Census Profile, 2016 Census
Calgary, City [Census subdivision], Alberta and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Calgary, CY
Alberta
[Census subdivision]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Calgary, City [Census subdivision], Alberta  Map : Calgary, City [Census subdivision], Alberta
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,239,220 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,096,833 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 13.0 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 489,650 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 466,725 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,501.1 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 825.56 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,239,220 618,245 620,975 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 226,980 116,520 110,460 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 77,985 40,055 37,930 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 79,365 40,865 38,500 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 69,630 35,600 34,030 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 873,835 438,600 435,235 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 69,730 35,750 33,985 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 78,640 39,855 38,785 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 100,140 49,745 50,390 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 109,445 54,705 54,740 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 100,400 49,855 50,540 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 93,405 46,790 46,615 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 87,810 44,415 43,400 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 86,890 43,590 43,295 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 82,265 41,220 41,045 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 65,120 32,675 32,440 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 138,405 63,120 75,285 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 48,920 23,915 25,005 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 31,590 15,040 16,550 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 22,715 10,220 12,495 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 17,315 7,495 9,820 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 17,860 6,455 11,410 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 11,435 4,505 6,930 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 4,925 1,595 3,335 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 1,335 335 1,000 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 160 15 145 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.3 18.8 17.8 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 70.5 70.9 70.1 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 11.2 10.2 12.1 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 1.4 1.0 1.8 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 37.6 37.0 38.2 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 36.7 36.2 37.1 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 466,725 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 262,950 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 32,885 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 168,855 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 29,270 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 44,675 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 21,865 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 72,850 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 200 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 2,030 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 466,725 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 114,185 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 150,820 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 78,495 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 75,330 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 47,890 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,222,325 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,012,245 501,720 510,520 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 596,630 299,175 297,455 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 506,625 254,030 252,600 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 90,005 45,145 44,860 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 415,610 202,545 213,065 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 293,200 160,610 132,585 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 22,285 9,740 12,545 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 62,270 24,270 38,000 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 37,860 7,920 29,935 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 337,125 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 155,535 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 75,950 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 74,800 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 30,835 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 337,125 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 289,540 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 244,545 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 44,990 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 47,580 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 37,090 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 10,500 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 289,540 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 126,120 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 163,420 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 62,440 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 71,345 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 29,630 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 47,585 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 29,415 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 13,510 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 4,660 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 219,585 112,510 107,075 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 466,725 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 310,260 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 115,180 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 195,090 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 12,935 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 143,525 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 114,190 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 29,335 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,227,995 612,735 615,255 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 1,108,175 558,845 549,330 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 1,170 510 660 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 89,400 41,380 48,015 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 29,245 11,995 17,250 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,227,990 612,735 615,260 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 1,172,990 587,775 585,215 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 18,965 9,605 9,365 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 7,405 3,665 3,740 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 28,630 11,690 16,945 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 22,670 11,440 11,230 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.8 1.9 1.8 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,227,990 612,735 615,260 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 1,189,870 594,175 595,695 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 824,965 418,045 406,920 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 806,815 408,850 397,965 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 18,150 9,195 8,955 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 364,905 176,130 188,775 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 690 255 440 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 485 185 300 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 225 85 135 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 190 80 115 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 50 20 30 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 5 355 135 225
Woods Cree 10 0 5 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 125 55 70 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 5 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 10 5 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 60 15 45 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 5 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 55 10 45 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 55 20 30 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 50 20 35 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 5 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 15 10 10 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 5 5 5 5
Gwich'in 5 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 20 5 10 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 5 0 5 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 5 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 5 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 5 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 20 10 10 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 5 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 10 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 5 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 5 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 5 5 25 15 15
Salish languages 5 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 5 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 95 25 65 10 5 5
Dakota 20 10 15 5 5 5
Stoney 70 20 50 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 5 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 10 10 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 364,210 175,875 188,335 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 28,975 15,200 13,775 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 135 75 60 725 405 320
Kabyle 60 30 30 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 70 45 30 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 2,460 1,225 1,240 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 50 25 20 250 140 110
Oromo 940 485 460 1,445 720 730
Somali 1,460 705 755 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 225 115 110
Semitic languages 26,340 13,875 12,465 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 4,050 1,955 2,090 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 18,390 9,875 8,510 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 280 150 130 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 80 40 40 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 70 40 30 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 480 240 240 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 30 15 20 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 2,750 1,460 1,290 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 210 100 110 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 45 30 15 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 13,400 6,260 7,140 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 840 400 435 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 12,550 5,855 6,695 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 0 5 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 46,440 20,160 26,280 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 190 80 105 595 260 330
Cebuano 1,930 825 1,105 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 40 20 15 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 665 260 400 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 2,545 1,110 1,435 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 25 10 15 100 45 55
Malay 765 330 430 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 260 130 130 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 125 50 75 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 39,285 17,065 22,215 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 140 70 75 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 470 195 275 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 605 305 300 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 15 10 5 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 410 205 210 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 180 95 85 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 5,145 2,675 2,470 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 285 140 145 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 2,085 1,075 1,015 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 1,815 960 855 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 930 495 435 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 90 45 45 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 175,540 86,895 88,640 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 1,325 700 625 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 245 125 120 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 29,595 13,845 15,750 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 495 230 265 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 170 75 90 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 325 155 170 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 29,105 13,615 15,485 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 20 10 10 515 230 280
Bosnian 780 390 395 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 925 475 450 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 1,890 930 960 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 1,360 640 725 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 150 75 75 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 7,680 3,610 4,065 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 9,255 4,185 5,070 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 1,815 910 905 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 515 245 265 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 1,075 520 555 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 235 105 135 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 3,345 1,485 1,860 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 30 25 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 115 60 60 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 50 20 25 450 210 240
Welsh 55 30 25 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 225 120 110
Germanic languages 15,660 7,500 8,155 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 800 395 405 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 750 385 370 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 3,435 1,720 1,720 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 30 15 15 1,240 630 620
German 9,895 4,655 5,245 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 60 35 30 210 100 110
Norwegian 225 90 130 940 405 540
Swedish 275 125 155 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 90 45 50 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 80 40 45 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 10 0 170 80 85
Greek 1,470 735 735 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 87,130 44,155 42,975 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 74,315 37,490 36,825 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 4,070 2,080 1,985 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 5,390 2,715 2,675 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 7,050 3,595 3,455 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 80 45 40 345 170 175
Konkani 165 85 85 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 845 435 410 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 1,925 1,010 915 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 100 50 45 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 35,780 18,020 17,760 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 1,675 785 890 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 925 450 470 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 16,320 8,220 8,095 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 11,875 6,170 5,705 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 740 395 345 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 1,610 825 785 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 9,525 4,955 4,570 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 935 490 445 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 39,990 19,765 20,225 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 45 15 30 285 150 135
Italian 5,000 2,550 2,455 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 3,360 1,600 1,760 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 4,495 2,285 2,210 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 27,075 13,310 13,765 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 420 200 215
Japanese 2,310 815 1,495 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 130 70 55 1,200 635 565
Georgian 125 70 55 1,200 635 565
Korean 8,880 4,110 4,770 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 450 210 240 405 180 220
Mongolian 450 210 240 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 5,580 2,865 2,720 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 640 335 305 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 10 5 5 140 60 80
Edo 100 65 40 1,140 475 670
Ewe 60 35 25 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 80 45 35 365 180 185
Ga 55 30 25 600 275 325
Ganda 40 20 20 760 360 400
Igbo 680 365 320 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 85 35 45 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 140 70 75 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 115 60 60 1,330 545 785
Shona 290 145 145 1,455 660 790
Swahili 760 370 390 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 120 65 55 290 145 150
Yoruba 1,375 720 650 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,040 515 525 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,495 735 755 1,610 810 800
Dinka 720 360 360 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 770 375 395 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 235 130 105 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 85 45 45 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 150 90 60 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 68,130 32,075 36,060 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 66,895 31,460 35,430 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 33,700 15,840 17,865 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 340 155 190 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 28,355 13,370 14,985 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 45 20 25 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,675 745 925 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 370 170 195 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,400 1,155 1,245 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,240 610 620 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 260 135 130 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 280 130 150 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 545 280 270 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 145 65 80 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 1,005 365 640 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 430 200 235 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 565 165 400 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 25 10 15
Turkic languages 1,725 945 775 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 240 135 105 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 1,210 685 525 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 60 25 30 515 255 260
Uzbek 70 35 40 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 140 60 75 640 295 345
Uralic languages 3,760 1,810 1,950 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 85 45 45 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 280 105 170 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 3,395 1,655 1,735 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 320 195 130 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 38,125 18,560 19,560 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 3,195 1,530 1,670 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 33,170 16,195 16,975 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 1,005 510 490 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 750 320 430 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,227,990 612,735 615,255 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 1,145,000 572,180 572,820 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 932,600 468,485 464,115 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 924,945 464,585 460,360 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 7,650 3,905 3,750 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 212,405 103,695 108,710 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 185 90 95 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 125 65 60 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 60 30 30 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 60 30 25 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 5 0 5 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 55 30 25 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 5 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 5 10 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 5 10 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5 0 5 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 5 5 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 5 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 5 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 5 0 0 0
Michif 5 5 5 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 25 10 15 5 0 5
Dakota 15 0 5 5 5 0
Stoney 15 10 5 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 212,220 103,610 108,615 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 17,955 9,170 8,785 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 60 35 25 345 175 170
Kabyle 25 15 10 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 1,640 800 845 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 50 25 25 170 80 85
Oromo 705 345 350 805 380 425
Somali 890 425 465 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 110 50 65
Semitic languages 16,240 8,325 7,910 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 2,705 1,295 1,405 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 10,795 5,585 5,200 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 195 95 95 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 70 35 30 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 45 25 25 555 250 305
Hebrew 240 120 120 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 5 0 5 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 2,045 1,085 955 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 145 70 75 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 8,780 4,135 4,645 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 430 210 215 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 8,350 3,920 4,425 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 5 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 24,830 11,580 13,255 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 30 15 20 90 35 55
Cebuano 820 385 430 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 15 10 5 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 205 90 110 910 385 530
Ilocano 1,020 475 545 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 15 5 10 35 15 20
Malay 230 125 105 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 65 30 35 445 200 250
Pangasinan 20 5 10 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 22,235 10,355 11,880 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 50 25 25 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 145 60 85 380 175 200
Creole languages 280 145 140 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 210 110 110 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 35 30 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 3,120 1,590 1,535 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 115 60 55 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 1,280 650 630 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 1,160 585 570 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 550 285 265 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 55 25 30 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 97,370 48,430 48,940 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 610 330 285 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 105 50 55 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 13,305 6,505 6,800 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 230 120 110 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 75 45 35 860 350 515
Lithuanian 150 80 70 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 13,075 6,385 6,695 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 5 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 350 175 175 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 470 240 230 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 675 335 345 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 395 190 200 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 80 35 40 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 3,130 1,515 1,615 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 5,645 2,730 2,915 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 930 455 470 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 175 90 90 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 420 205 210 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 25 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 760 385 370 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 355 160 190
Celtic languages 15 10 5 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 60 30 25
Welsh 5 0 5 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 2,050 965 1,090 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 405 195 215 755 365 390
Danish 60 25 30 280 135 150
Dutch 395 195 200 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 5 0 0 90 45 45
German 1,075 505 580 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 15 10 5 45 20 30
Norwegian 25 10 15 70 30 40
Swedish 50 20 25 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 145 60 85
Yiddish 10 5 5 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 475 225 255 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 58,850 29,535 29,315 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 50,505 25,335 25,170 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 2,715 1,360 1,355 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 3,055 1,530 1,525 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 3,980 2,050 1,930 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 45 25 25 65 30 35
Konkani 35 15 15 540 260 280
Marathi 445 225 215 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 1,330 685 645 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 50 25 20 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 26,985 13,525 13,460 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 720 320 405 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 470 235 240 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 10,685 5,345 5,345 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 7,855 3,950 3,905 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 450 230 220 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 1,030 520 505 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 6,375 3,195 3,175 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 490 250 240 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 21,950 10,805 11,145 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 20 10 15 135 60 75
Italian 1,215 535 680 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 1,645 790 855 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 2,330 1,195 1,135 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 16,740 8,270 8,470 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 1,070 470 600 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 80 45 35 770 420 355
Georgian 80 45 35 775 420 355
Korean 6,340 3,015 3,325 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 280 130 145 225 115 110
Mongolian 280 130 145 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 1,745 840 905 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 300 155 145 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 25 10 15 305 120 180
Ewe 15 5 5 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 45 20 20 110 55 55
Ga 15 10 5 175 80 100
Ganda 0 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 130 65 70 540 265 275
Lingala 25 5 20 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 65 30 30 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 10 15 420 160 260
Shona 95 40 55 455 210 245
Swahili 340 150 185 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 65 35 30 130 65 65
Yoruba 330 160 170 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 265 130 140 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 900 435 465 550 260 290
Dinka 440 215 225 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 460 220 240 425 195 225
Sign languages 315 180 135 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 80 40 40 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 235 140 95 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 46,320 22,040 24,280 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 45,440 21,595 23,845 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 22,030 10,280 11,750 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 100 35 65 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 20,880 10,115 10,765 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 5 5 5 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 670 295 380 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 210 105 100 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,550 770 785 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 875 440 440 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 175 85 85 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 235 105 125 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 400 210 190 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 380 170 215 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 175 80 95 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 195 85 115 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 10 5 10
Turkic languages 975 515 465 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 105 55 45 770 385 380
Turkish 730 390 345 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 40 20 25 290 150 140
Uzbek 55 25 30 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25 250 130 120
Uralic languages 1,300 635 660 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 15 5 10 790 290 500
Finnish 35 20 15 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 1,245 610 635 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 115 70 45 465 245 225
Multiple responses 82,990 40,555 42,435 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 2,155 1,080 1,075 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 79,255 38,725 40,530 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 365 180 190 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 1,210 570 645 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,227,990 612,735 615,260 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 1,014,475 509,200 505,275 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 92,865 46,230 46,640 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 11,900 5,445 6,460 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 104,880 49,940 54,940 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 605 235 370 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 104,275 49,700 54,570 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 645 325 320 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 2,065 1,050 1,015 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 1,135 540 600 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 35 15 15 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 996,060 494,565 501,495 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 945,615 469,550 476,070 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,333 52,567 35,523 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 945,805 469,600 476,200 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,526 45,397 32,360 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 884,260 449,220 435,035 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,209 52,402 34,920 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 544,200 215,790 328,410 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,946 1,859 3,371 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 770,235 400,100 370,135 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,651 52,203 36,026 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 996,120 494,600 501,525 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 946,230 469,750 476,475 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 67,741 85,451 50,281 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 946,390 469,800 476,590 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,891 66,207 41,751 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 884,545 449,360 435,190 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 68,494 86,269 50,141 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 544,120 215,640 328,475 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,455 6,376 6,506 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 770,370 400,145 370,220 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 64,566 79,599 48,317 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 996,115 494,600 501,520 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 361,435 205,885 155,550 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 65,915 73,266 57,818 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 89,570 103,761 70,786 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 94.6 96.6 91.2 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 77.3 79.2 74.1 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 5.4 3.4 8.8 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 996,060 494,560 501,495 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 50,440 25,010 25,425 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 945,615 469,550 476,070 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 94.9 94.9 94.9 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 123,490 48,715 74,780 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 118,360 47,940 70,420 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 107,775 43,800 63,980 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 92,335 41,430 50,905 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 88,770 42,425 46,340 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 76,030 38,275 37,750 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 62,505 33,360 29,145 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 50,165 28,230 21,930 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 40,150 23,135 17,015 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 34,095 19,475 14,620 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 151,945 102,765 49,180 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 83,680 52,265 31,415 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 68,265 50,500 17,770 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 996,060 494,565 501,495 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 50,250 24,960 25,290 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 945,805 469,600 476,200 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 95.0 95.0 95.0 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 126,445 49,655 76,795 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 123,495 50,260 73,235 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 124,575 51,395 73,180 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 115,600 53,865 61,730 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 107,305 53,480 53,820 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 83,880 44,665 39,215 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 62,925 35,635 27,290 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 47,940 27,740 20,200 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 153,640 102,905 50,740 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 36,175 21,090 15,085 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 24,895 15,460 9,435 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 92,575 66,355 26,220 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 996,060 494,560 501,495 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 225,825 94,465 131,365 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 770,235 400,100 370,135 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 77.3 80.9 73.8 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 80,405 36,480 43,935 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 49,695 21,210 28,490 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 84,830 36,960 47,870 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 73,285 31,745 41,545 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 70,585 32,870 37,715 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 69,295 33,670 35,620 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 60,915 30,840 30,075 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 50,390 27,590 22,795 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 41,340 23,475 17,870 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 189,485 125,275 64,215 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 33,865 19,910 13,955 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 29,740 17,070 12,665 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 125,885 88,300 37,590 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 466,725 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 97,334 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 83,074 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 114,185 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,342 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,659 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 352,535 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 115,403 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 98,205 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 466,740 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 137,333 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 109,274 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 114,230 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 71,392 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 56,974 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 352,510 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 158,700 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 126,221 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 466,725 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,100 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,365 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,260 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 9,365 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 13,750 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,680 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,875 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 12,920 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 13,220 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 13,585 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 28,325 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 28,785 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 27,960 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 27,130 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 25,690 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 226,710 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 55,750 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 42,560 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 54,985 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 73,410 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 466,725 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,680 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,435 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,445 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 9,785 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 14,760 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,320 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 14,280 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 15,685 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 16,750 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 17,600 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 35,505 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 35,045 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 33,935 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 31,940 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 28,545 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 183,020 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 57,420 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 40,215 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 85,380 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 331,360 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 113,975 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 96,963 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 113,295 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 106,976 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 90,329 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 163,305 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 135,376 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,195 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 43,290 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,076 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,299 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 331,360 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 159,323 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 126,269 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 113,280 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 154,614 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 121,663 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 163,395 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 183,534 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 144,540 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 42,935 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 88,790 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 74,688 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 187,270 98,085 89,180 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 44,339 47,217 41,240 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 38,945 40,894 36,765 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 186,880 98,015 88,865 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 60,494 65,469 55,006 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 49,024 52,251 45,465 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,222,325 610,570 611,755 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 453,645 221,015 232,630 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 90,080 44,995 45,085 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 80,640 37,540 43,105 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 87,230 41,835 45,390 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 93,300 45,835 47,460 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 102,395 50,805 51,590 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 768,680 389,560 379,125 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 109,200 54,675 54,525 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 117,280 58,930 58,350 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 130,300 65,880 64,420 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 156,320 78,930 77,390 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 255,580 131,145 124,435 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,222,325 610,575 611,755 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 267,250 137,070 130,175 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 93,505 47,960 45,550 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 827,250 413,850 413,395 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 127,825 59,645 68,180 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 113,505 54,495 59,010 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 34,415 17,720 16,695 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 12,405 6,375 6,030 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 68,340 32,690 35,650 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 10,750 4,085 6,665 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 9.3 8.9 9.6 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 12.9 12.9 12.8 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 13.3 13.3 13.2 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 8.3 7.9 8.6 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 8.4 6.8 9.8 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 106,240 52,725 53,510 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 28,440 14,665 13,775 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 10,190 5,245 4,945 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 71,435 35,475 35,960 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 6,365 2,590 3,780 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.7 8.6 8.7 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 10.6 10.7 10.6 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 10.9 10.9 10.9 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 8.6 8.6 8.7 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 5.0 4.3 5.5 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,222,405 610,605 611,800 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 1,193,310 598,385 594,930 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 1,192,105 597,855 594,250 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 90,250 41,750 48,490 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 460,425 223,355 237,065 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 1,140 445 700 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 820 320 500 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 340 115 220 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 395 170 225 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 10 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 90 35 55 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 15 0 10 605 255 350
Woods Cree 55 15 40 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 235 110 115 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 105 40 60 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 90 35 55 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 10 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 130 55 75 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 125 55 70 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 10 10 10 10 0 10
Dene 20 10 10 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 10 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 85 40 50 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 10 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 10 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 35 15 20 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 25 10 10 10 0 10
Inuktitut 10 10 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 10 0 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 10 10 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 20 10 20 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 10 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 115 30 90 40 10 30
Dakota 65 25 35 20 10 10
Stoney 80 20 65 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 10 10 10 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 15 10 10 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 10 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 459,295 222,920 236,375 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 40,620 21,290 19,330 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 200 140 60 925 505 415
Kabyle 110 60 45 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 90 80 10 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 3,580 1,825 1,760 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 65 40 25 355 200 160
Oromo 1,370 715 655 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 2,175 1,085 1,090 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 370 170 205
Semitic languages 37,460 19,700 17,760 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 5,740 2,905 2,835 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 27,555 14,645 12,905 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 300 145 155 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 90 45 50 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 100 50 45 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 1,550 745 810 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 30 20 15 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 3,555 1,925 1,630 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 245 135 110 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 160 90 65 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 17,275 8,245 9,035 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,140 620 520 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 16,190 7,650 8,540 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 58,445 25,225 33,215 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 165 70 100 755 340 425
Cebuano 2,675 1,205 1,475 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 120 65 50 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 920 365 560 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 3,640 1,580 2,065 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 45 15 25 215 115 100
Malay 1,440 675 765 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 415 205 210 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 205 80 120 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 55,265 23,695 31,570 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 190 70 115 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 555 230 320 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 1,665 820 845 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 35 20 15 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 1,070 535 540 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 565 270 295 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 7,040 3,690 3,355 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 530 270 270 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 2,475 1,305 1,170 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 3,165 1,655 1,505 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 1,290 675 615 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 70 35 35 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 85 40 40 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 231,885 115,155 116,730 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 1,680 885 795 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 295 165 130 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 34,560 16,785 17,780 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 585 280 310 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 230 110 115 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 355 165 195 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 34,195 16,615 17,580 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 70 30 40 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 1,230 655 575 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 1,075 575 500 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 2,515 1,245 1,275 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 1,620 770 855 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 270 145 120 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 8,920 4,255 4,660 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 13,255 6,395 6,860 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 2,305 1,140 1,160 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 570 305 260 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 1,460 800 655 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 285 130 150 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 4,455 2,020 2,440 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 440 210 235 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 165 75 90 1,480 720 765
Welsh 90 50 35 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 190 75 115 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 24,095 11,910 12,185 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 1,650 890 755 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 930 445 490 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 4,235 2,085 2,150 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 55 25 30 1,655 820 835
German 16,720 8,360 8,360 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 80 40 40 285 130 155
Norwegian 450 175 280 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 600 280 320 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 110 60 50 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 175 95 80 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 60 20 40 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 2,310 1,165 1,145 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 108,445 55,085 53,365 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 96,045 48,500 47,545 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 4,990 2,500 2,485 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 8,355 4,065 4,290 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 28,410 14,550 13,855 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 60 45 20 600 300 300
Konkani 375 195 180 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 1,545 800 740 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 2,215 1,225 990 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 150 70 75 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 47,135 23,930 23,205 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 2,630 1,160 1,475 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,355 680 685 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 24,965 12,745 12,225 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 13,280 6,975 6,310 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 950 525 430 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 2,160 1,165 995 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 10,520 5,530 4,995 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,135 615 525 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 65,745 31,920 33,825 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 70 40 30 515 275 240
Italian 8,875 4,385 4,485 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 4,955 2,430 2,525 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 5,580 2,885 2,695 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 48,685 23,475 25,205 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 70 40 30 1,355 745 605
Japanese 4,140 1,865 2,275 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 125 75 50 1,555 775 780
Georgian 125 75 55 1,555 770 785
Korean 9,895 4,585 5,305 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 650 305 345 515 225 285
Mongolian 655 305 345 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 11,365 5,780 5,585 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 1,045 560 485 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 15 10 10 385 195 185
Edo 215 130 85 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 70 30 35 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 130 75 60 700 320 375
Ga 85 55 35 1,340 645 695
Ganda 75 30 45 1,225 550 675
Igbo 1,430 750 685 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 420 225 195 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 170 95 75 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 105 40 60 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 475 205 270 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 2,290 1,145 1,150 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 330 195 135 730 355 375
Yoruba 3,260 1,670 1,595 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,055 995 1,060 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,650 760 890 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 785 385 405 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 875 385 490 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 1,495 630 870 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 805 305 500 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 710 335 370 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 78,985 37,685 41,305 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 77,495 36,955 40,540 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 42,445 20,090 22,355 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 425 180 245 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 38,805 18,290 20,515 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 65 35 25 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,350 990 1,360 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 570 245 320 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,020 1,485 1,540 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,520 730 785 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 345 160 185 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 295 145 150 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 805 400 395 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 150 60 95 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 1,330 550 780 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 555 255 300 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 840 320 520 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 2,525 1,340 1,185 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 350 165 180 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 1,650 940 710 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 130 65 70 700 350 345
Uzbek 250 110 135 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 205 95 110 915 450 465
Uralic languages 4,550 2,185 2,360 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 110 50 60 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 300 140 160 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 4,135 1,995 2,135 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 770 435 335 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,222,405 610,605 611,795 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,075,485 539,490 535,990 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 242,840 124,485 118,360 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 832,640 415,005 417,635 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 146,925 71,120 75,805 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,222,405 610,610 611,795 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 813,490 411,785 401,705 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 383,065 185,855 197,210 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 63,925 31,830 32,095 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 38,270 18,190 20,075 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 64,815 31,015 33,800 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 126,390 61,375 65,015 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 56,820 27,785 29,035 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 69,570 33,590 35,985 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 89,665 43,440 46,220 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 25,850 12,965 12,880 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 383,065 185,855 197,210 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 34,960 17,830 17,130 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 64,790 33,705 31,085 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 74,550 34,270 40,285 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 172,855 83,030 89,820 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 35,905 17,020 18,880 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 383,060 185,855 197,205 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 41,020 19,550 21,465 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 1,420 640 780 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 5,580 2,645 2,935 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 2,335 1,180 1,155 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 825 410 415 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 490 260 235 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 2,835 1,280 1,550 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 4,110 2,050 2,055 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 1,080 440 635 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 1,375 655 720 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 10,715 4,915 5,800 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 10,265 5,080 5,185 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 72,990 36,520 36,470 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,945 990 955 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 1,220 635 580 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 1,200 585 610 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 5,710 2,725 2,985 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 890 470 425 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 1,840 925 920 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,620 850 765 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 3,625 1,950 1,675 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 2,890 1,540 1,355 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 6,420 3,030 3,390 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 1,075 480 590 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 4,250 2,135 2,115 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 3,875 1,685 2,195 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,060 530 530 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 2,855 1,315 1,545 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 22,150 11,440 10,705 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 10,360 5,230 5,135 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 39,220 20,070 19,155 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 745 400 340 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 2,850 1,515 1,330 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 5,195 2,565 2,625 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 2,610 1,275 1,330 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 660 340 315 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 7,385 3,830 3,560 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 1,340 635 710 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 2,655 1,395 1,265 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 15,790 8,115 7,675 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 226,295 107,935 118,360 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 3,200 1,715 1,480 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 3,110 1,595 1,515 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 34,550 15,930 18,620 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 10,925 5,310 5,615 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 44,365 22,305 22,060 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 5,675 2,920 2,755 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 3,545 1,895 1,650 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 1,490 435 1,055 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 6,980 3,265 3,715 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 4,130 2,190 1,940 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 17,090 8,885 8,205 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 51,550 22,480 29,065 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 1,965 1,010 955 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 2,150 1,125 1,025 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 2,185 925 1,255 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 14,875 6,955 7,920 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 18,515 9,005 9,515 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 3,535 1,775 1,755 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 89,665 43,445 46,220 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 8,735 4,390 4,340 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 510 230 285 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 1,250 600 650 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 125 60 65 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 140 95 50 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 425 220 210 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 1,790 960 835 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,875 900 975 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 1,105 540 560 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 1,505 785 715 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 8,680 4,445 4,235 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 270 155 115 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 420 195 225 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 575 360 210 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 420 240 180 880 400 480
Romania