.i.e.Footnote 103 28,455 22,365 3,455 1,665 965 4,290
African origins 1,067,930 641,770 365,290 45,480 15,385 388,030
Central and West African origins 230,110 122,610 100,565 5,710 1,225 103,420
Akan 1,955 1,260 635 40 25 655
Angolan 2,960 1,750 1,040 140 25 1,110
Ashanti 1,590 1,555 25 10 0 25
Beninese 4,995 550 4,400 40 0 4,420
Burkinabe 3,150 235 2,880 35 0 2,900
Cameroonian 24,615 4,135 19,905 565 10 20,185
Chadian 1,845 545 1,120 110 70 1,175
Congolese 38,365 5,930 30,075 2,080 285 31,115
Edo 1,945 1,920 10 0 10 15
Ewe 845 380 400 55 0 425
Gabonese 1,410 35 1,340 35 0 1,355
Gambian 975 875 90 10 0 90
Ghanaian 35,495 33,955 885 455 200 1,110
Guinean 7,245 800 6,135 260 45 6,265
Ibo 5,315 5,230 40 15 30 50
Ivorian 10,935 520 10,300 110 10 10,355
Liberian 2,485 2,320 120 25 15 135
Malian 4,490 305 4,040 115 30 4,100
Malinké 1,125 300 775 40 10 795
Nigerian 51,835 49,990 1,470 265 110 1,600
Peulh 2,440 45 2,260 115 15 2,315
Senegalese 10,175 725 8,725 625 100 9,040
Sierra Leonean 2,620 2,430 90 90 20 130
Togolese 5,300 635 4,385 260 20 4,515
Wolof 840 40 710 90 10 750
Yoruba 9,585 9,155 360 65 10 390
Central and West African origins, n.i.e.Footnote 104 15,380 6,185 8,360 595 240 8,660
North African origins 355,045 125,215 194,415 28,795 6,620 208,815
Algerian 67,330 3,990 57,580 4,980 780 60,075
Berber 37,060 1,550 31,185 3,720 605 33,040
Coptic 3,535 2,770 375 250 140 505
Dinka 900 855 15 0 30 20
Egyptian 99,140 72,275 17,055 7,635 2,165 20,875
Libyan 7,740 6,995 110 260 380 240
Maure 1,195 535 495 120 40 560
Moroccan 103,945 17,485 75,645 9,170 1,650 80,225
Sudanese 19,960 19,030 175 255 500 310
Tunisian 25,650 2,720 19,345 3,030 555 20,860
North African origins, n.i.e.Footnote 105 6,120 2,010 3,250 735 120 3,615
Southern and East African origins 260,145 214,745 31,610 7,450 6,340 35,340
Afrikaner 1,870 1,840 20 10 0 25
Amhara 1,530 1,445 15 30 40 25
Bantu, n.o.s.Footnote 106 3,965 1,295 2,395 190 90 2,490
Burundian 10,990 1,545 8,140 990 310 8,635
Djiboutian 1,710 485 1,000 160 65 1,085
Eritrean 25,260 23,225 215 250 1,565 340
Ethiopian 44,060 41,465 865 780 950 1,260
Harari 665 640 0 15 10 0
Kenyan 10,915 10,655 100 95 70 145
Malagasy 4,500 415 3,625 450 15 3,850
Mauritian 9,325 3,535 4,580 1,185 20 5,175
Oromo 3,350 3,165 25 45 115 50
Rwandan 10,770 3,445 6,195 1,025 110 6,705
Seychellois 1,285 830 280 160 10 360
Somali 62,550 55,170 2,990 1,680 2,700 3,835
South African 41,375 40,795 310 200 75 415
Tanzanian 4,710 4,385 200 65 70 230
Tigrian 2,150 1,930 15 60 150 40
Ugandan 5,705 5,540 130 20 15 145
Zambian 1,860 1,820 20 20 0 35
Zimbabwean 8,090 7,950 85 30 20 100
Zulu 945 915 25 0 10 25
Southern and East African origins, n.i.e.Footnote 107 17,305 14,745 1,900 425 235 2,110
Other African origins 239,565 189,575 44,355 4,285 1,345 46,500
Black, n.o.s.Footnote 108 30,385 27,060 2,930 310 90 3,085
Other African origins, n.i.e.Footnote 109 212,005 164,310 42,385 4,040 1,270 44,405
Asian origins 6,095,235 5,222,575 235,770 163,325 473,565 317,435
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins 1,011,150 745,580 131,030 72,640 61,900 167,345
Afghan 83,995 67,715 4,015 4,800 7,470 6,415
Arab, n.o.s.Footnote 110 111,400 60,495 35,020 8,150 7,740 39,095
Armenian 63,810 40,280 9,140 11,385 3,000 14,835
Assyrian 13,830 11,930 115 160 1,625 195
Azerbaijani 6,425 5,650 165 280 330 305
Georgian 4,770 3,985 210 275 300 350
Hazara 1,520 1,065 135 170 140 220
Iranian 210,410 181,730 6,115 12,600 9,965 12,415
Iraqi 70,925 60,100 1,885 2,010 6,925 2,895
Israeli 28,735 25,675 1,730 825 505 2,145
Jordanian 14,255 13,035 330 560 320 615
Kazakh 3,325 2,660 250 220 195 360
Kurd 16,320 13,145 1,125 710 1,335 1,485
Kuwaiti 2,235 2,060 10 50 120 35
Kyrgyz 1,055 740 100 155 60 180
Lebanese 219,555 140,830 53,290 21,040 4,400 63,810
Palestinian 44,820 39,180 2,245 2,265 1,130 3,375
Pashtun 4,810 4,165 75 215 360 180
Saudi Arabian 6,810 6,255 75 75 410 110
Syrian 77,045 41,270 14,540 6,745 14,490 17,910
Tajik 2,905 2,285 180 175 270 270
Tatar 4,825 3,720 320 515 265 580
Turk 63,955 48,775 8,390 3,920 2,870 10,350
Turkmen 1,040 875 25 45 90 50
Uighur 1,555 1,100 185 150 115 265
Uzbek 3,920 3,315 210 205 190 315
Yemeni 6,645 5,715 385 290 255 530
West Central Asian and Middle Eastern origins, n.i.e.Footnote 111 25,280 21,920 915 1,075 1,365 1,455
South Asian origins 1,963,330 1,794,335 19,280 33,690 116,025 36,120
Bangladeshi 45,945 41,140 805 2,420 1,575 2,020
Bengali 22,900 20,320 460 1,420 710 1,170
Bhutanese 3,600 2,145 125 300 1,030 275
East Indian 1,374,715 1,261,385 13,400 17,255 82,670 22,030
Goan 6,070 6,045 15 10 0 15
Gujarati 8,350 7,520 50 165 615 135
Kashmiri 3,110 2,855 35 125 95 95
Nepali 17,135 14,420 440 515 1,765 695
Pakistani 215,560 201,145 1,665 4,925 7,815 4,130
Punjabi 118,400 102,285 180 1,920 14,020 1,135
Sinhalese 7,280 7,020 20 140 110 90
Sri Lankan 152,590 138,045 1,840 4,830 7,880 4,250
Tamil 48,670 43,895 525 1,440 2,810 1,245
South Asian origins, n.i.e.Footnote 112 76,400 71,165 360 1,210 3,670 965
East and Southeast Asian origins 3,163,360 2,723,490 86,845 57,675 295,355 115,680
Burmese 9,335 8,350 190 105 695 240
Cambodian (Khmer) 38,490 22,240 10,875 2,405 2,970 12,075
Chinese 1,769,195 1,446,535 43,500 35,330 243,835 61,165
Filipino 837,130 825,865 2,400 4,370 4,495 4,585
Hmong 810 750 25 10 25 25
Indonesian 21,390 20,420 495 225 250 610
Japanese 121,485 114,310 2,890 1,445 2,835 3,615
Karen 4,510 3,570 60 0 885 60
Korean 198,210 175,330 2,715 3,355 16,815 4,390
Laotian 24,575 16,375 5,905 1,180 1,115 6,500
Malaysian 16,925 16,510 175 100 135 230
Mongolian 7,475 6,380 635 270 190 770
Singaporean 2,845 2,785 20 25 15 35
Taiwanese 36,510 31,885 680 750