Census Profile, 2016 Census
Regina, City [Census subdivision], Saskatchewan and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Regina, CY
Saskatchewan
[Census subdivision]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Regina, City [Census subdivision], Saskatchewan  Map : Regina, City [Census subdivision], Saskatchewan
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 215,106 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 193,150 r ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 11.4 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 93,197 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 87,417 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,195.2 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 179.97 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 215,105 105,915 109,190 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 39,675 20,340 19,330 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 14,040 7,120 6,920 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 13,650 7,100 6,545 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 11,985 6,120 5,865 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 145,685 72,915 72,770 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 12,170 6,225 5,950 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 15,150 7,680 7,475 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 17,745 9,060 8,685 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 17,505 8,855 8,645 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 15,785 7,965 7,820 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 13,625 6,815 6,805 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 12,770 6,375 6,390 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 14,645 7,100 7,545 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 14,175 7,000 7,170 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 12,120 5,835 6,280 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 29,750 12,665 17,085 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 9,300 4,370 4,930 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 6,450 2,940 3,515 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 5,160 2,180 2,980 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 4,140 1,615 2,525 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 4,695 1,560 3,140 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 2,840 1,060 1,785 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 1,450 425 1,030 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 340 65 275 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 60 5 55 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.4 19.2 17.7 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 67.7 68.8 66.6 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 13.8 12.0 15.6 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 2.2 1.5 2.9 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 38.4 37.2 39.6 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 36.6 35.5 37.8 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 87,420 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 56,425 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 4,240 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 26,580 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,140 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 5,540 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,645 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 17,230 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 30 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 175 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 87,415 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 25,905 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 29,185 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 13,385 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 11,930 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 7,015 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 211,780 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 175,435 85,575 89,860 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 98,710 49,605 49,100 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 82,770 41,635 41,140 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 15,930 7,975 7,960 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 76,725 35,965 40,760 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 52,645 28,480 24,165 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 3,885 1,590 2,295 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 10,740 4,195 6,540 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 9,460 1,700 7,760 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 58,445 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 29,345 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 12,655 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 11,305 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 5,150 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 58,445 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 47,925 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 39,960 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 7,965 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 10,525 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 8,360 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 2,160 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 47,925 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 23,025 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 24,895 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 9,865 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 10,360 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 4,670 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 10,520 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 6,315 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 2,790 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 1,415 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 42,095 20,950 21,145 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 87,415 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 55,325 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 22,050 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 33,280 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,500 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 30,585 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 25,905 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 4,680 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 212,700 104,945 107,750 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 196,885 97,870 99,015 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 200 90 105 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 12,950 5,815 7,140 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 2,660 1,170 1,490 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 212,700 104,950 107,755 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 207,145 102,375 104,770 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 2,405 1,170 1,240 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 570 280 290 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 2,580 1,125 1,455 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,690 1,305 1,385 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.3 1.2 1.3 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 212,700 104,945 107,755 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 208,195 102,705 105,485 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 171,020 84,025 86,990 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 168,580 82,870 85,710 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 2,445 1,155 1,290 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 37,175 18,675 18,490 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 460 200 260 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 390 170 220 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 290 120 170 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 70 25 45 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 5 5 355 135 225
Woods Cree 20 15 5 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 195 80 115 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 100 50 50 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 100 50 50 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 5 5 5 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 5 5 5 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 5 0 5 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 15 5 10 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 35 10 20 10 5 5
Dakota 30 10 20 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 5 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 5 5 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 36,715 18,475 18,235 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,620 1,405 1,215 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 10 5 5 725 405 320
Kabyle 0 0 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 580 275 305 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 25 10 10 250 140 110
Oromo 45 25 20 1,445 720 730
Somali 500 235 265 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 225 115 110
Semitic languages 2,035 1,125 905 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 125 70 60 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 1,565 885 675 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 25 10 15 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 0 0 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 35 20 15 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 0 0 0 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 280 140 145 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,185 585 595 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 45 25 20 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 1,140 565 580 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 6,230 2,985 3,240 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 15 10 5 595 260 330
Cebuano 480 225 255 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 65 30 35 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 335 160 175 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 20 10 10 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 50 20 25 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 15 5 15 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5,155 2,480 2,675 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 65 35 35 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 65 35 30 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 5 5 0 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 35 20 15 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 625 350 270 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 20 10 10 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 305 160 145 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 150 85 60 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 145 90 55 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 18,330 9,360 8,970 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 190 90 100 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 20 10 10 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 3,575 1,630 1,945 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 55 25 30 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 20 10 10 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 35 20 20 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 3,520 1,600 1,915 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 0 0 0 515 230 280
Bosnian 65 30 35 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 20 10 5 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 190 90 95 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 35 15 20 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 10 0 5 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 480 210 275 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 1,005 500 505 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 135 60 75 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 25 15 10 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 30 15 15 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 10 20 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 1,480 635 840 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 5 5 0 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 450 210 240
Welsh 0 5 0 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 2,615 1,175 1,445 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 125 70 60 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 35 20 15 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 225 110 120 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 5 5 0 1,240 630 620
German 2,145 950 1,200 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 10 5 10 210 100 110
Norwegian 35 15 20 940 405 540
Swedish 15 0 10 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 10 5 5 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 535 280 255 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 9,395 5,180 4,220 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 8,515 4,690 3,830 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 995 525 465 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 1,220 695 525 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 745 430 320 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 10 5 5 345 170 175
Konkani 20 10 10 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 65 35 25 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 395 200 195 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 0 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,445 1,360 1,090 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 15 15 10 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 40 20 20 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 2,555 1,395 1,165 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 780 435 350 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 70 40 35 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 215 130 85 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 490 265 225 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 100 60 45 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 1,995 995 1,000 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 0 0 0 285 150 135
Italian 370 190 180 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 120 55 65 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 260 110 145 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 1,245 635 610 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 420 200 215
Japanese 95 25 70 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Georgian 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Korean 560 250 305 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 0 5 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 0 0 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 1,000 520 480 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 55 35 25 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 30 10 15 1,140 475 670
Ewe 30 20 15 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5 365 180 185
Ga 5 5 0 600 275 325
Ganda 25 10 15 760 360 400
Igbo 120 65 55 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 15 10 5 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 95 50 45 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 45 20 25 1,330 545 785
Shona 25 20 5 1,455 660 790
Swahili 200 100 100 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 20 15 5 290 145 150
Yoruba 165 85 75 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 165 85 80 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 130 75 50 1,610 810 800
Dinka 55 35 20 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 70 40 30 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 30 10 20 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 10 0 5 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 5 15 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,975 2,465 2,510 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 4,475 2,220 2,255 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 1,305 625 685 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 15 5 5 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 2,680 1,340 1,345 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 0 0 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 100 55 45 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 15 15 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 350 185 160 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 500 245 250 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 55 30 20 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 425 200 215 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 5 5 0 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 235 110 125 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 170 90 80 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 70 25 45 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 155 80 80 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 0 5 5 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 135 65 70 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 0 0 0 515 255 260
Uzbek 10 5 10 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 640 295 345
Uralic languages 435 195 245 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 5 0 0 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 25 10 20 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 410 185 225 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 4,505 2,240 2,270 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 490 225 265 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 3,845 1,930 1,915 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 90 45 45 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 80 35 45 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 212,700 104,945 107,750 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 203,210 100,155 103,055 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 182,890 89,755 93,135 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 181,900 89,265 92,635 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 990 495 500 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 20,320 10,400 9,920 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 45 20 30 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 40 15 20 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 30 15 15 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 5 5 105 50 55
Woods Cree 5 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 15 5 10 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 10 5 5 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5 5 5 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 20,275 10,375 9,895 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,825 940 885 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 395 185 215 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 15 10 10 170 80 85
Oromo 25 15 15 805 380 425
Somali 350 160 185 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 110 50 65
Semitic languages 1,430 755 675 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 70 35 30 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 1,145 620 525 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 10 5 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 10 5 5 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 0 0 0 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 190 90 100 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 860 430 430 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 5 5 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 845 420 420 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 3,600 1,830 1,765 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 205 100 105 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 25 10 10 910 385 530
Ilocano 100 55 45 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 0 0 0 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 10 445 200 250
Pangasinan 5 5 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,205 1,635 1,575 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 380 175 200
Creole languages 35 10 25 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 20 10 10 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 350 185 165 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 5 0 0 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 180 90 90 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 85 45 40 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 85 45 40 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 8,835 4,625 4,210 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 110 55 55 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 5 0 5 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 1,370 685 685 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 15 10 10 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 0 5 0 860 350 515
Lithuanian 10 5 10 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 1,355 675 680 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 20 10 10 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 15 5 5 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 75 35 35 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 5 5 5 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 0 0 0 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 140 65 75 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 695 350 340 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 50 20 25 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 10 5 5 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 345 175 170 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 235 110 130 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 70 35 35 755 365 390
Danish 0 0 0 280 135 150
Dutch 15 5 5 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 145 65 80 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 5 0 70 30 40
Swedish 0 0 0 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 5 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 225 110 115 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 6,070 3,250 2,820 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 5,540 2,970 2,575 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 670 345 325 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 740 410 330 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 430 240 190 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 5 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 5 5 0 540 260 280
Marathi 25 10 10 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 315 160 160 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,615 875 740 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 5 5 0 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 25 10 10 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 1,715 910 805 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 465 245 220 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 25 15 10 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 135 80 60 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 300 150 150 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 815 420 395 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 90 45 50 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 70 30 40 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 70 40 35 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 585 305 280 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 35 10 25 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 395 190 205 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 5 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 365 170 205 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 20 10 10 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 5 0 5 305 120 180
Ewe 5 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 5 0 5 195 85 110
Igbo 30 15 20 540 265 275
Lingala 0 0 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 75 40 35 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 5 10 420 160 260
Shona 10 10 5 455 210 245
Swahili 110 45 65 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 35 15 20 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 65 30 30 550 260 290
Dinka 35 20 15 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 425 195 225
Sign languages 50 25 20 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 5 0 5 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 45 25 15 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,575 1,785 1,790 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 3,225 1,620 1,605 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 815 390 425 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 5 0 0 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 2,095 1,065 1,035 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 40 20 15 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 5 5 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 265 135 125 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 350 160 185 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 35 20 20 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 310 145 165 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 0 0 0 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 90 40 50 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 60 30 30 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 30 10 20 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 100 50 50 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 770 385 380
Turkish 95 45 45 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 5 0 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 65 30 30 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 0 0 0 790 290 500
Finnish 0 0 0 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 65 30 30 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 465 245 225
Multiple responses 9,490 4,795 4,700 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 295 140 160 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 8,970 4,525 4,445 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 45 30 20 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 180 100 75 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 212,700 104,945 107,755 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 190,430 93,765 96,665 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 9,540 4,915 4,620 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 2,265 965 1,300 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 9,895 4,995 4,900 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 350 155 200 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 9,540 4,840 4,705 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 70 30 35 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 340 185 155 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 155 80 75 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 5 5 5 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 172,195 84,370 87,825 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 165,615 81,365 84,250 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,676 49,538 37,068 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 165,635 81,365 84,270 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,801 42,805 33,466 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 152,970 76,175 76,790 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,664 49,229 34,727 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 106,800 45,075 61,730 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,092 2,161 5,010 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 130,465 67,125 63,340 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,536 49,195 36,570 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 172,195 84,385 87,805 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 165,535 81,400 84,140 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,458 62,354 44,851 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 165,550 81,405 84,145 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,860 50,036 37,884 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 153,035 76,275 76,760 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 52,725 62,627 42,886 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 106,370 44,905 61,465 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,338 6,653 7,838 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 130,465 67,140 63,320 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,686 59,924 42,951 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 172,195 84,390 87,810 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 66,545 36,695 29,855 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 60,421 66,861 54,642 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 70,534 78,184 61,130 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.2 94.2 87.3 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 75.9 79.0 71.8 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.8 5.8 12.7 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 172,195 84,370 87,825 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 6,580 3,005 3,570 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 165,615 81,365 84,255 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 96.2 96.4 95.9 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 18,180 8,185 9,995 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 20,570 8,140 12,430 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 20,285 7,990 12,300 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 18,525 8,110 10,415 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 18,650 8,635 10,010 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 15,575 7,905 7,670 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 12,045 6,530 5,515 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 9,645 5,420 4,220 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 7,930 4,605 3,325 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 6,150 3,555 2,595 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 18,050 12,280 5,775 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 12,895 8,430 4,465 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 5,155 3,850 1,305 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 172,195 84,370 87,825 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 6,555 3,005 3,555 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 165,635 81,365 84,270 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 96.2 96.4 96.0 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 18,700 8,315 10,385 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 21,680 8,580 13,095 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 23,845 9,625 14,220 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 24,105 11,000 13,105 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 22,245 11,090 11,155 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 16,565 8,885 7,685 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 12,375 7,140 5,240 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 8,905 5,085 3,820 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 17,215 11,650 5,565 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 5,755 3,495 2,260 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 3,635 2,475 1,155 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 7,825 5,675 2,150 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 172,195 84,370 87,825 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 41,730 17,245 24,485 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 130,460 67,125 63,335 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 75.8 79.6 72.1 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 12,925 5,785 7,145 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 8,050 3,510 4,535 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 14,285 6,170 8,120 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 13,255 5,940 7,320 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 13,225 6,195 7,030 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 13,520 6,460 7,055 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 11,910 6,230 5,685 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 9,250 5,135 4,115 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 7,730 4,455 3,280 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 26,310 17,250 9,055 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 6,715 3,900 2,815 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 5,205 3,125 2,075 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 14,390 10,220 4,170 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 87,420 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 81,832 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 70,229 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 25,900 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,600 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,632 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 61,515 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 103,222 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,896 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 87,415 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 101,232 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 83,063 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 25,915 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 54,383 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,606 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 61,505 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 120,972 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,267 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 87,415 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,125 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 675 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,310 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,720 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,390 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,685 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,965 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,180 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,355 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,225 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 6,325 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 5,960 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 5,710 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 5,395 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 4,860 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 34,535 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 10,145 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 7,710 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 9,290 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 7,390 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 87,415 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,175 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 705 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,340 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,835 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,655 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,175 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,655 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 4,135 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 4,050 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,980 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 7,570 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 7,280 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 6,725 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 5,920 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 5,260 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 25,960 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 10,290 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 6,625 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 9,045 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 58,185 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 102,955 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 87,552 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 21,625 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 98,416 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,964 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 24,925 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 130,150 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,098 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 9,740 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,172 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,559 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 58,275 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 121,017 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 99,023 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 21,625 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 116,335 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 94,272 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 24,940 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 146,336 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 119,082 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 9,745 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 70,225 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,610 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 36,635 18,295 18,345 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 40,467 42,811 38,360 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 35,684 37,258 34,331 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 36,420 18,315 18,100 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 49,339 52,481 46,159 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,922 42,872 38,948 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 211,780 104,660 107,120 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 88,235 41,940 46,290 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 17,200 8,550 8,655 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 17,805 7,840 9,965 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 16,660 7,705 8,950 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 17,650 8,535 9,110 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 18,920 9,305 9,610 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 123,550 62,720 60,825 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 20,710 10,320 10,390 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 22,190 11,160 11,025 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 25,335 12,780 12,550 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 27,750 14,110 13,640 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 27,570 14,350 13,220 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 211,780 104,660 107,120 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 46,675 23,890 22,785 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 16,820 8,590 8,225 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 137,795 68,845 68,945 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 27,315 11,930 15,390 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 24,940 11,545 13,395 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 8,380 4,245 4,135 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 3,380 1,705 1,680 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 13,820 6,445 7,370 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 2,740 850 1,890 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.8 11.0 12.5 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 18.0 17.8 18.1 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 20.1 19.8 20.4 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 10.0 9.4 10.7 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 10.0 7.1 12.3 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 14,195 7,210 6,985 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 4,135 2,100 2,040 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 1,730 855 875 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 9,580 4,930 4,655 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 470 185 290 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.7 6.9 6.5 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 8.9 8.8 9.0 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 10.3 10.0 10.6 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 7.0 7.2 6.8 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 1.7 1.6 1.9 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 211,780 104,660 107,120 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 209,105 103,445 105,665 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 208,830 103,305 105,525 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 13,110 5,830 7,280 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 45,430 22,670 22,760 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 755 350 400 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 620 285 340 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 530 240 290 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 90 60 35 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 10 10 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 40 10 25 605 255 350
Woods Cree 45 15 25 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 365 160 205 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 120 50 65 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 115 50 65 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 10 10 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 10 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 10 10 10 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 25 15 10 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 75 35 40 40 10 30
Dakota 50 25 25 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 25 10 10 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 44,700 22,320 22,375 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,605 2,005 1,600 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 25 20 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 10 10 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 795 400 390 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 35 15 20 355 200 160
Oromo 50 30 20 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 720 365 355 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 2,940 1,685 1,250 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 235 115 125 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 2,260 1,375 885 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 50 30 20 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 315 145 170 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 0 0 0 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 220 120 95 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,480 760 720 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 95 40 50 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 1,385 715 665 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 7,815 3,680 4,130 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 20 10 15 755 340 425
Cebuano 785 390 395 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 110 50 60 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 405 195 215 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 70 25 40 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 75 40 30 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 10 10 10 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,505 3,545 3,960 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 10 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 165 80 90 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 40 25 25 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 125 55 65 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 820 440 380 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 50 30 25 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 410 195 210 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 230 120 110 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 190 135 55 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 22,365 11,345 11,020 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 290 140 150 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 25 10 20 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 3,795 1,795 2,000 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 60 40 20 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 45 25 20 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 15 10 0 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 3,760 1,775 1,985 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 10 0 10 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 115 60 55 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 20 15 10 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 240 135 100 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 30 10 25 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 10 10 0 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 550 250 300 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 1,570 790 780 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 225 115 110 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 0 10 10 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 35 15 15 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 20 20 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 1,590 675 910 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 35 25 10 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 10 15 0 1,480 720 765
Welsh 0 0 0 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 15 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 3,085 1,450 1,635 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 285 115 170 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 40 20 15 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 265 95 170 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 0 0 0 1,655 820 835
German 2,375 1,175 1,200 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 25 15 10 285 130 155
Norwegian 40 15 20 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 30 10 20 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 0 10 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 55 25 35 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 865 445 420 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 11,335 6,160 5,170 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 10,505 5,690 4,820 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 1,295 665 625 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 1,465 805 660 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 3,670 2,085 1,580 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 25 20 10 600 300 300
Konkani 30 15 10 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 95 55 35 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 485 250 240 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,625 2,055 1,565 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 60 35 25 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 80 45 40 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 3,490 1,815 1,675 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 1,000 560 435 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 40 30 15 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 320 195 130 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 655 360 295 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 40 55 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 3,445 1,600 1,845 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 0 0 0 515 275 240
Italian 550 275 270 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 155 70 90 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 260 100 165 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 2,560 1,200 1,355 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 1,355 745 605
Japanese 415 185 230 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 0 0 0 1,555 770 785
Korean 645 265 380 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 10 0 10 515 225 285
Mongolian 10 10 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 1,965 1,025 940 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 175 95 85 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 20 0 20 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 30 10 25 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 0 0 0 1,340 645 695
Ganda 20 10 15 1,225 550 675
Igbo 400 185 210 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 60 35 30 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 205 120 85 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 45 20 30 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 55 40 15 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 495 300 200 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 20 10 10 730 355 375
Yoruba 395 190 200 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 320 180 140 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 85 50 35 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 40 25 10 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 50 25 20 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 260 90 170 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 85 25 65 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 175 70 110 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,445 2,665 2,785 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 4,990 2,440 2,555 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 1,680 800 875 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 20 0 15 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 3,305 1,615 1,690 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 140 70 70 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 10 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 480 250 230 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 455 225 230 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 140 80 55 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 335 160 175 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 10 0 0 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 320 125 190 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 225 95 135 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 120 50 70 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 240 160 80 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 220 140 75 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 0 0 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 20 10 10 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 915 450 465
Uralic languages 505 215 290 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 0 0 0 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 25 0 20 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 475 205 270 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 155 110 45 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 211,780 104,665 107,115 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 188,160 92,330 95,825 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 41,880 21,330 20,550 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 146,280 71,000 75,280 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 23,625 12,335 11,290 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 211,785 104,660 107,120 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 171,335 84,040 87,300 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 36,145 18,135 18,010 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 4,960 2,420 2,540 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 1,805 890 910 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 2,955 1,410 1,545 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 10,345 5,145 5,195 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 2,875 1,440 1,435 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 7,460 3,705 3,755 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 16,080 8,265 7,820 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 4,305 2,490 1,815 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 36,140 18,135 18,005 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 3,735 1,980 1,755 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 6,345 3,240 3,110 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 6,710 3,220 3,495 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 16,450 8,180 8,270 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 2,905 1,520 1,385 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 36,145 18,135 18,010 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 2,750 1,320 1,430 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 30 15 15 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 45 25 25 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 170 85 85 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 100 50 45 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 20 20 0 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 400 190 210 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 210 110 100 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 55 20 40 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 90 45 50 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,065 470 595 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 555 290 265 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 6,065 2,965 3,095 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 170 75 90 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 195 110 85 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 65 25 40 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 530 250 280 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 310 175 145 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 140 65 75 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 200 110 85 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 265 130 135 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 215 100 110 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 355 160 190 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 30 15 10 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 185 75 110 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 230 100 135 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 95 50 45 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 820 405 415 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,550 770 780 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 710 355 365 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 4,145 2,160 1,980 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 40 30 10 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 165 90 70 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 300 145 150 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 180 95 85 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 65 45 20 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 790 380 405 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 455 260 195 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 435 195 235 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 1,720 920 800 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 23,060 11,620 11,440 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 305 155 150 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 870 460 410 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 2,630 1,220 1,415 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 320 145 175 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 4,255 2,330 1,920 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 200 115 85 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 200 130 70 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 85 30 60 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 395 150 240 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 65 60 0 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 2,565 1,355 1,205 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 7,280 3,455 3,825 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 135 65 70 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 450 225 220 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 75 40 35 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 1,100 545 555 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 2,125 1,135 990 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 130 65 60 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 16,080 8,265 7,820 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 515 260 260 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 0 0 0 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 10 0 10 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 20 10 15 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 0 0 0 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 145 80 60 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 70 35 40 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 160 95 70 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 10 0 0 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 95 40 60 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 1,415 725 690 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 25 10 15 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 20 10 15 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 110 70 40 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 40 25 20 880 400 480
Romania 10 10 0 </