Data tables, 2016 Census

First Official Language Spoken (7), Highest Certificate, Diploma or Degree (15), Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (11), Individual Low-income Status (6), Low-income Indicators (4), Work Activity During the Reference Year (4A) and Sex and Age (15) for the Population Aged 15 Years and Over in Private Households for Canada, Provinces and Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data

About this variable: Immigrant status and period of immigration (11)


No definition is available for this variable.


  1. Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration Footnote 1
  2. Non-immigrants Footnote 2
  3. Immigrants Footnote 3
  4. Before 1981
  5. 1981 to 1990
  6. 1991 to 2000
  7. 2001 to 2010
  8. 2001 to 2005
  9. 2006 to 2010
  10. 2011 to 2016 Footnote 10
  11. Non-permanent residents Footnote 11


Footnote 1

Immigrant status refers to whether the person is a non-immigrant, an immigrant or a non-permanent resident.

Period of immigration refers to the period in which the immigrant first obtained landed immigrant or permanent resident status.

For more information on immigration variables, including information on their classifications, the questions from which they are derived, data quality and their comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Place of Birth, Generation Status, Citizenship and Immigration Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

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Footnote 2

'Non-immigrants' includes persons who are Canadian citizens by birth.

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Footnote 3

'Immigrants' includes persons who are, or who have ever been, landed immigrants or permanent residents. Such persons have been granted the right to live in Canada permanently by immigration authorities. Immigrants who have obtained Canadian citizenship by naturalization are included in this category. In the 2016 Census of Population, 'Immigrants' includes immigrants who landed in Canada on or prior to May 10, 2016.

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Footnote 10

Includes immigrants who landed in Canada on or prior to May 10, 2016.

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Footnote 11

'Non-permanent residents' includes persons from another country who have a work or study permit or who are refugee claimants, and their family members sharing the same permit and living in Canada with them.

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