Census Profile, 2016 Census
Vancouver, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia and Manitoba [Province]

Select a table view
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Vancouver, CY
British Columbia
[Census subdivision]
Manitoba

[Province]
Data quality , Vancouver, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia  Map : Vancouver, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia
Change geography 1
Data quality : Manitoba [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 631,486 ... ... 1,278,365 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 603,502 ... ... 1,208,268 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.6 ... ... 5.8 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 309,418 ... ... 539,748 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 283,916 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 5,492.6 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 114.97 ... ... 552,370.99 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 631,485 308,515 322,970 1,278,365 631,400 646,970
0 to 14 years 70,530 36,640 33,890 243,820 125,110 118,710
0 to 4 years 24,615 12,875 11,745 81,065 41,710 39,355
5 to 9 years 22,905 11,800 11,100 83,375 42,565 40,805
10 to 14 years 23,010 11,965 11,040 79,380 40,835 38,545
15 to 64 years 463,390 227,695 235,695 835,580 417,260 418,320
15 to 19 years 28,270 14,310 13,965 82,440 42,555 39,890
20 to 24 years 44,150 21,410 22,740 86,760 44,465 42,295
25 to 29 years 63,480 30,985 32,490 86,695 43,570 43,125
30 to 34 years 61,715 30,935 30,785 85,185 42,210 42,975
35 to 39 years 48,915 24,275 24,635 81,105 39,885 41,215
40 to 44 years 43,890 21,190 22,700 79,325 39,530 39,795
45 to 49 years 46,890 22,845 24,045 79,350 39,220 40,130
50 to 54 years 46,845 23,360 23,480 89,840 44,485 45,355
55 to 59 years 42,100 20,355 21,750 87,765 43,555 44,210
60 to 64 years 37,150 18,035 19,115 77,110 37,780 39,325
65 years and over 97,570 44,180 53,390 198,965 89,025 109,945
65 to 69 years 32,760 15,685 17,075 64,905 31,280 33,625
70 to 74 years 20,835 9,785 11,050 45,980 21,940 24,040
75 to 79 years 16,630 7,550 9,075 33,555 15,250 18,305
80 to 84 years 13,115 5,875 7,245 25,315 10,740 14,575
85 years and over 14,225 5,280 8,945 29,210 9,810 19,395
85 to 89 years 8,610 3,555 5,060 17,335 6,460 10,875
90 to 94 years 4,140 1,390 2,755 8,945 2,710 6,230
95 to 99 years 1,215 300 920 2,520 580 1,940
100 years and over 250 45 205 415 60 350
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 11.2 11.9 10.5 19.1 19.8 18.3
15 to 64 years 73.4 73.8 73.0 65.4 66.1 64.7
65 years and over 15.5 14.3 16.5 15.6 14.1 17.0
85 years and over 2.3 1.7 2.8 2.3 1.6 3.0
Average age of the population 41.6 40.8 42.3 39.2 38.2 40.2
Median age of the population 39.9 39.0 40.7 38.3 37.2 39.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 283,915 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Single-detached house 41,330 ... ... 331,420 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 83,250 ... ... 39,080 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 159,310 ... ... 108,120 ... ...
Semi-detached house 4,480 ... ... 15,865 ... ...
Row house 9,845 ... ... 17,225 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 52,970 ... ... 7,065 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 91,385 ... ... 67,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 635 ... ... 755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 25 ... ... 10,435 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 283,920 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
1 person 110,020 ... ... 135,500 ... ...
2 persons 90,450 ... ... 164,880 ... ...
3 persons 36,885 ... ... 71,065 ... ...
4 persons 28,780 ... ... 66,675 ... ...
5 or more persons 17,780 ... ... 50,930 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 618,210 ... ... 1,240,700 ... ...
Average household size 2.2 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 560,955 271,875 289,080 1,034,545 506,280 528,260
Married or living common law 282,585 141,450 141,135 593,615 297,280 296,335
Married 224,800 111,755 113,045 503,390 252,210 251,175
Living common law 57,785 29,695 28,090 90,230 45,075 45,155
Not married and not living common law 278,370 130,425 147,945 440,925 209,000 231,930
Never married 203,550 106,195 97,355 300,415 162,440 137,980
Separated 12,790 5,330 7,460 24,845 11,080 13,765
Divorced 37,150 14,245 22,900 54,860 22,780 32,080
Widowed 24,880 4,655 20,225 60,805 12,700 48,100
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 160,855 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
2 persons 88,590 ... ... 171,435 ... ...
3 persons 35,480 ... ... 71,630 ... ...
4 persons 28,685 ... ... 65,500 ... ...
5 or more persons 8,105 ... ... 37,600 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 160,855 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
Total couple families 135,215 ... ... 287,200 ... ...
Married couples 106,325 ... ... 242,100 ... ...
Common-law couples 28,890 ... ... 45,100 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 25,645 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
Female parent 21,090 ... ... 45,930 ... ...
Male parent 4,550 ... ... 13,025 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 135,215 ... ... 287,205 ... ...
Couples without children 71,270 ... ... 137,135 ... ...
Couples with children 63,945 ... ... 150,070 ... ...
1 child 28,895 ... ... 55,730 ... ...
2 children 27,250 ... ... 59,965 ... ...
3 or more children 7,805 ... ... 34,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 25,640 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
1 child 17,315 ... ... 34,305 ... ...
2 children 6,590 ... ... 15,895 ... ...
3 or more children 1,740 ... ... 8,765 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 177,510 84,480 93,030 212,415 104,435 107,980
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 283,915 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
One-census-family households 146,025 ... ... 323,125 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 65,040 ... ... 130,475 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 80,985 ... ... 192,650 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 7,145 ... ... 11,110 ... ...
Non-census-family households 130,745 ... ... 154,815 ... ...
One-person households 110,020 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 20,720 ... ... 19,315 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 622,630 304,235 318,400 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
English only 518,180 258,795 259,385 1,135,395 566,980 568,410
French only 375 180 195 1,485 680 800
English and French 61,710 27,980 33,730 108,460 49,205 59,255
Neither English nor French 42,370 17,275 25,095 16,285 7,235 9,050
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 622,635 304,235 318,400 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
English 566,940 280,310 286,635 1,203,025 596,475 606,550
French 9,950 5,125 4,825 39,200 18,880 20,325
English and French 3,805 1,735 2,070 3,545 1,755 1,790
Neither English nor French 41,935 17,070 24,870 15,840 6,985 8,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 11,855 5,990 5,860 40,975 19,760 21,215
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.9 2.0 1.8 3.2 3.2 3.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 622,635 304,235 318,400 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
Single responses 602,805 294,900 307,900 1,230,115 608,820 621,300
Official languages 328,595 170,085 158,510 941,130 468,430 472,705
English 319,115 165,150 153,965 900,610 448,960 451,645
French 9,480 4,940 4,550 40,520 19,465 21,055
Non-official languages 274,210 124,820 149,390 288,985 140,395 148,590
Aboriginal languages 455 230 230 29,710 14,265 15,440
Algonquian languages 170 90 85 28,070 13,505 14,565
Blackfoot 15 5 10 5 0 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 125 65 55 14,820 7,085 7,740
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 30 5 20
Plains Cree 20 10 10 70 25 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 0 745 305 440
Woods Cree 10 5 0 65 20 40
Cree, n.o.s. 95 45 40 13,915 6,725 7,195
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 5 10 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 30 15 15 13,235 6,410 6,825
Algonquin 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 30 15 15 6,730 3,180 3,550
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,505 3,235 3,265
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 65 30 30 815 375 445
Northern Athabaskan languages 60 35 30 815 380 440
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 25 10 15 0 0 0
Chilcotin 20 10 10 0 0 0
Dene 5 0 5 810 375 435
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 10 5 5 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 10 10 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 80 20 60
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 5 65 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 5 5 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 5 80 40 40
Salish languages 35 15 20 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 5 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 5 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 10 5 5 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 5
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 15 5 15 0 0 0
Siouan languages 20 10 10 630 305 330
Dakota 15 10 10 630 305 325
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 70 30 35 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 35 15 20 0 0 0
Nisga'a 20 10 10 0 0 0
Tsimshian 15 5 10 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 40 15 25 5 0 0
Haisla 5 5 5 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 10 5 10 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 5 5 5 5 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 10 5 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 30 15 15 15 10 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 273,755 124,590 149,165 259,280 126,130 133,155
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,305 2,465 1,840 10,700 5,580 5,120
Berber languages 25 20 5 40 25 15
Kabyle 5 5 0 35 15 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 10 10 5
Cushitic languages 205 120 90 1,750 875 875
Bilen 0 0 0 155 85 70
Oromo 75 45 35 345 175 170
Somali 125 70 55 1,245 610 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 4,065 2,320 1,740 8,840 4,640 4,200
Amharic 305 150 145 1,770 885 885
Arabic 2,485 1,505 980 4,695 2,500 2,190
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 70 35 35 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 15 5 10 0 0 0
Harari 5 5 5 0 0 0
Hebrew 1,050 555 500 545 320 225
Maltese 15 10 5 40 20 25
Tigrigna 120 55 65 1,770 905 865
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 10 5 5
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 65 35 30
Austro-Asiatic languages 10,935 5,010 5,930 4,180 1,970 2,205
Khmer (Cambodian) 295 130 165 280 135 145
Vietnamese 10,620 4,860 5,750 3,895 1,840 2,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 25 15 10 5 0 0
Austronesian languages 24,470 9,665 14,805 52,905 24,685 28,220
Bikol 100 40 60 175 80 95
Cebuano 880 310 570 1,245 565 675
Fijian 45 20 25 35 15 15
Hiligaynon 455 165 290 390 170 220
Ilocano 1,900 745 1,155 1,365 630 730
Malagasy 5 5 5 0 0 5
Malay 960 440 525 175 65 105
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 200 95 105 655 315 340
Pangasinan 95 45 50 135 65 70
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 19,435 7,630 11,800 48,530 22,670 25,855
Waray-Waray 50 25 25 50 30 25
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 345 155 195 150 70 85
Creole languages 100 50 50 570 275 305
Haitian Creole 0 0 5 20 10 10
Creole, n.o.s. 60 30 35 290 140 145
Creole languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 265 120 145
Dravidian languages 2,020 1,145 880 1,565 825 735
Kannada 50 35 20 95 50 40
Malayalam 340 185 150 790 410 380
Tamil 1,330 715 620 480 255 230
Telugu 290 210 80 195 115 80
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 10 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 10 5 10 5 0 0
Indo-European languages 78,130 38,030 40,100 158,350 77,605 80,750
Albanian 135 70 60 350 170 180
Armenian 340 160 180 65 35 30
Balto-Slavic languages 14,740 6,665 8,075 34,450 15,845 18,605
Baltic languages 265 100 160 165 65 95
Latvian 120 50 70 80 35 45
Lithuanian 140 45 95 85 35 45
Slavic languages 14,475 6,565 7,910 34,280 15,775 18,510
Belarusan 15 10 5 40 20 25
Bosnian 235 110 125 575 285 290
Bulgarian 465 205 255 140 70 65
Croatian 1,250 580 675 1,030 505 530
Czech 1,000 485 515 615 310 310
Macedonian 80 35 45 145 70 75
Polish 2,720 1,225 1,495 6,455 2,905 3,545
Russian 4,450 1,910 2,535 9,130 4,495 4,640
Serbian 2,125 1,050 1,075 655 335 320
Serbo-Croatian 490 230 260 240 110 130
Slovak 600 270 330 405 175 225
Slovene (Slovenian) 145 70 75 270 130 140
Ukrainian 870 370 500 14,505 6,325 8,180
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 75 40 30
Celtic languages 120 80 40 115 60 55
Scottish Gaelic 35 25 10 50 25 20
Welsh 40 25 20 60 30 30
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 40 30 15 10 10 0
Germanic languages 9,005 4,340 4,665 68,670 33,310 35,360
Afrikaans 270 155 115 420 220 205
Danish 400 195 200 280 145 135
Dutch 1,360 685 675 2,675 1,335 1,335
Frisian 5 0 5 55 30 25
German 6,075 2,875 3,205 63,825 30,940 32,890
Icelandic 70 35 40 475 210 260
Norwegian 180 85 95 115 45 65
Swedish 430 195 235 135 70 70
Vlaams (Flemish) 60 40 20 310 125 180
Yiddish 145 70 75 355 175 180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 25 10 10
Greek 2,160 1,080 1,075 1,285 665 615
Indo-Iranian languages 28,905 14,405 14,500 32,325 17,135 15,195
Indo-Aryan languages 20,600 10,195 10,405 29,520 15,700 13,820
Bengali 935 485 445 1,170 675 495
Gujarati 935 450 490 3,115 1,660 1,455
Hindi 3,680 1,830 1,850 2,270 1,215 1,060
Kashmiri 10 5 0 5 5 5
Konkani 45 25 25 35 20 15
Marathi 120 70 50 135 80 50
Nepali 175 105 70 720 355 365
Oriya (Odia) 20 15 5 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 13,385 6,520 6,860 18,320 9,650 8,670
Sindhi 230 115 115 60 30 30
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 210 110 105 670 345 320
Urdu 860 475 380 3,015 1,655 1,355
Iranian languages 8,240 4,180 4,060 2,705 1,365 1,335
Kurdish 410 215 190 415 210 200
Pashto 165 90 75 275 130 150
Persian (Farsi) 7,670 3,875 3,800 2,020 1,030 990
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 100 60 40
Italic (Romance) languages 22,735 11,230 11,500 21,100 10,385 10,710
Catalan 75 40 30 0 0 5
Italian 4,740 2,315 2,425 3,840 1,910 1,930
Portuguese 4,700 2,260 2,435 6,585 3,190 3,390
Romanian 1,185 555 625 645 310 335
Spanish 12,010 6,040 5,970 10,005 4,965 5,040
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 20 5 15 5 10
Japanese 7,005 2,310 4,695 540 185 350
Kartvelian languages 15 5 5 15 10 10
Georgian 15 10 5 15 5 5
Korean 7,810 3,150 4,655 3,760 1,810 1,950
Mongolic languages 120 50 70 20 5 15
Mongolian 120 45 75 20 5 15
Niger-Congo languages 440 235 210 3,895 1,965 1,930
Akan (Twi) 45 25 20 150 90 65
Bamanankan 5 5 0 75 25 45
Edo 5 5 0 40 20 15
Ewe 10 5 5 30 20 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 5 65 35 30
Ga 5 0 0 15 10 5
Ganda 15 5 5 50 20 30
Igbo 15 5 5 280 155 130
Lingala 10 5 5 75 30 40
Rundi (Kirundi) 25 10 15 135 60 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 15 10 250 125 120
Shona 45 20 20 110 50 60
Swahili 105 55 50 870 420 455
Wolof 5 5 5 75 50 25
Yoruba 30 15 15 1,030 525 505
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 95 55 35 640 315 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 55 30 20 395 215 180
Dinka 20 10 10 175 90 80
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 25 10 225 125 100
Sign languages 115 55 55 440 230 210
American Sign Language 45 15 25 240 125 115
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 65 40 25 195 100 95
Sino-Tibetan languages 134,375 60,570 73,805 18,880 9,320 9,565
Chinese languages 133,810 60,275 73,535 18,305 9,025 9,280
Cantonese 85,020 39,005 46,020 6,625 3,140 3,485
Hakka 775 340 435 55 30 25
Mandarin 40,120 17,515 22,600 10,170 5,110 5,060
Min Dong 90 40 50 5 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 3,065 1,300 1,760 325 150 165
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,270 525 745 110 55 50
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,430 1,525 1,905 1,010 530 475
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 565 300 265 575 295 285
Burmese 390 200 190 85 50 30
Karenic languages 5 5 0 430 215 220
Tibetan 65 40 30 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 105 60 45 55 20 35
Tai-Kadai languages 850 295 550 1,120 525 595
Lao 110 55 55 875 445 430
Thai 740 240 495 240 85 165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 0 0
Turkic languages 1,095 615 480 340 190 150
Azerbaijani 110 60 50 30 20 15
Turkish 915 520 390 210 120 95
Uyghur 20 15 10 10 5 10
Uzbek 15 0 10 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 40 25 20
Uralic languages 1,815 850 960 1,440 655 790
Estonian 125 50 70 30 10 15
Finnish 450 175 275 225 85 135
Hungarian 1,240 625 615 1,185 550 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 90 50 40 155 85 70
Multiple responses 19,825 9,335 10,495 31,505 15,280 16,220
English and French 1,740 835 905 4,365 2,140 2,230
English and non-official language 17,110 8,035 9,080 25,965 12,530 13,440
French and non-official language 500 245 255 695 380 315
English, French and non-official language 475 215 255 470 230 245
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 622,630 304,235 318,400 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
Single responses 577,695 283,360 294,330 1,197,145 593,020 604,120
Official languages 417,460 210,685 206,770 1,052,345 521,280 531,065
English 413,605 208,775 204,835 1,035,475 513,465 522,010
French 3,850 1,915 1,935 16,865 7,815 9,055
Non-official languages 160,235 72,675 87,560 144,800 71,740 73,060
Aboriginal languages 60 30 30 15,770 8,020 7,750
Algonquian languages 10 10 5 15,070 7,675 7,390
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 0 7,570 3,860 3,715
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 5 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 120 45 75
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 5 7,415 3,790 3,620
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 5 7,495 3,820 3,675
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 5 0 2,505 1,280 1,225
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 4,990 2,545 2,455
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 5 635 305 330
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 5 635 305 330
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 5 0 5 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 630 305 330
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 0 10 5 10
Salish languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 10 5 5 35 25 10
Dakota 10 10 5 35 25 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 10 5 10 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Nisga'a 10 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 5 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 160,180 72,650 87,530 129,035 63,725 65,310
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,015 1,035 980 6,875 3,475 3,400
Berber languages 10 5 5 20 15 5
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 0 5 5
Cushitic languages 80 45 35 1,185 550 630
Bilen 0 0 0 120 65 55
Oromo 35 15 15 210 95 115
Somali 45 30 20 845 385 460
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Semitic languages 1,915 980 940 5,650 2,895 2,750
Amharic 110 50 60 1,045 520 525
Arabic 1,220 645 580 3,105 1,600 1,505
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 40 20 20 5 0 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 5 0 0 0
Harari 5 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 475 240 240 355 195 160
Maltese 5 5 0 10 5 5
Tigrigna 55 25 30 1,135 580 555
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 25 15 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,090 3,275 3,815 2,900 1,370 1,530
Khmer (Cambodian) 125 55 75 125 55 70
Vietnamese 6,950 3,210 3,735 2,775 1,315 1,460
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 20 10 5 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 11,165 4,720 6,440 27,215 13,065 14,155
Bikol 35 10 20 30 15 15
Cebuano 270 115 155 495 250 245
Fijian 15 10 5 15 5 10
Hiligaynon 145 65 80 125 55 75
Ilocano 645 270 375 390 190 200
Malagasy 5 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 275 120 150 55 25 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 55 30 25 245 120 130
Pangasinan 15 10 5 30 15 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 9,565 4,025 5,540 25,790 12,375 13,420
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 10 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 135 70 65 30 15 15
Creole languages 40 15 20 290 120 165
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 10 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 30 10 20 165 75 85
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 115 45 75
Dravidian languages 1,210 645 565 800 400 400
Kannada 20 10 10 45 25 25
Malayalam 185 100 85 405 195 205
Tamil 900 470 435 240 120 120
Telugu 100 65 35 110 60 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 33,965 16,030 17,930 70,820 35,325 35,495
Albanian 40 25 15 155 80 75
Armenian 140 60 80 20 10 5
Balto-Slavic languages 5,590 2,550 3,045 11,685 5,670 6,015
Baltic languages 50 20 30 25 10 15
Latvian 15 10 10 15 5 5
Lithuanian 30 10 15 10 5 5
Slavic languages 5,540 2,530 3,020 11,660 5,660 6,000
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 5 0
Bosnian 105 55 55 285 145 140
Bulgarian 210 85 120 65 30 30
Croatian 390 180 215 320 145 180
Czech 275 145 130 115 55 60
Macedonian 30 15 20 85 35 45
Polish 805 355 445 2,010 910 1,105
Russian 2,055 910 1,145 5,530 2,780 2,745
Serbian 1,110 530 580 335 170 170
Serbo-Croatian 210 90 115 90 40 50
Slovak 155 70 85 70 35 35
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 10 55 20 30
Ukrainian 180 80 100 2,690 1,285 1,405
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 10 5 5
Celtic languages 5 5 0 20 15 10
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 5 5 0
Welsh 5 0 5 10 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 1,385 670 715 25,825 12,700 13,125
Afrikaans 35 25 15 200 100 100
Danish 55 30 25 10 5 5
Dutch 170 85 85 270 135 130
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 965 450 515 24,795 12,185 12,615
Icelandic 30 15 15 35 15 20
Norwegian 15 5 10 10 5 5
Swedish 105 50 50 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 5 15 5 10
Yiddish 5 5 0 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 465 240 225
Greek 870 415 455 535 255 280
Indo-Iranian languages 16,030 7,620 8,410 22,810 11,920 10,890
Indo-Aryan languages 11,280 5,395 5,885 21,010 11,055 9,950
Bengali 575 280 295 690 390 305
Gujarati 405 175 230 2,100 1,095 1,005
Hindi 1,465 685 780 1,335 715 620
Kashmiri 5 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 10 5 5
Marathi 45 20 20 40 25 20
Nepali 85 50 30 540 265 280
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 8,125 3,885 4,240 14,000 7,330 6,670
Sindhi 75 40 40 30 10 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 85 40 45 360 190 170
Urdu 410 205 200 1,895 1,035 860
Iranian languages 4,735 2,215 2,520 1,755 835 920
Kurdish 215 95 115 275 135 140
Pashto 90 45 45 165 70 95
Persian (Farsi) 4,435 2,070 2,360 1,315 635 685
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 50 25 20
Italic (Romance) languages 9,900 4,695 5,205 9,765 4,670 5,090
Catalan 45 20 25 0 0 0
Italian 1,690 720 970 1,035 450 590
Portuguese 2,320 1,085 1,235 2,800 1,305 1,500
Romanian 380 185 200 235 110 125
Spanish 5,455 2,680 2,775 5,695 2,810 2,885
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Japanese 3,540 1,450 2,090 175 75 105
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 10 5 0
Georgian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Korean 4,685 2,020 2,665 2,915 1,430 1,490
Mongolic languages 60 20 35 5 0 5
Mongolian 60 25 35 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 105 40 70 1,410 695 720
Akan (Twi) 15 5 5 45 30 20
Bamanankan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ewe 5 5 5 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 75 40 35
Lingala 0 0 0 40 20 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 10 65 35 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 105 55 50
Shona 10 0 10 10 5 10
Swahili 25 10 15 500 240 265
Wolof 0 0 5 25 20 10
Yoruba 10 0 5 345 175 170
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 125 50 75
Nilo-Saharan languages 25 5 15 130 60 70
Dinka 10 5 10 80 35 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 0 5 55 30 25
Sign languages 155 90 65 560 310 255
American Sign Language 50 30 20 255 135 120
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 105 65 50 305 170 135
Sino-Tibetan languages 95,010 42,780 52,225 13,910 6,920 6,985
Chinese languages 94,680 42,610 52,065 13,445 6,685 6,765
Cantonese 60,385 27,320 33,065 4,455 2,105 2,350
Hakka 235 95 135 25 10 15
Mandarin 30,085 13,460 16,625 8,080 4,105 3,975
Min Dong 25 15 15 5 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,260 530 725 135 65 70
Wu (Shanghainese) 690 310 385 65 30 35
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,990 875 1,115 675 365 315
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 330 170 160 465 235 225
Burmese 240 120 120 55 30 25
Karenic languages 5 0 5 370 190 180
Tibetan 30 15 10 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 40 15 20
Tai-Kadai languages 290 115 180 535 250 280
Lao 25 10 15 430 210 220
Thai 270 105 165 105 40 65
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 405 205 195 135 70 65
Azerbaijani 40 20 25 10 5 10
Turkish 340 170 165 65 35 35
Uyghur 15 10 5 0 0 0
Uzbek 5 0 0 35 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 25 10 15
Uralic languages 390 180 210 305 140 165
Estonian 10 5 10 0 0 0
Finnish 115 50 60 35 15 15
Hungarian 265 125 140 270 125 145
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 40 25 20
Multiple responses 44,935 20,875 24,065 64,475 31,080 33,400
English and French 1,270 625 645 3,090 1,440 1,645
English and non-official language 42,965 19,925 23,040 60,090 28,995 31,090
French and non-official language 135 65 70 415 215 205
English, French and non-official language 575 255 315 885 420 455
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 622,635 304,235 318,400 1,261,615 624,095 637,520
None 478,680 236,640 242,040 1,079,050 535,990 543,065
English 57,215 26,935 30,275 76,350 37,795 38,550
French 7,105 3,365 3,735 20,200 9,130 11,075
Non-official language 77,120 36,100 41,015 83,315 39,860 43,455
Aboriginal 315 150 165 16,105 7,590 8,515
Non-Aboriginal 76,800 35,955 40,845 67,215 32,275 34,940
English and French 245 105 140 305 150 150
English and non-official language 1,320 610 705 1,610 815 790
French and non-official language 930 455 475 770 345 420
English, French and non-official language 25 15 10 20 5 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 547,845 265,130 282,715 1,001,305 491,590 509,715
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 530,075 256,470 273,605 954,035 467,790 486,250
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,964 36,884 29,835 34,188 40,379 29,220
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 530,760 257,115 273,640 954,205 467,820 486,390
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,694 32,416 27,492 30,465 35,150 26,561
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 478,365 232,595 245,770 859,545 431,145 428,400
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,054 38,896 29,997 32,592 39,229 26,692
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 364,480 159,405 205,080 701,840 309,530 392,310
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,443 693 1,956 4,268 1,890 5,434
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 401,075 199,930 201,145 722,785 374,850 347,935
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,554 39,000 30,604 33,677 39,365 28,679
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 547,845 265,110 282,730 1,001,305 491,580 509,725
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 530,100 256,665 273,440 953,960 467,575 486,385
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,317 58,349 42,777 43,767 51,068 36,747
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 530,765 257,295 273,470 954,175 467,605 486,565
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,787 45,930 35,948 35,957 41,013 31,097
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 477,830 232,485 245,350 859,575 431,035 428,540
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,607 60,814 42,883 42,776 50,803 34,704
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 364,195 159,020 205,175 701,830 308,940 392,890
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,528 5,268 5,730 7,099 6,411 7,640
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 401,075 200,160 200,915 722,785 374,535 348,250
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 49,021 57,313 40,762 42,551 49,417 35,168
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 547,845 265,115 282,730 1,001,310 491,580 509,725
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 170,880 93,385 77,490 350,580 201,335 149,245
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 55,278 59,824 51,258 50,026 54,580 44,818
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 71,274 79,578 61,266 59,523 65,410 51,581
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 92.6 94.5 90.0 88.0 91.7 83.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 73.7 76.5 69.9 73.6 77.4 68.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 7.4 5.5 10.0 12.0 8.3 16.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 547,845 265,125 282,720 1,001,310 491,585 509,720
Without total income 17,765 8,660 9,110 47,270 23,800 23,470
With total income 530,080 256,470 273,605 954,040 467,790 486,245
Percentage with total income 96.8 96.7 96.8 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 85,555 38,570 46,980 137,700 62,550 75,150
$10,000 to $19,999 96,425 42,655 53,765 150,320 58,320 91,995
$20,000 to $29,999 66,035 29,500 36,530 136,510 54,950 81,560
$30,000 to $39,999 55,095 25,115 29,980 123,685 55,805 67,885
$40,000 to $49,999 48,970 22,535 26,435 109,710 54,650 55,060
$50,000 to $59,999 38,495 18,730 19,760 80,625 45,170 35,460
$60,000 to $69,999 30,380 15,595 14,780 58,785 35,250 23,535
$70,000 to $79,999 23,860 12,360 11,500 43,365 26,465 16,895
$80,000 to $89,999 18,885 9,910 8,975 34,000 20,100 13,905
$90,000 to $99,999 13,895 7,695 6,200 21,980 13,545 8,440
$100,000 and over 52,495 33,800 18,685 57,355 40,985 16,370
$100,000 to $149,999 31,480 19,355 12,130 40,870 28,585 12,285
$150,000 and over 21,015 14,455 6,560 16,490 12,395 4,090
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 547,845 265,125 282,715 1,001,305 491,585 509,720
Without after-tax income 17,090 8,015 9,075 47,100 23,770 23,330
With after-tax income 530,760 257,115 273,640 954,205 467,820 486,390
Percentage with after-tax income 96.9 97.0 96.8 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 88,970 40,795 48,175 142,035 63,525 78,510
$10,000 to $19,999 100,690 45,125 55,565 161,865 63,410 98,460
$20,000 to $29,999 77,735 35,220 42,510 165,880 68,985 96,895
$30,000 to $39,999 65,670 29,885 35,780 153,680 73,335 80,350
$40,000 to $49,999 54,025 25,660 28,360 116,415 63,755 52,660
$50,000 to $59,999 39,605 20,115 19,485 78,105 46,940 31,160
$60,000 to $69,999 29,280 15,210 14,070 53,870 32,165 21,705
$70,000 to $79,999 21,510 11,460 10,045 31,690 19,680 12,010
$80,000 and over 53,275 33,640 19,630 50,655 36,025 14,630
$80,000 to $89,999 14,125 8,225 5,905 18,025 12,260 5,760
$90,000 to $99,999 9,350 5,725 3,625 10,325 7,305 3,015
$100,000 and over 29,800 19,695 10,100 22,305 16,460 5,850
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 547,845 265,130 282,715 1,001,305 491,590 509,720
Without employment income 146,775 65,195 81,570 278,525 116,740 161,775
With employment income 401,075 199,930 201,145 722,785 374,845 347,940
Percentage with employment income 73.2 75.4 71.1 72.2 76.3 68.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 51,270 23,085 28,190 90,045 42,675 47,375
$5,000 to $9,999 29,405 13,005 16,405 54,560 23,875 30,690
$10,000 to $19,999 54,795 24,940 29,855 94,460 41,920 52,535
$20,000 to $29,999 45,655 21,135 24,520 89,540 39,650 49,895
$30,000 to $39,999 41,770 19,625 22,145 88,340 41,905 46,440
$40,000 to $49,999 38,570 17,880 20,690 77,755 40,205 37,550
$50,000 to $59,999 30,125 15,295 14,825 58,900 34,355 24,550
$60,000 to $69,999 24,220 12,850 11,370 44,085 27,115 16,970
$70,000 to $79,999 19,345 10,355 8,990 34,450 21,375 13,075
$80,000 and over 65,920 41,765 24,160 90,650 61,780 28,865
$80,000 to $89,999 15,480 8,420 7,060 28,365 16,860 11,505
$90,000 to $99,999 11,080 6,415 4,665 17,635 11,355 6,275
$100,000 and over 39,360 26,925 12,435 44,650 33,560 11,095
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 283,920 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,327 ... ... 68,147 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 56,908 ... ... 59,093 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 110,020 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,449 ... ... 35,846 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,957 ... ... 31,538 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 173,895 ... ... 353,550 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 89,207 ... ... 84,532 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,792 ... ... 72,688 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 283,915 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 93,947 ... ... 85,373 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 76,249 ... ... 70,154 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 110,025 ... ... 135,440 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,841 ... ... 44,208 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,034 ... ... 36,503 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 173,890 ... ... 353,605 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 119,956 ... ... 101,140 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 97,265 ... ... 83,044 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 283,915 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 9,965 ... ... 9,250 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 5,830 ... ... 8,175 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 12,065 ... ... 11,450 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 14,620 ... ... 18,260 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,735 ... ... 21,395 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 11,280 ... ... 19,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,360 ... ... 21,090 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,200 ... ... 21,745 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 11,445 ... ... 21,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 10,995 ... ... 21,225 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 21,055 ... ... 40,240 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 19,180 ... ... 37,910 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 17,365 ... ... 34,275 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 15,290 ... ... 31,555 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 13,185 ... ... 27,215 ... ...
$100,000 and over 87,365 ... ... 144,620 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 25,415 ... ... 52,495 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 18,000 ... ... 34,595 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 20,635 ... ... 34,670 ... ...
$200,000 and over 23,310 ... ... 22,865 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 283,915 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 10,690 ... ... 9,725 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 5,900 ... ... 8,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 12,295 ... ... 11,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 15,100 ... ... 19,325 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 13,380 ... ... 24,370 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 13,580 ... ... 22,665 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,810 ... ... 25,915 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 13,785 ... ... 26,725 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 13,520 ... ... 25,965 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 13,085 ... ... 25,290 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 24,025 ... ... 48,610 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 21,315 ... ... 44,280 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 18,365 ... ... 38,890 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 15,250 ... ... 32,370 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 12,795 ... ... 26,890 ... ...
$100,000 and over 67,015 ... ... 97,850 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 24,115 ... ... 46,355 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 15,235 ... ... 24,795 ... ...
$150,000 and over 27,660 ... ... 26,705 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 157,895 ... ... 341,205 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 90,754 ... ... 84,441 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 78,915 ... ... 72,563 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 64,285 ... ... 127,580 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 89,248 ... ... 79,103 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,651 ... ... 67,596 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 63,885 ... ... 150,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,636 ... ... 104,902 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,822 ... ... 89,307 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.2 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 23,190 ... ... 52,215 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,242 ... ... 49,922 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,864 ... ... 46,048 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.5 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 157,765 ... ... 341,235 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 123,043 ... ... 101,410 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 99,168 ... ... 83,132 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 64,115 ... ... 127,710 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 122,724 ... ... 95,583 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 97,432 ... ... 77,743 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 63,955 ... ... 150,695 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 146,259 ... ... 122,176 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 117,820 ... ... 99,399 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 23,130 ... ... 52,130 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,258 ... ... 60,006 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,017 ... ... 52,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 159,610 77,970 81,640 175,270 86,935 88,335
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,285 32,735 31,872 32,927 35,568 30,818
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,113 29,381 28,877 29,429 31,130 28,062
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 159,335 77,730 81,605 174,945 86,380 88,565
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 45,574 47,649 43,597 40,853 43,332 38,434
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,678 38,938 36,477 33,961 35,291 32,663
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 618,210 301,665 316,545 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
In the bottom half of the distribution 312,560 149,205 163,360 687,930 332,640 355,290
In the bottom decile 93,215 45,030 48,190 151,750 74,825 76,930
In the second decile 63,335 29,625 33,710 135,485 62,035 73,450
In the third decile 53,770 25,580 28,190 135,395 64,805 70,590
In the fourth decile 51,155 24,475 26,685 132,755 65,185 67,575
In the fifth decile 51,080 24,495 26,585 132,540 65,790 66,750
In the top half of the distribution 305,650 152,460 153,185 552,770 281,805 270,965
In the sixth decile 50,755 24,580 26,170 127,575 64,305 63,265
In the seventh decile 51,560 25,365 26,200 123,505 62,770 60,735
In the eighth decile 54,985 27,165 27,820 116,805 59,460 57,350
In the ninth decile 62,020 31,070 30,960 104,820 53,835 50,980
In the top decile 86,325 44,285 42,045 80,070 41,435 38,640
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 618,210 301,665 316,545 1,175,720 581,585 594,135
0 to 17 years 86,040 44,615 41,425 260,905 134,075 126,830
0 to 5 years 29,140 15,210 13,920 85,935 44,240 41,695
18 to 64 years 441,005 215,215 225,785 737,035 365,965 371,070
65 years and over 91,160 41,830 49,335 177,780 81,540 96,235
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 116,045 55,460 60,585 180,880 85,185 95,690
0 to 17 years 17,130 8,815 8,320 57,185 29,390 27,790
0 to 5 years 4,945 2,485 2,455 21,325 10,970 10,355
18 to 64 years 79,800 38,185 41,620 98,920 46,630 52,285
65 years and over 19,115 8,465 10,650 24,785 9,165 15,615
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 18.8 18.4 19.1 15.4 14.6 16.1
0 to 17 years (%) 19.9 19.8 20.1 21.9 21.9 21.9
0 to 5 years (%) 17.0 16.3 17.6 24.8 24.8 24.8
18 to 64 years (%) 18.1 17.7 18.4 13.4 12.7 14.1
65 years and over (%) 21.0 20.2 21.6 13.9 11.2 16.2
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 106,445 51,215 55,225 115,965 56,255 59,705
0 to 17 years 13,965 7,185 6,775 33,260 17,040 16,220
0 to 5 years 3,900 1,945 1,955 12,310 6,325 5,985
18 to 64 years 79,195 38,255 40,930 73,655 35,895 37,760
65 years and over 13,290 5,770 7,520 9,045 3,325 5,725
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 17.2 17.0 17.4 9.9 9.7 10.0
0 to 17 years (%) 16.2 16.1 16.4 12.7 12.7 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 13.4 12.8 14.0 14.3 14.3 14.4
18 to 64 years (%) 18.0 17.8 18.1 10.0 9.8 10.2
65 years and over (%) 14.6 13.8 15.2 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 618,210 301,665 316,545 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Official languages 576,100 284,425 291,675 1,224,985 607,375 617,605
English 575,700 284,250 291,450 1,223,665 606,760 616,905
French 61,745 27,745 33,995 108,560 49,435 59,130
Non-official languages 333,915 154,335 179,580 340,250 165,150 175,100
Aboriginal languages 625 275 350 40,465 19,410 21,050
Algonquian languages 240 115 130 38,305 18,375 19,930
Blackfoot 10 0 10 10 0 10
Cree-Montagnais languages 155 80 75 20,975 10,025 10,955
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 85 25 55
Plains Cree 30 15 20 190 90 100
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 0 1,140 505 640
Woods Cree 10 0 0 130 65 65
Cree, n.o.s. 115 65 50 19,435 9,340 10,095
Eastern Algonquian languages 15 10 0 10 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 10 10 10 10 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 60 25 40 17,710 8,520 9,185
Algonquin 15 10 10 10 0 0
Ojibway 45 20 25 9,685 4,560 5,125
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 8,045 3,975 4,070
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 40 15 30 1,120 525 595
Northern Athabaskan languages 45 15 25 1,110 520 590
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 25 0 20 0 0 0
Chilcotin 10 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 1,110 520 595
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 10 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 25 10 15 0 0 0
Inuit languages 20 10 15 110 55 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 10 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 10 0 10 80 35 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 15 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 10 0 15 10 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 30 15 10 210 115 95
Salish languages 95 30 65 0 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 20 0 15 10 0 10
Lillooet 15 10 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 10 0 0 0
Squamish 15 10 10 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 35 10 25 0 0 0
Siouan languages 15 0 10 760 365 395
Dakota 10 0 10 760 360 400
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 80 40 35 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 20 0 20 0 0 0
Nisga'a 20 20 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 35 20 15 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 55 20 35 10 0 10
Haisla 25 0 20 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 15 10 10 10 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 15 20 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 10 10 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 15 10 35 15 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 333,340 154,080 179,260 299,900 145,795 154,110
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,165 3,840 3,330 15,730 8,320 7,410
Berber languages 65 45 25 85 50 40
Kabyle 10 10 0 45 25 20
Berber languages, n.i.e. 60 40 20 50 35 10
Cushitic languages 355 180 180 2,300 1,195 1,105
Bilen 0 0 0 210 120 85
Oromo 120 75 45 535 275 260
Somali 235 105 130 1,550 790 760
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 10
Semitic languages 6,825 3,675 3,155 13,685 7,300 6,390
Amharic 410 225 190 2,475 1,370 1,105
Arabic 3,755 2,140 1,615 6,650 3,590 3,055
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 135 65 75 15 0 10
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 10 10 0 0
Harari 15 15 0 0 10 0
Hebrew 2,470 1,220 1,255 3,370 1,735 1,635
Maltese 30 20 0 65 30 35
Tigrigna 170 85 85 2,225 1,175 1,050
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 155 80 80
Austro-Asiatic languages 13,740 6,535 7,200 5,230 2,545 2,685
Khmer (Cambodian) 335 120 220 335 185 150
Vietnamese 13,400 6,400 7,000 4,905 2,370 2,535
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 60 30 25 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 31,410 12,660 18,750 65,305 30,220 35,090
Bikol 125 45 75 225 100 125
Cebuano 1,065 395 665 1,615 805 810
Fijian 110 70 40 65 35 30
Hiligaynon 350 130 220 425 180 245
Ilocano 2,185 870 1,315 1,875 880 990
Malagasy 10 0 10 0 0 0
Malay 1,630 800 830 375 180 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 240 105 135 945 415 530
Pangasinan 160 60 100 205 100 110
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 28,690 11,305 17,385 64,165 29,640 34,520
Waray-Waray 80 35 50 115 55 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 380 205 175 200 80 120
Creole languages 300 160 140 1,310 605 705
Haitian Creole 15 0 10 25 10 15
Creole, n.o.s. 145 70 75 635 310 315
Creole languages, n.i.e. 145 85 60 680 305 375
Dravidian languages 2,640 1,515 1,120 1,840 945 895
Kannada 110 55 60 175 95 80
Malayalam 535 300 235 830 400 430
Tamil 1,650 895 750 655 330 325
Telugu 435 315 125 255 150 110
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 15 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 25 0 15 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 111,405 54,185 57,225 175,950 86,435 89,510
Albanian 90 45 40 390 195 195
Armenian 440 220 215 65 50 15
Balto-Slavic languages 17,000 7,695 9,300 39,530 18,780 20,745
Baltic languages 325 160 165 230 90 140
Latvian 170 105 70 115 45 70
Lithuanian 155 60 90 120 50 65
Slavic languages 16,800 7,600 9,205 39,360 18,720 20,640
Belarusan 80 30 50 65 25 45
Bosnian 425 185 240 835 405 430
Bulgarian 545 210 335 155 95 60
Croatian 1,820 835 990 1,595 765 825
Czech 1,305 610 690 735 335 395
Macedonian 130 70 55 140 75 60
Polish 3,035 1,360 1,680 7,655 3,625 4,035
Russian 6,100 2,735 3,360 13,455 6,715 6,740
Serbian 2,575 1,215 1,355 870 470 400
Serbo-Croatian 610 255 355 190 75 115
Slovak 805 390 410 480 215 260
Slovene (Slovenian) 195 80 115 275 100 175
Ukrainian 1,290 530 755 17,095 7,795 9,305
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 90 45 40 70 35 30
Celtic languages 715 400 315 225 125 100
Scottish Gaelic 140 85 50 90 65 25
Welsh 35 20 20 90 45 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 540 295 245 45 15 25
Germanic languages 16,490 8,185 8,305 68,285 33,250 35,035
Afrikaans 810 440 370 715 330 385
Danish 545 250 295 270 120 150
Dutch 1,855 955 900 3,120 1,555 1,565
Frisian 10 10 0 90 65 30
German 12,085 6,045 6,040 61,760 30,170 31,600
Icelandic 115 65 55 560 225 335
Norwegian 450 260 195 290 115 175
Swedish 1,025 430 595 270 125 150
Vlaams (Flemish) 110 70 40 270 120 155
Yiddish 235 105 130 545 235 315
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 2,490 1,285 1,205
Greek 3,025 1,440 1,590 2,010 1,015 1,000
Indo-Iranian languages 36,930 18,670 18,255 38,760 20,480 18,280
Indo-Aryan languages 27,675 13,880 13,800 35,830 18,990 16,835
Bengali 870 500 375 1,520 885 635
Gujarati 1,390 735 655 3,905 2,065 1,840
Hindi 9,925 5,005 4,920 12,900 6,900 6,000
Kashmiri 15 10 10 20 15 10
Konkani 55 35 20 40 30 10
Marathi 275 160 115 275 170 105
Nepali 295 155 135 600 285 315
Oriya (Odia) 15 0 0 15 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 17,960 8,850 9,110 22,900 12,035 10,865
Sindhi 410 170 235 150 85 65
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 405 190 210 920 500 420
Urdu 1,575 875 695 4,600 2,540 2,060
Iranian languages 9,360 4,845 4,510 3,035 1,525 1,515
Kurdish 415 235 180 600 295 305
Pashto 210 100 105 290 135 150
Persian (Farsi) 8,915 4,625 4,290 2,295 1,175 1,120
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 80 45 30 230 125 105
Italic (Romance) languages 41,175 19,660 21,520 34,360 16,630 17,735
Catalan 155 75 80 15 10 10
Italian 8,435 3,975 4,455 5,350 2,610 2,735
Portuguese 6,235 2,995 3,240 8,460 4,125 4,335
Romanian 1,350 665 685 785 395 390
Spanish 27,755 13,220 14,530 20,605 9,910 10,695
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 75 45 25 60 45 15
Japanese 11,240 4,820 6,415 1,160 550 605
Kartvelian languages 15 10 0 10 0 15
Georgian 15 0 0 15 0 15
Korean 8,795 3,760 5,030 4,240 2,100 2,145
Mongolic languages 120 60 65 55 20 35
Mongolian 125 60 65 55 20 30
Niger-Congo languages 1,105 590 515 7,970 4,125 3,845
Akan (Twi) 55 15 40 260 165 95
Bamanankan 10 10 0 160 95 65
Edo 10 0 0 95 60 30
Ewe 20 10 10 50 30 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 30 10 25 50 25 25
Ga 10 0 0 30 10 15
Ganda 25 20 10 230 110 120
Igbo 40 30 15 665 345 325
Lingala 35 15 20 655 315 345
Rundi (Kirundi) 30 10 20 205 105 105
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 55 30 20 305 155 155
Shona 65 20 45 250 110 140
Swahili 585 320 265 1,930 1,020 905
Wolof 10 0 0 150 85 70
Yoruba 55 30 25 2,630 1,330 1,295
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 190 115 75 1,440 765 680
Nilo-Saharan languages 75 35 35 410 225 185
Dinka 0 10 0 180 105 75
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 70 35 35 225 120 105
Sign languages 925 395 530 2,670 985 1,685
American Sign Language 585 200 385 1,710 625 1,090
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 350 200 150 975 365 610
Sino-Tibetan languages 150,200 68,430 81,770 21,130 10,490 10,650
Chinese languages 149,515 68,075 81,435 20,475 10,185 10,285
Cantonese 100,810 46,565 54,250 8,310 3,920 4,390
Hakka 910 440 470 50 30 20
Mandarin 65,800 28,570 37,235 12,825 6,460 6,365
Min Dong 35 20 15 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,480 1,885 2,600 480 230 250
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,610 680 925 185 95 85
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,555 1,625 1,930 1,115 600 510
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 790 405 385 675 310 370
Burmese 565 285 285 185 115 70
Karenic languages 0 0 0 465 200 265
Tibetan 105 60 45 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 135 75 60 145 60 80
Tai-Kadai languages 1,340 545 795 1,565 730 835
Lao 160 60 100 1,120 520 600
Thai 1,220 500 720 575 270 305
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 1,570 895 675 510 250 265
Azerbaijani 140 80 60 50 25 30
Turkish 1,390 780 615 365 180 185
Uyghur 0 10 0 30 15 10
Uzbek 45 30 10 40 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 45 15 30
Uralic languages 2,130 985 1,145 1,550 730 815
Estonian 85 25 55 45 20 25
Finnish 510 195 315 265 105 160
Hungarian 1,535 760 775 1,235 600 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 205 120 80 445 290 150
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 618,210 301,665 316,545 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 525,810 257,515 268,295 1,133,080 560,165 572,920
Canadian citizens aged under 18 78,285 40,660 37,625 266,225 136,640 129,585
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 447,530 216,855 230,675 866,855 423,520 443,335
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 92,400 44,155 48,245 107,620 54,280 53,340
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 618,210 301,665 316,545 1,240,700 614,445 626,255
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 325,175 166,590 158,585 996,860 494,285 502,570
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 262,765 120,310 142,455 227,465 111,095 116,365
Before 1981 63,890 30,340 33,550 50,025 23,340 26,680
1981 to 1990 38,210 17,310 20,900 20,205 10,190 10,010
1991 to 2000 63,480 28,390 35,090 23,040 11,165 11,875
2001 to 2010 59,855 26,595 33,255 70,985 35,305 35,680
2001 to 2005 26,900 11,805 15,090 22,570 11,195 11,370
2006 to 2010 32,955 14,795 18,165 48,415 24,110 24,305
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 37,335 17,675 19,655 63,210 31,095 32,120
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 30,270 14,760 15,505 16,375 9,055 7,320
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 262,765 120,315 142,455 227,470 111,100 116,370
Under 5 years 19,200 9,480 9,720 25,595 12,975 12,625
5 to 14 years 40,950 20,860 20,095 45,570 23,305 22,265
15 to 24 years 55,145 25,130 30,020 44,585 20,820 23,770
25 to 44 years 116,780 51,380 65,405 93,700 45,160 48,540
45 years and over 30,695 13,470 17,225 18,010 8,845 9,170
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 262,770 120,310 142,460 227,465 111,095 116,365
Americas 20,600 10,170 10,430 31,980 15,285 16,700
Brazil 1,030 440 590 435 170 265
Colombia 950 445 505 1,050 510 545
El Salvador 1,125 600 525 2,480 1,325 1,155
Guyana 255 110 150 1,135 515 620
Haiti 20 10 15 155 75 80
Jamaica 485 270 215 1,810 835 970
Mexico 2,760 1,385 1,375 6,655 3,330 3,320
Peru 790 345 445 235 85 150
Trinidad and Tobago 455 205 255 1,505 785 720
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 9,295 4,710 4,585 7,100 3,100 4,000
Other places of birth in Americas 3,435 1,650 1,780 9,425 4,550 4,875
Europe 43,990 21,825 22,160 56,705 27,815 28,890
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,155 505 650 1,055 530 525
Croatia 1,050 550 505 975 445 535
France 1,775 945 830 795 425 365
Germany 3,210 1,540 1,665 10,390 5,215 5,175
Greece 1,175 535 640 820 445 375
Hungary 950 510 440 815 435 375
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,760 1,025 735 650 310 340
Italy 3,515 1,690 1,820 2,755 1,405 1,350
Netherlands 860 465 395 2,250 1,185 1,060
Poland 2,150 1,000 1,150 5,280 2,455 2,820
Portugal 1,590 770 820 4,380 2,170 2,210
Romania 1,235 595 640 720 345 375
Russian Federation 2,330 945 1,390 4,245 2,035 2,210
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,310 635 675 355 175 175
Ukraine 1,210 530 680 4,765 2,250 2,515
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 12,970 6,935 6,035 11,665 5,655 6,015
Other places of birth in Europe 5,735 2,660 3,075 4,790 2,325 2,470
Africa 6,170 3,290 2,880 17,975 9,495 8,485
Algeria 125 95 30 115 60 55
Egypt 310 170 140 980 525 455
Ethiopia 445 200 245 2,525 1,360 1,165
Kenya 675 315 365 935 470 465
Morocco 210 125 80 250 140 110
Nigeria 130 65 60 3,820 2,070 1,750
Somalia 100 65 30 755 350 415
South Africa, Republic of 1,985 1,060 925 975 465 505
Other places of birth in Africa 2,195 1,190 1,005 7,630 4,055 3,570
Asia 186,705 82,370 104,335 120,230 58,215 62,015
Afghanistan 285 170 115 615 285 330
Bangladesh 490 250 240 880 475 400
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 66,760 29,120 37,635 9,250 4,460 4,790
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 24,695 11,145 13,550 1,460 715 735
India 13,000 6,335 6,665 21,990 11,395 10,595
IranCensus data footnote 61 7,385 3,865 3,515 1,180 655 530
Iraq 650 330 325 860 460 400
Japan 4,200 1,175 3,025 225 70 150
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 5,695 2,355 3,340 2,880 1,415 1,470
Lebanon 370 215 160 265 165 100
Pakistan 920 505 415 3,125 1,675 1,450
Philippines 28,480 11,390 17,090 61,950 28,800 33,150
Sri Lanka 1,285 645 640 1,015 515 505
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 270 155 115 805 390 410
Taiwan 8,920 3,825 5,095 215 110 110
Viet Nam 11,930 5,555 6,375 4,225 2,035 2,185
Other places of birth in Asia 11,360 5,340 6,025 9,285 4,590 4,695
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 5,300 2,655 2,650 575 290 280
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 37,335 17,675 19,660 63,210 31,095 32,115
Americas 4,180 2,265 1,910 4,130 1,840 2,290
Brazil 480 230 250 100 35 65
Colombia 180 90 90 185 70 120
Cuba 25 15 10 75 25 55
Haiti 0 0 0 15 10 0
Jamaica 15 10 0 340 175 165
Mexico 1,020 570 445 875 415 465
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,805 1,010 795 970 445 525
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 65 35 30 75 30 40
Other places of birth in Americas 590 295 295 1,490 640 850
Europe 5,875 3,165 2,710 5,155 2,650 2,505
France 595 320 275 135 70 75
Germany 360 195 170 580 310 265
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 940 590 350 135 80 60
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 25 15 10 160 85 70
Romania 85 40 50 70 30 35
Russian Federation