Data tables, 2016 Census

Employment Income Statistics (7), STEM and BHASE (non-STEM) Groupings, Major Field of Study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2016 (36), Highest Certificate, Diploma or Degree (12), Location of Study (5), Immigrant Status (4A), Class of Worker (3) and Sex and Age (24) for the Population Aged 15 Years and Over Who Worked Full-Time Full-Year in 2015 Excluding CIP six-digit categories 22.0101 'Law' and 51.2001 'Pharmacy' in Private Households of Canada, Provinces and Territories and Census Metropolitan Areas, 2016 Census - 25% Sample Data

About this variable: STEM and BHASE (non-STEM) groupings, Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2016 (36)


Major field of study (based on the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2016)

'Field of study' refers to the discipline or area of learning or training associated with a particular course or program of study.

This variable refers to the predominant discipline or area of learning or training of a person's highest completed postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree, classified according to the Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) Canada 2016.

This 'Major field of study' variable can be used either independently or in conjunction with the 'Highest certificate, diploma or degree' variable. When the latter is used with 'Major field of study,' it should be noted that different fields of study will be more common for different types of postsecondary qualifications. At the detailed program level, some programs are only offered by certain types of institutions.

There was an explicit instruction in the questionnaire which instructed respondents to be as specific as possible in indicating a subfield or subcategory of specialization within a broad discipline or area of training.

This variable is reported for persons aged 15 years and over in private households.

For comments on data quality for this variable, refer to the Education Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016.


  1. Total - STEM and BHASE (non-STEM) groupings, Major field of study - Classification of Instructional Programs (CIP) 2016 Footnote 1
  2. No postsecondary certificate, diploma or degree
  3. STEM
  4. Science and science technology
  5. Physical and chemical sciences
  6. Biological sciences
  7. General and integrated sciences
  8. Engineering and engineering technology
  9. Engineering
  10. Engineering technology
  11. Mathematics and computer and information science
  12. Mathematics and related studies
  13. Computer and information science
  14. BHASE (non-STEM) Footnote 14
  15. Business and administration
  16. Business and related studies
  17. Public administration
  18. Arts and humanities
  19. Arts
  20. Humanities
  21. Social and behavioural sciences
  22. Legal professions and studies
  23. Law
  24. Other legal professions and studies
  25. Health care
  26. Medicine, dentistry, optometry and veterinary medicine (including residencies)
  27. Nursing
  28. Pharmacy and related programs
  29. Health care, n.e.c.
  30. Education and teaching
  31. Trades, services, natural resources and conservation
  32. Agriculture and natural resources operations and management
  33. Mechanics and repair, architecture, construction and precision production
  34. Personal, security and transport services
  35. Social work and related programs
  36. BHASE (non-STEM) programs, n.e.c.


Footnote 1

This variable shows a variant of CIP which classifies fields of study into STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math and computer sciences) and BHASE (non-STEM) categories and sub-categories. For more information on the CIP classification, see the Classification of Instructional Programs, Canada 2016:

This variant is different from the STEM variant used in the 2011 National Household Survey. For information on comparability between the two variants, refer to the Education Reference Guide, Census of Population, 2016, Catalogue no. 98-500-X2016013.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 14

The term 'Business, humanities, health, arts, social science, and education fields' (BHASE) includes all of the non-STEM fields from the STEM and BHASE (non-STEM) groupings variant, an alternative presentation of the Classification of Instructional Programs, 2016. This includes 'Business and administration', 'Arts and humanities', 'Social and behavioural sciences', 'Legal professions and studies', 'Health care', 'Education and teaching' and 'Trades, services, natural resources and conservation'.

Return to footnote 14 referrer

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