Population and Dwelling Count Highlight Tables, 2016 Census

Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and population centres, 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data

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This table presents the 2016 and 2011 population counts and the 2016 dwelling counts, land area and population ranking for population centres for Canada and within a selected province or territory. It also shows the percentage change in the population counts between 2011 and 2016.

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Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and population centres, 2016 and 2011 censuses. This table presents the 2016 and 2011 population counts and the 2016 dwelling counts, land area and population ranking for population centres for Canada and within a selected province or territory. It also shows the percentage change in the population counts between 2011 and 2016. Same-page links within the first column 'Geographic name' will move focus to the map beneath the table. When sorting the table headers (ascending or descending), the page reloads and focus moves to the top of the table.
Geographic name Population centre size groupFootnote 1 Prov. / Terr. Population Private dwellings, 2016 Land area in square kilometres, 2016 Population density per square kilometre, 2016
2016 2011 % change Total Occupied by usual residents
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Toronto Large urban Ont. 5,429,524 5,144,412 Revised r 5.5 2,059,207 1,967,380 1,792.99 3,028.2
Montréal Large urban Que. 3,519,595 3,387,653 Revised r 3.9 1,580,731 1,493,381 1,293.99 2,719.9
Vancouver Large urban B.C. 2,264,823 2,124,443 Revised r 6.6 944,471 883,021 876.44 2,584.1
Calgary Large urban Alta. 1,237,656 1,094,379 Revised r 13.1 489,271 466,391 586.08 2,111.8
Ottawa - Gatineau Large urban Ont./Que. 989,567 945,592 Revised r 4.7 439,953 412,533 520.82 1,900.0
Ottawa - Gatineau (Quebec part)   Que. 253,861 243,339 Revised r 4.3 115,839 108,865 179.34 1,415.6
Ottawa - Gatineau (Ontario part)   Ont. 735,706 702,253 Revised r 4.8 324,114 303,668 341.48 2,154.5
Edmonton Large urban Alta. 1,062,643 935,361 Revised r 13.6 436,072 408,474 572.69 1,855.5
Québec Large urban Que. 705,103 681,804 Revised r 3.4 341,184 324,430 427.66 1,648.8
Winnipeg Large urban Man. 711,925 670,025 Revised r 6.3 296,630 283,454 343.99 2,069.6
Hamilton Large urban Ont. 693,645 671,008 Revised r 3.4 286,803 274,649 351.67 1,972.4
Kitchener Large urban Ont. 470,015 446,295 Revised r 5.3 191,637 181,511 269.23 1,745.8
London Large urban Ont. 383,437 365,715 Revised r 4.8 175,205 162,861 232.48 1,649.3
Victoria Large urban B.C. 335,696 314,596 Revised r 6.7 158,734 149,903 215.88 1,555.0
Halifax Large urban N.S. 316,701 304,979 Revised r 3.8 150,284 139,921 234.72 1,349.3
Windsor Large urban Ont. 287,069 277,970 Revised r 3.3 123,293 116,706 176.21 1,629.1
Oshawa Large urban Ont. 308,875 290,704 Revised r 6.3 116,268 113,297 154.57 1,998.3
Saskatoon Large urban Sask. 245,181 220,546 Revised r 11.2 106,637 98,155 125.50 1,953.7
St. Catharines - Niagara Falls Large urban Ont. 229,246 220,616 Revised r 3.9 101,461 96,037 136.28 1,682.2
Regina Large urban Sask. 214,631 192,079 Revised r 11.7 92,841 87,168 103.11 2,081.5
St. John's Large urban N.L. 178,427 172,312 Revised r 3.5 81,394 74,706 166.00 1,074.9
Sherbrooke Large urban Que. 139,565 133,673 Revised r 4.4 71,545 65,201 96.34 1,448.7
Kelowna Large urban B.C. 151,957 140,131 Revised r 8.4 67,767 63,946 136.44 1,113.8
Trois-Rivières Large urban Que. 114,203 112,626 Revised r 1.4 59,235 54,919 72.23 1,581.2
Barrie Large urban Ont. 145,614 140,383 Revised r 3.7 55,655 53,898 83.67 1,740.2
Guelph Large urban Ont. 132,397 122,457 Revised r 8.1 56,109 52,290 74.10 1,786.7
Kingston Large urban Ont. 117,660 114,928 Revised r 2.4 57,665 51,353 74.77 1,573.7
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