Census Profile, 2016 Census
Vancouver Island and Coast [Economic region], British Columbia and Prince Edward Island [Province]

Select a table view
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Vancouver Island and Coast
British Columbia
[Economic region]
Prince Edward Island

[Province]
Data quality , Vancouver Island and Coast [Economic region], British Columbia  Map : Vancouver Island and Coast [Economic region], British Columbia Data quality : Prince Edward Island [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 799,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 142,907  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 759,366  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 140,204  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 383,244  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,119  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 352,716  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,472  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 9.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 84,231.61  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,686.03  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 799,400 388,510 410,890 142,910 69,305 73,605
0 to 14 years 108,085 55,205 52,875 22,685 11,570 11,115
0 to 4 years 34,070 17,360 16,710 7,005 3,645 3,360
5 to 9 years 37,270 19,065 18,200 7,905 3,985 3,925
10 to 14 years 36,740 18,775 17,960 7,775 3,940 3,830
15 to 64 years 504,685 245,775 258,905 92,510 45,090 47,420
15 to 19 years 39,980 20,245 19,735 8,645 4,435 4,215
20 to 24 years 43,840 22,405 21,435 8,620 4,390 4,225
25 to 29 years 43,765 21,880 21,885 7,650 3,700 3,945
30 to 34 years 46,020 22,735 23,285 7,760 3,735 4,025
35 to 39 years 44,960 22,035 22,930 8,180 3,885 4,295
40 to 44 years 44,865 21,780 23,085 8,820 4,235 4,585
45 to 49 years 49,560 23,925 25,630 9,560 4,650 4,910
50 to 54 years 59,140 28,275 30,865 11,250 5,425 5,825
55 to 59 years 65,605 30,990 34,615 11,330 5,420 5,915
60 to 64 years 66,945 31,505 35,435 10,685 5,215 5,475
65 years and over 186,635 87,530 99,105 27,710 12,640 15,070
65 to 69 years 63,495 30,870 32,625 9,940 4,830 5,110
70 to 74 years 45,055 21,950 23,110 6,625 3,170 3,455
75 to 79 years 30,810 14,900 15,910 4,695 2,180 2,520
80 to 84 years 22,390 10,475 11,915 3,370 1,440 1,930
85 years and over 24,880 9,330 15,540 3,080 1,020 2,060
85 to 89 years 14,935 6,240 8,695 1,895 715 1,180
90 to 94 years 7,620 2,530 5,090 910 260 650
95 to 99 years 2,045 520 1,530 250 45 210
100 years and over 275 50 225 30 5 25
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 13.5 14.2 12.9 15.9 16.7 15.1
15 to 64 years 63.1 63.3 63.0 64.7 65.1 64.4
65 years and over 23.3 22.5 24.1 19.4 18.2 20.5
85 years and over 3.1 2.4 3.8 2.2 1.5 2.8
Average age of the population 45.3 44.4 46.2 42.7 41.7 43.6
Median age of the population 47.8 46.6 49.0 44.5 43.6 45.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 352,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 196,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 11,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 133,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 15,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 18,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 34,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 64,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 10,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 352,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 110,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 141,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 46,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 36,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 18,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 779,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 139,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 691,315 333,310 358,010 120,220 57,735 62,490
Married or living common law 403,135 201,150 201,990 71,650 35,815 35,835
Married 323,585 161,500 162,085 60,895 30,465 30,430
Living common law 79,555 39,645 39,910 10,760 5,355 5,405
Not married and not living common law 288,180 132,160 156,020 48,570 21,920 26,655
Never married 168,775 91,900 76,880 30,750 16,290 14,460
Separated 20,080 8,875 11,205 3,500 1,470 2,025
Divorced 56,370 21,965 34,405 6,620 2,665 3,955
Widowed 42,950 9,420 33,530 7,700 1,495 6,210
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 230,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 143,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 42,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 33,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 11,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 230,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 196,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 156,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 39,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 34,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 26,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 7,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 196,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 120,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 75,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 33,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 31,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 10,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 34,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 22,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 9,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 2,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 170,850 79,390 91,455 23,270 10,455 12,810
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 352,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 219,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 115,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 103,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 5,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 127,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 110,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 17,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 789,005 384,050 404,950 141,015 68,540 72,480
English only 718,300 352,455 365,845 121,815 60,290 61,525
French only 275 110 165 115 55 65
English and French 66,055 29,645 36,415 17,840 7,540 10,295
Neither English nor French 4,365 1,840 2,525 1,250 650 600
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 789,000 384,050 404,950 141,015 68,535 72,485
English 771,075 375,540 395,530 135,015 65,690 69,320
French 12,250 6,060 6,190 4,550 2,105 2,445
English and French 1,475 700 770 235 105 130
Neither English nor French 4,205 1,745 2,455 1,225 630 590
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 12,990 6,410 6,580 4,665 2,160 2,510
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.6 1.7 1.6 3.3 3.2 3.5
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 789,000 384,050 404,950 141,020 68,535 72,480
Single responses 780,020 379,845 400,170 140,020 68,085 71,935
Official languages 699,285 343,130 356,155 132,870 64,475 68,390
English 686,255 336,700 349,555 128,005 62,235 65,765
French 13,025 6,425 6,600 4,865 2,245 2,620
Non-official languages 80,735 36,720 44,020 7,155 3,605 3,550
Aboriginal languages 1,635 765 870 50 25 20
Algonquian languages 110 45 65 40 20 20
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 90 30 50 5 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 5 0 5 5 0
Plains Cree 15 5 10 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 5 0 0 0
Woods Cree 15 0 10 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 50 20 35 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 40 20 15
Malecite 5 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 35 20 15
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 10 5 5 0 0
Algonquin 5 5 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 20 10 10 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 45 20 30 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 40 15 30 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 20 5 10 0 0 0
Chilcotin 10 5 5 0 0 0
Dene 15 0 10 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 25 10 15 5 5 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Inuktitut 15 5 10 5 5 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 5 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 705 355 350 0 0 0
Comox 80 45 35 0 0 0
Halkomelem 395 190 205 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 5 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 80 40 40 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 140 80 65 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5 5 5 0 0 0
Dakota 5 5 5 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 5 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 30 5 20 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 15 0 15 0 0 0
Nisga'a 10 0 10 0 0 0
Tsimshian 5 5 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 630 300 330 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 70 35 35 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 295 130 160 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 265 125 135 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 65 25 40 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 79,105 35,960 43,145 7,110 3,580 3,525
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,245 1,290 955 655 365 295
Berber languages 15 10 10 0 0 0
Kabyle 5 5 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 95 50 50 50 25 25
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 25 10 15 0 0 0
Somali 70 35 30 50 25 20
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Semitic languages 2,130 1,230 900 610 340 270
Amharic 125 60 65 5 5 5
Arabic 1,675 990 685 575 315 260
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 160 90 75 25 15 10
Maltese 70 40 35 0 5 0
Tigrigna 85 40 45 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,095 970 1,125 115 65 55
Khmer (Cambodian) 230 115 120 0 0 0
Vietnamese 1,865 855 1,010 120 65 55
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 5,865 2,095 3,775 395 155 240
Bikol 20 5 15 0 0 0
Cebuano 385 130 255 15 5 10
Fijian 20 10 10 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 85 30 50 0 0 0
Ilocano 280 95 185 5 0 5
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 160 50 110 10 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 15 0 0 0
Pangasinan 10 5 5 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,780 1,715 3,065 365 140 220
Waray-Waray 20 10 10 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 85 35 50 5 5 0
Creole languages 70 35 35 15 5 10
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 40 25 15 10 0 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 470 255 215 110 60 50
Kannada 25 15 10 15 5 5
Malayalam 155 90 75 55 30 25
Tamil 175 85 85 20 5 10
Telugu 110 65 45 20 10 10
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 44,910 21,195 23,715 2,575 1,320 1,260
Albanian 140 80 65 95 55 45
Armenian 75 45 25 5 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 7,720 3,505 4,215 385 190 195
Baltic languages 205 115 90 5 5 0
Latvian 120 65 55 5 5 0
Lithuanian 90 50 40 0 0 5
Slavic languages 7,510 3,390 4,120 380 190 195
Belarusan 10 5 5 0 0 0
Bosnian 50 20 30 30 15 10
Bulgarian 165 80 80 10 5 5
Croatian 825 410 415 25 15 10
Czech 755 360 395 15 10 10
Macedonian 40 20 20 0 0 0
Polish 1,815 835 985 70 30 40
Russian 1,605 660 950 140 70 70
Serbian 295 140 155 20 10 10
Serbo-Croatian 130 60 70 10 5 5
Slovak 290 135 155 5 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 190 80 110 5 5 5
Ukrainian 1,280 545 740 45 20 30
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 5 5 0
Celtic languages 170 85 80 20 10 5
Scottish Gaelic 60 30 25 10 0 5
Welsh 95 45 45 10 5 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 5 5 5
Germanic languages 18,500 8,580 9,920 900 460 435
Afrikaans 510 255 255 20 15 10
Danish 1,260 610 650 20 15 5
Dutch 4,865 2,290 2,570 465 240 220
Frisian 55 25 30 35 20 15
German 10,535 4,790 5,745 320 155 165
Icelandic 55 30 25 0 5 0
Norwegian 520 255 265 5 0 0
Swedish 525 230 295 10 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 105 50 55 20 10 15
Yiddish 55 30 25 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 0 0
Greek 515 310 205 10 5 10
Indo-Iranian languages 8,905 4,475 4,430 685 340 345
Indo-Aryan languages 7,690 3,840 3,850 500 240 260
Bengali 185 95 95 40 25 15
Gujarati 260 135 125 5 5 5
Hindi 790 425 365 50 25 20
Kashmiri 5 5 0 0 0 0
Konkani 15 10 5 0 0 0
Marathi 35 15 20 0 0 0
Nepali 100 55 45 205 80 120
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5,800 2,825 2,975 105 55 50
Sindhi 70 40 30 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 90 50 45 45 25 25
Urdu 340 190 150 50 25 30
Iranian languages 1,180 615 565 180 90 85
Kurdish 15 10 0 0 0 0
Pashto 55 35 25 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 1,110 570 540 180 90 85
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 5 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 8,890 4,120 4,770 475 250 230
Catalan 15 5 5 0 0 0
Italian 2,175 1,105 1,070 65 40 25
Portuguese 1,795 825 965 80 40 40
Romanian 425 200 230 25 15 10
Spanish 4,460 1,980 2,490 305 150 150
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 0 0 0
Japanese 2,205 660 1,545 95 25 75
Kartvelian languages 10 5 5 0 0 0
Georgian 10 5 5 0 0 0
Korean 2,575 1,095 1,480 120 50 65
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Mongolian 10 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 435 225 215 85 45 40
Akan (Twi) 35 20 15 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 5 0 0 0
Ewe 10 5 5 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5 0 0 0
Ga 10 5 5 0 0 0
Ganda 10 5 5 0 0 0
Igbo 25 10 15 5 5 0
Lingala 5 5 5 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 10 10 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 40 20 20 0 0 0
Shona 30 15 10 0 0 0
Swahili 85 45 40 20 10 10
Wolof 15 10 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 40 20 25 25 10 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 120 55 70 20 10 10
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 15 5 0 0 0
Dinka 5 5 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 0 0 0
Sign languages 195 110 90 15 10 10
American Sign Language 80 45 35 0 0 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 120 65 50 10 5 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 15,070 6,730 8,335 2,790 1,420 1,365
Chinese languages 14,975 6,670 8,300 2,740 1,400 1,340
Cantonese 6,175 2,805 3,365 210 95 110
Hakka 75 20 50 0 0 0
Mandarin 7,495 3,285 4,210 2,165 1,170 995
Min Dong 5 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 295 125 170 20 10 10
Wu (Shanghainese) 145 55 80 45 25 25
Chinese, n.o.s. 785 370 415 295 100 190
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 100 55 35 45 20 25
Burmese 40 25 15 20 10 10
Karenic languages 10 5 5 20 15 10
Tibetan 45 25 20 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages 530 125 400 20 0 15
Lao 30 15 15 0 0 0
Thai 495 110 385 20 0 15
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 0 0 0
Turkic languages 240 145 100 20 10 10
Azerbaijani 20 15 10 0 0 0
Turkish 210 125 85 20 10 10
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 5 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Uralic languages 2,110 985 1,125 90 50 40
Estonian 115 45 75 5 5 0
Finnish 715 295 420 20 10 10
Hungarian 1,275 640 635 65 35 25
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 10 5 5
Multiple responses 8,980 4,200 4,775 995 450 540
English and French 2,040 940 1,095 485 210 275
English and non-official language 6,485 3,045 3,440 460 220 240
French and non-official language 240 115 125 30 15 15
English, French and non-official language 210 95 115 20 10 10
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 789,000 384,050 404,950 141,015 68,535 72,485
Single responses 774,110 377,280 396,825 139,500 67,810 71,690
Official languages 745,480 363,935 381,545 134,930 65,480 69,445
English 742,060 362,305 379,755 132,670 64,445 68,225
French 3,420 1,625 1,790 2,260 1,035 1,225
Non-official languages 28,635 13,350 15,285 4,575 2,325 2,245
Aboriginal languages 140 75 70 10 5 0
Algonquian languages 5 5 0 5 0 0
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 70 35 35 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 40 20 20 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 25 10 15 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 55 30 20 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 5 5 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 20 15 5 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 25 20 15 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 5 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 28,490 13,280 15,215 4,565 2,325 2,245
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,095 560 535 435 235 205
Berber languages 5 5 5 0 0 0
Kabyle 5 5 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 45 15 25 30 15 15
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 5 5 5 0 0 0
Somali 30 10 20 30 15 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 0 0 0
Semitic languages 1,045 535 505 410 215 190
Amharic 35 15 20 0 0 0
Arabic 885 465 420 395 210 185
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 65 30 35 15 10 10
Maltese 5 5 5 0 0 0
Tigrigna 45 20 25 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,260 600 655 95 55 40
Khmer (Cambodian) 140 70 70 0 0 0
Vietnamese 1,120 535 585 95 55 45
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 2,105 905 1,195 235 100 135
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 80 35 45 5 0 0
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 25 15 10 0 0 0
Ilocano 70 25 45 0 5 0
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 15 10 10 0 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,885 820 1,070 230 100 130
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 0 0 0
Creole languages 15 5 5 0 5 0
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 0 0 0
Dravidian languages 180 95 85 65 35 25
Kannada 10 5 5 10 5 5
Malayalam 75 40 35 40 25 15
Tamil 50 25 25 0 5 0
Telugu 40 25 20 5 0 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 5 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 11,195 5,325 5,870 1,115 560 555
Albanian 70 30 40 45 30 20
Armenian 20 10 10 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 1,885 885 1,000 175 85 90
Baltic languages 5 5 5 0 0 0
Latvian 5 0 5 0 0 0
Lithuanian 0 5 0 0 0 0
Slavic languages 1,875 885 990 180 85 90
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 5 5 0 20 10 10
Bulgarian 70 35 35 5 5 0
Croatian 210 100 110 5 5 5
Czech 170 85 85 5 0 0
Macedonian 10 10 5 0 0 0
Polish 425 205 220 20 5 10
Russian 680 315 365 85 40 45
Serbian 75 35 40 10 5 5
Serbo-Croatian 35 20 20 5 5 5
Slovak 45 20 25 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 20 5 0 5
Ukrainian 110 45 65 15 5 5
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 20 10 10 10 5 5
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 5 0 0 0
Welsh 5 0 5 0 5 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 1,935 930 1,005 200 100 100
Afrikaans 195 95 105 5 5 5
Danish 65 30 35 5 0 5
Dutch 395 190 205 75 40 40
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 1,175 575 600 100 50 50
Icelandic 10 5 5 0 0 0
Norwegian 30 10 20 0 0 0
Swedish 50 20 30 5 0 0
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 0 0 0
Yiddish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Greek 105 50 55 5 0 5
Indo-Iranian languages 4,555 2,205 2,350 460 225 240
Indo-Aryan languages 3,965 1,915 2,050 320 150 170
Bengali 85 45 45 25 10 10
Gujarati 70 35 40 5 5 0
Hindi 280 150 135 10 5 5
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 5 5 0 0 0
Marathi 10 5 5 0 0 0
Nepali 40 20 20 170 70 100
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,220 1,530 1,685 65 35 30
Sindhi 15 10 5 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 10 30 15 10
Urdu 200 100 95 20 10 10
Iranian languages 580 285 295 135 70 65
Kurdish 5 0 0 0 0 0
Pashto 25 15 10 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 550 270 285 135 70 65
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 5 5
Italic (Romance) languages 2,605 1,205 1,400 215 120 95
Catalan 5 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 335 145 195 15 10 5
Portuguese 520 235 280 25 10 10
Romanian 130 55 75 15 5 5
Spanish 1,620 770 850 165 95 70
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 795 325 470 45 15 25
Kartvelian languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Georgian 5 5 5 0 0 0
Korean 1,705 780 925 80 35 40
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 100 45 55 15 5 5
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5 0 0 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 5 0 5 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 0 0 0
Igbo 5 0 0 0 0 0
Lingala 0 0 0 0 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 5 5 0 0 0
Shona 15 5 5 0 0 0
Swahili 20 10 10 5 0 5
Wolof 5 5 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 10 5 5 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 5 15 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Sign languages 260 145 115 15 10 5
American Sign Language 65 35 35 5 5 0
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 190 105 85 15 10 5
Sino-Tibetan languages 9,240 4,240 5,000 2,395 1,240 1,160
Chinese languages 9,195 4,215 4,980 2,370 1,225 1,145
Cantonese 3,365 1,555 1,815 115 50 65
Hakka 15 5 5 0 0 0
Mandarin 5,205 2,365 2,840 1,925 1,070 855
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 95 40 55 15 5 10
Wu (Shanghainese) 70 35 40 35 15 20
Chinese, n.o.s. 445 220 225 270 85 190
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 40 25 20 30 10 20
Burmese 15 10 5 15 5 10
Karenic languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tibetan 25 15 15 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 140 60 80 10 0 10
Lao 10 10 5 0 0 0
Thai 125 55 75 10 0 10
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 65 30 35 10 5 5
Azerbaijani 5 5 5 0 0 0
Turkish 60 25 30 15 5 5
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uralic languages 330 155 175 40 20 25
Estonian 20 10 15 0 5 5
Finnish 100 45 55 0 0 0
Hungarian 210 105 110 35 20 20
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 5 0 0
Multiple responses 14,890 6,765 8,120 1,520 725 790
English and French 1,180 560 620 350 140 205
English and non-official language 13,360 6,050 7,310 1,150 575 575
French and non-official language 70 25 40 5 0 0
English, French and non-official language 285 140 145 15 5 10
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 789,000 384,050 404,950 141,015 68,540 72,480
None 735,095 359,655 375,440 133,895 65,280 68,610
English 14,155 6,685 7,470 2,550 1,215 1,335
French 9,555 4,225 5,330 2,850 1,205 1,650
Non-official language 29,185 13,030 16,155 1,635 795 840
Aboriginal 1,655 750 910 25 10 15
Non-Aboriginal 27,530 12,285 15,240 1,605 785 825
English and French 100 50 55 15 0 10
English and non-official language 325 160 170 30 15 15
French and non-official language 575 245 330 40 15 25
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 5 0 5
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 671,835 324,380 347,455 117,055 56,365 60,690
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 651,200 314,510 336,685 113,480 54,635 58,845
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,130 41,154 28,973 31,744 36,021 28,065
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 651,970 315,075 336,895 113,500 54,635 58,860
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,668 36,117 26,707 28,298 31,453 25,484
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 593,310 289,620 303,690 102,410 50,325 52,080
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,736 38,065 25,034 26,979 31,133 23,501
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 476,145 211,195 264,955 87,220 38,945 48,280
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,420 8,155 6,993 8,232 8,959 7,645
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 470,065 237,350 232,720 86,035 43,395 42,640
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,588 34,262 24,385 26,851 29,875 24,280
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 671,880 324,365 347,510 117,055 56,365 60,690
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 651,155 314,605 336,550 113,455 54,690 58,775
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,485 52,659 36,845 38,899 43,979 34,171
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 651,930 315,150 336,780 113,470 54,685 58,785
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,459 43,223 32,064 32,504 36,004 29,249
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 593,305 289,700 303,605 102,480 50,470 52,015
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,150 50,947 33,757 35,474 40,517 30,579
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 475,965 211,275 264,695 87,040 38,985 48,055
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,317 8,555 8,128 8,938 9,236 8,696
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 470,065 237,580 232,480 86,035 43,380 42,655
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,805 45,618 31,843 34,919 39,152 30,613
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 671,880 324,370 347,510 117,050 56,360 60,690
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 183,715 101,390 82,325 38,235 19,905 18,330
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 51,737 58,211 46,307 45,183 48,030 42,618
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 59,137 65,515 51,281 51,473 55,726 46,855
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.3 89.0 82.7 82.5 85.1 79.4
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 63.3 66.1 59.5 68.1 70.4 65.2
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.7 11.0 17.3 17.5 14.9 20.6
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 671,835 324,380 347,455 117,055 56,365 60,690
Without total income 20,635 9,870 10,765 3,570 1,725 1,845
With total income 651,200 314,510 336,685 113,485 54,635 58,845
Percentage with total income 96.9 97.0 96.9 97.0 96.9 97.0
Under $10,000 (including loss) 84,555 35,770 48,785 14,190 6,250 7,940
$10,000 to $19,999 112,760 44,025 68,740 20,695 8,245 12,450
$20,000 to $29,999 93,885 37,930 55,955 18,775 7,895 10,880
$30,000 to $39,999 80,555 35,585 44,975 16,825 8,085 8,745
$40,000 to $49,999 69,080 32,485 36,595 13,650 7,035 6,610
$50,000 to $59,999 53,480 27,655 25,825 9,365 5,095 4,270
$60,000 to $69,999 40,895 24,170 16,725 6,135 3,490 2,645
$70,000 to $79,999 31,730 19,290 12,445 4,580 2,515 2,065
$80,000 to $89,999 23,715 14,945 8,765 3,005 1,625 1,375
$90,000 to $99,999 16,835 10,845 5,990 1,725 1,085 645
$100,000 and over 43,700 31,815 11,890 4,525 3,320 1,205
$100,000 to $149,999 30,825 22,170 8,660 3,220 2,310 910
$150,000 and over 12,875 9,645 3,225 1,305 1,010 295
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 671,835 324,380 347,450 117,050 56,365 60,690
Without after-tax income 19,865 9,305 10,555 3,555 1,725 1,830
With after-tax income 651,970 315,075 336,900 113,500 54,635 58,860
Percentage with after-tax income 97.0 97.1 97.0 97.0 96.9 97.0
Under $10,000 (including loss) 89,435 38,015 51,420 14,850 6,410 8,435
$10,000 to $19,999 118,710 47,280 71,430 22,520 9,115 13,405
$20,000 to $29,999 111,115 46,165 64,950 23,185 10,240 12,940
$30,000 to $39,999 93,150 42,280 50,870 19,990 10,010 9,985
$40,000 to $49,999 75,155 37,245 37,910 13,485 7,175 6,305
$50,000 to $59,999 53,805 31,180 22,625 8,060 4,550 3,510
$60,000 to $69,999 38,455 23,730 14,730 4,980 2,625 2,355
$70,000 to $79,999 26,390 16,570 9,820 2,435 1,570 865
$80,000 and over 45,760 32,610 13,145 3,995 2,945 1,040
$80,000 to $89,999 15,460 10,575 4,890 1,360 960 395
$90,000 to $99,999 9,270 6,605 2,665 825 595 230
$100,000 and over 21,025 15,430 5,590 1,815 1,395 415
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 671,835 324,380 347,450 117,055 56,365 60,690
Without employment income 201,770 87,030 114,735 31,015 12,970 18,050
With employment income 470,065 237,350 232,715 86,035 43,395 42,640
Percentage with employment income 70.0 73.2 67.0 73.5 77.0 70.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 89,855 43,955 45,905 11,240 5,470 5,775
$5,000 to $9,999 36,590 15,620 20,965 8,730 3,810 4,920
$10,000 to $19,999 62,925 27,000 35,930 15,030 7,035 7,995
$20,000 to $29,999 52,570 22,940 29,630 11,410 5,440 5,970
$30,000 to $39,999 46,485 20,470 26,015 10,230 4,910 5,325
$40,000 to $49,999 41,700 18,885 22,815 8,635 4,475 4,155
$50,000 to $59,999 33,405 17,230 16,175 6,355 3,565 2,790
$60,000 to $69,999 26,110 15,760 10,355 4,180 2,325 1,855
$70,000 to $79,999 22,190 13,715 8,475 3,420 1,785 1,630
$80,000 and over 58,225 41,780 16,445 6,795 4,580 2,225
$80,000 to $89,999 17,300 11,145 6,160 2,240 1,205 1,030
$90,000 to $99,999 12,040 8,115 3,920 1,240 805 435
$100,000 and over 28,885 22,525 6,360 3,320 2,565 760
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 352,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,402  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,163  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 57,602  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,434  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 110,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,861  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,889  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 242,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 73,542  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 352,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 82,123  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 69,234  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 62,017  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 110,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,809  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,396  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,296  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,789  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 242,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,603  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,043  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,804  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 352,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 6,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 790  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 11,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 15,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 16,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 14,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 16,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 16,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 15,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 15,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 29,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 26,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 24,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 21,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 18,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 99,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 36,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 23,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 23,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 16,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 352,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 6,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 845  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 11,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 15,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 18,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 17,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 19,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 19,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 18,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 18,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 33,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 30,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 26,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 22,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 18,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 71,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 32,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 17,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 21,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 228,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,607  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 73,677  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,071  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 114,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,534  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,078  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,693  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,702  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 76,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 110,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,568  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 94,763  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,712  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 31,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,073  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,468  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 228,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 99,911  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,477  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 83,831  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 73,626  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 114,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,667  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,333  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,776  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 76,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 123,837  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 110,348  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,503  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 31,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,502  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,761  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,639  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 155,285 72,720 82,565 21,050 9,545 11,505
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,365 31,392 29,657 27,886 29,448 26,731
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,637 28,242 27,213 25,260 26,181 24,551
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 154,860 72,355 82,500 20,935 9,590 11,340
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,463 41,493 37,683 35,224 36,569 34,087
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,858 35,035 32,826 30,060 30,819 29,418
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 779,590 379,415 400,180 139,685 67,895 71,790
In the bottom half of the distribution 398,200 188,090 210,110 82,130 38,970 43,160
In the bottom decile 91,095 44,045 47,045 14,010 6,555 7,455
In the second decile 79,855 35,935 43,925 18,400 8,230 10,170
In the third decile 74,855 34,950 39,905 16,875 8,095 8,780
In the fourth decile 74,930 35,590 39,335 16,630 8,135 8,495
In the fifth decile 77,470 37,570 39,895 16,215 7,960 8,255
In the top half of the distribution 381,390 191,325 190,065 57,555 28,925 28,630
In the sixth decile 78,230 38,340 39,890 15,765 7,885 7,880
In the seventh decile 79,250 39,555 39,695 14,160 7,130 7,035
In the eighth decile 79,895 40,205 39,685 11,940 5,970 5,970
In the ninth decile 78,070 39,660 38,410 9,550 4,840 4,715
In the top decile 65,945 33,565 32,380 6,140 3,100 3,035
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 761,425 370,245 391,180 139,090 67,610 71,480
0 to 17 years 126,165 64,350 61,810 27,505 14,040 13,465
0 to 5 years 39,555 20,090 19,465 8,435 4,385 4,055
18 to 64 years 463,670 223,885 239,785 85,800 41,555 44,240
65 years and over 171,590 82,010 89,580 25,780 12,010 13,775
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 113,365 52,635 60,735 23,460 10,585 12,870
0 to 17 years 24,300 12,605 11,695 5,980 3,015 2,965
0 to 5 years 7,825 4,040 3,780 2,030 1,025 1,000
18 to 64 years 68,775 31,800 36,980 12,380 5,625 6,755
65 years and over 20,290 8,225 12,060 5,100 1,945 3,155
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.9 14.2 15.5 16.9 15.7 18.0
0 to 17 years (%) 19.3 19.6 18.9 21.7 21.5 22.0
0 to 5 years (%) 19.8 20.1 19.4 24.1 23.4 24.7
18 to 64 years (%) 14.8 14.2 15.4 14.4 13.5 15.3
65 years and over (%) 11.8 10.0 13.5 19.8 16.2 22.9
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 64,590 31,700 32,885 8,730 4,215 4,515
0 to 17 years 12,130 6,240 5,885 2,045 1,045 1,000
0 to 5 years 3,730 1,945 1,790 670 335 340
18 to 64 years 48,310 23,640 24,670 6,210 2,995 3,220
65 years and over 4,155 1,815 2,335 480 180 300
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.5 8.6 8.4 6.3 6.2 6.3
0 to 17 years (%) 9.6 9.7 9.5 7.4 7.4 7.4
0 to 5 years (%) 9.4 9.7 9.2 7.9 7.6 8.4
18 to 64 years (%) 10.4 10.6 10.3 7.2 7.2 7.3
65 years and over (%) 2.4 2.2 2.6 1.9 1.5 2.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 779,595 379,415 400,175 139,685 67,895 71,785
Official languages 775,195 377,555 397,635 138,860 67,475 71,380
English 774,955 377,475 397,485 138,735 67,430 71,305
French 65,610 29,245 36,365 17,875 7,360 10,515
Non-official languages 113,670 51,875 61,800 8,685 4,305 4,375
Aboriginal languages 3,335 1,575 1,760 80 40 40
Algonquian languages 255 140 120 70 30 40
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 210 115 95 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 50 25 20 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 15 10 10 0 0 0
Woods Cree 15 0 15 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 130 75 60 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 70 30 40
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 70 30 40
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 55 35 20 0 0 0
Algonquin 10 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 45 35 15 0 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 90 40 50 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 80 35 40 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 20 15 10 0 0 0
Chilcotin 15 10 10 0 0 0
Dene 20 0 15 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 10 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 10 0 10 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 10 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 25 10 15 0 0 0
Inuit languages 55 25 25 10 10 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 40 20 20 0 10 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 30 10 20 0 10 0
Salish languages 1,605 770 835 0 0 0
Comox 170 75 95 0 0 0
Halkomelem 765 375 395 0 0 0
Lillooet 10 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 10 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 10 10 0 0 0 0
Straits 355 160 200 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 10 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 290 155 140 0 0 0
Siouan languages 10 0 10 0 0 0
Dakota 0 10 0 0 0 0
Stoney 10 0 10 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 30 15 20 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 15 10 10 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 1,180 535 645 0 0 0
Haisla 10 0 10 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 90 40 55 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 530 230 295 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 540 255 280 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 85 35 45 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 110,405 50,325 60,085 8,605 4,270 4,340
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,055 1,720 1,335 745 430 315
Berber languages 10 10 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 130 55 80 15 0 10
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 30 10 20 0 0 0
Somali 95 40 55 15 10 10
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Semitic languages 2,905 1,655 1,250 735 425 310
Amharic 150 65 90 0 0 0
Arabic 2,200 1,325 875 650 375 275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 465 215 245 80 45 40
Maltese 85 40 40 0 0 0
Tigrigna 80 30 50 0 0 0
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,575 1,235 1,340 50 30 25
Khmer (Cambodian) 280 165 115 0 0 0
Vietnamese 2,305 1,075 1,230 55 30 20
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 7,790 2,695 5,100 660 280 375
Bikol 15 0 15 0 0 0
Cebuano 580 230 355 30 10 25
Fijian 45 30 15 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 125 30 95 0 0 0
Ilocano 445 150 290 0 0 0
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 465 175 295 40 15 25
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 30 10 20 15 10 15
Pangasinan 30 15 10 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,955 2,355 4,600 615 255 355
Waray-Waray 25 10 20 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 150 75 75 0 0 0
Creole languages 280 150 135 55 35 25
Haitian Creole 40 25 15 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 115 70 45 30 20 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 125 45 80 30 15 10
Dravidian languages 610 325 285 170 105 70
Kannada 40 20 20 40 20 20
Malayalam 250 145 110 105 60 40
Tamil 255 130 120 40 25 15
Telugu 125 65 65 10 10 0
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 69,115 32,295 36,820 3,970 1,940 2,035
Albanian 155 100 60 90 60 35
Armenian 95 55 45 0 0 0
Balto-Slavic languages 8,850 4,085 4,760 490 215 270
Baltic languages 175 105 70 10 0 0
Latvian 90 50 40 10 10 0
Lithuanian 85 55 30 0 0 0
Slavic languages 8,680 3,985 4,700 485 210 275
Belarusan 10 10 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 90 30 55 20 15 10
Bulgarian 240 130 110 10 0 0
Croatian 1,295 645 655 40 10 30
Czech 1,040 535 495 35 20 15
Macedonian 35 25 20 0 0 0
Polish 2,020 920 1,100 80 25 55
Russian 2,420 1,045 1,375 255 125 135
Serbian 360 150 210 40 20 20
Serbo-Croatian 130 85 45 20 10 15
Slovak 320 165 155 0 0 0
Slovene (Slovenian) 185 75 105 10 10 10
Ukrainian 1,500 625 875 25 10 10
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 20 0 0 0
Celtic languages 360 170 185 85 50 35
Scottish Gaelic 165 85 80 50 25 30
Welsh 135 65 65 30 20 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 70 20 45 10 10 0
Germanic languages 25,600 11,990 13,615 1,225 575 655
Afrikaans 1,355 685 665 25 15 10
Danish 1,520 670 850 60 25 35
Dutch 5,500 2,595 2,910 550 260 285
Frisian 130 55 80 55 30 15
German 16,450 7,775 8,675 570 250 325
Icelandic 125 65 60 0 0 0
Norwegian 655 325 330 25 10 15
Swedish 875 375 500 15 0 15
Vlaams (Flemish) 160 80 80 30 20 10
Yiddish 95 40 55 0 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 0 0 0
Greek 865 465 395 40 10 30
Indo-Iranian languages 11,650 5,885 5,760 900 470 430
Indo-Aryan languages 10,145 5,125 5,025 635 320 315
Bengali 190 75 110 25 15 10
Gujarati 300 145 160 0 0 0
Hindi 2,750 1,435 1,315 165 95 60
Kashmiri 10 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 25 15 0 0 0 0
Marathi 65 40 20 0 0 0
Nepali 150 50 95 250 100 150
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 7,870 3,925 3,945 185 95 85
Sindhi 85 35 45 0 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 95 45 45 50 30 20
Urdu 725 405 325 75 40 35
Iranian languages 1,505 760 750 265 145 115
Kurdish 25 15 10 0 0 0
Pashto 40 30 10 0 0 0
Persian (Farsi) 1,470 730 740 265 150 115
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 110 75 35 10 0 0
Italic (Romance) languages 24,540 11,000 13,535 1,290 610 680
Catalan 75 45 30 0 0 0
Italian 4,280 1,935 2,340 190 100 90
Portuguese 2,510 1,160 1,350 175 105 70
Romanian 465 230 240 25 0 15
Spanish 18,430 8,115 10,320 945 420 530
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 70 25 40 0 10 0
Japanese 4,150 1,755 2,395 125 60 65
Kartvelian languages 15 0 10 0 0 0
Georgian 15 0 10 0 0 0
Korean 2,785 1,265 1,525 185 85 100
Mongolic languages 10 0 10 0 0 0
Mongolian 10 0 10 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 1,055 530 525 200 90 105
Akan (Twi) 25 15 10 15 15 0
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 10 0 0 0
Ewe 15 10 10 0 0 0
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 15 10 10 0 0 0
Ganda 45 20 25 0 0 0
Igbo 95 45 50 40 15 25
Lingala 30 15 20 10 0 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 10 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 70 30 40 0 0 0
Shona 95 65 25 0 0 0
Swahili 385 185 205 20 10 15
Wolof 0 0 10 0 0 0
Yoruba 150 80 70 75 40 40
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 220 105 120 40 20 25
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 20 15 0 0 0
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 0 0 0
Sign languages 1,535 545 990 95 45 50
American Sign Language 765 235 525 25 0 20
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 785 310 465 70 40 30
Sino-Tibetan languages 16,760 7,625 9,135 2,460 1,260 1,205
Chinese languages 16,685 7,595 9,095 2,445 1,245 1,200
Cantonese 7,220 3,345 3,875 300 115 185
Hakka 90 35 50 0 0 0
Mandarin 9,970 4,430 5,545 2,105 1,110 990
Min Dong 10 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 425 145 275 45 10 30
Wu (Shanghainese) 160 65 100 105 40 65
Chinese, n.o.s. 780 340 435 120 75 35
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tibeto-Burman languages 75 35 35 15 10 10
Burmese 25 15 10 10 10 10
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 25 15 10 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 735 225 510 20 10 10
Lao 55 20 30 0 0 0
Thai 700 210 495 20 10 10
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 445 245 200 55 25 30
Azerbaijani 65 30 35 10 0 0
Turkish 375 215 160 55 30 30
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 0 0 0
Uralic languages 2,390 1,095 1,300 105 50 55
Estonian 135 65 75 0 10 0
Finnish 770 300 470 20 10 15
Hungarian 1,495 725 765 80 35 40
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 155 90 65 35 20 15
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 779,595 379,420 400,175 139,685 67,900 71,785
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 742,415 362,570 379,845 133,655 64,805 68,845
Canadian citizens aged under 18 126,545 64,655 61,885 26,415 13,440 12,975
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 615,870 297,915 317,965 107,235 51,365 55,875
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 37,180 16,850 20,330 6,035 3,090 2,940
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 779,595 379,420 400,175 139,685 67,895 71,790
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 647,265 318,280 328,985 129,405 62,795 66,610
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 122,590 56,355 66,235 8,940 4,375 4,565
Before 1981 65,425 31,160 34,265 2,460 1,185 1,275
1981 to 1990 12,685 5,535 7,150 565 240 325
1991 to 2000 13,805 5,995 7,810 670 330 340
2001 to 2010 18,905 8,250 10,655 1,890 950 935
2001 to 2005 8,030 3,455 4,575 560 295 260
2006 to 2010 10,875 4,795 6,080 1,335 650 680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 11,770 5,415 6,355 3,360 1,670 1,690
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 9,740 4,780 4,955 1,340 725 615
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 122,590 56,355 66,235 8,940 4,375 4,565
Under 5 years 14,630 7,250 7,380 1,065 515 550
5 to 14 years 22,000 10,740 11,260 1,895 960 935
15 to 24 years 28,890 12,910 15,980 1,410 690 720
25 to 44 years 47,930 21,350 26,585 3,660 1,710 1,950
45 years and over 9,140 4,105 5,030 910 505 405
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 122,590 56,355 66,235 8,940 4,375 4,565
Americas 18,495 8,020 10,470 1,545 700 850
Brazil 340 140 200 20 15 0
Colombia 395 150 245 60 20 35
El Salvador 230 90 145 10 0 0
Guyana 140 70 75 0 0 0
Haiti 115 40 75 25 10 10
Jamaica 435 220 220 30 20 10
Mexico 1,085 440 640 20 0 15
Peru 235 90 145 15 10 0
Trinidad and Tobago 370 135 230 25 0 20
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 13,085 5,765 7,325 1,205 550 660
Other places of birth in Americas 2,050 875 1,175 150 60 85
Europe 64,655 31,170 33,490 3,015 1,560 1,455
Bosnia and Herzegovina 225 105 120 35 15 20
Croatia 775 400 375 20 0 15
France 1,120 495 625 55 40 15
Germany 7,210 3,355 3,860 260 100 155
Greece 380 230 155 15 10 0
Hungary 1,015 515 495 65 30 30
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 965 475 485 50 35 10
Italy 1,490 790 700 60 35 30
Netherlands 4,495 2,215 2,280 470 220 250
Poland 1,540 675 865 55 20 35
Portugal 965 485 480 70 35 30
Romania 530 265 265 15 0 0
Russian Federation 835 350 485 80 35 45
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 235 125 105 30 20 15
Ukraine 600 270 330 45 25 15
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 35,530 17,065 18,470 1,370 755 615
Other places of birth in Europe 6,745 3,365 3,380 335 180 155
Africa 4,875 2,405 2,475 340 170 170
Algeria 20 15 10 0 0 0
Egypt 270 170 100 70 45 30
Ethiopia 225 90 130 0 10 0
Kenya 310 125 180 10 0 0
Morocco 150 95 50 10 10 0
Nigeria 200 100 100 70 25 40
Somalia 55 30 30 10 0 10
South Africa, Republic of 2,325 1,125 1,200 65 25 40
Other places of birth in Africa 1,330 660 670 110 60 45
Asia 31,910 13,505 18,405 4,005 1,935 2,075
Afghanistan 75 45 30 0 0 0
Bangladesh 105 50 50 10 0 10
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 7,095 3,025 4,070 1,835 895 940
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 1,520 720 800 100 50 50
India 5,615 2,765 2,855 225 105 115
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,090