Population and Dwelling Count Highlight Tables, 2016 Census

Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations, 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data

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This table presents the 2016 and 2011 population counts and the 2016 dwelling counts, land area, population density and population ranking, the selected province or territory, and the census metropolitan areas or census agglomerations within the selected province or territory. It also shows the percentage change in the population counts between 2011 and 2016.

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Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations, 2016 and 2011 censuses. This table presents the 2016 and 2011 population counts and the 2016 dwelling counts, land area, population density and population ranking, the selected province or territory, and the census metropolitan areas or census agglomerations within the selected province or territory. It also shows the percentage change in the population counts between 2011 and 2016. Same-page links within the first column 'Geographic name' will move focus to the map beneath the table. When sorting the table headers (ascending or descending), the page reloads and focus moves to the top of the table.
Geographic name Type Prov. / Terr. Population Private dwellings, 2016 Land area in square kilometres, 2016 Population density per square kilometre, 2016 Population rank, 2016
2016 2011 % change Total Occupied by usual residents National Prov. / Terr.
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CanadaFootnote 1     35,151,728 33,476,688 5.0 15,412,443 14,072,079 8,965,588.85 3.9    
Toronto CMA Ont. 5,928,040 5,583,064 6.2 2,235,145 2,135,909 5,905.84 1,003.8 1 1
MontréalFootnote 1 CMA Que. 4,098,927 3,934,078 Revised r 4.2 1,823,281 1,727,310 4,604.26 890.2 2 1
Vancouver CMA B.C. 2,463,431 2,313,328 6.5 1,027,613 960,894 2,882.68 854.6 3 1
Ottawa - Gatineau CMA Ont./Que. 1,323,783 1,254,919 Revised r 5.5 571,146 535,499 6,767.41 195.6 5 not applicable ...
Ottawa - Gatineau (Quebec part)     332,057 318,011 Revised r 4.4 152,958 140,102 3,128.10 106.2 not applicable ... 3
Ottawa - Gatineau (Ontario part)     991,726 936,908 Revised r 5.9 418,188 395,397 3,639.31 272.5 not applicable ... 2
Calgary CMA Alta. 1,392,609 1,214,839 14.6 544,870 519,693 5,110.21 272.5 4 1
Edmonton CMA Alta. 1,321,426 1,159,869 13.9 537,634 502,143 9,438.86 140.0 6 2
Québec CMA Que. 800,296 767,310 Revised r 4.3 382,308 361,891 3,408.70 234.8 7 2
Winnipeg CMA Man. 778,489 730,018 6.6 321,484 306,550 5,306.79 146.7 8 1
Hamilton CMA Ont. 747,545 721,053 3.7 306,034 293,345 1,371.89 544.9 9 3
London CMA Ont. 494,069 474,786 4.1 220,452 206,448 2,662.40 185.6 11 5
Kitchener - Cambridge - Waterloo CMA Ont. 523,894 496,383 Revised r 5.5 210,896 200,495 1,091.16 480.1 10 4
Halifax CMA N.S. 403,390 390,328 3.3 187,478 173,459 5,496.31 73.4 13 1
St. Catharines - Niagara CMA Ont. 406,074 392,184 3.5 180,606 168,485 1,397.49 290.6 12 6
VictoriaFootnote 1 CMA B.C. 367,770 344,580 Revised r 6.7 172,559 162,716 696.15 528.3 15 2
Oshawa CMA Ont. 379,848 356,177 6.6 142,462 138,962 903.69 420.3 14 7
Windsor CMA Ont. 329,144 319,246 3.1 140,408 132,912 1,022.30 322.0 16 8
Saskatoon CMA Sask. 295,095 262,215 Revised r 12.5 124,766 115,283 5,890.71 50.1 17 1
Sherbrooke CMA Que. 212,105 202,261 Revised r 4.9 106,082 95,577 1,459.58 145.3 19 4
Regina CMA Sask. 236,481 211,519 Revised r 11.8 101,719 94,955 4,324.39 54.7 18 2
St. John's CMA N.L. 205,955 196,954 Revised r 4.6 92,353 85,015 804.79 255.9 20 1
Kelowna CMA B.C. 194,882 179,839 8.4 88,374 81,383 2,904.86 67.1 22 3
Barrie CMA Ont. 197,059 187,013 5.4 76,336 72,534 898.02 219.4 21 9
Trois-Rivières CMA Que. 156,042 151,773 2.8 77,734 72,502 1,040.52 150.0 27 6
Saguenay CMA Que. 160,980 158,658 Revised r 1.5 77,968 72,479 2,759.75 58.3 26 5
Greater Sudbury CMA Ont. 164,689 163,067 Revised r 1.0 76,619 70,445 3,924.48 42.0 24 10
Kingston CMA Ont. 161,175 159,561 1.0 77,173 67,915 1,938.81 83.1 25 11
Abbotsford - Mission CMA B.C. 180,518 170,191 6.1 65,967 62,631 607.13 297.3 23 4
Moncton CMA N.B. 144,810 139,287 Revised r 4.0 66,699 61,769 2,559.05 56.6 29 1
Guelph CMA Ont. 151,984 141,097 7.7 63,324 59,280 593.51 256.1 28 12
Saint John CMA N.B. 126,202 129,057 Revised r -2.2 58,398 52,872 3,509.62 36.0 31 2
Thunder Bay CMA Ont. 121,621 121,596 0.0 57,146 52,545 2,556.81 47.6 33 15
BrantfordFootnote 1 CMA Ont. 134,203 135,501 -1.0 54,419 52,530 1,073.15 125.1 30 13
Peterborough CMA Ont. 121,721 118,975 2.3 55,662 50,533 1,507.12 80.8 32 14
Lethbridge CMA Alta. 117,394 105,999 10.8 48,317 45,696 2,975.08 39.5 34 3
Nanaimo CA B.C. 104,936 98,021 7.1 46,928 44,963 1,280.84 81.9 35 5
Chatham-Kent CA Ont. 102,042 104,075 -2.0 46,287 43,174 2,470.52 41.3 38 17
Cape Breton CA N.S. 98,722 101,619 -2.9 47,205 43,081 2,467.74 40.0 42 2
Belleville CMA Ont. 103,472 101,668 Revised r 1.8 45,050 43,002 1,336.52 77.4 37 16
Kamloops CA B.C. 103,811 98,754 5.1 46,895 42,857 5,668.70 18.3 36 6
Fredericton CA N.B. 101,760 98,320 Revised r 3.5 46,459 42,772 5,745.41 17.7 39 3
Drummondville CA Que. 96,118 91,222 Revised r 5.4 44,167 42,272 1,016.64 94.5 44 7
Sarnia CA Ont. 96,151 97,131 Revised r -1.0 44,252 41,989 1,118.65 86.0 43 18
Red Deer CA Alta. 100,418 90,564 10.9 42,285 39,982 104.73 958.8 41 4
Chilliwack CA B.C. 101,512 93,882 Revised r 8.1 42,395 39,696 1,445.26 70.2 40 7
Granby CA Que. 85,056 80,863 Revised r 5.2 40,131 37,773 494.40 172.0 46 8
Prince George CA B.C. 86,622 84,232 2.8 37,394 35,095 17,686.12 4.9 45 8
Sault Ste. MarieFootnote 1 CA Ont. 78,159 79,800 -2.1 36,769 34,530 805.60 97.0 47 19
Medicine Hat CA Alta. 76,522 72,807 5.1 33,424 31,500 13,301.54 5.8 48 5
Kawartha Lakes CA Ont. 75,423 73,219 Revised r 3.0 38,444 31,106 3,084.38 24.5 49 20
North Bay CA Ont. 70,378 72,241 Revised r -2.6 33,696 30,124 5,369.04 13.1 51 21
Charlottetown CA P.E.I. 69,325 65,523 Revised r 5.8 32,021 28,948 917.47 75.6 52 1
Saint-Hyacinthe CA Que. 59,614 56,794 5.0 28,605 27,003 328.53 181.5 57 9
Shawinigan CA Que. 54,181 54,489 Revised r -0.6 29,070 26,336 843.38 64.2 60 11
Wood Buffalo CA Alta. 73,320 66,896 9.6 31,393 26,225 61,871.37 1.2 50 6
Vernon CA B.C. 61,334 58,584 4.7 29,311 26,180 1,042.12 58.9 55 9
Cornwall CA Ont. 59,699 58,957 1.3 26,936 26,082 509.14 117.3 56 23
Norfolk CA Ont. 64,044 63,175 1.4 28,720 26,007 1,607.55 39.8 53 22
Rimouski CA Que. 55,349 53,711 Revised r 3.0 27,779 25,458 896.27 61.8 59 10
Courtenay CA B.C. 54,157 51,787 Revised r 4.6 26,140 24,436 596.00 90.9 61 10
Grande Prairie CA Alta. 63,166 55,655 Revised r 13.5 26,204 23,676 132.73 475.9 54 7
Brandon CA Man. 58,003 54,847 Revised r 5.8 25,072 23,645 2,289.33 25.3 58 2
Joliette CA Que. 49,439 46,932 5.3 23,392 22,478 108.80 454.4 62 12
Victoriaville CA Que. 49,151 46,354 6.0 22,553 21,798 153.23 320.8 63 13
Truro CA N.S. 45,753 45,888 -0.3 22,478 20,095 2,733.13 16.7 65 3
Penticton CA B.C. 43,432 42,361 2.5 21,603 19,883 1,724.95 25.2 68 12
Sorel-Tracy CA Que. 41,629 41,520 Revised r 0.3 20,856 19,657 172.63 241.1 71 15
Rouyn-Noranda CA Que. 42,334 41,012 Revised r 3.2 20,568 18,851 6,009.86 7.0 69 14
Duncan CA B.C. 44,451 43,252 2.8 19,732 18,744 373.71 118.9 66 11
Salaberry-de-Valleyfield CA Que. 40,745 40,077 1.7 19,356 18,623 107.13 380.3 73 16
Leamington CA Ont. 49,147 49,765 -1.2 19,085 17,968 508.84 96.6 64 24
Timmins CA Ont. 41,788 43,165 -3.2 19,317 17,740 2,978.83 14.0 70 25
Woodstock CA Ont. 40,902 37,754 8.3 17,530 17,151 48.97 835.3 72 26
Brockville CA Ont. 38,553 39,024 -1.2 17,818 16,912 893.23 43.2 74 27
Prince Albert CA Sask. 44,160 43,680 Revised r 1.1 18,107 16,596 2,556.05 17.3 67 3
Campbell River CA B.C. 37,861 36,096 4.9 17,200 16,389 1,737.71 21.8 75 13
Midland CA Ont. 35,859 35,419 1.2 16,660 15,180 199.99 179.3 76 28
New Glasgow CA N.S. 34,487 35,809 -3.7 17,035 15,132 2,067.03 16.7 79 4
Moose Jaw CA Sask. 35,053 34,421 1.8 16,390 15,010 844.42 41.5 77 4
Val-d'Or CA Que. 33,871 33,265 1.8 15,674 14,877 3,553.91 9.5 80 17
Saint-Georges CA Que. 32,513 31,173 Revised r 4.3 15,022 14,592 199.27 163.2 82 19
Alma CA Que. 32,849 33,018 -0.5 15,155 14,467 341.54 96.2 81 18
Bathurst CA N.B. 31,110 31,936 Revised r -2.6 15,385 13,970 2,104.04 14.8 88 4
Owen Sound CA Ont. 31,820 32,092 -0.8 15,167 13,888 628.64 50.6 84 29
Stratford CA Ont. 31,465 30,903 Revised r 1.8 14,302 13,847 28.28 1,112.5 85 30
Parksville CA B.C. 28,922 27,822 4.0 14,642 13,751 81.86 353.3 90 14
Corner Brook CA N.L. 31,917 31,417 Revised r 1.6 14,927 13,618 1,140.20 28.0 83 2
Orillia CA Ont. 31,166 30,586 Revised r 1.9 14,287 13,477 28.58 1,090.3 87 32
Thetford Mines CA Que. 28,448 28,927 Revised r -1.7 14,449 13,349 516.04 55.1 94 22
Lloydminster CA Alta./Sask. 34,583 30,798 12.3 14,606 12,996 1,087.71 31.8 78 not applicable ...
Lloydminster (Saskatchewan part)     14,938 12,766 17.0 6,162 5,552 1,063.67 14.0 not applicable ... 8
Lloydminster (Alberta part)     19,645 18,032 8.9 8,444 7,444 24.04 817.3 not applicable ... 10
Rivière-du-Loup CA Que. 28,902 28,987 Revised r -0.3 14,010 12,907 544.25 53.1 91 20
Carleton Place CA Ont. 31,451 29,180 Revised r 7.8 13,039 12,434 769.11 40.9 86 31
Baie-Comeau CA Que. 27,692 28,465 Revised r -2.7 13,146 12,366 691.02 40.1 98 23
Sept-Îles CA Que. 28,534 28,487 0.2 13,623 12,275 1,770.60 16.1 93 21
Miramichi CA N.B. 27,523 28,115 -2.1 13,019 11,940 7,578.93 3.6 99 5
Whitehorse CA Y.T. 28,225 26,028 8.4 12,516 11,625 8,488.95 3.3 96 1
Kentville CA N.S. 26,222 26,359 -0.5 12,275 11,370 609.73 43.0 100 5
Port Alberni CA B.C. 25,112 25,465 -1.4 12,307 11,361 1,729.39 14.5 102 17
Cranbrook CA B.C. 26,083 25,037 4.2 11,637 10,982 4,568.01 5.7 101 16
Fort St. John CA B.C. 28,396 26,380 7.6 12,737 10,965 620.80 45.7 95 15
Centre Wellington CA Ont. 28,191 26,693 5.6 11,499 10,823 407.54 69.2 97 33
Edmundston CA N.B. 23,524 23,819 Revised r -1.2 11,255 10,532 1,769.64 13.3 104 6
Winkler CA Man. 30,297 26,838 Revised r 12.9 10,539 10,264 870.08 34.8 89 3
Quesnel CA B.C. 23,146 23,566 Revised r -1.8 10,768 10,038 21,751.30 1.1 106 18
Pembroke CA Ont. 23,269 24,017 -3.1 10,562 9,915 565.99 41.1 105 34
Okotoks CA Alta. 28,881 24,511 17.8 9,840 9,667 19.63 1,471.0 92 8
Collingwood CA Ont. 21,793 19,241 13.3 11,617 9,556 33.78 645.1 107 35
Wasaga Beach CA Ont. 20,675 17,537 Revised r 17.9 12,516 9,005 58.64 352.6 108 36
Cobourg CA Ont. 19,440 18,519 5.0 8,958 8,639 22.36 869.3 112 37
Matane CA Que. 17,926 18,368 -2.4 9,583 8,575 663.37 27.0 118 24
Brooks CA Alta. 24,662 23,430 5.3 9,135 8,511 5,931.03 4.2 103 9
Nelson CA B.C. 18,307 17,987 Revised r 1.8 9,163 8,265 1,224.94 14.9 116 20
Camrose CA Alta. 18,742 17,286 8.4 8,520 8,055 42.62 439.8 114 11
Yorkton CA Sask. 18,905 18,238 3.7 8,505 7,979 844.61 22.4 113 6
North Battleford CA Sask. 19,623 18,850 Revised r 4.1 8,520 7,928 855.34 22.9 110 5
Swift Current CA Sask. 18,536 17,535 5.7 8,393 7,854 1,131.74 16.4 115 7
Powell River CA B.C. 16,783 16,689 0.6 8,332 7,736 800.72 21.0 121 23
Williams Lake CA B.C. 18,277 18,490 -1.2 8,379 7,620 2,657.80 6.9 117 21
Salmon Arm CA B.C. 17,904 17,683 1.2 7,937 7,534 165.57 108.1 119 22
Squamish CA B.C. 19,893 17,479 13.8 7,702 7,377 105.59 188.4 109 19
Summerside CA P.E.I. 16,587 16,488 0.6 7,698 7,219 92.43 179.5 123 2
Yellowknife CA N.W.T. 19,569 19,234 1.7 7,758 7,131 105.47 185.5 111 1
Tillsonburg CA Ont. 15,872 15,301 3.7 7,297 7,127 22.33 710.8 125 41
Campbellton CA N.B./Que. 15,746 17,361 Revised r -9.3 7,636 7,089 1,590.70 9.9 127 not applicable ...
Campbellton (New Brunswick part)     13,114 14,039 Revised r -6.6 6,308 5,857 1,155.48 11.3 not applicable ... 7
Campbellton (Quebec part)     2,632 3,322 -20.8 1,328 1,232 435.22 6.0 not applicable ... 29
Port Hope CA Ont. 16,753 16,214 3.3 7,305 7,075 278.87 60.1 122 39
Dolbeau-Mistassini CA Que. 15,673 15,826 Revised r -1.0 7,443 6,865 718.15 21.8 129 25
Arnprior CA Ont. 15,973 15,485 Revised r 3.2 7,249 6,796 268.83 59.4 124 40
Kenora CA Ont. 15,096 15,348 -1.6 7,376 6,475 211.59 71.3 131 42
Terrace CA B.C. 15,723 15,569 1.0 6,752 6,362 73.91 212.7 128 24
Petawawa CA Ont. 17,187 15,988 7.5 6,747 6,334 166.69 103.1 120 38
Grand Falls-Windsor CA N.L. 14,171 13,725 3.2 6,406 6,091 54.67 259.2 133 3
Steinbach CA Man. 15,829 13,524 17.0 6,305 6,024 25.59 618.6 126 4
Cowansville CA Que. 13,656 12,489 9.3 6,272 5,992 46.89 291.2 137 26
Lachute CA Que. 12,862 12,551 2.5 6,403 5,983 109.96 117.0 144 28
Sylvan Lake CA Alta. 15,302 12,797 Revised r 19.6 6,914 5,814 24.50 624.5 130 12
Hawkesbury CA Ont./Que. 11,974 12,128 -1.3 6,093 5,748 12.48 959.3 149 not applicable ...
Hawkesbury (Quebec part)     1,711 1,577 8.5 862 792 2.87 597.2 not applicable ... 30
Hawkesbury (Ontario part)     10,263 10,551 -2.7 5,231 4,956 9.62 1,067.3 not applicable ... 45
Canmore CA Alta. 13,992 12,288 13.9 7,963 5,738 69.43 201.5 134 14
Sainte-Marie CA Que. 13,565 12,889 Revised r 5.2 5,857 5,651 107.57 126.1 140 27
Cold Lake CA Alta. 14,961 13,839 8.1 6,657 5,597 59.92 249.7 132 13
Portage la Prairie CA Man. 13,304 12,996 2.4 5,794 5,576 24.68 539.1 141 6
Gander CA N.L. 13,234 12,683 Revised r 4.3 6,406 5,542 2,427.35 5.5 142 4
Elliot Lake CA Ont. 10,741 11,348 -5.3 6,259 5,514 714.65 15.0 152 44
Estevan CA Sask. 13,615 12,973 4.9 6,266 5,512 795.32 17.1 138 9
High River CA Alta. 13,584 12,930 Revised r 5.1 5,655 5,367 21.39 635.1 139 16
Strathmore CA Alta. 13,756 12,305 11.8 5,358 5,148 27.40 502.0 135 15
Wetaskiwin CA Alta. 12,655 12,525 1.0 5,563 5,121 18.31 691.1 147 18
Prince Rupert CA B.C. 12,687 13,052 -2.8 5,896 5,102 234.29 54.2 146 25
Ingersoll CA Ont. 12,757 12,146 5.0 5,192 5,088 12.75 1,000.7 145 43
Dawson Creek CA B.C. 12,178 11,583 5.1 6,020 5,035 24.37 499.8 148 26
Thompson CA Man. 13,678 12,829 Revised r 6.6 5,482 4,910 20.79 657.8 136 5
Lacombe CA Alta. 13,057 11,707 11.5 5,034 4,797 20.81 627.5 143 17
Weyburn CA Sask. 10,870 10,484 Revised r 3.7 5,135 4,586 19.15 567.6 151 10
Bay Roberts CA N.L. 11,083 10,871 2.0 4,956 4,501 103.66 106.9 150 5
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