Census Profile, 2016 Census
Central Nova [Federal electoral district], Nova Scotia and Nova Scotia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Central Nova
Nova Scotia
[Federal electoral district]
Nova Scotia

[Province]
Data quality , Central Nova [Federal electoral district], Nova Scotia  Map : Central Nova [Federal electoral district], Nova Scotia Data quality : Nova Scotia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 71,962  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 923,598  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 74,597  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 921,727  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -3.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 0.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 38,651  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 458,568  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 31,579  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 7.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 9,307.83  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,942.27  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 71,960 34,920 37,040 923,600 446,885 476,715
0 to 14 years 10,345 5,295 5,050 133,825 68,370 65,455
0 to 4 years 3,165 1,625 1,540 42,005 21,365 20,640
5 to 9 years 3,595 1,805 1,790 45,980 23,650 22,330
10 to 14 years 3,590 1,865 1,720 45,845 23,350 22,490
15 to 64 years 45,235 22,110 23,130 605,950 295,100 310,845
15 to 19 years 4,000 2,040 1,960 51,255 26,240 25,015
20 to 24 years 3,575 1,835 1,740 56,160 28,150 28,010
25 to 29 years 3,135 1,565 1,570 53,725 26,790 26,940
30 to 34 years 3,375 1,620 1,755 51,730 25,130 26,600
35 to 39 years 3,820 1,860 1,960 52,010 24,560 27,450
40 to 44 years 4,295 2,040 2,250 57,050 27,245 29,805
45 to 49 years 4,665 2,235 2,435 61,890 29,720 32,170
50 to 54 years 5,820 2,845 2,980 75,675 36,615 39,065
55 to 59 years 6,335 3,050 3,280 76,505 36,925 39,580
60 to 64 years 6,215 3,015 3,200 69,960 33,735 36,225
65 years and over 16,380 7,520 8,860 183,820 83,415 100,405
65 to 69 years 5,780 2,815 2,970 63,710 30,810 32,905
70 to 74 years 4,035 2,020 2,010 45,005 21,520 23,485
75 to 79 years 2,760 1,290 1,470 31,545 14,520 17,030
80 to 84 years 1,850 775 1,075 21,915 9,425 12,495
85 years and over 1,945 620 1,325 21,645 7,140 14,505
85 to 89 years 1,220 430 790 13,205 4,845 8,360
90 to 94 years 530 145 390 6,320 1,830 4,485
95 to 99 years 165 35 130 1,855 415 1,430
100 years and over 30 10 20 270 45 225
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.4 15.2 13.6 14.5 15.3 13.7
15 to 64 years 62.9 63.3 62.4 65.6 66.0 65.2
65 years and over 22.8 21.5 23.9 19.9 18.7 21.1
85 years and over 2.7 1.8 3.6 2.3 1.6 3.0
Average age of the population 45.2 44.2 46.2 43.5 42.5 44.4
Median age of the population 48.7 47.8 49.6 45.5 44.5 46.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 31,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 24,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 263,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 35  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 5,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 102,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 45  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 2,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,870  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 31,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 9,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 118,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 12,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 156,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 4,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 3,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 1,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 70,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 908,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 61,615 29,630 31,985 789,770 378,515 411,255
Married or living common law 36,290 18,135 18,155 454,970 227,220 227,750
Married 30,175 15,100 15,080 369,695 184,705 184,990
Living common law 6,115 3,040 3,075 85,275 42,515 42,760
Not married and not living common law 25,330 11,490 13,830 334,800 151,295 183,505
Never married 14,860 8,010 6,850 209,455 110,175 99,280
Separated 1,960 890 1,070 24,105 10,450 13,655
Divorced 3,815 1,630 2,185 48,835 19,715 29,115
Widowed 4,695 965 3,730 52,405 10,955 41,455
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 21,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 270,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 12,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 157,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 4,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 3,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 1,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 21,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 270,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 17,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 224,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 14,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 181,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 3,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 3,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 2,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 17,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 224,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 10,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 128,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 7,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 95,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 3,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 2,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 1,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 3,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 2,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 12,620 5,705 6,920 175,575 81,140 94,435
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 31,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 20,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 260,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 10,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 124,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 10,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 10,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 9,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 118,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 70,750 34,470 36,285 912,300 442,470 469,830
English only 66,645 32,795 33,855 813,480 398,950 414,530
French only 10 5 5 705 305 400
English and French 4,030 1,630 2,400 95,380 41,925 53,460
Neither English nor French 65 35 25 2,735 1,295 1,440
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 70,750 34,470 36,285 912,295 442,470 469,830
English 69,945 34,090 35,855 879,465 426,535 452,930
French 705 325 380 28,490 13,890 14,600
English and French 50 20 25 1,760 825 930
Neither English nor French 60 35 25 2,585 1,215 1,365
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 725 330 395 29,370 14,300 15,070
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.0 1.0 1.1 3.2 3.2 3.2
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 70,750 34,470 36,285 912,295 442,470 469,830
Single responses 70,455 34,315 36,140 904,240 438,550 465,690
Official languages 68,890 33,575 35,320 859,690 416,245 443,445
English 68,100 33,215 34,890 830,220 401,980 428,240
French 790 360 430 29,465 14,265 15,205
Non-official languages 1,565 740 825 44,550 22,305 22,245
Aboriginal languages 200 90 110 4,290 2,020 2,270
Algonquian languages 195 90 105 4,210 1,985 2,225
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 195 85 105 4,190 1,975 2,215
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 5
Mi'kmaq 195 85 105 4,185 1,970 2,215
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 0 10
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 5 5 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 5 5 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 10 0 5 55 30 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,360 650 710 40,260 20,285 19,975
Afro-Asiatic languages 95 50 40 7,760 4,275 3,480
Berber languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 5 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 130 65 65
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 60 30 25
Somali 0 0 0 50 20 30
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Semitic languages 95 50 40 7,615 4,205 3,415
Amharic 5 0 5 115 50 65
Arabic 90 50 40 7,110 3,950 3,165
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5 5 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 5
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 5 0 0 210 115 95
Maltese 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tigrigna 0 0 0 140 65 80
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 15 5 5 505 245 260
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Vietnamese 10 10 5 490 240 250
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 160 65 90 2,235 940 1,300
Bikol 0 0 0 5 5 5
Cebuano 10 5 5 150 60 90
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 25 10 15
Ilocano 5 5 0 55 15 40
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 5 0
Malay 10 5 5 55 25 35
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 15 5 5
Pangasinan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 130 50 75 1,905 810 1,090
Waray-Waray 5 0 0 5 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 10 15
Creole languages 5 0 0 95 60 35
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 55 35 20
Dravidian languages 25 10 10 1,010 595 420
Kannada 0 5 0 40 20 15
Malayalam 5 0 5 365 205 165
Tamil 10 5 10 315 185 130
Telugu 5 0 0 285 180 110
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 845 415 435 18,590 9,320 9,270
Albanian 0 0 0 275 130 140
Armenian 0 5 0 35 30 10
Balto-Slavic languages 80 25 50 3,470 1,645 1,830
Baltic languages 5 5 10 100 35 60
Latvian 10 5 5 50 20 30
Lithuanian 0 0 0 45 15 30
Slavic languages 70 25 50 3,375 1,610 1,765
Belarusan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 120 60 65
Bulgarian 0 0 0 55 25 30
Croatian 5 0 5 225 105 115
Czech 5 5 0 205 105 100
Macedonian 0 0 0 20 10 15
Polish 15 5 20 795 365 435
Russian 20 5 15 1,285 615 670
Serbian 0 0 0 115 60 65
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 80 40 40
Slovak 5 5 0 100 45 55
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 5 0 35 15 15
Ukrainian 10 5 10 320 155 170
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Celtic languages 15 5 5 185 80 100
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 5 145 65 85
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Germanic languages 490 240 245 5,700 2,800 2,900
Afrikaans 0 0 5 120 55 60
Danish 15 10 5 160 105 60
Dutch 210 105 105 1,620 815 805
Frisian 5 5 0 35 20 15
German 235 110 125 3,435 1,645 1,790
Icelandic 5 0 0 45 20 20
Norwegian 0 5 0 110 60 50
Swedish 5 5 5 110 45 65
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Yiddish 0 0 0 20 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 20 5 15
Greek 25 10 10 760 390 365
Indo-Iranian languages 95 50 45 4,835 2,650 2,190
Indo-Aryan languages 75 40 35 3,385 1,895 1,490
Bengali 15 10 0 475 290 185
Gujarati 5 5 0 195 125 70
Hindi 25 10 15 745 445 300
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 5 5 5
Marathi 5 0 0 70 35 35
Nepali 0 0 0 530 255 275
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 20 10 5 585 310 270
Sindhi 0 0 0 20 10 5
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 165 85 85
Urdu 15 10 5 575 330 245
Iranian languages 20 10 10 1,425 740 690
Kurdish 0 0 0 115 65 50
Pashto 0 0 0 80 45 35
Persian (Farsi) 20 10 10 1,230 630 605
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Italic (Romance) languages 135 70 70 3,335 1,605 1,730
Catalan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Italian 35 20 15 745 400 340
Portuguese 25 10 15 520 245 270
Romanian 10 5 10 225 110 120
Spanish 70 35 30 1,830 840 985
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Japanese 15 5 5 360 100 260
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 5 0 0
Korean 25 15 10 1,095 475 620
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Niger-Congo languages 30 20 15 630 325 305
Akan (Twi) 5 0 0 40 25 25
Bamanankan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ewe 5 5 0 40 25 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ga 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ganda 0 0 5 20 5 15
Igbo 0 5 0 45 20 20
Lingala 0 0 0 5 0 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 50 15 30
Shona 0 0 0 30 15 15
Swahili 10 5 5 135 65 70
Wolof 0 0 0 10 10 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 65 35 30
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 140 75 70
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 75 40 40
Dinka 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 25 25
Sign languages 5 0 0 190 90 100
American Sign Language 0 0 0 85 40 50
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 105 50 55
Sino-Tibetan languages 115 50 70 6,665 3,335 3,330
Chinese languages 120 45 70 6,635 3,320 3,315
Cantonese 25 10 15 1,145 535 610
Hakka 0 0 0 20 5 15
Mandarin 60 20 35 4,640 2,325 2,315
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 0 120 50 70
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Chinese, n.o.s. 30 15 15 645 365 280
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Burmese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 10 155 55 100
Lao 0 0 0 10 0 5
Thai 10 0 10 150 50 100
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 10 5 5 445 240 205
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 10 10 5
Turkish 10 5 5 305 165 140
Uyghur 0 0 0 5 5 5
Uzbek 0 0 0 110 60 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Uralic languages 10 5 5 415 180 235
Estonian 0 0 0 40 20 25
Finnish 5 0 0 95 30 60
Hungarian 5 0 5 275 130 150
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Multiple responses 295 150 145 8,060 3,920 4,140
English and French 125 65 60 3,445 1,600 1,850
English and non-official language 150 75 80 4,180 2,110 2,070
French and non-official language 10 5 5 225 115 105
English, French and non-official language 15 5 10 210 90 120
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 70,750 34,465 36,285 912,300 442,470 469,830
Single responses 70,340 34,280 36,060 900,755 436,755 464,000
Official languages 69,825 34,035 35,790 878,015 425,220 452,795
English 69,680 33,960 35,725 863,550 418,315 445,240
French 140 75 70 14,460 6,910 7,560
Non-official languages 515 240 275 22,740 11,540 11,205
Aboriginal languages 45 20 30 2,570 1,285 1,295
Algonquian languages 45 20 25 2,565 1,280 1,285
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 45 15 25 2,560 1,280 1,280
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 45 20 25 2,560 1,275 1,280
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 5 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 470 220 245 20,170 10,255 9,915
Afro-Asiatic languages 60 30 30 4,630 2,450 2,180
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 5
Oromo 0 0 0 45 20 25
Somali 0 0 0 25 10 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 5
Semitic languages 60 30 35 4,540 2,405 2,130
Amharic 0 0 0 55 25 30
Arabic 60 30 30 4,260 2,270 1,990
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 125 70 55
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 95 40 55
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 10 10 5 330 160 165
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vietnamese 10 10 5 330 165 170
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 85 40 45 1,140 550 585
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 0 0 0 55 20 35
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 5 5 5
Ilocano 0 0 0 15 5 5
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0 0 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 85 35 45 1,065 520 545
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 5 0 35 20 20
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 25 10 15
Dravidian languages 5 5 0 425 240 185
Kannada 0 0 0 15 5 10
Malayalam 0 0 0 140 75 60
Tamil 5 0 5 140 80 60
Telugu 0 0 0 125 80 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 195 95 100 7,410 3,715 3,690
Albanian 0 0 0 110 60 55
Armenian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Balto-Slavic languages 15 5 5 1,405 680 720
Baltic languages 0 0 5 30 10 15
Latvian 5 0 0 10 5 10
Lithuanian 0 0 0 15 5 10
Slavic languages 10 5 10 1,375 675 700
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Bulgarian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Croatian 0 0 0 65 25 40
Czech 0 0 0 45 25 20
Macedonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Polish 5 0 5 235 105 125
Russian 10 5 0 785 385 390
Serbian 0 0 0 60 25 35
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 30 15 10
Slovak 0 0 0 20 10 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ukrainian 0 0 0 55 30 20
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Celtic languages 5 0 0 60 35 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 5 60 35 30
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 80 35 45 1,490 725 760
Afrikaans 0 0 0 30 15 15
Danish 5 0 0 15 0 15
Dutch 15 5 10 135 70 70
Frisian 0 0 0 5 0 0
German 60 30 35 1,225 600 625
Icelandic 0 0 0 30 10 15
Norwegian 0 0 0 20 5 10
Swedish 0 0 0 15 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Greek 10 0 5 270 135 130
Indo-Iranian languages 35 20 20 2,815 1,475 1,335
Indo-Aryan languages 20 10 10 1,850 995 860
Bengali 0 0 0 250 135 115
Gujarati 0 0 0 100 60 35
Hindi 10 5 5 310 190 120
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 5 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0 30 15 15
Nepali 0 0 0 475 235 240
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 10 5 5 250 125 125
Sindhi 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 95 45 50
Urdu 0 0 5 340 175 165
Iranian languages 15 5 5 960 475 480
Kurdish 0 0 0 85 50 40
Pashto 0 0 0 45 20 20
Persian (Farsi) 15 5 5 825 405 420
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Italic (Romance) languages 55 35 25 1,240 595 645
Catalan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Italian 5 5 5 165 70 85
Portuguese 5 5 5 195 90 105
Romanian 5 5 5 70 35 35
Spanish 40 20 15 810 390 420
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0 110 35 70
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 20 10 5 710 330 385
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 5 5 0 165 80 85
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 15 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 0 5
Igbo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Lingala 0 0 0 0 5 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Shona 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swahili 5 5 5 60 30 35
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 20 10 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 35 20 20
Dinka 0 0 0 10 5 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Sign languages 10 0 5 285 145 140
American Sign Language 0 0 0 110 55 60
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 175 90 80
Sino-Tibetan languages 65 30 40 4,550 2,345 2,200
Chinese languages 65 30 35 4,545 2,345 2,200
Cantonese 15 5 10 640 335 310
Hakka 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mandarin 30 15 15 3,410 1,740 1,675
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 5 45 25 25
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 10 10 415 235 180
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages 5 0 0 55 20 35
Lao 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0 55 15 35
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 5 215 110 105
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 5 5 0
Turkish 5 0 5 140 70 75
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 70 40 30
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Uralic languages 0 0 0 75 35 40
Estonian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Finnish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Hungarian 0 0 0 55 25 30
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Multiple responses 410 190 220 11,540 5,715 5,825
English and French 60 25 30 2,180 995 1,185
English and non-official language 345 160 185 8,970 4,515 4,450
French and non-official language 0 0 0 75 40 30
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 315 155 160
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 70,750 34,465 36,285 912,295 442,470 469,825
None 69,140 33,735 35,405 861,780 418,525 443,260
English 305 150 160 17,005 8,480 8,525
French 570 245 325 16,390 7,210 9,175
Non-official language 705 320 385 16,275 7,850 8,420
Aboriginal 120 55 65 2,135 930 1,205
Non-Aboriginal 585 265 320 14,135 6,920 7,220
English and French 0 0 0 150 70 80
English and non-official language 0 0 0 220 105 115
French and non-official language 25 20 10 470 230 245
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 5 5 0
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 60,315 29,130 31,190 774,750 372,455 402,290
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 57,930 28,030 29,900 744,260 358,055 386,205
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,021 37,646 25,657 31,813 38,379 26,750
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 57,950 28,030 29,920 744,545 358,085 386,455
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,985 32,981 23,773 28,627 33,642 24,590
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 49,905 24,725 25,185 648,960 320,380 328,580
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,029 34,595 22,580 29,938 36,363 24,497
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 44,840 20,300 24,540 554,985 243,860 311,130
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,632 9,715 8,009 7,438 8,175 6,961
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 39,680 20,290 19,390 523,020 264,375 258,645
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,980 33,500 23,623 29,979 35,676 25,405
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 60,295 29,070 31,225 774,750 372,455 402,295
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 58,000 27,875 30,125 744,275 357,820 386,455
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,312 49,087 32,190 41,479 49,413 34,132
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 58,005 27,880 30,125 744,560 357,855 386,710
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,379 39,604 27,618 34,175 39,776 28,993
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 49,985 24,605 25,385 648,910 320,370 328,540
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,452 47,560 29,625 40,299 48,457 32,345
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 44,985 20,285 24,695 555,740 243,445 312,295
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 9,247 9,777 8,811 8,495 8,859 8,211
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 39,690 20,080 19,600 523,020 264,475 258,545
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,403 44,945 29,677 39,522 46,606 32,275
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 60,295 29,070 31,225 774,750 372,455 402,295
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 17,115 8,980 8,130 245,425 131,095 114,325
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 47,105 54,268 40,667 47,665 53,785 42,236
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 55,998 64,715 46,372 56,820 63,886 48,717
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 81.9 85.1 77.5 84.6 87.7 80.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 63.2 65.8 59.7 66.9 69.7 63.3
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 18.1 14.9 22.5 15.4 12.3 19.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 60,320 29,125 31,190 774,750 372,455 402,295
Without total income 2,390 1,100 1,290 30,485 14,395 16,090
With total income 57,935 28,025 29,900 744,265 358,060 386,205
Percentage with total income 96.0 96.2 95.9 96.1 96.1 96.0
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,025 3,255 4,770 104,125 43,575 60,545
$10,000 to $19,999 10,795 4,040 6,755 134,355 50,310 84,050
$20,000 to $29,999 9,310 3,875 5,435 114,855 47,195 67,660
$30,000 to $39,999 7,950 3,690 4,260 98,325 45,040 53,280
$40,000 to $49,999 6,330 3,175 3,155 79,435 39,605 39,830
$50,000 to $59,999 4,515 2,615 1,895 57,255 32,255 25,000
$60,000 to $69,999 3,000 1,950 1,050 41,715 25,830 15,885
$70,000 to $79,999 2,315 1,435 880 33,195 19,945 13,250
$80,000 to $89,999 1,760 1,025 735 25,500 14,900 10,605
$90,000 to $99,999 1,075 720 355 15,530 10,095 5,435
$100,000 and over 2,855 2,245 610 39,965 29,300 10,665
$100,000 to $149,999 2,015 1,570 450 28,130 20,205 7,925
$150,000 and over 835 680 160 11,835 9,095 2,745
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 60,315 29,125 31,190 774,750 372,455 402,295
Without after-tax income 2,370 1,095 1,270 30,205 14,370 15,840
With after-tax income 57,950 28,035 29,915 744,540 358,085 386,455
Percentage with after-tax income 96.1 96.3 95.9 96.1 96.1 96.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,355 3,315 5,035 108,630 44,435 64,195
$10,000 to $19,999 11,505 4,360 7,145 142,975 54,160 88,815
$20,000 to $29,999 11,235 4,825 6,415 138,435 58,900 79,535
$30,000 to $39,999 9,565 4,605 4,960 119,130 56,990 62,145
$40,000 to $49,999 6,640 3,815 2,820 84,245 46,675 37,565
$50,000 to $59,999 4,055 2,600 1,455 56,235 34,590 21,645
$60,000 to $69,999 2,660 1,580 1,080 39,320 23,195 16,125
$70,000 to $79,999 1,510 1,025 485 21,210 13,950 7,260
$80,000 and over 2,420 1,905 520 34,360 25,185 9,170
$80,000 to $89,999 815 625 190 11,615 8,185 3,430
$90,000 to $99,999 500 390 105 6,825 4,950 1,875
$100,000 and over 1,110 885 225 15,915 12,050 3,860
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 60,315 29,125 31,195 774,745 372,455 402,295
Without employment income 20,640 8,840 11,800 251,730 108,080 143,650
With employment income 39,680 20,290 19,390 523,020 264,370 258,640
Percentage with employment income 65.8 69.7 62.2 67.5 71.0 64.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 6,445 3,160 3,280 72,940 34,125 38,820
$5,000 to $9,999 3,605 1,560 2,050 45,820 19,475 26,350
$10,000 to $19,999 5,815 2,530 3,285 76,685 33,555 43,130
$20,000 to $29,999 4,930 2,180 2,755 66,155 29,385 36,770
$30,000 to $39,999 4,640 2,030 2,605 60,485 27,455 33,035
$40,000 to $49,999 3,640 1,795 1,845 49,395 24,470 24,925
$50,000 to $59,999 2,830 1,720 1,110 37,685 21,735 15,955
$60,000 to $69,999 1,895 1,275 620 28,695 17,955 10,740
$70,000 to $79,999 1,690 1,035 660 24,970 14,750 10,220
$80,000 and over 4,190 3,005 1,190 60,175 41,470 18,705
$80,000 to $89,999 1,380 795 585 20,175 11,645 8,535
$90,000 to $99,999 760 525 240 11,685 7,975 3,715
$100,000 and over 2,050 1,685 365 28,310 21,850 6,460
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 31,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 58,286  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 51,192  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,129  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 9,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 118,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 27,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30,377  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 25,569  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,511  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 22,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 283,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,736  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,136  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 64,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,538  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 31,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 74,073  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,797  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,338  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 63,299  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 9,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 118,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,858  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 39,601  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,696  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,962  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 22,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 283,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 89,798  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,383  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,208  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,011  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 31,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 7,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 975  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 31,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 4,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 64,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 1,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 21,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 269,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,849  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,529  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 64,746  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 10,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,939  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 60,084  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,883  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 7,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 101,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,981  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 85,587  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,099  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,597  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 42,051  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 21,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 269,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 90,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,027  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,354  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,371  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 9,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 84,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,511  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,418  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,143  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 7,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,334  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 119,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 93,824  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,021  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,587  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 11,390 5,210 6,180 157,715 73,825 83,890
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,836 29,743 24,892 28,180 30,235 26,673
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 24,823 27,008 23,781 25,848 27,176 24,859
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 11,495 5,170 6,325 157,410 73,440 83,970
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,254 40,116 33,095 36,847 38,945 35,012
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 30,471 32,732 28,622 30,893 31,946 29,973
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 70,645 34,420 36,225 908,340 440,700 467,640
In the bottom half of the distribution 41,955 19,785 22,170 519,830 244,725 275,105
In the bottom decile 7,350 3,455 3,895 105,810 49,730 56,080
In the second decile 9,770 4,315 5,450 112,825 49,900 62,920
In the third decile 8,640 4,115 4,525 102,515 48,345 54,175
In the fourth decile 8,270 4,020 4,255 100,645 48,515 52,130
In the fifth decile 7,925 3,875 4,050 98,030 48,235 49,800
In the top half of the distribution 28,690 14,630 14,055 388,510 195,975 192,540
In the sixth decile 7,420 3,755 3,665 94,350 47,240 47,110
In the seventh decile 6,975 3,520 3,465 89,765 45,260 44,505
In the eighth decile 5,955 3,065 2,890 83,140 41,815 41,330
In the ninth decile 4,995 2,560 2,440 69,850 35,450 34,400
In the top decile 3,340 1,735 1,605 51,410 26,210 25,195
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 70,115 34,150 35,965 898,345 435,895 462,450
0 to 17 years 12,530 6,420 6,110 159,820 81,670 78,150
0 to 5 years 3,770 1,940 1,825 49,595 25,280 24,310
18 to 64 years 42,180 20,510 21,665 565,395 274,120 291,275
65 years and over 15,405 7,220 8,185 173,125 80,100 93,025
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 12,295 5,585 6,710 154,955 70,415 84,540
0 to 17 years 2,790 1,445 1,350 35,525 18,145 17,380
0 to 5 years 985 515 470 12,740 6,470 6,275
18 to 64 years 6,550 3,015 3,535 88,355 40,375 47,985
65 years and over 2,955 1,120 1,830 31,075 11,890 19,185
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 17.5 16.4 18.7 17.2 16.2 18.3
0 to 17 years (%) 22.3 22.5 22.1 22.2 22.2 22.2
0 to 5 years (%) 26.1 26.5 25.8 25.7 25.6 25.8
18 to 64 years (%) 15.5 14.7 16.3 15.6 14.7 16.5
65 years and over (%) 19.2 15.5 22.4 17.9 14.8 20.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 4,205 2,045 2,165 70,745 34,290 36,460
0 to 17 years 915 445 470 15,285 7,805 7,485
0 to 5 years 315 150 160 5,645 2,870 2,775
18 to 64 years 3,080 1,510 1,575 52,220 25,185 27,030
65 years and over 205 90 120 3,240 1,295 1,945
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.0 6.0 6.0 7.9 7.9 7.9
0 to 17 years (%) 7.3 6.9 7.7 9.6 9.6 9.6
0 to 5 years (%) 8.4 7.7 8.8 11.4 11.4 11.4
18 to 64 years (%) 7.3 7.4 7.3 9.2 9.2 9.3
65 years and over (%) 1.3 1.2 1.5 1.9 1.6 2.1
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 70,575 34,330 36,245 908,340 440,730 467,605
Official languages 70,525 34,300 36,225 905,700 439,525 466,180
English 70,510 34,290 36,220 905,020 439,215 465,805
French 3,980 1,595 2,380 95,740 42,150 53,585
Non-official languages 2,395 1,145 1,255 64,100 31,380 32,725
Aboriginal languages 225 95 135 5,645 2,685 2,960
Algonquian languages 210 90 125 5,575 2,635 2,935
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 20 15 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 210 90 125 5,550 2,625 2,920
Malecite 0 0 0 10 0 10
Mi'kmaq 210 85 125 5,540 2,625 2,920
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 0 10
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 15 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 10 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 15 10 10 35 25 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 0 10 30 15 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,175 1,050 1,125 58,490 28,715 29,770
Afro-Asiatic languages 65 40 25 10,730 5,745 4,985
Berber languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kabyle 0 0 0 25 15 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 155 65 95
Bilen 0 0 0 20 15 10
Oromo 0 0 0 40 15 20
Somali 0 0 0 75 25 55
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Semitic languages 65 35 25 10,635 5,715 4,925
Amharic 0 0 0 260 135 120
Arabic 60 35 25 9,685 5,185 4,500
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 10 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 630 370 260
Maltese 0 0 0 25 0 25
Tigrigna 0 0 0 140 65 70
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 40 20 20
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 15 10 0 575 260 310
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Vietnamese 15 15 0 555 255 300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 170 85 85 3,035 1,275 1,760
Bikol 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cebuano 45 20 30 185 80 100
Fijian 0 0 0 10 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 45 20 30
Ilocano 0 0 0 70 20 55
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 10 10 0 80 25 60
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 130 65 70 2,835 1,195 1,635
Waray-Waray 10 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 35 15 20
Creole languages 40 15 30 360 185 175
Haitian Creole 10 0 10 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 15 15 0 120 60 65
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 0 20 210 115 100
Dravidian languages 40 20 20 1,365 785 580
Kannada 10 0 0 75 45 35
Malayalam 0 0 0 560 310 250
Tamil 25 15 15 450 260 190
Telugu 10 10 10 350 215 135
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 1,460 755 710 30,820 15,070 15,755
Albanian 0 0 0 405 185 215
Armenian 0 0 0 80 45 30
Balto-Slavic languages 120 70 45 4,095 1,935 2,160
Baltic languages 0 0 0 110 35 80
Latvian 0 0 0 50 15 35
Lithuanian 0 0 0 55 15 40
Slavic languages 120 70 45 4,010 1,910 2,105
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 0 10
Bosnian 0 10 0 145 60 80
Bulgarian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Croatian 10 10 10 275 105 165
Czech 10 10 0 210 95 110
Macedonian 0 0 0 90 55 30
Polish 15 10 15 900 410 490
Russian 50 35 15 1,945 970 970
Serbian 0 0 0 180 85 95
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 115 70 50
Slovak 15 10 10 145 70 75
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 35 10 20
Ukrainian 20 10 15 425 180 245
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 155 75 85 1,070 495 580
Scottish Gaelic 155 70 85 910 400 505
Welsh 10 0 0 35 25 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 80 75
Germanic languages 620 300 315 9,225 4,490 4,740
Afrikaans 0 0 0 320 140 175
Danish 15 10 10 235 125 110
Dutch 220 95 125 2,105 935 1,165
Frisian 10 10 0 60 30 30
German 360 185 175 6,335 3,180 3,155
Icelandic 0 0 0 100 40 60
Norwegian 10 10 0 150 105 40
Swedish 10 0 10 245 115 130
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 10 15
Yiddish 0 0 0 30 15 15
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 125 45 85
Greek 25 20 10 1,315 670 645
Indo-Iranian languages 250 140 110 6,535 3,635 2,900
Indo-Aryan languages 190 110 75 4,935 2,790 2,140
Bengali 35 25 10 625 350 275
Gujarati 15 10 0 240 150 90
Hindi 80 45 35 2,270 1,300 975
Kashmiri 0 0 0 15 0 10
Konkani 0 0 0 15 15 0
Marathi 0 0 0 135 85 45
Nepali 0 0 0 620 315 305
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 20 10 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 30 20 10 1,010 570 445
Sindhi 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 0 0 245 125 120
Urdu 45 25 20 1,090 660 425
Iranian languages 65 30 35 1,625 865 755
Kurdish 0 0 0 185 110 75
Pashto 0 0 0 85 55 30
Persian (Farsi) 65 30 35 1,385 725 660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 75 40 35
Italic (Romance) languages 360 185 180 9,365 4,270 5,100
Catalan 0 0 0 15 10 10
Italian 60 45 15 1,665 845 820
Portuguese 30 15 15 910 480 430
Romanian 0 10 0 240 140 105
Spanish 285 135 145 6,990 3,020 3,970
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 55 20
Japanese 30 10 15 865 335 530
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 10 0
Korean 50 20 30 1,530 685 850
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 35 25 15 1,340 715 620
Akan (Twi) 15 10 0 65 40 30
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ewe 10 10 0 80 50 30
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ga 0 0 0 30 15 20
Ganda 0 0 0 60 15 40
Igbo 0 0 0 70 45 30
Lingala 0 0 0 30 15 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 10 0 130 65 65
Shona 0 0 0 65 40 35
Swahili 10 10 0 370 200 175
Wolof 0 0 0 35 15 20
Yoruba 0 0 0 250 125 125
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 300 175 130
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 50 30 20
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 30 10
Sign languages 90 25 60 1,605 555 1,045
American Sign Language 25 0 30 795 235 555
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 60 20 40 815 325 495
Sino-Tibetan languages 195 65 125 7,135 3,615 3,515
Chinese languages 195 65 125 7,115 3,610 3,500
Cantonese 20 10 15 1,555 730 820
Hakka 0 0 0 45 25 25
Mandarin 135 50 90 5,435 2,720 2,710
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 0 10 195 75 120
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 60 35 30
Chinese, n.o.s. 50 20 30 575 340 245
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 20 10 15
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 0 240 110 130
Lao 0 0 0 20 0 10
Thai 10 0 10 220 100 120
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 10 0 10 620 320 300
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 20 20 0
Turkish 10 0 10 480 225 255
Uyghur 0 0 0 15 0 10
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 60 40
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Uralic languages 15 0 10 430 200 230
Estonian 0 0 0 50 25 20
Finnish 10 0 0 120 55 70
Hungarian 0 0 0 255 115 140
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 35
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 70,575 34,330 36,245 908,340 440,735 467,605
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 69,565 33,810 35,760 878,415 425,340 453,070
Canadian citizens aged under 18 12,535 6,425 6,110 159,440 81,575 77,870
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 57,030 27,385 29,645 718,970 343,770 375,200
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 1,005 515 490 29,930 15,395 14,535
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 70,575 34,330 36,245 908,340 440,730 467,605
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 67,915 33,015 34,900 842,760 407,740 435,015
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 2,440 1,205 1,230 55,675 27,270 28,405
Before 1981 1,170 540 635 19,200 9,335 9,865
1981 to 1990 220 130 85 4,800 2,330 2,470
1991 to 2000 195 90 105 6,705 3,140 3,560
2001 to 2010 475 240 240 13,185 6,540 6,645
2001 to 2005 155 75 80 5,105 2,500 2,600
2006 to 2010 325 165 160 8,080 4,035 4,045
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 375 210 160 11,790 5,925 5,865
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 225 110 115 9,900 5,720 4,185
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 2,440 1,205 1,230 55,675 27,270 28,410
Under 5 years 355 145 205 7,280 3,495 3,785
5 to 14 years 440 240 200 10,445 5,240 5,205
15 to 24 years 440 205 230 10,170 4,670 5,500
25 to 44 years 1,020 500 520 22,980 11,315 11,660
45 years and over 185 110 75 4,800 2,550 2,250
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 2,435 1,205 1,230 55,680 27,270 28,410
Americas 530 265 270 10,610 4,830 5,780
Brazil 10 0 10 175 75 100
Colombia 10 10 0 175 90 85
El Salvador 0 0 0 95 50 45
Guyana 15 10 0 170 85 90
Haiti 15 0 10 55 30 30
Jamaica 10 0 10 480 210 275
Mexico 15 0 10 325 155 175
Peru 0 0 0 105 35 75
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0 220 120 100
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 410 205 210 7,375 3,320 4,055
Other places of birth in Americas 60 35 20 1,430 675 750
Europe 1,220 615 605 22,110 11,195 10,920
Bosnia and Herzegovina 10 10 0 210 115 100
Croatia 10 0 10 180 75 105
France 35 20 15 610 330 280
Germany 125 65 55 2,600 1,270 1,330
Greece 10 10 0 505 270 235
Hungary 10 0 10 110 40 65
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 15 15 0 475 225 255
Italy 15 10 10 525 310 215
Netherlands 225 110 115 1,645 790 855
Poland 15 10 10 630 265 365
Portugal 10 10 0 220 140 80
Romania 0 0 0 180 100 80
Russian Federation 20 10 15 585 270 315
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 0 0 0 90 45 45
Ukraine 10 10 0 335 145 195
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 650 310 335 11,275 5,815 5,460
Other places of birth in Europe 65 30 35 1,930 985 945
Africa 90 55 35 3,525 1,855 1,675
Algeria 0 0 0 25 15 15
Egypt 15 10 10 770 395 370
Ethiopia 0 0 0 185 105 85
Kenya 0 0 0 125 75 50
Morocco 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nigeria 0 0 0 350 185 165
Somalia 0 0 0 65 30 35
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0 460 205 250
Other places of birth in Africa 70 40 30 1,465 790 675
Asia 580 270 310 18,955 9,100 9,855
Afghanistan 0 0 0 100 40 60
Bangladesh 30 20 10 315 180 135
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 70 25 45 2,830 1,140 1,685
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 0 0 0 280 130 155
India 85 40 45 2,225 1,190 1,040
IranCensus data footnote 61 65 30 30 970 525 440