Census Profile, 2016 Census
Edmonton, City [Census subdivision], Alberta and Manitoba [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Edmonton, CY
Alberta
[Census subdivision]
Manitoba

[Province]
Data quality , Edmonton, City [Census subdivision], Alberta  Map : Edmonton, City [Census subdivision], Alberta
Change geography 1
Data quality : Manitoba [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 932,546 ... ... 1,278,365 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 812,201 ... ... 1,208,268 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 14.8 ... ... 5.8 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 387,950 ... ... 539,748 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 360,828 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,360.9 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 685.25 ... ... 552,370.99 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 932,545 465,890 466,655 1,278,365 631,400 646,970
0 to 14 years 164,520 84,150 80,370 243,820 125,110 118,710
0 to 4 years 60,070 30,600 29,470 81,065 41,710 39,355
5 to 9 years 56,100 28,710 27,385 83,375 42,565 40,805
10 to 14 years 48,350 24,835 23,515 79,380 40,835 38,545
15 to 64 years 655,590 331,860 323,735 835,580 417,260 418,320
15 to 19 years 50,850 26,010 24,840 82,440 42,555 39,890
20 to 24 years 69,115 34,880 34,235 86,760 44,465 42,295
25 to 29 years 85,410 43,425 41,980 86,695 43,570 43,125
30 to 34 years 84,785 43,135 41,645 85,185 42,210 42,975
35 to 39 years 72,790 37,215 35,580 81,105 39,885 41,215
40 to 44 years 62,770 31,950 30,820 79,325 39,530 39,795
45 to 49 years 58,900 29,880 29,025 79,350 39,220 40,130
50 to 54 years 61,825 31,045 30,780 89,840 44,485 45,355
55 to 59 years 59,620 29,820 29,795 87,765 43,555 44,210
60 to 64 years 49,530 24,505 25,030 77,110 37,780 39,325
65 years and over 112,440 49,880 62,555 198,965 89,025 109,945
65 to 69 years 37,215 18,145 19,075 64,905 31,280 33,625
70 to 74 years 24,635 11,330 13,300 45,980 21,940 24,040
75 to 79 years 19,090 8,470 10,620 33,555 15,250 18,305
80 to 84 years 15,165 6,315 8,850 25,315 10,740 14,575
85 years and over 16,325 5,620 10,710 29,210 9,810 19,395
85 to 89 years 10,225 3,900 6,325 17,335 6,460 10,875
90 to 94 years 4,710 1,415 3,290 8,945 2,710 6,230
95 to 99 years 1,210 275 935 2,520 580 1,940
100 years and over 190 30 160 415 60 350
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.6 18.1 17.2 19.1 19.8 18.3
15 to 64 years 70.3 71.2 69.4 65.4 66.1 64.7
65 years and over 12.1 10.7 13.4 15.6 14.1 17.0
85 years and over 1.8 1.2 2.3 2.3 1.6 3.0
Average age of the population 37.7 36.9 38.5 39.2 38.2 40.2
Median age of the population 35.7 35.2 36.4 38.3 37.2 39.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 360,825 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Single-detached house 180,215 ... ... 331,420 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 25,790 ... ... 39,080 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 152,175 ... ... 108,120 ... ...
Semi-detached house 22,215 ... ... 15,865 ... ...
Row house 36,075 ... ... 17,225 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 10,010 ... ... 7,065 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 83,775 ... ... 67,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 95 ... ... 755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 2,650 ... ... 10,435 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 360,825 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
1 person 98,055 ... ... 135,500 ... ...
2 persons 117,110 ... ... 164,880 ... ...
3 persons 58,810 ... ... 71,065 ... ...
4 persons 51,650 ... ... 66,675 ... ...
5 or more persons 35,210 ... ... 50,930 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 913,580 ... ... 1,240,700 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 768,030 381,740 386,290 1,034,545 506,280 528,260
Married or living common law 425,750 214,060 211,695 593,615 297,280 296,335
Married 353,525 177,855 175,670 503,390 252,210 251,175
Living common law 72,230 36,205 36,025 90,230 45,075 45,155
Not married and not living common law 342,280 167,675 174,600 440,925 209,000 231,930
Never married 240,470 133,020 107,450 300,415 162,440 137,980
Separated 18,430 7,930 10,495 24,845 11,080 13,765
Divorced 48,940 19,925 29,010 54,860 22,780 32,080
Widowed 34,440 6,795 27,645 60,805 12,700 48,100
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 247,020 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
2 persons 118,670 ... ... 171,435 ... ...
3 persons 55,525 ... ... 71,630 ... ...
4 persons 50,160 ... ... 65,500 ... ...
5 or more persons 22,665 ... ... 37,600 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 247,015 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
Total couple families 205,460 ... ... 287,200 ... ...
Married couples 169,350 ... ... 242,100 ... ...
Common-law couples 36,110 ... ... 45,100 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 41,555 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
Female parent 32,765 ... ... 45,930 ... ...
Male parent 8,795 ... ... 13,025 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 205,460 ... ... 287,205 ... ...
Couples without children 92,955 ... ... 137,135 ... ...
Couples with children 112,505 ... ... 150,070 ... ...
1 child 44,450 ... ... 55,730 ... ...
2 children 46,910 ... ... 59,965 ... ...
3 or more children 21,140 ... ... 34,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 41,560 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
1 child 25,715 ... ... 34,305 ... ...
2 children 11,070 ... ... 15,895 ... ...
3 or more children 4,770 ... ... 8,765 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 186,840 98,305 88,530 212,415 104,435 107,980
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 360,825 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
One-census-family households 228,005 ... ... 323,125 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 85,555 ... ... 130,475 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 142,450 ... ... 192,650 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 9,235 ... ... 11,110 ... ...
Non-census-family households 123,585 ... ... 154,815 ... ...
One-person households 98,055 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 25,530 ... ... 19,315 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 921,060 460,380 460,675 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
English only 833,125 419,990 413,135 1,135,395 566,980 568,410
French only 1,490 645 845 1,485 680 800
English and French 66,575 31,780 34,790 108,460 49,205 59,255
Neither English nor French 19,875 7,970 11,905 16,285 7,235 9,050
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 921,060 460,380 460,675 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
English 876,540 439,555 436,990 1,203,025 596,475 606,550
French 18,805 9,885 8,920 39,200 18,880 20,325
English and French 6,325 3,240 3,085 3,545 1,755 1,790
Neither English nor French 19,395 7,710 11,685 15,840 6,985 8,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 21,965 11,505 10,465 40,975 19,760 21,215
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.4 2.5 2.3 3.2 3.2 3.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 921,060 460,380 460,675 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
Single responses 891,125 445,760 445,370 1,230,115 608,820 621,300
Official languages 605,695 307,085 298,615 941,130 468,430 472,705
English 587,995 297,745 290,245 900,610 448,960 451,645
French 17,705 9,335 8,365 40,520 19,465 21,055
Non-official languages 285,430 138,675 146,750 288,985 140,395 148,590
Aboriginal languages 2,010 755 1,255 29,710 14,265 15,440
Algonquian languages 1,610 610 1,005 28,070 13,505 14,565
Blackfoot 35 5 20 5 0 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 1,495 565 925 14,820 7,085 7,740
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Moose Cree 5 5 5 0 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 15 5 10 30 5 20
Plains Cree 300 100 200 70 25 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 20 5 15 745 305 440
Woods Cree 130 55 75 65 20 40
Cree, n.o.s. 1,030 400 625 13,915 6,725 7,195
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 5 10 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 10 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 80 30 50 13,235 6,410 6,825
Algonquin 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 75 25 45 6,730 3,180 3,550
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,505 3,235 3,265
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 200 65 135 815 375 445
Northern Athabaskan languages 200 70 130 815 380 440
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 5 0 5 0 0 0
Carrier 5 0 5 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 5 0 0 0 0
Dene 130 45 85 810 375 435
Dogrib (Tlicho) 15 5 15 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 5 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 40 15 25 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 5 0 10 0 0 0
South Slavey 20 5 15 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 10 5 5 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 5 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 5 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 40 10 30 80 20 60
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 5 0 0
Inuktitut 20 10 15 65 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 5 5 0 0 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 25 15 15 80 40 40
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 5 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 5
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 85 30 60 630 305 330
Dakota 40 15 30 630 305 325
Stoney 45 20 30 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 5 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 5 0 5 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 15 10 15 10 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 283,420 137,920 145,495 259,280 126,130 133,155
Afro-Asiatic languages 30,335 15,820 14,515 10,700 5,580 5,120
Berber languages 130 75 60 40 25 15
Kabyle 75 45 30 35 15 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 10 10 5
Cushitic languages 7,890 3,960 3,930 1,750 875 875
Bilen 245 140 105 155 85 70
Oromo 1,120 580 540 345 175 170
Somali 6,500 3,230 3,270 1,245 610 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 10 10 0
Semitic languages 22,250 11,745 10,500 8,840 4,640 4,200
Amharic 2,485 1,205 1,280 1,770 885 885
Arabic 16,695 8,925 7,770 4,695 2,500 2,190
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 65 30 35 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 35 20 10 0 0 0
Harari 170 85 80 0 0 0
Hebrew 390 210 175 545 320 225
Maltese 20 10 10 40 20 25
Tigrigna 2,315 1,215 1,100 1,770 905 865
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 40 30 10 5 5
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 65 35 25 65 35 30
Austro-Asiatic languages 9,400 4,350 5,045 4,180 1,970 2,205
Khmer (Cambodian) 745 355 395 280 135 145
Vietnamese 8,645 3,995 4,650 3,895 1,840 2,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 5 0 0
Austronesian languages 37,650 16,545 21,110 52,905 24,685 28,220
Bikol 95 45 50 175 80 95
Cebuano 1,775 750 1,020 1,245 565 675
Fijian 50 25 20 35 15 15
Hiligaynon 485 215 270 390 170 220
Ilocano 1,680 720 960 1,365 630 730
Malagasy 10 0 5 0 0 5
Malay 460 210 255 175 65 105
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 310 145 165 655 315 340
Pangasinan 95 40 55 135 65 70
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 32,355 14,230 18,120 48,530 22,670 25,855
Waray-Waray 70 35 35 50 30 25
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 270 120 145 150 70 85
Creole languages 975 505 465 570 275 305
Haitian Creole 50 25 25 20 10 10
Creole, n.o.s. 590 330 265 290 140 145
Creole languages, n.i.e. 325 155 175 265 120 145
Dravidian languages 6,440 3,340 3,100 1,565 825 735
Kannada 195 95 95 95 50 40
Malayalam 3,315 1,700 1,615 790 410 380
Tamil 2,025 1,065 960 480 255 230
Telugu 890 465 420 195 115 80
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 10 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 10 5 5 5 0 0
Indo-European languages 132,415 65,745 66,670 158,350 77,605 80,750
Albanian 735 405 335 350 170 180
Armenian 155 80 75 65 35 30
Balto-Slavic languages 29,065 13,530 15,540 34,450 15,845 18,605
Baltic languages 255 115 140 165 65 95
Latvian 120 55 65 80 35 45
Lithuanian 135 60 75 85 35 45
Slavic languages 28,815 13,420 15,395 34,280 15,775 18,510
Belarusan 35 15 15 40 20 25
Bosnian 685 345 340 575 285 290
Bulgarian 430 230 205 140 70 65
Croatian 1,735 910 825 1,030 505 530
Czech 675 335 340 615 310 310
Macedonian 170 90 80 145 70 75
Polish 8,095 3,775 4,325 6,455 2,905 3,545
Russian 5,065 2,360 2,700 9,130 4,495 4,640
Serbian 1,680 845 835 655 335 320
Serbo-Croatian 340 170 170 240 110 130
Slovak 460 235 225 405 175 225
Slovene (Slovenian) 240 110 125 270 130 140
Ukrainian 9,125 3,965 5,170 14,505 6,325 8,180
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 75 40 30
Celtic languages 85 50 35 115 60 55
Scottish Gaelic 45 25 15 50 25 20
Welsh 15 10 5 60 30 30
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 10 10 0
Germanic languages 13,130 6,150 6,985 68,670 33,310 35,360
Afrikaans 330 170 165 420 220 205
Danish 450 215 235 280 145 135
Dutch 2,440 1,190 1,255 2,675 1,335 1,335
Frisian 60 35 25 55 30 25
German 9,380 4,340 5,045 63,825 30,940 32,890
Icelandic 30 15 15 475 210 260
Norwegian 145 60 85 115 45 65
Swedish 185 85 105 135 70 70
Vlaams (Flemish) 45 20 25 310 125 180
Yiddish 55 30 25 355 175 180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 25 10 10
Greek 920 505 420 1,285 665 615
Indo-Iranian languages 61,115 31,380 29,735 32,325 17,135 15,195
Indo-Aryan languages 54,775 28,055 26,720 29,520 15,700 13,820
Bengali 2,275 1,200 1,080 1,170 675 495
Gujarati 5,540 2,870 2,670 3,115 1,660 1,455
Hindi 8,010 4,020 3,995 2,270 1,215 1,060
Kashmiri 20 10 10 5 5 5
Konkani 145 75 70 35 20 15
Marathi 505 260 245 135 80 50
Nepali 1,895 990 905 720 355 365
Oriya (Odia) 70 40 35 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 26,425 13,570 12,855 18,320 9,650 8,670
Sindhi 905 420 480 60 30 30
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,180 615 565 670 345 320
Urdu 7,810 3,985 3,825 3,015 1,655 1,355
Iranian languages 6,070 3,180 2,890 2,705 1,365 1,335
Kurdish 740 410 335 415 210 200
Pashto 625 330 300 275 130 150
Persian (Farsi) 4,700 2,445 2,255 2,020 1,030 990
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 275 145 125 100 60 40
Italic (Romance) languages 27,195 13,650 13,545 21,100 10,385 10,710
Catalan 25 10 10 0 0 5
Italian 4,240 2,070 2,170 3,840 1,910 1,930
Portuguese 4,055 1,980 2,075 6,585 3,190 3,390
Romanian 2,300 1,150 1,145 645 310 335
Spanish 16,570 8,435 8,135 10,005 4,965 5,040
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 15 5 10
Japanese 940 310 630 540 185 350
Kartvelian languages 60 35 25 15 10 10
Georgian 60 40 25 15 5 5
Korean 5,995 2,850 3,145 3,760 1,810 1,950
Mongolic languages 80 35 40 20 5 15
Mongolian 80 35 40 20 5 15
Niger-Congo languages 6,985 3,530 3,455 3,895 1,965 1,930
Akan (Twi) 840 435 405 150 90 65
Bamanankan 15 10 5 75 25 45
Edo 135 70 70 40 20 15
Ewe 115 70 45 30 20 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 135 70 60 65 35 30
Ga 65 40 25 15 10 5
Ganda 205 105 100 50 20 30
Igbo 305 160 145 280 155 130
Lingala 150 75 80 75 30 40
Rundi (Kirundi) 390 190 200 135 60 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 605 300 305 250 125 120
Shona 520 255 265 110 50 60
Swahili 1,185 575 605 870 420 455
Wolof 130 85 45 75 50 25
Yoruba 665 370 300 1,030 525 505
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,525 720 810 640 315 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 735 380 360 395 215 180
Dinka 330 170 160 175 90 80
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 405 210 200 225 125 100
Sign languages 295 150 140 440 230 210
American Sign Language 145 70 80 240 125 115
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 150 85 65 195 100 95
Sino-Tibetan languages 46,565 22,055 24,510 18,880 9,320 9,565
Chinese languages 45,890 21,695 24,200 18,305 9,025 9,280
Cantonese 22,015 10,305 11,705 6,625 3,140 3,485
Hakka 600 285 315 55 30 25
Mandarin 19,460 9,270 10,190 10,170 5,110 5,060
Min Dong 65 25 40 5 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,210 550 660 325 150 165
Wu (Shanghainese) 225 115 115 110 55 50
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,285 1,130 1,155 1,010 530 475
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 30 5 15 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 675 360 315 575 295 285
Burmese 130 70 60 85 50 30
Karenic languages 425 230 195 430 215 220
Tibetan 20 15 10 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 95 45 55 55 20 35
Tai-Kadai languages 895 355 540 1,120 525 595
Lao 360 180 180 875 445 430
Thai 525 170 350 240 85 165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 5 0 0
Turkic languages 1,975 1,095 875 340 190 150
Azerbaijani 110 65 45 30 20 15
Turkish 1,665 925 745 210 120 95
Uyghur 50 30 20 10 5 10
Uzbek 105 60 45 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 40 25 20
Uralic languages 1,450 685 760 1,440 655 790
Estonian 30 10 20 30 10 15
Finnish 160 65 95 225 85 135
Hungarian 1,255 610 645 1,185 550 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 220 130 95 155 85 70
Multiple responses 29,935 14,625 15,305 31,505 15,280 16,220
English and French 2,715 1,335 1,380 4,365 2,140 2,230
English and non-official language 25,555 12,460 13,090 25,965 12,530 13,440
French and non-official language 1,115 550 560 695 380 315
English, French and non-official language 555 280 280 470 230 245
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 921,060 460,385 460,675 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
Single responses 855,580 428,305 427,270 1,197,145 593,020 604,120
Official languages 691,360 347,590 343,760 1,052,345 521,280 531,065
English 683,370 343,475 339,900 1,035,475 513,465 522,010
French 7,990 4,125 3,865 16,865 7,815 9,055
Non-official languages 164,220 80,715 83,510 144,800 71,740 73,060
Aboriginal languages 415 195 230 15,770 8,020 7,750
Algonquian languages 355 165 190 15,070 7,675 7,390
Blackfoot 10 5 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 330 150 175 7,570 3,860 3,715
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 15 5 5 10 5 0
Plains Cree 50 20 30 10 5 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 120 45 75
Woods Cree 15 5 15 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 245 115 130 7,415 3,790 3,620
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 5 5 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 7,495 3,820 3,675
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 10 5 2,505 1,280 1,225
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 4,990 2,545 2,455
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 20 5 15 635 305 330
Northern Athabaskan languages 20 5 15 635 305 330
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 15 5 10 630 305 330
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 0 5 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 5 0 5 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 15 5 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 5 0 10 5 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 25 15 15 35 25 10
Dakota 10 5 10 35 25 10
Stoney 15 10 10 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 10 5 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 163,805 80,520 83,280 129,035 63,725 65,310
Afro-Asiatic languages 19,955 10,125 9,830 6,875 3,475 3,400
Berber languages 95 45 50 20 15 5
Kabyle 50 25 25 15 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 0 5 5
Cushitic languages 5,840 2,925 2,910 1,185 550 630
Bilen 215 125 90 120 65 55
Oromo 885 450 435 210 95 115
Somali 4,730 2,345 2,380 845 385 460
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 5 10 0
Semitic languages 14,005 7,145 6,865 5,650 2,895 2,750
Amharic 1,695 805 890 1,045 520 525
Arabic 10,255 5,280 4,970 3,105 1,600 1,505
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 30 15 20 5 0 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 15 10 10 0 0 0
Harari 115 55 60 0 0 0
Hebrew 190 100 95 355 195 160
Maltese 10 5 5 10 5 5
Tigrigna 1,650 855 795 1,135 580 555
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 25 15 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 6,150 2,840 3,310 2,900 1,370 1,530
Khmer (Cambodian) 390 180 200 125 55 70
Vietnamese 5,760 2,655 3,105 2,775 1,315 1,460
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 20,395 9,600 10,795 27,215 13,065 14,155
Bikol 15 10 5 30 15 15
Cebuano 765 365 400 495 250 245
Fijian 25 15 10 15 5 10
Hiligaynon 180 80 100 125 55 75
Ilocano 565 265 300 390 190 200
Malagasy 5 5 0 0 0 0
Malay 120 55 65 55 25 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 125 60 65 245 120 130
Pangasinan 15 5 10 30 15 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 18,485 8,690 9,795 25,790 12,375 13,420
Waray-Waray 10 0 5 10 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 80 40 40 30 15 15
Creole languages 555 285 275 290 120 165
Haitian Creole 40 20 20 10 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 375 195 180 165 75 85
Creole languages, n.i.e. 140 70 75 115 45 75
Dravidian languages 4,235 2,180 2,055 800 400 400
Kannada 75 35 40 45 25 25
Malayalam 2,260 1,160 1,105 405 195 205
Tamil 1,355 715 635 240 120 120
Telugu 540 270 270 110 60 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 10 5 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 70,050 35,140 34,910 70,820 35,325 35,495
Albanian 355 190 165 155 80 75
Armenian 75 35 35 20 10 5
Balto-Slavic languages 11,655 5,675 5,980 11,685 5,670 6,015
Baltic languages 90 45 50 25 10 15
Latvian 40 20 25 15 5 5
Lithuanian 50 25 25 10 5 5
Slavic languages 11,565 5,635 5,935 11,660 5,660 6,000
Belarusan 10 5 5 0 5 0
Bosnian 295 150 145 285 145 140
Bulgarian 265 140 130 65 30 30
Croatian 830 430 405 320 145 180
Czech 210 110 105 115 55 60
Macedonian 85 45 40 85 35 45
Polish 3,475 1,625 1,845 2,010 910 1,105
Russian 2,940 1,455 1,485 5,530 2,780 2,745
Serbian 950 475 470 335 170 170
Serbo-Croatian 105 55 55 90 40 50
Slovak 130 65 65 70 35 35
Slovene (Slovenian) 60 35 25 55 20 30
Ukrainian 2,190 1,045 1,140 2,690 1,285 1,405
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 10 5 5
Celtic languages 10 5 5 20 15 10
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 5 10 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 1,785 850 935 25,825 12,700 13,125
Afrikaans 145 70 75 200 100 100
Danish 30 15 15 10 5 5
Dutch 140 65 75 270 135 130
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 1,385 660 725 24,795 12,185 12,615
Icelandic 15 10 10 35 15 20
Norwegian 10 0 10 10 5 5
Swedish 45 20 30 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 15 5 10
Yiddish 0 0 5 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 465 240 225
Greek 325 165 165 535 255 280
Indo-Iranian languages 41,435 21,030 20,405 22,810 11,920 10,890
Indo-Aryan languages 37,435 19,010 18,425 21,010 11,055 9,950
Bengali 1,425 735 690 690 390 305
Gujarati 3,555 1,810 1,750 2,100 1,095 1,005
Hindi 4,875 2,470 2,400 1,335 715 620
Kashmiri 0 0 5 0 0 0
Konkani 35 20 20 10 5 5
Marathi 315 160 155 40 25 20
Nepali 1,335 700 635 540 265 280
Oriya (Odia) 35 20 15 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 19,800 10,075 9,725 14,000 7,330 6,670
Sindhi 450 220 225 30 10 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 705 370 340 360 190 170
Urdu 4,900 2,425 2,470 1,895 1,035 860
Iranian languages 3,885 1,970 1,920 1,755 835 920
Kurdish 370 195 170 275 135 140
Pashto 405 210 185 165 70 95
Persian (Farsi) 3,120 1,565 1,555 1,315 635 685
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 110 50 65 50 25 20
Italic (Romance) languages 14,410 7,190 7,220 9,765 4,670 5,090
Catalan 15 5 10 0 0 0
Italian 1,345 610 735 1,035 450 590
Portuguese 1,800 855 945 2,800 1,305 1,500
Romanian 1,245 620 625 235 110 125
Spanish 10,005 5,100 4,905 5,695 2,810 2,885
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0
Japanese 425 170 255 175 75 105
Kartvelian languages 50 25 25 10 5 0
Georgian 50 30 25 10 5 5
Korean 4,380 2,145 2,235 2,915 1,430 1,490
Mongolic languages 50 20 30 5 0 5
Mongolian 50 20 25 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 2,845 1,375 1,470 1,410 695 720
Akan (Twi) 425 200 220 45 30 20
Bamanankan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Edo 35 15 15 5 5 0
Ewe 40 25 20 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 55 30 20 35 15 15
Ga 15 10 5 5 0 0
Ganda 75 35 40 5 0 0
Igbo 80 40 45 75 40 35
Lingala 35 15 20 40 20 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 195 90 105 65 35 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 285 150 135 105 55 50
Shona 200 90 110 10 5 10
Swahili 580 275 305 500 240 265
Wolof 85 45 40 25 20 10
Yoruba 265 140 130 345 175 170
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 470 215 260 125 50 75
Nilo-Saharan languages 365 185 180 130 60 70
Dinka 200 110 90 80 35 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 165 75 90 55 30 25
Sign languages 385 220 160 560 310 255
American Sign Language 165 85 80 255 135 120
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 5 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 215 140 85 305 170 135
Sino-Tibetan languages 31,760 15,075 16,690 13,910 6,920 6,985
Chinese languages 31,240 14,800 16,435 13,445 6,685 6,765
Cantonese 14,485 6,700 7,780 4,455 2,105 2,350
Hakka 215 90 120 25 10 15
Mandarin 14,460 7,025 7,430 8,080 4,105 3,975
Min Dong 10 5 5 5 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 540 225 310 135 65 70
Wu (Shanghainese) 120 60 55 65 30 35
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,410 690 720 675 365 315
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 525 275 250 465 235 225
Burmese 90 50 40 55 30 25
Karenic languages 355 190 165 370 190 180
Tibetan 20 10 10 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 60 25 35 40 15 20
Tai-Kadai languages 430 205 220 535 250 280
Lao 175 85 90 430 210 220
Thai 245 115 130 105 40 65
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 0 0 0
Turkic languages 1,260 670 585 135 70 65
Azerbaijani 45 25 20 10 5 10
Turkish 1,110 590 520 65 35 35
Uyghur 30 20 10 0 0 0
Uzbek 65 30 30 35 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 25 10 15
Uralic languages 430 205 225 305 140 165
Estonian 5 0 0 0 0 0
Finnish 25 10 15 35 15 15
Hungarian 405 195 210 270 125 145
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 40 25 20
Multiple responses 65,480 32,075 33,405 64,475 31,080 33,400
English and French 2,070 1,045 1,015 3,090 1,440 1,645
English and non-official language 61,650 30,160 31,485 60,090 28,995 31,090
French and non-official language 545 265 280 415 215 205
English, French and non-official language 1,220 600 620 885 420 455
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 921,065 460,385 460,680 1,261,615 624,095 637,520
None 749,235 376,135 373,095 1,079,050 535,990 543,065
English 73,015 36,560 36,455 76,350 37,795 38,550
French 9,560 4,575 4,985 20,200 9,130 11,075
Non-official language 85,880 41,390 44,490 83,315 39,860 43,455
Aboriginal 1,815 715 1,105 16,105 7,590 8,515
Non-Aboriginal 84,065 40,675 43,390 67,215 32,275 34,940
English and French 655 335 315 305 150 150
English and non-official language 1,795 935 855 1,610 815 790
French and non-official language 890 435 460 770 345 420
English, French and non-official language 45 25 15 20 5 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 749,380 373,235 376,150 1,001,305 491,590 509,715
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 712,245 354,980 357,260 954,035 467,790 486,250
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,836 51,506 33,820 34,188 40,379 29,220
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 712,370 355,010 357,370 954,205 467,820 486,390
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,352 44,584 31,031 30,465 35,150 26,561
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 656,950 335,805 321,145 859,545 431,145 428,400
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,821 51,517 33,069 32,592 39,229 26,692
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 432,325 178,805 253,525 701,840 309,530 392,310
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,567 2,571 4,014 4,268 1,890 5,434
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 576,325 301,585 274,740 722,785 374,850 347,935
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,069 52,280 34,903 33,677 39,365 28,679
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 749,395 373,375 376,020 1,001,305 491,580 509,725
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 712,520 355,075 357,440 953,960 467,575 486,385
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 57,032 69,876 44,272 43,767 51,068 36,747
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 712,670 355,105 357,560 954,175 467,605 486,565
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,823 55,986 37,723 35,957 41,013 31,097
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 657,115 335,780 321,335 859,575 431,035 428,540
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 57,236 70,309 43,574 42,776 50,803 34,704
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 431,590 178,230 253,360 701,830 308,940 392,890
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,011 6,751 7,194 7,099 6,411 7,640
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 576,330 301,010 275,315 722,785 374,535 348,250
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,801 65,829 42,745 42,551 49,417 35,168
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 749,395 373,375 376,020 1,001,310 491,580 509,725
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 267,435 151,130 116,305 350,580 201,335 149,245
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 62,030 69,850 54,443 50,026 54,580 44,818
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 74,180 84,054 61,348 59,523 65,410 51,581
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 92.6 95.2 88.5 88.0 91.7 83.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 77.4 79.6 73.9 73.6 77.4 68.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 7.4 4.8 11.5 12.0 8.3 16.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 749,380 373,230 376,145 1,001,310 491,585 509,720
Without total income 37,140 18,250 18,890 47,270 23,800 23,470
With total income 712,245 354,980 357,260 954,040 467,790 486,245
Percentage with total income 95.0 95.1 95.0 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 89,175 35,580 53,600 137,700 62,550 75,150
$10,000 to $19,999 93,515 36,960 56,560 150,320 58,320 91,995
$20,000 to $29,999 86,675 34,500 52,175 136,510 54,950 81,560
$30,000 to $39,999 73,335 32,130 41,210 123,685 55,805 67,885
$40,000 to $49,999 70,490 33,175 37,320 109,710 54,650 55,060
$50,000 to $59,999 62,445 31,450 31,000 80,625 45,170 35,460
$60,000 to $69,999 51,365 28,510 22,855 58,785 35,250 23,535
$70,000 to $79,999 40,570 24,485 16,085 43,365 26,465 16,895
$80,000 to $89,999 31,440 19,520 11,920 34,000 20,100 13,905
$90,000 to $99,999 26,250 16,215 10,035 21,980 13,545 8,440
$100,000 and over 86,985 62,475 24,510 57,355 40,985 16,370
$100,000 to $149,999 58,565 40,680 17,890 40,870 28,585 12,285
$150,000 and over 28,415 21,795 6,625 16,490 12,395 4,090
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 749,380 373,230 376,150 1,001,305 491,585 509,720
Without after-tax income 37,010 18,225 18,780 47,100 23,770 23,330
With after-tax income 712,375 355,010 357,365 954,205 467,820 486,390
Percentage with after-tax income 95.1 95.1 95.0 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 90,875 36,085 54,790 142,035 63,525 78,510
$10,000 to $19,999 97,655 38,725 58,930 161,865 63,410 98,460
$20,000 to $29,999 100,035 40,460 59,575 165,880 68,985 96,895
$30,000 to $39,999 92,180 42,085 50,095 153,680 73,335 80,350
$40,000 to $49,999 87,355 43,450 43,910 116,415 63,755 52,660
$50,000 to $59,999 69,290 38,480 30,810 78,105 46,940 31,160
$60,000 to $69,999 49,970 30,460 19,510 53,870 32,165 21,705
$70,000 to $79,999 36,960 23,005 13,955 31,690 19,680 12,010
$80,000 and over 88,055 62,255 25,800 50,655 36,025 14,630
$80,000 to $89,999 27,180 17,610 9,565 18,025 12,260 5,760
$90,000 to $99,999 17,325 11,960 5,365 10,325 7,305 3,015
$100,000 and over 43,555 32,685 10,870 22,305 16,460 5,850
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 749,380 373,235 376,145 1,001,305 491,590 509,720
Without employment income 173,050 71,650 101,405 278,525 116,740 161,775
With employment income 576,330 301,585 274,740 722,785 374,845 347,940
Percentage with employment income 76.9 80.8 73.0 72.2 76.3 68.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 56,045 24,765 31,275 90,045 42,675 47,375
$5,000 to $9,999 37,925 15,895 22,030 54,560 23,875 30,690
$10,000 to $19,999 65,325 27,965 37,360 94,460 41,920 52,535
$20,000 to $29,999 55,825 23,765 32,065 89,540 39,650 49,895
$30,000 to $39,999 55,460 25,405 30,050 88,340 41,905 46,440
$40,000 to $49,999 55,750 26,865 28,885 77,755 40,205 37,550
$50,000 to $59,999 51,430 26,250 25,175 58,900 34,355 24,550
$60,000 to $69,999 42,090 24,000 18,090 44,085 27,115 16,970
$70,000 to $79,999 34,395 21,275 13,120 34,450 21,375 13,075
$80,000 and over 122,080 85,395 36,685 90,650 61,780 28,865
$80,000 to $89,999 27,055 17,255 9,800 28,365 16,860 11,505
$90,000 to $99,999 23,455 14,625 8,825 17,635 11,355 6,275
$100,000 and over 71,570 53,520 18,055 44,650 33,560 11,095
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 360,830 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 87,225 ... ... 68,147 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 75,057 ... ... 59,093 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 98,055 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,935 ... ... 35,846 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,497 ... ... 31,538 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 262,770 ... ... 353,550 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 106,260 ... ... 84,532 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,076 ... ... 72,688 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 360,830 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 112,619 ... ... 85,373 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 92,480 ... ... 70,154 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 98,075 ... ... 135,440 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 59,678 ... ... 44,208 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 48,955 ... ... 36,503 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 262,755 ... ... 353,605 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 132,380 ... ... 101,140 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 108,726 ... ... 83,044 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 360,830 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 5,945 ... ... 9,250 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,715 ... ... 8,175 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,165 ... ... 11,450 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 8,960 ... ... 18,260 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 12,595 ... ... 21,395 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,135 ... ... 19,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 10,675 ... ... 21,090 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,685 ... ... 21,745 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 11,660 ... ... 21,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 11,920 ... ... 21,225 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 24,290 ... ... 40,240 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 24,405 ... ... 37,910 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 23,325 ... ... 34,275 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 21,765 ... ... 31,555 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 20,695 ... ... 27,215 ... ...
$100,000 and over 153,885 ... ... 144,620 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 43,970 ... ... 52,495 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 33,125 ... ... 34,595 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 40,385 ... ... 34,670 ... ...
$200,000 and over 36,400 ... ... 22,865 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 360,830 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,225 ... ... 9,725 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,770 ... ... 8,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,285 ... ... 11,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 9,320 ... ... 19,325 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 13,480 ... ... 24,370 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 11,560 ... ... 22,665 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 12,875 ... ... 25,915 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,125 ... ... 26,725 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 14,795 ... ... 25,965 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 15,210 ... ... 25,290 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 30,590 ... ... 48,610 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 29,205 ... ... 44,280 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 27,310 ... ... 38,890 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 25,495 ... ... 32,370 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 22,435 ... ... 26,890 ... ...
$100,000 and over 119,135 ... ... 97,850 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 44,215 ... ... 46,355 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 29,245 ... ... 24,795 ... ...
$150,000 and over 45,675 ... ... 26,705 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 244,435 ... ... 341,205 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 105,101 ... ... 84,441 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 90,025 ... ... 72,563 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 83,525 ... ... 127,580 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 100,821 ... ... 79,103 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,642 ... ... 67,596 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 112,650 ... ... 150,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 125,416 ... ... 104,902 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,474 ... ... 89,307 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.2 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 38,025 ... ... 52,215 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,791 ... ... 49,922 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,914 ... ... 46,048 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 244,235 ... ... 341,235 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 132,588 ... ... 101,410 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 108,579 ... ... 83,132 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 83,505 ... ... 127,710 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 132,253 ... ... 95,583 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 106,714 ... ... 77,743 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 112,720 ... ... 150,695 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 153,451 ... ... 122,176 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 125,412 ... ... 99,399 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 37,770 ... ... 52,130 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 76,259 ... ... 60,006 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 65,861 ... ... 52,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 157,810 84,815 72,995 175,270 86,935 88,335
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 41,697 45,587 37,593 32,927 35,568 30,818
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 36,995 39,683 34,027 29,429 31,130 28,062
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 157,765 84,825 72,940 174,945 86,380 88,565
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 52,314 56,488 47,461 40,853 43,332 38,434
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 43,421 46,146 40,252 33,961 35,291 32,663
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 913,580 457,210 456,375 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
In the bottom half of the distribution 375,455 181,915 193,540 687,930 332,640 355,290
In the bottom decile 76,415 37,485 38,930 151,750 74,825 76,930
In the second decile 69,260 32,005 37,250 135,485 62,035 73,450
In the third decile 71,660 34,285 37,375 135,395 64,805 70,590
In the fourth decile 75,965 37,405 38,565 132,755 65,185 67,575
In the fifth decile 82,150 40,730 41,420 132,540 65,790 66,750
In the top half of the distribution 538,125 275,295 262,835 552,770 281,805 270,965
In the sixth decile 87,485 43,610 43,875 127,575 64,305 63,265
In the seventh decile 93,285 47,125 46,160 123,505 62,770 60,735
In the eighth decile 102,770 52,610 50,160 116,805 59,460 57,350
In the ninth decile 118,060 60,660 57,400 104,820 53,835 50,980
In the top decile 136,525 71,290 65,235 80,070 41,435 38,640
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 913,580 457,210 456,375 1,175,720 581,585 594,135
0 to 17 years 193,235 98,860 94,380 260,905 134,075 126,830
0 to 5 years 71,515 36,475 35,035 85,935 44,240 41,695
18 to 64 years 619,535 312,185 307,350 737,035 365,965 371,070
65 years and over 100,815 46,170 54,650 177,780 81,540 96,235
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 99,735 47,255 52,480 180,880 85,185 95,690
0 to 17 years 31,190 15,955 15,240 57,185 29,390 27,790
0 to 5 years 12,270 6,280 5,985 21,325 10,970 10,355
18 to 64 years 59,930 28,155 31,770 98,920 46,630 52,285
65 years and over 8,620 3,145 5,470 24,785 9,165 15,615
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 10.9 10.3 11.5 15.4 14.6 16.1
0 to 17 years (%) 16.1 16.1 16.1 21.9 21.9 21.9
0 to 5 years (%) 17.2 17.2 17.1 24.8 24.8 24.8
18 to 64 years (%) 9.7 9.0 10.3 13.4 12.7 14.1
65 years and over (%) 8.6 6.8 10.0 13.9 11.2 16.2
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 91,090 44,565 46,520 115,965 56,255 59,705
0 to 17 years 25,155 12,830 12,320 33,260 17,040 16,220
0 to 5 years 9,920 5,070 4,850 12,310 6,325 5,985
18 to 64 years 61,135 29,895 31,240 73,655 35,895 37,760
65 years and over 4,800 1,840 2,955 9,045 3,325 5,725
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.0 9.7 10.2 9.9 9.7 10.0
0 to 17 years (%) 13.0 13.0 13.1 12.7 12.7 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 13.9 13.9 13.8 14.3 14.3 14.4
18 to 64 years (%) 9.9 9.6 10.2 10.0 9.8 10.2
65 years and over (%) 4.8 4.0 5.4 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 913,585 457,210 456,375 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Official languages 893,915 449,325 444,585 1,224,985 607,375 617,605
English 892,545 448,740 443,805 1,223,665 606,760 616,905
French 67,445 31,990 35,455 108,560 49,435 59,130
Non-official languages 357,820 174,580 183,240 340,250 165,150 175,100
Aboriginal languages 3,660 1,475 2,185 40,465 19,410 21,050
Algonquian languages 3,100 1,195 1,910 38,305 18,375 19,930
Blackfoot 40 10 30 10 0 10
Cree-Montagnais languages 2,960 1,145 1,815 20,975 10,025 10,955
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 20 0 15 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 10 0 15 85 25 55
Plains Cree 855 310 540 190 90 100
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 25 10 15 1,140 505 640
Woods Cree 215 100 115 130 65 65
Cree, n.o.s. 1,840 715 1,120 19,435 9,340 10,095
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 10 0 10 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 10 0 10 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 125 40 90 17,710 8,520 9,185
Algonquin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ojibway 125 35 85 9,685 4,560 5,125
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 8,045 3,975 4,070
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 270 115 160 1,120 525 595
Northern Athabaskan languages 275 115 160 1,110 520 590
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 10 0 0 0
Carrier 25 10 15 0 0 0
Chilcotin 10 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 175 70 105 1,110 520 595
Dogrib (Tlicho) 40 25 20 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 35 20 10 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 20 10 10 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 10 0 10 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 10 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 60 30 35 110 55 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 15 0 15 10 10 0
Inuktitut 30 15 20 80 35 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 15 10 10
Cayuga 0 10 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 0 15 10 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 50 30 20 210 115 95
Salish languages 25 10 15 0 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 10 10 0 10 0 10
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 10 10 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 10 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 145 80 70 760 365 395
Dakota 70 40 30 760 360 400
Stoney 85 45 40 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tlingit 10 10 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 20 10 10 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Nisga'a 15 10 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 354,280 173,170 181,110 299,900 145,795 154,110
Afro-Asiatic languages 43,075 22,315 20,760 15,730 8,320 7,410
Berber languages 205 105 100 85 50 40
Kabyle 85 45 40 45 25 20
Berber languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60 50 35 10
Cushitic languages 9,765 4,975 4,785 2,300 1,195 1,105
Bilen 245 140 100 210 120 85
Oromo 1,200 645 560 535 275 260
Somali 8,370 4,215 4,155 1,550 790 760
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 15 15 10
Semitic languages 34,290 17,870 16,425 13,685 7,300 6,390
Amharic 4,040 2,055 1,985 2,475 1,370 1,105
Arabic 26,705 14,050 12,660 6,650 3,590 3,055
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 60 35 25 15 0 10
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 20 15 0 10 0 0
Harari 240 95 140 0 10 0
Hebrew 1,390 730 660 3,370 1,735 1,635
Maltese 40 20 20 65 30 35
Tigrigna 3,120 1,580 1,535 2,225 1,175 1,050
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 155 85 70 15 10 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 150 85 65 155 80 80
Austro-Asiatic languages 12,500 5,840 6,660 5,230 2,545 2,685
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,065 510 555 335 185 150
Vietnamese 11,485 5,355 6,125 4,905 2,370 2,535
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 47,290 20,890 26,395 65,305 30,220 35,090
Bikol 60 25 30 225 100 125
Cebuano 2,290 1,035 1,250 1,615 805 810
Fijian 130 85 50 65 35 30
Hiligaynon 475 190 280 425 180 245
Ilocano 2,190 930 1,260 1,875 880 990
Malagasy 15 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 1,105 510 595 375 180 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 485 220 270 945 415 530
Pangasinan 165 70 95 205 100 110
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 44,790 19,725 25,065 64,165 29,640 34,520
Waray-Waray 105 35 70 115 55 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 410 170 240 200 80 120
Creole languages 2,015 1,085 920 1,310 605 705
Haitian Creole 115 65 50 25 10 15
Creole, n.o.s. 1,205 670 535 635 310 315
Creole languages, n.i.e. 705 365 340 680 305 375
Dravidian languages 8,495 4,470 4,025 1,840 945 895
Kannada 340 165 175 175 95 80
Malayalam 4,390 2,250 2,140 830 400 430
Tamil 2,960 1,610 1,350 655 330 325
Telugu 1,295 690 605 255 150 110
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 65 35 25 15 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 30 15 10 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 169,120 84,245 84,875 175,950 86,435 89,510
Albanian 880 485 395 390 195 195
Armenian 185 75 110 65 50 15
Balto-Slavic languages 33,535 15,825 17,710 39,530 18,780 20,745
Baltic languages 420 200 220 230 90 140
Latvian 195 90 105 115 45 70
Lithuanian 225 110 115 120 50 65
Slavic languages 33,305 15,715 17,585 39,360 18,720 20,640
Belarusan 95 45 45 65 25 45
Bosnian 1,110 540 570 835 405 430
Bulgarian 465 240 230 155 95 60
Croatian 2,460 1,350 1,105 1,595 765 825
Czech 800 355 445 735 335 395
Macedonian 220 105 120 140 75 60
Polish 9,790 4,765 5,015 7,655 3,625 4,035
Russian 8,175 3,885 4,295 13,455 6,715 6,740
Serbian 2,305 1,110 1,195 870 470 400
Serbo-Croatian 420 200 215 190 75 115
Slovak 540 295 240 480 215 260
Slovene (Slovenian) 220 115 100 275 100 175
Ukrainian 11,210 4,785 6,425 17,095 7,795 9,305
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 90 45 50 70 35 30
Celtic languages 330 205 125 225 125 100
Scottish Gaelic 125 65 55 90 65 25
Welsh 65 45 20 90 45 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 145 95 50 45 15 25
Germanic languages 18,965 9,315 9,655 68,285 33,250 35,035
Afrikaans 795 395 405 715 330 385
Danish 475 220 250 270 120 150
Dutch 2,860 1,390 1,475 3,120 1,555 1,565
Frisian 65 45 25 90 65 30
German 14,295 7,110 7,180 61,760 30,170 31,600
Icelandic 35 15 20 560 225 335
Norwegian 315 125 195 290 115 175
Swedish 410 210 200 270 125 150
Vlaams (Flemish) 35 10 25 270 120 155
Yiddish 70 35 35 545 235 315
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 2,490 1,285 1,205
Greek 1,300 635 665 2,010 1,015 1,000
Indo-Iranian languages 75,425 38,920 36,505 38,760 20,480 18,280
Indo-Aryan languages 68,980 35,490 33,485 35,830 18,990 16,835
Bengali 2,760 1,460 1,300 1,520 885 635
Gujarati 7,275 3,620 3,655 3,905 2,065 1,840
Hindi 26,305 13,735 12,570 12,900 6,900 6,000
Kashmiri 50 30 20 20 15 10
Konkani 125 50 75 40 30 10
Marathi 815 450 365 275 170 105
Nepali 1,925 1,040 880 600 285 315
Oriya (Odia) 100 55 45 15 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 34,305 17,695 16,605 22,900 12,035 10,865
Sindhi 1,675 770 910 150 85 65
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,695 860 835 920 500 420
Urdu 11,850 6,170 5,675 4,600 2,540 2,060
Iranian languages 6,935 3,670 3,265 3,035 1,525 1,515
Kurdish 855 520 335 600 295 305
Pashto 790 435 355 290 135 150
Persian (Farsi) 5,510 2,865 2,645 2,295 1,175 1,120
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 450 250 210 230 125 105
Italic (Romance) languages 42,430 20,840 21,585 34,360 16,630 17,735
Catalan 75 40 35 15 10 10
Italian 7,250 3,610 3,640 5,350 2,610 2,735
Portuguese 5,290 2,615 2,670 8,460 4,125 4,335
Romanian 2,795 1,435 1,360 785 395 390
Spanish 28,510 13,865 14,650 20,605 9,910 10,695
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 85 40 40 60 45 15
Japanese 2,140 930 1,200 1,160 550 605
Kartvelian languages 60 20 35 10 0 15
Georgian 60 25 40 15 0 15
Korean 6,685 3,155 3,530 4,240 2,100 2,145
Mongolic languages 150 65 80 55 20 35
Mongolian 145 65 80 55 20 30
Niger-Congo languages 12,615 6,395 6,215 7,970 4,125 3,845
Akan (Twi) 1,370 680 690 260 165 95
Bamanankan 25 15 15 160 95 65
Edo 250 115 130 95 60 30
Ewe 150 80 70 50 30 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 155 80 80 50 25 25
Ga 185 100 85 30 10 15
Ganda 425 205 215 230 110 120
Igbo 600 330 270 665 345 325
Lingala 700 340 360 655 315 345
Rundi (Kirundi) 580 280 305 205 105 105
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 895 470 425 305 155 155
Shona 895 440 450 250 110 140
Swahili 3,380 1,800 1,580 1,930 1,020 905
Wolof 225 135 90 150 85 70
Yoruba 1,555 805 745 2,630 1,330 1,295
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,115 1,515 1,600 1,440 765 680
Nilo-Saharan languages 925 455 465 410 225 185
Dinka 570 260 310 180 105 75
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 355 195 160 225 120 105
Sign languages 2,075 835 1,240 2,670 985 1,685
American Sign Language 1,245 450 800 1,710 625 1,090
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 840 385 450 975 365 610
Sino-Tibetan languages 53,530 25,835 27,690 21,130 10,490 10,650
Chinese languages 52,725 25,415 27,305 20,475 10,185 10,285
Cantonese 27,980 13,370 14,610 8,310 3,920 4,390
Hakka 660 285 370 50 30 20
Mandarin 27,395 13,080 14,315 12,825 6,460 6,365
Min Dong 20 10 15 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,535 690 850 480 230 250
Wu (Shanghainese) 255 120 135 185 95 85
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,330 1,180 1,155 1,115 600 510
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 830 430 395 675 310 370
Burmese 235 120 110 185 115 70
Karenic languages 450 230 225 465 200 265
Tibetan 45 20 20 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 150 80 70 145 60 80
Tai-Kadai languages 1,085 445 640 1,565 730 835
Lao 515 240 275 1,120 520 600
Thai 650 220 430 575 270 305
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 2,785 1,535 1,255 510 250 265
Azerbaijani 225 120 105 50 25 30
Turkish 2,290 1,275 1,020 365 180 185
Uyghur 145 70 75 30 15 10
Uzbek 145 80 70 40 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 45 15 30
Uralic languages 1,815 850 965 1,550 730 815
Estonian 25 15 10 45 20 25
Finnish 290 95 190 265 105 160
Hungarian 1,505 735 765 1,235 600 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 640 370 275 445 290 150
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 913,585 457,210 456,370 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 793,725 397,565 396,165 1,133,080 560,165 572,920
Canadian citizens aged under 18 173,215 88,605 84,610 266,225 136,640 129,585
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 620,515 308,960 311,555 866,855 423,520 443,335
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 119,860 59,645 60,215 107,620 54,280 53,340
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 913,585 457,210 456,370 1,240,700 614,445 626,255
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 613,865 309,585 304,280 996,860 494,285 502,570
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 274,360 134,350 140,005 227,465 111,095 116,365
Before 1981 48,220 24,090 24,135 50,025 23,340 26,680
1981 to 1990 30,460 15,010 15,455 20,205 10,190 10,010
1991 to 2000 43,245 20,325 22,915 23,040 11,165 11,875
2001 to 2010 80,875 39,850 41,025 70,985 35,305 35,680
2001 to 2005 33,690 16,395 17,295 22,570 11,195 11,370
2006 to 2010 47,185 23,450 23,730 48,415 24,110 24,305
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 71,555 35,075 36,480 63,210 31,095 32,120
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 25,360 13,275 12,085 16,375 9,055 7,320
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 274,355 134,350 140,010 227,470 111,100 116,370
Under 5 years 25,255 13,065 12,190 25,595 12,975 12,625
5 to 14 years 45,825 23,775 22,050 45,570 23,305 22,265
15 to 24 years 56,420 25,910 30,510 44,585 20,820 23,770
25 to 44 years 123,445 60,725 62,715 93,700 45,160 48,540
45 years and over 23,410 10,870 12,540 18,010 8,845 9,170
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 274,355 134,350 140,010 227,465 111,095 116,365
Americas 26,650 12,960 13,685 31,980 15,285 16,700
Brazil 655 270 390 435 170 265
Colombia 2,455 1,260 1,195 1,050 510 545
El Salvador 2,895 1,465 1,430 2,480 1,325 1,155
Guyana 1,265 575 690 1,135 515 620
Haiti 505 275 230 155 75 80
Jamaica 2,510 1,155 1,355 1,810 835 970
Mexico 2,045 1,040 1,010 6,655 3,330 3,320
Peru 475 190 290 235 85 150
Trinidad and Tobago 1,405 690 710 1,505 785 720
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 6,230 3,005 3,220 7,100 3,100 4,000
Other places of birth in Americas 6,205 3,030 3,175 9,425 4,550 4,875
Europe 49,280 24,425 24,850 56,705 27,815 28,890
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,815 925 890 1,055 530 525
Croatia 1,255 655 600 975 445 535
France 575 265 310 795 425 365
Germany 4,745 2,340 2,405 10,390 5,215 5,175
Greece 560 320 235 820 445 375
Hungary 755 370 385 815 435 375
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 975 550 425 650 310 340
Italy 3,050 1,590 1,460 2,755 1,405 1,350
Netherlands 2,200 1,200 1,000 2,250 1,185 1,060
Poland 6,965 3,355 3,610 5,280 2,455 2,820
Portugal 2,335 1,160 1,170 4,380 2,170 2,210
Romania 2,130 1,085 1,045 720 345 375
Russian Federation 1,975 870 1,100 4,245 2,035 2,210
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 810 360 450 355 175 175
Ukraine 3,445 1,520 1,925 4,765 2,250 2,515
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 10,175 5,190 4,980 11,665 5,655 6,015
Other places of birth in Europe 5,520 2,670 2,855 4,790 2,325 2,470
Africa 35,155 18,180 16,970 17,975 9,495 8,485
Algeria 350 185 170 115 60 55
Egypt 1,860 1,045 820 980 525 455
Ethiopia 3,950 2,020 1,935 2,525 1,360 1,165
Kenya 1,840 955 885 935 470 465
Morocco 775 480 295 250 140 110
Nigeria 3,045 1,610 1,430 3,820 2,070 1,750
Somalia 4,570 2,250 2,320 755 350 415
South Africa, Republic of 1,715 825 890 975 465 505
Other places of birth in Africa 17,050 8,820 8,230 7,630 4,055 3,570
Asia 159,590 76,970 82,620 120,230 58,215 62,015
Afghanistan 1,455 750 705 615 285 330
Bangladesh 1,555 785 775 880 475 400
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 19,150 8,790 10,360 9,250 4,460 4,790
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 7,145 3,460 3,685 1,460 715 735
India 37,035 18,895 18,140 21,990 11,395 10,595
IranCensus data footnote 61 2,525 1,350 1,180 1,180 655 530
Iraq 1,965 1,060 905 860 460 400
Japan 590 160 425 225 70 150
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 4,640 2,175 2,465 2,880 1,415 1,470
Lebanon 4,690 2,530 2,160 265 165 100
Pakistan 7,950 4,085 3,870 3,125 1,675 1,450
Philippines 40,585 17,950 22,635 61,950 28,800 33,150
Sri Lanka 2,000 990 1,015 1,015 515 505
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,985 1,080 895 805 390 410
Taiwan 965 420 545 215 110 110
Viet Nam 10,180 4,775 5,405 4,225 2,035 2,185
Other places of birth in Asia 15,180 7,720 7,460 9,285 4,590 4,695
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 3,685 1,805 1,875 575 290 280
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 71,555 35,070 36,480 63,210 31,095 32,115
Americas 5,095 2,450 2,645 4,130 1,840 2,290
Brazil 210 90 120 100 35 65
Colombia 515 225 295 185 70 120
Cuba 200 95 110 75 25 55
Haiti 170 95 75 15 10 0
Jamaica 630 275 350 340 175 165
Mexico 820 440 390 875 415 465
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,205 570 635 970 445 525
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 210 75 135 75 30 40
Other places of birth in Americas 1,135 590 545 1,490 640 850
Europe 5,825 2,970 2,860 5,155 2,650 2,505
France 90 45 45 135 70 75
Germany 385 215 170 580 310 265
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 370 250 125 135 80 60
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 175 70 95 160 85 70
Romania 345 165 180 70 30 35
Russian Federation