Census Profile, 2016 Census
Halifax, Regional municipality [Census subdivision], Nova Scotia and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Halifax, RGM
Nova Scotia
[Census subdivision]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Halifax, Regional municipality [Census subdivision], Nova Scotia  Map : Halifax, Regional municipality [Census subdivision], Nova Scotia
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 403,131 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 390,086 r ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.3 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 187,338 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 173,324 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 73.4 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 5,490.35 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 403,130 195,210 207,920 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 60,510 30,900 29,615 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 19,785 10,080 9,705 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 20,745 10,620 10,125 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 19,985 10,200 9,785 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 279,525 136,210 143,315 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 22,330 11,310 11,020 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 30,205 15,005 15,200 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 30,185 15,170 15,015 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 27,470 13,490 13,980 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 25,700 12,285 13,415 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 26,640 12,805 13,830 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 27,715 13,165 14,550 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 32,640 15,850 16,795 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 30,590 14,805 15,790 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 26,050 12,325 13,720 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 63,095 28,100 34,990 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 22,495 10,625 11,875 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 15,500 7,240 8,255 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 10,430 4,695 5,735 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 7,490 3,195 4,295 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 7,185 2,350 4,830 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 4,405 1,585 2,815 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 2,115 610 1,505 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 605 145 460 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 55 10 45 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.0 15.8 14.2 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 69.3 69.8 68.9 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 15.7 14.4 16.8 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 1.8 1.2 2.3 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 40.8 39.9 41.8 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 41.0 39.8 42.1 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 173,325 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 86,585 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 21,005 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 61,745 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 11,785 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 6,660 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 6,270 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 36,795 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 235 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 3,995 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 173,325 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 51,120 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 64,375 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 27,245 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 21,020 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 9,565 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 397,370 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 342,620 164,315 178,305 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 192,490 96,070 96,415 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 154,005 76,885 77,125 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 38,485 19,185 19,295 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 150,125 68,245 81,885 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 102,350 52,820 49,535 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 9,775 4,175 5,595 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 20,590 7,605 12,985 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 17,410 3,650 13,765 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 113,560 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 62,535 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 24,865 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 19,235 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 6,915 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 113,555 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 94,690 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 75,450 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 19,235 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 18,870 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 15,245 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 3,620 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 94,685 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 50,605 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 44,075 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 19,595 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 17,945 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 6,545 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 18,870 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 11,930 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 5,275 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 1,665 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 84,120 39,360 44,760 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 173,325 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 108,935 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 48,730 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 60,205 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,285 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 62,100 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 51,120 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 10,985 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 399,315 193,620 205,700 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 347,190 170,795 176,400 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 340 160 185 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 49,575 21,645 27,925 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 2,210 1,025 1,185 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 399,315 193,620 205,700 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 386,095 187,165 198,935 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 9,895 4,910 4,985 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 1,210 575 640 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 2,115 970 1,140 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 10,500 5,200 5,305 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.6 2.7 2.6 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 399,315 193,615 205,700 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 394,160 191,080 203,085 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 363,305 175,400 187,910 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 353,165 170,405 182,760 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 10,140 4,990 5,145 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 30,855 15,680 15,175 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 75 35 35 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 60 35 25 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 0 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 55 30 20 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 50 30 25 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 5 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 0 0 0 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 10 5 5 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 10 5 5 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 30,780 15,645 15,140 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,020 3,850 3,170 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 10 10 0 725 405 320
Kabyle 0 5 5 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 115 60 60 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 5 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 55 35 25 1,445 720 730
Somali 50 20 30 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 225 115 110
Semitic languages 6,895 3,780 3,115 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 110 45 60 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 6,430 3,545 2,880 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 5 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 0 0 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 195 110 90 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 5 5 0 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 145 65 75 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 400 195 205 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 395 195 205 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 1,665 725 935 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 5 0 0 595 260 330
Cebuano 105 50 65 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 15 10 10 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 45 15 35 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 40 15 25 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 0 5 0 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,420 625 790 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 5 0 0 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 55 40 15 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 30 25 10 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 20 10 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 875 510 360 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 25 15 10 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 310 165 145 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 260 155 100 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 270 170 100 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 12,660 6,405 6,255 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 250 125 125 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 30 25 10 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 2,790 1,350 1,440 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 55 15 45 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 25 10 20 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 30 5 25 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 2,735 1,335 1,395 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 5 5 0 515 230 280
Bosnian 115 60 60 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 40 20 25 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 185 90 95 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 140 70 70 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 15 5 5 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 590 285 305 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 1,150 565 590 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 110 50 60 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 80 40 40 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 85 40 45 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 15 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 190 95 95 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 45 20 25 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 25 10 20 450 210 240
Welsh 15 10 5 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 225 120 110
Germanic languages 2,070 995 1,080 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 80 40 35 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 95 60 40 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 490 235 255 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 5 0 5 1,240 630 620
German 1,205 550 645 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 30 20 15 210 100 110
Norwegian 70 45 30 940 405 540
Swedish 60 25 40 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 10 5 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 10 5 0 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 170 80 85
Greek 660 335 325 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 4,300 2,350 1,950 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 2,950 1,645 1,300 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 440 270 170 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 175 110 60 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 660 395 265 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 5 5 5 345 170 175
Konkani 5 5 5 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 60 35 25 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 525 250 270 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 5 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 475 250 220 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 15 10 5 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 140 70 70 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 435 245 190 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 1,330 690 640 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 115 65 50 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 65 40 30 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 1,145 585 565 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 2,515 1,205 1,305 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 10 5 5 285 150 135
Italian 555 285 265 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 385 185 200 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 185 90 95 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 1,375 640 740 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 420 200 215
Japanese 250 70 185 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Georgian 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Korean 905 380 520 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 0 5 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 535 270 260 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 35 15 20 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 5 0 5 140 60 80
Edo 5 0 5 1,140 475 670
Ewe 35 25 15 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 5 0 365 180 185
Ga 10 5 0 600 275 325
Ganda 20 5 10 760 360 400
Igbo 35 20 15 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 10 5 5 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 10 10 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 45 15 30 1,330 545 785
Shona 25 15 10 1,455 660 790
Swahili 120 55 60 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 5 0 0 290 145 150
Yoruba 50 30 25 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 65 35 30 1,610 810 800
Dinka 10 5 5 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 115 55 60 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 55 25 25 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 60 25 30 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,500 2,745 2,755 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 5,480 2,735 2,740 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 930 430 495 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 20 10 10 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 3,950 1,975 1,975 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 0 0 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 95 45 50 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 45 30 15 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 430 250 180 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 10 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 5 0 5 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 10 5 0 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 90 35 55 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 5 5 5 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 85 35 50 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 385 210 175 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 15 10 5 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 255 135 120 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 5 5 5 515 255 260
Uzbek 110 60 50 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 640 295 345
Uralic languages 235 105 135 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 25 15 15 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 35 10 25 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 180 80 95 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 5,155 2,535 2,615 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 1,775 815 965 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 3,040 1,555 1,480 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 175 90 80 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 160 75 80 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 399,315 193,620 205,700 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 391,025 189,440 201,580 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 374,620 181,095 193,520 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 370,955 179,295 191,660 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 3,665 1,805 1,860 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 16,405 8,345 8,060 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 15 5 5 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 20 10 5 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 10 5 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 10 5 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 5 5 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 16,385 8,335 8,055 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,195 2,215 1,980 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 75 35 40 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 5 5 0 170 80 85
Oromo 40 25 20 805 380 425
Somali 25 10 15 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 4,115 2,180 1,940 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 50 25 30 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 3,845 2,040 1,805 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 115 65 55 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 0 0 0 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 95 40 55 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 255 130 130 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 255 130 130 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 890 430 460 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 50 20 30 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 5 5 5 910 385 530
Ilocano 10 5 5 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 5 0 5 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 820 405 420 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 20 15 5 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 5 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 5 10 0 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 395 225 170 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 10 5 5 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 135 75 60 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 120 65 50 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 125 75 50 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 5,505 2,760 2,740 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 110 55 55 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 15 10 10 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 1,275 625 650 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 15 5 10 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 5 5 5 860 350 515
Lithuanian 15 5 10 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 1,260 615 635 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 65 30 30 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 20 15 10 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 60 25 35 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 40 25 15 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 0 0 0 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 180 80 100 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 735 370 370 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 60 30 35 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 30 20 15 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 20 5 15 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 5 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 45 25 20 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 355 160 190
Celtic languages 20 10 10 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 5 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 360 175 185 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 20 15 10 755 365 390
Danish 10 0 5 280 135 150
Dutch 45 20 25 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 235 115 125 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 25 10 15 45 20 30
Norwegian 15 5 5 70 30 40
Swedish 5 5 5 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 245 120 125 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 2,545 1,335 1,210 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 1,650 885 765 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 230 125 105 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 95 60 30 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 285 180 110 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 5 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 0 0 0 540 260 280
Marathi 30 15 15 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 475 235 240 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 205 105 105 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 0 5 0 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 80 45 45 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 250 130 120 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 895 445 450 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 85 45 35 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 35 15 15 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 780 385 395 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 935 435 500 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 130 55 70 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 150 70 85 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 60 30 30 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 585 275 310 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 80 30 55 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 610 270 340 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 145 70 75 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 5 0 5 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 10 5 5 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 5 5 0 175 80 100
Ganda 5 0 5 195 85 110
Igbo 10 5 5 540 265 275
Lingala 0 0 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 0 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 5 10 420 160 260
Shona 0 0 0 455 210 245
Swahili 55 25 30 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 15 10 10 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 30 15 15 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 425 195 225
Sign languages 155 75 80 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 65 30 35 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 90 45 45 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,830 1,965 1,865 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 3,825 1,965 1,860 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 525 275 250 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 5 5 5 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 2,935 1,475 1,460 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 40 25 20 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 10 10 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 295 175 120 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 5 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 0 0 0 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 0 0 0 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 30 10 15 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 5 0 0 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 25 10 15 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 195 100 90 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 5 5 5 770 385 380
Turkish 120 65 55 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 70 40 30 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 50 25 25 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 5 0 0 790 290 500
Finnish 5 0 0 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 45 20 25 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 465 245 225
Multiple responses 8,290 4,175 4,110 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 1,155 535 625 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 6,810 3,475 3,335 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 65 35 25 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 260 130 135 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 399,315 193,620 205,700 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 370,395 179,625 190,765 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 9,220 4,720 4,500 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 8,480 3,705 4,775 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 10,600 5,285 5,315 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 105 45 55 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 10,500 5,240 5,260 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 125 55 70 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 185 90 105 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 305 140 165 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 5 0 5 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 336,980 161,865 175,115 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 323,610 155,400 168,210 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,098 42,887 31,010 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 323,720 155,415 168,310 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,759 36,917 27,849 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 293,375 143,380 149,995 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,903 41,773 29,211 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 223,275 93,630 129,645 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,492 3,888 4,733 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 243,265 121,755 121,510 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,247 40,179 29,596 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 336,985 161,860 175,125 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 323,895 155,370 168,520 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,440 55,063 38,490 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 324,005 155,400 168,605 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,510 43,449 32,036 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 293,535 143,480 150,055 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,953 55,184 37,127 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 223,870 93,325 130,550 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,935 6,830 7,011 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 243,290 121,815 121,475 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,086 51,876 36,275 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 336,985 161,860 175,125 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 125,025 67,355 57,675 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 51,716 58,006 45,767 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 61,480 69,028 52,665 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.6 92.4 86.0 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 71.3 74.0 67.8 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.4 7.6 14.0 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 336,980 161,865 175,115 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 13,370 6,470 6,905 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 323,605 155,395 168,210 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 96.0 96.0 96.1 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 44,140 19,460 24,675 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 49,850 19,060 30,790 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 43,080 16,930 26,150 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 40,175 17,330 22,840 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 35,100 16,240 18,860 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 27,065 14,185 12,880 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 21,005 12,075 8,930 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 17,485 10,065 7,420 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 13,775 8,055 5,725 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 8,680 5,605 3,075 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 23,260 16,390 6,870 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 15,955 10,955 5,000 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 7,305 5,440 1,870 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 336,980 161,865 175,110 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 13,255 6,450 6,810 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 323,720 155,415 168,305 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 96.1 96.0 96.1 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 46,240 19,845 26,395 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 53,290 20,625 32,665 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 53,030 21,525 31,505 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 50,335 22,470 27,865 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 39,395 20,330 19,060 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 28,450 16,475 11,975 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 21,125 12,335 8,790 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 11,710 7,570 4,150 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 20,145 14,240 5,905 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 6,505 4,400 2,110 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 3,930 2,715 1,215 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 9,710 7,130 2,580 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 336,980 161,865 175,115 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 93,715 40,110 53,600 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 243,265 121,755 121,510 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 72.2 75.2 69.4 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 30,525 13,925 16,605 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 19,550 8,455 11,090 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 32,130 14,030 18,100 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 27,975 12,390 15,585 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 27,190 11,870 15,320 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 23,785 10,930 12,860 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 18,560 9,850 8,710 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 15,065 8,810 6,255 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 13,695 7,870 5,820 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 34,790 23,625 11,165 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 11,185 6,570 4,610 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 6,740 4,555 2,185 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 16,865 12,495 4,370 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 173,325 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 69,553 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 59,263 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 51,125 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,087 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,574 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 122,200 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,785 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,127 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 173,335 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 86,778 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 70,116 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 51,155 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,664 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,401 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 122,175 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 104,412 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,232 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 173,325 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,740 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,085 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,965 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,255 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 6,735 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,515 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 7,490 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 7,400 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 7,445 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 7,240 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 13,630 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 12,720 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 12,175 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 11,000 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 9,455 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 53,480 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 18,535 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 12,665 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 13,130 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 9,145 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 173,325 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,890 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,150 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,045 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,725 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,905 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 8,175 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 9,310 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 9,175 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 9,075 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,705 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 16,720 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 15,675 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 13,375 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 11,365 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 9,490 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 35,550 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 16,605 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 8,910 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 10,035 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 113,240 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,401 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 75,082 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 47,605 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,594 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,338 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 44,630 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 116,685 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,190 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 17,600 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,944 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,310 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 113,170 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 106,509 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,559 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 47,615 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 98,920 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,277 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 44,695 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 133,015 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,742 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 17,475 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 61,769 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,448 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 75,865 35,980 39,885 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,379 32,053 30,862 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,145 28,429 27,907 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 75,820 35,755 40,065 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,408 40,478 38,452 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 32,585 32,913 32,292 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 397,375 192,700 204,675 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 199,890 93,895 105,995 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 45,275 21,860 23,415 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 36,780 16,240 20,545 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 37,650 17,385 20,255 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 39,195 18,525 20,665 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 40,995 19,875 21,120 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 197,480 98,805 98,675 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 41,365 20,575 20,790 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 42,860 21,435 21,430 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 43,120 21,490 21,630 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 38,755 19,480 19,275 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 31,380 15,825 15,555 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 397,375 192,695 204,675 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 72,900 37,155 35,745 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 23,875 12,160 11,715 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 264,835 128,510 136,330 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 59,635 27,040 32,595 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 58,825 27,410 31,415 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 13,695 6,970 6,720 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 5,085 2,540 2,545 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 38,000 17,830 20,165 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 7,135 2,605 4,530 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.8 14.2 15.3 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 18.8 18.8 18.8 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 21.3 20.9 21.7 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 14.3 13.9 14.8 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 12.0 9.6 13.9 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 38,240 18,730 19,510 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 7,790 3,985 3,805 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 2,990 1,520 1,470 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 28,875 14,140 14,745 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 1,570 615 960 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.6 9.7 9.5 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 10.7 10.7 10.6 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 12.5 12.5 12.5 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 10.9 11.0 10.8 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 2.6 2.3 2.9 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 397,390 192,705 204,690 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 395,220 191,780 203,440 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 394,950 191,655 203,290 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 49,660 21,765 27,900 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 43,815 21,805 22,010 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 190 80 110 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 160 60 100 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 10 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 10 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 150 55 95 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 10 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 150 55 90 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 10 0 10 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 10 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 10 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 10 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 10 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 10 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 0 10 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 10 10 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 43,630 21,730 21,900 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 9,825 5,290 4,535 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 25 15 15 925 505 415
Kabyle 25 10 10 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 145 50 90 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 20 10 15 355 200 160
Oromo 35 15 20 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 80 20 55 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 9,745 5,270 4,470 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 260 135 120 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 8,850 4,770 4,085 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 570 340 240 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 10 10 10 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 140 70 70 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 455 205 250 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 0 10 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 445 200 240 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 2,270 985 1,285 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 10 0 10 755 340 425
Cebuano 110 55 60 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 10 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 40 15 25 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 55 10 40 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 40 10 35 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 0 0 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,155 940 1,215 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 10 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 220 105 115 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 10 10 10 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 95 40 50 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 1,205 690 520 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 75 35 35 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 490 260 235 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 365 225 140 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 335 200 130 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 20,805 10,300 10,505 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 375 180 200 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 80 50 30 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 3,195 1,520 1,680 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 65 20 45 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 20 0 15 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 40 15 25 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 3,145 1,500 1,645 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 10 0 10 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 120 50 70 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 45 20 20 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 225 85 145 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 155 75 75 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 70 40 30 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 640 290 355 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 1,665 835 830 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 140 60 80 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 100 55 45 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 95 40 50 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 0 20 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 260 125 135 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 310 145 165 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 200 90 110 1,480 720 765
Welsh 15 10 10 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 115 55 65 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 4,305 2,100 2,210 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 245 110 135 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 135 75 65 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 740 315 425 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 10 0 10 1,655 820 835
German 3,000 1,505 1,495 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 70 25 40 285 130 155
Norwegian 80 70 15 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 175 70 105 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 0 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 25 15 10 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 1,195 605 590 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 5,660 3,165 2,500 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 4,225 2,405 1,825 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 540 300 240 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 195 130 70 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 2,005 1,150 855 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 10 0 10 600 300 300
Konkani 20 10 0 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 105 70 35 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 620 315 305 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 20 10 10 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 815 455 360 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 10 10 10 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 210 115 95 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 880 540 335 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 1,450 780 670 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 180 105 75 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 60 40 15 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 1,245 655 585 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 60 30 35 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 6,615 3,035 3,575 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 20 10 10 515 275 240
Italian 1,225 615 605 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 675 370 305 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 210 125 90 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 4,825 2,110 2,715 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 45 35 10 1,355 745 605
Japanese 635 245 390 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 10 0 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 0 10 0 1,555 770 785
Korean 1,195 510 685 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 10 0 10 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 1,150 625 525 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 30 20 15 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 10 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 0 0 0 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 70 40 30 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 25 15 15 1,340 645 695
Ganda 60 20 35 1,225 550 675
Igbo 70 45 30 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 30 15 20 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 120 50 65 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 55 35 25 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 335 190 150 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 30 10 20 730 355 375
Yoruba 215 110 110 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 235 135 100 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 25 10 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 10 0 10 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 25 10 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 930 315 615 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 565 180 385 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 375 140 230 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,840 2,975 2,860 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 5,825 2,975 2,850 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 1,250 600 650 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 45 20 25 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 4,540 2,275 2,265 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 150 65 90 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 45 20 25 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 410 255 160 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 0 15 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 0 0 0 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 15 0 15 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 165 75 85 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 15 0 10 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 150 75 75 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 535 280 255 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 20 20 0 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 395 190 205 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 15 10 10 700 350 345
Uzbek 100 60 40 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 915 450 465
Uralic languages 245 120 120 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 45 25 20 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 50 20 35 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 140 80 65 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 45 10 30 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 397,390 192,705 204,690 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 376,015 181,515 194,495 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 69,465 35,405 34,060 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 306,550 146,115 160,435 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 21,380 11,185 10,195 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 397,395 192,705 204,690 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 352,400 169,730 182,670 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 37,200 18,410 18,785 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 10,085 4,905 5,180 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 3,035 1,535 1,505 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 4,885 2,365 2,525 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 9,760 4,920 4,835 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 3,760 1,890 1,870 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 6,000 3,030 2,975 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 9,425 4,685 4,740 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 7,795 4,565 3,235 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 37,195 18,410 18,790 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 4,640 2,225 2,420 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 6,970 3,525 3,445 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 6,620 3,180 3,440 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 16,230 8,050 8,185 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 2,735 1,435 1,300 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 37,200 18,410 18,785 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 5,480 2,570 2,915 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 135 60 70 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 115 65 50 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 75 40 35 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 145 65 75 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 40 20 25 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 345 135 210 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 225 110 115 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 85 25 55 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 175 100 75 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 3,225 1,480 1,745 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 925 470 455 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 12,245 6,205 6,040 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 195 100 100 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 130 50 80 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 340 190 150 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 1,150 580 570 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 450 235 220 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 75 35 45 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 280 105 175 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 380 215 165 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 470 190 285 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 460 190 270 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 180 115 65 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 150 90 65 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 505 245 255 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 65 35 25 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 270 125 145 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 5,890 3,105 2,790 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 1,250 600 650 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 3,025 1,565 1,460 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 10 10 10 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 730 375 355 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 170 85 85 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 115 70 45 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 70 40 25 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 290 145 140 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 65 30 30 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 350 150 200 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 1,220 650 570 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 16,210 7,915 8,290 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 100 40 60 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 250 140 110 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 2,345 970 1,375 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 250 115 140 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 1,875 985 890 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 840 465 380 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 530 245 285 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 170 60 110 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 720 290 430 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 1,205 660 545 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 450 225 225 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 2,030 865 1,165 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 265 120 145 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,045 505 545 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 180 90 85 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 355 170 190 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 3,595 1,965 1,630 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 235 155 80 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 9,425 4,685 4,735 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 995 450 545 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 85 35 45 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 15 0 15 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 70 35 25 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 15 10 10 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 125 60 65 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 90 50 40 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 360 170 200 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 10 10 0 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 230 85 140 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 1,385 720 665 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 80 45 35 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 85 40 40 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 35 15 20 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 25 10 15 880 400 480
Romania