Census Profile, 2016 Census
Montréal [Economic region], Quebec and Quebec [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Montréal
Quebec
[Economic region]
Quebec

[Province]
Data quality , Montréal [Economic region], Quebec  Map : Montréal [Economic region], Quebec
Change geography 1
Data quality : Quebec [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,942,044 ... ... 8,164,361 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,886,481 ... ... 7,903,001 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 2.9 ... ... 3.3 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 939,112 ... ... 3,858,943 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 870,373 ... ... 3,531,663 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 3,889.8 ... ... 6.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 499.26 ... ... 1,356,625.27 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,942,045 944,485 997,560 8,164,360 4,016,760 4,147,605
0 to 14 years 304,470 155,320 149,150 1,333,260 682,535 650,720
0 to 4 years 109,740 56,060 53,680 444,930 227,965 216,970
5 to 9 years 104,380 53,250 51,135 469,165 240,225 228,940
10 to 14 years 90,350 46,010 44,340 419,160 214,345 204,815
15 to 64 years 1,313,915 653,520 660,395 5,335,910 2,664,630 2,671,280
15 to 19 years 97,830 49,370 48,465 429,825 219,070 210,755
20 to 24 years 139,720 69,190 70,530 500,100 252,600 247,500
25 to 29 years 153,505 75,655 77,850 495,410 248,030 247,380
30 to 34 years 152,195 74,675 77,520 515,505 256,440 259,070
35 to 39 years 147,485 73,440 74,040 550,540 274,595 275,945
40 to 44 years 128,970 65,105 63,860 506,525 254,100 252,425
45 to 49 years 125,510 63,795 61,715 519,425 260,410 259,015
50 to 54 years 131,865 67,065 64,800 619,435 309,070 310,370
55 to 59 years 127,010 62,680 64,330 636,475 314,190 322,285
60 to 64 years 109,825 52,545 57,285 562,670 276,140 286,535
65 years and over 323,660 135,650 188,005 1,495,195 669,590 825,605
65 to 69 years 95,180 44,325 50,850 488,175 236,395 251,775
70 to 74 years 72,395 31,985 40,410 373,590 176,905 196,690
75 to 79 years 57,285 24,010 33,270 256,905 116,020 140,890
80 to 84 years 46,700 18,670 28,030 187,835 78,390 109,450
85 years and over 52,100 16,660 35,440 188,685 61,885 126,805
85 to 89 years 32,310 11,365 20,945 120,635 43,795 76,840
90 to 94 years 15,190 4,360 10,835 53,165 15,155 38,015
95 to 99 years 3,950 830 3,125 13,035 2,685 10,350
100 years and over 645 100 545 1,850 255 1,600
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.7 16.4 15.0 16.3 17.0 15.7
15 to 64 years 67.7 69.2 66.2 65.4 66.3 64.4
65 years and over 16.7 14.4 18.8 18.3 16.7 19.9
85 years and over 2.7 1.8 3.6 2.3 1.5 3.1
Average age of the population 40.6 39.4 41.8 41.9 40.9 42.9
Median age of the population 39.1 38.2 40.1 42.5 41.4 43.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 870,370 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Single-detached house 99,490 ... ... 1,602,680 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 126,600 ... ... 187,800 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 643,860 ... ... 1,717,680 ... ...
Semi-detached house 32,185 ... ... 188,245 ... ...
Row house 33,500 ... ... 93,350 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 108,885 ... ... 265,195 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 465,920 ... ... 1,154,955 ... ...
Other single-attached house 3,370 ... ... 15,940 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 425 ... ... 23,505 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 870,375 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
1 person 342,510 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
2 persons 259,295 ... ... 1,227,765 ... ...
3 persons 118,645 ... ... 489,460 ... ...
4 persons 97,485 ... ... 426,250 ... ...
5 or more persons 52,435 ... ... 212,960 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,894,995 ... ... 7,965,455 ... ...
Average household size 2.2 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,637,575 789,170 848,405 6,831,105 3,334,220 3,496,885
Married or living common law 799,705 402,505 397,195 3,844,145 1,924,750 1,919,395
Married 579,130 290,170 288,960 2,342,980 1,172,720 1,170,260
Living common law 220,575 112,330 108,240 1,501,160 752,025 749,135
Not married and not living common law 837,870 386,660 451,210 2,986,960 1,409,475 1,577,490
Never married 585,780 308,260 277,520 2,010,580 1,084,300 926,280
Separated 33,635 14,010 19,620 103,625 46,390 57,240
Divorced 126,995 46,890 80,110 483,195 194,430 288,760
Widowed 91,460 17,500 73,960 389,555 84,345 305,210
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 485,290 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
2 persons 241,425 ... ... 1,204,955 ... ...
3 persons 109,090 ... ... 466,310 ... ...
4 persons 93,220 ... ... 412,160 ... ...
5 or more persons 41,555 ... ... 174,140 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 485,285 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
Total couple families 385,590 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Married couples 275,405 ... ... 1,128,355 ... ...
Common-law couples 110,185 ... ... 749,740 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 99,700 ... ... 379,460 ... ...
Female parent 81,195 ... ... 284,900 ... ...
Male parent 18,510 ... ... 94,565 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 385,585 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Couples without children 178,105 ... ... 970,260 ... ...
Couples with children 207,480 ... ... 907,840 ... ...
1 child 82,305 ... ... 356,640 ... ...
2 children 85,985 ... ... 384,875 ... ...
3 or more children 39,185 ... ... 166,315 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 99,700 ... ... 379,465 ... ...
1 child 63,310 ... ... 234,695 ... ...
2 children 26,780 ... ... 109,670 ... ...
3 or more children 9,605 ... ... 35,100 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 488,715 238,040 250,675 1,579,070 775,765 803,305
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 870,375 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
One-census-family households 469,260 ... ... 2,197,340 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 172,620 ... ... 947,305 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 296,640 ... ... 1,250,040 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 7,855 ... ... 29,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 393,255 ... ... 1,304,725 ... ...
One-person households 342,510 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 50,750 ... ... 129,500 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,914,755 933,260 981,500 8,066,560 3,977,275 4,089,285
English only 220,425 109,555 110,875 372,445 187,595 184,860
French only 517,445 230,455 286,990 4,032,640 1,874,545 2,158,095
English and French 1,131,675 575,450 556,225 3,586,410 1,884,135 1,702,275
Neither English nor French 45,205 17,800 27,405 75,065 31,000 44,060
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,914,760 933,265 981,500 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
English 543,485 270,085 273,400 964,120 482,985 481,135
French 1,164,335 562,200 602,135 6,750,945 3,320,380 3,430,560
English and French 163,025 83,800 79,230 278,710 144,060 134,655
Neither English nor French 43,910 17,175 26,735 72,775 29,845 42,930
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 625,000 311,985 313,015 1,103,480 555,015 548,465
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 32.6 33.4 31.9 13.7 14.0 13.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,914,760 933,260 981,495 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 1,823,085 887,650 935,435 7,881,650 3,884,675 3,996,975
Official languages 1,195,590 584,190 611,405 6,820,815 3,366,970 3,453,845
English 307,080 153,045 154,040 601,155 301,860 299,300
French 888,510 431,145 457,365 6,219,665 3,065,115 3,154,550
Non-official languages 627,495 303,465 324,030 1,060,830 517,700 543,125
Aboriginal languages 585 205 375 45,570 22,530 23,040
Algonquian languages 310 120 190 33,140 16,365 16,770
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 275 100 175 31,430 15,575 15,855
Atikamekw 25 5 15 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 45 10 30 8,715 4,155 4,555
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Naskapi 15 5 10 590 285 305
Northern East Cree 50 20 25 135 55 80
Plains Cree 5 0 0 5 0 5
Southern East Cree 5 0 5 35 15 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree, n.o.s. 130 45 80 15,790 7,920 7,875
Eastern Algonquian languages 15 5 10 485 225 260
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 15 5 10 485 220 260
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 15 5 1,215 565 645
Algonquin 20 10 5 1,185 555 630
Ojibway 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 5 0 5
Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 15 10 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 15 10 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sekani 0 5 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 5 0 0 10 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 5 0 10 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 210 55 150 11,970 5,955 6,015
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 175 45 125 11,895 5,925 5,970
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 35 15 25 75 25 45
Iroquoian languages 30 15 15 375 165 210
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 30 15 15 365 160 210
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 25 15 10 65 30 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 626,905 303,260 323,650 1,015,260 495,175 520,090
Afro-Asiatic languages 122,040 64,460 57,580 197,535 104,185 93,355
Berber languages 13,915 7,400 6,515 20,845 11,125 9,720
Kabyle 8,560 4,560 4,000 12,470 6,625 5,840
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5,355 2,840 2,520 8,375 4,500 3,875
Cushitic languages 695 330 360 1,125 545 580
Bilen 10 5 5 10 10 5
Oromo 5 5 0 15 10 5
Somali 660 305 350 1,075 515 560
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 15 5 30 20 10
Semitic languages 107,255 56,630 50,630 175,215 92,310 82,900
Amharic 585 280 310 745 340 405
Arabic 102,805 54,345 48,465 169,890 89,590 80,300
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 55 25 30 150 80 70
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 15 10 5
Harari 0 0 0 0 5 5
Hebrew 3,435 1,800 1,635 3,885 2,040 1,845
Maltese 10 5 5 25 10 15
Tigrigna 310 150 160 385 185 205
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 110 60 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 180 105 80 355 200 155
Austro-Asiatic languages 24,425 11,465 12,960 36,305 17,030 19,275
Khmer (Cambodian) 4,980 2,320 2,665 8,855 4,105 4,750
Vietnamese 19,435 9,145 10,295 27,425 12,920 14,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 17,455 6,340 11,120 21,635 7,800 13,835
Bikol 105 35 70 115 35 80
Cebuano 650 230 420 885 270 610
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 375 120 255 410 125 275
Ilocano 1,905 695 1,210 2,060 745 1,315
Malagasy 450 200 245 1,250 590 660
Malay 455 185 270 705 265 440
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 180 80 100 205 90 110
Pangasinan 80 40 45 95 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 12,980 4,645 8,330 15,545 5,480 10,065
Waray-Waray 40 5 35 50 10 40
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 240 100 135 320 140 180
Creole languages 36,850 16,265 20,580 56,990 25,220 31,770
Haitian Creole 1,320 635 685 2,220 1,055 1,170
Creole, n.o.s. 35,020 15,370 19,645 53,785 23,675 30,110
Creole languages, n.i.e. 515 260 250 980 490 490
Dravidian languages 11,900 5,990 5,910 14,865 7,435 7,430
Kannada 200 105 95 240 130 110
Malayalam 335 180 150 440 235 205
Tamil 10,860 5,390 5,465 13,600 6,715 6,880
Telugu 495 300 190 570 345 230
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 15 10 5
Hmong-Mien languages 20 10 10 25 10 15
Indo-European languages 328,960 158,575 170,385 553,045 269,625 283,420
Albanian 1,730 880 855 2,795 1,420 1,370
Armenian 7,455 3,530 3,925 16,430 7,970 8,460
Balto-Slavic languages 41,970 18,705 23,260 68,155 30,960 37,195
Baltic languages 570 200 370 850 335 515
Latvian 200 75 125 290 120 175
Lithuanian 370 125 240 555 215 340
Slavic languages 41,400 18,500 22,895 67,310 30,630 36,675
Belarusan 50 30 20 80 45 35
Bosnian 290 140 150 1,620 805 815
Bulgarian 4,300 2,055 2,240 6,985 3,385 3,600
Croatian 1,195 590 605 2,330 1,165 1,170
Czech 830 385 445 1,465 690 775
Macedonian 100 50 55 205 105 95
Polish 8,875 3,815 5,060 13,935 6,065 7,865
Russian 18,990 8,425 10,565 28,565 12,715 15,850
Serbian 1,495 730 765 3,140 1,590 1,545
Serbo-Croatian 475 215 265 1,805 865 940
Slovak 640 265 385 1,040 455 585
Slovene (Slovenian) 405 185 225 755 350 405
Ukrainian 3,680 1,595 2,085 5,210 2,285 2,920
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 80 35 40 175 90 85
Celtic languages 60 35 25 155 95 60
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 5 20 15 10
Welsh 15 5 5 40 20 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 90 55 30
Germanic languages 15,165 7,225 7,940 27,540 13,280 14,260
Afrikaans 65 35 35 125 60 65
Danish 205 90 115 395 190 200
Dutch 1,175 585 585 2,825 1,395 1,430
Frisian 5 0 0 10 10 0
German 6,070 2,695 3,375 13,670 6,340 7,330
Icelandic 50 25 30 65 30 35
Norwegian 115 60 50 200 100 100
Swedish 335 150 185 555 255 300
Vlaams (Flemish) 140 45 95 540 240 300
Yiddish 6,925 3,490 3,430 8,985 4,560 4,420
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 70 40 30 175 100 75
Greek 20,075 9,905 10,175 38,635 19,435 19,205
Indo-Iranian languages 52,615 27,185 25,425 76,040 39,205 36,835
Indo-Aryan languages 34,705 18,185 16,515 45,845 23,875 21,970
Bengali 9,615 4,910 4,705 10,995 5,620 5,380
Gujarati 5,120 2,520 2,600 6,070 2,980 3,090
Hindi 2,320 1,260 1,060 3,030 1,635 1,390
Kashmiri 15 15 5 20 15 5
Konkani 85 50 35 110 60 55
Marathi 195 120 80 255 145 110
Nepali 160 85 80 1,505 740 765
Oriya (Odia) 25 20 10 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 8,930 4,950 3,980 12,380 6,720 5,660
Sindhi 260 125 135 330 160 165
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 445 210 235 645 310 330
Urdu 7,525 3,930 3,595 10,470 5,460 5,010
Iranian languages 17,670 8,860 8,815 29,760 15,105 14,655
Kurdish 585 310 275 985 550 430
Pashto 905 480 425 1,285 680 610
Persian (Farsi) 16,185 8,075 8,110 27,490 13,875 13,615
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 235 135 100 440 225 210
Italic (Romance) languages 189,890 91,115 98,775 323,290 157,260 166,030
Catalan 215 105 110 320 170 150
Italian 74,490 35,610 38,885 104,600 51,705 52,895
Portuguese 18,525 8,890 9,635 36,770 17,735 19,035
Romanian 18,370 8,720 9,650 35,840 17,170 18,665
Spanish 78,215 37,760 40,460 145,635 70,405 75,235
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 125 75 50
Japanese 1,705 540 1,160 2,525 775 1,750
Kartvelian languages 145 70 75 170 80 85
Georgian 140 65 75 170 80 90
Korean 4,160 1,870 2,290 5,160 2,270 2,890
Mongolic languages 155 65 90 190 75 115
Mongolian 155 65 90 195 80 115
Niger-Congo languages 13,995 7,115 6,885 28,355 14,360 13,995
Akan (Twi) 790 390 400 1,050 520 525
Bamanankan 700 395 300 1,200 655 545
Edo 60 35 25 75 45 30
Ewe 330 180 145 730 400 325
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 1,180 610 570 2,055 1,080 970
Ga 50 25 25 80 40 40
Ganda 10 5 10 35 15 20
Igbo 80 45 30 120 70 50
Lingala 1,520 700 820 2,465 1,185 1,285
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,190 570 615 3,345 1,600 1,745
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,030 465 565 2,500 1,115 1,380
Shona 60 30 30 85 45 40
Swahili 895 430 465 3,010 1,460 1,545
Wolof 1,720 940 785 3,230 1,745 1,485
Yoruba 160 100 65 255 155 100
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 4,225 2,200 2,025 8,135 4,235 3,895
Nilo-Saharan languages 125 75 55 345 180 165
Dinka 5 0 0 5 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 120 70 55 335 170 165
Sign languages 415 220 200 1,330 700 630
American Sign Language 30 20 15 65 35 30
Quebec Sign Language 190 90 100 670 330 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 195 110 85 595 340 255
Sino-Tibetan languages 52,755 24,550 28,200 76,840 35,775 41,065
Chinese languages 52,615 24,480 28,130 76,490 35,600 40,895
Cantonese 15,845 7,465 8,380 24,375 11,505 12,875
Hakka 300 135 165 470 215 260
Mandarin 30,720 14,210 16,510 43,700 20,175 23,525
Min Dong 20 10 10 20 10 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,400 1,105 1,295 3,225 1,480 1,745
Wu (Shanghainese) 755 330 425 1,075 465 605
Chinese, n.o.s. 2,510 1,200 1,305 3,535 1,710 1,825
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 65 30 30 90 40 45
Tibeto-Burman languages 140 70 70 345 175 170
Burmese 50 20 30 80 30 50
Karenic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tibetan 40 25 15 110 65 50
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 60 30 25 85 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 1,845 830 1,020 4,895 2,185 2,710
Lao 1,495 740 755 4,115 1,995 2,120
Thai 350 90 260 765 180 585
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 0 5 10 5 10
Turkic languages 5,555 2,835 2,720 7,980 4,095 3,880
Azerbaijani 200 115 90 290 160 130
Turkish 4,935 2,520 2,415 7,155 3,685 3,470
Uyghur 145 75 70 205 100 105
Uzbek 120 60 60 145 70 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 155 65 85 185 80 105
Uralic languages 4,020 1,775 2,245 6,400 2,985 3,410
Estonian 145 55 90 195 75 120
Finnish 220 70 150 360 125 240
Hungarian 3,650 1,645 2,005 5,835 2,790 3,045
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 390 210 180 685 385 300
Multiple responses 91,675 45,605 46,070 184,905 92,600 92,310
English and French 25,185 12,815 12,365 72,395 36,695 35,695
English and non-official language 18,755 9,100 9,650 27,485 13,545 13,945
French and non-official language 37,330 18,385 18,945 67,075 33,110 33,970
English, French and non-official language 10,410 5,305 5,100 17,950 9,245 8,705
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,914,760 933,260 981,500 8,066,560 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 1,740,115 848,195 891,925 7,743,740 3,819,315 3,924,425
Official languages 1,390,200 681,120 709,085 7,157,850 3,536,165 3,621,685
English 437,075 216,655 220,415 782,185 391,125 391,060
French 953,130 464,465 488,665 6,375,665 3,145,040 3,230,625
Non-official languages 349,915 167,075 182,840 585,890 283,150 302,735
Aboriginal languages 230 100 130 40,190 20,205 19,980
Algonquian languages 135 65 75 28,695 14,385 14,310
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 130 55 70 28,110 14,105 14,005
Atikamekw 5 0 5 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 15 5 15 7,375 3,590 3,790
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 5 5 5 590 295 290
Northern East Cree 30 15 10 60 30 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 5 5 5 15 5 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 65 30 35 14,590 7,355 7,235
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 220 115 110
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 220 110 105
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 370 170 200
Algonquin 0 5 5 360 165 195
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 70 25 45 11,375 5,770 5,615
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuktitut 60 25 40 11,350 5,750 5,600
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 10 5 5 70 35 35
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 15 10 5 70 35 30
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 35 10 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 349,680 166,975 182,710 545,695 262,940 282,755
Afro-Asiatic languages 58,305 29,785 28,525 91,660 46,550 45,110
Berber languages 5,315 2,795 2,525 7,495 3,895 3,605
Kabyle 3,635 1,920 1,720 5,105 2,660 2,450
Berber languages, n.i.e. 1,680 875 805 2,390 1,235 1,150
Cushitic languages 335 140 190 535 240 295
Bilen 5 0 5 5 0 5
Oromo 0 0 0 5 0 0
Somali 325 140 185 520 230 290
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 5 5
Semitic languages 52,600 26,820 25,780 83,520 42,365 41,160
Amharic 290 130 155 340 150 185
Arabic 50,570 25,800 24,765 81,105 41,150 39,955
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 35 15 20 95 50 45
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 10 0 5
Harari 5 0 5 5 0 5
Hebrew 1,500 775 725 1,705 880 825
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 180 85 95 205 95 105
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 60 25 35
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 35 105 50 55
Austro-Asiatic languages 17,930 8,340 9,585 24,980 11,675 13,305
Khmer (Cambodian) 3,120 1,420 1,695 5,180 2,370 2,805
Vietnamese 14,805 6,915 7,890 19,790 9,295 10,495
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 5 10
Austronesian languages 8,610 3,420 5,190 9,715 3,960 5,750
Bikol 15 5 5 15 5 10
Cebuano 210 90 115 230 100 125
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 115 45 65 130 55 75
Ilocano 695 285 410 740 305 435
Malagasy 135 70 65 360 185 170
Malay 135 65 65 175 85 95
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 50 30 25 60 30 30
Pangasinan 15 5 10 10 5 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,190 2,790 4,400 7,905 3,150 4,760
Waray-Waray 15 5 5 15 10 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 75 35 35
Creole languages 14,360 6,180 8,180 20,705 8,780 11,925
Haitian Creole 565 265 305 855 380 475
Creole, n.o.s. 13,585 5,825 7,760 19,405 8,200 11,210
Creole languages, n.i.e. 210 95 115 440 200 240
Dravidian languages 9,265 4,605 4,665 11,400 5,595 5,805
Kannada 125 70 55 150 85 65
Malayalam 155 75 80 200 100 100
Tamil 8,700 4,285 4,415 10,720 5,215 5,500
Telugu 285 170 115 330 190 135
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 10 5 5 15 5 5
Indo-European languages 185,570 88,150 97,415 303,215 146,100 157,115
Albanian 990 485 505 1,615 795 820
Armenian 5,185 2,375 2,810 11,990 5,680 6,310
Balto-Slavic languages 25,165 11,660 13,510 40,405 19,085 21,325
Baltic languages 140 55 80 190 80 105
Latvian 60 30 30 75 40 40
Lithuanian 80 25 50 115 40 70
Slavic languages 25,025 11,600 13,425 40,220 19,000 21,220
Belarusan 15 10 10 25 15 15
Bosnian 170 80 90 965 475 495
Bulgarian 3,110 1,500 1,610 5,125 2,495 2,630
Croatian 525 240 280 1,015 475 545
Czech 250 115 135 460 220 240
Macedonian 60 25 30 130 65 65
Polish 3,985 1,770 2,215 5,970 2,695 3,270
Russian 13,830 6,450 7,380 20,680 9,775 10,900
Serbian 870 425 445 2,010 1,020 990
Serbo-Croatian 205 90 115 960 470 490
Slovak 140 65 75 245 120 130
Slovene (Slovenian) 130 55 75 225 95 135
Ukrainian 1,725 770 960 2,365 1,060 1,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 40 15 25
Celtic languages 15 15 0 30 20 10
Scottish Gaelic 0 5 0 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 10 10 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 15 15 5
Germanic languages 6,165 3,130 3,035 9,890 4,980 4,905
Afrikaans 10 10 5 15 10 10
Danish 25 15 10 50 25 25
Dutch 190 90 100 375 170 205
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 1,075 485 595 2,550 1,190 1,365
Icelandic 30 15 20 30 15 20
Norwegian 15 5 5 20 5 10
Swedish 75 30 40 105 50 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 10 70 35 40
Yiddish 4,725 2,480 2,250 6,665 3,485 3,180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 10 5 5
Greek 10,425 4,910 5,510 18,545 8,865 9,680
Indo-Iranian languages 37,260 18,705 18,550 53,555 26,845 26,710
Indo-Aryan languages 24,025 12,260 11,765 31,575 15,985 15,585
Bengali 7,295 3,625 3,675 8,180 4,055 4,125
Gujarati 3,290 1,600 1,685 3,840 1,860 1,985
Hindi 1,155 600 560 1,535 790 745
Kashmiri 0 5 0 5 0 0
Konkani 30 15 15 30 15 15
Marathi 65 35 35 80 40 40
Nepali 105 45 55 1,355 655 700
Oriya (Odia) 10 10 5 15 10 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,380 3,455 2,925 8,840 4,690 4,155
Sindhi 95 40 55 135 65 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 250 120 125 365 185 180
Urdu 5,350 2,715 2,640 7,180 3,620 3,565
Iranian languages 13,120 6,385 6,735 21,745 10,740 11,010
Kurdish 295 150 150 510 280 235
Pashto 675 340 340 925 460 465
Persian (Farsi) 12,150 5,895 6,250 20,310 10,005 10,305
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 110 65 50 235 120 120
Italic (Romance) languages 100,370 46,875 53,495 167,190 79,835 87,355
Catalan 80 35 45 110 50 60
Italian 27,910 12,210 15,705 32,935 14,595 18,340
Portuguese 9,660 4,550 5,105 17,260 8,250 9,005
Romanian 12,610 6,115 6,500 24,520 12,000 12,525
Spanish 50,090 23,950 26,135 92,330 44,920 47,415
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 35 20 15
Japanese 740 310 430 1,050 425 620
Kartvelian languages 65 35 30 70 35 35
Georgian 65 35 35 70 40 35
Korean 2,950 1,350 1,595 3,540 1,630 1,910
Mongolic languages 125 60 65 145 70 75
Mongolian 125 60 65 145 70 75
Niger-Congo languages 3,530 1,725 1,810 7,250 3,450 3,800
Akan (Twi) 375 180 195 445 215 235
Bamanankan 180 100 80 265 135 125
Edo 10 5 5 10 5 5
Ewe 75 30 45 140 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 355 175 175 530 255 280
Ga 10 5 5 15 5 10
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 10 5 5 15 10 10
Lingala 380 160 220 625 270 355
Rundi (Kirundi) 365 165 195 1,110 510 600
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 265 115 150 530 225 305
Shona 20 10 10 20 10 10
Swahili 275 145 130 1,100 535 565
Wolof 540 300 240 1,035 555 480
Yoruba 40 15 20 55 25 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 645 320 325 1,350 635 710
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 20 15 135 70 65
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 130 65 65
Sign languages 585 340 245 1,770 1,000 775
American Sign Language 50 20 25 90 35 50
Quebec Sign Language 245 125 120 700 360 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 290 195 95 985 600 385
Sino-Tibetan languages 41,620 19,770 21,850 60,370 28,925 31,450
Chinese languages 41,555 19,740 21,820 60,155 28,805 31,345
Cantonese 11,625 5,465 6,160 17,845 8,470 9,375
Hakka 105 50 55 155 75 80
Mandarin 26,080 12,475 13,605 37,075 17,870 19,200
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,410 645 770 1,830 830 1,000
Wu (Shanghainese) 575 265 315 780 355 420
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,730 830 900 2,435 1,190 1,240
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 40 20 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 60 30 30 215 115 100
Burmese 15 10 10 35 15 20
Karenic languages 0 0 0 65 40 30
Tibetan 15 10 5 70 45 30
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 40 20 20
Tai-Kadai languages 930 460 475 2,375 1,145 1,230
Lao 810 405 400 2,150 1,055 1,100
Thai 125 50 75 225 90 135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 3,620 1,800 1,820 5,120 2,540 2,575
Azerbaijani 65 30 35 100 50 55
Turkish 3,310 1,645 1,665 4,715 2,340 2,370
Uyghur 100 50 45 140 75 70
Uzbek 95 45 50 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 65 30 35
Uralic languages 1,335 560 770 2,025 895 1,130
Estonian 25 10 20 30 10 20
Finnish 35 15 15 50 20 30
Hungarian 1,280 540 740 1,945 860 1,085
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 95 55 40 150 90 60
Multiple responses 174,640 85,065 89,575 322,820 157,960 164,860
English and French 34,140 17,340 16,800 86,715 43,820 42,890
English and non-official language 38,285 18,350 19,930 54,400 26,255 28,140
French and non-official language 77,420 36,945 40,475 139,385 66,610 72,775
English, French and non-official language 24,805 12,435 12,370 42,320 21,270 21,045
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,914,760 933,260 981,495 8,066,555 3,977,275 4,089,285
None 1,358,400 658,450 699,950 6,825,240 3,356,340 3,468,900
English 164,875 83,080 81,790 513,410 263,670 249,735
French 156,825 77,380 79,450 320,370 158,340 162,030
Non-official language 183,265 88,835 94,430 317,790 154,450 163,340
Aboriginal 285 100 185 5,700 2,645 3,060
Non-Aboriginal 182,980 88,730 94,250 312,085 151,810 160,280
English and French 21,915 11,010 10,900 36,235 18,285 17,955
English and non-official language 13,995 6,950 7,045 28,630 14,075 14,555
French and non-official language 14,580 7,085 7,495 23,470 11,365 12,095
English, French and non-official language 905 470 435 1,420 740 680
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,591,005 770,800 820,205 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,527,425 741,020 786,405 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,198 31,716 27,061 32,975 37,842 28,522
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,527,630 741,070 786,555 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,400
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,873 28,718 25,306 29,535 33,110 26,119
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,319,250 651,480 667,770 5,685,690 2,866,470 2,819,220
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,843 31,722 24,323 30,067 35,597 25,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,220,350 562,060 658,290 4,973,245 2,300,800 2,672,445
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,964 2,979 7,393 7,307 5,851 8,246
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,076,770 552,940 523,835 4,627,795 2,408,420 2,219,370
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,102 31,811 26,411 31,263 35,627 27,219
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 1,590,985 770,725 820,250 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,245
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,526,950 740,630 786,320 6,417,010 3,159,415 3,257,595
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,670 50,317 37,410 42,546 49,087 36,203
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,527,150 740,685 786,470 6,418,440 3,159,550 3,258,890
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,155 39,256 31,292 34,887 39,292 30,616
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,318,335 651,115 667,215 5,685,905 2,866,415 2,819,485
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,430 51,690 35,370 40,505 47,810 33,079
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,220,065 561,415 658,655 4,972,650 2,299,595 2,673,050
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,727 6,430 8,832 8,590 7,846 9,229
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,076,765 553,085 523,680 4,627,775 2,408,655 2,219,120
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,754 49,167 35,982 40,382 45,974 34,313
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 1,590,985 770,730 820,255 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 451,855 249,200 202,655 2,036,965 1,114,940 922,025
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 47,182 50,049 44,352 47,111 51,622 42,433
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 62,105 69,189 53,395 56,564 62,750 49,085
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 85.8 90.2 80.3 84.4 88.3 79.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 69.1 73.0 64.1 68.4 71.4 64.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 14.2 9.8 19.7 15.6 11.7 20.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 1,591,005 770,800 820,205 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,140
Without total income 63,580 29,785 33,795 216,685 99,555 117,125
With total income 1,527,425 741,020 786,405 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Percentage with total income 96.0 96.1 95.9 96.7 96.9 96.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 239,225 118,900 120,330 789,595 351,935 437,660
$10,000 to $19,999 304,770 130,875 173,900 1,188,135 476,630 711,500
$20,000 to $29,999 235,475 104,540 130,930 976,210 428,390 547,830
$30,000 to $39,999 186,815 89,430 97,385 852,735 414,105 438,625
$40,000 to $49,999 152,615 72,485 80,130 747,995 378,215 369,780
$50,000 to $59,999 107,705 52,510 55,195 540,265 292,110 248,150
$60,000 to $69,999 75,560 38,430 37,135 375,935 214,805 161,130
$70,000 to $79,999 57,765 30,275 27,490 286,025 164,240 121,790
$80,000 to $89,999 40,455 22,220 18,230 189,350 113,715 75,635
$90,000 to $99,999 27,510 16,235 11,280 122,750 80,090 42,660
$100,000 and over 99,530 65,125 34,410 348,620 246,360 102,255
$100,000 to $149,999 59,525 37,205 22,315 236,515 164,145 72,370
$150,000 and over 40,005 27,915 12,090 112,105 82,215 29,885
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,591,005 770,800 820,205 6,634,295 3,260,150 3,374,140
Without after-tax income 63,380 29,730 33,645 215,120 99,375 115,750
With after-tax income 1,527,625 741,070 786,555 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,395
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 96.1 95.9 96.8 97.0 96.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 244,920 120,610 124,310 822,725 359,045 463,675
$10,000 to $19,999 317,790 137,525 180,265 1,246,480 505,165 741,315
$20,000 to $29,999 280,350 127,890 152,455 1,192,885 541,080 651,810
$30,000 to $39,999 233,880 112,565 121,315 1,096,510 553,200 543,315
$40,000 to $49,999 161,410 77,850 83,565 793,150 425,040 368,115
$50,000 to $59,999 100,760 51,385 49,375 498,475 283,130 215,345
$60,000 to $69,999 64,225 34,415 29,810 309,415 180,470 128,945
$70,000 to $79,999 37,685 21,995 15,690 167,895 108,500 59,395
$80,000 and over 86,605 56,830 29,775 291,635 205,155 86,485
$80,000 to $89,999 23,470 14,370 9,100 95,010 64,670 30,335
$90,000 to $99,999 15,190 9,585 5,605 55,980 39,080 16,905
$100,000 and over 47,945 32,870 15,070 140,645 101,405 39,240
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 1,591,005 770,800 820,205 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Without employment income 514,230 217,860 296,375 2,006,505 851,730 1,154,775
With employment income 1,076,770 552,940 523,830 4,627,790 2,408,420 2,219,375
Percentage with employment income 67.7 71.7 63.9 69.8 73.9 65.8
Under $5,000 (including loss) 149,120 72,790 76,330 606,300 311,780 294,520
$5,000 to $9,999 93,255 43,420 49,830 367,030 162,150 204,885
$10,000 to $19,999 167,705 80,255 87,450 681,920 305,995 375,920
$20,000 to $29,999 139,770 68,060 71,710 586,140 269,950 316,195
$30,000 to $39,999 124,900 62,855 62,045 565,425 277,135 288,285
$40,000 to $49,999 100,740 50,135 50,605 476,665 247,105 229,560
$50,000 to $59,999 74,565 38,925 35,645 359,180 203,580 155,600
$60,000 to $69,999 55,000 29,595 25,405 266,650 156,255 110,395
$70,000 to $79,999 45,820 24,715 21,110 224,040 129,890 94,150
$80,000 and over 125,895 82,190 43,705 494,440 344,585 149,855
$80,000 to $89,999 30,005 17,920 12,080 139,830 90,295 49,540
$90,000 to $99,999 20,740 13,030 7,710 93,860 64,160 29,700
$100,000 and over 75,150 51,240 23,915 260,745 190,125 70,620
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 870,370 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 52,519 ... ... 59,822 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 46,559 ... ... 52,207 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 342,505 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,642 ... ... 31,574 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 27,860 ... ... 28,469 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 527,865 ... ... 2,356,430 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 71,245 ... ... 78,645 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 62,917 ... ... 67,665 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 870,375 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 76,614 ... ... 77,306 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,682 ... ... 63,404 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 342,490 ... ... 1,174,695 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,473 ... ... 40,042 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,940 ... ... 33,262 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 527,880 ... ... 2,356,970 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,413 ... ... 95,878 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,682 ... ... 78,426 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 870,375 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Under $5,000 24,465 ... ... 47,170 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 21,890 ... ... 56,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 38,230 ... ... 119,570 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 53,480 ... ... 180,865 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 50,075 ... ... 179,690 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 44,745 ... ... 154,150 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 45,720 ... ... 185,000 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 47,055 ... ... 184,435 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 46,115 ... ... 179,855 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 42,655 ... ... 170,445 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 77,510 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 63,470 ... ... 273,620 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 52,585 ... ... 241,940 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 43,035 ... ... 208,620 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 35,265 ... ... 176,355 ... ...
$100,000 and over 184,085 ... ... 860,030 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 62,300 ... ... 327,435 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 39,105 ... ... 204,105 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 40,015 ... ... 192,155 ... ...
$200,000 and over 42,665 ... ... 136,335 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 870,375 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Under $5,000 25,565 ... ... 50,445 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 22,120 ... ... 57,335 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 38,560 ... ... 120,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 56,110 ... ... 190,300 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 56,305 ... ... 202,905 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 52,835 ... ... 187,365 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 57,445 ... ... 231,765 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 57,290 ... ... 225,695 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 53,150 ... ... 211,990 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 49,970 ... ... 202,760 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 85,660 ... ... 363,775 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 67,270 ... ... 309,825 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 52,000 ... ... 256,150 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 41,020 ... ... 208,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 31,895 ... ... 166,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 123,165 ... ... 545,440 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 52,170 ... ... 269,170 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 27,430 ... ... 130,225 ... ...
$150,000 and over 43,570 ... ... 146,045 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 489,520 ... ... 2,261,890 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 72,845 ... ... 79,378 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 64,039 ... ... 68,152 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 169,175 ... ... 930,195 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,408 ... ... 70,075 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 61,304 ... ... 60,224 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 208,100 ... ... 911,980 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 91,649 ... ... 105,246 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 79,750 ... ... 88,844 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 95,475 ... ... 364,085 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,168 ... ... 52,708 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,426 ... ... 47,805 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 489,420 ... ... 2,262,045 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 102,221 ... ... 96,863 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,540 ... ... 79,060 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 168,840 ... ... 929,645 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,556 ... ... 86,304 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,271 ... ... 70,167 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 208,255 ... ... 912,560 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,472 ... ... 122,835 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,758 ... ... 99,279 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 95,425 ... ... 363,610 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,918 ... ... 61,753 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,129 ... ... 53,052 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 443,400 218,395 225,010 1,433,210 711,180 722,030
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,024 26,960 27,071 29,195 31,526 27,210
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,186 24,951 25,373 26,706 28,214 25,434
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 442,760 217,830 224,930 1,430,625 708,225 722,405
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,613 38,298 36,950 37,684 39,840 35,571
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 31,122 31,265 30,983 31,513 32,729 30,321
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,895,000 925,865 969,130 7,965,455 3,941,475 4,023,970
In the bottom half of the distribution 1,202,765 579,085 623,680 4,577,885 2,216,770 2,361,115
In the bottom decile 287,610 143,605 144,000 747,785 368,385 379,395
In the second decile 252,935 116,590 136,345 898,605 408,705 489,900
In the third decile 255,250 122,140 133,110 997,185 481,975 515,210
In the fourth decile 221,160 106,575 114,585 996,230 490,275 505,960
In the fifth decile 185,815 90,170 95,640 938,080 467,425 470,655
In the top half of the distribution 692,235 346,785 345,455 3,387,565 1,724,710 1,662,855
In the sixth decile 160,105 78,680 81,425 881,640 444,865 436,775
In the seventh decile 143,930 71,540 72,390 806,685 409,470 397,220
In the eighth decile 132,125 66,215 65,910 700,450 357,000 343,455
In the ninth decile 119,885 60,885 59,005 557,160 286,195 270,960
In the top decile 136,180 69,465 66,725 441,630 227,185 214,445
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,895,000 925,870 969,130 7,921,505 3,919,560 4,001,945
0 to 17 years 358,105 182,645 175,465 1,564,410 800,455 763,960
0 to 5 years 130,840 66,870 63,975 532,410 272,790 259,625
18 to 64 years 1,247,985 617,995 629,990 5,021,875 2,498,900 2,522,980
65 years and over 288,910 125,230 163,685 1,335,220 620,210 715,010
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 403,880 193,535 210,345 1,160,190 542,405 617,785
0 to 17 years 81,100 41,415 39,685 222,955 114,410 108,540
0 to 5 years 29,650 15,075 14,575 75,270 38,595 36,670
18 to 64 years 262,435 129,925 132,510 688,130 334,825 353,305
65 years and over 60,350 22,195 38,150 249,110 93,170 155,930
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 21.3 20.9 21.7 14.6 13.8 15.4
0 to 17 years (%) 22.6 22.7 22.6 14.3 14.3 14.2
0 to 5 years (%) 22.7 22.5 22.8 14.1 14.1 14.1
18 to 64 years (%) 21.0 21.0 21.0 13.7 13.4 14.0
65 years and over (%) 20.9 17.7 23.3 18.7 15.0 21.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 339,685 166,975 172,710 731,340 358,085 373,260
0 to 17 years 61,200 31,295 29,910 129,325 66,400 62,925
0 to 5 years 22,340 11,355 10,985 44,375 22,705 21,675
18 to 64 years 236,690 120,515 116,175 514,540 261,485 253,060
65 years and over 41,790 15,160 26,630 87,475 30,205 57,270
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 17.9 18.0 17.8 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 17.1 17.1 17.0 8.3 8.3 8.2
0 to 5 years (%) 17.1 17.0 17.2 8.3 8.3 8.3
18 to 64 years (%) 19.0 19.5 18.4 10.2 10.5 10.0
65 years and over (%) 14.5 12.1 16.3 6.6 4.9 8.0
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,894,995 925,815 969,185 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Official languages 1,850,005 908,350 941,655 7,891,110 3,911,220 3,979,890
English 1,342,265 680,010 662,255 3,930,690 2,058,470 1,872,225
French 1,631,820 799,640 832,180 7,522,350 3,725,145 3,797,200
Non-official languages 900,345 433,465 466,885 1,610,980 776,265 834,720
Aboriginal languages 750 340 410 50,890 25,190 25,700
Algonquian languages 330 185 150 37,515 18,545 18,965
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 265 135 135 34,415 17,050 17,370
Atikamekw 10 0 10 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 55 30 25 9,850 4,735 5,115
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 10 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 775 385 385
Northern East Cree 70 40 25 260 130 130
Plains Cree 10 0 0 10 0 0
Southern East Cree 10 0 0 35 25 10
Swampy Cree 10 0 0 15 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cree, n.o.s. 120 45 70 17,175 8,600 8,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 25 10 885 460 420
Malecite 0 0 0 10 0 0
Mi'kmaq 30 25 10 880 460 425
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 30 20 0 2,340 1,105 1,235
Algonquin 20 15 10 2,240 1,055 1,185
Ojibway 10 10 0 105 50 50
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 35 20 10
Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 15 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 10 10 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 375 125 250 12,595 6,270 6,330
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 330 110 220 12,485 6,210 6,270
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 45 15 30 115 60 60
Iroquoian languages 45 35 10 740 360 375
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 35 35 0 690 350 335
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 50 15 35
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 10 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 10 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 10 90 40 55
Non-Aboriginal languages 899,640 433,150 466,495 1,560,375 751,215 809,160
Afro-Asiatic languages 188,110 98,615 89,495 301,035 157,545 143,490
Berber languages 18,530 9,830 8,695 27,595 14,650 12,945
Kabyle 11,195 5,985 5,210 16,170 8,580 7,590
Berber languages, n.i.e. 7,440 3,910 3,535 11,580 6,150 5,425
Cushitic languages 1,045 505 535 1,550 745 805
Bilen 35 25 10 35 20 10
Oromo 25 20 10 45 30 10
Somali 975 460 520 1,460 680 780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 178,735 93,590 85,140 286,625 149,970 136,660
Amharic 815 405 415 1,145 540 600
Arabic 162,300 85,065 77,235 267,965 140,280 127,685
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 75 30 40 195 95 95
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 10 10 0 0
Harari 10 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 16,160 8,435 7,730 18,035 9,490 8,540
Maltese 10 10 10 40 10 25
Tigrigna 255 125 135 420 195 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 80 55 20 180 85 95
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 435 220 215 810 430 380
Austro-Asiatic languages 30,725 14,715 16,010 46,050 21,955 24,095
Khmer (Cambodian) 6,335 3,045 3,285 11,840 5,620 6,220
Vietnamese 24,615 11,785 12,835 34,580 16,520 18,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 40 25 15
Austronesian languages 25,325 9,560 15,760 31,230 11,820 19,410
Bikol 105 50 60 105 45 60
Cebuano 710 260 455 1,105 360 750
Fijian 10 10 0 15 0 10
Hiligaynon 445 160 290 540 195 350
Ilocano 2,265 825 1,445 2,500 890 1,610
Malagasy 835 400 435 1,980 940 1,040
Malay 715 295 425 1,210 525 690
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 165 85 80 195 95 100
Pangasinan 50 20 35 60 20 40
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 22,775 8,440 14,330 26,705 9,785 16,915
Waray-Waray 35 10 30 55 10 45
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 320 150 170 540 270 275
Creole languages 70,350 31,455 38,895 115,445 51,970 63,475
Haitian Creole 2,895 1,370 1,525 4,910 2,285 2,620
Creole, n.o.s. 66,340 29,575 36,760 108,315 48,615 59,705
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,485 700 780 2,835 1,390 1,445
Dravidian languages 14,890 7,650 7,240 18,710 9,495 9,210
Kannada 360 180 180 415 210 205
Malayalam 395 225 165 510 285 220
Tamil 13,650 6,960 6,700 17,245 8,680 8,565
Telugu 835 485 345 930 540 390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 15 10 0
Hmong-Mien languages 30 15 10 35 15 25
Indo-European languages 490,850 234,270 256,580 912,945 435,785 477,155
Albanian 2,070 1,045 1,025 3,375 1,730 1,645
Armenian 9,205 4,365 4,840 20,290 9,790 10,500
Balto-Slavic languages 53,580 24,605 28,970 88,425 41,725 46,700
Baltic languages 715 330 390 1,080 500 585
Latvian 240 105 135 335 150 185
Lithuanian 475 220 255 755 350 410
Slavic languages 52,990 24,340 28,645 87,520 41,315 46,205
Belarusan 195 80 115 365 150 215
Bosnian 330 155 180 1,975 990 985
Bulgarian 4,425 2,120 2,305 7,345 3,595 3,750
Croatian 1,790 855 935 3,580 1,760 1,820
Czech 1,275 575 700 2,070 975 1,095
Macedonian 140 55 85 285 140 145
Polish 11,085 4,915 6,175 17,760 8,090 9,665
Russian 30,185 14,095 16,090 46,665 22,265 24,400
Serbian 1,940 890 1,050 4,050 1,980 2,070
Serbo-Croatian 635 270 360 2,385 1,140 1,245
Slovak 845 395 450 1,520 705 820
Slovene (Slovenian) 570 270 300 970 490 480
Ukrainian 6,175 2,680 3,495 9,015 3,885 5,135
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 95 45 50 150 75 75
Celtic languages 280 175 105 495 305 195
Scottish Gaelic 85 55 30 155 95 65
Welsh 45 25 20 85 45 40
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 155 100 55 265 175 95
Germanic languages 34,405 16,995 17,410 63,370 31,835 31,530
Afrikaans 235 165 70 415 260 150
Danish 450 205 240 835 410 420
Dutch 2,345 1,225 1,120 5,060 2,665 2,395
Frisian 10 10 0 15 10 0
German 21,045 10,410 10,635 43,475 21,950 21,530
Icelandic 95 65 30 140 80 60
Norwegian 300 135 170 510 255 255
Swedish 920 410 510 1,580 785 795
Vlaams (Flemish) 250 65 180 760 265 495
Yiddish 9,875 4,910 4,965 12,375 6,225 6,155
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 85 40 40 270 125 140
Greek 26,310 12,845 13,465 51,060 25,520 25,540
Indo-Iranian languages 64,650 33,330 31,320 93,655 48,040 45,615
Indo-Aryan languages 43,825 22,985 20,840 59,570 30,870 28,700
Bengali 11,095 5,680 5,410 12,870 6,610 6,260
Gujarati 6,570 3,230 3,335 7,950 3,860 4,090
Hindi 11,865 6,420 5,450 15,570 8,285 7,280
Kashmiri 40 30 10 45 35 15
Konkani 110 55 60 150 70 75
Marathi 375 195 180 475 240 230
Nepali 135 75 60 1,445 725 720
Oriya (Odia) 35 20 15 55 35 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 12,800 7,140 5,665 17,860 9,690 8,165
Sindhi 350 155 195 500 240 255
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 925 440 490 1,335 625 710
Urdu 11,250 5,935 5,320 16,545 8,655 7,890
Iranian languages 21,240 10,580 10,665 35,420 17,830 17,585
Kurdish 675 340 335 1,255 665 590
Pashto 1,135 615 525 1,825 1,005 825
Persian (Farsi) 19,650 9,770 9,880 32,965 16,560 16,405
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 445 255 190 845 425 420
Italic (Romance) languages 320,755 150,495 170,260 627,545 293,620 333,920
Catalan 550 330 220 890 525 365
Italian 114,500 54,380 60,125 173,710 84,430 89,275
Portuguese 27,360 13,775 13,585 55,100 27,620 27,475
Romanian 22,115 10,440 11,675 42,655 20,550 22,110
Spanish 176,745 81,465 95,280 390,355 177,610 212,745
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 230 140 90 490 345 145
Japanese 4,275 1,930 2,345 7,040 3,340 3,695
Kartvelian languages 190 95 100 220 110 110
Georgian 195 95 100 215 105 110
Korean 4,925 2,310 2,620 6,260 2,825 3,430
Mongolic languages 205 105 95 270 135 130
Mongolian 205 105 95 265 135 130
Niger-Congo languages 26,800 13,565 13,240 52,840 26,665 26,175
Akan (Twi) 1,350 710 640 1,800 945 855
Bamanankan 1,305 690 620 2,385 1,240 1,145
Edo 140 60 85 190 95 95
Ewe 730 485 240 1,410 865 545
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 2,090 1,115 975 3,400 1,785 1,620
Ga 170 100 75 315 155 160
Ganda 30 10 25 90 40 55
Igbo 180 120 60 275 190 90
Lingala 5,470 2,455 3,015 9,630 4,430 5,200
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,505 720 790 4,490 2,210 2,285
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 1,425 680 745 3,535 1,640 1,895
Shona 100 55 50 150 75 80
Swahili 2,990 1,495 1,490 8,015 4,080 3,935
Wolof 3,295 1,800 1,490 6,555 3,545 3,015
Yoruba 590 325 260 885 485 395
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 8,965 4,625 4,345 17,720 9,125 8,595
Nilo-Saharan languages 200 130 75 695 345 350
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 200 130 75 695 345 350
Sign languages 2,135 890 1,240 7,775 3,095 4,675
American Sign Language 300 125 175 675 245 435
Quebec Sign Language 1,165 435 730 4,405 1,590 2,815
Sign languages, n.i.e. 760 375 390 2,960 1,350 1,605
Sino-Tibetan languages 61,480 28,975 32,505 90,460 42,695 47,770
Chinese languages 61,350 28,900 32,450 90,060 42,480 47,580
Cantonese 20,895 9,735 11,160 31,885 14,900 16,980
Hakka 385 170 215 545 240 310
Mandarin 40,720 18,965 21,755 59,240 27,560 31,685
Min Dong 15 0 10 15 10 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,990 1,310 1,675 4,215 1,860 2,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 925 420 505 1,230 535 690
Chinese, n.o.s. 3,410 1,665 1,745 4,800 2,380 2,425
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 75 35 45 90 40 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 155 90 60 430 235 195
Burmese 70 40 30 140 75 60
Karenic languages 0 0 0 105 55 45
Tibetan 25 30 0 65 50 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 60 25 35 140 65 80
Tai-Kadai languages 2,790 1,315 1,475 7,280 3,400 3,880
Lao 2,100 1,040 1,065 5,785 2,850 2,935
Thai 970 405 570 2,255 875 1,375
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 15 10 10
Turkic languages 8,195 4,105 4,095 12,475 6,265 6,210
Azerbaijani 395 220 175 510 275 235
Turkish 7,400 3,705 3,690 11,415 5,755 5,665
Uyghur 175 85 90 230 110 120
Uzbek 180 75 105 230 105 125
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 175 85 85 235 115 120
Uralic languages 4,905 2,205 2,705 7,870 3,710 4,160
Estonian 110 45 65 150 55 95
Finnish 270 100 170 500 195 305
Hungarian 4,525 2,055 2,470 7,215 3,450 3,765
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 1,070 590 480 2,140 1,170 970
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,894,995 925,815 969,180 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,648,430 803,195 845,235 7,585,545 3,753,190 3,832,350
Canadian citizens aged under 18 322,920 164,555 158,365 1,521,230 779,620 741,610
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 1,325,505 638,640 686,870 6,064,310 2,973,575 3,090,740
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 246,570 122,620 123,945 379,910 188,245 191,665
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,894,995 925,815 969,185 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 1,187,260 582,135 605,120 6,788,085 3,365,345 3,422,735
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 644,685 310,250 334,435 1,091,310 530,325 560,980
Before 1981 141,755 66,720 75,035 238,655 117,080 121,575
1981 to 1990 74,335 36,560 37,770 127,340 63,150 64,190
1991 to 2000 108,760 51,330 57,430 187,860 89,210 98,650
2001 to 2010 181,195 87,585 93,610 322,280 155,785 166,495
2001 to 2005 74,840 36,150 38,695 140,170 67,835 72,335
2006 to 2010 106,355 51,440 54,920 182,115 87,945 94,165
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 138,640 68,050 70,585 215,170 105,105 110,065
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 63,055 33,425 29,635 86,065 45,765 40,295
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 644,685 310,250 334,435 1,091,305 530,325 560,980
Under 5 years 58,110 28,910 29,195 112,930 54,600 58,330
5 to 14 years 97,550 48,370 49,180 174,020 87,165 86,855
15 to 24 years 128,860 58,295 70,555 215,350 98,880 116,475
25 to 44 years 314,350 153,925 160,420 515,770 256,095 259,675
45 years and over 45,815 20,735 25,080 73,230 33,590 39,640
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 644,680 310,250 334,430 1,091,305 530,330 560,980
Americas 140,940 64,340 76,600 247,505 113,190 134,315
Brazil 3,955 1,865 2,090 7,345 3,515 3,830
Colombia 9,135 4,300 4,840 25,580 11,645 13,935
El Salvador 6,970 3,470 3,500 11,120 5,500 5,615
Guyana 1,825 765 1,060 2,490 1,085 1,410
Haiti 50,155 21,900 28,255 80,965 35,375 45,585
Jamaica 3,560 1,525 2,035 4,665 2,040 2,625
Mexico 9,155 4,205 4,950 15,820 7,090 8,730
Peru 7,400 3,280 4,115 13,265 5,945 7,325
Trinidad and Tobago 2,900 1,305 1,590 4,075 1,840 2,240
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 12,335 6,330 6,005 25,955 12,800 13,155
Other places of birth in Americas 33,555 15,400 18,155 56,235 26,370 29,870
Europe 172,245 82,670 89,575 311,090 154,910 156,185
Bosnia and Herzegovina 735 370 365 3,785 1,890 1,895
Croatia 1,075 540 540 2,140 1,085 1,050
France 38,170 20,015 18,160 81,225 43,490 37,735
Germany 4,240 1,785 2,455 9,750 4,365 5,390
Greece 10,320 5,000 5,325 18,420 9,135 9,285
Hungary 2,270 1,025 1,240 3,325 1,620 1,700
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 490 275 215 820 485 330
Italy 39,110 18,410 20,700 51,025 25,370 25,655
Netherlands 915 490 420 1,990 1,035 955
Poland 6,930 2,955 3,975 10,735 4,675 6,060
Portugal 9,480 4,385 5,095 18,985 9,185 9,800
Romania 14,250 6,560 7,695 28,695 13,695 15,005
Russian Federation 7,480 3,245 4,235 11,355 4,975 6,375
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,045 465 580 1,790 830 960
Ukraine 5,750 2,490 3,260 8,670 3,800 4,870
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 7,100 3,685 3,420 12,905 6,645 6,260
Other places of birth in Europe 22,890 10,990 11,895 45,500 22,630 22,870
Africa 143,550 74,055 69,495 241,410 125,250 116,165
Algeria 40,135 20,915 19,220 59,465 31,180 28,280
Egypt 12,705 6,540 6,170 19,490 10,290 9,200
Ethiopia 735 370 365 995 495 495
Kenya 425 205 215 785 355 430
Morocco 37,360 19,155 18,205 60,700 31,435 29,270
Nigeria 910 500 410 1,340 740 600
Somalia 435 205 230 580 270 310
South Africa, Republic of 500 275 230 865 475 385
Other places of birth in Africa 50,330 25,885 24,445 97,200 50,005 47,190
Asia 187,125 88,725 98,400 289,825 136,175 153,655
Afghanistan 1,490 730 750 7,280 3,640 3,640
Bangladesh 6,870 3,440 3,430 7,940 3,990 3,950
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 30,710 13,435 17,270 49,555 19,905 29,655
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 2,800 1,335 1,465 4,730 2,290 2,435
India 13,340 6,915 6,420 17,865 9,195 8,670
IranCensus data footnote 61 14,160 6,970 7,195 17,760 8,880 8,885
Iraq 1,980 1,040 945 3,735 1,960 1,775
Japan 1,155 300 855 1,725 395 1,330
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 2,800 1,260 1,535 4,230 1,995 2,230
Lebanon 20,015 10,680 9,340 39,135 20,800 18,340
Pakistan 6,725 3,550 3,175 10,010 5,260 4,750
Philippines 20,535 7,735 12,805 24,410 9,040 15,370
Sri Lanka 8,310 4,130 4,180 10,715 5,335 5,380
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 10,080 5,050 5,030 17,775 8,800 8,980
Taiwan 1,655 675 985 2,735 1,100 1,635
Viet Nam 17,845 8,300 9,550 25,440 11,765 13,675
Other places of birth in Asia 26,645 13,180 13,470 44,795 21,840 22,950
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 820 460 365 1,480 805 670
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 138,635 68,055 70,585 215,170 105,105 110,065
Americas 29,030 13,815 15,220 47,710 22,625 25,085
Brazil 1,730 870 860 3,010 1,495 1,520
Colombia 3,180 1,535 1,645 7,540 3,465 4,075
Cuba 1,270 650 615 2,565 1,260 1,315
Haiti 11,770 5,370 6,400 16,880 7,690 9,190
Jamaica 125 90 30 190 140 55
Mexico 2,595 1,220 1,375 4,210 1,955 2,255
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 2,515 1,410 1,100 3,990 2,265 1,720
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 1,130 540 590 1,955 935 1,020
Other places of birth in Americas 4,720 2,130 2,590 7,365 3,425 3,935
Europe 24,945 12,795 12,155 39,320 20,085 19,235
France 12,465 6,725 5,740 20,030 10,855 9,175
Germany 325 155 170 580 250 330
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 80 65 15 135 105 35
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 2,905 1,325 1,570 3,750 1,695 2,055
Romania 1,695 735 960 2,945 1,260 <