Census Profile, 2016 Census
Burnaby, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Burnaby, CY
British Columbia
[Census subdivision]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Burnaby, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia  Map : Burnaby, City [Census subdivision], British Columbia Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 232,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,648,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 223,218  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,400,057  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 98,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,063,417  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 92,201  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,969  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,568.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 90.61  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 922,503.01  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 232,755 113,760 118,995 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 31,080 16,065 15,020 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 10,865 5,615 5,250 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 10,405 5,400 5,010 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 9,810 5,050 4,765 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 164,815 80,825 83,990 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 12,585 6,510 6,080 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 18,850 9,760 9,090 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 19,195 9,845 9,355 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 17,880 8,920 8,960 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 15,975 7,800 8,165 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 15,480 7,295 8,180 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 16,615 7,725 8,885 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 17,890 8,525 9,370 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 16,160 7,710 8,450 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 14,185 6,740 7,445 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 36,860 16,875 19,985 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 11,860 5,620 6,245 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 8,120 3,830 4,290 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 6,670 3,010 3,665 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 5,070 2,395 2,680 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 5,135 2,015 3,115 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 3,165 1,310 1,855 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 1,515 580 935 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 390 105 285 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 60 20 45 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 13.4 14.1 12.6 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 70.8 71.0 70.6 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 15.8 14.8 16.8 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.2 1.8 2.6 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 41.1 40.1 42.0 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 40.3 38.6 41.8 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 92,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 19,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 830,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 22,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 177,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 50,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 824,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 2,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 8,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 147,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 15,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 22,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 385,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 92,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 25,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 29,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 663,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 16,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 277,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 12,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 7,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 230,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,560,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 201,670 97,695 103,975 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 111,890 55,620 56,275 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 98,730 48,990 49,735 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 13,165 6,635 6,535 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 89,780 42,075 47,705 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 63,890 34,250 29,635 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 4,520 1,770 2,750 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 11,625 4,220 7,410 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 9,740 1,830 7,905 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 64,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 30,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 703,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 16,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 275,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 13,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 243,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 3,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 87,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 64,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 53,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,113,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 47,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 927,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 6,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 10,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 197,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 8,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 1,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 53,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,113,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 24,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 577,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 29,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 535,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 13,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 221,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 12,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 230,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 3,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 10,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 197,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 6,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 125,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 2,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 47,480 22,980 24,500 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 92,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 57,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,195,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 21,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 527,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 36,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 668,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 3,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 31,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 630,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 25,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 5,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 230,930 112,935 118,000 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 202,685 100,785 101,905 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 110 50 60 1,810 820 985
English and French 12,155 5,560 6,595 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 15,985 6,545 9,435 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 230,935 112,935 118,000 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 211,730 104,790 106,940 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 1,775 925 845 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 1,645 765 880 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 15,780 6,450 9,335 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,600 1,315 1,290 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 230,930 112,935 118,000 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 222,230 108,750 113,480 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 93,495 48,940 44,555 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 91,850 48,090 43,765 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 1,645 855 785 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 128,740 59,815 68,925 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 70 25 40 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 25 5 20 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 10 10 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 5 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 10 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 5 0 5 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 20 10 5 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 5 5 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 5 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 5 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 5 5 0 650 295 355
Dene 10 5 5 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 5 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 10 5 5 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 5 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 5 5 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 5 5 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 5 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 5 5 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 5 5 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 128,675 59,785 68,885 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,575 1,345 1,230 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 25 15 10 115 75 45
Kabyle 10 5 5 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 170 85 85 1,505 765 740
Bilen 5 5 0 5 0 0
Oromo 25 20 5 205 115 95
Somali 140 65 70 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 20 10 15
Semitic languages 2,370 1,240 1,130 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 265 130 135 1,370 670 700
Arabic 1,770 940 835 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 30 20 10 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 90 50 40 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 5 5 5 215 100 115
Tigrigna 195 95 100 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,440 1,100 1,340 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 70 40 30 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 2,375 1,065 1,310 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 9,335 3,810 5,525 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 30 20 15 375 165 215
Cebuano 355 150 210 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 35 15 15 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 170 50 120 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 420 170 255 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 660 280 375 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 85 35 50 700 320 380
Pangasinan 10 5 10 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,435 3,030 4,405 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 40 15 25 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 90 35 50 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 55 30 20 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 5 5 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 30 20 10 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 845 440 400 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 60 30 30 280 150 135
Malayalam 165 90 70 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 430 215 215 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 190 105 85 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 5 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 37,805 18,525 19,280 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 230 110 120 1,465 765 705
Armenian 145 70 70 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 8,895 4,315 4,580 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 30 15 15 1,070 485 585
Latvian 15 10 10 565 255 300
Lithuanian 15 5 5 505 225 280
Slavic languages 8,870 4,300 4,565 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 330 165 170 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 195 95 100 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 1,535 735 800 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 275 150 125 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 45 25 20 325 160 165
Polish 1,010 500 515 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 2,650 1,230 1,420 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 1,855 970 890 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 235 115 120 1,395 670 725
Slovak 195 80 115 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 60 25 35 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 440 195 245 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 345 175 170
Celtic languages 15 5 10 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 10 240 130 110
Welsh 5 0 5 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 2,155 1,070 1,085 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 55 30 25 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 125 60 65 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 330 160 170 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 0 0 0 295 145 145
German 1,505 745 770 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 0 5 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 45 30 20 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 75 40 35 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 0 445 220 225
Yiddish 5 0 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 65 45 25
Greek 475 235 245 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 15,075 7,525 7,550 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 10,405 5,060 5,340 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 480 255 230 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 1,515 705 810 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 2,040 960 1,085 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 5 5 0 65 35 25
Konkani 15 5 10 255 130 125
Marathi 135 65 70 620 325 295
Nepali 80 35 40 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 20 10 10 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5,000 2,465 2,535 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 440 200 245 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 125 60 65 1,675 845 830
Urdu 550 305 245 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 4,645 2,450 2,190 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 420 225 195 1,765 945 825
Pashto 145 75 70 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 4,080 2,150 1,925 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 10,810 5,195 5,615 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 10 5 5 160 85 75
Italian 3,975 1,935 2,040 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 1,825 890 935 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 825 415 420 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 4,165 1,950 2,215 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 105 65 40
Japanese 2,285 780 1,500 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 10 10 5 85 50 35
Georgian 10 10 5 85 50 40
Korean 7,010 3,210 3,795 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 60 25 35 360 150 205
Mongolian 60 25 30 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 365 180 190 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 40 15 20 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 5 5 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 5 0 45 25 20
Ga 5 5 5 45 20 25
Ganda 10 5 5 90 45 45
Igbo 20 15 5 245 145 105
Lingala 15 5 10 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 5 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 5 10 155 70 80
Shona 30 20 15 215 100 115
Swahili 100 45 55 805 400 405
Wolof 5 0 5 50 25 25
Yoruba 30 15 10 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 95 40 55 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 65 35 30 340 175 165
Dinka 40 25 15 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 240 115 125
Sign languages 70 45 30 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 35 20 15 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 35 20 15 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 64,125 29,515 34,610 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 63,975 29,435 34,540 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 27,375 12,645 14,730 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 380 165 215 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 32,295 14,830 17,470 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 35 20 15 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,745 780 960 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 780 360 425 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,325 625 695 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 35 10 20 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 150 80 75 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 75 40 40 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 50 30 25 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 280 85 200 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 50 20 25 1,100 550 550
Thai 240 60 175 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 460 245 215 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 65 35 30 530 290 235
Turkish 275 160 120 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 70 30 35 170 85 85
Uzbek 15 5 10 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 20 190 80 110
Uralic languages 830 375 450 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 45 20 30 705 295 410
Finnish 185 70 115 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 605 290 315 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 50 25 30 500 280 225
Multiple responses 8,700 4,180 4,520 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 375 190 185 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 8,000 3,845 4,155 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 170 85 85 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 155 60 90 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 230,930 112,935 118,000 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 208,650 102,335 106,315 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 128,685 65,085 63,605 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 128,085 64,770 63,315 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 605 320 290 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 79,960 37,250 42,710 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 15 5 10 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 5 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 5 0 5 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 5 5 5 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 5 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 79,945 37,240 42,705 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,580 800 780 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 15 5 5 45 25 20
Kabyle 10 5 5 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 80 45 40 770 355 415
Bilen 5 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 15 15 5 90 50 45
Somali 60 30 35 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 1,480 750 730 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 170 90 80 600 275 320
Arabic 1,100 565 535 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 25 10 10 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 5 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 45 25 20 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 130 60 70 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,305 585 715 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 25 10 15 800 375 420
Vietnamese 1,280 575 700 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 3,935 1,690 2,240 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 5 5 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 155 70 85 1,305 585 715
Fijian 5 5 5 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 30 10 20 415 175 240
Ilocano 135 55 80 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 235 105 130 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 5 150 70 80
Pangasinan 5 5 5 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,305 1,410 1,890 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 20 5 15 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 310 150 160
Creole languages 20 5 10 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 0 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 490 250 240 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 30 10 15 110 55 60
Malayalam 90 55 40 1,225 615 605
Tamil 255 125 130 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 115 60 55 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 18,330 8,790 9,540 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 95 45 50 695 335 360
Armenian 100 45 55 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 4,835 2,365 2,470 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 0 0 0 210 90 115
Latvian 0 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 0 0 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 4,835 2,365 2,470 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 5 0 5 15 5 5
Bosnian 190 95 100 595 300 300
Bulgarian 115 50 60 1,035 485 550
Croatian 655 315 340 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 85 45 40 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 30 10 15 150 75 75
Polish 420 200 220 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 1,835 890 945 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 1,170 600 560 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 100 50 50 500 235 265
Slovak 80 40 45 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 5 145 65 85
Ukrainian 150 70 85 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 5 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 5 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 230 100 125 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 20 5 10 1,475 715 760
Danish 10 5 10 305 145 160
Dutch 30 15 10 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 155 65 90 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 5 0 140 60 80
Swedish 10 0 5 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 165 85 80 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 8,275 3,995 4,280 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 5,165 2,425 2,740 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 285 145 145 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 730 315 415 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 810 385 425 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 5 5 40 25 25
Marathi 65 25 35 270 140 130
Nepali 45 30 20 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,695 1,275 1,420 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 195 80 115 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 60 30 30 675 330 340
Urdu 255 135 115 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 3,095 1,565 1,530 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 290 155 135 1,080 540 535
Pashto 95 45 45 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 2,705 1,370 1,340 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 4,630 2,150 2,480 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 1,155 510 645 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 845 415 430 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 440 210 225 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 2,190 1,020 1,175 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 1,105 465 640 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 10 5 5 30 15 10
Georgian 10 5 5 30 15 15
Korean 5,430 2,530 2,900 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 20 10 10 170 80 90
Mongolian 15 15 5 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 120 55 60 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 5 5 0 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 5 5 5 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 5 5 5 40 20 15
Lingala 15 5 10 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 20 10 10 65 25 40
Swahili 25 10 15 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 5 5 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 10 25 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 25 20 5 140 60 75
Dinka 20 15 5 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 85 30 55
Sign languages 105 60 45 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 45 25 20 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 5 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 60 35 25 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 46,825 21,670 25,155 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 46,730 21,615 25,115 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 18,670 8,535 10,135 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 130 55 75 700 295 410
Mandarin 25,855 12,060 13,795 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 15 10 15 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 790 370 425 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 470 220 245 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 780 365 420 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 95 50 45 1,745 885 865
Burmese 45 20 20 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 45 30 20 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 100 35 65 1,380 595 785
Lao 5 5 0 460 225 235
Thai 90 30 60 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 265 135 125 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 40 20 15 195 105 95
Turkish 160 85 70 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 50 25 25 95 50 50
Uzbek 5 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 40 20 25
Uralic languages 285 125 160 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 10 5 10 95 40 55
Finnish 55 20 40 725 325 400
Hungarian 215 100 115 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 145 70 75
Multiple responses 22,285 10,600 11,685 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 285 145 140 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 21,670 10,305 11,365 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 45 25 20 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 280 125 155 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 230,930 112,930 118,000 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 166,660 82,585 84,075 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 29,745 14,340 15,405 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 1,280 555 725 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 32,210 14,965 17,250 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 55 25 30 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 32,155 14,940 17,220 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 105 40 65 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 680 310 370 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 220 125 95 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 20 5 10 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 199,025 96,635 102,390 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 190,860 92,800 98,055 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,900 33,872 25,109 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 191,170 93,090 98,085 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,533 30,019 23,866 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 168,775 83,250 85,530 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,595 35,283 24,751 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 136,845 59,775 77,070 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,600 768 2,631 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 138,290 70,240 68,050 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,497 37,455 28,060 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 199,025 96,595 102,430 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 190,915 92,770 98,145 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,192 46,589 34,145 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 191,245 93,080 98,165 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,856 38,260 29,680 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 168,935 83,475 85,455 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,816 47,936 33,861 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 136,805 59,685 77,120 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,687 5,368 5,934 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 138,290 70,485 67,805 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,993 48,571 35,155 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 199,025 96,595 102,430 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 58,885 32,935 25,950 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,370 58,891 48,721 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 62,793 68,972 54,952 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.8 92.5 86.3 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 75.8 79.1 71.6 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.2 7.5 13.7 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 199,025 96,630 102,395 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 8,165 3,830 4,330 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 190,860 92,800 98,055 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 95.9 96.0 95.8 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 38,620 17,095 21,525 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 34,885 15,030 19,860 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 24,160 10,600 13,565 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 20,115 9,225 10,885 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 17,755 8,355 9,400 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 14,000 7,040 6,960 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 10,600 5,855 4,745 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 7,915 4,550 3,365 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 6,075 3,625 2,450 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 4,340 2,650 1,690 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 12,395 8,780 3,615 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 8,740 6,015 2,735 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 3,650 2,770 880 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 199,025 96,635 102,390 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 7,855 3,550 4,310 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 191,170 93,085 98,080 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.1 96.3 95.8 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 39,770 17,895 21,875 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 36,420 15,865 20,560 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 28,450 12,765 15,680 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 23,580 10,895 12,680 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 19,850 9,695 10,160 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 13,875 7,530 6,350 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 9,640 5,525 4,115 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 6,745 4,030 2,720 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 12,835 8,885 3,950 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 4,310 2,790 1,520 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 2,580 1,745 835 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 5,945 4,355 1,590 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 199,025 96,630 102,390 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 60,735 26,390 34,345 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 138,290 70,245 68,050 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 69.5 72.7 66.5 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 19,460 8,725 10,735 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 10,905 4,820 6,085 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 19,260 8,940 10,320 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 15,740 7,385 8,355 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 14,775 6,965 7,815 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 13,770 6,505 7,260 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 11,000 5,665 5,330 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 8,380 4,755 3,625 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 6,415 3,750 2,670 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 18,580 12,725 5,855 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 5,110 3,115 2,000 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 3,630 2,335 1,295 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 9,840 7,280 2,555 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 92,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 64,737  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 69,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 57,107  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 25,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,416  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,701  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,804  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,899  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 66,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,340,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,672  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,466  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 72,129  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,108  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 92,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 83,223  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,354  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 70,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,209  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 25,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 541,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,084  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,696  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,378  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 39,091  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 66,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,340,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 98,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,351  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,816  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 92,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 4,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 6,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 143,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 6,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 132,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 5,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 5,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 4,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 27,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 607,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 8,870  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 198,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 6,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 138,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 6,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 149,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 5,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 92,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,881,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 4,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,835  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 4,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 4,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 4,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 4,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 7,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 165,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 7,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 150,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 6,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 5,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 118,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 4,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 20,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 454,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 8,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 187,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 7,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 155,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 62,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,276,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,751  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,451  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 72,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,002  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 20,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 519,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,186  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,788  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 65,107  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,464  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 29,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 536,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,961  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,736  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 89,772  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,176  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 9,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 179,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,723  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,056  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,281  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,668  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 62,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,275,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,038  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,241  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,792  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 20,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 89,292  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,772  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,636  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,021  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 29,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 536,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 120,206  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 131,213  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 100,979  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,407  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 9,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 179,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,627  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 63,004  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,138  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 40,035 20,180 19,850 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,642 27,868 25,506 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 24,965 25,727 24,253 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 39,965 20,085 19,875 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,992 37,550 34,419 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 30,641 31,672 29,600 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 230,080 112,680 117,395 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 122,270 58,820 63,450 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 36,590 17,855 18,735 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 24,515 11,485 13,030 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 20,755 9,935 10,820 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 20,060 9,665 10,400 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 20,350 9,885 10,470 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 107,810 53,860 53,945 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 20,805 10,220 10,585 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 20,910 10,395 10,515 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 21,885 10,840 11,045 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 22,840 11,445 11,395 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 21,365 10,960 10,400 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 230,080 112,685 117,400 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 37,745 19,500 18,245 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 12,940 6,710 6,235 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 157,690 77,100 80,595 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 34,645 16,085 18,560 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 47,315 22,685 24,630 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 8,455 4,420 4,035 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 2,815 1,470 1,345 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 31,820 15,240 16,585 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 7,035 3,030 4,010 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 20.6 20.1 21.0 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 22.4 22.7 22.1 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 21.8 21.9 21.6 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 20.2 19.8 20.6 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 20.3 18.8 21.6 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 40,895 19,870 21,030 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 6,915 3,600 3,315 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 2,245 1,170 1,080 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 29,540 14,430 15,115 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 4,445 1,840 2,605 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 17.8 17.6 17.9 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 18.3 18.5 18.2 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 17.3 17.4 17.3 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 18.7 18.7 18.8 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 12.8 11.4 14.0 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 230,080 112,685 117,395 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 214,175 106,155 108,025 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 214,070 106,105 107,960 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 12,260 5,685 6,575 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 149,515 70,250 79,265 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 115 30 85 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 60 20 35 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 10 0 10 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 50 20 30 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 15 10 10 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 25 0 15 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 10 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 0 0 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 10 0 10 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 10 10 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 10 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 10 10 10 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 10 10 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 30 0 25 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 10 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 10 0 15 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 10 0 10 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 149,405 70,225 79,185 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,335 1,680 1,650 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 10 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 235 90 145 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 15 0 15 20 10 15
Oromo 30 0 20 245 140 110
Somali 195 80 110 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 3,120 1,595 1,520 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 390 200 190 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 2,335 1,225 1,115 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 45 10 35 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 260 135 125 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 10 0 0 315 155 155
Tigrigna 280 145 135 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 15 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,185 1,550 1,635 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 55 25 35 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 3,140 1,530 1,610 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 11,830 5,010 6,820 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 80 35 45 530 215 310
Cebuano 530 240 290 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 60 45 15 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 155 70 80 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 640 245 395 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 1,130 530 600 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 90 40 50 855 365 495
Pangasinan 55 20 25 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 10,335 4,285 6,050 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 35 15 20 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 130 60 65 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 160 90 70 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 70 50 25 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 85 45 45 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 1,340 635 700 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 75 45 30 510 250 265
Malayalam 275 150 130 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 745 345 400 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 330 150 180 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 48,835 23,940 24,895 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 290 145 145 1,640 840 795
Armenian 215 110 100 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 10,370 5,205 5,160 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 35 25 10 1,030 515 520
Latvian 15 0 10 555 290 265
Lithuanian 25 15 0 475 220 250
Slavic languages 10,345 5,185 5,160 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 30 15 15 245 115 125
Bosnian 485 240 245 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 155 75 85 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 2,335 1,190 1,140 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 330 180 150 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 70 40 30 400 220 185
Polish 1,260 600 655 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 3,510 1,675 1,835 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 2,225 1,195 1,035 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 250 145 105 1,525 770 750
Slovak 240 110 130 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 80 50 30 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 740 335 405 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 420 215 205
Celtic languages 60 55 10 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 35 25 10 660 395 265
Welsh 10 0 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 20 0 860 450 410
Germanic languages 3,450 1,765 1,690 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 155 85 75 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 155 85 70 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 375 185 185 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 0 0 0 465 230 240
German 2,505 1,310 1,205 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 10 10 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 90 45 45 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 230 100 130 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 15 0 545 270 275
Yiddish 15 15 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 155 95 60
Greek 630 295 335 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 19,820 9,765 10,055 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 14,675 7,085 7,585 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 520 230 290 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 2,710 1,215 1,495 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 5,650 2,700 2,950 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 25 10 15 415 215 200
Marathi 235 120 120 1,475 780 695
Nepali 100 40 60 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 10 10 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,785 3,415 3,370 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 975 415 560 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 220 115 100 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 1,020 600 420 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 5,315 2,775 2,545 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 395 205 185 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 205 115 85 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 4,970 2,590 2,385 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 40 10 25 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 15,430 7,360 8,075 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 15 0 15 395 210 180
Italian 5,760 2,750 3,015 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 2,175 1,040 1,145 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 910 470 435 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 7,330 3,495 3,835 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 380 245 140
Japanese 3,900 1,710 2,190 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 7,555 3,440 4,115 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 45 25 15 370 170 200
Mongolian 45 30 20 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 810 395 415 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 35 30 10 630 350 280
Bamanankan 15 10 10 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 30 15 10 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 25 10 20 165 80 85
Igbo 15 0 0 425 240 185
Lingala 45 20 30 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 10 20 290 125 165
Shona 45 35 15 415 220 195
Swahili 420 195 215 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 65 25 40 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 165 70 95 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 70 25 40 405 210 200
Dinka 10 0 10 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 60 25 30 325 155 165
Sign languages 390 205 190 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 215 90 125 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 10 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 190 125 65 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 70,470 32,790 37,675 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 70,335 32,730 37,600 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 33,515 15,445 18,070 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 430 220 210 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 43,655 19,995 23,660 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 10 10 10 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,510 1,060 1,445 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 895 400 495 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,315 590 725 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 185 85 100 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 80 35 45 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 55 25 35 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 420 175 245 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 85 30 50 1,630 735 890
Thai 370 150 215 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 765 400 360 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 125 65 60 945 510 435
Turkish 540 290 250 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 65 30 30 115 60 55
Uzbek 10 0 15 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 15 275 140 130
Uralic languages 965 385 580 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 60 20 35 780 350 425
Finnish 190 50 135 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 725 310 415 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 100 60 40 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 230,080 112,685 117,395 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 189,775 93,985 95,790 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 33,760 17,565 16,195 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 156,015 76,420 79,595 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 40,305 18,700 21,610 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 230,080 112,680 117,395 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 102,205 53,330 48,875 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 115,145 53,120 62,025 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 23,205 11,185 12,015 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 13,340 6,050 7,290 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 31,285 14,475 16,810 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 31,250 14,115 17,130 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 14,965 6,875 8,090 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 16,280 7,240 9,045 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 16,065 7,290 8,775 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 12,730 6,235 6,495 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 115,145 53,120 62,025 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 8,305 4,205 4,095 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 19,075 9,900 9,175 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 22,525 10,315 12,220 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 51,140 22,090 29,050 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 14,095 6,605 7,485 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 115,145 53,120 62,025 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 6,135 2,870 3,260 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 290 125 165 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 355 150 205 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 485 230 260 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 90 50 45 1,305 600 710
Haiti 20 15 10 570 250 315
Jamaica 220 120 100 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 800 330 470 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 370 180 190 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 165 70 95 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,690 845 845 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 1,655 775 880 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 17,125 8,495 8,635 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,100 535 565 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 1,065 525 540 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 250 125 125 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 840 425 415 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 320 175 140 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 425 195 235 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 190 100 90 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 2,860 1,470 1,390 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 270 130 135 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 960 445 515 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 665 325 340 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 785 375 410 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 1,255 580 670 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 845 450 395 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 620 270 350 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,485 1,255 1,225 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 2,210 1,110 1,100 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 4,605 2,095 2,510 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 40 20 20 485 310 175
Egypt 250 120 130 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 335 185 150 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 825 335 490 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 90 60 30 985 535 455
Nigeria 70 35 35 1,740 925 815
Somalia 140 45 95 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 375 200 170 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 2,480 1,090 1,395 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 85,610 38,895 46,710 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 1,045 535 515 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 290 120 165 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 28,600 12,835 15,760 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 10,540 4,780 5,755 74,210 34,120 40,090
India