Data tables, 2016 Census

Family Characteristics of Seniors (8), Total Income Statistics (4), Age of Seniors (7), Housing Indicators (5), Tenure Including Presence of Mortgage Payments and Subsidized Housing (7) and Structural Type of Dwelling (5) for the Population Aged 65 Years and Over in Owner and Tenant Households With Household Total Income Greater Than Zero in Non-farm, Non-reserve Private Dwellings of Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data

Data table

Select data categories for this table

This table details family characteristics of seniors , total income statistics , age of seniors , housing indicators , tenure including presence of mortgage payments and subsidized housing and structural type of dwelling for the population aged 65 years and over in owner and tenant households with household total income greater than zero in non-farm, non-reserve private dwellings in Nunavut
Data quality
Family characteristics of seniors (8) Total income statistics (4)
Total - Total income statistics With total income Median total income ($)Footnote 3 Average total income ($)Footnote 4
Total - Family characteristics of seniors (restricted to persons aged 65 and over) 1,315 1,315 28,965 50,022
Seniors living alone (one-person households) 170 170 37,952 73,353
Seniors living in private households of two or more persons 1,145 1,145 28,309 46,531
Living in a couple (married spouses or common-law partners)Footnote 5 695 695 30,912 50,883
Without a son or daughter present 300 300 35,328 58,236
With a son or daughter presentFootnote 6 395 400 27,379 45,364
Not living in a couple, with a son or daughter presentFootnote 7 285 285 26,586 35,802
Living with other relatives or with non-relatives only 165 165 26,080 46,602


Symbol ..

not available for a specific reference period


Symbol ...

not applicable


Symbol x

suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act


Symbol F

too unreliable to be published



Footnote 1

Adequacy, suitability and affordability are the three housing indicators presented here. The indicator for housing adequacy is the dwelling condition. The indicator for housing suitability (a topic often referred to as crowding) is whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. The indicator of housing affordability is the proportion of household total income that is spent on shelter costs, also referred to as shelter-cost-to-income ratio.

'Dwelling condition' refers to whether the dwelling is in need of repairs. This does not include desirable remodelling or additions.

The category 'major repairs needed' includes dwellings needing major repairs such as dwellings with defective plumbing or electrical wiring and dwellings needing structural repairs to walls, floors or ceilings.

'Housing suitability' refers to whether a private household is living in suitable accommodations according to the National Occupancy Standard (NOS); that is, whether the dwelling has enough bedrooms for the size and composition of the household. A household is deemed to be living in suitable accommodations if its dwelling has enough bedrooms, as calculated using the NOS.

Housing suitability and the National Occupancy Standard (NOS) on which it is based were developed by Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) through consultations with provincial housing agencies.

The category 'not suitable' includes households where the required number of bedrooms based on the NOS exceeds the reported number of bedrooms in the dwelling.

'Shelter-cost-to-income ratio' refers to the proportion of average total income of household which is spent on shelter costs.

The category '30% or more of household income is spent on shelter costs' includes households who spend 30% or more of their average monthly total income on shelter costs.

For more information, refer to the Census Dictionary: Dwelling condition; Housing suitability; Shelter-cost-to-income ratio.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

Tenure - Refers to whether the household owns or rents their private dwelling. The private dwelling may be situated on rented or leased land or be part of a condominium. A household is considered to own their dwelling if some member of the household owns the dwelling even if it is not fully paid for, for example if there is a mortgage or some other claim on it. A household is considered to rent their dwelling if no member of the household owns the dwelling. A household is considered to rent that dwelling even if the dwelling is provided without cash rent or at a reduced rent, or if the dwelling is part of a cooperative.

Presence of mortgage payments- Refers to whether an owner household makes regular mortgage or loan payments for their dwelling.

Subsidized housing - Refers to whether a renter household lives in a dwelling that is subsidized.

Subsidized housing includes rent geared to income, social housing, public housing, government-assisted housing, non-profit housing, rent supplements and housing allowances.

Return to footnote 2 referrer

Footnote 3

Median income - The median income of a specified group is the amount that divides the income distribution of that group into two halves, i.e., the incomes of half of the units in that group are below the median, while those of the other half are above the median. Median incomes of individuals are calculated for those with income (positive or negative).

Return to footnote 3 referrer

Footnote 4

Average income - Average income of a specified group is calculated by dividing the aggregate income of that group by the number of units in that group. Average incomes of individuals are calculated for those with income (positive or negative).

Return to footnote 4 referrer

Footnote 5

Other relatives may be present in the household.

Return to footnote 5 referrer

Footnote 6

Includes seniors living with a step-son or a step-daughter.

Return to footnote 6 referrer

Footnote 7

Other relatives may be present in the household.

Return to footnote 7 referrer

Source: Statistics Canada, 2016 Census of Population, Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 98-400-X2016235.

Date modified: