Language Highlight Tables, 2016 Census

Mother tongue by age (Total), 2016 counts for the population excluding institutional residents of Canada and census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations, 2016 Census – 100% Data The letter C inside a yellow triangle - correction Update of the 2016 Census language data

Data table


This table shows Mother tongue by age (Total), 2016 counts for the population excluding institutional residents of Canada and census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations, 2016 Census – 100% Data. The column headings are: Geographic name; type; prov/terr; Mother tongue - Total; Mother tongue - English; Mother tongue - French; Mother tongue - Non-official language; Mother tongue - English and French; Mother tongue - English and non-official language; Mother tongue - French and non-official language - Mother tongue - English, French and non-official language

Geographic name Type Prov. / Terr. Mother tongue Footnote 1
Total English French Non-official language English and French English and non-official language French and non-official language English, French and non-official language
Canada ... ... 34,767,255 19,460,855 7,166,705 7,321,060 165,325 533,260 86,145 33,900
Abbotsford - Mission CMA B.C. 177,465 122,100 1,415 50,030 280 3,525 60 60
Alma CA Que. 32,355 120 31,935 200 65 0 30 5
Arnprior CA Ont. 15,780 14,635 590 450 75 35 0 0
Baie-Comeau CA Que. 27,430 210 26,895 195 95 0 35 0
Barrie CMA Ont. 195,610 168,995 3,790 20,065 690 1,950 55 70
Bathurst CA N.B. 30,495 9,175 20,385 375 530 15 15 5
Bay Roberts CA N.L. 11,085 11,015 20 40 5 5 0 0
Belleville CMA Ont. 102,170 93,655 2,675 5,035 330 430 30 10
Brandon CA Man. 57,065 46,465 905 8,930 105 590 30 35
Brantford CMA Ont. 132,745 116,640 1,285 13,420 230 1,110 35 30
Brockville CA Ont. 37,885 34,795 1,070 1,750 130 135 0 10
Brooks CA Alta. 24,510 17,220 250 6,480 40 465 35 15
Calgary CMA Alta. 1,381,340 937,055 20,715 383,320 3,600 34,800 1,055 795
Campbell River CA B.C. 37,600 34,400 570 2,350 70 195 5 10
Campbellton CA N.B. / Que. 15,255 5,595 8,810 450 315 65 10 10
Campbellton (New Brunswick part) CA N.B. 12,645 4,575 7,620 145 280 15 10 5
Campbellton (Quebec part) CA Que. 2,605 1,025 1,190 305 35 55 0 0
Camrose CA Alta. 18,330 16,420 180 1,530 25 175 5 0
Canmore CA Alta. 13,895 11,260 755 1,665 70 130 5 5
Cape Breton CA N.S. 97,250 91,860 760 4,165 165 290 5 0
Carleton Place CA Ont. 30,870 28,185 1,315 1,045 220 85 10 5
Centre Wellington CA Ont. 27,660 25,345 270 1,895 55 95 5 5
Charlottetown CA P.E.I. 68,265 61,035 1,315 5,340 220 310 25 20
Chatham-Kent CA Ont. 101,085 89,215 2,545 8,390 360 540 15 15
Chilliwack CA B.C. 99,860 86,910 1,220 10,760 200 735 15 20
Cobourg CA Ont. 19,140 17,645 325 1,055 30 80 5 0
Cold Lake CA Alta. 14,905 12,595 990 1,135 90 90 5 0
Collingwood CA Ont. 21,500 19,595 295 1,455 35 110 5 0
Corner Brook CA N.L. 31,530 31,025 105 325 30 40 0 0
Cornwall CA Ont. 58,615 41,845 12,285 3,065 1,110 255 30 35
Courtenay CA B.C. 53,635 48,195 1,370 3,625 160 265 10 5
Cowansville CA Que. 12,810 2,015 10,315 215 240 10 10 5
Cranbrook CA B.C. 25,715 23,660 295 1,585 50 120 5 0
Dawson Creek CA B.C. 12,020 10,625 140 1,090 15 145 0 0
Dolbeau-Mistassini CA Que. 15,220 60 15,075 50 25 0 5 0
Drummondville CA Que. 94,675 1,000 91,005 2,025 410 10 210 30
Duncan CA B.C. 43,770 39,630 515 3,235 70 290 10 15
Edmonton CMA Alta. 1,307,175 930,405 27,100 315,480 3,915 28,425 1,230 620
Edmundston CA N.B. 23,100 1,065 21,480 275 250 0 15 5
Elliot Lake CA Ont. 10,660 8,255 1,615 625 115 45 5 0
Estevan CA Sask. 13,460 11,725 140 1,370 20 200 5 0
Fort St. John CA B.C. 28,200 24,935 300 2,635 55 265 5 5
Fredericton CA N.B. 100,940 86,255 7,010 6,375 830 400 40 35
Gander CA N.L. 13,060 12,785 60 165 15 25 0 0
Granby CA Que. 84,060 2,110 78,195 2,865 575 25 245 30
Grand Falls-Windsor CA N.L. 14,035 13,800 25 185 15 10 0 0
Grande Prairie CA Alta. 62,750 53,785 1,610 6,310 240 745 45 20
Greater Sudbury CMA Ont. 162,900 107,345 41,870 9,950 2,840 755 90 55
Guelph CMA Ont. 150,820 118,635 1,860 27,800 365 2,045 50 60
Halifax CMA N.S. 399,575 353,415 10,140 30,865 1,775 3,040 175 155
Hamilton CMA Ont. 738,705 555,555 9,935 158,010 1,700 12,665 500 340
Hawkesbury CA Ont. / Que. 11,750 1,725 9,300 445 220 35 25 15
Hawkesbury (Quebec part) CA Que. 1,715 195 1,465 20 30 0 0 0
Hawkesbury (Ontario part) CA Ont. 10,040 1,530 7,830 420 195 30 20 10
High River CA Alta. 13,390 11,340 175 1,675 20 175 5 5
Ingersoll CA Ont. 12,615 11,945 100 515 20 40 0 0
Joliette CA Que. 48,060 410 45,860 1,420 225 5 125 15
Kamloops CA B.C. 102,340 91,420 1,165 8,790 185 755 15 10
Kawartha Lakes CA Ont. 74,240 69,760 820 3,300 125 215 5 15
Kelowna CMA B.C. 192,830 165,460 3,105 22,290 400 1,485 60 25
Kenora CA Ont. 14,830 13,695 260 710 55 105 0 5
Kentville CA N.S. 26,000 24,960 315 610 50 60 5 5
Kingston CMA Ont. 157,190 136,345 5,065 13,815 715 1,080 100 70
Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo CMA Ont. 518,165 382,495 5,870 119,785 1,235 8,315 225 230
Lachute CA Que. 12,475 1,310 10,825 155 160 10 5 5
Lacombe CA Alta. 12,825 11,495 165 1,035 25 90 10 5
Leamington CA Ont. 48,350 34,025 635 12,880 115 615 30 40
Lethbridge CMA Alta. 115,855 96,300 1,060 17,000 195 1,215 45 25
Lloydminster CA Alta. / Sask. 34,275 29,325 340 3,870 80 645 10 10
Lloydminster (Saskatchewan part) CA Sask. 14,865 12,255 95 2,125 30 350 0 5
Lloydminster (Alberta part) CA Alta. 19,415 17,065 240 1,745 50 300 5 5
London CMA Ont. 488,300 387,280 5,785 86,900 1,215 6,630 245 245
Matane CA Que. 17,665 75 17,475 55 45 0 10 0
Medicine Hat CA Alta. 75,220 67,325 825 6,465 130 465 10 10
Midland CA Ont. 34,890 31,190 1,645 1,650 245 155 5 5
Miramichi CA N.B. 27,195 24,220 2,190 505 235 40 0 0
Moncton CMA N.B. 142,330 85,495 48,735 5,235 2,260 355 195 50
Montréal CMA Que. 4,053,360 444,955 2,551,950 910,605 47,150 25,445 56,960 16,295
Moose Jaw CA Sask. 34,440 31,020 625 2,380 90 315 10 5
Nanaimo CA B.C. 103,135 90,315 1,355 10,325 280 815 25 20
Nelson CA B.C. 18,145 16,080 425 1,420 85 120 10 5
New Glasgow CA N.S. 33,815 32,700 280 725 35 70 0 10
Norfolk CA Ont. 63,265 54,590 625 7,605 75 350 20 5
North Battleford CA Sask. 19,085 16,040 265 2,355 40 370 15 5
North Bay CA Ont. 69,385 56,305 9,305 2,645 920 180 10 15
Okotoks CA Alta. 28,605 26,015 430 1,870 60 210 5 10
Orillia CA Ont. 30,295 27,855 365 1,835 65 155 5 10
Oshawa CMA Ont. 376,805 319,765 6,540 44,745 1,090 4,345 180 140
Ottawa - Gatineau CMA Ont. / Que. 1,309,210 635,215 397,125 232,925 18,795 16,050 6,055 3,050
Ottawa - Gatineau (Quebec part) CMA Que. 328,935 42,320 246,860 30,595 5,600 770 2,175 605
Ottawa - Gatineau (Ontario part) CMA Ont. 980,275 592,895 150,260 202,330 13,190 15,275 3,880 2,445
Owen Sound CA Ont. 31,280 29,665 250 1,205 55 100 5 5
Parksville CA B.C. 28,195 25,380 405 2,165 60 180 5 0
Pembroke CA Ont. 22,715 20,345 1,410 735 175 50 10 0
Penticton CA B.C. 42,720 37,220 760 4,310 100 315 15 5
Petawawa CA Ont. 17,185 14,760 1,615 600 140 65 5 0
Peterborough CMA Ont. 119,600 110,870 1,270 6,610 280 535 25 15
Port Alberni CA B.C. 24,830 22,305 395 1,915 55 150 5 0
Port Hope CA Ont. 16,395 15,370 195 720 45 70 0 10
Portage la Prairie CA Man. 12,805 11,215 250 1,160 35 145 0 0
Powell River CA B.C. 16,635 14,690 450 1,320 40 125 10 5
Prince Albert CA Sask. 42,550 35,505 1,195 4,920 150 760 15 10
Prince George CA B.C. 85,650 75,915 1,115 7,750 170 660 20 20
Prince Rupert CA B.C. 12,590 10,705 85 1,635 20 145 5 0
Québec CMA Que. 789,360 10,965 741,010 29,900 3,775 240 3,180 295
Quesnel CA B.C. 22,990 21,060 260 1,480 35 140 5 5
Red Deer CA Alta. 99,035 82,645 1,315 13,340 240 1,445 25 25
Regina CMA Sask. 233,770 188,530 2,615 38,005 525 3,920 100 80
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For more information on language, 2016 Census, refer to 2016 Census topic: Language.

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