Data tables, 2016 Census

Visible Minority (15), Highest Certificate, Diploma or Degree (15), Generation Status (4), Age (9) and Sex (3) for the Population Aged 15 Years and Over in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories and Census Metropolitan Areas, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data

About this variable: Visible minority (15)


Visible minority

'Visible minority' refers to whether a person belongs to a visible minority group as defined by the Employment Equity Act and, if so, the visible minority group to which the person belongs. The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour'. The visible minority population consists mainly of the following groups: South Asian, Chinese, Black, Filipino, Latin American, Arab, Southeast Asian, West Asian, Korean and Japanese.


  1. Total - Visible minority Footnote 1
  2. Total visible minority population Footnote 2
  3. South Asian Footnote 3
  4. Chinese
  5. Black
  6. Filipino
  7. Latin American
  8. Arab
  9. Southeast Asian Footnote 9
  10. West Asian Footnote 10
  11. Korean
  12. Japanese
  13. Visible minority, n.i.e. Footnote 13
  14. Multiple visible minorities Footnote 14
  15. Not a visible minority Footnote 15


Footnote 1

For more information on the Visible minority variable, including information on its classification, the questions from which it is derived, data quality and its comparability with other sources of data, please refer to the Visible Minority and Population Group Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.

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Footnote 2

The Employment Equity Act defines visible minorities as 'persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour.'

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Footnote 3

For example, 'East Indian,' 'Pakistani,' 'Sri Lankan,' etc.

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Footnote 9

For example, 'Vietnamese,' 'Cambodian,' 'Laotian,' 'Thai,' etc.

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Footnote 10

For example, 'Afghan,' 'Iranian,' etc.

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Footnote 13

The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes persons with a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.

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Footnote 14

Includes persons who gave more than one visible minority group by checking two or more mark-in responses, e.g., 'Black' and 'South Asian.'

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Footnote 15

Includes persons who reported 'Yes' to the Aboriginal group question (Question 18), as well as persons who were not considered to be members of a visible minority group.

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