Census Profile, 2016 Census
Surrey, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia and Manitoba [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Surrey, CY
British Columbia
[Census subdivision]
Manitoba

[Province]
Data quality , Surrey, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia  Map : Surrey, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia
Change geography 1
Data quality : Manitoba [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 517,887 ... ... 1,278,365 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 468,251 ... ... 1,208,268 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 10.6 ... ... 5.8 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 181,159 ... ... 539,748 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 169,964 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,636.8 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 316.41 ... ... 552,370.99 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 517,885 256,400 261,485 1,278,365 631,400 646,970
0 to 14 years 92,550 47,860 44,680 243,820 125,110 118,710
0 to 4 years 29,090 15,010 14,085 81,065 41,710 39,355
5 to 9 years 32,055 16,675 15,380 83,375 42,565 40,805
10 to 14 years 31,400 16,180 15,220 79,380 40,835 38,545
15 to 64 years 352,350 174,490 177,860 835,580 417,260 418,320
15 to 19 years 34,330 17,880 16,455 82,440 42,555 39,890
20 to 24 years 35,075 18,445 16,630 86,760 44,465 42,295
25 to 29 years 33,770 16,820 16,950 86,695 43,570 43,125
30 to 34 years 36,540 17,715 18,825 85,185 42,210 42,975
35 to 39 years 36,040 17,265 18,775 81,105 39,885 41,215
40 to 44 years 36,325 17,350 18,975 79,325 39,530 39,795
45 to 49 years 37,195 18,135 19,060 79,350 39,220 40,130
50 to 54 years 38,020 18,960 19,060 89,840 44,485 45,355
55 to 59 years 34,785 17,180 17,605 87,765 43,555 44,210
60 to 64 years 30,265 14,735 15,530 77,110 37,780 39,325
65 years and over 72,990 34,045 38,940 198,965 89,025 109,945
65 to 69 years 25,545 12,325 13,220 64,905 31,280 33,625
70 to 74 years 17,970 8,610 9,350 45,980 21,940 24,040
75 to 79 years 12,560 5,945 6,620 33,555 15,250 18,305
80 to 84 years 8,470 3,920 4,550 25,315 10,740 14,575
85 years and over 8,445 3,240 5,200 29,210 9,810 19,395
85 to 89 years 5,275 2,230 3,040 17,335 6,460 10,875
90 to 94 years 2,360 785 1,575 8,945 2,710 6,230
95 to 99 years 680 175 500 2,520 580 1,940
100 years and over 130 45 85 415 60 350
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.9 18.7 17.1 19.1 19.8 18.3
15 to 64 years 68.0 68.1 68.0 65.4 66.1 64.7
65 years and over 14.1 13.3 14.9 15.6 14.1 17.0
85 years and over 1.6 1.3 2.0 2.3 1.6 3.0
Average age of the population 39.0 38.2 39.8 39.2 38.2 40.2
Median age of the population 38.7 37.7 39.6 38.3 37.2 39.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 169,965 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Single-detached house 60,195 ... ... 331,420 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 6,055 ... ... 39,080 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 102,375 ... ... 108,120 ... ...
Semi-detached house 3,495 ... ... 15,865 ... ...
Row house 26,630 ... ... 17,225 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 37,535 ... ... 7,065 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 34,560 ... ... 67,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 160 ... ... 755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,345 ... ... 10,435 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 169,965 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
1 person 34,515 ... ... 135,500 ... ...
2 persons 47,115 ... ... 164,880 ... ...
3 persons 28,225 ... ... 71,065 ... ...
4 persons 30,595 ... ... 66,675 ... ...
5 or more persons 29,510 ... ... 50,930 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 511,540 ... ... 1,240,700 ... ...
Average household size 3.0 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 425,340 208,540 216,800 1,034,545 506,280 528,260
Married or living common law 255,680 127,605 128,075 593,615 297,280 296,335
Married 232,650 116,095 116,550 503,390 252,210 251,175
Living common law 23,030 11,510 11,525 90,230 45,075 45,155
Not married and not living common law 169,660 80,930 88,725 440,925 209,000 231,930
Never married 116,675 63,800 52,870 300,415 162,440 137,980
Separated 10,195 4,215 5,985 24,845 11,080 13,765
Divorced 21,845 8,650 13,200 54,860 22,780 32,080
Widowed 20,945 4,265 16,680 60,805 12,700 48,100
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 144,495 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
2 persons 61,060 ... ... 171,435 ... ...
3 persons 32,880 ... ... 71,630 ... ...
4 persons 35,880 ... ... 65,500 ... ...
5 or more persons 14,680 ... ... 37,600 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 144,500 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
Total couple families 122,895 ... ... 287,200 ... ...
Married couples 111,380 ... ... 242,100 ... ...
Common-law couples 11,515 ... ... 45,100 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 21,605 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
Female parent 17,335 ... ... 45,930 ... ...
Male parent 4,270 ... ... 13,025 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 122,895 ... ... 287,205 ... ...
Couples without children 48,180 ... ... 137,135 ... ...
Couples with children 74,715 ... ... 150,070 ... ...
1 child 26,570 ... ... 55,730 ... ...
2 children 34,060 ... ... 59,965 ... ...
3 or more children 14,090 ... ... 34,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 21,600 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
1 child 12,880 ... ... 34,305 ... ...
2 children 6,315 ... ... 15,895 ... ...
3 or more children 2,405 ... ... 8,765 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 69,550 33,260 36,290 212,415 104,435 107,980
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 169,965 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
One-census-family households 115,660 ... ... 323,125 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 36,060 ... ... 130,475 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 79,605 ... ... 192,650 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 13,545 ... ... 11,110 ... ...
Non-census-family households 40,755 ... ... 154,815 ... ...
One-person households 34,515 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 6,240 ... ... 19,315 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 513,405 254,160 259,245 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
English only 456,620 229,945 226,665 1,135,395 566,980 568,410
French only 245 130 115 1,485 680 800
English and French 23,055 10,345 12,710 108,460 49,205 59,255
Neither English nor French 33,480 13,725 19,750 16,285 7,235 9,050
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 513,400 254,160 259,245 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
English 473,985 237,530 236,455 1,203,025 596,475 606,550
French 3,640 1,815 1,825 39,200 18,880 20,325
English and French 2,690 1,270 1,420 3,545 1,755 1,790
Neither English nor French 33,080 13,535 19,545 15,840 6,985 8,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 4,990 2,455 2,535 40,975 19,760 21,215
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.0 1.0 1.0 3.2 3.2 3.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 513,400 254,155 259,245 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
Single responses 491,865 243,460 248,410 1,230,115 608,820 621,300
Official languages 251,165 126,945 124,220 941,130 468,430 472,705
English 247,685 125,210 122,475 900,610 448,960 451,645
French 3,475 1,735 1,745 40,520 19,465 21,055
Non-official languages 240,700 116,510 124,190 288,985 140,395 148,590
Aboriginal languages 105 30 75 29,710 14,265 15,440
Algonquian languages 50 15 40 28,070 13,505 14,565
Blackfoot 5 0 5 5 0 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 30 10 20 14,820 7,085 7,740
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 30 5 20
Plains Cree 5 0 10 70 25 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 5 745 305 440
Woods Cree 0 0 0 65 20 40
Cree, n.o.s. 20 10 10 13,915 6,725 7,195
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 10 13,235 6,410 6,825
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 5 5 6,730 3,180 3,550
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,505 3,235 3,265
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 815 375 445
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 5 815 380 440
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 5 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 810 375 435
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 5 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 5 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 10 80 20 60
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 10 0 5 65 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 5 80 40 40
Salish languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 5 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 5
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5 0 0 630 305 330
Dakota 0 0 0 630 305 325
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 10 0 10 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 5 5 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 5 0 0 5 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 5 5 0 5 5 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 15 10 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 240,600 116,480 124,120 259,280 126,130 133,155
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,190 3,690 3,500 10,700 5,580 5,120
Berber languages 5 0 5 40 25 15
Kabyle 5 0 5 35 15 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 5
Cushitic languages 780 370 405 1,750 875 875
Bilen 0 0 0 155 85 70
Oromo 20 10 10 345 175 170
Somali 755 365 395 1,245 610 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 6,385 3,305 3,080 8,840 4,640 4,200
Amharic 305 150 160 1,770 885 885
Arabic 4,940 2,560 2,380 4,695 2,500 2,190
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 435 215 220 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 390 215 175 0 0 0
Harari 5 0 5 0 0 0
Hebrew 55 30 25 545 320 225
Maltese 10 5 5 40 20 25
Tigrigna 155 80 75 1,770 905 865
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 95 45 50 10 5 5
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 65 35 30
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,010 3,260 3,750 4,180 1,970 2,205
Khmer (Cambodian) 650 290 360 280 135 145
Vietnamese 6,365 2,965 3,395 3,895 1,840 2,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 0 0
Austronesian languages 20,825 9,065 11,760 52,905 24,685 28,220
Bikol 65 30 35 175 80 95
Cebuano 860 350 505 1,245 565 675
Fijian 210 105 105 35 15 15
Hiligaynon 260 115 145 390 170 220
Ilocano 1,045 435 610 1,365 630 730
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 5
Malay 430 190 240 175 65 105
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 110 50 60 655 315 340
Pangasinan 85 35 50 135 65 70
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 17,540 7,660 9,885 48,530 22,670 25,855
Waray-Waray 35 20 15 50 30 25
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 185 80 110 150 70 85
Creole languages 260 130 125 570 275 305
Haitian Creole 10 10 5 20 10 10
Creole, n.o.s. 155 80 80 290 140 145
Creole languages, n.i.e. 90 50 45 265 120 145
Dravidian languages 1,735 880 850 1,565 825 735
Kannada 55 30 30 95 50 40
Malayalam 695 350 345 790 410 380
Tamil 790 405 385 480 255 230
Telugu 170 95 80 195 115 80
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 10 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 35 20 15 5 0 0
Indo-European languages 157,060 77,565 79,500 158,350 77,605 80,750
Albanian 315 160 155 350 170 180
Armenian 95 50 45 65 35 30
Balto-Slavic languages 7,515 3,615 3,905 34,450 15,845 18,605
Baltic languages 50 20 30 165 65 95
Latvian 25 15 10 80 35 45
Lithuanian 25 5 15 85 35 45
Slavic languages 7,465 3,590 3,875 34,280 15,775 18,510
Belarusan 0 0 0 40 20 25
Bosnian 150 75 75 575 285 290
Bulgarian 110 55 55 140 70 65
Croatian 670 335 335 1,030 505 530
Czech 450 210 240 615 310 310
Macedonian 10 5 5 145 70 75
Polish 2,515 1,245 1,270 6,455 2,905 3,545
Russian 1,795 830 965 9,130 4,495 4,640
Serbian 470 250 220 655 335 320
Serbo-Croatian 85 50 40 240 110 130
Slovak 290 135 155 405 175 225
Slovene (Slovenian) 90 45 45 270 130 140
Ukrainian 800 345 455 14,505 6,325 8,180
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 75 40 30
Celtic languages 40 20 25 115 60 55
Scottish Gaelic 20 5 10 50 25 20
Welsh 20 5 10 60 30 30
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 10 10 0
Germanic languages 6,660 3,115 3,545 68,670 33,310 35,360
Afrikaans 220 100 120 420 220 205
Danish 415 215 200 280 145 135
Dutch 1,545 720 825 2,675 1,335 1,335
Frisian 30 10 20 55 30 25
German 4,070 1,885 2,185 63,825 30,940 32,890
Icelandic 30 10 15 475 210 260
Norwegian 150 70 80 115 45 65
Swedish 135 60 75 135 70 70
Vlaams (Flemish) 35 25 15 310 125 180
Yiddish 15 5 5 355 175 180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 25 10 10
Greek 600 310 285 1,285 665 615
Indo-Iranian languages 131,600 65,300 66,300 32,325 17,135 15,195
Indo-Aryan languages 128,070 63,475 64,595 29,520 15,700 13,820
Bengali 685 350 335 1,170 675 495
Gujarati 1,485 740 745 3,115 1,660 1,455
Hindi 13,260 6,345 6,915 2,270 1,215 1,060
Kashmiri 5 5 0 5 5 5
Konkani 65 30 40 35 20 15
Marathi 80 35 40 135 80 50
Nepali 410 215 200 720 355 365
Oriya (Odia) 10 10 5 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 106,100 52,785 53,315 18,320 9,650 8,670
Sindhi 210 105 100 60 30 30
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 680 335 340 670 345 320
Urdu 5,075 2,520 2,555 3,015 1,655 1,355
Iranian languages 3,410 1,760 1,650 2,705 1,365 1,335
Kurdish 170 95 70 415 210 200
Pashto 525 280 245 275 130 150
Persian (Farsi) 2,710 1,385 1,335 2,020 1,030 990
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 115 60 50 100 60 40
Italic (Romance) languages 10,235 5,005 5,230 21,100 10,385 10,710
Catalan 10 10 5 0 0 5
Italian 1,335 715 620 3,840 1,910 1,930
Portuguese 1,435 660 770 6,585 3,190 3,390
Romanian 715 365 350 645 310 335
Spanish 6,730 3,250 3,485 10,005 4,965 5,040
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 15 5 10
Japanese 1,075 385 690 540 185 350
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 5 5 0 15 5 5
Korean 8,065 3,770 4,300 3,760 1,810 1,950
Mongolic languages 25 10 10 20 5 15
Mongolian 20 15 10 20 5 15
Niger-Congo languages 1,030 535 495 3,895 1,965 1,930
Akan (Twi) 185 115 75 150 90 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 75 25 45
Edo 50 30 20 40 20 15
Ewe 30 20 15 30 20 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0 65 35 30
Ga 15 5 10 15 10 5
Ganda 15 10 5 50 20 30
Igbo 65 35 30 280 155 130
Lingala 20 10 10 75 30 40
Rundi (Kirundi) 55 25 30 135 60 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 35 10 25 250 125 120
Shona 45 15 25 110 50 60
Swahili 215 110 105 870 420 455
Wolof 0 5 5 75 50 25
Yoruba 85 55 35 1,030 525 505
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 210 95 120 640 315 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 95 40 55 395 215 180
Dinka 5 5 0 175 90 80
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 90 40 50 225 125 100
Sign languages 185 100 85 440 230 210
American Sign Language 70 35 35 240 125 115
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 115 65 45 195 100 95
Sino-Tibetan languages 33,570 15,880 17,690 18,880 9,320 9,565
Chinese languages 32,780 15,480 17,305 18,305 9,025 9,280
Cantonese 7,095 3,350 3,740 6,625 3,140 3,485
Hakka 215 100 115 55 30 25
Mandarin 22,885 10,790 12,095 10,170 5,110 5,060
Min Dong 25 15 10 5 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,320 630 690 325 150 165
Wu (Shanghainese) 335 165 175 110 55 50
Chinese, n.o.s. 865 415 450 1,010 530 475
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 790 400 390 575 295 285
Burmese 335 185 150 85 50 30
Karenic languages 335 160 175 430 215 220
Tibetan 60 25 35 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 60 30 35 55 20 35
Tai-Kadai languages 780 340 435 1,120 525 595
Lao 525 270 255 875 445 430
Thai 250 65 190 240 85 165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 5 0 0
Turkic languages 390 205 185 340 190 150
Azerbaijani 20 10 5 30 20 15
Turkish 260 145 115 210 120 95
Uyghur 60 30 35 10 5 10
Uzbek 20 10 5 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 40 25 20
Uralic languages 1,170 545 625 1,440 655 790
Estonian 60 30 30 30 10 15
Finnish 240 105 135 225 85 135
Hungarian 870 410 455 1,185 550 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 100 50 45 155 85 70
Multiple responses 21,540 10,695 10,840 31,505 15,280 16,220
English and French 775 380 395 4,365 2,140 2,230
English and non-official language 20,190 10,050 10,145 25,965 12,530 13,440
French and non-official language 270 135 135 695 380 315
English, French and non-official language 295 135 160 470 230 245
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 513,400 254,155 259,245 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
Single responses 459,485 227,590 231,885 1,197,145 593,020 604,120
Official languages 305,320 152,610 152,710 1,052,345 521,280 531,065
English 304,195 152,030 152,170 1,035,475 513,465 522,010
French 1,125 585 540 16,865 7,815 9,055
Non-official languages 154,160 74,980 79,175 144,800 71,740 73,060
Aboriginal languages 15 5 5 15,770 8,020 7,750
Algonquian languages 5 5 5 15,070 7,675 7,390
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 0 7,570 3,860 3,715
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 5 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 120 45 75
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 7,415 3,790 3,620
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 7,495 3,820 3,675
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 2,505 1,280 1,225
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 4,990 2,545 2,455
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 635 305 330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 635 305 330
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 630 305 330
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 5 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 5 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 35 25 10
Dakota 0 0 0 35 25 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 154,145 74,980 79,170 129,035 63,725 65,310
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,770 2,375 2,400 6,875 3,475 3,400
Berber languages 0 0 0 20 15 5
Kabyle 5 0 0 15 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 5 5
Cushitic languages 455 200 255 1,185 550 630
Bilen 0 0 0 120 65 55
Oromo 5 5 5 210 95 115
Somali 445 190 255 845 385 460
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 10 0
Semitic languages 4,315 2,175 2,140 5,650 2,895 2,750
Amharic 135 60 75 1,045 520 525
Arabic 3,450 1,740 1,710 3,105 1,600 1,505
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 300 150 150 5 0 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 280 150 125 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 10 5 5 355 195 160
Maltese 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tigrigna 75 35 35 1,135 580 555
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 65 30 30 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,560 2,130 2,430 2,900 1,370 1,530
Khmer (Cambodian) 395 190 210 125 55 70
Vietnamese 4,165 1,940 2,220 2,775 1,315 1,460
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 9,225 4,235 4,985 27,215 13,065 14,155
Bikol 15 5 5 30 15 15
Cebuano 305 130 170 495 250 245
Fijian 60 40 30 15 5 10
Hiligaynon 60 30 30 125 55 75
Ilocano 345 155 185 390 190 200
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 110 50 60 55 25 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 5 15 245 120 130
Pangasinan 15 10 10 30 15 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 8,240 3,785 4,455 25,790 12,375 13,420
Waray-Waray 5 5 5 10 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25 30 15 15
Creole languages 150 70 80 290 120 165
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 10 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 105 50 60 165 75 85
Creole languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25 115 45 75
Dravidian languages 885 440 445 800 400 400
Kannada 25 10 10 45 25 25
Malayalam 365 180 180 405 195 205
Tamil 410 200 210 240 120 120
Telugu 80 45 40 110 60 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 10 5 5 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 100,595 49,680 50,920 70,820 35,325 35,495
Albanian 200 90 100 155 80 75
Armenian 35 15 20 20 10 5
Balto-Slavic languages 3,090 1,510 1,580 11,685 5,670 6,015
Baltic languages 5 5 0 25 10 15
Latvian 0 0 0 15 5 5
Lithuanian 5 0 0 10 5 5
Slavic languages 3,090 1,510 1,580 11,660 5,660 6,000
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 5 0
Bosnian 70 35 40 285 145 140
Bulgarian 50 30 20 65 30 30
Croatian 190 90 100 320 145 180
Czech 135 65 65 115 55 60
Macedonian 5 5 5 85 35 45
Polish 1,030 505 525 2,010 910 1,105
Russian 1,035 505 530 5,530 2,780 2,745
Serbian 205 110 95 335 170 170
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 15 90 40 50
Slovak 85 40 40 70 35 35
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 5 55 20 30
Ukrainian 250 110 140 2,690 1,285 1,405
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 5
Celtic languages 5 5 0 20 15 10
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 10 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 665 300 365 25,825 12,700 13,125
Afrikaans 100 45 60 200 100 100
Danish 25 10 10 10 5 5
Dutch 105 45 65 270 135 130
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 390 180 210 24,795 12,185 12,615
Icelandic 10 5 5 35 15 20
Norwegian 15 5 10 10 5 5
Swedish 10 5 5 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 15 5 10
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 465 240 225
Greek 190 100 90 535 255 280
Indo-Iranian languages 91,725 45,365 46,360 22,810 11,920 10,890
Indo-Aryan languages 89,565 44,275 45,295 21,010 11,055 9,950
Bengali 410 210 200 690 390 305
Gujarati 735 340 395 2,100 1,095 1,005
Hindi 6,885 3,280 3,605 1,335 715 620
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 10 5 5 10 5 5
Marathi 30 15 15 40 25 20
Nepali 245 120 120 540 265 280
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 77,615 38,520 39,090 14,000 7,330 6,670
Sindhi 80 40 45 30 10 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 290 140 150 360 190 170
Urdu 3,260 1,600 1,655 1,895 1,035 860
Iranian languages 2,065 1,045 1,025 1,755 835 920
Kurdish 110 60 45 275 135 140
Pashto 315 160 155 165 70 95
Persian (Farsi) 1,640 820 820 1,315 635 685
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 50 45 50 25 20
Italic (Romance) languages 4,695 2,300 2,395 9,765 4,670 5,090
Catalan 5 5 0 0 0 0
Italian 240 110 125 1,035 450 590
Portuguese 510 240 270 2,800 1,305 1,500
Romanian 310 155 155 235 110 125
Spanish 3,630 1,790 1,835 5,695 2,810 2,885
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Japanese 450 190 260 175 75 105
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 10 5 0
Georgian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Korean 6,435 3,015 3,420 2,915 1,430 1,490
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 5 0 5
Mongolian 10 5 5 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 340 155 185 1,410 695 720
Akan (Twi) 70 40 30 45 30 20
Bamanankan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Edo 15 10 5 5 5 0
Ewe 5 0 0 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 0 0
Igbo 10 0 10 75 40 35
Lingala 10 5 10 40 20 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 5 20 65 35 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 10 20 105 55 50
Shona 10 5 5 10 5 10
Swahili 85 35 55 500 240 265
Wolof 0 0 0 25 20 10
Yoruba 20 10 10 345 175 170
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 25 30 125 50 75
Nilo-Saharan languages 40 15 25 130 60 70
Dinka 0 0 0 80 35 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 40 10 25 55 30 25
Sign languages 230 120 105 560 310 255
American Sign Language 85 40 45 255 135 120
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 150 80 65 305 170 135
Sino-Tibetan languages 25,545 12,120 13,430 13,910 6,920 6,985
Chinese languages 24,905 11,790 13,115 13,445 6,685 6,765
Cantonese 4,620 2,180 2,440 4,455 2,105 2,350
Hakka 60 25 35 25 10 15
Mandarin 18,820 8,910 9,910 8,080 4,105 3,975
Min Dong 0 0 5 5 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 625 300 330 135 65 70
Wu (Shanghainese) 195 90 100 65 30 35
Chinese, n.o.s. 555 265 285 675 365 315
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 640 325 310 465 235 225
Burmese 285 155 130 55 30 25
Karenic languages 310 155 160 370 190 180
Tibetan 25 15 15 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 40 15 20
Tai-Kadai languages 375 175 200 535 250 280
Lao 270 135 135 430 210 220
Thai 105 40 65 105 40 65
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 180 95 85 135 70 65
Azerbaijani 5 0 5 10 5 10
Turkish 125 65 55 65 35 35
Uyghur 30 15 15 0 0 0
Uzbek 10 10 0 35 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 25 10 15
Uralic languages 300 135 165 305 140 165
Estonian 20 5 10 0 0 0
Finnish 45 20 25 35 15 15
Hungarian 240 115 130 270 125 145
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 40 25 20
Multiple responses 53,920 26,565 27,355 64,475 31,080 33,400
English and French 525 245 285 3,090 1,440 1,645
English and non-official language 52,775 26,050 26,725 60,090 28,995 31,090
French and non-official language 120 45 70 415 215 205
English, French and non-official language 500 225 280 885 420 455
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 513,400 254,160 259,245 1,261,615 624,095 637,520
None 395,270 196,135 199,135 1,079,050 535,990 543,065
English 57,240 28,705 28,530 76,350 37,795 38,550
French 2,525 1,150 1,375 20,200 9,130 11,075
Non-official language 56,675 27,335 29,340 83,315 39,860 43,455
Aboriginal 95 40 55 16,105 7,590 8,515
Non-Aboriginal 56,580 27,295 29,285 67,215 32,275 34,940
English and French 200 100 100 305 150 150
English and non-official language 1,100 540 560 1,610 815 790
French and non-official language 375 180 195 770 345 420
English, French and non-official language 10 10 10 20 5 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 419,060 205,495 213,570 1,001,305 491,590 509,715
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 397,735 195,290 202,440 954,035 467,790 486,250
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,822 36,533 24,663 34,188 40,379 29,220
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 398,230 195,735 202,495 954,205 467,820 486,390
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,200 32,228 23,441 30,465 35,150 26,561
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 349,505 176,850 172,655 859,545 431,145 428,400
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,979 37,122 23,748 32,592 39,229 26,692
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 285,365 122,180 163,185 701,840 309,530 392,310
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,266 1,478 4,330 4,268 1,890 5,434
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 301,705 156,635 145,070 722,785 374,850 347,935
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,804 37,394 25,015 33,677 39,365 28,679
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 419,065 205,530 213,540 1,001,305 491,580 509,725
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 397,880 195,320 202,560 953,960 467,575 486,385
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,978 47,640 32,589 43,767 51,068 36,747
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 398,370 195,760 202,605 954,175 467,605 486,565
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,815 39,183 28,628 35,957 41,013 31,097
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 350,080 176,880 173,200 859,575 431,035 428,540
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,195 48,434 31,782 42,776 50,803 34,704
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 285,325 122,325 163,000 701,830 308,940 392,890
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,430 6,033 6,728 7,099 6,411 7,640
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 301,705 156,380 145,325 722,785 374,535 348,250
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,014 47,626 31,823 42,551 49,417 35,168
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 419,065 205,525 213,540 1,001,310 491,580 509,725
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 124,605 72,975 51,630 350,580 201,335 149,245
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 50,026 55,725 44,357 50,026 54,580 44,818
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 59,318 66,016 49,850 59,523 65,410 51,581
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.5 92.1 83.4 88.0 91.7 83.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 75.6 79.6 69.8 73.6 77.4 68.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.5 7.9 16.6 12.0 8.3 16.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 419,065 205,495 213,570 1,001,310 491,585 509,720
Without total income 21,330 10,205 11,125 47,270 23,800 23,470
With total income 397,735 195,295 202,445 954,040 467,790 486,245
Percentage with total income 94.9 95.0 94.8 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 69,415 28,885 40,535 137,700 62,550 75,150
$10,000 to $19,999 76,230 31,215 45,015 150,320 58,320 91,995
$20,000 to $29,999 54,095 23,260 30,840 136,510 54,950 81,560
$30,000 to $39,999 46,405 21,720 24,690 123,685 55,805 67,885
$40,000 to $49,999 39,630 19,750 19,880 109,710 54,650 55,060
$50,000 to $59,999 30,080 16,185 13,890 80,625 45,170 35,460
$60,000 to $69,999 22,130 13,355 8,775 58,785 35,250 23,535
$70,000 to $79,999 15,900 10,105 5,790 43,365 26,465 16,895
$80,000 to $89,999 12,205 7,815 4,400 34,000 20,100 13,905
$90,000 to $99,999 8,375 5,565 2,815 21,980 13,545 8,440
$100,000 and over 23,265 17,445 5,820 57,355 40,985 16,370
$100,000 to $149,999 16,225 11,865 4,360 40,870 28,585 12,285
$150,000 and over 7,040 5,580 1,460 16,490 12,395 4,090
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 419,065 205,495 213,570 1,001,305 491,585 509,720
Without after-tax income 20,830 9,760 11,070 47,100 23,770 23,330
With after-tax income 398,230 195,735 202,495 954,205 467,820 486,390
Percentage with after-tax income 95.0 95.3 94.8 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 71,655 30,315 41,335 142,035 63,525 78,510
$10,000 to $19,999 79,805 33,255 46,555 161,865 63,410 98,460
$20,000 to $29,999 64,300 28,495 35,805 165,880 68,985 96,895
$30,000 to $39,999 54,050 26,070 27,975 153,680 73,335 80,350
$40,000 to $49,999 42,865 22,185 20,685 116,415 63,755 52,660
$50,000 to $59,999 29,110 17,155 11,955 78,105 46,940 31,160
$60,000 to $69,999 19,245 12,240 7,005 53,870 32,165 21,705
$70,000 to $79,999 13,140 8,310 4,835 31,690 19,680 12,010
$80,000 and over 24,065 17,720 6,345 50,655 36,025 14,630
$80,000 to $89,999 7,915 5,410 2,510 18,025 12,260 5,760
$90,000 to $99,999 4,725 3,505 1,220 10,325 7,305 3,015
$100,000 and over 11,420 8,805 2,615 22,305 16,460 5,850
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 419,065 205,495 213,570 1,001,305 491,590 509,720
Without employment income 117,355 48,860 68,500 278,525 116,740 161,775
With employment income 301,710 156,635 145,070 722,785 374,845 347,940
Percentage with employment income 72.0 76.2 67.9 72.2 76.3 68.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 41,110 18,615 22,490 90,045 42,675 47,375
$5,000 to $9,999 24,800 10,380 14,425 54,560 23,875 30,690
$10,000 to $19,999 44,505 19,570 24,935 94,460 41,920 52,535
$20,000 to $29,999 37,220 17,150 20,065 89,540 39,650 49,895
$30,000 to $39,999 34,510 16,805 17,705 88,340 41,905 46,440
$40,000 to $49,999 30,535 15,565 14,970 77,755 40,205 37,550
$50,000 to $59,999 23,420 13,180 10,240 58,900 34,355 24,550
$60,000 to $69,999 17,575 11,210 6,365 44,085 27,115 16,970
$70,000 to $79,999 12,945 8,490 4,455 34,450 21,375 13,075
$80,000 and over 35,085 25,660 9,425 90,650 61,780 28,865
$80,000 to $89,999 10,220 6,655 3,565 28,365 16,860 11,505
$90,000 to $99,999 6,800 4,735 2,065 17,635 11,355 6,275
$100,000 and over 18,065 14,270 3,795 44,650 33,560 11,095
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 169,965 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 77,494 ... ... 68,147 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 68,060 ... ... 59,093 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 34,515 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,675 ... ... 35,846 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,381 ... ... 31,538 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 135,445 ... ... 353,550 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,657 ... ... 84,532 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,548 ... ... 72,688 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 169,965 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 93,586 ... ... 85,373 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 79,256 ... ... 70,154 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 34,500 ... ... 135,440 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,234 ... ... 44,208 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,166 ... ... 36,503 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 135,465 ... ... 353,605 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 105,900 ... ... 101,140 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 89,720 ... ... 83,044 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 169,965 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,065 ... ... 9,250 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,950 ... ... 8,175 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,975 ... ... 11,450 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,235 ... ... 18,260 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 5,585 ... ... 21,395 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 5,820 ... ... 19,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 5,990 ... ... 21,090 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 6,400 ... ... 21,745 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 6,490 ... ... 21,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 6,550 ... ... 21,225 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 13,000 ... ... 40,240 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 12,310 ... ... 37,910 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 11,340 ... ... 34,275 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 11,095 ... ... 31,555 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 9,675 ... ... 27,215 ... ...
$100,000 and over 61,475 ... ... 144,620 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 20,385 ... ... 52,495 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 14,075 ... ... 34,595 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 15,450 ... ... 34,670 ... ...
$200,000 and over 11,570 ... ... 22,865 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 169,965 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,255 ... ... 9,725 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,985 ... ... 8,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,030 ... ... 11,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,435 ... ... 19,325 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 6,340 ... ... 24,370 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,915 ... ... 22,665 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 7,340 ... ... 25,915 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 7,650 ... ... 26,725 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 7,985 ... ... 25,965 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 7,785 ... ... 25,290 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 14,970 ... ... 48,610 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 13,950 ... ... 44,280 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 13,175 ... ... 38,890 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 11,775 ... ... 32,370 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 10,275 ... ... 26,890 ... ...
$100,000 and over 47,105 ... ... 97,850 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 19,380 ... ... 46,355 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 11,780 ... ... 24,795 ... ...
$150,000 and over 15,950 ... ... 26,705 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 132,070 ... ... 341,205 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,793 ... ... 84,441 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 78,901 ... ... 72,563 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.5 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 35,330 ... ... 127,580 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,991 ... ... 79,103 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,731 ... ... 67,596 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 73,685 ... ... 150,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,953 ... ... 104,902 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 91,865 ... ... 89,307 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.4 ... ... 4.2 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 18,180 ... ... 52,215 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,135 ... ... 49,922 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,352 ... ... 46,048 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 131,980 ... ... 341,235 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 104,987 ... ... 101,410 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,838 ... ... 83,132 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 35,250 ... ... 127,710 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,517 ... ... 95,583 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,370 ... ... 77,743 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 73,805 ... ... 150,695 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 119,698 ... ... 122,176 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 101,378 ... ... 99,399 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 18,050 ... ... 52,130 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,818 ... ... 60,006 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,188 ... ... 52,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 52,060 26,955 25,105 175,270 86,935 88,335
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,548 32,897 30,263 32,927 35,568 30,818
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,501 29,419 27,643 29,429 31,130 28,062
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 51,935 26,555 25,385 174,945 86,380 88,565
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,475 40,766 38,124 40,853 43,332 38,434
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,616 34,316 32,884 33,961 35,291 32,663
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 511,540 253,320 258,220 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
In the bottom half of the distribution 263,500 128,320 135,180 687,930 332,640 355,290
In the bottom decile 53,940 26,540 27,400 151,750 74,825 76,930
In the second decile 49,270 23,365 25,905 135,485 62,035 73,450
In the third decile 51,145 24,800 26,350 135,395 64,805 70,590
In the fourth decile 54,560 26,650 27,905 132,755 65,185 67,575
In the fifth decile 54,580 26,960 27,615 132,540 65,790 66,750
In the top half of the distribution 248,040 125,000 123,035 552,770 281,805 270,965
In the sixth decile 54,190 26,860 27,335 127,575 64,305 63,265
In the seventh decile 53,400 26,775 26,620 123,505 62,770 60,735
In the eighth decile 52,060 26,370 25,685 116,805 59,460 57,350
In the ninth decile 48,155 24,395 23,760 104,820 53,835 50,980
In the top decile 40,240 20,600 19,640 80,070 41,435 38,640
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 511,540 253,325 258,215 1,175,720 581,585 594,135
0 to 17 years 112,320 58,195 54,120 260,905 134,075 126,830
0 to 5 years 35,185 18,145 17,040 85,935 44,240 41,695
18 to 64 years 330,060 162,380 167,680 737,035 365,965 371,070
65 years and over 69,165 32,745 36,420 177,780 81,540 96,235
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 75,640 36,500 39,145 180,880 85,185 95,690
0 to 17 years 21,985 11,355 10,625 57,185 29,390 27,790
0 to 5 years 6,795 3,440 3,350 21,325 10,970 10,355
18 to 64 years 44,940 21,345 23,600 98,920 46,630 52,285
65 years and over 8,715 3,795 4,915 24,785 9,165 15,615
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.8 14.4 15.2 15.4 14.6 16.1
0 to 17 years (%) 19.6 19.5 19.6 21.9 21.9 21.9
0 to 5 years (%) 19.3 19.0 19.7 24.8 24.8 24.8
18 to 64 years (%) 13.6 13.1 14.1 13.4 12.7 14.1
65 years and over (%) 12.6 11.6 13.5 13.9 11.2 16.2
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 60,260 29,565 30,695 115,965 56,255 59,705
0 to 17 years 16,925 8,705 8,225 33,260 17,040 16,220
0 to 5 years 5,170 2,595 2,575 12,310 6,325 5,985
18 to 64 years 38,355 18,710 19,645 73,655 35,895 37,760
65 years and over 4,980 2,150 2,825 9,045 3,325 5,725
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 11.8 11.7 11.9 9.9 9.7 10.0
0 to 17 years (%) 15.1 15.0 15.2 12.7 12.7 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 14.7 14.3 15.1 14.3 14.3 14.4
18 to 64 years (%) 11.6 11.5 11.7 10.0 9.8 10.2
65 years and over (%) 7.2 6.6 7.8 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 511,540 253,265 258,275 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Official languages 478,215 239,765 238,450 1,224,985 607,375 617,605
English 478,010 239,640 238,370 1,223,665 606,760 616,905
French 22,960 10,450 12,510 108,560 49,435 59,130
Non-official languages 287,750 139,540 148,210 340,250 165,150 175,100
Aboriginal languages 225 80 140 40,465 19,410 21,050
Algonquian languages 95 30 65 38,305 18,375 19,930
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cree-Montagnais languages 45 20 25 20,975 10,025 10,955
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 85 25 55
Plains Cree 20 10 10 190 90 100
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 1,140 505 640
Woods Cree 0 0 0 130 65 65
Cree, n.o.s. 20 10 10 19,435 9,340 10,095
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 10 10 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 10 10 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 45 10 35 17,710 8,520 9,185
Algonquin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ojibway 45 10 30 9,685 4,560 5,125
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 8,045 3,975 4,070
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 1,120 525 595
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 1,110 520 590
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 10 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 1,110 520 595
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 10 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 20 20 10 0 0 0
Inuit languages 20 10 10 110 55 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 20 0 10 80 35 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 15 10 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 0 210 115 95
Salish languages 45 10 30 0 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 10 0 10
Lillooet 10 0 10 0 0 0
Okanagan 35 15 20 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 760 365 395
Dakota 0 0 0 760 360 400
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 10 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 10 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 15 0 10 10 0 10
Haisla 10 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 287,525 139,460 148,070 299,900 145,795 154,110
Afro-Asiatic languages 9,070 4,570 4,500 15,730 8,320 7,410
Berber languages 30 10 20 85 50 40
Kabyle 25 10 15 45 25 20
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 50 35 10
Cushitic languages 1,055 460 600 2,300 1,195 1,105
Bilen 0 0 0 210 120 85
Oromo 15 10 10 535 275 260
Somali 1,045 455 590 1,550 790 760
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 15 15 10
Semitic languages 8,065 4,130 3,935 13,685 7,300 6,390
Amharic 505 240 265 2,475 1,370 1,105
Arabic 6,835 3,510 3,320 6,650 3,590 3,055
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 480 245 235 15 0 10
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 475 240 235 10 0 0
Harari 10 0 0 0 10 0
Hebrew 220 135 80 3,370 1,735 1,635
Maltese 55 15 40 65 30 35
Tigrigna 220 135 85 2,225 1,175 1,050
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 230 115 110 15 10 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 155 80 80
Austro-Asiatic languages 8,750 4,205 4,545 5,230 2,545 2,685
Khmer (Cambodian) 770 350 425 335 185 150
Vietnamese 8,025 3,880 4,145 4,905 2,370 2,535
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 26,440 11,550 14,885 65,305 30,220 35,090
Bikol 115 50 60 225 100 125
Cebuano 1,180 445 730 1,615 805 810
Fijian 540 320 225 65 35 30
Hiligaynon 335 175 160 425 180 245
Ilocano 1,285 495 785 1,875 880 990
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 1,010 425 590 375 180 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 140 70 70 945 415 530
Pangasinan 95 45 50 205 100 110
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 24,320 10,560 13,760 64,165 29,640 34,520
Waray-Waray 65 35 30 115 55 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 230 105 125 200 80 120
Creole languages 735 385 355 1,310 605 705
Haitian Creole 20 10 10 25 10 15
Creole, n.o.s. 460 235 225 635 310 315
Creole languages, n.i.e. 270 140 135 680 305 375
Dravidian languages 2,575 1,375 1,205 1,840 945 895
Kannada 105 35 65 175 95 80
Malayalam 1,020 555 470 830 400 430
Tamil 1,315 705 610 655 330 325
Telugu 290 170 120 255 150 110
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 15 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 20 10 10 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 191,080 94,570 96,515 175,950 86,435 89,510
Albanian 445 205 240 390 195 195
Armenian 160 95 65 65 50 15
Balto-Slavic languages 8,790 4,340 4,450 39,530 18,780 20,745
Baltic languages 35 20 20 230 90 140
Latvian 20 15 0 115 45 70
Lithuanian 15 0 15 120 50 65
Slavic languages 8,760 4,330 4,430 39,360 18,720 20,640
Belarusan 0 10 0 65 25 45
Bosnian 270 135 135 835 405 430
Bulgarian 185 80 105 155 95 60
Croatian 870 445 425 1,595 765 825
Czech 540 255 290 735 335 395
Macedonian 25 10 10 140 75 60
Polish 2,830 1,420 1,415 7,655 3,625 4,035
Russian 2,490 1,225 1,265 13,455 6,715 6,740
Serbian 650 340 305 870 470 400
Serbo-Croatian 90 45 40 190 75 115
Slovak 390 185 205 480 215 260
Slovene (Slovenian) 120 70 50 275 100 175
Ukrainian 1,060 450 605 17,095 7,795 9,305
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 20 70 35 30
Celtic languages 85 40 50 225 125 100
Scottish Gaelic 50 30 15 90 65 25
Welsh 25 10 25 90 45 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 45 15 25
Germanic languages 8,745 4,080 4,665 68,285 33,250 35,035
Afrikaans 585 260 320 715 330 385
Danish 390 165 225 270 120 150
Dutch 1,815 840 980 3,120 1,555 1,565
Frisian 35 20 20 90 65 30
German 5,675 2,705 2,965 61,760 30,170 31,600
Icelandic 15 10 0 560 225 335
Norwegian 190 90 100 290 115 175
Swedish 300 135 170 270 125 150
Vlaams (Flemish) 30 15 15 270 120 155
Yiddish 25 15 10 545 235 315
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 2,490 1,285 1,205
Greek 900 475 430 2,010 1,015 1,000
Indo-Iranian languages 157,915 78,645 79,265 38,760 20,480 18,280
Indo-Aryan languages 154,075 76,740 77,340 35,830 18,990 16,835
Bengali 980 485 495 1,520 885 635
Gujarati 2,060 995 1,065 3,905 2,065 1,840
Hindi 39,080 18,940 20,140 12,900 6,900 6,000
Kashmiri 15 10 10 20 15 10
Konkani 70 35 35 40 30 10
Marathi 165 80 90 275 170 105
Nepali 465 225 240 600 285 315
Oriya (Odia) 25 15 10 15 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 128,515 64,430 64,090 22,900 12,035 10,865
Sindhi 380 195 185 150 85 65
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 950 510 445 920 500 420
Urdu 7,950 4,050 3,900 4,600 2,540 2,060
Iranian languages 4,295 2,150 2,145 3,035 1,525 1,515
Kurdish 315 175 140 600 295 305
Pashto 795 430 365 290 135 150
Persian (Farsi) 3,485 1,735 1,750 2,295 1,175 1,120
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 280 140 140 230 125 105
Italic (Romance) languages 15,840 7,670 8,170 34,360 16,630 17,735
Catalan 0 10 0 15 10 10
Italian 2,170 1,180 995 5,350 2,610 2,735
Portuguese 1,930 875 1,060 8,460 4,125 4,335
Romanian 840 450 390 785 395 390
Spanish 11,310 5,340 5,965 20,605 9,910 10,695
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 60 45 15
Japanese 2,035 910 1,125 1,160 550 605
Kartvelian languages 10 0 0 10 0 15
Georgian 10 10 10 15 0 15
Korean 8,915 4,165 4,745 4,240 2,100 2,145
Mongolic languages 55 35 20 55 20 35
Mongolian 55 30 20 55 20 30
Niger-Congo languages 1,870 960 910 7,970 4,125 3,845
Akan (Twi) 240 140 95 260 165 95
Bamanankan 0 0 0 160 95 65
Edo 75 40 30 95 60 30
Ewe 45 30 10 50 30 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 0 50 25 25
Ga 65 40 25 30 10 15
Ganda 30 15 10 230 110 120
Igbo 90 45 35 665 345 325
Lingala 90 45 50 655 315 345
Rundi (Kirundi) 55 20 35 205 105 105
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 85 35 50 305 155 155
Shona 60 30 25 250 110 140
Swahili 620 350 270 1,930 1,020 905
Wolof 10 0 10 150 85 70
Yoruba 255 125 125 2,630 1,330 1,295
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 450 180 270 1,440 765 680
Nilo-Saharan languages 70 40 30 410 225 185
Dinka 10 15 0 180 105 75
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 55 20 35 225 120 105
Sign languages 645 195 445 2,670 985 1,685
American Sign Language 315 75 240 1,710 625 1,090
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 355 130 215 975 365 610
Sino-Tibetan languages 37,450 17,735 19,715 21,130 10,490 10,650
Chinese languages 36,485 17,235 19,250 20,475 10,185 10,285
Cantonese 9,360 4,395 4,960 8,310 3,920 4,390
Hakka 275 130 150 50 30 20
Mandarin 28,980 13,620 15,360 12,825 6,460 6,365
Min Dong 10 10 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,865 885 980 480 230 250
Wu (Shanghainese) 385 170 215 185 95 85
Chinese, n.o.s. 840 385 460 1,115 600 510
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,020 525 495 675 310 370
Burmese 475 255 220 185 115 70
Karenic languages 495 235 265 465 200 265
Tibetan 90 55 35 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 50 15 35 145 60 80
Tai-Kadai languages 1,015 450 565 1,565 730 835
Lao 690 335 350 1,120 520 600
Thai 415 145 265 575 270 305
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 465 250 215 510 250 265
Azerbaijani 20 10 10 50 25 30
Turkish 395 220 175 365 180 185
Uyghur 35 15 25 30 15 10
Uzbek 25 10 0 40 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 45 15 30
Uralic languages 1,510 700 810 1,550 730 815
Estonian 80 35 45 45 20 25
Finnish 295 125 175 265 105 160
Hungarian 1,140 540 595 1,235 600 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 185 95 90 445 290 150
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 511,540 253,265 258,275 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 439,690 218,815 220,870 1,133,080 560,165 572,920
Canadian citizens aged under 18 102,480 53,305 49,175 266,225 136,640 129,585
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 337,215 165,515 171,700 866,855 423,520 443,335
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 71,850 34,445 37,405 107,620 54,280 53,340
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 511,540 253,265 258,275 1,240,700 614,445 626,255
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 281,190 142,415 138,775 996,860 494,285 502,570
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 220,155 105,615 114,540 227,465 111,095 116,365
Before 1981 37,055 18,325 18,725 50,025 23,340 26,680
1981 to 1990 25,490 12,275 13,220 20,205 10,190 10,010
1991 to 2000 52,570 25,120 27,455 23,040 11,165 11,875
2001 to 2010 68,700 32,460 36,235 70,985 35,305 35,680
2001 to 2005 32,005 14,965 17,040 22,570 11,195 11,370
2006 to 2010 36,695 17,500 19,200 48,415 24,110 24,305
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 36,340 17,435 18,905 63,210 31,095 32,120
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 10,195 5,235 4,960 16,375 9,055 7,320
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 220,155 105,615 114,535 227,470 111,100 116,370
Under 5 years 16,360 8,585 7,780 25,595 12,975 12,625
5 to 14 years 31,945 16,425 15,520 45,570 23,305 22,265
15 to 24 years 55,145 24,875 30,280 44,585 20,820 23,770
25 to 44 years 83,940 40,600 43,340 93,700 45,160 48,540
45 years and over 32,755 15,135 17,625 18,010 8,845 9,170
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 220,155 105,615 114,540 227,465 111,095 116,365
Americas 11,340 5,300 6,045 31,980 15,285 16,700
Brazil 330 125 210 435 170 265
Colombia 650 290 360 1,050 510 545
El Salvador 1,385 745 645 2,480 1,325 1,155
Guyana 205 90 115 1,135 515 620
Haiti 85 30 55 155 75 80
Jamaica 615 335 280 1,810 835 970
Mexico 890 355 540 6,655 3,330 3,320
Peru 320 160 155 235 85 150
Trinidad and Tobago 385 185 200 1,505 785 720
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 3,915 1,780 2,135 7,100 3,100 4,000
Other places of birth in Americas 2,560 1,205 1,360 9,425 4,550 4,875
Europe 25,910 12,925 12,990 56,705 27,815 28,890
Bosnia and Herzegovina 450 230 220 1,055 530 525
Croatia 500 255 250 975 445 535
France 245 100 145 795 425 365
Germany 2,450 1,195 1,255 10,390 5,215 5,175
Greece 420 220 200 820 445 375
Hungary 715 370 340 815 435 375
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 340 180 155 650 310 340
Italy 940 510 430 2,755 1,405 1,350
Netherlands 1,355 690 660 2,250 1,185 1,060
Poland 2,235 1,110 1,125 5,280 2,455 2,820
Portugal 810 400 410 4,380 2,170 2,210
Romania 700 360 340 720 345 375
Russian Federation 780 310 460 4,245 2,035 2,210
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 310 155 150 355 175 175
Ukraine 710 365 345 4,765 2,250 2,515
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 9,655 4,875 4,775 11,665 5,655 6,015
Other places of birth in Europe 3,300 1,585 1,715 4,790 2,325 2,470
Africa 7,000 3,545 3,450 17,975 9,495 8,485
Algeria 85 60 30 115 60 55
Egypt 355 175 180 980 525 455
Ethiopia 455 220 240 2,525 1,360 1,165
Kenya 705 370 340 935 470 465
Morocco 180 90 95 250 140 110
Nigeria 585 310 275 3,820 2,070 1,750
Somalia 600 270 330 755 350 415
South Africa, Republic of 1,010 495 515 975 465 505
Other places of birth in Africa 3,010 1,555 1,455 7,630 4,055 3,570
Asia 166,110 79,380 86,730 120,230 58,215 62,015
Afghanistan 1,660 800 860 615 285 330
Bangladesh 615 310 305 880 475 400
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 18,490 8,650 9,840 9,250 4,460 4,790
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 2,370 1,095 1,275 1,460 715 735
India 81,730 39,960 41,775 21,990 11,395 10,595
IranCensus data footnote 61 965 545 420 1,180 655 530
Iraq 2,580 1,305 1,270 860 460 400
Japan 755 240 520 225 70 150
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 6,455 3,070 3,385 2,880 1,415 1,470
Lebanon 510 250 260 265 165 100
Pakistan 4,985 2,490 2,495 3,125 1,675 1,450
Philippines 24,120 10,630 13,485 61,950 28,800 33,150
Sri Lanka 1,365 735 620 1,015 515 505
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 895 435 465 805 390 410
Taiwan 5,335 2,460 2,870 215 110 110
Viet Nam 5,355 2,515 2,840 4,225 2,035 2,185
Other places of birth in Asia 7,945 3,885 4,060 9,285 4,590 4,695
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 9,790 4,465 5,325 575 290 280
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 36,335 17,435 18,900 63,210 31,095 32,115
Americas 1,430 740 690 4,130 1,840 2,290
Brazil 105 40 70 100 35 65
Colombia 80 45 35 185 70 120
Cuba 0 10 0 75 25 55
Haiti 0 0 0 15 10 0
Jamaica 60 35 20 340 175 165
Mexico 245 125 125 875 415 465
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 420 240 175 970 445 525
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 15 10 10 75 30 40
Other places of birth in Americas 490 240 255 1,490 640 850
Europe 1,295 665 630 5,155 2,650 2,505
France 15 10 10 135 70 75
Germany 65 40 30 580 310 265
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 45 35 10 135 80 60
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 15 0 10 160 85 70
Romania 65 25 35 70 30 35
Russian Federation 55