Census Profile, 2016 Census
New Brunswick [Province] and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic New Brunswick

[Province]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , New Brunswick [Province]  Map : New Brunswick [Province]
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 747,101 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 751,171 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -0.5 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 359,721 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 319,773 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 10.5 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 71,388.81 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 747,105 365,355 381,745 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 110,495 56,320 54,180 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 34,365 17,505 16,860 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 38,250 19,515 18,735 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 37,880 19,295 18,585 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 487,820 240,535 247,285 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 40,605 20,905 19,705 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 41,445 21,280 20,165 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 39,245 19,745 19,505 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 41,510 20,140 21,365 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 44,435 21,585 22,850 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 48,430 23,520 24,910 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 51,300 25,195 26,105 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 61,055 29,795 31,265 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 61,740 30,210 31,530 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 58,060 28,170 29,895 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 148,785 68,500 80,280 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 52,160 25,595 26,570 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 36,050 17,695 18,360 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 25,300 11,835 13,465 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 17,650 7,515 10,135 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 17,620 5,860 11,765 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 10,670 3,910 6,760 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 5,305 1,595 3,715 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 1,435 330 1,110 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 205 30 185 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.8 15.4 14.2 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 65.3 65.8 64.8 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 19.9 18.7 21.0 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.4 1.6 3.1 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 43.6 42.7 44.5 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 45.7 44.8 46.6 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 319,770 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 221,515 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 3,945 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 80,515 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 12,470 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 9,015 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 13,545 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 44,260 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,230 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 13,795 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 319,775 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 89,480 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 126,820 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 49,465 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 37,625 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 16,385 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 730,705 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 636,605 309,040 327,570 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 379,605 189,790 189,820 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 302,020 151,100 150,925 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 77,580 38,685 38,895 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 257,000 119,250 137,745 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 158,070 85,640 72,430 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 21,290 9,530 11,760 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 35,680 15,275 20,405 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 41,965 8,805 33,160 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 222,865 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 129,065 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 47,015 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 34,860 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 11,920 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 222,865 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 186,680 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 147,900 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 38,780 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 36,185 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 28,650 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 7,530 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 186,675 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 105,625 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 81,060 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 37,440 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 32,380 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 11,235 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 36,185 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 23,440 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 9,570 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 3,170 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 128,775 61,010 67,770 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 319,770 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 214,235 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 102,170 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 112,070 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 4,280 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 101,255 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 89,480 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 11,775 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 736,280 360,440 375,840 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 420,820 210,555 210,260 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 63,140 29,955 33,190 1,810 820 985
English and French 249,950 118,705 131,245 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 2,370 1,220 1,150 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 736,280 360,440 375,845 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 498,365 244,230 254,135 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 232,450 113,500 118,945 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 3,210 1,550 1,655 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 2,255 1,150 1,100 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 234,055 114,280 119,775 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 31.8 31.7 31.9 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 736,280 360,440 375,845 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 726,990 356,005 370,990 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 703,840 344,285 359,555 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 472,725 231,595 241,135 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 231,110 112,690 118,415 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 23,150 11,715 11,435 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 2,165 1,035 1,135 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 2,130 1,020 1,110 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 0 5 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 2,115 1,010 1,105 10 5 10
Malecite 280 125 155 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 1,835 885 950 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 5 5 0 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 20 5 15 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 15 5 10 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 5 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 20,990 10,685 10,300 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,190 1,805 1,385 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 40 25 15 115 75 45
Kabyle 20 10 5 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 30 15 20 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 5 5 5 205 115 95
Somali 25 10 15 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 3,110 1,760 1,355 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 65 35 25 1,370 670 700
Arabic 2,855 1,615 1,235 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 170 90 80 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 0 0 5 215 100 115
Tigrigna 20 15 10 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 635 305 330 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 10 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 620 305 320 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 1,375 510 865 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 5 0 5 375 165 215
Cebuano 105 35 65 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 15 5 10 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 50 15 35 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 15 5 10 20 10 15
Malay 45 20 30 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 700 320 380
Pangasinan 0 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,120 420 700 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 5 0 5 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 135 70 65 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 15 10 5 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 80 30 50 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 40 30 10 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 285 155 130 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 20 15 10 280 150 135
Malayalam 40 15 20 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 105 60 50 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 110 60 45 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 9,325 4,790 4,530 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 50 25 25 1,465 765 705
Armenian 30 15 10 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 1,740 865 875 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 55 30 30 1,070 485 585
Latvian 25 10 10 565 255 300
Lithuanian 35 15 15 505 225 280
Slavic languages 1,685 835 850 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 5 5 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 50 25 25 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 20 10 10 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 75 35 40 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 55 25 25 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 15 10 5 325 160 165
Polish 230 105 125 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 880 440 435 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 105 55 45 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 35 15 20 1,395 670 725
Slovak 25 15 15 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 10 10 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 170 85 90 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 345 175 170
Celtic languages 30 5 20 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 15 5 10 240 130 110
Welsh 10 0 10 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 2,875 1,415 1,465 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 50 30 25 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 125 55 75 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 885 470 410 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 35 25 10 295 145 145
German 1,650 780 865 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 5 0 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 40 25 20 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 50 15 35 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 10 445 220 225
Yiddish 10 5 5 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 145 100 50 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 1,850 1,020 835 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 1,175 655 525 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 205 120 85 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 75 40 30 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 225 135 95 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 10 5 5 255 130 125
Marathi 50 20 25 620 325 295
Nepali 180 90 90 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 5 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 125 75 50 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 25 10 10 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 15 1,675 845 830
Urdu 240 140 100 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 655 355 305 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 55 30 25 1,765 945 825
Pashto 25 15 10 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 580 310 270 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 2,605 1,355 1,250 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 5 5 0 160 85 75
Italian 400 225 175 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 260 130 130 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 485 250 240 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 1,460 755 705 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 105 65 40
Japanese 110 25 85 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 1,550 800 750 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 5 5 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 5 5 5 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 700 385 315 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 25 10 10 495 275 220
Bamanankan 60 35 25 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 5 5 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 40 30 15 45 25 20
Ga 5 5 5 45 20 25
Ganda 10 0 0 90 45 45
Igbo 30 20 10 245 145 105
Lingala 25 15 15 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 45 25 20 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 40 20 20 155 70 80
Shona 20 10 10 215 100 115
Swahili 135 65 70 805 400 405
Wolof 25 20 10 50 25 25
Yoruba 30 15 20 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 195 105 85 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 0 340 175 165
Dinka 5 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 145 75 70 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 40 20 30 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 95 55 45 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,115 1,570 1,545 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 3,085 1,555 1,530 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 440 225 210 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 20 10 10 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 2,250 1,105 1,150 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 5 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 15 15 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 100 45 55 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 240 150 85 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 15 15 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 0 0 5 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 25 15 10 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 60 15 50 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 5 0 0 1,100 550 550
Thai 55 10 45 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 105 60 45 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 5 5 5 530 290 235
Turkish 75 50 30 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 10 5 5 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 190 80 110
Uralic languages 250 115 135 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 20 5 10 705 295 410
Finnish 45 15 30 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 185 90 95 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 500 280 225
Multiple responses 9,290 4,440 4,855 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 7,285 3,470 3,815 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 1,535 725 810 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 330 175 155 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 145 65 75 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 736,280 360,435 375,845 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 724,940 355,025 369,910 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 712,250 348,510 363,740 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 505,935 247,610 258,325 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 206,315 100,900 105,415 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 12,690 6,515 6,175 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 820 400 420 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 820 395 420 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 5 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 5 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 815 395 420 5 0 0
Malecite 50 25 25 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 765 370 395 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 5 5 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 5 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 11,870 6,115 5,750 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,285 1,210 1,075 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 20 10 10 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 20 5 10 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 2,265 1,200 1,065 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 20 10 10 600 275 320
Arabic 2,110 1,125 990 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 130 60 70 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 5 15 5 10
Tigrigna 5 0 5 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 525 255 270 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 0 800 375 420
Vietnamese 520 250 270 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 510 235 270 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 40 15 25 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 5 0 5 10 5 10
Malay 15 0 5 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 450 215 235 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 310 150 160
Creole languages 65 25 35 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 20 0 15 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 110 60 45 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 5 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 20 5 10 1,225 615 605
Tamil 35 20 20 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 45 30 15 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 4,160 2,175 1,990 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 30 15 10 695 335 360
Armenian 20 5 10 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 975 505 470 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 35 20 15 210 90 115
Latvian 10 5 5 80 30 50
Lithuanian 25 15 10 125 60 65
Slavic languages 935 480 455 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 25 15 10 595 300 300
Bulgarian 5 5 0 1,035 485 550
Croatian 25 10 15 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 5 0 5 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 0 0 0 150 75 75
Polish 55 25 30 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 620 320 305 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 80 45 35 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 5 500 235 265
Slovak 5 5 5 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 145 65 85
Ukrainian 90 50 40 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 10 0 5 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 640 320 320 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 35 15 20 1,475 715 760
Danish 5 5 5 305 145 160
Dutch 150 80 75 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 5 0 5 10 5 5
German 425 215 210 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 5 0 5 140 60 80
Swedish 5 0 5 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 45 25 25 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 1,140 595 545 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 655 335 325 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 130 70 60 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 40 15 20 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 115 60 50 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 5 5 0 40 25 25
Marathi 20 10 10 270 140 130
Nepali 135 60 75 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 50 25 25 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 10 5 0 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 5 675 330 340
Urdu 140 75 70 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 470 255 220 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 35 25 10 1,080 540 535
Pashto 15 5 5 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 425 225 195 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 1,305 705 600 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 5 5 0 65 35 35
Italian 85 40 45 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 110 50 60 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 290 145 140 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 820 470 350 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 20 10 15 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 1,245 645 605 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 240 125 120 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 10 5 10 150 80 65
Bamanankan 20 15 5 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 10 5 20 5 10
Ga 5 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 5 5 0 40 20 15
Lingala 10 5 5 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 15 10 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 60 25 35
Shona 5 0 5 65 25 40
Swahili 80 35 45 200 90 115
Wolof 5 5 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 5 5 5 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 200 115 85 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 55 30 25 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 150 90 60 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,390 1,210 1,175 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 2,365 1,195 1,170 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 260 130 130 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 5 0 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 1,855 930 920 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 10 5 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 85 40 45 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 140 80 55 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 15 10 1,745 885 865
Burmese 5 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 20 10 10 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 5 1,380 595 785
Lao 0 0 0 460 225 235
Thai 10 5 5 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 30 15 10 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 25 15 5 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 70 35 40 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 5 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 5 5 5 725 325 400
Hungarian 55 30 30 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 11,345 5,415 5,925 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 7,275 3,370 3,905 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 3,435 1,715 1,720 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 340 185 160 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 290 140 145 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 736,280 360,435 375,845 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 647,960 318,560 329,400 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 49,925 24,065 25,855 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 30,030 13,760 16,275 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 7,545 3,650 3,895 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 1,300 625 685 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 6,240 3,030 3,210 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 180 90 90 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 300 160 145 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 335 155 185 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 620,390 301,645 318,745 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 594,705 289,220 305,485 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,961 37,516 25,796 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 594,920 289,245 305,680 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,107 33,169 23,945 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 516,780 259,945 256,835 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,444 34,830 23,278 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 439,645 193,975 245,675 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,164 9,210 7,321 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 423,915 219,135 204,780 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,124 34,784 24,769 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 620,395 301,650 318,745 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 594,650 289,140 305,510 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,141 46,154 32,504 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 594,870 289,165 305,700 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,022 38,151 28,171 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 516,685 259,855 256,830 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,432 44,240 30,543 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 440,195 194,240 245,955 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,938 9,519 8,480 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 423,915 218,800 205,110 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,611 43,456 31,376 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 620,390 301,645 318,745 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 197,290 104,215 93,075 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 46,349 52,010 41,058 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 54,011 60,796 46,415 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 83.2 86.2 79.0 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 68.5 71.3 64.7 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 16.8 13.8 21.0 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 620,390 301,650 318,745 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 25,680 12,430 13,260 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 594,710 289,220 305,490 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 95.9 95.9 95.8 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 80,700 32,655 48,050 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 109,015 40,415 68,600 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 99,025 40,480 58,540 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 83,770 41,360 42,405 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 65,795 35,080 30,715 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 44,810 26,560 18,250 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 32,185 20,270 11,920 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 24,565 14,130 10,430 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 17,095 9,915 7,180 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 10,240 6,980 3,260 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 27,515 21,380 6,135 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 19,765 15,195 4,570 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 7,750 6,185 1,565 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 620,390 301,645 318,750 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 25,470 12,405 13,070 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 594,920 289,240 305,680 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 95.9 95.9 95.9 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 83,590 33,140 50,455 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 115,730 43,245 72,485 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 118,940 51,335 67,610 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 98,230 50,770 47,460 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 67,470 38,665 28,810 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 42,775 26,495 16,280 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 28,790 16,435 12,355 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 14,945 10,205 4,740 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 24,450 18,955 5,500 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 8,385 6,340 2,040 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 5,060 3,970 1,090 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 11,005 8,640 2,365 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 620,390 301,645 318,745 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 196,475 82,515 113,965 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 423,910 219,140 204,775 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 68.3 72.6 64.2 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 54,590 26,540 28,045 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 36,840 15,720 21,120 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 65,895 29,920 35,975 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 59,240 25,955 33,280 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 50,190 24,930 25,260 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 42,140 22,160 19,980 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 29,910 18,180 11,730 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 23,390 14,620 8,770 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 19,515 10,565 8,950 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 42,210 30,540 11,665 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 13,190 7,840 5,345 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 8,105 5,685 2,420 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 20,915 17,015 3,895 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 319,770 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 59,347 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 52,553 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 89,480 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,747 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 26,387 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 230,290 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,207 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 65,063 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 319,775 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 72,786 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,431 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 89,455 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,505 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,242 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 230,320 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,878 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 73,156 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 319,775 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,940 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 7,800 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,835 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 17,765 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 16,400 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 16,335 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 17,830 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 16,875 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 15,365 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 14,845 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 27,735 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 25,205 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 22,750 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 19,415 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 16,030 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 74,655 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 29,535 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 18,605 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 17,050 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 9,460 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 319,770 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,090 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 7,880 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,980 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 18,630 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 18,705 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 18,580 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 20,540 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 19,550 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 18,165 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 17,920 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 32,930 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 29,175 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 23,970 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 19,330 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 15,105 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 48,225 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 25,135 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 11,980 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 11,110 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 221,680 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,353 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 65,100 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 99,865 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 67,988 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 59,801 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 82,260 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 100,315 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 85,717 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 33,580 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 42,992 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 40,671 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 221,740 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 87,048 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 73,197 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 99,840 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,085 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 66,576 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 82,415 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,901 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 92,699 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 33,455 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,119 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,687 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 114,825 54,970 59,850 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,250 30,122 25,182 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,167 27,154 23,916 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 114,375 54,300 60,075 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,738 37,330 32,395 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 29,845 31,431 28,411 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 730,710 357,860 372,850 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 428,180 204,170 224,005 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 80,120 37,430 42,695 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 94,165 42,190 51,980 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 87,075 41,905 45,170 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 85,610 42,275 43,335 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 81,200 40,375 40,825 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 302,530 153,685 148,845 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 77,345 38,915 38,425 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 73,185 37,190 36,005 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 65,090 32,815 32,275 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 52,050 26,635 25,410 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 34,860 18,130 16,730 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 722,550 353,870 368,680 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 131,930 67,285 64,645 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 40,900 20,805 20,100 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 452,805 221,675 231,130 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 137,820 64,915 72,905 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 123,820 55,990 67,825 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 29,250 14,930 14,320 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 10,285 5,260 5,030 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 66,745 29,975 36,770 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 27,830 11,090 16,745 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.1 15.8 18.4 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 22.2 22.2 22.2 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 25.1 25.3 25.0 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 14.7 13.5 15.9 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 20.2 17.1 23.0 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 49,830 24,165 25,660 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 11,520 5,890 5,630 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 4,200 2,145 2,055 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 35,680 17,255 18,425 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 2,630 1,025 1,605 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.9 6.8 7.0 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 8.7 8.8 8.7 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 10.3 10.3 10.2 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 7.9 7.8 8.0 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 1.9 1.6 2.2 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 730,710 357,855 372,850 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 728,310 356,615 371,690 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 666,315 326,905 339,415 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 310,550 147,845 162,705 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 34,880 17,355 17,525 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 3,065 1,470 1,595 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 2,990 1,455 1,540 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 10 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 10 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 2,965 1,435 1,530 30 20 10
Malecite 720 335 385 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 2,265 1,115 1,150 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 15 0 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 10 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 10 10 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 55 10 45 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 45 10 40 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 10 0 10 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 10 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 10 10 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 10 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 31,865 15,915 15,955 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,355 2,385 1,980 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 80 40 35 145 95 45
Kabyle 40 20 15 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 15 10 0 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 10 10 0 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 4,300 2,340 1,960 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 165 100 65 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 3,685 2,030 1,660 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 435 205 230 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 0 10 0 315 155 155
Tigrigna 50 25 25 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 835 430 400 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 0 0 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 820 435 390 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 1,790 695 1,090 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 10 0 10 530 215 310
Cebuano 185 70 115 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 35 10 30 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 50 10 45 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 25 10 15 25 15 10
Malay 75 20 55 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,595 625 970 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 430 195 235 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 50 20 30 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 240 105 135 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 140 75 65 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 435 245 195 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 60 30 25 510 250 265
Malayalam 55 35 25 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 190 115 75 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 175 90 85 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 10 10 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 16,505 8,155 8,350 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 80 45 35 1,640 840 795
Armenian 60 35 25 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 2,065 1,100 965 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 55 40 20 1,030 515 520
Latvian 20 10 10 555 290 265
Lithuanian 30 20 10 475 220 250
Slavic languages 2,025 1,070 955 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 10 0 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 75 40 40 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 45 15 35 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 95 45 55 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 115 65 45 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 35 25 10 400 220 185
Polish 320 165 160 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 1,200 630 570 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 90 70 20 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 40 30 10 1,525 770 750
Slovak 45 15 30 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 10 0 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 310 145 165 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 420 215 205
Celtic languages 140 40 100 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 95 20 75 660 395 265
Welsh 10 0 10 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 860 450 410
Germanic languages 4,745 2,360 2,380 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 130 70 60 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 155 60 95 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 1,185 560 625 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 50 40 15 465 230 240
German 3,260 1,675 1,580 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 10 10 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 130 65 65 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 110 45 60 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 20 25 545 270 275
Yiddish 20 20 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 220 125 95 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 2,325 1,275 1,050 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 1,570 875 695 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 225 150 80 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 110 45 65 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 790 430 355 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 0 0 0 415 215 200
Marathi 55 20 30 1,475 780 695
Nepali 185 90 95 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 205 130 75 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 0 0 0 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 10 20 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 355 215 140 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 805 430 375 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 130 65 60 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 60 45 20 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 620 330 285 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 7,600 3,540 4,055 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 15 10 0 395 210 180
Italian 825 405 420 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 450 250 200 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 555 290 265 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 6,065 2,775 3,290 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 380 245 140
Japanese 430 190 240 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 1,695 860 835 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 10 10 10 370 170 200
Mongolian 15 10 10 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 1,525 890 640 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 35 15 25 630 350 280
Bamanankan 155 70 85 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 100 85 15 105 30 70
Ga 10 10 0 150 95 50
Ganda 10 10 0 165 80 85
Igbo 60 50 15 425 240 185
Lingala 125 95 35 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 90 55 35 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 70 40 30 290 125 165
Shona 40 15 25 415 220 195
Swahili 355 185 170 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 70 45 25 50 25 30
Yoruba 60 45 20 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 545 315 230 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 1,155 450 705 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 425 150 280 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 15 10 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 745 305 435 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,585 1,885 1,700 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 3,510 1,855 1,660 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 610 285 320 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 0 0 0 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 2,760 1,455 1,310 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 60 30 30 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 140 65 75 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 310 195 115 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 40 10 30 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 70 30 40 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 65 25 45 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 85 20 65 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 10 0 10 1,630 735 890
Thai 80 20 60 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 175 105 75 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 945 510 435
Turkish 165 105 60 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 275 140 130
Uralic languages 270 130 140 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 20 15 0 780 350 425
Finnish 35 15 20 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 220 105 115 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 100 70 30 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 730,710 357,855 372,855 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 710,775 347,905 362,875 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 130,785 66,795 63,990 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 579,995 281,110 298,880 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 19,925 9,950 9,980 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 730,710 357,855 372,850 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 692,535 339,090 353,445 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 33,810 16,175 17,640 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 11,545 5,265 6,275 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 2,735 1,340 1,390 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 2,975 1,490 1,490 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 7,235 3,530 3,710 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 2,435 1,110 1,330 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 4,800 2,415 2,385 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 9,330 4,560 4,770 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 4,360 2,590 1,770 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 33,815 16,175 17,635 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 5,135 2,350 2,790 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 7,290 3,585 3,705 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 5,790 2,525 3,265 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 12,640 6,100 6,535 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 2,955 1,615 1,340 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 33,815 16,175 17,635 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 9,420 4,205 5,210 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 55 20 30 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 215 85 130 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 115 85 30 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 80 40 45 1,305 600 710
Haiti 170 70 100 570 250 315
Jamaica 120 85 40 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 160 50 110 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 60 35 25 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 115 70 40 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 7,620 3,315 4,305 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 715 355 360 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 10,985 5,335 5,650 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 100 55 50 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 60 35 25 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 760 425 340 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 1,615 740 880 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 95 60 40 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 100 35 65 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 160 75 85 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 210 125 85 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 975 505 465 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 195 90 100 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 130 85 45 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 485 245 240 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 245 115 135 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 30 25 10 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 250 120 130 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 4,600 2,160 2,445 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 970 455 515 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 2,565 1,420 1,140 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 165 90 75 485 310 175
Egypt 120 75 45 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 120 65 60 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 60 30 30 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 200 120 75 985 535 455
Nigeria 115 65 50 1,740 925 815
Somalia 15 10 10 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 165 85 80 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 1,615 885 725 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 10,625 5,105 5,520 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 20 10 0 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 100 55 50 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 2,210 1,040 1,175 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 120 60 55 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 820 435 380 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 490 260 230 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 70 25 45 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 90 15 75 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,495 775 720 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 390 225 165 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 225 130 95 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 1,340 475 870 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 40 15 30 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,225 605 620 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 80 25 55 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 720 355 365 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 1,195 600 595 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 220 110 110 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 9,325 4,555 4,775 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 900 430 475 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 20 10 10 1,145 525 615
Colombia 40 20 15 580 250 325
Cuba 10 10 10 140 60 80
Haiti 45 15 30 35 35 10
Jamaica 40 25 10 625 355 265
Mexico 25 10 20 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 585 285 300 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 25 10 20 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 110 45 70 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 1,405 695 710 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 300 165 130 970 510 460
Germany 85 45 45 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 30 15 15 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 25 10 20 245 120 125
Romania 245 130 120 690 310 380
Russian Federation 90