Census Profile, 2016 Census
Surrey, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Surrey, CY
British Columbia
[Census subdivision]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Surrey, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia  Map : Surrey, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 517,887 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 468,251 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 10.6 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 181,159 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 169,964 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,636.8 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 316.41 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 517,885 256,400 261,485 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 92,550 47,860 44,680 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 29,090 15,010 14,085 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 32,055 16,675 15,380 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 31,400 16,180 15,220 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 352,350 174,490 177,860 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 34,330 17,880 16,455 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 35,075 18,445 16,630 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 33,770 16,820 16,950 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 36,540 17,715 18,825 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 36,040 17,265 18,775 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 36,325 17,350 18,975 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 37,195 18,135 19,060 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 38,020 18,960 19,060 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 34,785 17,180 17,605 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 30,265 14,735 15,530 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 72,990 34,045 38,940 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 25,545 12,325 13,220 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 17,970 8,610 9,350 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 12,560 5,945 6,620 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 8,470 3,920 4,550 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 8,445 3,240 5,200 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 5,275 2,230 3,040 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 2,360 785 1,575 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 680 175 500 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 130 45 85 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.9 18.7 17.1 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 68.0 68.1 68.0 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 14.1 13.3 14.9 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 1.6 1.3 2.0 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 39.0 38.2 39.8 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 38.7 37.7 39.6 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 169,965 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 60,195 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 6,055 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 102,375 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 3,495 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 26,630 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 37,535 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 34,560 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 160 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,345 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 169,965 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 34,515 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 47,115 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 28,225 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 30,595 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 29,510 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 511,540 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 3.0 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 425,340 208,540 216,800 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 255,680 127,605 128,075 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 232,650 116,095 116,550 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 23,030 11,510 11,525 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 169,660 80,930 88,725 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 116,675 63,800 52,870 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 10,195 4,215 5,985 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 21,845 8,650 13,200 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 20,945 4,265 16,680 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 144,495 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 61,060 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 32,880 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 35,880 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 14,680 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 144,500 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 122,895 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 111,380 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 11,515 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 21,605 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 17,335 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 4,270 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 122,895 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 48,180 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 74,715 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 26,570 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 34,060 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 14,090 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 21,600 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 12,880 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 6,315 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 2,405 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 69,550 33,260 36,290 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 169,965 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 115,660 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 36,060 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 79,605 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 13,545 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 40,755 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 34,515 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 6,240 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 513,405 254,160 259,245 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 456,620 229,945 226,665 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 245 130 115 1,810 820 985
English and French 23,055 10,345 12,710 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 33,480 13,725 19,750 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 513,400 254,160 259,245 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 473,985 237,530 236,455 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 3,640 1,815 1,825 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 2,690 1,270 1,420 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 33,080 13,535 19,545 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 4,990 2,455 2,535 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 513,400 254,155 259,245 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 491,865 243,460 248,410 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 251,165 126,945 124,220 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 247,685 125,210 122,475 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 3,475 1,735 1,745 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 240,700 116,510 124,190 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 105 30 75 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 50 15 40 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 5 0 5 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 30 10 20 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 5 0 10 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 5 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 20 10 10 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 5 10 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 10 5 5 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 5 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 5 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 5 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 5 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 5 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 10 0 10 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 10 0 5 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 5 0 5 35 20 10
Salish languages 5 0 5 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 5 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 250 130 120
Siouan languages 5 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 10 0 10 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 5 5 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 5 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 5 5 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 5 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 240,600 116,480 124,120 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,190 3,690 3,500 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 5 0 5 115 75 45
Kabyle 5 0 5 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 780 370 405 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 20 10 10 205 115 95
Somali 755 365 395 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 6,385 3,305 3,080 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 305 150 160 1,370 670 700
Arabic 4,940 2,560 2,380 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 435 215 220 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 390 215 175 440 245 200
Harari 5 0 5 20 5 15
Hebrew 55 30 25 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 10 5 5 215 100 115
Tigrigna 155 80 75 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 95 45 50 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,010 3,260 3,750 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 650 290 360 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 6,365 2,965 3,395 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 20,825 9,065 11,760 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 65 30 35 375 165 215
Cebuano 860 350 505 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 210 105 105 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 260 115 145 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 1,045 435 610 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 430 190 240 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 110 50 60 700 320 380
Pangasinan 85 35 50 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 17,540 7,660 9,885 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 35 20 15 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 185 80 110 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 260 130 125 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 10 10 5 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 155 80 80 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 90 50 45 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 1,735 880 850 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 55 30 30 280 150 135
Malayalam 695 350 345 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 790 405 385 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 170 95 80 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 35 20 15 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 157,060 77,565 79,500 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 315 160 155 1,465 765 705
Armenian 95 50 45 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 7,515 3,615 3,905 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 50 20 30 1,070 485 585
Latvian 25 15 10 565 255 300
Lithuanian 25 5 15 505 225 280
Slavic languages 7,465 3,590 3,875 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 150 75 75 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 110 55 55 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 670 335 335 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 450 210 240 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 10 5 5 325 160 165
Polish 2,515 1,245 1,270 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 1,795 830 965 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 470 250 220 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 85 50 40 1,395 670 725
Slovak 290 135 155 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 90 45 45 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 800 345 455 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 345 175 170
Celtic languages 40 20 25 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 20 5 10 240 130 110
Welsh 20 5 10 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 95 50 45
Germanic languages 6,660 3,115 3,545 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 220 100 120 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 415 215 200 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 1,545 720 825 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 30 10 20 295 145 145
German 4,070 1,885 2,185 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 30 10 15 275 135 145
Norwegian 150 70 80 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 135 60 75 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 35 25 15 445 220 225
Yiddish 15 5 5 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 600 310 285 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 131,600 65,300 66,300 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 128,070 63,475 64,595 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 685 350 335 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 1,485 740 745 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 13,260 6,345 6,915 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 5 5 0 65 35 25
Konkani 65 30 40 255 130 125
Marathi 80 35 40 620 325 295
Nepali 410 215 200 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 10 10 5 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 106,100 52,785 53,315 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 210 105 100 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 680 335 340 1,675 845 830
Urdu 5,075 2,520 2,555 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 3,410 1,760 1,650 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 170 95 70 1,765 945 825
Pashto 525 280 245 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 2,710 1,385 1,335 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 115 60 50 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 10,235 5,005 5,230 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 10 10 5 160 85 75
Italian 1,335 715 620 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 1,435 660 770 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 715 365 350 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 6,730 3,250 3,485 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 105 65 40
Japanese 1,075 385 690 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 5 5 0 85 50 40
Korean 8,065 3,770 4,300 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 25 10 10 360 150 205
Mongolian 20 15 10 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 1,030 535 495 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 185 115 75 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 50 30 20 85 50 35
Ewe 30 20 15 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 15 5 10 45 20 25
Ganda 15 10 5 90 45 45
Igbo 65 35 30 245 145 105
Lingala 20 10 10 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 55 25 30 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 35 10 25 155 70 80
Shona 45 15 25 215 100 115
Swahili 215 110 105 805 400 405
Wolof 0 5 5 50 25 25
Yoruba 85 55 35 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 210 95 120 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 95 40 55 340 175 165
Dinka 5 5 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 90 40 50 240 115 125
Sign languages 185 100 85 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 70 35 35 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 115 65 45 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 33,570 15,880 17,690 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 32,780 15,480 17,305 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 7,095 3,350 3,740 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 215 100 115 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 22,885 10,790 12,095 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 25 15 10 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,320 630 690 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 335 165 175 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 865 415 450 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 790 400 390 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 335 185 150 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 335 160 175 815 395 425
Tibetan 60 25 35 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 60 30 35 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 780 340 435 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 525 270 255 1,100 550 550
Thai 250 65 190 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 390 205 185 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 20 10 5 530 290 235
Turkish 260 145 115 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 60 30 35 170 85 85
Uzbek 20 10 5 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 190 80 110
Uralic languages 1,170 545 625 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 60 30 30 705 295 410
Finnish 240 105 135 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 870 410 455 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 100 50 45 500 280 225
Multiple responses 21,540 10,695 10,840 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 775 380 395 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 20,190 10,050 10,145 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 270 135 135 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 295 135 160 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 513,400 254,155 259,245 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 459,485 227,590 231,885 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 305,320 152,610 152,710 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 304,195 152,030 152,170 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 1,125 585 540 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 154,160 74,980 79,175 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 15 5 5 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 5 5 5 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 5 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 5 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 154,145 74,980 79,170 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,770 2,375 2,400 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 5 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 455 200 255 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 5 5 5 90 50 45
Somali 445 190 255 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 4,315 2,175 2,140 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 135 60 75 600 275 320
Arabic 3,450 1,740 1,710 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 300 150 150 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 280 150 125 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 10 5 5 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 75 35 35 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 65 30 30 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,560 2,130 2,430 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 395 190 210 800 375 420
Vietnamese 4,165 1,940 2,220 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 9,225 4,235 4,985 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 15 5 5 75 30 35
Cebuano 305 130 170 1,305 585 715
Fijian 60 40 30 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 60 30 30 415 175 240
Ilocano 345 155 185 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 110 50 60 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 5 15 150 70 80
Pangasinan 15 10 10 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 8,240 3,785 4,455 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 5 5 5 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25 310 150 160
Creole languages 150 70 80 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 105 50 60 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 885 440 445 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 25 10 10 110 55 60
Malayalam 365 180 180 1,225 615 605
Tamil 410 200 210 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 80 45 40 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 10 5 5 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 100,595 49,680 50,920 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 200 90 100 695 335 360
Armenian 35 15 20 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 3,090 1,510 1,580 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 5 5 0 210 90 115
Latvian 0 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 5 0 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 3,090 1,510 1,580 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 70 35 40 595 300 300
Bulgarian 50 30 20 1,035 485 550
Croatian 190 90 100 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 135 65 65 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 5 5 5 150 75 75
Polish 1,030 505 525 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 1,035 505 530 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 205 110 95 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 15 500 235 265
Slovak 85 40 40 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 5 145 65 85
Ukrainian 250 110 140 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 40 20 20
Celtic languages 5 5 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 665 300 365 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 100 45 60 1,475 715 760
Danish 25 10 10 305 145 160
Dutch 105 45 65 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 390 180 210 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 10 5 5 75 35 35
Norwegian 15 5 10 140 60 80
Swedish 10 5 5 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 190 100 90 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 91,725 45,365 46,360 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 89,565 44,275 45,295 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 410 210 200 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 735 340 395 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 6,885 3,280 3,605 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 10 5 5 40 25 25
Marathi 30 15 15 270 140 130
Nepali 245 120 120 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 77,615 38,520 39,090 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 80 40 45 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 290 140 150 675 330 340
Urdu 3,260 1,600 1,655 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 2,065 1,045 1,025 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 110 60 45 1,080 540 535
Pashto 315 160 155 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 1,640 820 820 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 50 45 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 4,695 2,300 2,395 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 5 5 0 65 35 35
Italian 240 110 125 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 510 240 270 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 310 155 155 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 3,630 1,790 1,835 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 20 5 10
Japanese 450 190 260 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 6,435 3,015 3,420 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 170 80 90
Mongolian 10 5 5 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 340 155 185 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 70 40 30 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 15 10 5 15 10 10
Ewe 5 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 10 0 10 40 20 15
Lingala 10 5 10 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 5 20 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 10 20 60 25 35
Shona 10 5 5 65 25 40
Swahili 85 35 55 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 20 10 10 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 25 30 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 40 15 25 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 40 10 25 85 30 55
Sign languages 230 120 105 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 85 40 45 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 150 80 65 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 25,545 12,120 13,430 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 24,905 11,790 13,115 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 4,620 2,180 2,440 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 60 25 35 700 295 410
Mandarin 18,820 8,910 9,910 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 5 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 625 300 330 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 195 90 100 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 555 265 285 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 640 325 310 1,745 885 865
Burmese 285 155 130 720 375 350
Karenic languages 310 155 160 725 355 370
Tibetan 25 15 15 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 375 175 200 1,380 595 785
Lao 270 135 135 460 225 235
Thai 105 40 65 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 180 95 85 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 5 0 5 195 105 95
Turkish 125 65 55 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 30 15 15 95 50 50
Uzbek 10 10 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 300 135 165 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 20 5 10 95 40 55
Finnish 45 20 25 725 325 400
Hungarian 240 115 130 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 145 70 75
Multiple responses 53,920 26,565 27,355 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 525 245 285 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 52,775 26,050 26,725 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 120 45 70 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 500 225 280 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 513,400 254,160 259,245 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 395,270 196,135 199,135 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 57,240 28,705 28,530 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 2,525 1,150 1,375 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 56,675 27,335 29,340 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 95 40 55 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 56,580 27,295 29,285 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 200 100 100 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 1,100 540 560 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 375 180 195 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 10 10 10 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 419,060 205,495 213,570 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 397,735 195,290 202,440 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,822 36,533 24,663 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 398,230 195,735 202,495 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,200 32,228 23,441 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 349,505 176,850 172,655 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,979 37,122 23,748 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 285,365 122,180 163,185 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,266 1,478 4,330 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 301,705 156,635 145,070 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,804 37,394 25,015 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 419,065 205,530 213,540 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 397,880 195,320 202,560 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,978 47,640 32,589 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 398,370 195,760 202,605 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,815 39,183 28,628 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 350,080 176,880 173,200 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,195 48,434 31,782 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 285,325 122,325 163,000 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,430 6,033 6,728 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 301,705 156,380 145,325 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,014 47,626 31,823 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 419,065 205,525 213,540 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 124,605 72,975 51,630 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 50,026 55,725 44,357 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 59,318 66,016 49,850 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.5 92.1 83.4 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 75.6 79.6 69.8 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.5 7.9 16.6 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 419,065 205,495 213,570 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 21,330 10,205 11,125 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 397,735 195,295 202,445 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 94.9 95.0 94.8 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 69,415 28,885 40,535 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 76,230 31,215 45,015 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 54,095 23,260 30,840 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 46,405 21,720 24,690 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 39,630 19,750 19,880 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 30,080 16,185 13,890 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 22,130 13,355 8,775 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 15,900 10,105 5,790 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 12,205 7,815 4,400 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 8,375 5,565 2,815 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 23,265 17,445 5,820 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 16,225 11,865 4,360 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 7,040 5,580 1,460 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 419,065 205,495 213,570 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 20,830 9,760 11,070 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 398,230 195,735 202,495 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 95.0 95.3 94.8 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 71,655 30,315 41,335 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 79,805 33,255 46,555 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 64,300 28,495 35,805 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 54,050 26,070 27,975 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 42,865 22,185 20,685 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 29,110 17,155 11,955 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 19,245 12,240 7,005 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 13,140 8,310 4,835 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 24,065 17,720 6,345 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 7,915 5,410 2,510 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 4,725 3,505 1,220 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 11,420 8,805 2,615 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 419,065 205,495 213,570 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 117,355 48,860 68,500 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 301,710 156,635 145,070 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 72.0 76.2 67.9 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 41,110 18,615 22,490 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 24,800 10,380 14,425 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 44,505 19,570 24,935 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 37,220 17,150 20,065 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 34,510 16,805 17,705 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 30,535 15,565 14,970 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 23,420 13,180 10,240 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 17,575 11,210 6,365 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 12,945 8,490 4,455 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 35,085 25,660 9,425 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 10,220 6,655 3,565 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 6,800 4,735 2,065 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 18,065 14,270 3,795 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 169,965 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 77,494 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 68,060 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 34,515 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,675 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,381 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 135,445 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,657 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,548 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 169,965 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 93,586 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 79,256 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 34,500 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,234 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,166 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 135,465 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 105,900 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 89,720 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 169,965 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,065 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,950 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,975 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,235 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 5,585 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 5,820 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 5,990 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 6,400 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 6,490 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 6,550 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 13,000 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 12,310 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 11,340 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 11,095 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 9,675 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 61,475 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 20,385 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 14,075 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 15,450 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 11,570 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 169,965 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,255 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,985 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,030 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,435 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 6,340 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,915 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 7,340 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 7,650 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 7,985 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 7,785 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 14,970 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 13,950 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 13,175 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 11,775 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 10,275 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 47,105 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 19,380 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 11,780 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 15,950 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 132,070 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,793 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 78,901 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.5 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 35,330 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,991 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,731 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 73,685 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,953 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 91,865 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.4 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 18,180 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,135 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,352 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 131,980 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 104,987 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,838 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 35,250 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,517 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,370 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 73,805 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 119,698 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 101,378 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 18,050 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,818 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,188 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 52,060 26,955 25,105 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,548 32,897 30,263 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,501 29,419 27,643 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 51,935 26,555 25,385 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,475 40,766 38,124 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,616 34,316 32,884 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 511,540 253,320 258,220 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 263,500 128,320 135,180 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 53,940 26,540 27,400 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 49,270 23,365 25,905 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 51,145 24,800 26,350 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 54,560 26,650 27,905 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 54,580 26,960 27,615 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 248,040 125,000 123,035 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 54,190 26,860 27,335 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 53,400 26,775 26,620 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 52,060 26,370 25,685 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 48,155 24,395 23,760 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 40,240 20,600 19,640 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 511,540 253,325 258,215 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 112,320 58,195 54,120 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 35,185 18,145 17,040 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 330,060 162,380 167,680 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 69,165 32,745 36,420 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 75,640 36,500 39,145 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 21,985 11,355 10,625 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 6,795 3,440 3,350 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 44,940 21,345 23,600 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 8,715 3,795 4,915 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.8 14.4 15.2 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 19.6 19.5 19.6 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 19.3 19.0 19.7 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 13.6 13.1 14.1 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 12.6 11.6 13.5 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 60,260 29,565 30,695 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 16,925 8,705 8,225 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 5,170 2,595 2,575 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 38,355 18,710 19,645 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 4,980 2,150 2,825 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 11.8 11.7 11.9 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 15.1 15.0 15.2 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 14.7 14.3 15.1 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 11.6 11.5 11.7 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 7.2 6.6 7.8 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 511,540 253,265 258,275 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 478,215 239,765 238,450 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 478,010 239,640 238,370 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 22,960 10,450 12,510 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 287,750 139,540 148,210 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 225 80 140 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 95 30 65 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 45 20 25 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 20 10 10 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 20 10 10 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 10 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 10 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 45 10 35 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 45 10 30 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 10 0 10 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 10 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 10 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 20 20 10 455 195 255
Inuit languages 20 10 10 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 20 0 10 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 10 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 45 10 30 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 10 0 10 790 405 385
Okanagan 35 15 20 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 10 0 10 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 10 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 10 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 15 0 10 1,460 670 795
Haisla 10 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 287,525 139,460 148,070 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 9,070 4,570 4,500 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 30 10 20 145 95 45
Kabyle 25 10 15 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 1,055 460 600 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 15 10 10 245 140 110
Somali 1,045 455 590 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 10 0 10
Semitic languages 8,065 4,130 3,935 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 505 240 265 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 6,835 3,510 3,320 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 480 245 235 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 475 240 235 570 285 285
Harari 10 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 220 135 80 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 55 15 40 315 155 155
Tigrigna 220 135 85 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 230 115 110 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 8,750 4,205 4,545 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 770 350 425 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 8,025 3,880 4,145 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 26,440 11,550 14,885 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 115 50 60 530 215 310
Cebuano 1,180 445 730 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 540 320 225 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 335 175 160 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 1,285 495 785 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 1,010 425 590 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 140 70 70 855 365 495
Pangasinan 95 45 50 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 24,320 10,560 13,760 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 65 35 30 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 230 105 125 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 735 385 355 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 20 10 10 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 460 235 225 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 270 140 135 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 2,575 1,375 1,205 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 105 35 65 510 250 265
Malayalam 1,020 555 470 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 1,315 705 610 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 290 170 120 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 20 10 10 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 191,080 94,570 96,515 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 445 205 240 1,640 840 795
Armenian 160 95 65 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 8,790 4,340 4,450 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 35 20 20 1,030 515 520
Latvian 20 15 0 555 290 265
Lithuanian 15 0 15 475 220 250
Slavic languages 8,760 4,330 4,430 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 0 10 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 270 135 135 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 185 80 105 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 870 445 425 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 540 255 290 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 25 10 10 400 220 185
Polish 2,830 1,420 1,415 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 2,490 1,225 1,265 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 650 340 305 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 90 45 40 1,525 770 750
Slovak 390 185 205 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 120 70 50 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 1,060 450 605 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 20 420 215 205
Celtic languages 85 40 50 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 50 30 15 660 395 265
Welsh 25 10 25 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 860 450 410
Germanic languages 8,745 4,080 4,665 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 585 260 320 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 390 165 225 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 1,815 840 980 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 35 20 20 465 230 240
German 5,675 2,705 2,965 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 15 10 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 190 90 100 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 300 135 170 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 30 15 15 545 270 275
Yiddish 25 15 10 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 155 95 60
Greek 900 475 430 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 157,915 78,645 79,265 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 154,075 76,740 77,340 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 980 485 495 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 2,060 995 1,065 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 39,080 18,940 20,140 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 15 10 10 60 30 25
Konkani 70 35 35 415 215 200
Marathi 165 80 90 1,475 780 695
Nepali 465 225 240 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 25 15 10 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 128,515 64,430 64,090 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 380 195 185 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 950 510 445 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 7,950 4,050 3,900 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 4,295 2,150 2,145 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 315 175 140 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 795 430 365 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 3,485 1,735 1,750 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 280 140 140 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 15,840 7,670 8,170 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 10 0 395 210 180
Italian 2,170 1,180 995 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 1,930 875 1,060 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 840 450 390 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 11,310 5,340 5,965 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 380 245 140
Japanese 2,035 910 1,125 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 10 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 10 10 10 115 55 55
Korean 8,915 4,165 4,745 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 55 35 20 370 170 200
Mongolian 55 30 20 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 1,870 960 910 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 240 140 95 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 75 40 30 145 80 60
Ewe 45 30 10 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 65 40 25 150 95 50
Ganda 30 15 10 165 80 85
Igbo 90 45 35 425 240 185
Lingala 90 45 50 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 55 20 35 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 85 35 50 290 125 165
Shona 60 30 25 415 220 195
Swahili 620 350 270 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 10 0 10 50 25 30
Yoruba 255 125 125 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 450 180 270 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 70 40 30 405 210 200
Dinka 10 15 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 55 20 35 325 155 165
Sign languages 645 195 445 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 315 75 240 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 355 130 215 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 37,450 17,735 19,715 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 36,485 17,235 19,250 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 9,360 4,395 4,960 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 275 130 150 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 28,980 13,620 15,360 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 10 10 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,865 885 980 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 385 170 215 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 840 385 460 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,020 525 495 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 475 255 220 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 495 235 265 955 485 465
Tibetan 90 55 35 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 50 15 35 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 1,015 450 565 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 690 335 350 1,630 735 890
Thai 415 145 265 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 465 250 215 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 20 10 10 945 510 435
Turkish 395 220 175 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 35 15 25 115 60 55
Uzbek 25 10 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 275 140 130
Uralic languages 1,510 700 810 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 80 35 45 780 350 425
Finnish 295 125 175 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 1,140 540 595 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 185 95 90 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 511,540 253,265 258,275 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 439,690 218,815 220,870 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 102,480 53,305 49,175 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 337,215 165,515 171,700 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 71,850 34,445 37,405 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 511,540 253,265 258,275 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 281,190 142,415 138,775 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 220,155 105,615 114,540 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 37,055 18,325 18,725 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 25,490 12,275 13,220 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 52,570 25,120 27,455 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 68,700 32,460 36,235 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 32,005 14,965 17,040 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 36,695 17,500 19,200 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 36,340 17,435 18,905 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 10,195 5,235 4,960 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 220,155 105,615 114,535 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 16,360 8,585 7,780 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 31,945 16,425 15,520 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 55,145 24,875 30,280 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 83,940 40,600 43,340 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 32,755 15,135 17,625 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 220,155 105,615 114,540 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 11,340 5,300 6,045 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 330 125 210 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 650 290 360 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 1,385 745 645 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 205 90 115 1,305 600 710
Haiti 85 30 55 570 250 315
Jamaica 615 335 280 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 890 355 540 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 320 160 155 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 385 185 200 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 3,915 1,780 2,135 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 2,560 1,205 1,360 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 25,910 12,925 12,990 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 450 230 220 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 500 255 250 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 245 100 145 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 2,450 1,195 1,255 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 420 220 200 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 715 370 340 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 340 180 155 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 940 510 430 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 1,355 690 660 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 2,235 1,110 1,125 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 810 400 410 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 700 360 340 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 780 310 460 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 310 155 150 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 710 365 345 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 9,655 4,875 4,775 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 3,300 1,585 1,715 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 7,000 3,545 3,450 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 85 60 30 485 310 175
Egypt 355 175 180 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 455 220 240 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 705 370 340 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 180 90 95 985 535 455
Nigeria 585 310 275 1,740 925 815
Somalia 600 270 330 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 1,010 495 515 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 3,010 1,555 1,455 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 166,110 79,380 86,730 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 1,660 800 860 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 615 310 305 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 18,490 8,650 9,840 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 2,370 1,095 1,275 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 81,730 39,960 41,775 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 965 545 420 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 2,580 1,305 1,270 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 755 240 520 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 6,455 3,070 3,385 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 510 250 260 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 4,985 2,490 2,495 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 24,120 10,630 13,485 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 1,365 735 620 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 895 435 465 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 5,335 2,460 2,870 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 5,355 2,515 2,840 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 7,945 3,885 4,060 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 9,790 4,465 5,325 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 36,335 17,435 18,900 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 1,430 740 690 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 105 40 70 1,145 525 615
Colombia 80 45 35 580 250 325
Cuba 0 10 0 140 60 80
Haiti 0 0 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 60 35 20 625 355 265
Mexico 245 125 125 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 420 240 175 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 15 10 10 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 490 240 255 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 1,295 665 630 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 15 10 10 970 510 460
Germany 65 40 30 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 45 35 10 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 15 0 10 245 120 125
Romania 65 25 35 690 310