Census Profile, 2016 Census
Cambridge, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Nova Scotia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Cambridge, CY
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Nova Scotia

[Province]
Data quality , Cambridge, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Cambridge, City [Census subdivision], Ontario Data quality : Nova Scotia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 129,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 923,598  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 126,748  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 921,727  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 0.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 49,388  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 458,568  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 48,239  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,149.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 113.01  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,942.27  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 129,920 63,870 66,050 923,600 446,885 476,715
0 to 14 years 23,825 12,180 11,645 133,825 68,370 65,455
0 to 4 years 7,410 3,850 3,555 42,005 21,365 20,640
5 to 9 years 8,155 4,145 4,010 45,980 23,650 22,330
10 to 14 years 8,260 4,175 4,080 45,845 23,350 22,490
15 to 64 years 87,205 43,280 43,925 605,950 295,100 310,845
15 to 19 years 8,265 4,175 4,085 51,255 26,240 25,015
20 to 24 years 8,155 4,240 3,915 56,160 28,150 28,010
25 to 29 years 8,115 3,995 4,115 53,725 26,790 26,940
30 to 34 years 8,570 4,260 4,310 51,730 25,130 26,600
35 to 39 years 8,480 4,080 4,395 52,010 24,560 27,450
40 to 44 years 9,240 4,505 4,730 57,050 27,245 29,805
45 to 49 years 9,440 4,685 4,755 61,890 29,720 32,170
50 to 54 years 10,390 5,185 5,210 75,675 36,615 39,065
55 to 59 years 9,040 4,485 4,560 76,505 36,925 39,580
60 to 64 years 7,520 3,670 3,850 69,960 33,735 36,225
65 years and over 18,895 8,410 10,480 183,820 83,415 100,405
65 to 69 years 6,320 3,015 3,310 63,710 30,810 32,905
70 to 74 years 4,440 2,040 2,390 45,005 21,520 23,485
75 to 79 years 3,230 1,530 1,700 31,545 14,520 17,030
80 to 84 years 2,415 1,025 1,385 21,915 9,425 12,495
85 years and over 2,495 790 1,700 21,645 7,140 14,505
85 to 89 years 1,480 530 955 13,205 4,845 8,360
90 to 94 years 780 220 560 6,320 1,830 4,485
95 to 99 years 190 40 150 1,855 415 1,430
100 years and over 40 0 35 270 45 225
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.3 19.1 17.6 14.5 15.3 13.7
15 to 64 years 67.1 67.8 66.5 65.6 66.0 65.2
65 years and over 14.5 13.2 15.9 19.9 18.7 21.1
85 years and over 1.9 1.2 2.6 2.3 1.6 3.0
Average age of the population 39.5 38.5 40.4 43.5 42.5 44.4
Median age of the population 39.7 38.8 40.6 45.5 44.5 46.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 48,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 28,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 263,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 2,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 17,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 102,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 3,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 5,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 6,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 25  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,870  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 48,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 11,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 118,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 15,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 156,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 8,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 8,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 4,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 127,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 908,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 106,095 51,685 54,405 789,770 378,515 411,255
Married or living common law 62,220 31,100 31,120 454,970 227,220 227,750
Married 51,730 25,850 25,880 369,695 184,705 184,990
Living common law 10,490 5,250 5,240 85,275 42,515 42,760
Not married and not living common law 43,875 20,590 23,285 334,800 151,295 183,505
Never married 28,195 15,315 12,875 209,455 110,175 99,280
Separated 3,690 1,575 2,115 24,105 10,450 13,655
Divorced 6,280 2,490 3,790 48,835 19,715 29,115
Widowed 5,710 1,205 4,505 52,405 10,955 41,455
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 37,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 270,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 17,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 157,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 8,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 8,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 3,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 37,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 270,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 30,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 224,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 25,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 181,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 5,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 6,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 5,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 1,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 30,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 224,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 13,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 128,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 17,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 95,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 6,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 7,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 3,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 6,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 3,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 2,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 17,225 8,495 8,730 175,575 81,140 94,435
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 48,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 34,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 260,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 12,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 124,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 22,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 12,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 11,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 118,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 128,600 63,400 65,205 912,300 442,470 469,830
English only 119,375 59,500 59,870 813,480 398,950 414,530
French only 35 10 20 705 305 400
English and French 7,135 3,080 4,055 95,380 41,925 53,460
Neither English nor French 2,055 800 1,260 2,735 1,295 1,440
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 128,600 63,400 65,200 912,295 442,470 469,830
English 124,640 61,700 62,945 879,465 426,535 452,930
French 1,515 740 775 28,490 13,890 14,600
English and French 420 175 240 1,760 825 930
Neither English nor French 2,030 785 1,245 2,585 1,215 1,365
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,725 830 890 29,370 14,300 15,070
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.3 1.3 1.4 3.2 3.2 3.2
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 128,600 63,400 65,205 912,295 442,470 469,830
Single responses 126,290 62,265 64,025 904,240 438,550 465,690
Official languages 103,260 51,200 52,065 859,690 416,245 443,445
English 101,675 50,425 51,255 830,220 401,980 428,240
French 1,580 775 810 29,465 14,265 15,205
Non-official languages 23,025 11,065 11,965 44,550 22,305 22,245
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 4,290 2,020 2,270
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 4,210 1,985 2,225
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 4,190 1,975 2,215
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 5
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 4,185 1,970 2,215
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 5 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 5 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 5 0 10 0 10
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 55 30 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 23,025 11,060 11,955 40,260 20,285 19,975
Afro-Asiatic languages 965 485 475 7,760 4,275 3,480
Berber languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 5 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cushitic languages 60 30 30 130 65 65
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 60 30 25
Somali 60 30 30 50 20 30
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Semitic languages 905 455 450 7,615 4,205 3,415
Amharic 45 20 30 115 50 65
Arabic 770 395 375 7,110 3,950 3,165
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 40 20 15 5 5 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 0 0 5
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 10 10 5 210 115 95
Maltese 30 10 15 15 10 5
Tigrigna 15 0 5 140 65 80
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 800 385 420 505 245 260
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 5 5 5 5
Vietnamese 790 380 410 490 240 250
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 720 280 435 2,235 940 1,300
Bikol 5 0 0 5 5 5
Cebuano 45 10 35 150 60 90
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 15 5 10 25 10 15
Ilocano 45 20 25 55 15 40
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 5 0
Malay 35 15 20 55 25 35
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 15 5 5
Pangasinan 5 0 5 5 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 565 225 340 1,905 810 1,090
Waray-Waray 5 0 0 5 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 20 10 15
Creole languages 30 15 20 95 60 35
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 0
Creole, n.o.s. 20 10 15 35 20 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 55 35 20
Dravidian languages 355 190 165 1,010 595 420
Kannada 10 5 5 40 20 15
Malayalam 160 85 75 365 205 165
Tamil 135 70 70 315 185 130
Telugu 45 30 15 285 180 110
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 10 5 5 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 18,035 8,710 9,325 18,590 9,320 9,270
Albanian 55 25 25 275 130 140
Armenian 290 150 140 35 30 10
Balto-Slavic languages 2,260 1,050 1,205 3,470 1,645 1,830
Baltic languages 40 15 20 100 35 60
Latvian 15 10 10 50 20 30
Lithuanian 20 10 10 45 15 30
Slavic languages 2,220 1,030 1,190 3,375 1,610 1,765
Belarusan 0 0 5 5 5 5
Bosnian 35 15 15 120 60 65
Bulgarian 25 10 15 55 25 30
Croatian 280 135 140 225 105 115
Czech 150 70 80 205 105 100
Macedonian 100 45 55 20 10 15
Polish 965 455 505 795 365 435
Russian 190 75 120 1,285 615 670
Serbian 160 85 80 115 60 65
Serbo-Croatian 20 5 15 80 40 40
Slovak 90 40 50 100 45 55
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 15 10 35 15 15
Ukrainian 165 75 90 320 155 170
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 5 5 5
Celtic languages 5 5 0 185 80 100
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 145 65 85
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Germanic languages 1,490 695 800 5,700 2,800 2,900
Afrikaans 40 15 20 120 55 60
Danish 25 10 15 160 105 60
Dutch 455 205 250 1,620 815 805
Frisian 15 10 5 35 20 15
German 915 435 480 3,435 1,645 1,790
Icelandic 5 0 0 45 20 20
Norwegian 5 5 5 110 60 50
Swedish 15 10 10 110 45 65
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 25 10 10
Yiddish 0 5 0 20 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Greek 205 105 100 760 390 365
Indo-Iranian languages 5,420 2,735 2,680 4,835 2,650 2,190
Indo-Aryan languages 4,440 2,225 2,210 3,385 1,895 1,490
Bengali 65 35 35 475 290 185
Gujarati 1,295 660 635 195 125 70
Hindi 265 135 130 745 445 300
Kashmiri 5 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 10 5 5 5 5 5
Marathi 20 15 10 70 35 35
Nepali 25 10 15 530 255 275
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,570 755 815 585 310 270
Sindhi 15 5 10 20 10 5
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 25 10 15 165 85 85
Urdu 1,150 595 550 575 330 245
Iranian languages 970 505 465 1,425 740 690
Kurdish 20 15 10 115 65 50
Pashto 710 380 330 80 45 35
Persian (Farsi) 235 115 125 1,230 630 605
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 25 10 15
Italic (Romance) languages 8,325 3,945 4,375 3,335 1,605 1,730
Catalan 5 0 5 10 5 5
Italian 770 400 365 745 400 340
Portuguese 5,740 2,680 3,060 520 245 270
Romanian 380 170 215 225 110 120
Spanish 1,425 690 740 1,830 840 985
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Japanese 95 40 55 360 100 260
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 5 0 0
Korean 165 80 85 1,095 475 620
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Niger-Congo languages 70 40 30 630 325 305
Akan (Twi) 5 5 0 40 25 25
Bamanankan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Edo 5 5 0 5 0 5
Ewe 5 5 0 40 25 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ga 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ganda 0 0 0 20 5 15
Igbo 5 0 5 45 20 20
Lingala 0 0 5 5 0 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 0 50 15 30
Shona 15 5 5 30 15 15
Swahili 10 5 0 135 65 70
Wolof 0 0 0 10 10 0
Yoruba 15 5 5 65 35 30
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 140 75 70
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 10 30 75 40 40
Dinka 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 40 10 30 55 25 25
Sign languages 35 25 15 190 90 100
American Sign Language 30 15 10 85 40 50
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 105 50 55
Sino-Tibetan languages 915 430 490 6,665 3,335 3,330
Chinese languages 910 425 480 6,635 3,320 3,315
Cantonese 335 165 170 1,145 535 610
Hakka 5 0 5 20 5 15
Mandarin 445 205 235 4,640 2,325 2,315
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 55 25 30 120 50 70
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 5 5 50 30 20
Chinese, n.o.s. 50 20 30 645 365 280
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 5 30 15 20
Burmese 5 5 5 15 5 10
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 5 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages 260 125 135 155 55 100
Lao 235 120 115 10 0 5
Thai 25 5 20 150 50 100
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 60 35 30 445 240 205
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 10 10 5
Turkish 50 25 25 305 165 140
Uyghur 5 5 5 5 5 5
Uzbek 0 0 0 110 60 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Uralic languages 460 220 245 415 180 235
Estonian 30 10 20 40 20 25
Finnish 50 15 35 95 30 60
Hungarian 380 190 190 275 130 150
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 25 10 15
Multiple responses 2,315 1,135 1,180 8,060 3,920 4,140
English and French 310 140 170 3,445 1,600 1,850
English and non-official language 1,910 950 960 4,180 2,110 2,070
French and non-official language 40 25 20 225 115 105
English, French and non-official language 45 20 25 210 90 120
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 128,600 63,400 65,205 912,300 442,470 469,830
Single responses 123,705 61,005 62,700 900,755 436,755 464,000
Official languages 113,145 55,990 57,155 878,015 425,220 452,795
English 112,760 55,820 56,940 863,550 418,315 445,240
French 385 170 215 14,460 6,910 7,560
Non-official languages 10,565 5,015 5,545 22,740 11,540 11,205
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 2,570 1,285 1,295
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 2,565 1,280 1,285
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 2,560 1,280 1,280
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 2,560 1,275 1,280
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 10,565 5,020 5,545 20,170 10,255 9,915
Afro-Asiatic languages 480 240 245 4,630 2,450 2,180
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 35 15 20 85 40 45
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 5
Oromo 0 0 0 45 20 25
Somali 35 15 15 25 10 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 5
Semitic languages 445 225 225 4,540 2,405 2,130
Amharic 15 5 10 55 25 30
Arabic 400 200 200 4,260 2,270 1,990
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 25 15 10 0 5 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 125 70 55
Maltese 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 5 0 5 95 40 55
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 565 265 305 330 160 165
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 5 0 0 0
Vietnamese 555 255 300 330 165 170
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 245 105 140 1,140 550 585
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 5 5 5 55 20 35
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 10 0 5 5 5 5
Ilocano 15 10 5 15 5 5
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 20 10 10 0 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 200 85 115 1,065 520 545
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole languages 25 5 15 35 20 20
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 10 10 10 15 5 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 25 10 15
Dravidian languages 185 95 95 425 240 185
Kannada 5 0 5 15 5 10
Malayalam 100 50 50 140 75 60
Tamil 75 35 40 140 80 60
Telugu 10 10 5 125 80 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 7,980 3,780 4,200 7,410 3,715 3,690
Albanian 25 10 10 110 60 55
Armenian 195 95 95 15 10 10
Balto-Slavic languages 915 435 480 1,405 680 720
Baltic languages 5 5 0 30 10 15
Latvian 0 0 0 10 5 10
Lithuanian 0 5 0 15 5 10
Slavic languages 910 435 475 1,375 675 700
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 20 15 5 65 30 30
Bulgarian 5 5 0 25 15 10
Croatian 90 40 45 65 25 40
Czech 55 25 30 45 25 20
Macedonian 65 25 30 0 0 0
Polish 380 180 200 235 105 125
Russian 90 45 45 785 385 390
Serbian 70 35 40 60 25 35
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5 30 15 10
Slovak 30 15 20 20 10 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ukrainian 100 45 55 55 30 20
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 5 0
Celtic languages 0 0 0 60 35 30
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 60 35 30
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 110 50 60 1,490 725 760
Afrikaans 20 10 10 30 15 15
Danish 0 0 0 15 0 15
Dutch 35 15 20 135 70 70
Frisian 5 0 0 5 0 0
German 55 20 35 1,225 600 625
Icelandic 0 0 0 30 10 15
Norwegian 0 0 0 20 5 10
Swedish 0 5 0 15 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Greek 70 30 35 270 135 130
Indo-Iranian languages 3,255 1,590 1,665 2,815 1,475 1,335
Indo-Aryan languages 2,685 1,310 1,375 1,850 995 860
Bengali 25 10 15 250 135 115
Gujarati 830 415 415 100 60 35
Hindi 105 55 55 310 190 120
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 5 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Marathi 15 5 10 30 15 15
Nepali 15 10 10 475 235 240
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,015 485 530 250 125 125
Sindhi 5 5 0 5 5 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 5 95 45 50
Urdu 670 330 335 340 175 165
Iranian languages 565 280 285 960 475 480
Kurdish 15 10 5 85 50 40
Pashto 430 215 210 45 20 20
Persian (Farsi) 130 55 70 825 405 420
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Italic (Romance) languages 3,420 1,565 1,850 1,240 595 645
Catalan 5 5 5 5 0 0
Italian 185 85 105 165 70 85
Portuguese 2,435 1,110 1,325 195 90 105
Romanian 155 70 85 70 35 35
Spanish 635 305 330 810 390 420
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Japanese 75 35 35 110 35 70
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 120 55 65 710 330 385
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 15 5 10 165 80 85
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 5 0 0 15 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 0 5
Igbo 5 0 5 15 5 5
Lingala 0 0 0 0 5 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Shona 5 0 0 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0 60 30 35
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 5 5 20 10 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 0 10 35 20 20
Dinka 0 0 0 10 5 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 25 10 15
Sign languages 55 35 25 285 145 140
American Sign Language 30 15 15 110 55 60
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 15 10 175 90 80
Sino-Tibetan languages 550 270 280 4,550 2,345 2,200
Chinese languages 545 265 285 4,545 2,345 2,200
Cantonese 200 90 105 640 335 310
Hakka 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mandarin 305 150 155 3,410 1,740 1,675
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 5 10 45 25 25
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 5 5 25 10 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 10 5 415 235 180
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Burmese 5 5 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages 130 65 65 55 20 35
Lao 130 60 65 0 0 0
Thai 5 0 0 55 15 35
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 20 10 10 215 110 105
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 5 5 0
Turkish 20 10 10 140 70 75
Uyghur 5 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 70 40 30
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Uralic languages 110 55 60 75 35 40
Estonian 10 0 5 5 5 5
Finnish 5 5 5 15 10 5
Hungarian 95 50 50 55 25 30
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Multiple responses 4,895 2,390 2,505 11,540 5,715 5,825
English and French 215 90 125 2,180 995 1,185
English and non-official language 4,585 2,260 2,330 8,970 4,515 4,450
French and non-official language 10 5 10 75 40 30
English, French and non-official language 80 35 45 315 155 160
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 128,600 63,395 65,205 912,295 442,470 469,825
None 115,095 56,955 58,140 861,780 418,525 443,260
English 4,455 2,215 2,245 17,005 8,480 8,525
French 1,315 565 750 16,390 7,210 9,175
Non-official language 7,535 3,575 3,955 16,275 7,850 8,420
Aboriginal 10 5 5 2,135 930 1,205
Non-Aboriginal 7,530 3,580 3,955 14,135 6,920 7,220
English and French 25 10 20 150 70 80
English and non-official language 85 40 45 220 105 115
French and non-official language 80 30 55 470 230 245
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 5 5 0
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 104,030 50,965 53,065 774,750 372,455 402,290
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 99,760 49,005 50,755 744,260 358,055 386,205
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,244 44,194 28,673 31,813 38,379 26,750
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 99,775 49,010 50,770 744,545 358,085 386,455
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,916 38,893 26,524 28,627 33,642 24,590
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 89,690 45,325 44,365 648,960 320,380 328,580
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,445 44,371 26,639 29,938 36,363 24,497
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 69,505 30,410 39,095 554,985 243,860 311,130
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,714 2,433 5,765 7,438 8,175 6,961
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 76,700 39,935 36,760 523,020 264,375 258,645
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,410 46,713 30,186 29,979 35,676 25,405
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 104,030 50,965 53,065 774,750 372,455 402,295
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 99,730 49,025 50,710 744,275 357,820 386,455
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,725 53,969 35,789 41,479 49,413 34,132
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 99,745 49,020 50,720 744,560 357,855 386,710
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,441 44,048 31,054 34,175 39,776 28,993
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 89,675 45,345 44,325 648,910 320,370 328,540
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,919 53,698 33,914 40,299 48,457 32,345
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 69,365 30,420 38,945 555,740 243,445 312,295
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,529 6,924 8,002 8,495 8,859 8,211
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 76,700 39,915 36,785 523,020 264,475 258,545
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,546 54,575 35,749 39,522 46,606 32,275
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 104,030 50,970 53,065 774,750 372,455 402,295
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 40,925 23,380 17,545 245,425 131,095 114,325
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,316 59,883 44,823 47,665 53,785 42,236
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 61,793 69,538 51,472 56,820 63,886 48,717
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.2 91.9 83.0 84.6 87.7 80.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 77.7 82.1 71.4 66.9 69.7 63.3
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.8 8.1 17.0 15.4 12.3 19.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 104,030 50,965 53,070 774,750 372,455 402,295
Without total income 4,270 1,955 2,310 30,485 14,395 16,090
With total income 99,765 49,005 50,750 744,265 358,060 386,205
Percentage with total income 95.9 96.2 95.6 96.1 96.1 96.0
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,780 5,230 7,550 104,125 43,575 60,545
$10,000 to $19,999 16,405 6,155 10,240 134,355 50,310 84,050
$20,000 to $29,999 14,310 5,800 8,515 114,855 47,195 67,660
$30,000 to $39,999 11,980 5,150 6,835 98,325 45,040 53,280
$40,000 to $49,999 10,800 5,195 5,605 79,435 39,605 39,830
$50,000 to $59,999 9,000 5,040 3,960 57,255 32,255 25,000
$60,000 to $69,999 6,505 4,015 2,500 41,715 25,830 15,885
$70,000 to $79,999 4,635 3,000 1,640 33,195 19,945 13,250
$80,000 to $89,999 3,575 2,395 1,185 25,500 14,900 10,605
$90,000 to $99,999 3,025 1,895 1,135 15,530 10,095 5,435
$100,000 and over 6,735 5,140 1,595 39,965 29,300 10,665
$100,000 to $149,999 4,900 3,695 1,205 28,130 20,205 7,925
$150,000 and over 1,835 1,445 390 11,835 9,095 2,745
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 104,035 50,965 53,065 774,750 372,455 402,295
Without after-tax income 4,260 1,955 2,300 30,205 14,370 15,840
With after-tax income 99,775 49,005 50,765 744,540 358,085 386,455
Percentage with after-tax income 95.9 96.2 95.7 96.1 96.1 96.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 13,060 5,285 7,775 108,630 44,435 64,195
$10,000 to $19,999 17,270 6,520 10,750 142,975 54,160 88,815
$20,000 to $29,999 16,720 6,865 9,860 138,435 58,900 79,535
$30,000 to $39,999 14,630 6,655 7,970 119,130 56,990 62,145
$40,000 to $49,999 12,735 6,890 5,845 84,245 46,675 37,565
$50,000 to $59,999 8,785 5,370 3,420 56,235 34,590 21,645
$60,000 to $69,999 5,675 3,730 1,950 39,320 23,195 16,125
$70,000 to $79,999 4,310 2,770 1,545 21,210 13,950 7,260
$80,000 and over 6,585 4,935 1,650 34,360 25,185 9,170
$80,000 to $89,999 2,430 1,730 700 11,615 8,185 3,430
$90,000 to $99,999 1,385 1,035 350 6,825 4,950 1,875
$100,000 and over 2,775 2,170 600 15,915 12,050 3,860
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 104,030 50,965 53,070 774,745 372,455 402,295
Without employment income 27,335 11,030 16,300 251,730 108,080 143,650
With employment income 76,700 39,935 36,765 523,020 264,370 258,640
Percentage with employment income 73.7 78.4 69.3 67.5 71.0 64.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,660 4,030 4,630 72,940 34,125 38,820
$5,000 to $9,999 5,620 2,280 3,335 45,820 19,475 26,350
$10,000 to $19,999 9,395 3,900 5,495 76,685 33,555 43,130
$20,000 to $29,999 8,195 3,395 4,795 66,155 29,385 36,770
$30,000 to $39,999 8,675 3,630 5,040 60,485 27,455 33,035
$40,000 to $49,999 8,230 4,115 4,120 49,395 24,470 24,925
$50,000 to $59,999 7,265 4,275 2,990 37,685 21,735 15,955
$60,000 to $69,999 5,310 3,400 1,915 28,695 17,955 10,740
$70,000 to $79,999 3,905 2,575 1,330 24,970 14,750 10,220
$80,000 and over 11,450 8,340 3,110 60,175 41,470 18,705
$80,000 to $89,999 3,140 2,150 985 20,175 11,645 8,535
$90,000 to $99,999 2,625 1,675 955 11,685 7,975 3,715
$100,000 and over 5,685 4,515 1,175 28,310 21,850 6,460
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 48,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 77,757  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 68,074  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,129  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 11,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 118,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,717  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30,377  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,004  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,511  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 37,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 283,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 92,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,136  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 80,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,538  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 48,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 92,469  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,797  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 77,417  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 63,299  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 11,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 118,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,941  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 39,601  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,891  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,962  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 37,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 283,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 106,563  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,383  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 89,138  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,011  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 48,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 17,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 2,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 48,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 12,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 64,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 3,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 36,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 269,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,156  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,529  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,982  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 11,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,502  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,461  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,883  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 17,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,183  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,981  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,399  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,099  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 6,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,597  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,283  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 36,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 269,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 106,268  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,027  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,812  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,371  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 11,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 94,994  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,511  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,681  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,143  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 17,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 128,829  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 119,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,948  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,021  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 6,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 64,203  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,587  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 14,515 7,415 7,095 157,715 73,825 83,890
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,410 40,192 29,382 28,180 30,235 26,673
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,038 35,211 27,220 25,848 27,176 24,859
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 14,375 7,345 7,035 157,410 73,440 83,970
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 42,062 46,308 37,629 36,847 38,945 35,012
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,615 38,233 32,882 30,893 31,946 29,973
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 127,840 63,140 64,700 908,340 440,700 467,640
In the bottom half of the distribution 59,585 28,305 31,275 519,830 244,725 275,105
In the bottom decile 9,070 4,215 4,855 105,810 49,730 56,080
In the second decile 11,080 4,910 6,175 112,825 49,900 62,920
In the third decile 12,335 5,795 6,535 102,515 48,345 54,175
In the fourth decile 13,235 6,390 6,850 100,645 48,515 52,130
In the fifth decile 13,860 7,000 6,855 98,030 48,235 49,800
In the top half of the distribution 68,250 34,830 33,420 388,510 195,975 192,540
In the sixth decile 14,785 7,440 7,345 94,350 47,240 47,110
In the seventh decile 14,680 7,520 7,160 89,765 45,260 44,505
In the eighth decile 14,940 7,480 7,460 83,140 41,815 41,330
In the ninth decile 13,950 7,230 6,720 69,850 35,450 34,400
In the top decile 9,905 5,170 4,735 51,410 26,210 25,195
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 127,840 63,140 64,700 898,345 435,895 462,450
0 to 17 years 28,755 14,615 14,135 159,820 81,670 78,150
0 to 5 years 8,960 4,645 4,315 49,595 25,280 24,310
18 to 64 years 81,855 40,590 41,265 565,395 274,120 291,275
65 years and over 17,230 7,925 9,300 173,125 80,100 93,025
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 13,850 6,155 7,695 154,955 70,415 84,540
0 to 17 years 4,180 2,130 2,050 35,525 18,145 17,380
0 to 5 years 1,455 770 685 12,740 6,470 6,275
18 to 64 years 7,765 3,355 4,415 88,355 40,375 47,985
65 years and over 1,905 675 1,225 31,075 11,890 19,185
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 10.8 9.7 11.9 17.2 16.2 18.3
0 to 17 years (%) 14.5 14.6 14.5 22.2 22.2 22.2
0 to 5 years (%) 16.2 16.6 15.9 25.7 25.6 25.8
18 to 64 years (%) 9.5 8.3 10.7 15.6 14.7 16.5
65 years and over (%) 11.1 8.5 13.2 17.9 14.8 20.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 7,260 3,450 3,815 70,745 34,290 36,460
0 to 17 years 2,005 1,020 990 15,285 7,805 7,485
0 to 5 years 670 350 315 5,645 2,870 2,775
18 to 64 years 4,925 2,275 2,650 52,220 25,185 27,030
65 years and over 330 150 180 3,240 1,295 1,945
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.7 5.5 5.9 7.9 7.9 7.9
0 to 17 years (%) 7.0 7.0 7.0 9.6 9.6 9.6
0 to 5 years (%) 7.5 7.5 7.3 11.4 11.4 11.4
18 to 64 years (%) 6.0 5.6 6.4 9.2 9.2 9.3
65 years and over (%) 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.6 2.1
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 127,835 63,140 64,700 908,340 440,730 467,605
Official languages 125,740 62,335 63,400 905,700 439,525 466,180
English 125,715 62,325 63,390 905,020 439,215 465,805
French 7,075 3,060 4,015 95,740 42,150 53,585
Non-official languages 27,985 13,495 14,485 64,100 31,380 32,725
Aboriginal languages 10 0 10 5,645 2,685 2,960
Algonquian languages 10 0 0 5,575 2,635 2,935
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 20 15 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5,550 2,625 2,920
Malecite 0 0 0 10 0 10
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5,540 2,625 2,920
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 10 10 0 10
Algonquin 10 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 0 10
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 15 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 10 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 35 25 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 30 15 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 27,980 13,495 14,480 58,490 28,715 29,770
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,410 710 700 10,730 5,745 4,985
Berber languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kabyle 0 0 0 25 15 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 30 10 15 155 65 95
Bilen 0 0 0 20 15 10
Oromo 10 10 0 40 15 20
Somali 20 10 10 75 25 55
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Semitic languages 1,385 695 690 10,635 5,715 4,925
Amharic 50 20 25 260 135 120
Arabic 1,220 605 620 9,685 5,185 4,500
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 50 30 15 10 10 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 45 25 20 630 370 260
Maltese 50 30 20 25 0 25
Tigrigna 10 10 0 140 65 70
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 40 20 20
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 15 10 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,055 535 525 575 260 310
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 0 10 15 0 10
Vietnamese 1,050 525 520 555 255 300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 810 280 535 3,035 1,275 1,760
Bikol 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cebuano 20 0 15 185 80 100
Fijian 0 0 0 10 0 0
Hiligaynon 25 10 20 45 20 30
Ilocano 20 10 15 70 20 55
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 35 10 25 80 25 60
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Pangasinan 15 0 10 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 760 260 495 2,835 1,195 1,635
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Creole languages 85 25 50 360 185 175
Haitian Creole 0 10 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 45 15 35 120 60 65
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 210 115 100
Dravidian languages 570 310 255 1,365 785 580
Kannada 35 15 15 75 45 35
Malayalam 170 90 80 560 310 250
Tamil 270 145 130 450 260 190
Telugu 125 80 40 350 215 135
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 15 15 10 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 22,005 10,665 11,340 30,820 15,070 15,755
Albanian 20 15 0 405 185 215
Armenian 375 195 180 80 45 30
Balto-Slavic languages 2,560 1,205 1,355 4,095 1,935 2,160
Baltic languages 35 20 15 110 35 80
Latvian 20 10 0 50 15 35
Lithuanian 20 10 0 55 15 40
Slavic languages 2,540 1,190 1,345 4,010 1,910 2,105
Belarusan 0 10 10 10 0 10
Bosnian 40 20 15 145 60 80
Bulgarian 20 15 10 75 35 35
Croatian 320 140 180 275 105 165
Czech 230 110 120 210 95 110
Macedonian 160 65 95 90 55 30
Polish 1,115 570 545 900 410 490
Russian 285 125 165 1,945 970 970
Serbian 205 110 100 180 85 95
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 115 70 50
Slovak 100 60 40 145 70 75
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 25 35 10 20
Ukrainian 180 65 115 425 180 245
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 0 0 0
Celtic languages 35 15 15 1,070 495 580
Scottish Gaelic 25 10 15 910 400 505
Welsh 0 0 0 35 25 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 155 80 75
Germanic languages 1,865 825 1,045 9,225 4,490 4,740
Afrikaans 55 30 30 320 140 175
Danish 40 20 20 235 125 110
Dutch 505 215 290 2,105 935 1,165
Frisian 15 10 0 60 30 30
German 1,255 560 695 6,335 3,180 3,155
Icelandic 0 0 0 100 40 60
Norwegian 10 0 0 150 105 40
Swedish 25 20 10 245 115 130
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 0 10 20 10 15
Yiddish 0 0 0 30 15 15
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 45 85
Greek 265 135 135 1,315 670 645
Indo-Iranian languages 6,240 3,190 3,050 6,535 3,635 2,900
Indo-Aryan languages 5,620 2,875 2,745 4,935 2,790 2,140
Bengali 90 45 45 625 350 275
Gujarati 1,315 705 610 240 150 90
Hindi 1,260 645 620 2,270 1,300 975
Kashmiri 15 10 10 15 0 10
Konkani 20 15 0 15 15 0
Marathi 50 20 30 135 85 45
Nepali 15 10 10 620 315 305
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 20 10 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,230 1,075 1,155 1,010 570 445
Sindhi 25 15 10 10 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 40 20 20 245 125 120
Urdu 2,175 1,125 1,045 1,090 660 425
Iranian languages 965 475 485 1,625 865 755
Kurdish 30 15 15 185 110 75
Pashto 705 360 350 85 55 30
Persian (Farsi) 295 125 165 1,385 725 660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 20 75 40 35
Italic (Romance) languages 10,855 5,190 5,665 9,365 4,270 5,100
Catalan 0 0 0 15 10 10
Italian 1,085 550 540 1,665 845 820
Portuguese 7,125 3,445 3,680 910 480 430
Romanian 500 220 285 240 140 105
Spanish 2,345 1,080 1,265 6,990 3,020 3,970
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 55 20
Japanese 115 60 55 865 335 530
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 10 0
Korean 180 75 100 1,530 685 850
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 140 65 70 1,340 715 620
Akan (Twi) 20 15 0 65 40 30
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 10
Edo 10 0 0 10 10 0
Ewe 0 0 0 80 50 30
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ga 0 0 0 30 15 20
Ganda 0 0 0 60 15 40
Igbo 20 10 10 70 45 30
Lingala 0 0 0 30 15 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 130 65 65
Shona 10 10 0 65 40 35
Swahili 50 15 35 370 200 175
Wolof 0 0 0 35 15 20
Yoruba 30 20 15 250 125 125
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 300 175 130
Nilo-Saharan languages 65 25 35 50 30 20
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 65 25 40 45 30 10
Sign languages 190 75 115 1,605 555 1,045
American Sign Language 155 70 90 795 235 555
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 815 325 495
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,110 530 580 7,135 3,615 3,515
Chinese languages 1,110 530 580 7,115 3,610 3,500
Cantonese 560 260 295 1,555 730 820
Hakka 25 0 15 45 25 25
Mandarin 570 255 320 5,435 2,720 2,710
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 40 25 20 195 75 120
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 60 35 30
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 20 20 575 340 245
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 20 10 15
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 275 120 155 240 110 130
Lao 260 120 145 20 0 10
Thai 40 10 35 220 100 120
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 80 40 40 620 320 300
Azerbaijani 15 0 10 20 20 0
Turkish 65 35 30 480 225 255
Uyghur 0 0 0 15 0 10
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 60 40
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Uralic languages 575 295 280 430 200 230
Estonian 50 20 30 50 25 20
Finnish 50 25 20 120 55 70
Hungarian 480 250 230 255 115 140
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 35
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 127,840 63,140 64,700 908,340 440,735 467,605
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 122,710 60,670 62,040 878,415 425,340 453,070
Canadian citizens aged under 18 28,305 14,330 13,975 159,440 81,575 77,870
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 94,410 46,335 48,070 718,970 343,770 375,200
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 5,125 2,470 2,660 29,930 15,395 14,535
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 127,835 63,135 64,700 908,340 440,730 467,605
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 101,075 50,100 50,975 842,760 407,740 435,015
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 26,090 12,705 13,390 55,675 27,270 28,405
Before 1981 11,115 5,460 5,655 19,200 9,335 9,865
1981 to 1990 3,895 1,915 1,980 4,800 2,330 2,470
1991 to 2000 4,235 2,005 2,225 6,705 3,140 3,560
2001 to 2010 4,945 2,415 2,530 13,185 6,540 6,645
2001 to 2005 2,520 1,275 1,250 5,105 2,500 2,600
2006 to 2010 2,425 1,135 1,285 8,080 4,035 4,045
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,900 905 985 11,790 5,925 5,865
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 670 335 340 9,900 5,720 4,185
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 26,090 12,700 13,385 55,675 27,270 28,410
Under 5 years 3,150 1,705 1,445 7,280 3,495 3,785
5 to 14 years 5,305 2,730 2,580 10,445 5,240 5,205
15 to 24 years 6,320 2,745 3,575 10,170 4,670 5,500
25 to 44 years 9,690 4,835 4,855 22,980 11,315 11,660
45 years and over 1,630 690 940 4,800 2,550 2,250
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 26,090 12,705 13,390 55,680 27,270 28,410
Americas 3,670 1,645 2,025 10,610 4,830 5,780
Brazil 115 50 65 175 75 100
Colombia 240 110 135 175 90 85
El Salvador 420 195 225 95 50 45
Guyana 590 270 325 170 85 90
Haiti 0 0 0 55 30 30
Jamaica 480 240 240 480 210 275
Mexico 155 80 75 325 155 175
Peru 30 10 25 105 35 75
Trinidad and Tobago 195 70 130 220 120 100
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 640 230 415 7,375 3,320 4,055
Other places of birth in Americas 780 390 390 1,430 675 750
Europe 13,095 6,465 6,635 22,110 11,195 10,920
Bosnia and Herzegovina 55 35 25 210 115 100
Croatia 160 65 90 180 75 105
France 40 25 20 610 330 280
Germany 565 250 315 2,600 1,270 1,330
Greece 115 65 55 505 270 235
Hungary 210 115 95 110 40 65
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 100 45 50 475 225 255
Italy 425 215 210 525 310 215
Netherlands 445 225 220 1,645 790 855
Poland 730 370 360 630 265 365
Portugal 4,620 2,215 2,410 220 140 80
Romania 430 180 250 180 100 80
Russian Federation 110 50 60 585 270 315
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 210 130 85 90 45 45
Ukraine 60 30 35 335 145 195
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 4,005 2,080 1,925 11,275 5,815 5,460
Other places of birth in Europe 815 365 455 1,930 985 945
Africa 860 475 385 3,525 1,855 1,675
Algeria 0 10 0 25 15 15
Egypt 185 105 80 770 395 370
Ethiopia 65 40 25 185 105 85
Kenya 45 15 30 125 75 50
Morocco 15 15 0 80 50 30
Nigeria 60 30 25 350 185 165
Somalia 15 0 15 65 30 35
South Africa, Republic of 165 80 85 460 205 250
Other places of birth in Africa 310 190 125 1,465 790 675
Asia 8,390 4,075 4,315 18,955 9,100 9,855
Afghanistan 145 55 85 100 40 60
Bangladesh 50 25 25 315 180 135
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 465 175 285 2,830 1,140 1,685
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 155 85 70 280 130 155
India 2,460 1,240 1,220 2,225 1,190 1,040
IranCensus data footnote 61 105 70