Census Profile, 2016 Census
Ontario [Province] and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

Select a table view
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ontario

[Province]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Ontario [Province]  Map : Ontario [Province]
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 13,448,494 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 12,851,821 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.6 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 5,598,391 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 5,169,174 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 14.8 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 908,699.33 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 697,360 357,300 340,055 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 756,085 387,320 368,765 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 754,530 387,000 367,530 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 811,670 416,730 394,945 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 894,390 457,815 436,570 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 874,350 436,345 438,010 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 864,765 420,800 443,965 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 842,485 402,900 439,585 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 871,875 418,465 453,415 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 937,385 453,105 484,275 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 1,056,345 517,170 539,175 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 989,460 482,280 507,180 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 846,145 406,505 439,640 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 737,745 352,475 385,270 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 528,645 250,455 278,185 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 393,010 179,810 213,195 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 291,185 126,825 164,360 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 301,075 106,090 194,985 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 188,470 73,045 115,425 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 88,390 27,400 60,990 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 21,210 5,150 16,060 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 3,005 495 2,520 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.4 17.3 15.6 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 66.8 67.3 66.4 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 16.7 15.5 17.9 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.2 1.6 2.8 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 41.0 40.0 41.9 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 41.3 40.2 42.4 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 5,169,175 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 2,807,380 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 886,705 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 1,460,200 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 289,975 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 460,425 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 176,080 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 522,810 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 10,910 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 14,890 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 5,169,170 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 1,341,300 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 1,693,525 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 834,260 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 796,320 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 503,775 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 13,242,160 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 906,155 455,015 451,145 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 328,675 138,140 190,535 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 653,835 252,900 400,935 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 637,150 128,265 508,880 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 3,782,540 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 1,815,000 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 844,545 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 792,435 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 330,560 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 3,782,545 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 3,137,570 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 2,684,735 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 452,840 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 644,975 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 518,480 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 126,495 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 3,137,565 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 1,428,575 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 1,708,995 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 658,305 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 738,710 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 311,975 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 644,975 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 386,425 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 186,240 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 72,310 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 5,169,175 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 3,481,885 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 1,311,575 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 2,170,315 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 145,615 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 1,541,665 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 1,341,305 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 200,365 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 40,040 17,340 22,705 1,110 530 580
English and French 1,490,390 665,850 824,540 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 326,935 130,850 196,085 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 504,130 236,875 267,250 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 92,940 42,910 50,030 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 321,480 128,125 193,355 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 550,600 258,330 292,270 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 4.1 4.0 4.3 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 490,715 231,310 259,410 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 22,765 10,815 11,950 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 21,235 10,175 11,060 315 135 180
Blackfoot 10 5 5 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 5,080 2,485 2,595 220 105 115
Atikamekw 5 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 85 40 45 5 5 0
Naskapi 10 5 5 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 55 25 30 0 0 0
Plains Cree 35 5 30 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 355 135 225 15 10 5
Woods Cree 15 10 5 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 4,500 2,255 2,245 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 90 40 50 0 0 0
Malecite 10 5 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 85 35 50 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 16,025 7,620 8,400 70 25 40
Algonquin 65 30 35 0 0 0
Ojibway 9,505 4,515 4,985 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 6,310 3,015 3,300 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 145 65 80 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 60 20 40 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 55 20 35 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 5 0 5 40 15 20
Chilcotin 5 0 5 25 15 10
Dene 20 10 10 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 10 0 5 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 5 5 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 5 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 5
Haida 0 5 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 475 165 305 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 5 5 5 0 0
Inuktitut 425 145 280 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 710 300 410 5 0 0
Cayuga 40 20 20 0 0 0
Mohawk 590 255 335 5 0 0
Oneida 55 15 40 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 25 15 15 10 0 5
Salish languages 5 0 5 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 10 5 5 25 10 10
Dakota 5 5 5 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 5 5 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 5 45 20 25
Nisga'a 5 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 5 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 5 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 5 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 235 130 105 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 253,830 127,720 126,110 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 725 405 320 95 55 35
Kabyle 425 225 200 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 305 180 120 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 24,605 10,730 13,870 1,355 675 680
Bilen 250 140 110 5 0 0
Oromo 1,445 720 730 165 95 75
Somali 22,680 9,755 12,925 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 225 115 110 10 5 5
Semitic languages 227,985 116,320 111,665 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 10,720 4,960 5,760 1,140 560 585
Arabic 171,370 88,400 82,965 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 14,555 7,135 7,420 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 4,795 2,365 2,425 440 240 195
Harari 1,030 485 545 25 10 15
Hebrew 11,575 6,220 5,350 1,770 960 805
Maltese 5,175 2,575 2,600 80 40 40
Tigrigna 7,345 3,470 3,870 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,435 705 730 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 520 265 250 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 78,125 35,880 42,240 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 7,355 3,330 4,020 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 70,690 32,520 38,165 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 85 30 50 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 194,380 76,060 118,315 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 595 260 330 310 140 170
Cebuano 6,545 2,500 4,045 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 80 45 40 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 2,750 1,030 1,725 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 11,285 4,430 6,860 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 100 45 55 15 0 10
Malay 5,760 2,520 3,240 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,505 670 840 635 290 345
Pangasinan 535 215 315 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 163,415 63,665 99,755 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 405 140 270 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,400 550 850 830 360 470
Creole languages 11,255 5,095 6,165 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 630 290 340 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 8,025 3,580 4,440 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,605 1,225 1,380 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 148,605 73,530 75,075 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 2,670 1,365 1,305 225 115 110
Malayalam 17,140 8,795 8,350 1,750 905 845
Tamil 117,630 57,310 60,320 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 10,820 5,895 4,925 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 340 165 175 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 525 250 270 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 19,045 9,535 9,510 1,090 560 530
Armenian 15,070 7,305 7,765 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 410,725 188,695 222,025 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 9,080 3,785 5,295 645 280 370
Latvian 3,910 1,650 2,260 320 145 175
Lithuanian 5,175 2,135 3,035 325 130 200
Slavic languages 401,645 184,915 216,730 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 515 230 280 60 30 30
Bosnian 6,370 3,125 3,245 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 9,095 4,355 4,740 1,725 805 915
Croatian 31,875 15,460 16,410 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 10,670 4,930 5,740 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 15,635 7,470 8,165 250 120 135
Polish 121,075 54,675 66,405 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 101,100 45,630 55,470 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 41,740 20,585 21,150 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 4,875 2,310 2,570 1,145 545 600
Slovak 10,280 4,710 5,565 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 6,740 2,995 3,745 545 250 290
Ukrainian 40,375 17,760 22,610 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 1,310 670 635 180 90 90
Celtic languages 1,110 505 605 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 450 210 240 125 65 60
Welsh 435 180 260 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 225 120 110 65 40 25
Germanic languages 200,640 94,475 106,165 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 2,295 1,125 1,170 1,435 730 705
Danish 4,265 2,010 2,250 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 51,720 24,875 26,840 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 1,240 630 620 80 30 50
German 131,525 61,520 70,005 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 210 100 110 155 70 80
Norwegian 940 405 540 835 410 430
Swedish 2,395 1,040 1,350 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 2,150 925 1,225 200 105 95
Yiddish 3,735 1,765 1,970 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 170 80 85 25 20 15
Greek 55,415 27,305 28,110 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 707,845 357,350 350,495 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 565,600 285,720 279,875 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 46,810 23,615 23,195 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 76,675 38,740 37,940 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 58,735 29,805 28,930 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 345 170 175 40 25 15
Konkani 2,510 1,195 1,315 225 110 110
Marathi 5,490 2,805 2,685 535 280 255
Nepali 7,870 3,915 3,960 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 715 380 335 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 197,060 100,160 96,895 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 6,840 3,225 3,615 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10,165 4,925 5,235 1,455 730 725
Urdu 152,385 76,795 75,595 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 139,675 70,270 69,405 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 6,665 3,615 3,050 1,650 875 780
Pashto 10,950 5,630 5,315 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 122,070 61,025 61,040 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 2,565 1,350 1,215 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 614,525 295,030 319,490 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 285 150 135 125 65 55
Italian 231,040 112,440 118,600 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 150,000 72,280 77,715 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 41,755 19,565 22,190 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 191,025 90,390 100,630 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 420 200 215 60 40 25
Japanese 13,260 4,590 8,670 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 1,200 635 565 65 40 25
Georgian 1,200 635 565 65 40 25
Korean 69,775 32,035 37,740 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 405 180 220 340 145 200
Mongolian 405 180 225 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 35,760 16,705 19,050 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 9,695 4,510 5,190 405 220 180
Bamanankan 140 60 80 10 10 5
Edo 1,140 475 670 80 45 30
Ewe 560 270 295 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 365 180 185 20 10 5
Ga 600 275 325 35 15 15
Ganda 760 360 400 65 35 30
Igbo 2,090 1,080 1,010 160 90 65
Lingala 850 365 485 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,430 640 785 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,330 545 785 105 45 55
Shona 1,455 660 790 150 70 85
Swahili 5,525 2,540 2,985 585 285 295
Wolof 290 145 150 30 10 20
Yoruba 4,365 2,260 2,105 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5,155 2,345 2,810 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 1,610 810 800 265 135 135
Dinka 345 170 175 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,260 635 625 190 85 100
Sign languages 3,030 1,570 1,455 620 330 295
American Sign Language 1,305 640 670 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 20 10 15 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 1,700 925 780 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 611,795 284,865 326,935 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 602,610 280,340 322,270 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 275,315 128,090 147,220 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 6,985 3,140 3,840 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 283,735 132,275 151,460 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 855 405 450 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 13,545 6,240 7,300 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 6,300 2,825 3,470 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 15,645 7,235 8,410 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 240 120 120 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 9,185 4,520 4,660 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 1,640 775 865 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 1,730 865 860 770 370 400
Tibetan 5,115 2,530 2,585 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 700 345 350 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 8,485 3,535 4,945 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 5,190 2,480 2,710 800 405 400
Thai 3,270 1,045 2,220 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 25 10 15 20 10 10
Turkic languages 22,615 11,745 10,870 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 1,990 1,070 920 495 275 225
Turkish 18,415 9,610 8,810 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 515 255 260 165 80 85
Uzbek 1,055 515 545 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 640 295 345 165 70 95
Uralic languages 50,670 23,095 27,570 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 4,205 1,810 2,400 455 195 260
Finnish 9,720 4,140 5,580 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 36,740 17,150 19,590 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,475 780 690 365 200 170
Multiple responses 365,910 176,250 189,660 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 54,045 25,165 28,880 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 288,285 140,345 147,940 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 12,565 5,735 6,830 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 11,010 5,000 6,005 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 277,045 129,540 147,500 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 9,210 4,600 4,610 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 8,685 4,370 4,320 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 2,370 1,205 1,165 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 10 5 0 0 0
Naskapi 10 5 5 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 20 10 15 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 105 50 55 0 0 0
Woods Cree 5 5 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 2,220 1,135 1,085 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 6,305 3,155 3,145 10 5 5
Algonquin 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 3,315 1,695 1,620 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 2,905 1,420 1,490 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 75 40 35 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 20 10 10 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 10 10 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 5 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5 0 5 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 160 60 90 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Inuktitut 140 60 80 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 210 90 120 0 0 0
Cayuga 5 5 5 0 0 0
Mohawk 185 80 100 0 0 0
Oneida 20 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 5 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5 0 5 10 5 5
Dakota 5 5 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 120 55 65 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 138,460 66,865 71,590 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 345 175 170 40 20 20
Kabyle 255 125 130 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 90 50 45 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 14,460 6,100 8,360 695 315 380
Bilen 170 80 85 0 0 0
Oromo 805 380 425 80 40 35
Somali 13,370 5,590 7,780 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 110 50 65 5 5 5
Semitic languages 123,410 60,475 62,940 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 5,625 2,540 3,085 535 250 290
Arabic 94,195 46,505 47,695 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 9,515 4,595 4,920 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 2,915 1,410 1,500 305 160 145
Harari 555 250 305 10 5 5
Hebrew 4,850 2,505 2,345 785 400 385
Maltese 1,090 505 580 5 5 0
Tigrigna 3,920 1,805 2,115 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 755 360 395 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 245 115 125 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 50,245 23,105 27,140 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 3,770 1,650 2,120 620 290 330
Vietnamese 46,435 21,435 25,000 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 40 20 20 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 85,370 36,525 48,845 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 90 35 55 70 30 35
Cebuano 2,325 1,020 1,315 1,085 485 600
Fijian 15 10 10 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 910 385 530 355 150 205
Ilocano 4,100 1,780 2,320 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 35 15 20 5 5 0
Malay 1,810 860 945 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 445 200 250 135 65 75
Pangasinan 90 40 50 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 75,070 31,965 43,105 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 90 35 55 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 380 175 200 260 130 130
Creole languages 5,325 2,355 2,970 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 355 165 190 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 3,995 1,735 2,255 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 975 455 520 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 96,250 46,575 49,680 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 1,060 540 520 95 45 50
Malayalam 8,760 4,460 4,295 885 450 435
Tamil 80,600 38,460 42,140 1,935 965 965
Telugu 5,705 3,050 2,655 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 125 55 70 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 200 95 105 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 978,300 469,640 508,670 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 9,190 4,580 4,605 530 255 270
Armenian 8,630 4,065 4,560 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 192,945 90,585 102,365 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 2,305 950 1,355 160 75 90
Latvian 860 350 515 65 30 35
Lithuanian 1,440 600 840 90 45 50
Slavic languages 190,645 89,635 101,005 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 175 80 90 10 5 5
Bosnian 3,220 1,595 1,620 540 270 270
Bulgarian 4,830 2,350 2,480 925 425 495
Croatian 11,125 5,275 5,855 1,795 840 955
Czech 3,070 1,480 1,595 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 6,255 2,965 3,285 120 60 60
Polish 52,555 24,510 28,045 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 63,570 29,655 33,920 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 23,175 11,335 11,840 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 1,925 920 1,010 435 205 235
Slovak 3,520 1,680 1,845 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,465 645 815 60 25 35
Ukrainian 15,415 6,995 8,420 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 355 160 190 25 10 15
Celtic languages 120 65 55 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 60 30 25 15 5 5
Welsh 30 10 15 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 5 0 0
Germanic languages 44,515 21,630 22,880 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 755 365 390 520 250 265
Danish 280 135 150 180 90 90
Dutch 4,450 2,145 2,305 685 325 365
Frisian 90 45 45 5 5 0
German 37,255 18,140 19,120 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 45 20 30 50 25 30
Norwegian 70 30 40 75 35 35
Swedish 385 190 190 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 145 60 85 20 15 5
Yiddish 370 190 185 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 655 315 340 5 5 0
Greek 21,700 10,160 11,535 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 435,835 215,755 220,080 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 344,050 171,125 172,920 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 29,590 14,595 14,995 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 45,445 22,410 23,035 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 28,960 14,485 14,475 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 65 30 35 5 0 0
Konkani 540 260 280 40 15 15
Marathi 2,420 1,230 1,190 245 125 120
Nepali 5,640 2,815 2,820 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 325 160 165 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 132,135 66,410 65,725 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 2,880 1,320 1,560 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 4,595 2,250 2,345 595 290 305
Urdu 91,450 45,160 46,295 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 90,730 44,090 46,640 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 3,675 1,900 1,770 1,025 515 505
Pashto 6,750 3,360 3,395 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 80,305 38,830 41,475 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,050 540 515 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 265,375 122,790 142,585 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 135 60 75 60 30 35
Italian 72,960 31,195 41,770 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 67,415 32,065 35,355 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 19,920 9,380 10,535 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 104,820 50,035 54,785 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 110 50 60 10 5 10
Japanese 6,040 2,590 3,450 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 770 420 355 15 10 10
Georgian 775 420 355 15 10 10
Korean 48,540 22,685 25,855 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 225 115 110 160 80 85
Mongolian 230 120 110 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 12,120 5,400 6,725 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 4,415 1,915 2,495 125 70 55
Bamanankan 25 15 15 5 5 5
Edo 305 120 180 15 5 5
Ewe 135 60 80 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 110 55 55 0 0 0
Ga 175 80 100 5 0 0
Ganda 195 85 110 5 5 5
Igbo 540 265 275 35 20 15
Lingala 225 100 130 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 475 230 240 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 420 160 260 45 15 30
Shona 455 210 245 40 15 20
Swahili 2,085 925 1,160 155 60 90
Wolof 130 65 65 0 0 0
Yoruba 1,300 625 675 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,120 500 625 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 550 260 290 105 50 55
Dinka 120 60 65 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 425 195 225 60 20 40
Sign languages 4,425 2,485 1,940 830 460 370
American Sign Language 1,605 830 770 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 25 15 15 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 2,795 1,640 1,150 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 448,200 210,560 237,640 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 441,615 207,305 234,310 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 198,745 91,545 107,200 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 2,870 1,305 1,575 670 280 390
Mandarin 220,535 105,360 115,175 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 265 115 145 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5,775 2,635 3,140 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 3,690 1,735 1,955 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 9,630 4,565 5,070 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 6,580 3,250 3,330 1,630 820 810
Burmese 1,010 480 530 685 350 335
Karenic languages 1,360 685 675 685 335 350
Tibetan 3,875 1,925 1,945 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 335 165 170 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 3,865 1,845 2,020 1,015 435 580
Lao 2,535 1,220 1,315 335 160 175
Thai 1,315 615 695 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 5 5 5
Turkic languages 12,435 6,200 6,230 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 770 385 380 185 95 90
Turkish 10,545 5,245 5,300 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 290 150 140 100 50 50
Uzbek 585 290 295 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 250 130 120 40 15 25
Uralic languages 15,330 6,990 8,340 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 790 290 500 75 30 45
Finnish 1,835 780 1,050 435 190 240
Hungarian 12,700 5,915 6,790 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 465 245 225 110 50 60
Multiple responses 790,825 379,925 410,905 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 45,655 20,895 24,755 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 719,595 347,730 371,865 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 6,725 2,930 3,795 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 18,855 8,365 10,490 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 896,170 437,015 459,155 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 243,970 108,390 135,580 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 1,056,960 501,315 555,645 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 14,315 6,580 7,735 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 1,042,645 494,735 547,910 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 8,150 3,755 4,395 965 435 530
English and non-official language 19,105 9,370 9,735 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 16,435 7,165 9,270 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 415 205 215 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,539 39,889 28,676 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,641 35,753 26,585 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,871 39,831 27,012 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,206 2,034 5,463 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,946 39,490 29,413 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,915 56,780 39,585 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,318 45,443 33,564 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,890 57,511 38,459 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,346 6,763 7,815 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,369 55,263 39,057 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 55,121 60,345 49,713 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 68,628 76,536 58,676 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.9 92.1 84.7 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.9 76.0 68.7 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.1 7.9 15.3 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 481,500 227,390 254,115 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 95.6 95.7 95.5 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,615,790 711,105 904,685 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 1,410,760 589,975 820,785 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 1,147,510 519,550 627,955 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 1,021,880 489,595 532,285 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 809,115 415,950 393,165 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 630,635 348,525 282,110 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 479,890 277,725 202,165 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 378,185 222,095 156,095 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 324,810 181,815 142,995 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 909,005 616,420 292,585 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 600,995 394,410 206,590 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 308,010 222,010 86,000 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 478,635 227,025 251,610 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 95.7 95.8 95.6 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 1,659,280 722,040 937,235 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 1,623,230 690,290 932,940 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 1,377,100 642,645 734,450 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 1,166,040 585,490 580,555 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 845,305 464,610 380,700 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 604,005 354,015 249,985 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 465,485 268,140 197,345 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 912,490 611,260 301,230 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 299,315 183,410 115,905 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 174,110 116,330 57,785 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 439,070 311,525 127,540 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 70.6 74.8 66.6 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 1,094,860 546,920 547,940 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 635,305 281,135 354,165 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 1,027,910 464,445 563,465 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 827,805 372,185 455,625 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 767,840 351,925 415,910 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 709,775 341,320 368,450 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 588,220 310,155 278,065 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 465,670 263,430 202,240 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 369,085 218,570 150,515 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 1,304,210 848,245 455,970 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 307,660 182,660 125,005 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 280,530 156,440 124,090 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 716,015 509,140 206,875 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 5,169,175 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 74,287 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 65,285 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 1,341,300 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,900 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,219 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 3,827,875 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,967 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,528 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 5,169,175 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 97,856 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 80,322 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 1,341,115 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 49,571 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,830 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 3,828,060 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 114,773 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,157 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 5,169,175 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 86,720 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 70,245 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 134,395 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 185,245 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 200,770 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 189,450 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 202,580 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 207,180 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 206,605 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 202,015 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 388,820 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 363,580 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 335,770 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 309,105 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 282,740 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 1,803,955 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 560,090 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 394,570 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 449,885 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 399,410 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 5,169,175 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 92,220 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 71,480 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 136,550 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 192,920 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 222,605 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 211,440 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 232,755 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 244,335 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 247,645 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 241,965 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 463,170 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 422,695 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 388,720 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 342,330 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 290,720 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 1,367,630 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 539,915 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 334,420 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 493,295 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 3,689,580 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,089 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,531 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 1,280,890 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,459 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,237 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 1,716,115 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,381 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,205 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 584,180 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,363 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,317 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 3,689,080 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 115,328 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,410 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 1,280,580 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 104,425 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 84,952 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 1,717,295 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 140,590 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,144 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 581,945 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,748 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,742 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,818,815 867,175 951,640 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,097 33,925 30,753 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,417 30,678 28,442 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 1,814,575 864,020 950,555 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 44,298 46,765 42,057 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,874 38,228 35,644 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 1,346,645 651,310 695,335 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 1,280,675 581,380 699,290 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 1,237,415 583,840 653,575 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 1,223,510 589,740 633,770 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 1,246,925 610,000 636,930 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 1,279,095 629,635 649,465 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 1,321,220 655,840 665,375 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 1,382,795 691,630 691,165 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 1,464,415 736,030 728,385 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 1,459,465 742,795 716,670 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 835,000 428,025 406,975 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 489,905 251,830 238,080 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 165,140 84,825 80,310 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 1,155,315 538,535 616,780 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 253,755 96,170 157,585 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.4 13.8 15.0 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 18.4 18.5 18.4 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 19.8 19.8 19.7 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 13.7 13.1 14.3 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 12.0 9.9 13.8 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 1,298,590 627,935 670,650 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 304,390 156,575 147,815 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 102,750 52,810 49,935 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 887,640 430,545 457,095 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 106,555 40,815 65,740 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.8 9.7 9.9 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 11.5 11.5 11.4 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 12.3 12.3 12.3 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 10.5 10.5 10.6 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 5.1 4.2 5.8 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 1,521,020 677,505 843,510 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 33,855 15,815 18,035 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 30,630 14,505 16,125 485 200 290
Blackfoot 15 15 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 6,560 3,160 3,395 310 145 165
Atikamekw 10 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Moose Cree 145 70 75 0 0 10
Naskapi 25 10 10 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 65 25 45 0 0 0
Plains Cree 105 50 50 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 605 255 350 20 10 20
Woods Cree 45 25 25 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 5,620 2,760 2,865 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 180 95 85 20 10 0
Malecite 20 20 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 160 75 85 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 23,980 11,285 12,690 140 40 100
Algonquin 205 95 105 15 10 10
Ojibway 16,220 7,600 8,630 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 7,515 3,585 3,935 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 200 105 100 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 85 40 50 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 85 25 65 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 80 25 55 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 10 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 10 0 10 50 10 40
Chilcotin 10 0 10 10 0 0
Dene 45 20 30 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Gwich'in 10 0 10 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 10 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 10 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 840 320 525 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 10 10 0
Inuktitut 730 285 445 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 105 35 70 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 1,940 810 1,125 0 10 10
Cayuga 120 35 85 0 0 0
Mohawk 1,625 710 915 10 10 0
Oneida 180 55 125 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 180 65 110 30 15 15
Salish languages 10 0 10 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 10 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 60 20 45
Siouan languages 40 10 30 30 15 20
Dakota 20 10 10 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 10 0 10 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 10 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 10 0 10 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 10 10 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 10 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 210 100 110 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 362,645 183,050 179,595 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 925 505 415 125 80 45
Kabyle 530 280 255 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 390 225 165 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 34,160 15,155 19,000 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 355 200 160 15 0 15
Oromo 2,075 905 1,175 190 110 80
Somali 31,535 13,925 17,610 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 370 170 205 10 0 10
Semitic languages 330,315 168,750 161,570 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 16,010 7,565 8,445 1,755 905 855
Arabic 246,015 127,015 119,000 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 17,825 8,775 9,050 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 6,185 3,045 3,140 545 270 275
Harari 1,310 660 645 55 35 20
Hebrew 43,255 22,165 21,090 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 7,020 3,455 3,570 165 90 80
Tigrigna 9,385 4,320 5,065 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,985 1,010 975 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 1,125 535 590 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 99,830 46,210 53,620 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 10,045 4,490 5,550 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 90,265 41,965 48,300 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 60 10 50 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 249,435 98,295 151,150 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 755 340 425 495 205 285
Cebuano 9,475 3,650 5,830 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 110 40 65 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 3,110 1,205 1,910 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 15,235 5,940 9,295 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 215 115 100 10 0 0
Malay 9,780 4,500 5,280 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,935 855 1,080 775 350 430
Pangasinan 565 245 320 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 232,935 91,110 141,820 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 410 125 285 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,785 755 1,030 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 30,260 13,525 16,735 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 1,430 605 830 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 19,375 8,480 10,895 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 9,685 4,525 5,155 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 196,315 97,975 98,335 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 5,775 2,930 2,845 445 210 235
Malayalam 22,880 11,535 11,345 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 157,700 77,975 79,730 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 16,315 8,925 7,390 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 495 250 240 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 545 265 280 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 22,375 11,180 11,195 1,135 580 555
Armenian 18,435 8,860 9,575 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 473,565 221,450 252,120 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 10,545 4,495 6,050 635 310 325
Latvian 4,675 2,070 2,610 310 175 140
Lithuanian 5,875 2,430 3,445 325 135 185
Slavic languages 465,170 217,885 247,285 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 1,360 680 680 205 95 110
Bosnian 9,915 4,905 5,010 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 10,410 5,060 5,350 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 46,580 22,880 23,700 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 14,045 6,615 7,430 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 21,505 10,365 11,140 345 180 160
Polish 142,985 65,415 77,575 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 138,735 64,355 74,380 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 53,250 26,725 26,525 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 5,815 2,845 2,965 1,240 595 645
Slovak 12,035 5,550 6,490 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 7,935 3,550 4,390 725 330 400
Ukrainian 54,615 24,125 30,490 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 1,750 935 815 250 120 125
Celtic languages 3,800 1,880 1,920 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 1,480 720 765 350 225 120
Welsh 685 300 390 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 1,650 870 785 685 370 320
Germanic languages 274,305 130,610 143,700 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 7,360 3,625 3,735 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 5,440 2,455 2,980 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 63,410 29,875 33,535 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 1,655 820 835 120 55 65
German 189,035 90,730 98,305 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 285 130 155 215 110 100
Norwegian 2,140 975 1,165 1,405 730 680
Swedish 5,125 2,345 2,785 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 2,275 1,050 1,225 220 125 100
Yiddish 7,175 3,535 3,640 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 3,290 1,645 1,645 75 40 30
Greek 80,690 40,105 40,590 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 915,765 463,175 452,585 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 759,390 384,940 374,450 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 59,685 30,420 29,265 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 103,890 52,380 51,510 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 250,095 127,765 122,335 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 600 300 300 45 25 20
Konkani 5,490 2,515 2,975 375 185 190
Marathi 10,360 5,380 4,980 1,275 650 625
Nepali 10,245 5,115 5,135 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 1,090 515 570 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 282,065 145,050 137,015 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 11,515 5,385 6,130 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 18,555 9,230 9,330 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 231,500 117,305 114,190 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 163,490 81,710 81,785 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 8,795 4,755 4,040 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 15,315 8,145 7,170 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 145,465 72,275 73,190 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 4,665 2,495 2,175 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 880,330 418,225 462,105 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 515 275 240 245 125 120
Italian 333,645 161,190 172,455 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 193,520 93,885 99,635 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 49,635 23,205 26,430 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 337,615 156,040 181,580 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 1,355 745 605 220 130 85
Japanese 25,675 11,535 14,140 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 1,555 775 780 90 50 40
Georgian 1,555 770 785 90 50 45
Korean 79,175 36,930 42,245 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 515 225 285 320 155 170
Mongolian 515 225 285 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 70,570 33,620 36,945 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 15,950 7,520 8,435 495 280 215
Bamanankan 385 195 185 20 10 10
Edo 2,130 930 1,195 115 65 55
Ewe 880 435 445 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 700 320 375 45 10 35
Ga 1,340 645 695 95 60 35
Ganda 1,225 550 675 105 60 45
Igbo 4,025 2,105 1,920 240 140 95
Lingala 4,885 2,165 2,720 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 2,555 1,080 1,475 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 2,220 885 1,330 210 95 115
Shona 2,350 1,055 1,300 265 125 140
Swahili 16,750 8,110 8,640 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 730 355 375 30 15 15
Yoruba 10,495 5,345 5,150 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 11,210 5,255 5,950 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 2,025 1,020 1,010 300 150 150
Dinka 415 220 200 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 1,615 805 810 250 120 135
Sign languages 18,865 7,645 11,220 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 10,220 3,695 6,525 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 235 60 180 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 8,690 4,005 4,680 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 689,145 324,575 364,565 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 679,170 319,635 359,530 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 341,875 159,280 182,600 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 7,865 3,445 4,420 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 385,395 179,890 205,510 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 810 330 480 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 16,980 7,650 9,330 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 8,305 3,860 4,440 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 16,455 7,710 8,745 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 185 95 90 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 10,460 5,200 5,260 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 2,215 1,055 1,165 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 1,820 905 920 905 455 450
Tibetan 5,695 2,845 2,850 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 1,245 645 605 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 11,120 4,945 6,180 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 6,740 3,215 3,520 1,125 505 620
Thai 5,195 2,065 3,135 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 10 10 0
Turkic languages 33,335 17,310 16,025 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 3,260 1,710 1,550 835 455 385
Turkish 27,850 14,510 13,340 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 700 350 345 105 50 55
Uzbek 1,405 700 705 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 915 450 465 225 125 105
Uralic languages 58,370 27,060 31,310 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 4,785 2,155 2,625 495 205 295
Finnish 11,145 4,865 6,280 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 42,545 20,070 22,480 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 3,675 1,950 1,725 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 1,019,095 484,880 534,215 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 1,077,745 507,500 570,240 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 513,995 246,235 267,755 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 834,510 390,315 444,195 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 953,730 446,895 506,835 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 490,560 230,950 259,610 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 463,170 215,945 247,225 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 472,170 223,715 248,450 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 201,200 102,305 98,895 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 369,955 184,255 185,705 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 685,085 345,865 339,225 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 855,475 381,025 474,450 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 1,579,500 741,340 838,160 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 362,130 162,180 199,945 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 598,950 265,930 333,025 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 14,705 6,700 8,010 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 28,815 13,085 15,730 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 20,920 10,165 10,750 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 79,745 35,325 44,420 920 415 500
Haiti 10,195 4,410 5,785 265 110 160
Jamaica 119,840 51,320 68,525 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 30,075 13,895 16,185 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 10,550 4,660 5,895 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 52,810 23,515 29,300 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 109,005 47,170 61,830 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 122,280 55,685 66,600 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 1,144,295 546,250 598,050 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 21,300 10,655 10,645 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 27,330 13,495 13,835 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 13,385 6,310 7,070 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 63,460 29,685 33,775 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 36,575 18,225 18,350 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 22,085 10,495 11,590 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 15,275 7,415 7,860 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 157,815 78,510 79,305 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 47,400 23,910 23,490 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 96,000 43,155 52,845 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 103,025 50,240 52,785 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 42,720 19,720 23,000 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 42,980 18,540 24,440 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 23,695 11,610 12,085 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 39,945 18,150 21,795 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 264,125 125,730 138,390 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 127,190 60,395 66,790 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 226,770 109,585 117,185 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 2,925 1,480 1,450 430 270 150
Egypt 34,510 18,000 16,510 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 15,570 7,230 8,340 1,665 835 825
Kenya 14,940 6,910 8,025 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 5,485 2,690 2,795 730 385 340
Nigeria 20,630 10,285 10,345 1,205 630 575
Somalia 16,970 6,845 10,125 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 19,390 9,545 9,840 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 96,355 46,610 49,745 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 1,869,805 886,570 983,240 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 33,145 16,490 16,655 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 39,410 19,970 19,440 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 317,225 143,705 173,515 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 108,030 50,945 57,090 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 360,540 179,950 180,590 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 86,810 43,445 43,360 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 50,390 25,280 25,115 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 8,145 2,550 5,585 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 57,085 26,660 30,425 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 34,545 18,145 16,405 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 142,265 71,925 70,345 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 231,760 93,730 138,030 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 109,855 53,640 56,215 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 22,680 11,405 11,270 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 17,840 7,775 10,065 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 80,525 36,545 43,985 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 169,555 84,400 85,160 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 12,330 6,330 5,990 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 472,170 223,720 248,450 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 60,700 29,005 31,700 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 3,180 1,505 1,675 960 445 520
Colombia 4,520 2,005 2,520 465 220 240
Cuba 1,950 910 1,045 70 35 30
Haiti 2,575 1,140 1,435 15 0 10
Jamaica 8,935 4,840 4,090 160 115 45
Mexico 5,670 2,745 2,925 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 14,635 7,225 7,405 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 2,460 1,120 1,340 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 16,775 7,510 9,265 1,855 875 975
Europe 45,295 22,250 23,045 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 2,010 1,025 985 790 415 370
Germany 1,695 885 805 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,900 1,185 715 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66