Census Profile, 2016 Census
Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ottawa, CV
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Ottawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 934,243 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 883,391 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.8 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 395,985 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 373,756 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 334.8 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,790.30 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 934,245 453,875 480,365 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 155,680 79,185 76,490 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 48,870 24,800 24,070 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 53,715 27,365 26,350 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 53,095 27,020 26,075 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 634,425 310,390 324,035 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 57,190 28,990 28,200 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 68,645 34,575 34,070 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 63,695 31,675 32,025 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 61,670 30,105 31,565 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 59,575 28,330 31,250 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 62,710 29,880 32,830 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 65,960 31,980 33,980 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 73,210 36,005 37,210 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 66,765 32,370 34,395 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 54,990 26,475 28,510 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 144,140 64,300 79,840 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 48,130 22,870 25,265 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 33,875 15,790 18,085 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 24,600 11,135 13,465 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 17,950 7,765 10,185 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 19,580 6,740 12,840 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 11,720 4,480 7,245 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 5,995 1,845 4,145 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 1,640 385 1,255 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 225 30 200 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.7 17.4 15.9 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 67.9 68.4 67.5 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 15.4 14.2 16.6 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.1 1.5 2.7 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 40.1 39.2 41.0 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 40.1 39.0 41.0 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 373,755 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 158,235 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 68,645 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 146,085 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 20,140 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 79,340 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 7,055 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 39,095 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 465 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 800 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 373,755 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 105,750 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 124,280 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 58,010 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 55,215 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 30,500 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 916,860 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 778,565 374,690 403,875 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 437,500 218,705 218,795 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 366,365 182,795 183,565 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 71,130 35,910 35,225 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 341,065 155,985 185,080 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 236,315 123,415 112,895 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 21,015 8,500 12,520 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 46,000 16,540 29,460 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 37,730 7,535 30,200 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 254,770 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 123,855 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 54,635 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 53,395 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 22,885 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 254,765 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 213,535 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 177,990 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 35,545 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 41,230 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 32,860 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 8,375 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 213,535 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 99,685 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 113,855 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 42,565 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 49,890 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 21,390 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 41,235 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 24,170 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 12,065 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 4,995 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 168,745 78,365 90,380 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 373,755 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 243,070 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 94,935 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 148,135 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 5,755 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 124,935 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 105,750 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 19,185 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 923,375 449,335 474,040 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 549,395 279,175 270,220 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 12,680 5,075 7,610 1,810 820 985
English and French 347,510 159,620 187,890 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 13,790 5,465 8,320 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 923,370 449,335 474,035 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 749,725 370,365 379,360 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 138,900 63,600 75,300 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 21,300 10,070 11,230 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 13,445 5,295 8,150 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 149,550 68,635 80,915 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 16.2 15.3 17.1 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 923,375 449,330 474,040 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 889,715 433,335 456,385 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 689,300 338,895 350,405 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 562,070 280,205 281,870 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 127,225 58,690 68,530 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 200,420 94,440 105,975 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 650 245 405 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 280 115 165 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 155 70 85 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 5 5 5 5 0
Naskapi 10 5 5 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 20 15 5 10 0 10
Plains Cree 10 5 5 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 25 10 15 25 15 10
Woods Cree 5 5 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 75 35 40 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 5 10 10 5 10
Malecite 5 5 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 15 10 10 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 105 35 65 155 55 105
Algonquin 25 10 15 5 5 0
Ojibway 70 25 45 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 10 5 5 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 5 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 5 0 5 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 330 110 215 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 295 95 200 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 25 10 15 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 20 10 15 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 5 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 199,765 94,195 105,575 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 44,350 22,200 22,150 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 375 195 180 115 75 45
Kabyle 250 130 120 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 130 65 60 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 6,660 2,870 3,785 1,505 765 740
Bilen 50 25 25 5 0 0
Oromo 215 120 95 205 115 95
Somali 6,300 2,680 3,615 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 90 40 50 20 10 15
Semitic languages 37,255 19,100 18,160 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 1,455 680 770 1,370 670 700
Arabic 34,295 17,670 16,625 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 75 35 45 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 440 245 200
Harari 60 30 30 20 5 15
Hebrew 355 190 160 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 30 10 20 215 100 115
Tigrigna 905 440 460 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,045 3,225 3,815 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,100 485 610 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 5,930 2,735 3,195 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 7,785 2,835 4,950 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 30 15 15 375 165 215
Cebuano 370 120 245 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 110 35 75 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 575 225 345 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 55 25 25 20 10 15
Malay 395 160 235 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 15 700 320 380
Pangasinan 30 15 15 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,035 2,170 3,865 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 45 15 30 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 120 40 75 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 4,175 1,745 2,435 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 290 130 160 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 3,705 1,535 2,170 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 3,805 1,965 1,840 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 225 115 105 280 150 135
Malayalam 660 345 315 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 2,415 1,230 1,185 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 485 270 220 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 87,105 41,440 45,665 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 660 325 335 1,465 765 705
Armenian 465 235 230 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 20,270 9,080 11,190 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 455 200 260 1,070 485 585
Latvian 250 110 140 565 255 300
Lithuanian 210 85 125 505 225 280
Slavic languages 19,815 8,885 10,930 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 40 20 20 95 45 50
Bosnian 600 275 325 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 845 390 455 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 1,005 460 540 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 915 405 505 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 65 25 40 325 160 165
Polish 5,525 2,485 3,035 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 6,150 2,680 3,470 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 1,705 810 890 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 515 255 260 1,395 670 725
Slovak 570 260 315 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 210 85 125 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 1,630 695 935 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 345 175 170
Celtic languages 110 50 60 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 45 25 20 240 130 110
Welsh 50 15 35 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 95 50 45
Germanic languages 8,680 3,980 4,705 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 160 80 85 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 295 135 165 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 2,215 1,060 1,150 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 40 20 20 295 145 145
German 5,275 2,345 2,930 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 20 10 10 275 135 145
Norwegian 135 60 75 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 275 140 135 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 75 35 45 445 220 225
Yiddish 175 95 75 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 65 45 25
Greek 2,110 1,105 1,005 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 26,965 13,585 13,375 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 18,345 9,255 9,085 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 3,255 1,615 1,645 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 1,470 760 710 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 2,875 1,470 1,400 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 20 10 10 65 35 25
Konkani 105 55 50 255 130 125
Marathi 290 150 140 620 325 295
Nepali 925 440 485 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 40 20 20 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,880 1,995 1,885 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 270 120 145 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 810 395 420 1,675 845 830
Urdu 4,410 2,220 2,180 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 8,530 4,280 4,250 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 655 335 315 1,765 945 825
Pashto 1,025 520 510 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 6,850 3,420 3,430 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 60 40 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 27,840 13,070 14,770 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 30 15 15 160 85 75
Italian 9,030 4,470 4,560 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 4,205 1,970 2,240 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 2,560 1,165 1,400 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 11,985 5,445 6,540 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 105 65 40
Japanese 990 300 685 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 35 15 20 85 50 35
Georgian 30 15 25 85 50 40
Korean 2,065 875 1,185 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 35 15 15 360 150 205
Mongolian 30 15 20 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 5,380 2,360 3,020 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 355 175 180 495 275 220
Bamanankan 75 30 50 10 5 5
Edo 35 20 20 85 50 35
Ewe 75 30 50 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 100 45 55 45 25 20
Ga 60 30 30 45 20 25
Ganda 125 55 65 90 45 45
Igbo 180 90 95 245 145 105
Lingala 320 120 205 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 840 360 475 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 650 235 420 155 70 80
Shona 110 40 70 215 100 115
Swahili 1,100 485 615 805 400 405
Wolof 80 35 45 50 25 25
Yoruba 240 125 110 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,030 485 545 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 305 140 165 340 175 165
Dinka 90 45 45 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 220 95 120 240 115 125
Sign languages 220 105 120 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 75 30 50 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 10 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 140 75 65 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 31,945 14,835 17,105 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 31,130 14,445 16,690 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 10,160 4,775 5,380 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 155 65 90 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 18,575 8,565 10,010 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 50 25 25 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 725 315 410 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 445 205 240 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,010 485 520 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 815 395 420 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 225 120 110 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 325 155 165 815 395 425
Tibetan 95 50 40 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 170 75 95 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 690 245 445 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 345 155 190 1,100 550 550
Thai 345 90 255 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 1,645 835 815 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 120 70 55 530 290 235
Turkish 1,390 705 685 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 10 5 5 170 85 85
Uzbek 65 30 40 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 35 190 80 110
Uralic languages 2,055 965 1,085 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 150 70 80 705 295 410
Finnish 300 120 185 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 1,595 775 825 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 140 85 60 500 280 225
Multiple responses 33,660 16,000 17,655 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 12,295 5,825 6,475 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 15,135 7,340 7,795 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 3,815 1,730 2,085 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 2,415 1,110 1,300 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 923,370 449,335 474,040 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 866,210 422,345 443,870 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 766,810 375,540 391,270 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 680,895 336,595 344,305 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 85,910 38,945 46,965 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 99,400 46,805 52,600 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 210 90 125 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 70 35 40 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 55 20 35 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 5 5 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 5 10 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 5 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 30 15 15 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 5 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 15 10 5 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 130 55 75 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Inuktitut 120 45 70 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 5 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 99,190 46,715 52,480 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 24,665 11,855 12,810 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 220 110 115 45 25 20
Kabyle 180 85 95 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 3,860 1,580 2,275 770 355 415
Bilen 30 15 10 0 0 0
Oromo 130 70 60 90 50 45
Somali 3,645 1,475 2,165 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 60 20 35 15 5 10
Semitic languages 20,580 10,165 10,415 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 845 400 445 600 275 320
Arabic 19,105 9,455 9,645 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 40 15 20 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 20 5 10 10 5 5
Hebrew 135 80 60 900 465 440
Maltese 5 0 5 15 5 10
Tigrigna 415 195 220 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,140 1,895 2,245 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 460 200 265 800 375 420
Vietnamese 3,680 1,700 1,980 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 3,335 1,395 1,940 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 5 5 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 125 55 70 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 40 15 25 415 175 240
Ilocano 230 105 120 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 10 10 10 10 5 10
Malay 120 50 70 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5 150 70 80
Pangasinan 10 5 5 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,745 1,130 1,615 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 15 5 5 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 310 150 160
Creole languages 1,825 745 1,080 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 155 70 90 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 1,605 645 960 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 1,845 915 935 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 75 45 35 110 55 60
Malayalam 280 150 135 1,225 615 605
Tamil 1,285 615 665 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 195 105 90 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 37,270 17,645 19,625 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 295 140 155 695 335 360
Armenian 205 95 110 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 8,925 4,195 4,730 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 105 45 60 210 90 115
Latvian 55 25 35 80 30 50
Lithuanian 45 25 25 125 60 65
Slavic languages 8,815 4,150 4,670 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 20 10 10 15 5 5
Bosnian 305 150 150 595 300 300
Bulgarian 400 190 210 1,035 485 550
Croatian 330 150 180 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 205 100 110 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 15 10 5 150 75 75
Polish 1,995 915 1,075 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 3,625 1,690 1,935 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 1,005 500 505 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 200 105 95 500 235 265
Slovak 195 90 105 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 145 65 85
Ukrainian 505 230 275 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 10 5 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 915 415 495 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 35 20 20 1,475 715 760
Danish 25 10 10 305 145 160
Dutch 145 70 80 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 625 275 355 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 10 5 10 140 60 80
Swedish 55 35 20 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 15 10 5 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 625 300 325 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 14,665 7,155 7,510 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 9,590 4,740 4,850 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 1,945 940 1,010 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 605 310 300 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 1,285 650 635 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 5 5 0 10 5 5
Konkani 35 15 20 40 25 25
Marathi 110 50 60 270 140 130
Nepali 730 360 375 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 15 5 5 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,190 1,105 1,085 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 65 30 40 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 390 190 195 675 330 340
Urdu 2,215 1,090 1,125 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 5,055 2,400 2,655 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 370 195 175 1,080 540 535
Pashto 645 310 335 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 4,040 1,895 2,140 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 11,635 5,340 6,295 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 15 5 10 65 35 35
Italian 2,500 1,110 1,390 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 1,850 870 980 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 1,190 555 635 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 6,070 2,795 3,270 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 20 5 10
Japanese 385 140 250 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 5 5 5 30 15 10
Georgian 5 5 5 30 15 15
Korean 1,140 530 615 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 15 10 5 170 80 90
Mongolian 15 10 5 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 1,480 660 820 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 125 60 65 150 80 65
Bamanankan 10 5 10 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 20 5 15 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 15 15 20 5 10
Ga 15 5 5 5 5 0
Ganda 30 10 20 10 5 5
Igbo 55 25 25 40 20 15
Lingala 65 20 45 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 265 135 135 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 230 80 150 60 25 35
Shona 20 10 10 65 25 40
Swahili 380 175 210 200 90 115
Wolof 30 15 15 20 10 10
Yoruba 55 30 25 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 150 70 80 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 80 35 40 140 60 75
Dinka 25 15 10 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 85 30 55
Sign languages 305 165 145 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 105 50 60 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 10 5 5 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 195 115 85 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 21,045 9,955 11,090 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 20,465 9,680 10,790 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 5,840 2,685 3,155 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 50 15 30 700 295 410
Mandarin 13,455 6,435 7,020 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 15 5 5 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 280 115 165 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 250 120 130 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 575 300 275 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 580 275 305 1,745 885 865
Burmese 145 65 80 720 375 350
Karenic languages 250 120 130 725 355 370
Tibetan 70 35 35 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 115 50 65 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 260 100 160 1,380 595 785
Lao 165 70 95 460 225 235
Thai 95 30 65 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 855 415 440 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 50 25 30 195 105 95
Turkish 745 360 380 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 5 5 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 35 15 20 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 40 20 25
Uralic languages 500 240 265 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 20 10 15 95 40 55
Finnish 35 15 20 725 325 400
Hungarian 445 210 230 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 145 70 75
Multiple responses 57,160 26,990 30,170 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 12,480 5,755 6,725 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 36,690 17,710 18,980 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 3,305 1,395 1,910 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 4,685 2,130 2,560 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 923,375 449,335 474,040 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 705,915 348,065 357,855 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 80,960 38,220 42,740 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 59,935 27,450 32,490 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 67,655 31,565 36,095 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 405 150 255 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 67,250 31,410 35,840 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 2,595 1,220 1,380 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 2,415 1,125 1,290 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 3,800 1,645 2,150 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 90 50 45 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 761,420 367,460 393,960 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 728,270 351,485 376,785 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,857 48,479 36,936 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 728,540 351,520 377,015 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,136 42,234 33,174 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 663,315 324,730 338,580 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,826 48,921 35,935 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 502,905 222,930 279,975 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,215 1,434 4,358 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 546,025 274,960 271,070 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,955 46,070 36,746 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 761,420 367,450 393,975 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 728,080 351,205 376,880 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,605 62,746 47,019 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 728,355 351,210 377,145 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,428 50,106 39,141 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 663,600 324,535 339,060 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,792 63,743 46,224 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 502,790 222,910 279,885 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,757 6,055 7,317 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 546,025 274,445 271,580 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,088 60,456 45,642 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 761,420 367,450 393,975 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 279,480 150,600 128,880 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 65,546 70,955 60,631 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 75,111 82,331 66,674 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.4 93.9 88.4 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.8 75.0 70.0 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.6 6.1 11.6 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 761,420 367,460 393,960 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 33,150 15,980 17,170 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 728,270 351,485 376,785 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 95.6 95.7 95.6 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 99,195 45,455 53,740 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 107,875 44,780 63,090 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 78,010 32,865 45,140 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 66,630 28,950 37,675 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 63,305 27,810 35,495 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 58,005 26,620 31,385 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 51,605 25,385 26,225 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 42,025 21,880 20,145 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 36,815 19,760 17,050 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 32,270 17,200 15,075 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 92,535 60,775 31,760 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 65,295 41,095 24,205 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 27,240 19,685 7,560 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 761,420 367,460 393,955 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 32,880 15,940 16,940 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 728,535 351,520 377,015 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 95.7 95.7 95.7 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 103,495 46,300 57,195 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 112,260 46,980 65,280 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 89,985 38,505 51,480 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 81,965 35,855 46,105 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 78,235 35,230 43,000 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 68,435 33,495 34,940 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 54,560 29,055 25,505 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 45,775 24,715 21,060 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 93,825 61,380 32,440 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 32,630 19,255 13,375 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 19,260 12,495 6,760 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 41,935 29,630 12,310 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 761,420 367,465 393,960 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 215,395 92,505 122,890 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 546,025 274,960 271,065 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 71.7 74.8 68.8 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 67,195 32,655 34,540 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 40,580 18,300 22,280 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 65,320 29,700 35,620 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 50,625 23,530 27,095 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 44,810 21,210 23,595 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 43,030 19,575 23,460 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 40,775 18,705 22,070 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 36,550 17,765 18,790 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 29,655 15,370 14,285 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 127,485 78,160 49,330 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 29,530 15,440 14,090 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 26,485 14,205 12,280 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 71,475 48,515 22,960 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 373,760 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,981 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 73,745 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 105,750 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,369 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,026 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 268,010 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 107,064 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,248 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 373,755 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 106,372 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 86,579 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 105,745 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 56,590 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,078 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 268,010 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 126,013 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,559 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 373,755 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,250 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,900 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,095 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,445 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 10,405 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,920 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,170 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,660 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,120 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,150 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 24,805 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 24,765 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 23,225 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 22,580 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 21,430 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 156,845 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,800 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 32,760 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 42,310 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 37,975 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 373,755 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,610 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,970 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 9,220 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 11,915 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,650 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,395 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,340 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,530 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 15,340 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 15,625 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 31,215 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 29,345 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 28,265 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 25,850 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 22,545 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 120,940 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,895 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 30,505 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 46,545 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 253,415 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 109,083 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,624 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 92,815 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 102,233 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,602 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 114,325 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 137,926 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,637 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 38,755 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,761 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,633 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 253,440 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 128,219 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 104,030 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 92,930 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 121,150 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 97,430 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 114,320 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 154,772 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,814 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 38,635 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 72,479 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,341 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 148,795 70,365 78,425 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 38,585 37,101 39,770 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,525 33,178 35,479 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 148,300 69,825 78,475 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 48,967 48,862 49,060 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,421 40,027 40,772 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 916,860 446,515 470,340 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 351,750 167,740 184,005 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 87,465 42,945 44,520 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 68,570 31,900 36,670 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 61,285 28,950 32,335 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 63,425 30,120 33,310 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 71,000 33,825 37,170 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 565,110 278,780 286,330 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 80,420 38,470 41,950 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 92,480 44,845 47,635 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 110,280 54,300 55,985 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 136,925 67,895 69,035 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 145,005 73,275 71,730 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 916,855 446,520 470,340 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 187,695 95,500 92,200 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 59,200 30,145 29,055 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 596,800 290,300 306,500 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 132,355 60,715 71,640 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 115,180 54,575 60,605 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 30,100 15,575 14,530 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 10,150 5,285 4,865 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 72,620 34,105 38,515 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 12,455 4,895 7,565 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.6 12.2 12.9 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 16.0 16.3 15.8 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 17.1 17.5 16.7 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 12.2 11.7 12.6 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 9.4 8.1 10.6 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 98,915 48,130 50,785 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 22,685 11,680 11,005 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 7,780 4,065 3,710 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 68,040 33,345 34,695 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 8,190 3,105 5,085 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.8 10.8 10.8 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 12.1 12.2 11.9 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 13.1 13.5 12.8 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 11.4 11.5 11.3 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 6.2 5.1 7.1 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 916,860 446,515 470,340 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 903,135 441,100 462,040 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 890,735 436,340 454,390 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 358,165 163,500 194,670 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 276,220 129,510 146,705 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 1,135 430 710 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 490 195 290 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 10 0 10 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 210 80 125 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 20 10 10 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 30 15 15 10 0 10
Plains Cree 10 10 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 55 15 35 55 25 30
Woods Cree 15 10 10 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 85 35 50 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 15 15 30 20 10
Malecite 10 10 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 20 10 15 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 260 100 160 310 100 205
Algonquin 45 25 25 20 0 15
Ojibway 195 70 125 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 0 15 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 15 0 10 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 585 220 365 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 20 10 10
Inuktitut 530 200 325 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 45 20 30 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 55 15 40 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 55 15 35 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 10 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 10 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 275,145 129,115 146,035 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 61,550 30,865 30,680 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 540 285 260 145 95 45
Kabyle 420 220 195 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 120 65 60 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 9,300 4,165 5,140 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 90 55 35 20 10 15
Oromo 380 170 210 245 140 110
Somali 8,770 3,900 4,870 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 135 50 85 10 0 10
Semitic languages 52,710 26,895 25,815 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 1,980 945 1,040 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 48,135 24,675 23,460 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 80 30 50 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 40 25 15 55 35 20
Hebrew 1,865 1,010 855 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 65 25 40 315 155 155
Tigrigna 1,175 490 680 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 240 150 90 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 135 65 75 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 8,690 4,100 4,590 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,525 680 845 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 7,215 3,440 3,770 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 10,155 3,770 6,390 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 25 10 20 530 215 310
Cebuano 565 210 355 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 10 0 10 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 165 55 110 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 705 300 405 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 105 55 45 25 15 10
Malay 615 270 345 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 65 20 40 855 365 495
Pangasinan 55 20 35 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 9,095 3,300 5,795 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 35 0 30 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 110 50 60 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 9,360 3,920 5,440 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 450 165 280 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 8,325 3,490 4,835 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 630 275 350 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 5,060 2,555 2,505 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 465 235 235 510 250 265
Malayalam 835 375 460 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 3,330 1,700 1,630 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 795 420 375 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 10 10 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 130,605 61,380 69,225 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 785 385 410 1,640 840 795
Armenian 665 350 315 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 24,530 11,210 13,325 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 530 225 305 1,030 515 520
Latvian 260 105 155 555 290 265
Lithuanian 270 120 150 475 220 250
Slavic languages 24,095 11,010 13,080 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 125 60 60 245 115 125
Bosnian 1,025 470 555 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 1,050 490 560 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 1,830 905 930 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 1,315 570 750 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 95 35 65 400 220 185
Polish 6,530 2,970 3,560 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 9,135 4,205 4,925 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 2,080 1,015 1,065 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 560 290 270 1,525 770 750
Slovak 910 380 530 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 265 120 140 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 2,290 960 1,330 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 10 40 420 215 205
Celtic languages 395 190 205 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 150 80 75 660 395 265
Welsh 85 30 55 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 155 85 70 860 450 410
Germanic languages 16,750 7,935 8,810 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 405 200 205 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 425 195 235 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 2,855 1,330 1,520 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 55 15 35 465 230 240
German 12,205 5,800 6,400 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 45 20 20 405 210 195
Norwegian 345 145 200 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 605 295 310 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 80 40 40 545 270 275
Yiddish 355 185 175 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 155 95 60
Greek 3,090 1,545 1,545 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 35,320 17,915 17,410 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 25,805 13,125 12,675 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 4,250 2,180 2,070 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 2,275 1,220 1,050 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 10,335 5,355 4,980 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 10 10 10 60 30 25
Konkani 140 75 65 415 215 200
Marathi 565 310 255 1,475 780 695
Nepali 1,275 640 635 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 75 45 30 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,235 3,220 3,015 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 495 220 280 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,065 485 580 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 7,175 3,600 3,570 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 10,040 5,075 4,965 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 755 395 355 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 1,400 755 645 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 8,665 4,340 4,325 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 200 120 80 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 54,440 24,435 30,005 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 80 30 45 395 210 180
Italian 15,500 7,400 8,105 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 6,120 2,990 3,125 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 2,880 1,345 1,535 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 33,075 14,180 18,890 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 105 65 40 380 245 140
Japanese 2,510 1,185 1,325 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 40 15 20 115 55 60
Georgian 40 15 25 115 55 55
Korean 2,580 1,090 1,490 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 40 20 20 370 170 200
Mongolian 40 25 20 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 10,520 4,640 5,880 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 630 330 300 630 350 280
Bamanankan 155 70 85 30 20 15
Edo 95 40 60 145 80 60
Ewe 205 80 125 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 165 70 95 105 30 70
Ga 165 85 80 150 95 50
Ganda 215 65 145 165 80 85
Igbo 300 165 135 425 240 185
Lingala 1,720 720 1,000 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,530 615 915 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 970 360 615 290 125 165
Shona 175 60 115 415 220 195
Swahili 3,040 1,325 1,715 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 200 110 95 50 25 30
Yoruba 755 400 355 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,265 1,035 1,230 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 325 140 185 405 210 200
Dinka 190 85 105 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 135 55 80 325 155 165
Sign languages 1,630 655 975 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 875 305 570 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 75 15 55 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 715 350 365 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 36,395 17,190 19,210 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 35,510 16,765 18,745 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 12,700 6,015 6,685 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 265 125 140 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 24,495 11,310 13,185 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 40 20 25 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,035 465 565 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 415 205 215 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,010 535 475 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 925 440 480 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 305 145 160 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 365 185 180 955 485 465
Tibetan 50 30 25 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 365 150 205 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 1,005 410 600 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 460 200 255 1,630 735 890
Thai 610 230 385 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 2,405 1,195 1,210 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 140 80 60 945 510 435
Turkish 2,070 1,035 1,040 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 45 25 15 115 60 55
Uzbek 80 20 60 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 125 65 60 275 140 130
Uralic languages 2,585 1,255 1,330 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 245 115 130 780 350 425
Finnish 480 220 260 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 1,875 925 950 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 380 250 130 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 916,860 446,515 470,340 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 854,535 416,865 437,670 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 177,960 90,535 87,430 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 676,580 326,330 350,245 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 62,320 29,650 32,670 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 916,855 446,515 470,340 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 685,260 337,490 347,770 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 216,505 101,235 115,265 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 53,740 25,720 28,015 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 29,670 14,195 15,475 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 49,685 22,510 27,170 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 53,335 24,515 28,820 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 25,185 11,520 13,660 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 28,155 12,990 15,160 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 30,075 14,300 15,775 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 15,090 7,795 7,305 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 216,505 101,235 115,265 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 23,760 11,745 12,015 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 38,625 19,575 19,050 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 45,510 20,400 25,110 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 90,080 41,305 48,780 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 18,530 8,210 10,315 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 216,505 101,235 115,270 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 32,755 14,265 18,490 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 990 445 545 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 1,270 485 780 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 1,710 790 920 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 1,375 635 735 1,305 600 710
Haiti 6,320 2,615 3,710 570 250 315
Jamaica 2,985 1,280 1,710 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 1,290 540 755 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 820 365 455 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 1,260 495 765 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 8,245 3,695 4,545 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 6,490 2,920 3,575 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 55,430 26,405 29,030 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,610 780 830 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 800 385 420 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 2,270 1,010 1,265 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 3,885 1,645 2,245 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 910 475 430 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 825 425 405 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 810 360 445 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 5,410 2,800 2,610 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 1,890 925 960 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 4,170 1,855 2,305 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 1,965 995 970 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 2,400 1,135 1,265 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 2,860 1,230 1,635 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 870 410 465 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 1,770 840 930 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 15,765 7,910 7,860 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 7,210 3,215 3,995 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 30,340 13,940 16,400 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 1,025 485 545 485 310 175
Egypt 3,420 1,785 1,630 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 2,215 1,020 1,195 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 1,065 540 525 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 1,230 570 660 985 535 455
Nigeria 1,260 575 685 1,740 925 815
Somalia 3,895 1,495 2,405 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 850 435 415 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 15,375 7,035 8,345 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 97,170 46,205 50,965 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 2,400 1,215 1,180 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 2,655 1,380 1,275 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 17,405 7,575 9,830 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 3,015 1,510 1,505 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 10,495 5,275 5,220 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 4,395 2,190 2,210 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 3,540 1,885 1,650 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 730 175 550 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,690 750 945 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 10,995 5,745 5,250 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 3,830 1,915 1,915 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 8,865 3,345 5,520 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 2,330 1,105 1,230 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 3,125 1,595 1,530 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 835 365 470 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 5,600 2,570 3,035 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 15,275 7,625 7,650 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 805 425 385 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 30,075 14,295 15,780 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 4,060 1,830 2,225 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 135 75 65 1,145 525 615
Colombia 190 80 110 580 250 325
Cuba 130 65 60 140 60 80
Haiti 1,290 550 740 35 35 10
Jamaica 115 65 50 625 355 265
Mexico 245 100 145 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,135 570 570 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 120 35 85 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 695 290 400 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 2,565 1,255 1,315 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 285 155 130 970 510 460
Germany 155 75 90 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 70 45 25 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 40 20 25 245 120 125
Romania 120