Census Profile, 2016 Census
Edmonton, City [Census subdivision], Alberta and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Edmonton, CY
Alberta
[Census subdivision]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Edmonton, City [Census subdivision], Alberta  Map : Edmonton, City [Census subdivision], Alberta
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 932,546 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 812,201 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 14.8 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 387,950 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 360,828 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,360.9 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 685.25 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 932,545 465,890 466,655 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 164,520 84,150 80,370 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 60,070 30,600 29,470 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 56,100 28,710 27,385 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 48,350 24,835 23,515 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 655,590 331,860 323,735 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 50,850 26,010 24,840 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 69,115 34,880 34,235 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 85,410 43,425 41,980 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 84,785 43,135 41,645 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 72,790 37,215 35,580 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 62,770 31,950 30,820 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 58,900 29,880 29,025 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 61,825 31,045 30,780 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 59,620 29,820 29,795 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 49,530 24,505 25,030 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 112,440 49,880 62,555 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 37,215 18,145 19,075 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 24,635 11,330 13,300 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 19,090 8,470 10,620 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 15,165 6,315 8,850 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 16,325 5,620 10,710 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 10,225 3,900 6,325 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 4,710 1,415 3,290 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 1,210 275 935 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 190 30 160 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.6 18.1 17.2 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 70.3 71.2 69.4 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 12.1 10.7 13.4 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 1.8 1.2 2.3 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 37.7 36.9 38.5 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 35.7 35.2 36.4 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 360,825 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 180,215 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 25,790 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 152,175 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 22,215 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 36,075 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 10,010 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 83,775 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 95 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 2,650 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 360,825 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 98,055 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 117,110 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 58,810 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 51,650 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 35,210 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 913,580 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 768,030 381,740 386,290 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 425,750 214,060 211,695 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 353,525 177,855 175,670 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 72,230 36,205 36,025 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 342,280 167,675 174,600 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 240,470 133,020 107,450 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 18,430 7,930 10,495 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 48,940 19,925 29,010 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 34,440 6,795 27,645 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 247,020 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 118,670 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 55,525 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 50,160 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 22,665 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 247,015 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 205,460 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 169,350 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 36,110 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 41,555 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 32,765 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 8,795 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 205,460 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 92,955 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 112,505 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 44,450 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 46,910 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 21,140 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 41,560 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 25,715 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 11,070 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 4,770 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 186,840 98,305 88,530 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 360,825 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 228,005 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 85,555 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 142,450 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 9,235 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 123,585 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 98,055 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 25,530 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 921,060 460,380 460,675 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 833,125 419,990 413,135 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 1,490 645 845 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 66,575 31,780 34,790 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 19,875 7,970 11,905 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 921,060 460,380 460,675 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 876,540 439,555 436,990 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 18,805 9,885 8,920 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 6,325 3,240 3,085 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 19,395 7,710 11,685 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 21,965 11,505 10,465 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.4 2.5 2.3 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 921,060 460,380 460,675 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 891,125 445,760 445,370 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 605,695 307,085 298,615 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 587,995 297,745 290,245 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 17,705 9,335 8,365 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 285,430 138,675 146,750 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 2,010 755 1,255 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 1,610 610 1,005 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 35 5 20 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 1,495 565 925 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 5 5 5 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 15 5 10 55 25 30
Plains Cree 300 100 200 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 20 5 15 355 135 225
Woods Cree 130 55 75 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 1,030 400 625 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 5 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 80 30 50 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 5 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 75 25 45 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 200 65 135 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 200 70 130 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 5 0 5 0 0 0
Carrier 5 0 5 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 5 0 5 0 5
Dene 130 45 85 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 15 5 15 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 5 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 40 15 25 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 5 0 10 0 0 0
South Slavey 20 5 15 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 10 5 5 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 5 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 5 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 40 10 30 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 5 5 5
Inuktitut 20 10 15 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 5 5 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 25 15 15 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 5 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 85 30 60 10 5 5
Dakota 40 15 30 5 5 5
Stoney 45 20 30 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 5 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 5 0 5 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 5 0 5 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 15 10 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 283,420 137,920 145,495 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 30,335 15,820 14,515 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 130 75 60 725 405 320
Kabyle 75 45 30 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 7,890 3,960 3,930 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 245 140 105 250 140 110
Oromo 1,120 580 540 1,445 720 730
Somali 6,500 3,230 3,270 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 225 115 110
Semitic languages 22,250 11,745 10,500 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 2,485 1,205 1,280 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 16,695 8,925 7,770 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 65 30 35 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 35 20 10 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 170 85 80 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 390 210 175 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 20 10 10 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 2,315 1,215 1,100 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 40 30 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 65 35 25 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 9,400 4,350 5,045 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 745 355 395 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 8,645 3,995 4,650 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 37,650 16,545 21,110 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 95 45 50 595 260 330
Cebuano 1,775 750 1,020 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 50 25 20 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 485 215 270 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 1,680 720 960 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 10 0 5 100 45 55
Malay 460 210 255 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 310 145 165 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 95 40 55 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 32,355 14,230 18,120 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 70 35 35 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 270 120 145 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 975 505 465 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 50 25 25 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 590 330 265 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 325 155 175 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 6,440 3,340 3,100 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 195 95 95 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 3,315 1,700 1,615 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 2,025 1,065 960 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 890 465 420 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 10 5 5 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 132,415 65,745 66,670 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 735 405 335 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 155 80 75 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 29,065 13,530 15,540 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 255 115 140 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 120 55 65 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 135 60 75 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 28,815 13,420 15,395 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 35 15 15 515 230 280
Bosnian 685 345 340 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 430 230 205 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 1,735 910 825 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 675 335 340 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 170 90 80 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 8,095 3,775 4,325 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 5,065 2,360 2,700 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 1,680 845 835 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 340 170 170 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 460 235 225 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 240 110 125 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 9,125 3,965 5,170 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 85 50 35 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 45 25 15 450 210 240
Welsh 15 10 5 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 225 120 110
Germanic languages 13,130 6,150 6,985 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 330 170 165 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 450 215 235 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 2,440 1,190 1,255 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 60 35 25 1,240 630 620
German 9,380 4,340 5,045 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 30 15 15 210 100 110
Norwegian 145 60 85 940 405 540
Swedish 185 85 105 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 45 20 25 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 55 30 25 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 920 505 420 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 61,115 31,380 29,735 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 54,775 28,055 26,720 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 2,275 1,200 1,080 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 5,540 2,870 2,670 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 8,010 4,020 3,995 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 20 10 10 345 170 175
Konkani 145 75 70 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 505 260 245 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 1,895 990 905 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 70 40 35 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 26,425 13,570 12,855 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 905 420 480 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,180 615 565 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 7,810 3,985 3,825 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 6,070 3,180 2,890 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 740 410 335 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 625 330 300 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 4,700 2,445 2,255 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 275 145 125 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 27,195 13,650 13,545 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 25 10 10 285 150 135
Italian 4,240 2,070 2,170 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 4,055 1,980 2,075 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 2,300 1,150 1,145 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 16,570 8,435 8,135 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 420 200 215
Japanese 940 310 630 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 60 35 25 1,200 635 565
Georgian 60 40 25 1,200 635 565
Korean 5,995 2,850 3,145 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 80 35 40 405 180 220
Mongolian 80 35 40 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 6,985 3,530 3,455 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 840 435 405 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 15 10 5 140 60 80
Edo 135 70 70 1,140 475 670
Ewe 115 70 45 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 135 70 60 365 180 185
Ga 65 40 25 600 275 325
Ganda 205 105 100 760 360 400
Igbo 305 160 145 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 150 75 80 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 390 190 200 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 605 300 305 1,330 545 785
Shona 520 255 265 1,455 660 790
Swahili 1,185 575 605 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 130 85 45 290 145 150
Yoruba 665 370 300 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,525 720 810 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 735 380 360 1,610 810 800
Dinka 330 170 160 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 405 210 200 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 295 150 140 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 145 70 80 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 150 85 65 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 46,565 22,055 24,510 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 45,890 21,695 24,200 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 22,015 10,305 11,705 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 600 285 315 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 19,460 9,270 10,190 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 65 25 40 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,210 550 660 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 225 115 115 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,285 1,130 1,155 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 30 5 15 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 675 360 315 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 130 70 60 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 425 230 195 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 20 15 10 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 95 45 55 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 895 355 540 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 360 180 180 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 525 170 350 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 25 10 15
Turkic languages 1,975 1,095 875 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 110 65 45 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 1,665 925 745 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 50 30 20 515 255 260
Uzbek 105 60 45 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 640 295 345
Uralic languages 1,450 685 760 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 30 10 20 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 160 65 95 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 1,255 610 645 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 220 130 95 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 29,935 14,625 15,305 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 2,715 1,335 1,380 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 25,555 12,460 13,090 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 1,115 550 560 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 555 280 280 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 921,060 460,385 460,675 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 855,580 428,305 427,270 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 691,360 347,590 343,760 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 683,370 343,475 339,900 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 7,990 4,125 3,865 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 164,220 80,715 83,510 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 415 195 230 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 355 165 190 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 10 5 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 330 150 175 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 15 5 5 20 10 15
Plains Cree 50 20 30 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 15 5 15 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 245 115 130 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 5 5 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 10 10 5 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 20 5 15 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 20 5 15 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 15 5 10 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 5 0 5 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 5 0 5 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 5 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 25 15 15 5 0 5
Dakota 10 5 10 5 5 0
Stoney 15 10 10 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 10 5 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 163,805 80,520 83,280 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 19,955 10,125 9,830 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 95 45 50 345 175 170
Kabyle 50 25 25 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 5,840 2,925 2,910 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 215 125 90 170 80 85
Oromo 885 450 435 805 380 425
Somali 4,730 2,345 2,380 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 110 50 65
Semitic languages 14,005 7,145 6,865 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 1,695 805 890 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 10,255 5,280 4,970 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 30 15 20 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 15 10 10 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 115 55 60 555 250 305
Hebrew 190 100 95 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 10 5 5 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 1,650 855 795 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 6,150 2,840 3,310 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 390 180 200 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 5,760 2,655 3,105 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 20,395 9,600 10,795 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 15 10 5 90 35 55
Cebuano 765 365 400 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 25 15 10 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 180 80 100 910 385 530
Ilocano 565 265 300 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 5 5 0 35 15 20
Malay 120 55 65 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 125 60 65 445 200 250
Pangasinan 15 5 10 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 18,485 8,690 9,795 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 10 0 5 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 80 40 40 380 175 200
Creole languages 555 285 275 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 40 20 20 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 375 195 180 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 140 70 75 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 4,235 2,180 2,055 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 75 35 40 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 2,260 1,160 1,105 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 1,355 715 635 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 540 270 270 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 10 5 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 70,050 35,140 34,910 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 355 190 165 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 75 35 35 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 11,655 5,675 5,980 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 90 45 50 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 40 20 25 860 350 515
Lithuanian 50 25 25 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 11,565 5,635 5,935 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 10 5 5 175 80 90
Bosnian 295 150 145 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 265 140 130 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 830 430 405 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 210 110 105 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 85 45 40 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 3,475 1,625 1,845 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 2,940 1,455 1,485 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 950 475 470 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 105 55 55 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 130 65 65 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 60 35 25 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 2,190 1,045 1,140 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 355 160 190
Celtic languages 10 5 5 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 5 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 1,785 850 935 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 145 70 75 755 365 390
Danish 30 15 15 280 135 150
Dutch 140 65 75 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 1,385 660 725 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 15 10 10 45 20 30
Norwegian 10 0 10 70 30 40
Swedish 45 20 30 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 5 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 325 165 165 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 41,435 21,030 20,405 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 37,435 19,010 18,425 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 1,425 735 690 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 3,555 1,810 1,750 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 4,875 2,470 2,400 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 5 65 30 35
Konkani 35 20 20 540 260 280
Marathi 315 160 155 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 1,335 700 635 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 35 20 15 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 19,800 10,075 9,725 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 450 220 225 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 705 370 340 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 4,900 2,425 2,470 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 3,885 1,970 1,920 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 370 195 170 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 405 210 185 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 3,120 1,565 1,555 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 110 50 65 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 14,410 7,190 7,220 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 15 5 10 135 60 75
Italian 1,345 610 735 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 1,800 855 945 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 1,245 620 625 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 10,005 5,100 4,905 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 110 50 60
Japanese 425 170 255 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 50 25 25 770 420 355
Georgian 50 30 25 775 420 355
Korean 4,380 2,145 2,235 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 50 20 30 225 115 110
Mongolian 50 20 25 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 2,845 1,375 1,470 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 425 200 220 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 35 15 15 305 120 180
Ewe 40 25 20 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 55 30 20 110 55 55
Ga 15 10 5 175 80 100
Ganda 75 35 40 195 85 110
Igbo 80 40 45 540 265 275
Lingala 35 15 20 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 195 90 105 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 285 150 135 420 160 260
Shona 200 90 110 455 210 245
Swahili 580 275 305 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 85 45 40 130 65 65
Yoruba 265 140 130 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 470 215 260 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 365 185 180 550 260 290
Dinka 200 110 90 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 165 75 90 425 195 225
Sign languages 385 220 160 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 165 85 80 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 5 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 215 140 85 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 31,760 15,075 16,690 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 31,240 14,800 16,435 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 14,485 6,700 7,780 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 215 90 120 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 14,460 7,025 7,430 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 10 5 5 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 540 225 310 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 120 60 55 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,410 690 720 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 525 275 250 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 90 50 40 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 355 190 165 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 20 10 10 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 60 25 35 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 430 205 220 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 175 85 90 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 245 115 130 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 10 5 10
Turkic languages 1,260 670 585 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 45 25 20 770 385 380
Turkish 1,110 590 520 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 30 20 10 290 150 140
Uzbek 65 30 30 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 250 130 120
Uralic languages 430 205 225 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 5 0 0 790 290 500
Finnish 25 10 15 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 405 195 210 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 465 245 225
Multiple responses 65,480 32,075 33,405 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 2,070 1,045 1,015 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 61,650 30,160 31,485 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 545 265 280 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 1,220 600 620 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 921,065 460,385 460,680 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 749,235 376,135 373,095 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 73,015 36,560 36,455 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 9,560 4,575 4,985 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 85,880 41,390 44,490 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 1,815 715 1,105 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 84,065 40,675 43,390 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 655 335 315 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 1,795 935 855 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 890 435 460 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 45 25 15 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 749,380 373,235 376,150 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 712,245 354,980 357,260 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,836 51,506 33,820 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 712,370 355,010 357,370 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,352 44,584 31,031 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 656,950 335,805 321,145 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,821 51,517 33,069 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 432,325 178,805 253,525 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,567 2,571 4,014 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 576,325 301,585 274,740 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,069 52,280 34,903 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 749,395 373,375 376,020 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 712,520 355,075 357,440 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 57,032 69,876 44,272 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 712,670 355,105 357,560 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,823 55,986 37,723 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 657,115 335,780 321,335 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 57,236 70,309 43,574 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 431,590 178,230 253,360 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,011 6,751 7,194 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 576,330 301,010 275,315 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,801 65,829 42,745 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 749,395 373,375 376,020 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 267,435 151,130 116,305 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 62,030 69,850 54,443 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 74,180 84,054 61,348 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 92.6 95.2 88.5 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 77.4 79.6 73.9 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 7.4 4.8 11.5 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 749,380 373,230 376,145 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 37,140 18,250 18,890 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 712,245 354,980 357,260 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 95.0 95.1 95.0 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 89,175 35,580 53,600 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 93,515 36,960 56,560 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 86,675 34,500 52,175 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 73,335 32,130 41,210 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 70,490 33,175 37,320 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 62,445 31,450 31,000 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 51,365 28,510 22,855 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 40,570 24,485 16,085 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 31,440 19,520 11,920 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 26,250 16,215 10,035 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 86,985 62,475 24,510 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 58,565 40,680 17,890 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 28,415 21,795 6,625 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 749,380 373,230 376,150 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 37,010 18,225 18,780 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 712,375 355,010 357,365 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 95.1 95.1 95.0 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 90,875 36,085 54,790 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 97,655 38,725 58,930 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 100,035 40,460 59,575 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 92,180 42,085 50,095 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 87,355 43,450 43,910 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 69,290 38,480 30,810 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 49,970 30,460 19,510 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 36,960 23,005 13,955 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 88,055 62,255 25,800 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 27,180 17,610 9,565 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 17,325 11,960 5,365 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 43,555 32,685 10,870 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 749,380 373,235 376,145 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 173,050 71,650 101,405 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 576,330 301,585 274,740 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 76.9 80.8 73.0 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 56,045 24,765 31,275 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 37,925 15,895 22,030 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 65,325 27,965 37,360 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 55,825 23,765 32,065 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 55,460 25,405 30,050 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 55,750 26,865 28,885 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 51,430 26,250 25,175 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 42,090 24,000 18,090 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 34,395 21,275 13,120 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 122,080 85,395 36,685 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 27,055 17,255 9,800 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 23,455 14,625 8,825 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 71,570 53,520 18,055 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 360,830 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 87,225 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 75,057 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 98,055 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,935 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,497 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 262,770 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 106,260 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,076 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 360,830 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 112,619 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 92,480 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 98,075 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 59,678 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 48,955 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 262,755 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 132,380 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 108,726 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 360,830 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 5,945 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,715 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,165 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 8,960 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 12,595 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,135 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 10,675 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,685 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 11,660 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 11,920 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 24,290 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 24,405 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 23,325 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 21,765 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 20,695 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 153,885 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,970 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 33,125 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 40,385 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 36,400 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 360,830 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,225 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,770 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,285 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 9,320 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 13,480 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 11,560 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 12,875 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,125 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 14,795 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 15,210 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 30,590 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 29,205 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 27,310 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 25,495 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 22,435 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 119,135 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 44,215 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 29,245 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 45,675 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 244,435 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 105,101 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 90,025 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 83,525 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 100,821 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,642 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 112,650 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 125,416 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,474 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 38,025 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,791 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,914 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 244,235 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 132,588 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 108,579 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 83,505 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 132,253 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 106,714 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 112,720 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 153,451 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 125,412 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 37,770 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 76,259 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 65,861 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 157,810 84,815 72,995 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 41,697 45,587 37,593 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 36,995 39,683 34,027 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 157,765 84,825 72,940 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 52,314 56,488 47,461 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 43,421 46,146 40,252 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 913,580 457,210 456,375 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 375,455 181,915 193,540 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 76,415 37,485 38,930 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 69,260 32,005 37,250 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 71,660 34,285 37,375 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 75,965 37,405 38,565 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 82,150 40,730 41,420 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 538,125 275,295 262,835 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 87,485 43,610 43,875 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 93,285 47,125 46,160 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 102,770 52,610 50,160 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 118,060 60,660 57,400 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 136,525 71,290 65,235 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 913,580 457,210 456,375 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 193,235 98,860 94,380 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 71,515 36,475 35,035 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 619,535 312,185 307,350 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 100,815 46,170 54,650 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 99,735 47,255 52,480 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 31,190 15,955 15,240 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 12,270 6,280 5,985 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 59,930 28,155 31,770 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 8,620 3,145 5,470 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 10.9 10.3 11.5 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 16.1 16.1 16.1 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 17.2 17.2 17.1 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 9.7 9.0 10.3 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 8.6 6.8 10.0 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 91,090 44,565 46,520 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 25,155 12,830 12,320 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 9,920 5,070 4,850 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 61,135 29,895 31,240 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 4,800 1,840 2,955 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.0 9.7 10.2 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 13.0 13.0 13.1 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 13.9 13.9 13.8 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 9.9 9.6 10.2 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 4.8 4.0 5.4 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 913,585 457,210 456,375 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 893,915 449,325 444,585 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 892,545 448,740 443,805 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 67,445 31,990 35,455 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 357,820 174,580 183,240 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 3,660 1,475 2,185 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 3,100 1,195 1,910 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 40 10 30 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 2,960 1,145 1,815 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 20 0 15 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 10 0 15 65 25 45
Plains Cree 855 310 540 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 25 10 15 605 255 350
Woods Cree 215 100 115 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 1,840 715 1,120 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 10 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 10 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 125 40 90 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 125 35 85 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 270 115 160 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 275 115 160 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 10 0 0 0
Carrier 25 10 15 10 0 10
Chilcotin 10 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 175 70 105 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 40 25 20 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 35 20 10 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 20 10 10 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 10 0 10 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 10 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 60 30 35 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 15 0 15 10 0 10
Inuktitut 30 15 20 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 10 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 10 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 50 30 20 180 65 110
Salish languages 25 10 15 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 10 10 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 10 10 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 10 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 145 80 70 40 10 30
Dakota 70 40 30 20 10 10
Stoney 85 45 40 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 10 10 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 20 10 10 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 10 10 0 10
Nisga'a 15 10 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 354,280 173,170 181,110 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 43,075 22,315 20,760 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 205 105 100 925 505 415
Kabyle 85 45 40 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 9,765 4,975 4,785 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 245 140 100 355 200 160
Oromo 1,200 645 560 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 8,370 4,215 4,155 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 370 170 205
Semitic languages 34,290 17,870 16,425 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 4,040 2,055 1,985 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 26,705 14,050 12,660 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 60 35 25 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 20 15 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 240 95 140 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 1,390 730 660 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 40 20 20 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 3,120 1,580 1,535 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 155 85 70 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 150 85 65 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 12,500 5,840 6,660 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,065 510 555 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 11,485 5,355 6,125 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 47,290 20,890 26,395 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 60 25 30 755 340 425
Cebuano 2,290 1,035 1,250 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 130 85 50 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 475 190 280 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 2,190 930 1,260 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 15 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 1,105 510 595 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 485 220 270 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 165 70 95 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 44,790 19,725 25,065 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 105 35 70 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 410 170 240 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 2,015 1,085 920 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 115 65 50 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 1,205 670 535 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 705 365 340 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 8,495 4,470 4,025 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 340 165 175 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 4,390 2,250 2,140 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 2,960 1,610 1,350 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 1,295 690 605 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 65 35 25 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 30 15 10 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 169,120 84,245 84,875 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 880 485 395 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 185 75 110 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 33,535 15,825 17,710 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 420 200 220 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 195 90 105 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 225 110 115 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 33,305 15,715 17,585 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 95 45 45 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 1,110 540 570 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 465 240 230 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 2,460 1,350 1,105 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 800 355 445 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 220 105 120 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 9,790 4,765 5,015 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 8,175 3,885 4,295 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 2,305 1,110 1,195 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 420 200 215 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 540 295 240 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 220 115 100 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 11,210 4,785 6,425 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 90 45 50 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 330 205 125 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 125 65 55 1,480 720 765
Welsh 65 45 20 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 145 95 50 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 18,965 9,315 9,655 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 795 395 405 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 475 220 250 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 2,860 1,390 1,475 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 65 45 25 1,655 820 835
German 14,295 7,110 7,180 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 35 15 20 285 130 155
Norwegian 315 125 195 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 410 210 200 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 35 10 25 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 70 35 35 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 1,300 635 665 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 75,425 38,920 36,505 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 68,980 35,490 33,485 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 2,760 1,460 1,300 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 7,275 3,620 3,655 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 26,305 13,735 12,570 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 50 30 20 600 300 300
Konkani 125 50 75 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 815 450 365 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 1,925 1,040 880 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 100 55 45 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 34,305 17,695 16,605 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 1,675 770 910 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,695 860 835 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 11,850 6,170 5,675 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 6,935 3,670 3,265 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 855 520 335 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 790 435 355 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 5,510 2,865 2,645 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 450 250 210 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 42,430 20,840 21,585 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 75 40 35 515 275 240
Italian 7,250 3,610 3,640 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 5,290 2,615 2,670 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 2,795 1,435 1,360 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 28,510 13,865 14,650 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 85 40 40 1,355 745 605
Japanese 2,140 930 1,200 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 60 20 35 1,555 775 780
Georgian 60 25 40 1,555 770 785
Korean 6,685 3,155 3,530 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 150 65 80 515 225 285
Mongolian 145 65 80 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 12,615 6,395 6,215 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 1,370 680 690 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 25 15 15 385 195 185
Edo 250 115 130 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 150 80 70 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 155 80 80 700 320 375
Ga 185 100 85 1,340 645 695
Ganda 425 205 215 1,225 550 675
Igbo 600 330 270 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 700 340 360 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 580 280 305 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 895 470 425 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 895 440 450 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 3,380 1,800 1,580 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 225 135 90 730 355 375
Yoruba 1,555 805 745 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,115 1,515 1,600 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 925 455 465 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 570 260 310 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 355 195 160 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 2,075 835 1,240 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 1,245 450 800 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 840 385 450 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 53,530 25,835 27,690 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 52,725 25,415 27,305 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 27,980 13,370 14,610 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 660 285 370 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 27,395 13,080 14,315 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 20 10 15 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,535 690 850 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 255 120 135 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,330 1,180 1,155 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 830 430 395 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 235 120 110 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 450 230 225 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 45 20 20 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 150 80 70 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 1,085 445 640 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 515 240 275 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 650 220 430 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 2,785 1,535 1,255 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 225 120 105 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 2,290 1,275 1,020 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 145 70 75 700 350 345
Uzbek 145 80 70 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 915 450 465
Uralic languages 1,815 850 965 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 25 15 10 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 290 95 190 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 1,505 735 765 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 640 370 275 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 913,585 457,210 456,370 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 793,725 397,565 396,165 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 173,215 88,605 84,610 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 620,515 308,960 311,555 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 119,860 59,645 60,215 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 913,585 457,210 456,370 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 613,865 309,585 304,280 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 274,360 134,350 140,005 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 48,220 24,090 24,135 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 30,460 15,010 15,455 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 43,245 20,325 22,915 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 80,875 39,850 41,025 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 33,690 16,395 17,295 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 47,185 23,450 23,730 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 71,555 35,075 36,480 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 25,360 13,275 12,085 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 274,355 134,350 140,010 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 25,255 13,065 12,190 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 45,825 23,775 22,050 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 56,420 25,910 30,510 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 123,445 60,725 62,715 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 23,410 10,870 12,540 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 274,355 134,350 140,010 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 26,650 12,960 13,685 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 655 270 390 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 2,455 1,260 1,195 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 2,895 1,465 1,430 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 1,265 575 690 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 505 275 230 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 2,510 1,155 1,355 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 2,045 1,040 1,010 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 475 190 290 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 1,405 690 710 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 6,230 3,005 3,220 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 6,205 3,030 3,175 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 49,280 24,425 24,850 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,815 925 890 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 1,255 655 600 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 575 265 310 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 4,745 2,340 2,405 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 560 320 235 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 755 370 385 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 975 550 425 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 3,050 1,590 1,460 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 2,200 1,200 1,000 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 6,965 3,355 3,610 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 2,335 1,160 1,170 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 2,130 1,085 1,045 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 1,975 870 1,100 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 810 360 450 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 3,445 1,520 1,925 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 10,175 5,190 4,980 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 5,520 2,670 2,855 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 35,155 18,180 16,970 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 350 185 170 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 1,860 1,045 820 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 3,950 2,020 1,935 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 1,840 955 885 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 775 480 295 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 3,045 1,610 1,430 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 4,570 2,250 2,320 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 1,715 825 890 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 17,050 8,820 8,230 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 159,590 76,970 82,620 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 1,455 750 705 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 1,555 785 775 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 19,150 8,790 10,360 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 7,145 3,460 3,685 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 37,035 18,895 18,140 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 2,525 1,350 1,180 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 1,965 1,060 905 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 590 160 425 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 4,640 2,175 2,465 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 4,690 2,530 2,160 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 7,950 4,085 3,870 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 40,585 17,950 22,635 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 2,000 990 1,015 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,985 1,080 895 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 965 420 545 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 10,180 4,775 5,405 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 15,180 7,720 7,460 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 3,685 1,805 1,875 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 71,555 35,070 36,480 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 5,095 2,450 2,645 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 210 90 120 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 515 225 295 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 200 95 110 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 170 95 75 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 630 275 350 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 820 440 390 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,205 570 635 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 210 75 135 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 1,135 590 545 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 5,825 2,970 2,860 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 90 45 45 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 385 215 170 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 370 250 125 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 175 70 95 880 400 480
Romania