Census Profile, 2016 Census
Quebec [Province] and Manitoba [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Quebec

[Province]
Manitoba

[Province]
Data quality , Quebec [Province]  Map : Quebec [Province]
Change geography 1
Data quality : Manitoba [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 8,164,361 ... ... 1,278,365 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 7,903,001 ... ... 1,208,268 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.3 ... ... 5.8 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 3,858,943 ... ... 539,748 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 3,531,663 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 6.0 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,356,625.27 ... ... 552,370.99 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 8,164,360 4,016,760 4,147,605 1,278,365 631,400 646,970
0 to 14 years 1,333,260 682,535 650,720 243,820 125,110 118,710
0 to 4 years 444,930 227,965 216,970 81,065 41,710 39,355
5 to 9 years 469,165 240,225 228,940 83,375 42,565 40,805
10 to 14 years 419,160 214,345 204,815 79,380 40,835 38,545
15 to 64 years 5,335,910 2,664,630 2,671,280 835,580 417,260 418,320
15 to 19 years 429,825 219,070 210,755 82,440 42,555 39,890
20 to 24 years 500,100 252,600 247,500 86,760 44,465 42,295
25 to 29 years 495,410 248,030 247,380 86,695 43,570 43,125
30 to 34 years 515,505 256,440 259,070 85,185 42,210 42,975
35 to 39 years 550,540 274,595 275,945 81,105 39,885 41,215
40 to 44 years 506,525 254,100 252,425 79,325 39,530 39,795
45 to 49 years 519,425 260,410 259,015 79,350 39,220 40,130
50 to 54 years 619,435 309,070 310,370 89,840 44,485 45,355
55 to 59 years 636,475 314,190 322,285 87,765 43,555 44,210
60 to 64 years 562,670 276,140 286,535 77,110 37,780 39,325
65 years and over 1,495,195 669,590 825,605 198,965 89,025 109,945
65 to 69 years 488,175 236,395 251,775 64,905 31,280 33,625
70 to 74 years 373,590 176,905 196,690 45,980 21,940 24,040
75 to 79 years 256,905 116,020 140,890 33,555 15,250 18,305
80 to 84 years 187,835 78,390 109,450 25,315 10,740 14,575
85 years and over 188,685 61,885 126,805 29,210 9,810 19,395
85 to 89 years 120,635 43,795 76,840 17,335 6,460 10,875
90 to 94 years 53,165 15,155 38,015 8,945 2,710 6,230
95 to 99 years 13,035 2,685 10,350 2,520 580 1,940
100 years and over 1,850 255 1,600 415 60 350
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.3 17.0 15.7 19.1 19.8 18.3
15 to 64 years 65.4 66.3 64.4 65.4 66.1 64.7
65 years and over 18.3 16.7 19.9 15.6 14.1 17.0
85 years and over 2.3 1.5 3.1 2.3 1.6 3.0
Average age of the population 41.9 40.9 42.9 39.2 38.2 40.2
Median age of the population 42.5 41.4 43.6 38.3 37.2 39.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 3,531,660 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Single-detached house 1,602,680 ... ... 331,420 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 187,800 ... ... 39,080 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 1,717,680 ... ... 108,120 ... ...
Semi-detached house 188,245 ... ... 15,865 ... ...
Row house 93,350 ... ... 17,225 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 265,195 ... ... 7,065 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,154,955 ... ... 67,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 15,940 ... ... 755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 23,505 ... ... 10,435 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 3,531,665 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
1 person 1,175,230 ... ... 135,500 ... ...
2 persons 1,227,765 ... ... 164,880 ... ...
3 persons 489,460 ... ... 71,065 ... ...
4 persons 426,250 ... ... 66,675 ... ...
5 or more persons 212,960 ... ... 50,930 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 7,965,455 ... ... 1,240,700 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 6,831,105 3,334,220 3,496,885 1,034,545 506,280 528,260
Married or living common law 3,844,145 1,924,750 1,919,395 593,615 297,280 296,335
Married 2,342,980 1,172,720 1,170,260 503,390 252,210 251,175
Living common law 1,501,160 752,025 749,135 90,230 45,075 45,155
Not married and not living common law 2,986,960 1,409,475 1,577,490 440,925 209,000 231,930
Never married 2,010,580 1,084,300 926,280 300,415 162,440 137,980
Separated 103,625 46,390 57,240 24,845 11,080 13,765
Divorced 483,195 194,430 288,760 54,860 22,780 32,080
Widowed 389,555 84,345 305,210 60,805 12,700 48,100
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 2,257,560 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
2 persons 1,204,955 ... ... 171,435 ... ...
3 persons 466,310 ... ... 71,630 ... ...
4 persons 412,160 ... ... 65,500 ... ...
5 or more persons 174,140 ... ... 37,600 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 2,257,560 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
Total couple families 1,878,095 ... ... 287,200 ... ...
Married couples 1,128,355 ... ... 242,100 ... ...
Common-law couples 749,740 ... ... 45,100 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 379,460 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
Female parent 284,900 ... ... 45,930 ... ...
Male parent 94,565 ... ... 13,025 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 1,878,095 ... ... 287,205 ... ...
Couples without children 970,260 ... ... 137,135 ... ...
Couples with children 907,840 ... ... 150,070 ... ...
1 child 356,640 ... ... 55,730 ... ...
2 children 384,875 ... ... 59,965 ... ...
3 or more children 166,315 ... ... 34,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 379,465 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
1 child 234,695 ... ... 34,305 ... ...
2 children 109,670 ... ... 15,895 ... ...
3 or more children 35,100 ... ... 8,765 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 1,579,070 775,765 803,305 212,415 104,435 107,980
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 3,531,660 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
One-census-family households 2,197,340 ... ... 323,125 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 947,305 ... ... 130,475 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 1,250,040 ... ... 192,650 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 29,595 ... ... 11,110 ... ...
Non-census-family households 1,304,725 ... ... 154,815 ... ...
One-person households 1,175,230 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 129,500 ... ... 19,315 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 8,066,560 3,977,275 4,089,285 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
English only 372,445 187,595 184,860 1,135,395 566,980 568,410
French only 4,032,640 1,874,545 2,158,095 1,485 680 800
English and French 3,586,410 1,884,135 1,702,275 108,460 49,205 59,255
Neither English nor French 75,065 31,000 44,060 16,285 7,235 9,050
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
English 964,120 482,985 481,135 1,203,025 596,475 606,550
French 6,750,945 3,320,380 3,430,560 39,200 18,880 20,325
English and French 278,710 144,060 134,655 3,545 1,755 1,790
Neither English nor French 72,775 29,845 42,930 15,840 6,985 8,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,103,480 555,015 548,465 40,975 19,760 21,215
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 13.7 14.0 13.4 3.2 3.2 3.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
Single responses 7,881,650 3,884,675 3,996,975 1,230,115 608,820 621,300
Official languages 6,820,815 3,366,970 3,453,845 941,130 468,430 472,705
English 601,155 301,860 299,300 900,610 448,960 451,645
French 6,219,665 3,065,115 3,154,550 40,520 19,465 21,055
Non-official languages 1,060,830 517,700 543,125 288,985 140,395 148,590
Aboriginal languages 45,570 22,530 23,040 29,710 14,265 15,440
Algonquian languages 33,140 16,365 16,770 28,070 13,505 14,565
Blackfoot 5 0 0 5 0 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 31,430 15,575 15,855 14,820 7,085 7,740
Atikamekw 6,150 3,135 3,015 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 8,715 4,155 4,555 5 0 0
Moose Cree 0 5 0 0 0 5
Naskapi 590 285 305 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 135 55 80 30 5 20
Plains Cree 5 0 5 70 25 40
Southern East Cree 35 15 15 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 0 745 305 440
Woods Cree 10 5 5 65 20 40
Cree, n.o.s. 15,790 7,920 7,875 13,915 6,725 7,195
Eastern Algonquian languages 485 225 260 10 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 485 220 260 10 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 1,215 565 645 13,235 6,410 6,825
Algonquin 1,185 555 630 0 0 0
Ojibway 20 10 15 6,730 3,180 3,550
Oji-Cree 5 0 5 6,505 3,235 3,265
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 10 5 815 375 445
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 10 5 815 380 440
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 810 375 435
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 5 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 10 5 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 10 10 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 11,970 5,955 6,015 80 20 60
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 11,895 5,925 5,970 65 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 75 25 45 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 375 165 210 0 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 365 160 210 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 5 0 80 40 40
Salish languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 5
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 630 305 330
Dakota 0 0 0 630 305 325
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 65 30 35 15 10 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,015,260 495,175 520,090 259,280 126,130 133,155
Afro-Asiatic languages 197,535 104,185 93,355 10,700 5,580 5,120
Berber languages 20,845 11,125 9,720 40 25 15
Kabyle 12,470 6,625 5,840 35 15 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 8,375 4,500 3,875 10 10 5
Cushitic languages 1,125 545 580 1,750 875 875
Bilen 10 10 5 155 85 70
Oromo 15 10 5 345 175 170
Somali 1,075 515 560 1,245 610 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 10 10 0
Semitic languages 175,215 92,310 82,900 8,840 4,640 4,200
Amharic 745 340 405 1,770 885 885
Arabic 169,890 89,590 80,300 4,695 2,500 2,190
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 150 80 70 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 15 10 5 0 0 0
Harari 0 5 5 0 0 0
Hebrew 3,885 2,040 1,845 545 320 225
Maltese 25 10 15 40 20 25
Tigrigna 385 185 205 1,770 905 865
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 110 60 50 10 5 5
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 355 200 155 65 35 30
Austro-Asiatic languages 36,305 17,030 19,275 4,180 1,970 2,205
Khmer (Cambodian) 8,855 4,105 4,750 280 135 145
Vietnamese 27,425 12,920 14,505 3,895 1,840 2,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 25 10 15 5 0 0
Austronesian languages 21,635 7,800 13,835 52,905 24,685 28,220
Bikol 115 35 80 175 80 95
Cebuano 885 270 610 1,245 565 675
Fijian 0 0 0 35 15 15
Hiligaynon 410 125 275 390 170 220
Ilocano 2,060 745 1,315 1,365 630 730
Malagasy 1,250 590 660 0 0 5
Malay 705 265 440 175 65 105
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 205 90 110 655 315 340
Pangasinan 95 40 50 135 65 70
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 15,545 5,480 10,065 48,530 22,670 25,855
Waray-Waray 50 10 40 50 30 25
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 320 140 180 150 70 85
Creole languages 56,990 25,220 31,770 570 275 305
Haitian Creole 2,220 1,055 1,170 20 10 10
Creole, n.o.s. 53,785 23,675 30,110 290 140 145
Creole languages, n.i.e. 980 490 490 265 120 145
Dravidian languages 14,865 7,435 7,430 1,565 825 735
Kannada 240 130 110 95 50 40
Malayalam 440 235 205 790 410 380
Tamil 13,600 6,715 6,880 480 255 230
Telugu 570 345 230 195 115 80
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 10 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 25 10 15 5 0 0
Indo-European languages 553,045 269,625 283,420 158,350 77,605 80,750
Albanian 2,795 1,420 1,370 350 170 180
Armenian 16,430 7,970 8,460 65 35 30
Balto-Slavic languages 68,155 30,960 37,195 34,450 15,845 18,605
Baltic languages 850 335 515 165 65 95
Latvian 290 120 175 80 35 45
Lithuanian 555 215 340 85 35 45
Slavic languages 67,310 30,630 36,675 34,280 15,775 18,510
Belarusan 80 45 35 40 20 25
Bosnian 1,620 805 815 575 285 290
Bulgarian 6,985 3,385 3,600 140 70 65
Croatian 2,330 1,165 1,170 1,030 505 530
Czech 1,465 690 775 615 310 310
Macedonian 205 105 95 145 70 75
Polish 13,935 6,065 7,865 6,455 2,905 3,545
Russian 28,565 12,715 15,850 9,130 4,495 4,640
Serbian 3,140 1,590 1,545 655 335 320
Serbo-Croatian 1,805 865 940 240 110 130
Slovak 1,040 455 585 405 175 225
Slovene (Slovenian) 755 350 405 270 130 140
Ukrainian 5,210 2,285 2,920 14,505 6,325 8,180
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 175 90 85 75 40 30
Celtic languages 155 95 60 115 60 55
Scottish Gaelic 20 15 10 50 25 20
Welsh 40 20 20 60 30 30
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 90 55 30 10 10 0
Germanic languages 27,540 13,280 14,260 68,670 33,310 35,360
Afrikaans 125 60 65 420 220 205
Danish 395 190 200 280 145 135
Dutch 2,825 1,395 1,430 2,675 1,335 1,335
Frisian 10 10 0 55 30 25
German 13,670 6,340 7,330 63,825 30,940 32,890
Icelandic 65 30 35 475 210 260
Norwegian 200 100 100 115 45 65
Swedish 555 255 300 135 70 70
Vlaams (Flemish) 540 240 300 310 125 180
Yiddish 8,985 4,560 4,420 355 175 180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 175 100 75 25 10 10
Greek 38,635 19,435 19,205 1,285 665 615
Indo-Iranian languages 76,040 39,205 36,835 32,325 17,135 15,195
Indo-Aryan languages 45,845 23,875 21,970 29,520 15,700 13,820
Bengali 10,995 5,620 5,380 1,170 675 495
Gujarati 6,070 2,980 3,090 3,115 1,660 1,455
Hindi 3,030 1,635 1,390 2,270 1,215 1,060
Kashmiri 20 15 5 5 5 5
Konkani 110 60 55 35 20 15
Marathi 255 145 110 135 80 50
Nepali 1,505 740 765 720 355 365
Oriya (Odia) 35 20 15 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 12,380 6,720 5,660 18,320 9,650 8,670
Sindhi 330 160 165 60 30 30
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 645 310 330 670 345 320
Urdu 10,470 5,460 5,010 3,015 1,655 1,355
Iranian languages 29,760 15,105 14,655 2,705 1,365 1,335
Kurdish 985 550 430 415 210 200
Pashto 1,285 680 610 275 130 150
Persian (Farsi) 27,490 13,875 13,615 2,020 1,030 990
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 440 225 210 100 60 40
Italic (Romance) languages 323,290 157,260 166,030 21,100 10,385 10,710
Catalan 320 170 150 0 0 5
Italian 104,600 51,705 52,895 3,840 1,910 1,930
Portuguese 36,770 17,735 19,035 6,585 3,190 3,390
Romanian 35,840 17,170 18,665 645 310 335
Spanish 145,635 70,405 75,235 10,005 4,965 5,040
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 125 75 50 15 5 10
Japanese 2,525 775 1,750 540 185 350
Kartvelian languages 170 80 85 15 10 10
Georgian 170 80 90 15 5 5
Korean 5,160 2,270 2,890 3,760 1,810 1,950
Mongolic languages 190 75 115 20 5 15
Mongolian 195 80 115 20 5 15
Niger-Congo languages 28,355 14,360 13,995 3,895 1,965 1,930
Akan (Twi) 1,050 520 525 150 90 65
Bamanankan 1,200 655 545 75 25 45
Edo 75 45 30 40 20 15
Ewe 730 400 325 30 20 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 2,055 1,080 970 65 35 30
Ga 80 40 40 15 10 5
Ganda 35 15 20 50 20 30
Igbo 120 70 50 280 155 130
Lingala 2,465 1,185 1,285 75 30 40
Rundi (Kirundi) 3,345 1,600 1,745 135 60 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 2,500 1,115 1,380 250 125 120
Shona 85 45 40 110 50 60
Swahili 3,010 1,460 1,545 870 420 455
Wolof 3,230 1,745 1,485 75 50 25
Yoruba 255 155 100 1,030 525 505
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 8,135 4,235 3,895 640 315 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 345 180 165 395 215 180
Dinka 5 5 0 175 90 80
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 335 170 165 225 125 100
Sign languages 1,330 700 630 440 230 210
American Sign Language 65 35 30 240 125 115
Quebec Sign Language 670 330 340 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 595 340 255 195 100 95
Sino-Tibetan languages 76,840 35,775 41,065 18,880 9,320 9,565
Chinese languages 76,490 35,600 40,895 18,305 9,025 9,280
Cantonese 24,375 11,505 12,875 6,625 3,140 3,485
Hakka 470 215 260 55 30 25
Mandarin 43,700 20,175 23,525 10,170 5,110 5,060
Min Dong 20 10 15 5 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 3,225 1,480 1,745 325 150 165
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,075 465 605 110 55 50
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,535 1,710 1,825 1,010 530 475
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 90 40 45 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 345 175 170 575 295 285
Burmese 80 30 50 85 50 30
Karenic languages 70 40 30 430 215 220
Tibetan 110 65 50 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 85 45 40 55 20 35
Tai-Kadai languages 4,895 2,185 2,710 1,120 525 595
Lao 4,115 1,995 2,120 875 445 430
Thai 765 180 585 240 85 165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 5 0 0
Turkic languages 7,980 4,095 3,880 340 190 150
Azerbaijani 290 160 130 30 20 15
Turkish 7,155 3,685 3,470 210 120 95
Uyghur 205 100 105 10 5 10
Uzbek 145 70 75 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 185 80 105 40 25 20
Uralic languages 6,400 2,985 3,410 1,440 655 790
Estonian 195 75 120 30 10 15
Finnish 360 125 240 225 85 135
Hungarian 5,835 2,790 3,045 1,185 550 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 685 385 300 155 85 70
Multiple responses 184,905 92,600 92,310 31,505 15,280 16,220
English and French 72,395 36,695 35,695 4,365 2,140 2,230
English and non-official language 27,485 13,545 13,945 25,965 12,530 13,440
French and non-official language 67,075 33,110 33,970 695 380 315
English, French and non-official language 17,950 9,245 8,705 470 230 245
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 8,066,560 3,977,270 4,089,285 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
Single responses 7,743,740 3,819,315 3,924,425 1,197,145 593,020 604,120
Official languages 7,157,850 3,536,165 3,621,685 1,052,345 521,280 531,065
English 782,185 391,125 391,060 1,035,475 513,465 522,010
French 6,375,665 3,145,040 3,230,625 16,865 7,815 9,055
Non-official languages 585,890 283,150 302,735 144,800 71,740 73,060
Aboriginal languages 40,190 20,205 19,980 15,770 8,020 7,750
Algonquian languages 28,695 14,385 14,310 15,070 7,675 7,390
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 28,110 14,105 14,005 7,570 3,860 3,715
Atikamekw 5,465 2,825 2,640 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 7,375 3,590 3,790 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 5 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 590 295 290 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 60 30 30 10 5 0
Plains Cree 5 0 0 10 5 5
Southern East Cree 15 5 10 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 5 120 45 75
Woods Cree 0 5 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 14,590 7,355 7,235 7,415 3,790 3,620
Eastern Algonquian languages 220 115 110 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 220 110 105 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 370 170 200 7,495 3,820 3,675
Algonquin 360 165 195 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 5 0 2,505 1,280 1,225
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 4,990 2,545 2,455
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 635 305 330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 635 305 330
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 630 305 330
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 11,375 5,770 5,615 15 5 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 5 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 11,350 5,750 5,600 10 5 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 10 5 5
Iroquoian languages 70 35 35 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 70 35 30 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 5 10
Salish languages 5 5 5 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 35 25 10
Dakota 0 0 0 35 25 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 35 10 25 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 545,695 262,940 282,755 129,035 63,725 65,310
Afro-Asiatic languages 91,660 46,550 45,110 6,875 3,475 3,400
Berber languages 7,495 3,895 3,605 20 15 5
Kabyle 5,105 2,660 2,450 15 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 2,390 1,235 1,150 0 5 5
Cushitic languages 535 240 295 1,185 550 630
Bilen 5 0 5 120 65 55
Oromo 5 0 0 210 95 115
Somali 520 230 290 845 385 460
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 5 10 0
Semitic languages 83,520 42,365 41,160 5,650 2,895 2,750
Amharic 340 150 185 1,045 520 525
Arabic 81,105 41,150 39,955 3,105 1,600 1,505
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 95 50 45 5 0 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 5 0 0 0
Harari 5 0 5 0 0 0
Hebrew 1,705 880 825 355 195 160
Maltese 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tigrigna 205 95 105 1,135 580 555
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 60 25 35 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 105 50 55 25 15 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 24,980 11,675 13,305 2,900 1,370 1,530
Khmer (Cambodian) 5,180 2,370 2,805 125 55 70
Vietnamese 19,790 9,295 10,495 2,775 1,315 1,460
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 15 5 10 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 9,715 3,960 5,750 27,215 13,065 14,155
Bikol 15 5 10 30 15 15
Cebuano 230 100 125 495 250 245
Fijian 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hiligaynon 130 55 75 125 55 75
Ilocano 740 305 435 390 190 200
Malagasy 360 185 170 0 0 0
Malay 175 85 95 55 25 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 60 30 30 245 120 130
Pangasinan 10 5 10 30 15 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,905 3,150 4,760 25,790 12,375 13,420
Waray-Waray 15 10 10 10 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 30 15 15
Creole languages 20,705 8,780 11,925 290 120 165
Haitian Creole 855 380 475 10 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 19,405 8,200 11,210 165 75 85
Creole languages, n.i.e. 440 200 240 115 45 75
Dravidian languages 11,400 5,595 5,805 800 400 400
Kannada 150 85 65 45 25 25
Malayalam 200 100 100 405 195 205
Tamil 10,720 5,215 5,500 240 120 120
Telugu 330 190 135 110 60 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 15 5 5 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 303,215 146,100 157,115 70,820 35,325 35,495
Albanian 1,615 795 820 155 80 75
Armenian 11,990 5,680 6,310 20 10 5
Balto-Slavic languages 40,405 19,085 21,325 11,685 5,670 6,015
Baltic languages 190 80 105 25 10 15
Latvian 75 40 40 15 5 5
Lithuanian 115 40 70 10 5 5
Slavic languages 40,220 19,000 21,220 11,660 5,660 6,000
Belarusan 25 15 15 0 5 0
Bosnian 965 475 495 285 145 140
Bulgarian 5,125 2,495 2,630 65 30 30
Croatian 1,015 475 545 320 145 180
Czech 460 220 240 115 55 60
Macedonian 130 65 65 85 35 45
Polish 5,970 2,695 3,270 2,010 910 1,105
Russian 20,680 9,775 10,900 5,530 2,780 2,745
Serbian 2,010 1,020 990 335 170 170
Serbo-Croatian 960 470 490 90 40 50
Slovak 245 120 130 70 35 35
Slovene (Slovenian) 225 95 135 55 20 30
Ukrainian 2,365 1,060 1,300 2,690 1,285 1,405
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 10 5 5
Celtic languages 30 20 10 20 15 10
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 5 5 0
Welsh 10 10 0 10 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 15 5 0 0 0
Germanic languages 9,890 4,980 4,905 25,825 12,700 13,125
Afrikaans 15 10 10 200 100 100
Danish 50 25 25 10 5 5
Dutch 375 170 205 270 135 130
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 2,550 1,190 1,365 24,795 12,185 12,615
Icelandic 30 15 20 35 15 20
Norwegian 20 5 10 10 5 5
Swedish 105 50 60 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 70 35 40 15 5 10
Yiddish 6,665 3,485 3,180 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 465 240 225
Greek 18,545 8,865 9,680 535 255 280
Indo-Iranian languages 53,555 26,845 26,710 22,810 11,920 10,890
Indo-Aryan languages 31,575 15,985 15,585 21,010 11,055 9,950
Bengali 8,180 4,055 4,125 690 390 305
Gujarati 3,840 1,860 1,985 2,100 1,095 1,005
Hindi 1,535 790 745 1,335 715 620
Kashmiri 5 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 30 15 15 10 5 5
Marathi 80 40 40 40 25 20
Nepali 1,355 655 700 540 265 280
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 5 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 8,840 4,690 4,155 14,000 7,330 6,670
Sindhi 135 65 75 30 10 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 365 185 180 360 190 170
Urdu 7,180 3,620 3,565 1,895 1,035 860
Iranian languages 21,745 10,740 11,010 1,755 835 920
Kurdish 510 280 235 275 135 140
Pashto 925 460 465 165 70 95
Persian (Farsi) 20,310 10,005 10,305 1,315 635 685
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 235 120 120 50 25 20
Italic (Romance) languages 167,190 79,835 87,355 9,765 4,670 5,090
Catalan 110 50 60 0 0 0
Italian 32,935 14,595 18,340 1,035 450 590
Portuguese 17,260 8,250 9,005 2,800 1,305 1,500
Romanian 24,520 12,000 12,525 235 110 125
Spanish 92,330 44,920 47,415 5,695 2,810 2,885
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 0 0 0
Japanese 1,050 425 620 175 75 105
Kartvelian languages 70 35 35 10 5 0
Georgian 70 40 35 10 5 5
Korean 3,540 1,630 1,910 2,915 1,430 1,490
Mongolic languages 145 70 75 5 0 5
Mongolian 145 70 75 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 7,250 3,450 3,800 1,410 695 720
Akan (Twi) 445 215 235 45 30 20
Bamanankan 265 135 125 15 5 5
Edo 10 5 5 5 5 0
Ewe 140 60 80 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 530 255 280 35 15 15
Ga 15 5 10 5 0 0
Ganda 5 5 5 5 0 0
Igbo 15 10 10 75 40 35
Lingala 625 270 355 40 20 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,110 510 600 65 35 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 530 225 305 105 55 50
Shona 20 10 10 10 5 10
Swahili 1,100 535 565 500 240 265
Wolof 1,035 555 480 25 20 10
Yoruba 55 25 25 345 175 170
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,350 635 710 125 50 75
Nilo-Saharan languages 135 70 65 130 60 70
Dinka 0 0 0 80 35 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 130 65 65 55 30 25
Sign languages 1,770 1,000 775 560 310 255
American Sign Language 90 35 50 255 135 120
Quebec Sign Language 700 360 340 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 985 600 385 305 170 135
Sino-Tibetan languages 60,370 28,925 31,450 13,910 6,920 6,985
Chinese languages 60,155 28,805 31,345 13,445 6,685 6,765
Cantonese 17,845 8,470 9,375 4,455 2,105 2,350
Hakka 155 75 80 25 10 15
Mandarin 37,075 17,870 19,200 8,080 4,105 3,975
Min Dong 0 0 0 5 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,830 830 1,000 135 65 70
Wu (Shanghainese) 780 355 420 65 30 35
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,435 1,190 1,240 675 365 315
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 215 115 100 465 235 225
Burmese 35 15 20 55 30 25
Karenic languages 65 40 30 370 190 180
Tibetan 70 45 30 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 40 15 20
Tai-Kadai languages 2,375 1,145 1,230 535 250 280
Lao 2,150 1,055 1,100 430 210 220
Thai 225 90 135 105 40 65
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5,120 2,540 2,575 135 70 65
Azerbaijani 100 50 55 10 5 10
Turkish 4,715 2,340 2,370 65 35 35
Uyghur 140 75 70 0 0 0
Uzbek 105 50 55 35 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 25 10 15
Uralic languages 2,025 895 1,130 305 140 165
Estonian 30 10 20 0 0 0
Finnish 50 20 30 35 15 15
Hungarian 1,945 860 1,085 270 125 145
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 150 90 60 40 25 20
Multiple responses 322,820 157,960 164,860 64,475 31,080 33,400
English and French 86,715 43,820 42,890 3,090 1,440 1,645
English and non-official language 54,400 26,255 28,140 60,090 28,995 31,090
French and non-official language 139,385 66,610 72,775 415 215 205
English, French and non-official language 42,320 21,270 21,045 885 420 455
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 8,066,555 3,977,275 4,089,285 1,261,615 624,095 637,520
None 6,825,240 3,356,340 3,468,900 1,079,050 535,990 543,065
English 513,410 263,670 249,735 76,350 37,795 38,550
French 320,370 158,340 162,030 20,200 9,130 11,075
Non-official language 317,790 154,450 163,340 83,315 39,860 43,455
Aboriginal 5,700 2,645 3,060 16,105 7,590 8,515
Non-Aboriginal 312,085 151,810 160,280 67,215 32,275 34,940
English and French 36,235 18,285 17,955 305 150 150
English and non-official language 28,630 14,075 14,555 1,610 815 790
French and non-official language 23,470 11,365 12,095 770 345 420
English, French and non-official language 1,420 740 680 20 5 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145 1,001,305 491,590 509,715
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020 954,035 467,790 486,250
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,975 37,842 28,522 34,188 40,379 29,220
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,400 954,205 467,820 486,390
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,535 33,110 26,119 30,465 35,150 26,561
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 5,685,690 2,866,470 2,819,220 859,545 431,145 428,400
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,067 35,597 25,012 32,592 39,229 26,692
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 4,973,245 2,300,800 2,672,445 701,840 309,530 392,310
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,307 5,851 8,246 4,268 1,890 5,434
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 4,627,795 2,408,420 2,219,370 722,785 374,850 347,935
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,263 35,627 27,219 33,677 39,365 28,679
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,245 1,001,305 491,580 509,725
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 6,417,010 3,159,415 3,257,595 953,960 467,575 486,385
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,546 49,087 36,203 43,767 51,068 36,747
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 6,418,440 3,159,550 3,258,890 954,175 467,605 486,565
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,887 39,292 30,616 35,957 41,013 31,097
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 5,685,905 2,866,415 2,819,485 859,575 431,035 428,540
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,505 47,810 33,079 42,776 50,803 34,704
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 4,972,650 2,299,595 2,673,050 701,830 308,940 392,890
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,590 7,846 9,229 7,099 6,411 7,640
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 4,627,775 2,408,655 2,219,120 722,785 374,535 348,250
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,382 45,974 34,313 42,551 49,417 35,168
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,240 1,001,310 491,580 509,725
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 2,036,965 1,114,940 922,025 350,580 201,335 149,245
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 47,111 51,622 42,433 50,026 54,580 44,818
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 56,564 62,750 49,085 59,523 65,410 51,581
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 84.4 88.3 79.1 88.0 91.7 83.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 68.4 71.4 64.6 73.6 77.4 68.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 15.6 11.7 20.9 12.0 8.3 16.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,140 1,001,310 491,585 509,720
Without total income 216,685 99,555 117,125 47,270 23,800 23,470
With total income 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020 954,040 467,790 486,245
Percentage with total income 96.7 96.9 96.5 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 789,595 351,935 437,660 137,700 62,550 75,150
$10,000 to $19,999 1,188,135 476,630 711,500 150,320 58,320 91,995
$20,000 to $29,999 976,210 428,390 547,830 136,510 54,950 81,560
$30,000 to $39,999 852,735 414,105 438,625 123,685 55,805 67,885
$40,000 to $49,999 747,995 378,215 369,780 109,710 54,650 55,060
$50,000 to $59,999 540,265 292,110 248,150 80,625 45,170 35,460
$60,000 to $69,999 375,935 214,805 161,130 58,785 35,250 23,535
$70,000 to $79,999 286,025 164,240 121,790 43,365 26,465 16,895
$80,000 to $89,999 189,350 113,715 75,635 34,000 20,100 13,905
$90,000 to $99,999 122,750 80,090 42,660 21,980 13,545 8,440
$100,000 and over 348,620 246,360 102,255 57,355 40,985 16,370
$100,000 to $149,999 236,515 164,145 72,370 40,870 28,585 12,285
$150,000 and over 112,105 82,215 29,885 16,490 12,395 4,090
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 6,634,295 3,260,150 3,374,140 1,001,305 491,585 509,720
Without after-tax income 215,120 99,375 115,750 47,100 23,770 23,330
With after-tax income 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,395 954,205 467,820 486,390
Percentage with after-tax income 96.8 97.0 96.6 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 822,725 359,045 463,675 142,035 63,525 78,510
$10,000 to $19,999 1,246,480 505,165 741,315 161,865 63,410 98,460
$20,000 to $29,999 1,192,885 541,080 651,810 165,880 68,985 96,895
$30,000 to $39,999 1,096,510 553,200 543,315 153,680 73,335 80,350
$40,000 to $49,999 793,150 425,040 368,115 116,415 63,755 52,660
$50,000 to $59,999 498,475 283,130 215,345 78,105 46,940 31,160
$60,000 to $69,999 309,415 180,470 128,945 53,870 32,165 21,705
$70,000 to $79,999 167,895 108,500 59,395 31,690 19,680 12,010
$80,000 and over 291,635 205,155 86,485 50,655 36,025 14,630
$80,000 to $89,999 95,010 64,670 30,335 18,025 12,260 5,760
$90,000 to $99,999 55,980 39,080 16,905 10,325 7,305 3,015
$100,000 and over 140,645 101,405 39,240 22,305 16,460 5,850
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145 1,001,305 491,590 509,720
Without employment income 2,006,505 851,730 1,154,775 278,525 116,740 161,775
With employment income 4,627,790 2,408,420 2,219,375 722,785 374,845 347,940
Percentage with employment income 69.8 73.9 65.8 72.2 76.3 68.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 606,300 311,780 294,520 90,045 42,675 47,375
$5,000 to $9,999 367,030 162,150 204,885 54,560 23,875 30,690
$10,000 to $19,999 681,920 305,995 375,920 94,460 41,920 52,535
$20,000 to $29,999 586,140 269,950 316,195 89,540 39,650 49,895
$30,000 to $39,999 565,425 277,135 288,285 88,340 41,905 46,440
$40,000 to $49,999 476,665 247,105 229,560 77,755 40,205 37,550
$50,000 to $59,999 359,180 203,580 155,600 58,900 34,355 24,550
$60,000 to $69,999 266,650 156,255 110,395 44,085 27,115 16,970
$70,000 to $79,999 224,040 129,890 94,150 34,450 21,375 13,075
$80,000 and over 494,440 344,585 149,855 90,650 61,780 28,865
$80,000 to $89,999 139,830 90,295 49,540 28,365 16,860 11,505
$90,000 to $99,999 93,860 64,160 29,700 17,635 11,355 6,275
$100,000 and over 260,745 190,125 70,620 44,650 33,560 11,095
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 3,531,665 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 59,822 ... ... 68,147 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 52,207 ... ... 59,093 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 1,175,230 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,574 ... ... 35,846 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,469 ... ... 31,538 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 2,356,430 ... ... 353,550 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 78,645 ... ... 84,532 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 67,665 ... ... 72,688 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 3,531,665 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 77,306 ... ... 85,373 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 63,404 ... ... 70,154 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 1,174,695 ... ... 135,440 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,042 ... ... 44,208 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,262 ... ... 36,503 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 2,356,970 ... ... 353,605 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 95,878 ... ... 101,140 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 78,426 ... ... 83,044 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 3,531,665 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 47,170 ... ... 9,250 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 56,315 ... ... 8,175 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 119,570 ... ... 11,450 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 180,865 ... ... 18,260 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 179,690 ... ... 21,395 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 154,150 ... ... 19,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 185,000 ... ... 21,090 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 184,435 ... ... 21,745 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 179,855 ... ... 21,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 170,445 ... ... 21,225 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 313,600 ... ... 40,240 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 273,620 ... ... 37,910 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 241,940 ... ... 34,275 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 208,620 ... ... 31,555 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 176,355 ... ... 27,215 ... ...
$100,000 and over 860,030 ... ... 144,620 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 327,435 ... ... 52,495 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 204,105 ... ... 34,595 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 192,155 ... ... 34,670 ... ...
$200,000 and over 136,335 ... ... 22,865 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 3,531,660 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 50,445 ... ... 9,725 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 57,335 ... ... 8,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 120,860 ... ... 11,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 190,300 ... ... 19,325 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 202,905 ... ... 24,370 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 187,365 ... ... 22,665 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 231,765 ... ... 25,915 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 225,695 ... ... 26,725 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 211,990 ... ... 25,965 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 202,760 ... ... 25,290 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 363,775 ... ... 48,610 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 309,825 ... ... 44,280 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 256,150 ... ... 38,890 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 208,765 ... ... 32,370 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 166,295 ... ... 26,890 ... ...
$100,000 and over 545,440 ... ... 97,850 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 269,170 ... ... 46,355 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 130,225 ... ... 24,795 ... ...
$150,000 and over 146,045 ... ... 26,705 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 2,261,890 ... ... 341,205 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,378 ... ... 84,441 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 68,152 ... ... 72,563 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 930,195 ... ... 127,580 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,075 ... ... 79,103 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 60,224 ... ... 67,596 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 911,980 ... ... 150,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,246 ... ... 104,902 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 88,844 ... ... 89,307 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.2 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 364,085 ... ... 52,215 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,708 ... ... 49,922 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,805 ... ... 46,048 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 2,262,045 ... ... 341,235 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 96,863 ... ... 101,410 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,060 ... ... 83,132 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 929,645 ... ... 127,710 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,304 ... ... 95,583 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,167 ... ... 77,743 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 912,560 ... ... 150,695 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 122,835 ... ... 122,176 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,279 ... ... 99,399 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 363,610 ... ... 52,130 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 61,753 ... ... 60,006 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,052 ... ... 52,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,433,210 711,180 722,030 175,270 86,935 88,335
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,195 31,526 27,210 32,927 35,568 30,818
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,706 28,214 25,434 29,429 31,130 28,062
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 1,430,625 708,225 722,405 174,945 86,380 88,565
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,684 39,840 35,571 40,853 43,332 38,434
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 31,513 32,729 30,321 33,961 35,291 32,663
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 7,965,455 3,941,475 4,023,970 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
In the bottom half of the distribution 4,577,885 2,216,770 2,361,115 687,930 332,640 355,290
In the bottom decile 747,785 368,385 379,395 151,750 74,825 76,930
In the second decile 898,605 408,705 489,900 135,485 62,035 73,450
In the third decile 997,185 481,975 515,210 135,395 64,805 70,590
In the fourth decile 996,230 490,275 505,960 132,755 65,185 67,575
In the fifth decile 938,080 467,425 470,655 132,540 65,790 66,750
In the top half of the distribution 3,387,565 1,724,710 1,662,855 552,770 281,805 270,965
In the sixth decile 881,640 444,865 436,775 127,575 64,305 63,265
In the seventh decile 806,685 409,470 397,220 123,505 62,770 60,735
In the eighth decile 700,450 357,000 343,455 116,805 59,460 57,350
In the ninth decile 557,160 286,195 270,960 104,820 53,835 50,980
In the top decile 441,630 227,185 214,445 80,070 41,435 38,640
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 7,921,505 3,919,560 4,001,945 1,175,720 581,585 594,135
0 to 17 years 1,564,410 800,455 763,960 260,905 134,075 126,830
0 to 5 years 532,410 272,790 259,625 85,935 44,240 41,695
18 to 64 years 5,021,875 2,498,900 2,522,980 737,035 365,965 371,070
65 years and over 1,335,220 620,210 715,010 177,780 81,540 96,235
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 1,160,190 542,405 617,785 180,880 85,185 95,690
0 to 17 years 222,955 114,410 108,540 57,185 29,390 27,790
0 to 5 years 75,270 38,595 36,670 21,325 10,970 10,355
18 to 64 years 688,130 334,825 353,305 98,920 46,630 52,285
65 years and over 249,110 93,170 155,930 24,785 9,165 15,615
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.6 13.8 15.4 15.4 14.6 16.1
0 to 17 years (%) 14.3 14.3 14.2 21.9 21.9 21.9
0 to 5 years (%) 14.1 14.1 14.1 24.8 24.8 24.8
18 to 64 years (%) 13.7 13.4 14.0 13.4 12.7 14.1
65 years and over (%) 18.7 15.0 21.8 13.9 11.2 16.2
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 731,340 358,085 373,260 115,965 56,255 59,705
0 to 17 years 129,325 66,400 62,925 33,260 17,040 16,220
0 to 5 years 44,375 22,705 21,675 12,310 6,325 5,985
18 to 64 years 514,540 261,485 253,060 73,655 35,895 37,760
65 years and over 87,475 30,205 57,270 9,045 3,325 5,725
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.2 9.1 9.3 9.9 9.7 10.0
0 to 17 years (%) 8.3 8.3 8.2 12.7 12.7 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 8.3 8.3 8.3 14.3 14.3 14.4
18 to 64 years (%) 10.2 10.5 10.0 10.0 9.8 10.2
65 years and over (%) 6.6 4.9 8.0 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Official languages 7,891,110 3,911,220 3,979,890 1,224,985 607,375 617,605
English 3,930,690 2,058,470 1,872,225 1,223,665 606,760 616,905
French 7,522,350 3,725,145 3,797,200 108,560 49,435 59,130
Non-official languages 1,610,980 776,265 834,720 340,250 165,150 175,100
Aboriginal languages 50,890 25,190 25,700 40,465 19,410 21,050
Algonquian languages 37,515 18,545 18,965 38,305 18,375 19,930
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cree-Montagnais languages 34,415 17,050 17,370 20,975 10,025 10,955
Atikamekw 6,640 3,335 3,305 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 9,850 4,735 5,115 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 10 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 775 385 385 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 260 130 130 85 25 55
Plains Cree 10 0 0 190 90 100
Southern East Cree 35 25 10 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 15 0 10 1,140 505 640
Woods Cree 10 10 0 130 65 65
Cree, n.o.s. 17,175 8,600 8,575 19,435 9,340 10,095
Eastern Algonquian languages 885 460 420 10 10 0
Malecite 10 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 880 460 425 10 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 2,340 1,105 1,235 17,710 8,520 9,185
Algonquin 2,240 1,055 1,185 10 0 0
Ojibway 105 50 50 9,685 4,560 5,125
Oji-Cree 10 0 0 8,045 3,975 4,070
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 35 20 10 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 20 10 10 1,120 525 595
Northern Athabaskan languages 20 15 10 1,110 520 590
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 10 0 10 1,110 520 595
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 10 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 10 10 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 10 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 12,595 6,270 6,330 110 55 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 12,485 6,210 6,270 80 35 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 115 60 60 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 740 360 375 15 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 690 350 335 15 10 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 50 15 35 0 0 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 30 15 10 210 115 95
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 10 0 10
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 760 365 395
Dakota 10 0 0 760 360 400
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 10 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 90 40 55 35 15 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,560,375 751,215 809,160 299,900 145,795 154,110
Afro-Asiatic languages 301,035 157,545 143,490 15,730 8,320 7,410
Berber languages 27,595 14,650 12,945 85 50 40
Kabyle 16,170 8,580 7,590 45 25 20
Berber languages, n.i.e. 11,580 6,150 5,425 50 35 10
Cushitic languages 1,550 745 805 2,300 1,195 1,105
Bilen 35 20 10 210 120 85
Oromo 45 30 10 535 275 260
Somali 1,460 680 780 1,550 790 760
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 15 15 10
Semitic languages 286,625 149,970 136,660 13,685 7,300 6,390
Amharic 1,145 540 600 2,475 1,370 1,105
Arabic 267,965 140,280 127,685 6,650 3,590 3,055
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 195 95 95 15 0 10
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 0 10 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 10 0
Hebrew 18,035 9,490 8,540 3,370 1,735 1,635
Maltese 40 10 25 65 30 35
Tigrigna 420 195 225 2,225 1,175 1,050
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 15 10 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 810 430 380 155 80 80
Austro-Asiatic languages 46,050 21,955 24,095 5,230 2,545 2,685
Khmer (Cambodian) 11,840 5,620 6,220 335 185 150
Vietnamese 34,580 16,520 18,060 4,905 2,370 2,535
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 31,230 11,820 19,410 65,305 30,220 35,090
Bikol 105 45 60 225 100 125
Cebuano 1,105 360 750 1,615 805 810
Fijian 15 0 10 65 35 30
Hiligaynon 540 195 350 425 180 245
Ilocano 2,500 890 1,610 1,875 880 990
Malagasy 1,980 940 1,040 0 0 0
Malay 1,210 525 690 375 180 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 195 95 100 945 415 530
Pangasinan 60 20 40 205 100 110
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 26,705 9,785 16,915 64,165 29,640 34,520
Waray-Waray 55 10 45 115 55 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 540 270 275 200 80 120
Creole languages 115,445 51,970 63,475 1,310 605 705
Haitian Creole 4,910 2,285 2,620 25 10 15
Creole, n.o.s. 108,315 48,615 59,705 635 310 315
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,835 1,390 1,445 680 305 375
Dravidian languages 18,710 9,495 9,210 1,840 945 895
Kannada 415 210 205 175 95 80
Malayalam 510 285 220 830 400 430
Tamil 17,245 8,680 8,565 655 330 325
Telugu 930 540 390 255 150 110
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 15 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 35 15 25 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 912,945 435,785 477,155 175,950 86,435 89,510
Albanian 3,375 1,730 1,645 390 195 195
Armenian 20,290 9,790 10,500 65 50 15
Balto-Slavic languages 88,425 41,725 46,700 39,530 18,780 20,745
Baltic languages 1,080 500 585 230 90 140
Latvian 335 150 185 115 45 70
Lithuanian 755 350 410 120 50 65
Slavic languages 87,520 41,315 46,205 39,360 18,720 20,640
Belarusan 365 150 215 65 25 45
Bosnian 1,975 990 985 835 405 430
Bulgarian 7,345 3,595 3,750 155 95 60
Croatian 3,580 1,760 1,820 1,595 765 825
Czech 2,070 975 1,095 735 335 395
Macedonian 285 140 145 140 75 60
Polish 17,760 8,090 9,665 7,655 3,625 4,035
Russian 46,665 22,265 24,400 13,455 6,715 6,740
Serbian 4,050 1,980 2,070 870 470 400
Serbo-Croatian 2,385 1,140 1,245 190 75 115
Slovak 1,520 705 820 480 215 260
Slovene (Slovenian) 970 490 480 275 100 175
Ukrainian 9,015 3,885 5,135 17,095 7,795 9,305
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 150 75 75 70 35 30
Celtic languages 495 305 195 225 125 100
Scottish Gaelic 155 95 65 90 65 25
Welsh 85 45 40 90 45 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 265 175 95 45 15 25
Germanic languages 63,370 31,835 31,530 68,285 33,250 35,035
Afrikaans 415 260 150 715 330 385
Danish 835 410 420 270 120 150
Dutch 5,060 2,665 2,395 3,120 1,555 1,565
Frisian 15 10 0 90 65 30
German 43,475 21,950 21,530 61,760 30,170 31,600
Icelandic 140 80 60 560 225 335
Norwegian 510 255 255 290 115 175
Swedish 1,580 785 795 270 125 150
Vlaams (Flemish) 760 265 495 270 120 155
Yiddish 12,375 6,225 6,155 545 235 315
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 270 125 140 2,490 1,285 1,205
Greek 51,060 25,520 25,540 2,010 1,015 1,000
Indo-Iranian languages 93,655 48,040 45,615 38,760 20,480 18,280
Indo-Aryan languages 59,570 30,870 28,700 35,830 18,990 16,835
Bengali 12,870 6,610 6,260 1,520 885 635
Gujarati 7,950 3,860 4,090 3,905 2,065 1,840
Hindi 15,570 8,285 7,280 12,900 6,900 6,000
Kashmiri 45 35 15 20 15 10
Konkani 150 70 75 40 30 10
Marathi 475 240 230 275 170 105
Nepali 1,445 725 720 600 285 315
Oriya (Odia) 55 35 20 15 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 17,860 9,690 8,165 22,900 12,035 10,865
Sindhi 500 240 255 150 85 65
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,335 625 710 920 500 420
Urdu 16,545 8,655 7,890 4,600 2,540 2,060
Iranian languages 35,420 17,830 17,585 3,035 1,525 1,515
Kurdish 1,255 665 590 600 295 305
Pashto 1,825 1,005 825 290 135 150
Persian (Farsi) 32,965 16,560 16,405 2,295 1,175 1,120
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 845 425 420 230 125 105
Italic (Romance) languages 627,545 293,620 333,920 34,360 16,630 17,735
Catalan 890 525 365 15 10 10
Italian 173,710 84,430 89,275 5,350 2,610 2,735
Portuguese 55,100 27,620 27,475 8,460 4,125 4,335
Romanian 42,655 20,550 22,110 785 395 390
Spanish 390,355 177,610 212,745 20,605 9,910 10,695
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 490 345 145 60 45 15
Japanese 7,040 3,340 3,695 1,160 550 605
Kartvelian languages 220 110 110 10 0 15
Georgian 215 105 110 15 0 15
Korean 6,260 2,825 3,430 4,240 2,100 2,145
Mongolic languages 270 135 130 55 20 35
Mongolian 265 135 130 55 20 30
Niger-Congo languages 52,840 26,665 26,175 7,970 4,125 3,845
Akan (Twi) 1,800 945 855 260 165 95
Bamanankan 2,385 1,240 1,145 160 95 65
Edo 190 95 95 95 60 30
Ewe 1,410 865 545 50 30 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 3,400 1,785 1,620 50 25 25
Ga 315 155 160 30 10 15
Ganda 90 40 55 230 110 120
Igbo 275 190 90 665 345 325
Lingala 9,630 4,430 5,200 655 315 345
Rundi (Kirundi) 4,490 2,210 2,285 205 105 105
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 3,535 1,640 1,895 305 155 155
Shona 150 75 80 250 110 140
Swahili 8,015 4,080 3,935 1,930 1,020 905
Wolof 6,555 3,545 3,015 150 85 70
Yoruba 885 485 395 2,630 1,330 1,295
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 17,720 9,125 8,595 1,440 765 680
Nilo-Saharan languages 695 345 350 410 225 185
Dinka 0 0 0 180 105 75
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 695 345 350 225 120 105
Sign languages 7,775 3,095 4,675 2,670 985 1,685
American Sign Language 675 245 435 1,710 625 1,090
Quebec Sign Language 4,405 1,590 2,815 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 2,960 1,350 1,605 975 365 610
Sino-Tibetan languages 90,460 42,695 47,770 21,130 10,490 10,650
Chinese languages 90,060 42,480 47,580 20,475 10,185 10,285
Cantonese 31,885 14,900 16,980 8,310 3,920 4,390
Hakka 545 240 310 50 30 20
Mandarin 59,240 27,560 31,685 12,825 6,460 6,365
Min Dong 15 10 10 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 4,215 1,860 2,350 480 230 250
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,230 535 690 185 95 85
Chinese, n.o.s. 4,800 2,380 2,425 1,115 600 510
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 90 40 55 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 430 235 195 675 310 370
Burmese 140 75 60 185 115 70
Karenic languages 105 55 45 465 200 265
Tibetan 65 50 10 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 140 65 80 145 60 80
Tai-Kadai languages 7,280 3,400 3,880 1,565 730 835
Lao 5,785 2,850 2,935 1,120 520 600
Thai 2,255 875 1,375 575 270 305
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 10 10 0
Turkic languages 12,475 6,265 6,210 510 250 265
Azerbaijani 510 275 235 50 25 30
Turkish 11,415 5,755 5,665 365 180 185
Uyghur 230 110 120 30 15 10
Uzbek 230 105 125 40 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 235 115 120 45 15 30
Uralic languages 7,870 3,710 4,160 1,550 730 815
Estonian 150 55 95 45 20 25
Finnish 500 195 305 265 105 160
Hungarian 7,215 3,450 3,765 1,235 600 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 2,140 1,170 970 445 290 150
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 7,585,545 3,753,190 3,832,350 1,133,080 560,165 572,920
Canadian citizens aged under 18 1,521,230 779,620 741,610 266,225 136,640 129,585
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 6,064,310 2,973,575 3,090,740 866,855 423,520 443,335
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 379,910 188,245 191,665 107,620 54,280 53,340
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015 1,240,700 614,445 626,255
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 6,788,085 3,365,345 3,422,735 996,860 494,285 502,570
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 1,091,310 530,325 560,980 227,465 111,095 116,365
Before 1981 238,655 117,080 121,575 50,025 23,340 26,680
1981 to 1990 127,340 63,150 64,190 20,205 10,190 10,010
1991 to 2000 187,860 89,210 98,650 23,040 11,165 11,875
2001 to 2010 322,280 155,785 166,495 70,985 35,305 35,680
2001 to 2005 140,170 67,835 72,335 22,570 11,195 11,370
2006 to 2010 182,115 87,945 94,165 48,415 24,110 24,305
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 215,170 105,105 110,065 63,210 31,095 32,120
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 86,065 45,765 40,295 16,375 9,055 7,320
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 1,091,305 530,325 560,980 227,470 111,100 116,370
Under 5 years 112,930 54,600 58,330 25,595 12,975 12,625
5 to 14 years 174,020 87,165 86,855 45,570 23,305 22,265
15 to 24 years 215,350 98,880 116,475 44,585 20,820 23,770
25 to 44 years 515,770 256,095 259,675 93,700 45,160 48,540
45 years and over 73,230 33,590 39,640 18,010 8,845 9,170
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,091,305 530,330 560,980 227,465 111,095 116,365
Americas 247,505 113,190 134,315 31,980 15,285 16,700
Brazil 7,345 3,515 3,830 435 170 265
Colombia 25,580 11,645 13,935 1,050 510 545
El Salvador 11,120 5,500 5,615 2,480 1,325 1,155
Guyana 2,490 1,085 1,410 1,135 515 620
Haiti 80,965 35,375 45,585 155 75 80
Jamaica 4,665 2,040 2,625 1,810 835 970
Mexico 15,820 7,090 8,730 6,655 3,330 3,320
Peru 13,265 5,945 7,325 235 85 150
Trinidad and Tobago 4,075 1,840 2,240 1,505 785 720
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 25,955 12,800 13,155 7,100 3,100 4,000
Other places of birth in Americas 56,235 26,370 29,870 9,425 4,550 4,875
Europe 311,090 154,910 156,185 56,705 27,815 28,890
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,785 1,890 1,895 1,055 530 525
Croatia 2,140 1,085 1,050 975 445 535
France 81,225 43,490 37,735 795 425 365
Germany 9,750 4,365 5,390 10,390 5,215 5,175
Greece 18,420 9,135 9,285 820 445 375
Hungary 3,325 1,620 1,700 815 435 375
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 820 485 330 650 310 340
Italy 51,025 25,370 25,655 2,755 1,405 1,350
Netherlands 1,990 1,035 955 2,250 1,185 1,060
Poland 10,735 4,675 6,060 5,280 2,455 2,820
Portugal 18,985 9,185 9,800 4,380 2,170 2,210
Romania 28,695 13,695 15,005 720 345 375
Russian Federation 11,355 4,975 6,375 4,245 2,035 2,210
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,790 830 960 355 175 175
Ukraine 8,670 3,800 4,870 4,765 2,250 2,515
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 12,905 6,645 6,260 11,665 5,655 6,015
Other places of birth in Europe 45,500 22,630 22,870 4,790 2,325 2,470
Africa 241,410 125,250 116,165 17,975 9,495 8,485
Algeria 59,465 31,180 28,280 115 60 55
Egypt 19,490 10,290 9,200 980 525 455
Ethiopia 995 495 495 2,525 1,360 1,165
Kenya 785 355 430 935 470 465
Morocco 60,700 31,435 29,270 250 140 110
Nigeria 1,340 740 600 3,820 2,070 1,750
Somalia 580 270 310 755 350 415
South Africa, Republic of 865 475 385 975 465 505
Other places of birth in Africa 97,200 50,005 47,190 7,630 4,055 3,570
Asia 289,825 136,175 153,655 120,230 58,215 62,015
Afghanistan 7,280 3,640 3,640 615 285 330
Bangladesh 7,940 3,990 3,950 880 475 400
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 49,555 19,905 29,655 9,250 4,460 4,790
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 4,730 2,290 2,435 1,460 715 735
India 17,865 9,195 8,670 21,990 11,395 10,595
IranCensus data footnote 61 17,760 8,880 8,885 1,180 655 530
Iraq 3,735 1,960 1,775 860 460 400
Japan 1,725 395 1,330 225 70 150
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 4,230 1,995 2,230 2,880 1,415 1,470
Lebanon 39,135 20,800 18,340 265 165 100
Pakistan 10,010 5,260 4,750 3,125 1,675 1,450
Philippines 24,410 9,040 15,370 61,950 28,800 33,150
Sri Lanka 10,715 5,335 5,380 1,015 515 505
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 17,775 8,800 8,980 805 390 410
Taiwan 2,735 1,100 1,635 215 110 110
Viet Nam 25,440 11,765 13,675 4,225 2,035 2,185
Other places of birth in Asia 44,795 21,840 22,950 9,285 4,590 4,695
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 1,480 805 670 575 290 280
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 215,170 105,105 110,065 63,210 31,095 32,115
Americas 47,710 22,625 25,085 4,130 1,840 2,290
Brazil 3,010 1,495 1,520 100 35 65
Colombia 7,540 3,465 4,075 185 70 120
Cuba 2,565 1,260 1,315 75 25 55
Haiti 16,880 7,690 9,190 15 10 0
Jamaica 190 140 55 340 175 165
Mexico 4,210 1,955 2,255 875 415 465
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 3,990 2,265 1,720 970 445 525
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 1,955 935 1,020 75 30 40
Other places of birth in Americas 7,365 3,425 3,935 1,490 640 850
Europe 39,320 20,085 19,235 5,155 2,650 2,505
France 20,030 10,855 9,175 135 70 75
Germany 580 250 330 580 310 265
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 135 105 35 135 80 60
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 3,750 1,695 2,055 160 85 70
Romania 2,945 1,260 1,685 70 30 35