Census Profile, 2016 Census
Saskatchewan [Province] and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

Select a table view
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Saskatchewan

[Province]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Saskatchewan [Province]  Map : Saskatchewan [Province]
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,098,352 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,033,381 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.3 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 495,582 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 432,622 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1.9 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 588,243.54 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,098,350 545,785 552,565 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 215,685 110,410 105,275 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 73,130 37,335 35,795 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 74,460 38,155 36,305 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 68,095 34,920 33,175 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 712,240 358,110 354,130 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 67,660 34,675 32,980 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 70,060 36,075 33,985 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 77,525 39,290 38,235 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 77,520 38,610 38,915 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 71,590 35,940 35,650 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 64,950 32,515 32,440 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 63,580 31,780 31,795 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 75,245 37,230 38,015 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 76,195 38,070 38,125 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 67,915 33,935 33,985 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 170,425 77,265 93,160 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 53,230 26,285 26,945 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 37,740 18,225 19,510 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 29,400 13,415 15,985 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 23,115 9,945 13,170 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 26,940 9,395 17,550 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 16,280 6,305 9,975 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 8,000 2,515 5,485 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 2,290 520 1,760 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 375 50 325 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.6 20.2 19.1 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 64.8 65.6 64.1 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 15.5 14.2 16.9 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.5 1.7 3.2 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 39.1 38.2 40.0 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 37.8 36.9 38.7 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 432,620 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 314,340 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 10,520 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 98,435 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 12,705 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 18,535 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 9,385 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 57,115 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 700 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 9,325 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 432,625 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 121,175 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 153,610 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 60,240 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 56,080 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 41,520 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,070,560 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 882,670 435,375 447,290 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 520,430 261,075 259,355 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 437,875 219,800 218,075 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 82,550 41,270 41,280 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 362,240 174,310 187,930 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 242,070 133,750 108,325 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 19,795 8,945 10,855 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 47,180 20,985 26,200 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 53,190 10,635 42,555 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 302,260 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 157,195 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 58,770 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 54,125 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 32,170 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 302,260 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 252,765 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 211,500 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 41,265 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 49,495 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 38,165 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 11,330 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 252,770 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 129,085 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 123,685 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 45,495 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 49,035 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 29,150 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 49,490 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 28,110 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 13,280 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 8,105 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 187,765 95,550 92,210 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 432,620 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 285,675 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 124,620 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 161,055 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 7,975 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 138,965 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 121,175 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 17,795 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,083,240 539,100 544,130 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 1,023,400 511,940 511,460 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 535 255 280 1,110 530 580
English and French 51,360 23,290 28,065 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 7,945 3,620 4,325 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,083,240 539,105 544,135 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 1,060,225 528,155 532,075 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 13,555 6,590 6,960 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 1,770 890 885 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 7,685 3,475 4,220 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 14,435 7,035 7,405 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,083,240 539,105 544,135 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 1,064,675 530,145 534,530 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 907,715 452,955 454,760 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 892,615 445,635 446,985 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 15,100 7,320 7,775 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 156,960 77,195 79,770 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 28,340 13,685 14,660 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 19,965 9,640 10,325 315 135 180
Blackfoot 10 5 5 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 19,015 9,190 9,825 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 5 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 30 15 10 0 0 0
Plains Cree 2,080 975 1,105 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 5 5 5 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 250 115 135 15 10 5
Woods Cree 780 370 410 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 15,860 7,710 8,155 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 5 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 935 445 490 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 925 440 485 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 10 5 5 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 7,860 3,800 4,060 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 7,860 3,805 4,055 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 7,855 3,800 4,055 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 35 10 20 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 5 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 20 10 15 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 5 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 235 110 125 10 0 5
Salish languages 5 5 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 5 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 5 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 230 110 120 25 10 10
Dakota 195 85 105 20 5 15
Stoney 5 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 5 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 5 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 5 5 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 128,620 63,510 65,110 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 6,770 3,560 3,215 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 10 5 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 5 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 1,050 505 545 1,355 675 680
Bilen 55 25 30 5 0 0
Oromo 195 100 90 165 95 75
Somali 775 355 415 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 10 5 5
Semitic languages 5,685 3,035 2,650 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 290 140 155 1,140 560 585
Arabic 4,040 2,200 1,840 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 305 160 145 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 150 75 75 440 240 195
Harari 5 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 75 45 30 1,770 960 805
Maltese 10 5 5 80 40 40
Tigrigna 680 340 340 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 130 65 60 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 5 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,560 1,250 1,305 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 135 70 70 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 2,420 1,180 1,235 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 23,415 11,130 12,280 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 85 40 40 310 140 170
Cebuano 1,545 685 855 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 25 20 5 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 255 120 140 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 790 370 415 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 125 55 70 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 175 80 95 635 290 345
Pangasinan 40 15 25 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 20,045 9,590 10,455 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 60 30 35 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 265 125 140 830 360 470
Creole languages 220 105 120 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 150 70 80 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 1,560 865 700 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 60 35 30 225 115 110
Malayalam 850 455 395 1,750 905 845
Tamil 350 200 150 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 285 165 120 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 73,170 36,230 36,930 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 380 190 190 1,090 560 530
Armenian 70 40 30 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 18,460 8,490 9,970 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 175 85 90 645 280 370
Latvian 100 45 50 320 145 175
Lithuanian 75 40 35 325 130 200
Slavic languages 18,285 8,400 9,885 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 0 0 0 60 30 30
Bosnian 225 110 120 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 65 35 30 1,725 805 915
Croatian 455 240 220 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 235 115 125 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 55 30 30 250 120 135
Polish 1,865 850 1,015 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 3,045 1,460 1,580 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 465 235 225 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 120 60 65 1,145 545 600
Slovak 115 60 55 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 80 40 45 545 250 290
Ukrainian 11,270 5,035 6,230 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 290 145 145 180 90 90
Celtic languages 60 30 30 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 5 125 65 60
Welsh 30 10 15 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 5 65 40 25
Germanic languages 24,455 11,710 12,745 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 880 450 430 1,435 730 705
Danish 255 145 110 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 1,385 685 700 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 30 20 10 80 30 50
German 21,320 10,150 11,170 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 55 20 25 155 70 80
Norwegian 310 140 165 835 410 430
Swedish 150 60 90 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 60 25 35 200 105 95
Yiddish 25 10 10 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 25 20 15
Greek 935 490 445 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 22,335 12,065 10,270 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 19,995 10,780 9,210 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 2,795 1,495 1,300 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 2,510 1,420 1,090 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 1,545 880 665 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 20 10 10 40 25 15
Konkani 35 15 10 225 110 110
Marathi 140 80 55 535 280 255
Nepali 770 400 370 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 25 10 10 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5,250 2,890 2,360 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 120 65 55 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 270 130 135 1,455 730 725
Urdu 6,520 3,380 3,135 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 2,065 1,130 940 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 145 80 65 1,650 875 780
Pashto 555 315 235 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 1,370 735 635 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 275 155 120 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 6,470 3,225 3,250 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 5 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 705 365 340 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 615 265 350 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 850 425 430 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 4,290 2,165 2,125 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 60 40 25
Japanese 320 100 220 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 5 5 5 65 40 25
Georgian 5 0 5 65 40 25
Korean 1,670 800 865 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 40 20 25 340 145 200
Mongolian 40 20 25 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 2,310 1,235 1,075 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 190 115 75 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 5 10 10 5
Edo 35 20 15 80 45 30
Ewe 50 30 20 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 15 5 20 10 5
Ga 20 15 5 35 15 15
Ganda 35 15 20 65 35 30
Igbo 215 125 90 160 90 65
Lingala 30 20 15 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 145 85 65 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 115 55 60 105 45 55
Shona 90 55 40 150 70 85
Swahili 425 220 205 585 285 295
Wolof 20 10 10 30 10 20
Yoruba 465 240 220 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 430 220 215 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 335 195 140 265 135 135
Dinka 115 70 45 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 220 120 100 190 85 100
Sign languages 200 100 100 620 330 295
American Sign Language 65 35 35 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 135 70 65 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 13,500 6,700 6,795 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 12,460 6,165 6,290 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 3,775 1,830 1,950 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 35 20 15 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 7,230 3,600 3,630 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 210 110 100 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 60 35 25 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,135 570 565 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,040 530 505 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 180 115 65 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 810 395 415 770 370 400
Tibetan 15 5 10 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 525 235 290 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 345 175 170 800 405 400
Thai 180 55 125 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 360 185 175 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 25 10 10 495 275 225
Turkish 290 155 130 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 5 0 5 165 80 85
Uzbek 30 5 15 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 165 70 95
Uralic languages 1,555 735 820 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 20 10 10 455 195 260
Finnish 205 85 120 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 1,330 650 685 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 100 55 45 365 200 170
Multiple responses 18,560 8,955 9,605 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 2,045 985 1,060 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 15,925 7,675 8,245 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 315 150 165 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 280 145 135 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,083,240 539,100 544,130 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 1,049,130 522,390 526,740 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 968,625 481,845 486,780 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 964,640 479,915 484,730 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 3,985 1,930 2,050 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 80,505 40,540 39,960 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 16,605 8,355 8,245 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 10,145 5,185 4,960 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10,000 5,105 4,895 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 1,195 580 610 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 95 40 55 0 0 0
Woods Cree 180 100 85 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 8,525 4,380 4,145 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 140 75 65 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 145 80 70 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 6,360 3,130 3,235 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 6,365 3,130 3,230 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 6,360 3,130 3,230 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 45 20 25 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 50 25 20 10 5 5
Dakota 35 15 10 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 63,905 32,185 31,720 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,625 2,340 2,290 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 5 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 720 335 380 695 315 380
Bilen 30 15 15 0 0 0
Oromo 140 75 70 80 40 35
Somali 530 245 290 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 5 5 5
Semitic languages 3,900 1,995 1,905 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 150 75 70 535 250 290
Arabic 2,890 1,500 1,390 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 225 105 120 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 115 60 55 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 25 10 15 785 400 385
Maltese 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 430 205 220 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 70 40 30 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,740 850 895 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 40 20 25 620 290 330
Vietnamese 1,700 830 865 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 12,515 6,210 6,300 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 15 5 10 70 30 35
Cebuano 580 280 295 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 110 60 50 355 150 205
Ilocano 240 115 120 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 35 20 15 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 70 35 35 135 65 75
Pangasinan 10 5 5 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 11,345 5,630 5,715 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 15 5 5 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 95 50 45 260 130 130
Creole languages 95 35 65 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 5 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 65 25 40 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 35 10 20 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 845 440 410 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 20 10 10 95 45 50
Malayalam 525 265 260 885 450 435
Tamil 155 90 65 1,935 965 965
Telugu 145 75 70 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 31,235 15,915 15,325 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 205 100 100 530 255 270
Armenian 45 25 20 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 5,170 2,560 2,610 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 80 35 45 160 75 90
Latvian 40 20 20 65 30 35
Lithuanian 40 15 25 90 45 50
Slavic languages 5,090 2,525 2,560 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 85 45 40 540 270 270
Bulgarian 35 20 15 925 425 495
Croatian 170 85 85 1,795 840 955
Czech 30 20 15 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 35 15 15 120 60 60
Polish 480 220 255 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 1,725 875 840 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 270 140 130 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 45 20 25 435 205 235
Slovak 30 15 15 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 0 60 25 35
Ukrainian 2,010 985 1,025 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 170 80 90 25 10 15
Celtic languages 10 5 5 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 15 5 5
Welsh 5 0 5 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 8,110 3,990 4,120 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 530 275 250 520 250 265
Danish 10 5 0 180 90 90
Dutch 200 110 95 685 325 365
Frisian 5 0 0 5 5 0
German 7,290 3,565 3,725 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 10 5 10 75 35 35
Swedish 10 5 10 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 5 20 15 5
Yiddish 5 0 5 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 5 5 0
Greek 395 190 205 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 14,385 7,560 6,825 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 12,960 6,820 6,140 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 1,915 980 930 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 1,585 865 720 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 880 490 390 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 5 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 10 5 5 40 15 15
Marathi 55 30 30 245 125 120
Nepali 570 290 275 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,485 1,885 1,605 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 55 25 25 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 140 70 70 595 290 305
Urdu 4,265 2,180 2,080 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 1,280 660 615 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 65 40 30 1,025 515 505
Pashto 345 185 160 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 865 435 430 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 150 80 65 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 2,920 1,480 1,435 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 155 80 75 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 220 100 115 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 315 165 150 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 2,220 1,130 1,085 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 10 5 10
Japanese 120 45 75 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 1,180 590 595 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 25 10 10 160 80 85
Mongolian 25 10 10 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 735 350 380 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 55 30 25 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 10 0 5 15 5 5
Ewe 5 5 5 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 10 10 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 10 5 5 5 5 5
Igbo 40 15 20 35 20 15
Lingala 15 10 10 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 85 45 40 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 35 15 25 45 15 30
Shona 35 25 15 40 15 20
Swahili 200 90 110 155 60 90
Wolof 0 5 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 115 55 55 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 135 65 70 105 50 55
Dinka 65 30 30 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 70 35 40 60 20 40
Sign languages 285 175 105 830 460 370
American Sign Language 50 30 20 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 230 150 85 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 9,700 4,835 4,865 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 8,925 4,450 4,475 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 2,400 1,140 1,265 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 5 0 0 670 280 390
Mandarin 5,645 2,865 2,780 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 80 45 35 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 15 15 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 760 385 380 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 775 380 395 1,630 820 810
Burmese 115 65 55 685 350 335
Karenic languages 640 310 335 685 335 350
Tibetan 10 0 5 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 190 85 105 1,015 435 580
Lao 125 60 60 335 160 175
Thai 70 25 45 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 195 100 95 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 5 5 5 185 95 90
Turkish 170 90 85 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 10 5 10 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 40 15 25
Uralic languages 240 125 120 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 10 0 5 75 30 45
Finnish 15 10 5 435 190 240
Hungarian 215 110 105 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 110 50 60
Multiple responses 34,110 16,720 17,395 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 1,210 575 635 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 32,250 15,810 16,435 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 150 85 70 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 495 250 250 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,083,235 539,100 544,130 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 983,935 490,490 493,450 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 41,920 21,045 20,875 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 9,340 4,085 5,255 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 46,495 22,705 23,785 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 13,490 6,445 7,050 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 33,005 16,265 16,740 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 170 85 85 965 435 530
English and non-official language 860 440 420 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 495 245 255 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 20 5 10 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 857,270 424,245 433,025 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 822,620 407,715 414,905 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,299 46,117 31,978 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 822,745 407,730 415,015 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,570 40,492 29,564 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 750,515 378,290 372,225 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,883 45,587 29,314 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 550,165 236,760 313,405 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,340 4,200 5,870 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 636,955 331,975 304,970 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,612 44,551 30,027 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 857,300 424,265 433,030 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 822,545 407,840 414,705 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 49,409 58,791 40,184 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 822,655 407,855 414,800 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,933 47,453 34,523 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 750,475 378,445 372,035 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,491 58,779 38,026 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 549,500 236,590 312,910 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,734 7,322 8,045 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 636,950 331,745 305,205 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,853 55,728 37,207 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 857,295 424,260 433,030 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 302,780 173,250 129,525 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 55,368 62,070 48,579 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 64,855 72,366 54,808 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.5 92.8 84.8 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 73.2 76.8 68.0 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.5 7.2 15.2 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 857,270 424,245 433,025 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 34,645 16,530 18,120 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 822,620 407,715 414,905 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.0 96.1 95.8 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 105,780 47,325 58,455 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 118,380 46,195 72,180 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 107,890 42,345 65,545 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 95,605 41,315 54,295 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 89,285 42,260 47,025 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 70,395 36,950 33,450 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 53,855 31,055 22,795 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 41,930 25,290 16,645 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 34,305 20,750 13,560 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 26,165 16,100 10,060 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 79,030 58,125 20,905 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 56,160 40,025 16,140 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 22,870 18,100 4,770 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 857,270 424,245 433,025 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 34,520 16,515 18,010 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 822,745 407,730 415,015 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 96.1 95.8 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 108,310 48,150 60,160 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 123,690 48,420 75,275 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 125,285 50,160 75,125 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 119,460 54,365 65,100 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 103,250 52,900 50,350 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 73,855 42,315 31,540 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 53,925 32,645 21,280 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 38,615 23,385 15,235 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 76,345 55,395 20,950 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 24,935 16,370 8,560 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 16,260 11,815 4,445 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 35,155 27,210 7,945 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 857,270 424,245 433,025 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 220,320 92,270 128,055 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 636,950 331,980 304,970 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 74.3 78.3 70.4 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 82,210 38,805 43,410 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 46,620 20,310 26,310 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 77,480 33,900 43,575 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 68,175 29,285 38,885 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 66,120 29,825 36,295 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 61,800 29,930 31,870 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 51,075 27,565 23,510 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 39,805 23,605 16,195 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 32,265 20,015 12,255 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 111,405 78,745 32,665 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 28,240 17,220 11,020 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 21,415 13,645 7,770 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 61,750 47,885 13,870 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 432,625 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 75,412 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 65,784 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 121,175 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,188 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,099 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 311,450 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,530 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,696 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 432,620 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 93,942 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 77,837 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 121,040 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 48,880 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,555 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 311,580 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 111,447 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 92,320 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 432,625 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,930 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,575 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 7,675 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 18,025 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 18,845 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 14,875 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 17,700 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 17,410 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 17,345 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 16,525 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 31,595 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 29,700 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 27,605 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 25,810 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 23,280 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 154,720 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 48,375 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 35,320 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 40,875 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 30,160 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 432,625 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,355 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,680 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 7,860 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 18,625 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 20,275 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 17,325 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 20,700 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 20,990 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 20,395 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 19,790 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 37,680 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 35,255 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 32,575 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 28,995 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 25,545 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 114,570 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 47,890 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 29,680 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 36,995 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 299,345 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,747 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,065 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 122,845 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 87,865 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,765 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 124,285 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 119,530 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 101,656 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 44,110 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,749 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,776 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.9 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 299,455 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 111,031 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,825 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 123,045 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 104,889 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,074 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 124,275 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 135,718 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,601 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 44,125 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,208 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,678 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 161,805 82,400 79,405 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 35,875 40,000 32,247 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,415 35,306 29,777 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 161,560 82,510 79,050 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 45,756 49,739 41,598 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,229 40,766 35,581 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,070,555 533,385 537,175 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 506,055 243,040 263,010 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 111,770 55,530 56,245 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 104,900 46,610 58,285 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 94,035 44,535 49,500 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 96,045 47,015 49,030 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 99,300 49,350 49,950 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 564,505 290,345 274,160 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 104,200 52,705 51,495 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 109,400 55,670 53,725 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 115,215 59,255 55,965 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 121,965 62,875 59,085 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 113,730 59,840 53,885 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,014,605 505,225 509,380 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 230,205 117,925 112,275 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 79,345 40,700 38,645 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 631,280 316,125 315,155 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 153,120 71,180 81,950 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 130,220 60,375 69,845 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 41,010 20,960 20,050 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 15,420 7,850 7,575 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 67,080 31,315 35,765 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 22,130 8,100 14,025 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.8 12.0 13.7 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 17.8 17.8 17.9 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 19.4 19.3 19.6 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 10.6 9.9 11.3 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 14.5 11.4 17.1 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 59,440 29,890 29,545 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 17,870 9,140 8,735 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 7,005 3,540 3,465 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 38,775 19,470 19,305 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 2,795 1,280 1,510 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.9 5.9 5.8 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 7.8 7.8 7.8 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 8.8 8.7 9.0 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 6.1 6.2 6.1 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 1.8 1.8 1.8 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,070,560 533,385 537,175 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 1,062,885 529,920 532,965 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 1,062,275 529,630 532,645 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 51,325 23,600 27,725 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 187,450 91,805 95,645 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 38,110 18,390 19,720 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 28,270 13,675 14,590 485 200 290
Blackfoot 10 10 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 27,065 13,115 13,950 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 40 30 15 0 0 0
Plains Cree 3,665 1,770 1,900 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 470 185 285 20 10 20
Woods Cree 1,260 570 695 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 21,870 10,695 11,175 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 1,310 620 695 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 1,300 610 690 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 10 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 9,120 4,350 4,770 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 9,105 4,345 4,760 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 9,105 4,350 4,755 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 10 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 10 10 0
Haida 10 0 10 60 35 30
Inuit languages 10 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 10 10 10 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 10 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 505 240 260 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 510 255 250 30 15 20
Dakota 415 205 210 15 10 10
Stoney 10 10 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 90 50 45 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 30 15 20 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 149,475 73,470 76,000 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 8,595 4,585 4,015 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 40 35 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 10 10 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 30 25 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 1,305 620 690 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 85 40 45 15 0 15
Oromo 160 70 90 190 110 80
Somali 1,090 520 570 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 7,500 4,075 3,425 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 545 255 290 1,755 905 855
Arabic 5,605 3,165 2,435 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 505 240 265 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 195 95 100 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 470 245 230 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 0 0 0 165 90 80
Tigrigna 705 350 355 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 245 120 125 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 70 35 30 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,315 1,685 1,635 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 210 105 105 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 3,105 1,580 1,525 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 29,705 14,065 15,640 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 90 30 55 495 205 285
Cebuano 2,115 945 1,170 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 20 10 10 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 285 130 150 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 785 365 415 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 10 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 215 95 115 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 265 130 135 775 350 430
Pangasinan 45 25 20 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 28,655 13,575 15,080 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 35 25 10 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 300 145 155 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 495 230 270 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 10 0 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 240 95 145 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 250 125 120 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 2,190 1,205 980 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 115 65 55 445 210 235
Malayalam 1,170 625 540 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 635 345 290 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 435 270 165 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 0 15 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 81,985 40,685 41,300 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 560 275 285 1,135 580 555
Armenian 115 65 45 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 20,395 9,470 10,925 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 225 120 110 635 310 325
Latvian 135 60 70 310 175 140
Lithuanian 95 60 35 325 135 185
Slavic languages 20,265 9,400 10,860 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 20 0 15 205 95 110
Bosnian 325 155 165 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 75 40 35 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 605 355 250 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 300 155 150 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 65 35 35 345 180 160
Polish 2,185 1,040 1,145 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 5,275 2,585 2,690 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 790 410 385 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 80 30 50 1,240 595 645
Slovak 125 85 40 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 105 50 50 725 330 400
Ukrainian 13,090 5,770 7,325 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 345 205 140 250 120 125
Celtic languages 165 105 65 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 55 35 25 350 225 120
Welsh 50 30 20 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 70 45 20 685 370 320
Germanic languages 21,275 10,435 10,840 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 1,455 750 705 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 320 195 125 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 1,510 720 790 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 25 15 15 120 55 65
German 17,390 8,525 8,870 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 70 40 30 215 110 100
Norwegian 415 180 235 1,405 730 680
Swedish 230 95 130 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 80 25 50 220 125 100
Yiddish 75 35 30 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 265 135 125 75 40 30
Greek 1,470 725 745 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 27,395 14,650 12,740 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 25,355 13,530 11,825 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 3,520 1,895 1,620 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 3,320 1,760 1,555 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 8,040 4,480 3,560 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 40 25 20 45 25 20
Konkani 40 30 15 375 185 190
Marathi 185 120 70 1,275 650 625
Nepali 835 435 400 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 25 15 10 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 8,300 4,635 3,665 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 180 105 75 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 355 205 150 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 9,455 4,815 4,635 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 2,285 1,240 1,040 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 145 90 60 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 555 315 240 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 1,630 870 760 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 275 135 140 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 12,660 6,085 6,570 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 10 0 245 125 120
Italian 1,360 670 690 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 885 380 505 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 1,105 525 575 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 9,605 4,635 4,965 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 40 30 10 220 130 85
Japanese 1,205 540 665 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 15 0 15 90 50 40
Georgian 15 0 10 90 50 45
Korean 1,930 850 1,080 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 55 20 30 320 155 170
Mongolian 60 25 30 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 4,125 2,245 1,885 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 355 185 170 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 10 20 10 10
Edo 20 0 20 115 65 55
Ewe 100 45 55 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 60 45 15 45 10 35
Ga 45 25 15 95 60 35
Ganda 20 10 10 105 60 45
Igbo 625 325 300 240 140 95
Lingala 140 70 65 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 280 150 130 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 125 65 55 210 95 115
Shona 150 90 55 265 125 140
Swahili 950 570 380 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 40 25 15 30 15 15
Yoruba 965 470 495 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 815 480 335 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 300 150 145 300 150 150
Dinka 100 65 40 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 195 90 105 250 120 135
Sign languages 1,565 585 985 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 650 215 435 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 915 365 545 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 14,580 7,115 7,470 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 13,630 6,625 7,005 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 4,675 2,245 2,435 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 30 10 20 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 8,995 4,335 4,660 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 260 125 135 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 45 20 30 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,245 620 630 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 960 495 460 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 315 185 130 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 635 310 325 905 455 450
Tibetan 30 15 10 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 70 25 40 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 635 245 385 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 410 170 240 1,125 505 620
Thai 275 105 170 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 640 365 285 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 25 20 10 835 455 385
Turkish 530 310 220 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 60 25 35 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 225 125 105
Uralic languages 1,765 850 915 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 20 15 10 495 205 295
Finnish 360 170 190 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 1,385 670 715 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 340 210 135 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,070,555 533,385 537,175 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 998,035 496,635 501,395 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 237,720 121,535 116,185 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 760,310 375,105 385,210 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 72,525 36,750 35,780 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,070,560 533,385 537,170 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 945,810 470,790 475,025 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 112,490 55,800 56,690 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 16,650 8,190 8,465 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 5,545 2,670 2,875 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 9,315 4,645 4,665 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 33,045 16,410 16,635 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 8,670 4,165 4,505 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 24,370 12,245 12,130 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 47,935 23,880 24,055 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 12,255 6,800 5,455 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 112,495 55,795 56,695 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 12,060 6,100 5,965 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 21,295 11,015 10,280 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 19,295 8,990 10,305 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 50,945 25,060 25,890 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 8,895 4,635 4,260 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 112,490 55,800 56,690 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 10,765 5,010 5,760 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 185 65 120 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 555 275 280 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 630 290 340 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 155 75 85 920 415 500
Haiti 65 45 20 265 110 160
Jamaica 815 425 395 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 1,330 665 665 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 165 60 100 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 210 105 110 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 4,845 2,045 2,800 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 1,805 955 845 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 23,640 11,900 11,740 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 455 215 245 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 445 280 165 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 215 90 125 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 2,575 1,280 1,295 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 605 325 280 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 395 215 180 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 845 490 355 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 570 305 265 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 1,220 585 635 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 1,395 690 705 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 220 105 120 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 695 335 360 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 805 345 460 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 585 305 280 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 3,280 1,630 1,650 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 7,020 3,520 3,505 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 2,320 1,195 1,125 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 10,285 5,360 4,925 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 50 35 15 430 270 150
Egypt 435 230 205 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 635 285 355 1,665 835 825
Kenya 425 225 200 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 180 95 80 730 385 340
Nigeria 1,695 845 855 1,205 630 575
Somalia 635 335 300 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 1,775 920 855 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 4,455 2,390 2,065 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 67,120 33,175 33,945 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 515 230 285 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 2,575 1,365 1,210 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 7,485 3,445 4,035 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 765 370 400 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 9,630 5,190 4,435 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 785 465 325 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 1,175 625 550 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 265 65 200 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,120 475 645 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 255 160 90 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 6,860 3,575 3,280 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 26,860 12,655 14,210 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 440 235 205 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,155 610 550 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 180 80 100 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 2,615 1,340 1,280 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 4,425 2,290 2,140 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 675 350 325 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 47,935 23,880 24,055 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 2,320 1,090 1,230 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 45 10 35 960 445 520
Colombia 115 55 65 465 220 240
Cuba 35 20 15 70 35 30
Haiti 10 10 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 405 230 180 160 115 45
Mexico 435 215 225 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 745 330 420 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 35 10 30 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 490 220 270 1,855 875 975
Europe 4,855 2,405 2,455 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 50 15 45 790 415 370
Germany 190 105 80 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 525 315 205 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 100 50 50 200 110 90
Romania 95 35