Census Profile, 2016 Census
Outaouais [Economic region], Quebec and Quebec [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Outaouais
Quebec
[Economic region]
Quebec

[Province]
Data quality , Outaouais [Economic region], Quebec  Map : Outaouais [Economic region], Quebec
Change geography 1
Data quality : Quebec [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 382,604 ... ... 8,164,361 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 369,171 ... ... 7,903,001 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.6 ... ... 3.3 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 190,236 ... ... 3,858,943 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 163,137 ... ... 3,531,663 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 12.4 ... ... 6.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 30,808.69 ... ... 1,356,625.27 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 382,600 188,195 194,410 8,164,360 4,016,760 4,147,605
0 to 14 years 67,905 34,730 33,170 1,333,260 682,535 650,720
0 to 4 years 22,650 11,535 11,115 444,930 227,965 216,970
5 to 9 years 23,930 12,210 11,720 469,165 240,225 228,940
10 to 14 years 21,325 10,985 10,345 419,160 214,345 204,815
15 to 64 years 256,390 126,595 129,790 5,335,910 2,664,630 2,671,280
15 to 19 years 21,170 10,820 10,355 429,825 219,070 210,755
20 to 24 years 23,210 11,650 11,555 500,100 252,600 247,500
25 to 29 years 23,020 11,395 11,620 495,410 248,030 247,380
30 to 34 years 24,375 11,835 12,545 515,505 256,440 259,070
35 to 39 years 25,565 12,450 13,110 550,540 274,595 275,945
40 to 44 years 25,175 12,500 12,680 506,525 254,100 252,425
45 to 49 years 26,145 12,840 13,305 519,425 260,410 259,015
50 to 54 years 31,110 15,350 15,760 619,435 309,070 310,370
55 to 59 years 30,875 15,000 15,870 636,475 314,190 322,285
60 to 64 years 25,745 12,750 12,995 562,670 276,140 286,535
65 years and over 58,315 26,865 31,445 1,495,195 669,590 825,605
65 to 69 years 21,110 10,380 10,730 488,175 236,395 251,775
70 to 74 years 15,110 7,370 7,740 373,590 176,905 196,690
75 to 79 years 9,740 4,475 5,265 256,905 116,020 140,890
80 to 84 years 6,435 2,730 3,705 187,835 78,390 109,450
85 years and over 5,920 1,915 4,005 188,685 61,885 126,805
85 to 89 years 3,910 1,390 2,520 120,635 43,795 76,840
90 to 94 years 1,575 440 1,140 53,165 15,155 38,015
95 to 99 years 365 75 300 13,035 2,685 10,350
100 years and over 60 10 50 1,850 255 1,600
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.7 18.5 17.1 16.3 17.0 15.7
15 to 64 years 67.0 67.3 66.8 65.4 66.3 64.4
65 years and over 15.2 14.3 16.2 18.3 16.7 19.9
85 years and over 1.5 1.0 2.1 2.3 1.5 3.1
Average age of the population 40.3 39.6 41.1 41.9 40.9 42.9
Median age of the population 41.2 40.5 41.9 42.5 41.4 43.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 163,140 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Single-detached house 84,075 ... ... 1,602,680 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 6,530 ... ... 187,800 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 72,105 ... ... 1,717,680 ... ...
Semi-detached house 18,620 ... ... 188,245 ... ...
Row house 8,150 ... ... 93,350 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 8,720 ... ... 265,195 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 36,200 ... ... 1,154,955 ... ...
Other single-attached house 425 ... ... 15,940 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 425 ... ... 23,505 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 163,140 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
1 person 50,380 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
2 persons 57,295 ... ... 1,227,765 ... ...
3 persons 24,530 ... ... 489,460 ... ...
4 persons 20,695 ... ... 426,250 ... ...
5 or more persons 10,240 ... ... 212,960 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 376,905 ... ... 7,965,455 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 314,700 153,465 161,235 6,831,105 3,334,220 3,496,885
Married or living common law 179,220 89,520 89,695 3,844,145 1,924,750 1,919,395
Married 116,555 58,205 58,355 2,342,980 1,172,720 1,170,260
Living common law 62,655 31,315 31,345 1,501,160 752,025 749,135
Not married and not living common law 135,485 63,945 71,540 2,986,960 1,409,475 1,577,490
Never married 90,650 48,230 42,420 2,010,580 1,084,300 926,280
Separated 6,055 2,735 3,325 103,625 46,390 57,240
Divorced 22,675 9,305 13,370 483,195 194,430 288,760
Widowed 16,100 3,680 12,425 389,555 84,345 305,210
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 108,555 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
2 persons 57,105 ... ... 1,204,955 ... ...
3 persons 23,485 ... ... 466,310 ... ...
4 persons 19,725 ... ... 412,160 ... ...
5 or more persons 8,240 ... ... 174,140 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 108,560 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
Total couple families 88,020 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Married couples 56,705 ... ... 1,128,355 ... ...
Common-law couples 31,325 ... ... 749,740 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 20,535 ... ... 379,460 ... ...
Female parent 15,205 ... ... 284,900 ... ...
Male parent 5,330 ... ... 94,565 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 88,025 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Couples without children 44,400 ... ... 970,260 ... ...
Couples with children 43,625 ... ... 907,840 ... ...
1 child 17,455 ... ... 356,640 ... ...
2 children 18,295 ... ... 384,875 ... ...
3 or more children 7,875 ... ... 166,315 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 20,535 ... ... 379,465 ... ...
1 child 12,710 ... ... 234,695 ... ...
2 children 6,025 ... ... 109,670 ... ...
3 or more children 1,800 ... ... 35,100 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 69,380 33,960 35,415 1,579,070 775,765 803,305
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 163,135 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
One-census-family households 105,335 ... ... 2,197,340 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 43,070 ... ... 947,305 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 62,265 ... ... 1,250,040 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,595 ... ... 29,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 56,205 ... ... 1,304,725 ... ...
One-person households 50,375 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 5,830 ... ... 129,500 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 379,035 186,855 192,175 8,066,560 3,977,275 4,089,285
English only 32,870 17,415 15,455 372,445 187,595 184,860
French only 113,235 51,610 61,625 4,032,640 1,874,545 2,158,095
English and French 231,100 117,010 114,090 3,586,410 1,884,135 1,702,275
Neither English nor French 1,830 820 1,010 75,065 31,000 44,060
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 379,030 186,860 192,175 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
English 65,960 33,585 32,380 964,120 482,985 481,135
French 301,475 147,580 153,900 6,750,945 3,320,380 3,430,560
English and French 9,845 4,920 4,930 278,710 144,060 134,655
Neither English nor French 1,750 780 975 72,775 29,845 42,930
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 70,885 36,040 34,840 1,103,480 555,015 548,465
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 18.7 19.3 18.1 13.7 14.0 13.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 379,030 186,860 192,175 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 369,070 181,920 187,150 7,881,650 3,884,675 3,996,975
Official languages 337,655 166,580 171,075 6,820,815 3,366,970 3,453,845
English 53,770 27,455 26,315 601,155 301,860 299,300
French 283,885 139,125 144,760 6,219,665 3,065,115 3,154,550
Non-official languages 31,415 15,335 16,080 1,060,830 517,700 543,125
Aboriginal languages 620 280 340 45,570 22,530 23,040
Algonquian languages 585 260 315 33,140 16,365 16,770
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 295 135 155 31,430 15,575 15,855
Atikamekw 10 5 5 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 5 5 0 8,715 4,155 4,555
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Naskapi 5 0 0 590 285 305
Northern East Cree 35 15 25 135 55 80
Plains Cree 0 5 0 5 0 5
Southern East Cree 5 0 5 35 15 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Woods Cree 5 5 5 10 5 5
Cree, n.o.s. 220 110 115 15,790 7,920 7,875
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0 485 225 260
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 485 220 260
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 285 125 160 1,215 565 645
Algonquin 280 125 160 1,185 555 630
Ojibway 5 0 0 20 10 15
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 15 10 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 15 10 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 30 10 15 11,970 5,955 6,015
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 25 15 15 11,895 5,925 5,970
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 25 45
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 375 165 210
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 5 365 160 210
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 5 5 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 5 65 30 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 30,790 15,055 15,735 1,015,260 495,175 520,090
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,915 4,160 3,760 197,535 104,185 93,355
Berber languages 550 310 240 20,845 11,125 9,720
Kabyle 365 200 165 12,470 6,625 5,840
Berber languages, n.i.e. 185 110 70 8,375 4,500 3,875
Cushitic languages 285 140 150 1,125 545 580
Bilen 0 0 0 10 10 5
Oromo 10 5 5 15 10 5
Somali 275 135 140 1,075 515 560
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 30 20 10
Semitic languages 7,060 3,690 3,365 175,215 92,310 82,900
Amharic 60 25 35 745 340 405
Arabic 6,930 3,630 3,305 169,890 89,590 80,300
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 10 5 150 80 70
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 15 10 5
Harari 0 0 0 0 5 5
Hebrew 15 15 5 3,885 2,040 1,845
Maltese 0 0 0 25 10 15
Tigrigna 35 20 15 385 185 205
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 60 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 355 200 155
Austro-Asiatic languages 620 300 320 36,305 17,030 19,275
Khmer (Cambodian) 210 100 115 8,855 4,105 4,750
Vietnamese 405 195 205 27,425 12,920 14,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 355 90 265 21,635 7,800 13,835
Bikol 5 0 0 115 35 80
Cebuano 20 5 15 885 270 610
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 410 125 275
Ilocano 10 5 5 2,060 745 1,315
Malagasy 55 25 30 1,250 590 660
Malay 35 5 30 705 265 440
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 205 90 110
Pangasinan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 220 45 175 15,545 5,480 10,065
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 50 10 40
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 320 140 180
Creole languages 1,230 555 675 56,990 25,220 31,770
Haitian Creole 125 60 65 2,220 1,055 1,170
Creole, n.o.s. 1,085 490 595 53,785 23,675 30,110
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 980 490 490
Dravidian languages 55 30 20 14,865 7,435 7,430
Kannada 0 0 0 240 130 110
Malayalam 5 0 0 440 235 205
Tamil 45 25 15 13,600 6,715 6,880
Telugu 5 5 5 570 345 230
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 15 10 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 25 10 15
Indo-European languages 14,730 7,115 7,610 553,045 269,625 283,420
Albanian 50 20 25 2,795 1,420 1,370
Armenian 60 25 30 16,430 7,970 8,460
Balto-Slavic languages 3,060 1,440 1,625 68,155 30,960 37,195
Baltic languages 30 15 15 850 335 515
Latvian 15 10 5 290 120 175
Lithuanian 15 10 5 555 215 340
Slavic languages 3,030 1,420 1,610 67,310 30,630 36,675
Belarusan 10 5 5 80 45 35
Bosnian 160 85 75 1,620 805 815
Bulgarian 225 110 115 6,985 3,385 3,600
Croatian 180 95 85 2,330 1,165 1,170
Czech 85 35 50 1,465 690 775
Macedonian 10 5 5 205 105 95
Polish 475 200 270 13,935 6,065 7,865
Russian 705 305 395 28,565 12,715 15,850
Serbian 580 305 275 3,140 1,590 1,545
Serbo-Croatian 370 185 190 1,805 865 940
Slovak 50 20 30 1,040 455 585
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 5 755 350 405
Ukrainian 165 65 100 5,210 2,285 2,920
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 175 90 85
Celtic languages 5 5 0 155 95 60
Scottish Gaelic 0 5 0 20 15 10
Welsh 5 5 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 55 30
Germanic languages 1,065 465 595 27,540 13,280 14,260
Afrikaans 10 5 0 125 60 65
Danish 25 20 10 395 190 200
Dutch 230 105 125 2,825 1,395 1,430
Frisian 0 0 0 10 10 0
German 715 310 410 13,670 6,340 7,330
Icelandic 0 0 0 65 30 35
Norwegian 15 0 10 200 100 100
Swedish 25 10 15 555 255 300
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 15 540 240 300
Yiddish 5 0 0 8,985 4,560 4,420
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 175 100 75
Greek 165 100 65 38,635 19,435 19,205
Indo-Iranian languages 1,080 575 505 76,040 39,205 36,835
Indo-Aryan languages 370 205 170 45,845 23,875 21,970
Bengali 80 45 40 10,995 5,620 5,380
Gujarati 15 5 10 6,070 2,980 3,090
Hindi 55 25 25 3,030 1,635 1,390
Kashmiri 0 0 0 20 15 5
Konkani 5 5 0 110 60 55
Marathi 10 0 5 255 145 110
Nepali 5 5 0 1,505 740 765
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 70 35 30 12,380 6,720 5,660
Sindhi 0 0 0 330 160 165
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 5 5 645 310 330
Urdu 120 70 55 10,470 5,460 5,010
Iranian languages 700 370 330 29,760 15,105 14,655
Kurdish 80 50 30 985 550 430
Pashto 30 15 15 1,285 680 610
Persian (Farsi) 590 300 290 27,490 13,875 13,615
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 440 225 210
Italic (Romance) languages 9,245 4,485 4,760 323,290 157,260 166,030
Catalan 10 5 0 320 170 150
Italian 460 265 190 104,600 51,705 52,895
Portuguese 2,755 1,360 1,400 36,770 17,735 19,035
Romanian 1,065 515 545 35,840 17,170 18,665
Spanish 4,955 2,335 2,620 145,635 70,405 75,235
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 125 75 50
Japanese 115 35 80 2,525 775 1,750
Kartvelian languages 5 0 0 170 80 85
Georgian 0 0 0 170 80 90
Korean 135 50 85 5,160 2,270 2,890
Mongolic languages 5 5 5 190 75 115
Mongolian 0 5 0 195 80 115
Niger-Congo languages 3,150 1,560 1,595 28,355 14,360 13,995
Akan (Twi) 30 15 15 1,050 520 525
Bamanankan 70 35 35 1,200 655 545
Edo 10 5 5 75 45 30
Ewe 90 50 40 730 400 325
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 160 80 75 2,055 1,080 970
Ga 0 0 0 80 40 40
Ganda 15 5 10 35 15 20
Igbo 20 15 5 120 70 50
Lingala 190 95 95 2,465 1,185 1,285
Rundi (Kirundi) 660 315 345 3,345 1,600 1,745
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 500 225 280 2,500 1,115 1,380
Shona 10 0 5 85 45 40
Swahili 485 245 245 3,010 1,460 1,545
Wolof 200 100 100 3,230 1,745 1,485
Yoruba 30 15 15 255 155 100
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 695 365 330 8,135 4,235 3,895
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 15 15 345 180 165
Dinka 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 335 170 165
Sign languages 60 25 30 1,330 700 630
American Sign Language 10 5 10 65 35 30
Quebec Sign Language 25 10 15 670 330 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 15 10 595 340 255
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,865 860 1,010 76,840 35,775 41,065
Chinese languages 1,855 855 1,000 76,490 35,600 40,895
Cantonese 300 135 160 24,375 11,505 12,875
Hakka 0 0 0 470 215 260
Mandarin 1,395 645 750 43,700 20,175 23,525
Min Dong 0 0 0 20 10 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 55 20 30 3,225 1,480 1,745
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 5 5 1,075 465 605
Chinese, n.o.s. 90 45 45 3,535 1,710 1,825
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 90 40 45
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 5 5 345 175 170
Burmese 10 0 5 80 30 50
Karenic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tibetan 0 0 0 110 65 50
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 85 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 170 65 105 4,895 2,185 2,710
Lao 120 55 60 4,115 1,995 2,120
Thai 55 15 40 765 180 585
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 125 65 60 7,980 4,095 3,880
Azerbaijani 0 5 0 290 160 130
Turkish 95 55 40 7,155 3,685 3,470
Uyghur 5 0 5 205 100 105
Uzbek 15 5 10 145 70 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 185 80 105
Uralic languages 180 100 80 6,400 2,985 3,410
Estonian 10 5 5 195 75 120
Finnish 25 10 10 360 125 240
Hungarian 150 85 65 5,835 2,790 3,045
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 50 25 30 685 385 300
Multiple responses 9,960 4,940 5,020 184,905 92,600 92,310
English and French 6,310 3,130 3,180 72,395 36,695 35,695
English and non-official language 830 405 420 27,485 13,545 13,945
French and non-official language 2,200 1,085 1,115 67,075 33,110 33,970
English, French and non-official language 625 315 300 17,950 9,245 8,705
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 379,030 186,860 192,170 8,066,560 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 364,765 179,995 184,770 7,743,740 3,819,315 3,924,425
Official languages 348,835 172,235 176,600 7,157,850 3,536,165 3,621,685
English 64,470 33,025 31,450 782,185 391,125 391,060
French 284,360 139,210 145,155 6,375,665 3,145,040 3,230,625
Non-official languages 15,935 7,765 8,165 585,890 283,150 302,735
Aboriginal languages 265 125 140 40,190 20,205 19,980
Algonquian languages 260 120 145 28,695 14,385 14,310
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 190 95 100 28,110 14,105 14,005
Atikamekw 5 0 5 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 7,375 3,590 3,790
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 590 295 290
Northern East Cree 20 10 15 60 30 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 5 15 5 10
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 5 5 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 160 85 80 14,590 7,355 7,235
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 220 115 110
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 220 110 105
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 65 25 40 370 170 200
Algonquin 65 25 40 360 165 195
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 11,375 5,770 5,615
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuktitut 0 5 0 11,350 5,750 5,600
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 70 35 30
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 5 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 10 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 15,670 7,640 8,025 545,695 262,940 282,755
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,295 2,155 2,140 91,660 46,550 45,110
Berber languages 250 135 120 7,495 3,895 3,605
Kabyle 200 105 95 5,105 2,660 2,450
Berber languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 2,390 1,235 1,150
Cushitic languages 145 70 75 535 240 295
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 5
Oromo 0 0 0 5 0 0
Somali 140 70 75 520 230 290
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 3,890 1,945 1,945 83,520 42,365 41,160
Amharic 25 5 20 340 150 185
Arabic 3,840 1,925 1,915 81,105 41,150 39,955
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 95 50 45
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 5
Harari 0 0 0 5 0 5
Hebrew 15 5 5 1,705 880 825
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 10 5 5 205 95 105
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 25 35
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 105 50 55
Austro-Asiatic languages 375 185 190 24,980 11,675 13,305
Khmer (Cambodian) 125 70 60 5,180 2,370 2,805
Vietnamese 250 120 130 19,790 9,295 10,495
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 5 10
Austronesian languages 55 25 35 9,715 3,960 5,750
Bikol 0 0 0 15 5 10
Cebuano 0 0 0 230 100 125
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 5 0 5 130 55 75
Ilocano 0 0 0 740 305 435
Malagasy 5 0 5 360 185 170
Malay 5 0 5 175 85 95
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 60 30 30
Pangasinan 0 0 0 10 5 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 35 15 20 7,905 3,150 4,760
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 75 35 35
Creole languages 395 170 225 20,705 8,780 11,925
Haitian Creole 60 25 35 855 380 475
Creole, n.o.s. 335 140 190 19,405 8,200 11,210
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 440 200 240
Dravidian languages 35 15 15 11,400 5,595 5,805
Kannada 0 0 0 150 85 65
Malayalam 0 0 0 200 100 100
Tamil 25 15 5 10,720 5,215 5,500
Telugu 5 0 0 330 190 135
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 15 5 5
Indo-European languages 7,935 3,850 4,090 303,215 146,100 157,115
Albanian 25 10 15 1,615 795 820
Armenian 45 20 25 11,990 5,680 6,310
Balto-Slavic languages 1,890 910 980 40,405 19,085 21,325
Baltic languages 0 0 5 190 80 105
Latvian 0 0 0 75 40 40
Lithuanian 0 0 5 115 40 70
Slavic languages 1,890 910 980 40,220 19,000 21,220
Belarusan 10 5 5 25 15 15
Bosnian 120 60 55 965 475 495
Bulgarian 160 75 90 5,125 2,495 2,630
Croatian 100 45 55 1,015 475 545
Czech 25 10 15 460 220 240
Macedonian 5 5 0 130 65 65
Polish 160 65 95 5,970 2,695 3,270
Russian 480 215 260 20,680 9,775 10,900
Serbian 480 255 225 2,010 1,020 990
Serbo-Croatian 265 140 130 960 470 490
Slovak 15 5 10 245 120 130
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 225 95 135
Ukrainian 65 30 35 2,365 1,060 1,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 40 15 25
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 10 10 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 5
Germanic languages 165 70 90 9,890 4,980 4,905
Afrikaans 0 0 0 15 10 10
Danish 5 0 5 50 25 25
Dutch 25 10 15 375 170 205
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 115 50 65 2,550 1,190 1,365
Icelandic 0 0 5 30 15 20
Norwegian 0 0 0 20 5 10
Swedish 15 5 10 105 50 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 70 35 40
Yiddish 0 0 0 6,665 3,485 3,180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Greek 40 20 20 18,545 8,865 9,680
Indo-Iranian languages 600 300 295 53,555 26,845 26,710
Indo-Aryan languages 175 90 90 31,575 15,985 15,585
Bengali 35 20 15 8,180 4,055 4,125
Gujarati 5 5 0 3,840 1,860 1,985
Hindi 20 10 15 1,535 790 745
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 30 15 15
Marathi 5 5 0 80 40 40
Nepali 5 5 0 1,355 655 700
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 30 20 10 8,840 4,690 4,155
Sindhi 0 0 0 135 65 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 5 365 185 180
Urdu 65 35 30 7,180 3,620 3,565
Iranian languages 415 205 210 21,745 10,740 11,010
Kurdish 60 35 30 510 280 235
Pashto 10 10 5 925 460 465
Persian (Farsi) 335 160 170 20,310 10,005 10,305
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 235 120 120
Italic (Romance) languages 5,170 2,510 2,660 167,190 79,835 87,355
Catalan 0 5 0 110 50 60
Italian 60 40 25 32,935 14,595 18,340
Portuguese 1,160 565 600 17,260 8,250 9,005
Romanian 670 325 345 24,520 12,000 12,525
Spanish 3,275 1,585 1,690 92,330 44,920 47,415
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Japanese 50 15 30 1,050 425 620
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Georgian 0 0 0 70 40 35
Korean 70 35 40 3,540 1,630 1,910
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 145 70 75
Mongolian 5 5 5 145 70 75
Niger-Congo languages 795 370 420 7,250 3,450 3,800
Akan (Twi) 5 0 0 445 215 235
Bamanankan 15 10 10 265 135 125
Edo 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ewe 10 5 5 140 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 35 15 15 530 255 280
Ga 0 0 0 15 5 10
Ganda 5 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 5 15 10 10
Lingala 45 20 20 625 270 355
Rundi (Kirundi) 215 100 115 1,110 510 600
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 105 45 60 530 225 305
Shona 0 0 0 20 10 10
Swahili 180 85 95 1,100 535 565
Wolof 70 30 35 1,035 555 480
Yoruba 10 0 5 55 25 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 105 45 55 1,350 635 710
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 0 5 135 70 65
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 130 65 65
Sign languages 80 45 35 1,770 1,000 775
American Sign Language 10 0 10 90 35 50
Quebec Sign Language 25 15 10 700 360 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 40 25 15 985 600 385
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,375 680 695 60,370 28,925 31,450
Chinese languages 1,370 675 695 60,155 28,805 31,345
Cantonese 150 75 75 17,845 8,470 9,375
Hakka 0 0 0 155 75 80
Mandarin 1,145 570 575 37,075 17,870 19,200
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 5 15 1,830 830 1,000
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 780 355 420
Chinese, n.o.s. 55 20 35 2,435 1,190 1,240
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 0 215 115 100
Burmese 5 0 0 35 15 20
Karenic languages 0 0 0 65 40 30
Tibetan 0 0 0 70 45 30
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Tai-Kadai languages 70 30 40 2,375 1,145 1,230
Lao 60 30 30 2,150 1,055 1,100
Thai 10 0 5 225 90 135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 65 30 35 5,120 2,540 2,575
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 100 50 55
Turkish 50 25 25 4,715 2,340 2,370
Uyghur 5 0 5 140 75 70
Uzbek 10 5 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 65 30 35
Uralic languages 50 25 25 2,025 895 1,130
Estonian 0 0 0 30 10 20
Finnish 5 5 0 50 20 30
Hungarian 45 25 25 1,945 860 1,085
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 150 90 60
Multiple responses 14,265 6,860 7,400 322,820 157,960 164,860
English and French 7,115 3,435 3,685 86,715 43,820 42,890
English and non-official language 1,765 865 900 54,400 26,255 28,140
French and non-official language 3,785 1,780 2,005 139,385 66,610 72,775
English, French and non-official language 1,595 780 810 42,320 21,270 21,045
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 379,035 186,860 192,170 8,066,555 3,977,275 4,089,285
None 295,565 145,725 149,845 6,825,240 3,356,340 3,468,900
English 47,465 23,435 24,030 513,410 263,670 249,735
French 21,460 10,620 10,835 320,370 158,340 162,030
Non-official language 11,090 5,375 5,715 317,790 154,450 163,340
Aboriginal 310 130 180 5,700 2,645 3,060
Non-Aboriginal 10,775 5,240 5,530 312,085 151,810 160,280
English and French 1,350 675 680 36,235 18,285 17,955
English and non-official language 1,330 655 670 28,630 14,075 14,555
French and non-official language 740 355 390 23,470 11,365 12,095
English, French and non-official language 30 20 15 1,420 740 680
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 309,065 151,385 157,685 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 297,515 145,645 151,870 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,195 40,371 34,172 32,975 37,842 28,522
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 297,610 145,650 151,960 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,400
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,519 34,809 30,304 29,535 33,110 26,119
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 264,810 131,850 132,965 5,685,690 2,866,470 2,819,220
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,056 38,731 31,386 30,067 35,597 25,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 221,450 101,525 119,925 4,973,245 2,300,800 2,672,445
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,164 5,887 7,986 7,307 5,851 8,246
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 217,940 110,945 107,000 4,627,795 2,408,420 2,219,370
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,727 38,078 33,313 31,263 35,627 27,219
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 309,055 151,375 157,680 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,245
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 297,445 145,480 151,960 6,417,010 3,159,415 3,257,595
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,868 48,842 41,064 42,546 49,087 36,203
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 297,530 145,495 152,040 6,418,440 3,159,550 3,258,890
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,612 39,298 34,041 34,887 39,292 30,616
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 264,850 131,810 133,040 5,685,905 2,866,415 2,819,485
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,267 47,915 38,662 40,505 47,810 33,079
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 221,045 101,210 119,830 4,972,650 2,299,595 2,673,050
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,536 7,807 9,151 8,590 7,846 9,229
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 217,935 110,745 107,185 4,627,775 2,408,655 2,219,120
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,044 46,332 39,646 40,382 45,974 34,313
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 309,050 151,375 157,680 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 104,790 54,880 49,905 2,036,965 1,114,940 922,025
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 54,947 57,280 52,539 47,111 51,622 42,433
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 59,659 63,144 55,827 56,564 62,750 49,085
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 85.9 88.9 82.4 84.4 88.3 79.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.3 72.2 68.2 68.4 71.4 64.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 14.1 11.1 17.6 15.6 11.7 20.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 309,065 151,380 157,680 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,140
Without total income 11,550 5,740 5,805 216,685 99,555 117,125
With total income 297,515 145,640 151,875 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Percentage with total income 96.3 96.2 96.3 96.7 96.9 96.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 34,980 16,440 18,540 789,595 351,935 437,660
$10,000 to $19,999 48,975 20,905 28,070 1,188,135 476,630 711,500
$20,000 to $29,999 39,650 17,905 21,745 976,210 428,390 547,830
$30,000 to $39,999 34,965 16,900 18,060 852,735 414,105 438,625
$40,000 to $49,999 32,430 15,995 16,435 747,995 378,215 369,780
$50,000 to $59,999 27,660 13,815 13,850 540,265 292,110 248,150
$60,000 to $69,999 22,300 11,375 10,925 375,935 214,805 161,130
$70,000 to $79,999 16,680 8,590 8,090 286,025 164,240 121,790
$80,000 to $89,999 12,385 6,670 5,715 189,350 113,715 75,635
$90,000 to $99,999 8,605 4,795 3,810 122,750 80,090 42,660
$100,000 and over 18,885 12,255 6,630 348,620 246,360 102,255
$100,000 to $149,999 14,940 9,480 5,465 236,515 164,145 72,370
$150,000 and over 3,940 2,775 1,165 112,105 82,215 29,885
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 309,065 151,385 157,680 6,634,295 3,260,150 3,374,140
Without after-tax income 11,455 5,735 5,725 215,120 99,375 115,750
With after-tax income 297,610 145,650 151,960 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,395
Percentage with after-tax income 96.3 96.2 96.4 96.8 97.0 96.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 36,710 16,810 19,900 822,725 359,045 463,675
$10,000 to $19,999 51,540 22,325 29,220 1,246,480 505,165 741,315
$20,000 to $29,999 48,605 22,505 26,100 1,192,885 541,080 651,810
$30,000 to $39,999 46,425 22,890 23,530 1,096,510 553,200 543,315
$40,000 to $49,999 39,775 20,100 19,675 793,150 425,040 368,115
$50,000 to $59,999 28,710 14,630 14,080 498,475 283,130 215,345
$60,000 to $69,999 19,250 10,060 9,195 309,415 180,470 128,945
$70,000 to $79,999 11,695 6,650 5,050 167,895 108,500 59,395
$80,000 and over 14,885 9,685 5,200 291,635 205,155 86,485
$80,000 to $89,999 6,300 3,935 2,365 95,010 64,670 30,335
$90,000 to $99,999 3,155 2,025 1,135 55,980 39,080 16,905
$100,000 and over 5,430 3,725 1,710 140,645 101,405 39,240
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 309,070 151,385 157,685 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Without employment income 91,125 40,440 50,680 2,006,505 851,730 1,154,775
With employment income 217,945 110,945 107,000 4,627,790 2,408,420 2,219,375
Percentage with employment income 70.5 73.3 67.9 69.8 73.9 65.8
Under $5,000 (including loss) 25,555 13,115 12,445 606,300 311,780 294,520
$5,000 to $9,999 16,075 7,250 8,825 367,030 162,150 204,885
$10,000 to $19,999 29,700 13,975 15,725 681,920 305,995 375,920
$20,000 to $29,999 24,680 11,930 12,750 586,140 269,950 316,195
$30,000 to $39,999 22,760 11,340 11,415 565,425 277,135 288,285
$40,000 to $49,999 20,475 10,205 10,265 476,665 247,105 229,560
$50,000 to $59,999 19,405 9,570 9,835 359,180 203,580 155,600
$60,000 to $69,999 16,120 8,165 7,950 266,650 156,255 110,395
$70,000 to $79,999 12,580 6,595 5,990 224,040 129,890 94,150
$80,000 and over 30,595 18,800 11,795 494,440 344,585 149,855
$80,000 to $89,999 9,810 5,480 4,330 139,830 90,295 49,540
$90,000 to $99,999 6,690 3,960 2,730 93,860 64,160 29,700
$100,000 and over 14,095 9,365 4,730 260,745 190,125 70,620
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 163,135 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 67,230 ... ... 59,822 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 57,248 ... ... 52,207 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 50,380 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,090 ... ... 31,574 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,660 ... ... 28,469 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 112,760 ... ... 2,356,430 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,275 ... ... 78,645 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 72,721 ... ... 67,665 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 163,140 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 81,808 ... ... 77,306 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 66,772 ... ... 63,404 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 50,385 ... ... 1,174,695 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,178 ... ... 40,042 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,466 ... ... 33,262 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 112,750 ... ... 2,356,970 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,072 ... ... 95,878 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 80,763 ... ... 78,426 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 163,135 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,960 ... ... 47,170 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,425 ... ... 56,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,935 ... ... 119,570 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,980 ... ... 180,865 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,110 ... ... 179,690 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,240 ... ... 154,150 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 7,255 ... ... 185,000 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 7,345 ... ... 184,435 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 7,195 ... ... 179,855 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 7,105 ... ... 170,445 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 13,740 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 12,660 ... ... 273,620 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 11,170 ... ... 241,940 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 10,225 ... ... 208,620 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 8,765 ... ... 176,355 ... ...
$100,000 and over 48,030 ... ... 860,030 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 17,285 ... ... 327,435 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 11,625 ... ... 204,105 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 12,235 ... ... 192,155 ... ...
$200,000 and over 6,885 ... ... 136,335 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 163,140 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,070 ... ... 50,445 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,475 ... ... 57,335 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,000 ... ... 120,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,370 ... ... 190,300 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,960 ... ... 202,905 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 7,590 ... ... 187,365 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 9,305 ... ... 231,765 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 9,335 ... ... 225,695 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 9,180 ... ... 211,990 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,990 ... ... 202,760 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 16,630 ... ... 363,775 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 14,700 ... ... 309,825 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 12,500 ... ... 256,150 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 10,500 ... ... 208,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 8,625 ... ... 166,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 30,905 ... ... 545,440 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 15,190 ... ... 269,170 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 8,155 ... ... 130,225 ... ...
$150,000 and over 7,570 ... ... 146,045 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 108,680 ... ... 2,261,890 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,923 ... ... 79,378 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 73,104 ... ... 68,152 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 42,110 ... ... 930,195 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,574 ... ... 70,075 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 65,965 ... ... 60,224 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 43,935 ... ... 911,980 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 116,432 ... ... 105,246 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,243 ... ... 88,844 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 19,735 ... ... 364,085 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,981 ... ... 52,708 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,345 ... ... 47,805 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 108,615 ... ... 2,262,045 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 99,839 ... ... 96,863 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,231 ... ... 79,060 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 42,035 ... ... 929,645 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 90,244 ... ... 86,304 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,913 ... ... 70,167 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 44,040 ... ... 912,560 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 126,619 ... ... 122,835 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,253 ... ... 99,279 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 19,650 ... ... 363,610 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,037 ... ... 61,753 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,605 ... ... 53,052 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 61,930 30,650 31,275 1,433,210 711,180 722,030
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,136 33,648 32,626 29,195 31,526 27,210
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,538 29,798 29,323 26,706 28,214 25,434
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 61,985 30,780 31,205 1,430,625 708,225 722,405
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,362 41,145 39,590 37,684 39,840 35,571
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,397 33,820 32,979 31,513 32,729 30,321
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 376,905 186,080 190,830 7,965,455 3,941,475 4,023,970
In the bottom half of the distribution 192,605 93,525 99,085 4,577,885 2,216,770 2,361,115
In the bottom decile 33,885 16,870 17,015 747,785 368,385 379,395
In the second decile 36,730 17,255 19,470 898,605 408,705 489,900
In the third decile 39,785 19,180 20,605 997,185 481,975 515,210
In the fourth decile 41,120 19,880 21,240 996,230 490,275 505,960
In the fifth decile 41,090 20,335 20,750 938,080 467,425 470,655
In the top half of the distribution 184,300 92,555 91,750 3,387,565 1,724,710 1,662,855
In the sixth decile 42,265 20,950 21,315 881,640 444,865 436,775
In the seventh decile 42,185 20,980 21,210 806,685 409,470 397,220
In the eighth decile 41,190 20,760 20,425 700,450 357,000 343,455
In the ninth decile 36,265 18,435 17,830 557,160 286,195 270,960
In the top decile 22,400 11,435 10,965 441,630 227,185 214,445
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 375,695 185,465 190,225 7,921,505 3,919,560 4,001,945
0 to 17 years 80,000 40,875 39,125 1,564,410 800,455 763,960
0 to 5 years 27,195 13,855 13,340 532,410 272,790 259,625
18 to 64 years 242,000 119,125 122,870 5,021,875 2,498,900 2,522,980
65 years and over 53,690 25,465 28,230 1,335,220 620,210 715,010
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 50,520 24,285 26,240 1,160,190 542,405 617,785
0 to 17 years 11,375 5,925 5,450 222,955 114,410 108,540
0 to 5 years 4,095 2,170 1,925 75,270 38,595 36,670
18 to 64 years 30,540 14,940 15,600 688,130 334,825 353,305
65 years and over 8,605 3,420 5,185 249,110 93,170 155,930
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.4 13.1 13.8 14.6 13.8 15.4
0 to 17 years (%) 14.2 14.5 13.9 14.3 14.3 14.2
0 to 5 years (%) 15.1 15.7 14.4 14.1 14.1 14.1
18 to 64 years (%) 12.6 12.5 12.7 13.7 13.4 14.0
65 years and over (%) 16.0 13.4 18.4 18.7 15.0 21.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 32,645 16,085 16,560 731,340 358,085 373,260
0 to 17 years 6,880 3,575 3,305 129,325 66,400 62,925
0 to 5 years 2,560 1,335 1,220 44,375 22,705 21,675
18 to 64 years 22,525 11,360 11,170 514,540 261,485 253,060
65 years and over 3,235 1,150 2,095 87,475 30,205 57,270
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.7 8.7 8.7 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 8.6 8.7 8.4 8.3 8.3 8.2
0 to 5 years (%) 9.4 9.6 9.1 8.3 8.3 8.3
18 to 64 years (%) 9.3 9.5 9.1 10.2 10.5 10.0
65 years and over (%) 6.0 4.5 7.4 6.6 4.9 8.0
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 376,910 186,090 190,815 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Official languages 375,135 185,315 189,820 7,891,110 3,911,220 3,979,890
English 262,960 133,665 129,295 3,930,690 2,058,470 1,872,225
French 342,240 167,890 174,350 7,522,350 3,725,145 3,797,200
Non-official languages 53,725 25,815 27,905 1,610,980 776,265 834,720
Aboriginal languages 980 400 575 50,890 25,190 25,700
Algonquian languages 945 385 555 37,515 18,545 18,965
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 380 140 245 34,415 17,050 17,370
Atikamekw 10 0 10 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 15 10 10 9,850 4,735 5,115
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 10 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 775 385 385
Northern East Cree 50 25 30 260 130 130
Plains Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 35 25 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 10 15 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cree, n.o.s. 290 100 190 17,175 8,600 8,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 25 20 10 885 460 420
Malecite 0 0 0 10 0 0
Mi'kmaq 30 20 10 880 460 425
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 530 225 305 2,340 1,105 1,235
Algonquin 500 210 285 2,240 1,055 1,185
Ojibway 35 20 20 105 50 50
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 20 15 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 10 0 0 0 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 10 10 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 20 10 0 12,595 6,270 6,330
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 15 0 0 12,485 6,210 6,270
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 115 60 60
Iroquoian languages 0 0 10 740 360 375
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 690 350 335
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 50 15 35
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 10 0 30 15 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 10 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 0 90 40 55
Non-Aboriginal languages 52,760 25,425 27,340 1,560,375 751,215 809,160
Afro-Asiatic languages 11,160 5,860 5,300 301,035 157,545 143,490
Berber languages 800 450 350 27,595 14,650 12,945
Kabyle 500 250 250 16,170 8,580 7,590
Berber languages, n.i.e. 305 205 100 11,580 6,150 5,425
Cushitic languages 380 185 195 1,550 745 805
Bilen 0 0 0 35 20 10
Oromo 15 10 0 45 30 10
Somali 360 165 195 1,460 680 780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 10,400 5,485 4,915 286,625 149,970 136,660
Amharic 150 70 85 1,145 540 600
Arabic 10,145 5,365 4,780 267,965 140,280 127,685
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 0 15 195 95 95
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 85 55 30 18,035 9,490 8,540
Maltese 10 0 10 40 10 25
Tigrigna 50 20 30 420 195 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 180 85 95
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 70 40 25 810 430 380
Austro-Asiatic languages 870 425 440 46,050 21,955 24,095
Khmer (Cambodian) 260 130 125 11,840 5,620 6,220
Vietnamese 615 300 315 34,580 16,520 18,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 15
Austronesian languages 630 210 420 31,230 11,820 19,410
Bikol 0 0 0 105 45 60
Cebuano 20 0 20 1,105 360 750
Fijian 0 0 0 15 0 10
Hiligaynon 25 10 15 540 195 350
Ilocano 10 0 0 2,500 890 1,610
Malagasy 105 45 55 1,980 940 1,040
Malay 90 40 50 1,210 525 690
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 195 95 100
Pangasinan 0 0 0 60 20 40
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 405 105 300 26,705 9,785 16,915
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 10 45
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 540 270 275
Creole languages 2,895 1,375 1,520 115,445 51,970 63,475
Haitian Creole 225 115 110 4,910 2,285 2,620
Creole, n.o.s. 2,600 1,220 1,380 108,315 48,615 59,705
Creole languages, n.i.e. 70 35 35 2,835 1,390 1,445
Dravidian languages 75 40 30 18,710 9,495 9,210
Kannada 0 0 0 415 210 205
Malayalam 10 10 0 510 285 220
Tamil 55 30 20 17,245 8,680 8,565
Telugu 10 0 0 930 540 390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 35 15 25
Indo-European languages 29,180 13,665 15,515 912,945 435,785 477,155
Albanian 80 40 40 3,375 1,730 1,645
Armenian 90 50 35 20,290 9,790 10,500
Balto-Slavic languages 4,040 2,010 2,030 88,425 41,725 46,700
Baltic languages 50 25 25 1,080 500 585
Latvian 25 15 10 335 150 185
Lithuanian 25 10 15 755 350 410
Slavic languages 4,005 1,985 2,015 87,520 41,315 46,205
Belarusan 40 15 25 365 150 215
Bosnian 240 125 115 1,975 990 985
Bulgarian 235 120 120 7,345 3,595 3,750
Croatian 280 135 145 3,580 1,760 1,820
Czech 100 40 55 2,070 975 1,095
Macedonian 25 15 10 285 140 145
Polish 510 225 290 17,760 8,090 9,665
Russian 1,485 750 735 46,665 22,265 24,400
Serbian 705 365 340 4,050 1,980 2,070
Serbo-Croatian 435 245 190 2,385 1,140 1,245
Slovak 110 35 80 1,520 705 820
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 15 10 970 490 480
Ukrainian 330 150 185 9,015 3,885 5,135
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 75 75
Celtic languages 35 10 20 495 305 195
Scottish Gaelic 20 10 10 155 95 65
Welsh 10 0 10 85 45 40
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 265 175 95
Germanic languages 2,560 1,315 1,250 63,370 31,835 31,530
Afrikaans 50 20 25 415 260 150
Danish 75 45 25 835 410 420
Dutch 340 170 165 5,060 2,665 2,395
Frisian 0 10 0 15 10 0
German 2,065 1,090 975 43,475 21,950 21,530
Icelandic 15 10 10 140 80 60
Norwegian 35 15 20 510 255 255
Swedish 40 20 25 1,580 785 795
Vlaams (Flemish) 50 10 35 760 265 495
Yiddish 0 0 0 12,375 6,225 6,155
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 270 125 140
Greek 250 170 80 51,060 25,520 25,540
Indo-Iranian languages 1,390 675 715 93,655 48,040 45,615
Indo-Aryan languages 580 235 340 59,570 30,870 28,700
Bengali 65 30 35 12,870 6,610 6,260
Gujarati 20 10 10 7,950 3,860 4,090
Hindi 205 95 115 15,570 8,285 7,280
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 35 15
Konkani 0 0 0 150 70 75
Marathi 0 0 0 475 240 230
Nepali 30 15 10 1,445 725 720
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 55 35 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 150 70 85 17,860 9,690 8,165
Sindhi 10 0 10 500 240 255
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 10 10 1,335 625 710
Urdu 275 100 175 16,545 8,655 7,890
Iranian languages 850 455 395 35,420 17,830 17,585
Kurdish 140 95 40 1,255 665 590
Pashto 20 15 10 1,825 1,005 825
Persian (Farsi) 755 385 370 32,965 16,560 16,405
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 845 425 420
Italic (Romance) languages 21,960 10,025 11,935 627,545 293,620 333,920
Catalan 15 10 0 890 525 365
Italian 1,860 975 880 173,710 84,430 89,275
Portuguese 3,700 1,745 1,950 55,100 27,620 27,475
Romanian 1,325 665 660 42,655 20,550 22,110
Spanish 16,285 7,205 9,075 390,355 177,610 212,745
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 20 10 490 345 145
Japanese 275 160 120 7,040 3,340 3,695
Kartvelian languages 10 0 0 220 110 110
Georgian 10 0 0 215 105 110
Korean 215 95 120 6,260 2,825 3,430
Mongolic languages 15 10 10 270 135 130
Mongolian 15 10 0 265 135 130
Niger-Congo languages 5,810 2,895 2,910 52,840 26,665 26,175
Akan (Twi) 70 30 45 1,800 945 855
Bamanankan 235 105 130 2,385 1,240 1,145
Edo 20 10 10 190 95 95
Ewe 170 105 65 1,410 865 545
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 275 140 135 3,400 1,785 1,620
Ga 20 10 20 315 155 160
Ganda 15 0 10 90 40 55
Igbo 30 20 0 275 190 90
Lingala 760 365 390 9,630 4,430 5,200
Rundi (Kirundi) 980 485 495 4,490 2,210 2,285
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 835 410 425 3,535 1,640 1,895
Shona 20 15 10 150 75 80
Swahili 1,315 705 610 8,015 4,080 3,935
Wolof 505 225 280 6,555 3,545 3,015
Yoruba 155 90 65 885 485 395
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,645 845 795 17,720 9,125 8,595
Nilo-Saharan languages 60 30 30 695 345 350
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 55 30 30 695 345 350
Sign languages 445 185 260 7,775 3,095 4,675
American Sign Language 135 35 95 675 245 435
Quebec Sign Language 155 55 90 4,405 1,590 2,815
Sign languages, n.i.e. 195 105 90 2,960 1,350 1,605
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,325 1,175 1,145 90,460 42,695 47,770
Chinese languages 2,310 1,170 1,140 90,060 42,480 47,580
Cantonese 400 220 185 31,885 14,900 16,980
Hakka 0 0 0 545 240 310
Mandarin 1,845 915 935 59,240 27,560 31,685
Min Dong 0 0 0 15 10 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 85 40 40 4,215 1,860 2,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 0 0 1,230 535 690
Chinese, n.o.s. 125 65 60 4,800 2,380 2,425
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 10 10 430 235 195
Burmese 10 0 10 140 75 60
Karenic languages 0 0 0 105 55 45
Tibetan 0 0 0 65 50 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 140 65 80
Tai-Kadai languages 210 95 115 7,280 3,400 3,880
Lao 130 65 65 5,785 2,850 2,935
Thai 110 55 60 2,255 875 1,375
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Turkic languages 325 185 145 12,475 6,265 6,210
Azerbaijani 25 15 10 510 275 235
Turkish 245 145 105 11,415 5,755 5,665
Uyghur 0 0 0 230 110 120
Uzbek 40 20 20 230 105 125
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 235 115 120
Uralic languages 205 105 100 7,870 3,710 4,160
Estonian 10 10 0 150 55 95
Finnish 20 15 10 500 195 305
Hungarian 170 90 80 7,215 3,450 3,765
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 2,140 1,170 970
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 376,905 186,090 190,820 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 364,865 180,155 184,705 7,585,545 3,753,190 3,832,350
Canadian citizens aged under 18 78,225 40,095 38,130 1,521,230 779,620 741,610
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 286,635 140,060 146,580 6,064,310 2,973,575 3,090,740
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 12,045 5,935 6,105 379,910 188,245 191,665
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 376,905 186,090 190,815 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 337,815 166,625 171,190 6,788,085 3,365,345 3,422,735
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 37,040 18,420 18,620 1,091,310 530,325 560,980
Before 1981 5,975 3,045 2,935 238,655 117,080 121,575
1981 to 1990 3,985 2,150 1,835 127,340 63,150 64,190
1991 to 2000 7,175 3,520 3,645 187,860 89,210 98,650
2001 to 2010 12,205 5,885 6,320 322,280 155,785 166,495
2001 to 2005 5,585 2,670 2,910 140,170 67,835 72,335
2006 to 2010 6,620 3,210 3,410 182,115 87,945 94,165
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 7,700 3,815 3,880 215,170 105,105 110,065
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 2,050 1,045 1,005 86,065 45,765 40,295
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 37,040 18,420 18,615 1,091,305 530,325 560,980
Under 5 years 4,435 2,115 2,315 112,930 54,600 58,330
5 to 14 years 6,205 3,245 2,960 174,020 87,165 86,855
15 to 24 years 7,110 3,440 3,675 215,350 98,880 116,475
25 to 44 years 17,060 8,550 8,515 515,770 256,095 259,675
45 years and over 2,225 1,070 1,160 73,230 33,590 39,640
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 37,040 18,425 18,620 1,091,305 530,330 560,980
Americas 7,940 3,825 4,125 247,505 113,190 134,315
Brazil 300 160 145 7,345 3,515 3,830
Colombia 1,470 635 830 25,580 11,645 13,935
El Salvador 430 225 205 11,120 5,500 5,615
Guyana 30 15 15 2,490 1,085 1,410
Haiti 2,085 995 1,100 80,965 35,375 45,585
Jamaica 155 90 65 4,665 2,040 2,625
Mexico 505 185 325 15,820 7,090 8,730
Peru 360 185 170 13,265 5,945 7,325
Trinidad and Tobago 95 35 60 4,075 1,840 2,240
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,105 615 490 25,955 12,800 13,155
Other places of birth in Americas 1,410 695 720 56,235 26,370 29,870
Europe 10,130 5,015 5,110 311,090 154,910 156,185
Bosnia and Herzegovina 725 365 360 3,785 1,890 1,895
Croatia 220 120 105 2,140 1,085 1,050
France 2,305 1,165 1,140 81,225 43,490 37,735
Germany 465 225 235 9,750 4,365 5,390
Greece 70 40 20 18,420 9,135 9,285
Hungary 55 35 20 3,325 1,620 1,700
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 70 55 20 820 485 330
Italy 255 175 85 51,025 25,370 25,655
Netherlands 210 135 75 1,990 1,035 955
Poland 325 135 190 10,735 4,675 6,060
Portugal 1,450 670 785 18,985 9,185 9,800
Romania 950 465 480 28,695 13,695 15,005
Russian Federation 295 90 200 11,355 4,975 6,375
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 190 105 85 1,790 830 960
Ukraine 215 90 120 8,670 3,800 4,870
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 830 410 420 12,905 6,645 6,260
Other places of birth in Europe 1,495 730 765 45,500 22,630 22,870
Africa 10,985 5,770 5,210 241,410 125,250 116,165
Algeria 1,205 660 545 59,465 31,180 28,280
Egypt 340 215 130 19,490 10,290 9,200
Ethiopia 110 60 45 995 495 495
Kenya 95 35 60 785 355 430
Morocco 1,535 800 735 60,700 31,435 29,270
Nigeria 115 75 40 1,340 740 600
Somalia 90 40 50 580 270 310
South Africa, Republic of 90 55 40 865 475 385
Other places of birth in Africa 7,395 3,840 3,560 97,200 50,005 47,190
Asia 7,890 3,755 4,135 289,825 136,175 153,655
Afghanistan 110 50 60 7,280 3,640 3,640
Bangladesh 40 20 20 7,940 3,990 3,950
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,445 555 890 49,555 19,905 29,655
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 65 30 40 4,730 2,290 2,435
India 120 55 70 17,865 9,195 8,670
IranCensus data footnote 61 495 280 220 17,760 8,880 8,885
Iraq 315 170 150 3,735 1,960 1,775
Japan 50 15 30 1,725 395 1,330
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 165 60 100 4,230 1,995 2,230
Lebanon 2,505 1,345 1,160 39,135 20,800 18,340
Pakistan 130 55 75 10,010 5,260 4,750
Philippines 410 110 300 24,410 9,040 15,370
Sri Lanka 60 45 15 10,715 5,335 5,380
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 490 245 245 17,775 8,800 8,980
Taiwan 40 10 35 2,735 1,100 1,635
Viet Nam 375 180 195 25,440 11,765 13,675
Other places of birth in Asia 1,075 550 525 44,795 21,840 22,950
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 90 55 40 1,480 805 670
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 7,700 3,815 3,880 215,170 105,105 110,065
Americas 1,485 770 715 47,710 22,625 25,085
Brazil 55 35 20 3,010 1,495 1,520
Colombia 325 150 175 7,540 3,465 4,075
Cuba 90 40 55 2,565 1,260 1,315
Haiti 480 240 235 16,880 7,690 9,190
Jamaica 30 20 10 190 140 55
Mexico 75 25 50 4,210 1,955 2,255
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 180 130 50 3,990 2,265 1,720
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 55 35 25 1,955 935 1,020
Other places of birth in Americas 185 95 90 7,365 3,425 3,935
Europe 1,130 540 585 39,320 20,085 19,235
France 380 195 185 20,030 10,855 9,175
Germany 20 0 15 580 250 330
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 25 20 0 135 105 35
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 35 15 25 3,750 1,695 2,055
Romania 120 50 70 2,945 1,260 1,685
Russian Federation