Census Profile, 2016 Census
Winnipeg, City [Census subdivision], Manitoba and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Winnipeg, CY
Manitoba
[Census subdivision]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Winnipeg, City [Census subdivision], Manitoba  Map : Winnipeg, City [Census subdivision], Manitoba
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 705,244 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 663,617 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.3 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 294,245 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 281,046 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,518.8 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 464.33 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 705,245 344,400 360,845 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 118,790 61,010 57,775 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 39,205 20,260 18,945 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 40,205 20,445 19,760 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 39,380 20,315 19,070 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 476,125 236,195 239,925 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 43,190 22,345 20,850 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 50,525 25,755 24,765 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 52,180 26,110 26,065 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 51,105 25,260 25,845 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 47,940 23,455 24,485 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 45,715 22,555 23,165 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 45,255 22,235 23,020 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 50,160 24,750 25,410 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 47,995 23,630 24,360 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 42,055 20,100 21,955 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 110,335 47,190 63,145 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 35,520 16,535 18,985 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 24,715 11,320 13,395 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 18,215 7,860 10,355 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 14,630 5,975 8,655 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 17,255 5,500 11,760 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 10,260 3,645 6,615 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 5,315 1,515 3,805 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 1,435 305 1,130 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 240 30 210 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.8 17.7 16.0 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 67.5 68.6 66.5 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 15.6 13.7 17.5 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 2.4 1.6 3.3 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 39.9 38.6 41.1 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 38.8 37.4 40.1 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 281,050 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 166,955 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 36,730 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 76,725 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 10,590 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 10,060 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 5,095 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 50,660 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 320 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 630 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 281,045 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 84,595 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 90,015 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 42,585 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 38,335 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 25,510 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 690,005 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 586,455 283,385 303,070 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 317,815 158,875 158,940 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 268,770 134,360 134,415 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 49,045 24,515 24,530 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 268,640 124,510 144,125 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 183,195 97,400 85,795 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 15,075 6,395 8,680 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 35,835 13,770 22,065 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 34,530 6,945 27,585 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 189,400 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 92,125 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 42,260 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 37,665 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 17,340 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 189,400 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 154,280 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 129,765 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 24,520 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 35,115 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 27,985 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 7,130 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 154,280 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 70,770 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 83,510 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 32,730 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 34,830 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 15,950 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 35,115 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 21,355 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 9,530 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 4,230 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 134,925 64,690 70,235 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 281,045 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 176,670 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 66,695 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 109,975 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 6,170 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 98,205 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 84,595 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 13,605 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 696,265 340,920 355,345 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 614,005 304,395 309,610 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 980 435 540 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 70,245 31,355 38,895 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 11,035 4,735 6,300 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 696,265 340,920 355,345 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 660,495 324,690 335,805 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 22,155 10,235 11,925 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 2,875 1,420 1,455 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 10,740 4,580 6,165 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 23,595 10,945 12,650 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 3.4 3.2 3.6 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 696,265 340,925 355,345 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 673,580 329,940 343,640 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 494,220 244,030 250,190 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 471,825 233,715 238,115 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 22,390 10,315 12,080 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 179,355 85,910 93,445 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 3,585 1,390 2,190 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 3,420 1,330 2,085 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 1,120 420 700 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 5 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 15 0 10 55 25 30
Plains Cree 40 20 25 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 325 125 200 355 135 225
Woods Cree 30 10 20 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 705 260 445 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 5 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 2,290 910 1,380 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 5 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 1,590 630 960 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 695 275 420 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 45 10 30 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 45 10 35 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 45 10 35 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 55 20 35 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 45 10 30 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 5 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 20 10 10 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 35 10 25 10 5 5
Dakota 35 15 25 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 5 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 5 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 10 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 175,775 84,520 91,255 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 9,850 5,090 4,755 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 40 20 15 725 405 320
Kabyle 35 20 15 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 1,690 835 855 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 125 70 60 250 140 110
Oromo 330 170 170 1,445 720 730
Somali 1,225 595 630 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 10 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 8,065 4,200 3,865 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 1,520 745 775 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 4,275 2,270 2,005 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 0 0 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 520 305 215 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 30 10 20 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 1,700 860 835 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,980 1,875 2,110 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 265 125 135 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 3,715 1,745 1,970 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 48,210 22,370 25,840 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 155 65 85 595 260 330
Cebuano 930 420 505 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 5 0 5 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 355 155 205 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 1,265 585 675 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 5 100 45 55
Malay 150 60 90 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 595 290 310 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 125 65 65 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 44,445 20,635 23,810 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 45 20 20 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 130 60 70 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 430 200 230 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 15 10 5 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 180 90 95 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 235 100 130 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 1,165 610 560 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 80 45 40 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 520 265 255 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 410 215 195 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 155 85 65 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 85,055 41,140 43,920 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 305 150 155 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 60 30 25 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 22,020 9,850 12,170 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 110 50 65 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 45 20 30 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 65 30 35 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 21,905 9,800 12,110 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 30 15 15 515 230 280
Bosnian 555 275 275 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 125 60 65 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 835 390 445 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 425 210 215 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 135 60 70 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 4,985 2,205 2,775 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 5,515 2,665 2,855 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 610 310 300 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 230 110 120 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 300 125 175 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 220 100 125 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 7,880 3,240 4,635 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 55 30 20 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 25 15 10 450 210 240
Welsh 20 10 10 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 225 120 110
Germanic languages 15,875 7,050 8,825 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 150 75 70 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 165 75 85 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 1,215 585 630 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 25 10 15 1,240 630 620
German 13,595 5,985 7,615 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 145 50 95 210 100 110
Norwegian 50 20 30 940 405 540
Swedish 95 40 55 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 105 45 60 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 340 165 175 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 1,145 575 565 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 29,330 15,485 13,840 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 26,685 14,155 12,530 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 1,095 630 470 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 2,065 1,080 980 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 2,065 1,100 970 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 5 5 0 345 170 175
Konkani 30 15 15 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 105 65 45 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 710 350 360 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 5 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 17,190 9,040 8,145 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 50 25 25 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 625 320 300 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 2,745 1,510 1,230 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 2,545 1,275 1,265 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 390 205 190 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 245 110 135 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 1,910 965 945 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 55 40 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 16,280 7,970 8,315 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 0 0 0 285 150 135
Italian 3,365 1,650 1,720 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 5,685 2,735 2,945 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 525 255 275 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 6,690 3,310 3,375 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 420 200 215
Japanese 485 165 315 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 15 5 10 1,200 635 565
Georgian 15 10 5 1,200 635 565
Korean 3,280 1,560 1,720 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 20 5 15 405 180 220
Mongolian 20 5 15 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 3,510 1,755 1,755 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 130 70 55 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 70 25 50 140 60 80
Edo 35 20 15 1,140 475 670
Ewe 25 20 10 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 60 35 30 365 180 185
Ga 15 5 5 600 275 325
Ganda 45 15 25 760 360 400
Igbo 275 145 125 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 70 30 40 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 120 60 65 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 230 120 115 1,330 545 785
Shona 90 40 50 1,455 660 790
Swahili 820 395 425 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 70 50 25 290 145 150
Yoruba 875 445 430 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 580 285 295 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 380 205 175 1,610 810 800
Dinka 170 90 80 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 215 120 95 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 315 170 145 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 175 95 80 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 5 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 135 70 65 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 16,595 8,185 8,410 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 16,035 7,905 8,130 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 6,055 2,865 3,190 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 55 25 25 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 8,785 4,425 4,360 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 5 5 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 300 145 160 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 100 50 50 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 730 390 340 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 560 280 275 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 80 50 30 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 415 205 210 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 10 0 5 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 50 15 35 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 1,005 480 530 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 800 405 395 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 205 75 135 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 300 160 140 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 30 15 15 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 185 105 85 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 10 5 5 515 255 260
Uzbek 40 25 15 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 640 295 345
Uralic languages 1,055 465 590 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 30 15 15 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 130 50 75 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 900 405 495 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 120 70 50 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 22,685 10,980 11,705 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 2,780 1,350 1,430 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 18,955 9,135 9,820 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 565 310 255 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 385 190 200 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 696,265 340,925 355,345 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 647,055 317,210 329,840 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 555,505 272,420 283,090 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 546,075 268,225 277,845 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 9,435 4,195 5,240 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 91,545 44,790 46,755 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 925 400 525 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 905 390 510 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 260 105 150 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 5 5 5 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 45 20 25 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 200 80 120 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 645 285 360 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 365 155 205 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 285 125 160 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 5 5 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 5 0 5 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 5 0 5 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 90,620 44,395 46,225 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 6,320 3,165 3,160 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 15 10 5 345 175 170
Kabyle 15 10 5 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 1,140 520 615 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 95 50 45 170 80 85
Oromo 205 90 115 805 380 425
Somali 830 375 455 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 110 50 65
Semitic languages 5,145 2,620 2,525 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 875 430 445 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 2,835 1,455 1,385 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 5 0 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 340 185 155 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 10 5 0 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 1,080 545 535 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,785 1,310 1,470 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 125 55 70 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 2,660 1,260 1,400 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 24,745 11,735 13,010 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 25 15 10 90 35 55
Cebuano 345 170 175 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 125 55 65 910 385 530
Ilocano 370 175 195 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 50 25 25 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 230 110 120 445 200 250
Pangasinan 30 15 10 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 23,540 11,155 12,385 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 380 175 200
Creole languages 200 80 115 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 10 5 5 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 90 45 50 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 105 40 60 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 580 285 295 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 40 20 20 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 255 125 130 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 205 105 105 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 75 40 35 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 38,445 19,165 19,280 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 150 80 75 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 20 10 5 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 8,315 3,970 4,345 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 10 5 10 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 5 5 5 860 350 515
Lithuanian 10 0 0 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 8,300 3,965 4,330 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 5 0 5 175 80 90
Bosnian 280 140 140 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 60 30 30 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 270 115 155 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 95 45 50 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 75 35 45 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 1,660 740 920 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 3,610 1,795 1,815 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 330 165 160 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 85 40 50 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 60 30 30 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 50 20 35 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 1,700 800 895 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 355 160 190
Celtic languages 10 5 5 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 5 0 60 30 25
Welsh 5 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 1,635 735 900 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 50 25 25 755 365 390
Danish 5 5 5 280 135 150
Dutch 65 30 35 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 5 90 45 45
German 1,475 655 815 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 15 5 10 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 10 5 0 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 5 145 60 85
Yiddish 10 5 5 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 485 220 260 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 20,740 10,810 9,930 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 19,035 10,000 9,040 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 660 375 285 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 1,315 670 645 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 1,200 640 560 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 10 0 5 540 260 280
Marathi 30 20 15 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 535 260 270 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 13,225 6,915 6,310 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 25 10 15 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 340 180 160 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 1,695 930 770 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 1,665 790 870 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 255 125 130 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 155 65 90 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 1,250 595 655 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 7,095 3,335 3,760 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 970 415 555 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 2,605 1,205 1,400 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 205 100 110 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 3,315 1,615 1,695 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 160 65 95 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 10 5 5 770 420 355
Georgian 5 5 0 775 420 355
Korean 2,540 1,235 1,305 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 5 0 5 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 1,285 635 650 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 40 30 15 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 15 5 5 25 15 15
Edo 5 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 5 5 5 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 30 15 15 110 55 55
Ga 5 0 5 175 80 100
Ganda 5 5 0 195 85 110
Igbo 70 40 35 540 265 275
Lingala 40 20 20 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 55 30 30 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 100 50 45 420 160 260
Shona 10 5 10 455 210 245
Swahili 470 225 245 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 30 15 10 130 65 65
Yoruba 285 145 135 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 110 40 70 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 130 60 70 550 260 290
Dinka 80 30 45 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 425 195 225
Sign languages 395 220 175 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 195 110 85 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 200 110 90 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 12,125 6,010 6,110 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 11,675 5,785 5,890 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 4,060 1,905 2,155 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 25 10 10 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 6,890 3,500 3,390 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 125 60 65 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 60 30 30 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 510 275 230 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 450 225 220 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 50 30 25 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 350 180 170 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 5 0 0 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 35 10 20 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 490 230 265 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 400 195 205 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 90 35 60 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 120 60 60 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 10 5 5 770 385 380
Turkish 60 30 30 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 35 20 15 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 250 130 120
Uralic languages 255 115 140 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 0 0 0 790 290 500
Finnish 20 15 5 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 235 105 130 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 465 245 225
Multiple responses 49,210 23,710 25,505 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 2,055 950 1,105 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 46,025 22,215 23,810 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 350 175 175 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 780 365 410 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 696,265 340,925 355,340 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 589,060 290,070 298,985 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 45,760 22,350 23,405 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 11,860 5,185 6,680 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 47,600 22,345 25,255 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 2,330 915 1,415 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 45,270 21,430 23,840 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 250 125 125 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 1,170 595 575 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 555 250 310 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 15 5 5 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 571,580 277,450 294,130 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 543,905 263,405 280,500 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,964 40,204 30,683 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 544,005 263,415 280,585 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,968 34,915 27,685 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 492,435 243,220 249,215 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,485 39,231 28,370 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 402,285 175,015 227,275 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,345 1,403 4,645 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 412,400 210,395 202,005 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,795 39,583 30,503 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 571,580 277,430 294,145 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 543,880 263,420 280,460 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,916 52,162 38,110 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 544,000 263,440 280,565 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,742 41,752 32,037 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 492,600 243,375 249,225 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,106 52,146 36,256 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 402,440 174,890 227,550 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,714 6,001 7,262 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 412,400 210,205 202,200 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,874 50,708 36,769 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 571,580 277,430 294,150 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 200,000 111,255 88,740 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 50,937 55,422 46,147 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 61,165 67,524 53,193 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.9 92.3 84.5 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 74.1 77.6 69.6 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.1 7.7 15.5 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 571,580 277,450 294,130 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 27,670 14,045 13,630 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 543,905 263,405 280,500 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 95.2 94.9 95.4 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 76,220 34,900 41,315 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 82,790 32,740 50,050 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 77,155 31,170 45,985 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 71,645 32,175 39,470 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 63,520 30,325 33,195 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 47,690 25,865 21,820 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 34,250 19,830 14,425 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 25,050 14,765 10,280 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 19,750 11,340 8,410 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 12,580 7,395 5,190 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 33,265 22,900 10,360 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 23,095 15,460 7,635 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 10,165 7,440 2,730 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 571,580 277,450 294,130 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 27,575 14,035 13,540 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 544,000 263,420 280,590 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 95.2 94.9 95.4 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 78,630 35,395 43,235 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 89,555 35,715 53,835 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 94,770 39,705 55,065 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 89,425 41,635 47,795 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 68,040 35,850 32,200 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 45,510 26,360 19,145 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 30,760 17,775 12,985 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 17,980 10,705 7,275 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 29,325 20,270 9,055 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 10,065 6,575 3,485 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 5,750 3,945 1,800 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 13,510 9,745 3,760 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 571,580 277,450 294,130 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 159,175 67,050 92,125 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 412,405 210,395 202,005 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 72.2 75.8 68.7 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 46,315 21,735 24,585 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 29,640 12,975 16,670 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 53,530 23,765 29,765 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 51,785 23,360 28,420 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 51,805 24,355 27,455 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 45,820 22,620 23,205 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 35,450 20,060 15,390 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 25,830 15,285 10,545 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 19,880 11,925 7,955 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 52,335 34,315 18,020 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 16,565 9,500 7,060 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 10,100 6,220 3,880 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 25,670 18,595 7,080 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 281,045 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 68,402 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 58,987 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 84,600 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,389 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,621 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 196,445 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,478 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,066 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 281,045 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 86,921 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 71,119 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 84,615 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,555 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,404 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 196,435 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 104,739 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 85,642 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 281,045 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 5,600 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 5,160 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,845 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 9,755 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,960 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,635 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,560 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 12,405 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,440 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,280 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 23,335 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 21,975 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 19,795 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 18,130 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 15,505 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 83,660 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 30,030 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 19,820 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 19,945 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 13,860 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 281,050 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 5,835 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 5,230 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 7,075 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 10,440 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 13,815 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,820 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 14,755 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 15,510 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 15,040 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 14,685 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 28,010 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 25,325 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 22,040 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 18,340 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 15,195 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 56,940 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 26,510 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 14,335 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 16,100 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 187,435 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,756 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,198 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 65,035 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,677 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,441 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 83,555 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 107,956 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 91,344 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 32,045 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,557 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,774 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 187,405 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 105,662 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,202 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 65,000 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,503 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,087 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 83,720 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 126,792 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,628 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 31,935 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,482 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,767 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 112,900 54,860 58,045 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,470 34,994 32,247 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,799 30,688 29,081 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 112,680 54,700 57,985 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,061 42,846 39,377 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,013 34,887 33,188 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 690,000 338,265 351,735 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 368,405 176,125 192,285 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 78,315 38,370 39,940 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 68,390 30,905 37,480 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 72,380 34,120 38,260 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 74,275 36,015 38,260 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 75,050 36,710 38,340 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 321,595 162,145 159,450 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 73,740 36,675 37,060 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 71,565 35,885 35,680 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 67,470 33,960 33,510 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 60,780 30,930 29,855 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 48,050 24,700 23,350 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 690,005 338,270 351,740 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 143,460 73,840 69,625 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 46,950 24,170 22,775 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 446,715 220,470 226,245 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 99,825 43,960 55,865 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 109,540 51,615 57,920 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 32,990 16,960 16,030 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 12,005 6,215 5,795 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 64,450 30,475 33,980 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 12,100 4,180 7,915 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.9 15.3 16.5 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 23.0 23.0 23.0 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 25.6 25.7 25.4 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 14.4 13.8 15.0 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 12.1 9.5 14.2 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 91,945 44,300 47,645 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 25,905 13,275 12,630 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 9,570 4,920 4,645 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 58,300 28,335 29,965 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 7,740 2,685 5,050 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 13.3 13.1 13.5 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 18.1 18.0 18.1 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 20.4 20.4 20.4 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 13.1 12.9 13.2 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 7.8 6.1 9.0 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 690,000 338,270 351,735 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 679,015 333,455 345,555 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 678,135 333,060 345,080 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 70,225 31,345 38,885 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 220,925 105,860 115,060 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 5,645 2,230 3,415 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 5,400 2,130 3,270 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 10 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 1,870 740 1,135 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 35 10 25 65 25 45
Plains Cree 105 50 50 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 500 220 280 605 255 350
Woods Cree 55 25 30 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 1,175 435 740 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 3,685 1,455 2,230 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 2,580 1,035 1,550 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 1,105 420 680 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 75 15 60 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 75 15 60 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 75 10 60 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 55 25 30 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 40 10 30 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 15 10 10 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 10 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 65 30 30 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 10 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 35 20 15 40 10 30
Dakota 35 20 15 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 10 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 215,340 103,665 111,680 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 14,575 7,635 6,935 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 75 35 35 925 505 415
Kabyle 45 25 20 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 35 20 10 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 2,220 1,145 1,075 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 150 80 70 355 200 160
Oromo 530 270 260 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 1,530 785 745 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 370 170 205
Semitic languages 12,605 6,655 5,955 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 2,185 1,175 1,005 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 6,080 3,280 2,810 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 0 10 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 10 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 10 10 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 3,210 1,645 1,570 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 45 10 25 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 2,125 1,105 1,020 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 125 55 70 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,955 2,410 2,545 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 325 175 140 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 4,645 2,245 2,405 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 59,420 27,390 32,035 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 210 95 110 755 340 425
Cebuano 1,200 595 605 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 10 0 10 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 395 160 235 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 1,790 855 930 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 315 160 155 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 910 400 510 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 210 95 110 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 58,520 26,925 31,595 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 100 50 50 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 140 55 85 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 965 440 525 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 25 0 15 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 410 210 205 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 555 240 310 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 1,290 605 685 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 160 85 70 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 480 190 290 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 570 275 290 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 175 95 80 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 104,005 50,555 53,450 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 375 190 185 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 55 45 15 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 24,705 11,445 13,260 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 165 85 80 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 65 30 35 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 100 55 45 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 24,580 11,390 13,195 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 55 20 30 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 810 400 410 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 135 80 55 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 1,330 620 715 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 535 240 295 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 125 70 55 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 5,985 2,770 3,215 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 7,660 3,770 3,890 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 810 435 375 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 180 70 110 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 365 155 210 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 255 95 160 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 9,560 4,145 5,415 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 95 60 30 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 65 50 15 1,480 720 765
Welsh 10 10 10 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 19,085 8,690 10,400 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 275 125 145 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 160 60 100 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 1,380 670 710 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 35 15 15 1,655 820 835
German 16,360 7,505 8,850 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 205 60 145 285 130 155
Norwegian 150 60 95 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 175 55 115 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 100 35 60 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 540 230 310 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 1,795 915 880 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 35,065 18,495 16,575 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 32,370 17,140 15,230 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 1,435 840 595 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 2,745 1,440 1,305 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 11,240 6,005 5,235 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 15 15 10 600 300 300
Konkani 35 25 15 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 220 125 90 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 600 285 320 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 20 15 10 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 21,585 11,330 10,255 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 140 80 55 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 870 470 405 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 4,185 2,360 1,825 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 2,795 1,390 1,405 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 575 280 295 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 270 120 150 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 2,110 1,075 1,035 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 205 110 90 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 25,220 11,865 13,355 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 10 0 10 515 275 240
Italian 4,705 2,270 2,435 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 7,170 3,440 3,735 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 665 340 325 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 13,395 6,165 7,230 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 45 40 0 1,355 745 605
Japanese 1,005 470 535 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 10 0 15 1,555 775 780
Georgian 10 0 10 1,555 770 785
Korean 3,710 1,815 1,895 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 50 20 30 515 225 285
Mongolian 50 20 30 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 7,260 3,695 3,560 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 210 130 80 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 145 90 60 385 195 185
Edo 90 60 35 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 50 25 25 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 50 25 20 700 320 375
Ga 20 10 10 1,340 645 695
Ganda 175 80 100 1,225 550 675
Igbo 625 315 310 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 645 305 340 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 195 95 100 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 305 155 150 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 195 80 115 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 1,820 960 865 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 155 85 70 730 355 375
Yoruba 2,365 1,185 1,180 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,235 630 610 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 410 225 185 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 180 105 75 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 230 120 105 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 1,910 725 1,185 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 1,270 495 780 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 650 245 410 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 18,775 9,310 9,460 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 18,120 9,010 9,105 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 7,705 3,625 4,075 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 45 25 20 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 11,220 5,655 5,565 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 440 205 235 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 140 80 60 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 810 445 365 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 665 300 360 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 185 115 70 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 460 200 260 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 135 55 75 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 1,405 645 755 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 1,035 480 560 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 485 220 260 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 415 210 205 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 55 30 25 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 295 150 140 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 30 20 15 700 350 345
Uzbek 15 0 10 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 25 915 450 465
Uralic languages 1,185 550 635 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 50 20 30 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 130 50 85 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 1,005 475 525 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 375 240 130 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 690,005 338,265 351,735 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 609,455 297,740 311,715 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 127,495 65,420 62,075 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 481,955 232,320 249,635 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 80,550 40,525 40,025 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 690,005 338,270 351,740 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 500,565 245,535 255,030 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 176,155 85,435 90,725 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 37,655 17,285 20,370 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 16,165 8,185 7,975 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 17,875 8,560 9,315 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 52,440 25,835 26,605 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 15,940 7,785 8,155 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 36,505 18,055 18,450 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 52,020 25,560 26,465 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 13,285 7,305 5,980 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 176,155 85,430 90,725 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 17,810 8,975 8,835 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 32,890 16,765 16,125 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 34,765 16,065 18,700 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 75,960 36,495 39,465 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 14,730 7,125 7,605 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 176,155 85,430 90,725 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 16,190 7,655 8,540 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 385 155 230 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 530 235 290 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 1,490 795 695 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 1,065 480 585 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 75 40 35 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 1,570 720 845 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 730 370 360 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 195 85 105 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 1,390 715 670 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 4,105 1,885 2,215 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 4,670 2,165 2,505 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 36,455 17,505 18,950 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,015 505 505 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 855 370 480 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 465 245 220 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 3,980 1,880 2,100 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 770 420 350 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 680 350 325 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 390 175 215 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 2,465 1,270 1,195 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 1,010 535 475 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 4,240 1,950 2,290 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 3,805 1,875 1,925 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 625 305 320 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 1,965 905 1,060 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 325 170 155 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 3,605 1,690 1,915 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 6,870 3,265 3,605 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 3,400 1,600 1,800 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 15,935 8,310 7,625 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 100 50 50 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 890 485 410 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 2,210 1,170 1,040 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 895 435 455 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 220 115 105 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 3,490 1,880 1,610 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 745 340 405 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 530 235 290 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 6,850 3,590 3,265 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 107,125 51,750 55,370 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 605 280 325 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 845 465 385 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 7,560 3,635 3,930 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 1,370 655 715 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 19,430 10,020 9,415 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,035 570 465 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 835 450 385 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 175 50 125 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 2,580 1,265 1,315 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 220 145 80 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 2,840 1,535 1,305 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 56,935 26,495 30,440 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 965 485 485 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 695 325 370 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 190 95 90 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 4,060 1,950 2,110 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 6,785 3,345 3,445 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 455 215 240 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 52,020 25,560 26,460 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 1,940 875 1,060 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 90 30 60 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 80 20 55 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 55 15 40 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 15 10 10 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 245 130 115 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 240 130 115 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 600 295 305 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 40 15 30 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 570 230 340 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 3,320 1,680 1,640 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 85 35 45 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 100 50 50 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 95 60 40 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 130 75 55 880 400 480
Romania 65