Census Profile, 2016 Census
Pickering, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

Select a table view
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Pickering, CY
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Pickering, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Pickering, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 91,771 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 88,721 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.4 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 31,630 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 30,919 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 396.3 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 231.55 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 91,775 44,540 47,230 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 14,915 7,575 7,335 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 4,545 2,305 2,245 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 4,910 2,495 2,415 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 5,460 2,775 2,685 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 63,410 30,830 32,585 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 6,290 3,300 2,990 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 6,665 3,480 3,185 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 5,510 2,835 2,675 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 5,435 2,615 2,815 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 5,390 2,530 2,855 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 5,700 2,670 3,030 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 6,665 3,090 3,575 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 8,175 3,840 4,330 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 7,485 3,565 3,925 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 6,100 2,890 3,205 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 13,445 6,135 7,310 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 4,815 2,360 2,460 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 3,175 1,530 1,645 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 2,180 995 1,185 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 1,665 695 965 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 1,605 560 1,045 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 1,035 400 635 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 445 135 305 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 115 25 90 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 20 5 15 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.3 17.0 15.5 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 69.1 69.2 69.0 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 14.6 13.8 15.5 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 1.7 1.3 2.2 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 40.4 39.4 41.4 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 41.6 39.9 43.0 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 30,920 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 18,780 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 2,630 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 9,485 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,345 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 4,295 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,770 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,065 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 10 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 20 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 30,920 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 5,155 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 8,970 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 6,085 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 6,520 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,190 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 90,995 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.9 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 76,855 36,965 39,895 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 44,440 22,180 22,255 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 39,770 19,845 19,925 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 4,670 2,335 2,335 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 32,415 14,785 17,630 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 22,605 11,915 10,690 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 1,925 725 1,200 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 3,970 1,350 2,620 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 3,915 790 3,125 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 26,655 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 10,875 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 6,605 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 6,600 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,565 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 26,650 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 21,790 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 19,450 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,335 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,865 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 3,920 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 950 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 21,785 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 8,060 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 13,730 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 5,100 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 6,180 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 2,445 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,870 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 2,815 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 1,505 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 545 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 9,460 3,940 5,525 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 30,920 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 23,625 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 7,000 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 16,630 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,465 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 5,830 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 5,150 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 675 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 91,100 44,295 46,805 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 83,475 41,255 42,220 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 60 25 35 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 6,625 2,675 3,950 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 940 340 600 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 91,100 44,295 46,805 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 88,585 43,280 45,300 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 1,165 490 675 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 440 195 240 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 910 325 585 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,385 590 795 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.5 1.3 1.7 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 91,100 44,295 46,805 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 88,450 42,960 45,485 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 68,445 33,420 35,025 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 67,335 32,955 34,380 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 1,115 465 645 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 20,005 9,540 10,460 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 0 0 0 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 20,000 9,535 10,460 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,260 655 605 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 0 0 0 725 405 320
Kabyle 0 0 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 55 30 25 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 5 5 0 1,445 720 730
Somali 50 25 25 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 1,200 625 575 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 60 30 25 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 1,075 560 510 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 5 0 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 10 5 5 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 30 15 15 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 15 5 10 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 115 50 65 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 0 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 110 45 65 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 1,770 705 1,065 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 5 0 5 595 260 330
Cebuano 55 20 30 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 15 0 10 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 50 20 30 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 50 20 30 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 10 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 0 0 0 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,565 625 945 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 0 0 5 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 85 40 50 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 5 5 0 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 55 30 25 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 1,715 845 875 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 15 5 5 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 180 85 90 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 1,470 725 750 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 45 25 20 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 12,830 6,250 6,580 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 60 25 35 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 160 85 80 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 1,720 805 920 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 55 20 30 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 40 15 25 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 10 5 10 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 1,665 780 890 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 0 0 0 515 230 280
Bosnian 20 10 15 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 50 20 25 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 80 45 35 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 80 35 40 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 490 230 265 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 530 240 290 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 160 75 85 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 55 25 25 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 15 5 10 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 40 20 20 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 50 25 25 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 95 45 50 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 10 5 5 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 450 210 240
Welsh 0 0 0 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 970 440 530 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 15 10 10 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 35 20 15 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 185 100 90 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 0 5 0 1,240 630 620
German 705 310 400 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 0 0 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 0 5 5 940 405 540
Swedish 10 5 10 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 5 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 0 0 5 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 675 345 330 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 6,070 3,005 3,070 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 4,695 2,305 2,390 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 410 190 215 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 740 370 370 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 420 210 210 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 0 0 0 345 170 175
Konkani 25 10 15 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 30 15 15 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 20 5 15 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 600 295 300 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 120 65 55 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 120 55 65 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 2,225 1,090 1,135 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 1,370 695 675 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 15 5 5 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 155 80 75 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 1,200 605 595 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 3,160 1,550 1,610 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 0 0 0 285 150 135
Italian 1,210 630 580 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 515 245 270 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 430 205 230 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 1,000 470 535 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 420 200 215
Japanese 50 20 30 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Georgian 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Korean 185 85 95 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 0 0 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 175 80 100 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 20 5 10 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 10 5 5 1,140 475 670
Ewe 0 0 0 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 0 365 180 185
Ga 0 0 5 600 275 325
Ganda 5 0 5 760 360 400
Igbo 15 5 5 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 5 5 0 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 5 1,330 545 785
Shona 15 5 10 1,455 660 790
Swahili 35 15 20 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 5 0 0 290 145 150
Yoruba 40 20 20 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 1,610 810 800
Dinka 0 0 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 20 10 10 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 5 0 5 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 5 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,390 620 775 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 1,370 615 760 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 645 300 340 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 35 20 25 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 600 260 345 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 0 0 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 20 25 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 5 15 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 25 10 15 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 5 15 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 5 0 5 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 15 5 10 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 10 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 5 0 0 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 10 0 10 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 45 15 30 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 35 10 20 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 5 5 5 515 255 260
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 640 295 345
Uralic languages 345 165 185 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 45 20 25 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 60 35 30 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 235 110 125 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 2,650 1,330 1,315 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 275 125 150 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 2,245 1,155 1,090 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 70 25 45 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 55 30 25 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 91,100 44,295 46,805 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 85,695 41,680 44,010 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 77,215 37,630 39,580 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 76,790 37,430 39,355 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 420 195 225 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 8,480 4,050 4,430 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 8,480 4,050 4,430 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 505 240 265 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 10 5 10 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 0 0 0 805 380 425
Somali 10 5 5 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 495 235 260 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 25 10 10 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 450 215 230 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 5 555 250 305
Hebrew 0 0 5 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 5 5 5 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 5 0 5 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 50 20 25 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 50 25 25 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 560 250 310 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 5 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 15 10 5 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 5 0 5 910 385 530
Ilocano 10 5 5 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 15 5 5 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 505 225 285 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 35 20 20 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 15 10 10 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 965 465 495 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 5 0 0 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 75 30 45 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 865 415 440 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 20 10 5 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 5,240 2,515 2,725 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 35 15 20 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 60 30 30 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 615 305 315 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 10 0 0 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 10 5 5 860 350 515
Lithuanian 0 0 0 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 610 300 310 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 5 0 5 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 25 10 15 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 15 10 10 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 35 15 15 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 170 85 90 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 220 110 100 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 90 35 50 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 15 10 5 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 20 10 15 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 5 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 15 10 5 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 75 25 50 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 10 0 5 755 365 390
Danish 0 0 0 280 135 150
Dutch 15 5 10 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 50 15 35 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 0 0 0 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 175 90 90 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 3,235 1,555 1,680 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 2,480 1,180 1,300 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 205 95 110 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 380 185 195 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 170 85 90 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 0 0 0 540 260 280
Marathi 15 10 10 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 10 5 5 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 280 135 150 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 30 15 15 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 45 20 25 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 1,345 635 710 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 755 375 385 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 5 5 5 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 105 55 50 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 645 315 330 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 1,035 495 540 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 250 115 140 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 140 65 80 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 215 95 120 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 430 220 205 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 5 5 5 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 80 40 45 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 45 20 25 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 5 0 0 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 5 0 5 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 0 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 5 0 0 540 265 275
Lingala 0 0 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 420 160 260
Shona 0 0 0 455 210 245
Swahili 10 5 5 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 5 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 15 5 10 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 195 225
Sign languages 30 15 15 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 5 5 5 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 15 10 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 825 405 425 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 825 400 425 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 365 185 185 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 15 0 5 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 420 205 215 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 5 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 5 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 5 5 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 0 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 0 0 5 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 5 0 0 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 0 0 0 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 0 0 0 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 30 10 15 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 770 385 380
Turkish 20 5 10 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 5 5 5 290 150 140
Uzbek 0 0 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 95 45 50 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 5 5 5 790 290 500
Finnish 10 5 5 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 75 40 40 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 465 245 225
Multiple responses 5,405 2,615 2,790 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 220 100 125 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 5,060 2,460 2,595 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 30 15 15 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 100 45 55 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 91,095 44,295 46,805 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 78,330 38,315 40,015 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 4,200 2,060 2,135 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 985 380 610 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 7,420 3,465 3,955 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 0 0 0 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 7,415 3,465 3,950 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 35 15 20 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 45 15 25 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 85 40 45 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 5 0 0 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 76,110 36,705 39,410 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 72,150 34,695 37,460 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,466 43,783 34,046 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 72,175 34,695 37,480 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,500 38,681 30,994 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 65,940 32,260 33,680 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,490 43,372 32,408 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 49,545 21,665 27,880 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,953 1,379 4,135 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 56,195 28,205 27,990 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,511 44,082 35,924 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 76,110 36,705 39,410 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 72,125 34,625 37,505 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,188 59,577 43,444 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 72,150 34,620 37,525 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,519 47,181 36,295 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 65,865 32,135 33,730 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,986 60,127 42,277 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 49,265 21,460 27,800 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,776 6,075 7,317 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 56,195 28,155 28,040 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,172 58,738 43,574 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 76,110 36,700 39,405 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 28,215 15,155 13,065 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 61,796 66,815 57,580 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 72,771 80,162 64,197 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.0 93.7 87.6 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 78.0 80.4 75.0 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.0 6.3 12.4 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 76,110 36,700 39,410 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 3,955 2,010 1,950 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 72,155 34,690 37,460 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 94.8 94.5 95.1 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,270 5,100 6,170 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 10,850 4,620 6,225 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 8,225 3,480 4,745 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 6,800 2,990 3,810 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 6,760 2,965 3,795 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 5,875 2,745 3,130 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 4,845 2,405 2,435 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 4,015 2,130 1,895 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 3,190 1,780 1,405 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 2,620 1,435 1,190 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 7,705 5,040 2,665 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 5,180 3,210 1,975 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 2,520 1,830 690 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 76,110 36,700 39,410 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 3,930 2,005 1,925 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 72,175 34,695 37,485 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 94.8 94.5 95.1 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,560 5,165 6,395 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 11,320 4,850 6,465 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 9,520 4,090 5,435 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 8,450 3,745 4,705 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 8,225 3,765 4,455 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 6,580 3,240 3,340 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 5,030 2,740 2,285 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 3,855 2,130 1,725 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 7,645 4,960 2,680 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 2,555 1,490 1,065 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 1,495 935 560 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 3,590 2,535 1,060 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 76,110 36,700 39,410 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 19,910 8,495 11,420 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 56,195 28,205 27,990 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 73.8 76.9 71.0 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,510 3,690 3,820 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 4,235 1,955 2,275 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 6,800 3,220 3,580 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 5,050 2,270 2,785 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 4,755 2,105 2,650 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 4,855 2,085 2,770 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 4,530 2,145 2,385 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 3,875 1,940 1,935 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 3,200 1,695 1,500 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 11,390 7,100 4,285 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 2,655 1,510 1,145 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 2,360 1,260 1,095 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 6,375 4,335 2,040 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 30,920 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 99,701 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 85,572 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 5,155 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,918 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,573 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 25,770 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 111,881 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 95,545 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 30,915 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 119,411 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 96,886 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 5,155 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 61,617 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 49,523 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 25,765 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 130,969 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 106,358 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 30,920 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 275 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 205 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 280 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 465 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 645 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 680 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 775 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 850 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 955 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 870 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,785 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,940 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,955 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,950 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,875 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 15,405 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,215 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,280 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,220 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 3,685 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 30,920 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 305 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 205 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 290 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 485 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 735 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 760 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 890 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,060 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,100 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,150 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,290 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,525 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,430 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,290 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,205 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 12,200 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,475 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,045 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 4,680 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 25,410 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 111,107 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,819 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.3 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 6,750 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,437 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,291 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 13,750 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 133,499 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 112,568 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,175 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 73,200 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 64,524 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 25,375 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 130,445 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 105,825 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 6,780 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 112,289 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 90,647 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 13,710 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 154,969 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,546 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,185 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 80,967 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 69,557 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 6,880 3,045 3,830 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 42,589 46,037 40,493 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 37,749 39,851 36,064 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 6,880 2,950 3,930 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 55,521 61,353 51,140 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 45,098 48,570 42,490 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 90,995 44,260 46,740 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 32,735 15,400 17,335 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 4,895 2,345 2,550 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 5,960 2,770 3,195 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 6,485 2,985 3,505 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 7,625 3,580 4,045 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 7,770 3,730 4,040 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 58,260 28,855 29,405 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 9,100 4,410 4,690 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 10,285 5,035 5,255 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 11,795 5,830 5,965 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 13,510 6,735 6,780 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 13,565 6,845 6,720 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 90,995 44,255 46,735 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 18,540 9,460 9,080 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 5,475 2,785 2,690 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 59,650 28,850 30,800 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 12,805 5,945 6,860 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 7,680 3,600 4,080 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 2,310 1,195 1,120 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 665 345 320 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 4,475 2,070 2,405 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 890 335 555 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 8.4 8.1 8.7 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 12.5 12.6 12.3 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 12.1 12.4 11.9 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 7.5 7.2 7.8 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 7.0 5.6 8.1 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 5,780 2,750 3,025 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 1,670 855 810 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 460 230 225 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 3,565 1,680 1,890 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 540 210 330 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.4 6.2 6.5 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 9.0 9.0 8.9 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 8.4 8.3 8.4 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 6.0 5.8 6.1 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 4.2 3.5 4.8 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 90,995 44,260 46,740 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 90,055 43,895 46,160 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 89,960 43,835 46,120 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 6,700 2,690 4,015 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 26,295 12,675 13,615 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 0 0 10 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 0 0 10 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 26,295 12,675 13,615 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,820 945 880 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 0 0 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 55 35 20 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 10 0 0 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 50 30 20 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 1,775 915 860 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 95 35 55 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 1,610 845 770 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 10 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 60 35 30 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 35 20 15 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 20 0 15 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 210 80 135 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 210 75 130 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 2,195 835 1,360 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 40 15 20 755 340 425
Cebuano 55 20 35 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 15 10 10 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 75 40 40 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 85 40 45 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 15 10 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 0 0 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,070 770 1,295 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 0 20 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 305 145 160 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 20 15 10 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 175 85 90 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 120 50 65 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 2,090 1,040 1,050 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 10 10 0 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 190 100 90 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 1,840 920 925 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 80 35 45 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 17,395 8,625 8,770 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 40 25 20 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 175 70 100 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 2,035 970 1,070 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 55 20 35 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 55 20 30 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 0 0 10 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 1,980 950 1,030 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 0 0 0 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 15 10 10 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 70 35 30 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 155 85 70 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 100 50 50 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 735 365 370 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 565 245 325 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 190 80 110 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 85 40 45 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 15 10 0 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 40 15 25 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 70 35 40 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 125 65 60 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 25 20 10 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 0 1,480 720 765
Welsh 0 0 0 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 1,400 670 725 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 75 30 45 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 30 10 20 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 345 180 165 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 0 0 0 1,655 820 835
German 935 470 470 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 0 0 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 10 0 10 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 45 10 35 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 0 0 0 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 1,105 560 545 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 8,550 4,355 4,190 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 6,985 3,605 3,380 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 420 190 230 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 1,320 700 620 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 1,985 1,050 935 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 15 10 10 600 300 300
Konkani 125 55 65 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 85 45 40 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 25 10 10 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,445 700 745 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 230 120 110 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 430 225 205 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 3,220 1,705 1,515 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 1,730 845 890 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 40 25 15 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 210 130 80 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 1,575 755 825 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 35 10 20 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 4,395 2,140 2,250 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 0 0 0 515 275 240
Italian 1,735 895 835 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 655 305 355 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 520 245 275 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 1,625 765 855 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 1,355 745 605
Japanese 105 40 60 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 0 0 0 1,555 770 785
Korean 220 100 125 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 335 180 155 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 45 20 25 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 15 0 10 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 10 0 0 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 10 15 700 320 375
Ga 10 10 0 1,340 645 695
Ganda 0 0 0 1,225 550 675
Igbo 15 10 0 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 30 15 15 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 10 10 10 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 85 55 40 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 15 10 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 85 40 45 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 45 30 15 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 160 55 100 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 75 25 50 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 95 35 60 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,725 825 905 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 1,705 820 885 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 910 450 460 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 30 20 10 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 845 395 455 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 20 25 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 0 20 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 25 10 15 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 10 20 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 10 0 0 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 20 0 15 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 10 10 10 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 0 0 0 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 10 10 10 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 45 10 45 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 20 0 15 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 25 0 25 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 0 0 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 915 450 465
Uralic languages 410 200 210 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 65 20 45 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 40 30 10 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 300 145 155 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 90,995 44,255 46,740 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 86,615 42,300 44,315 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 18,200 9,405 8,795 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 68,410 32,895 35,515 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 4,380 1,955 2,425 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 90,995 44,260 46,735 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 59,410 29,640 29,765 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 31,155 14,435 16,725 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 11,455 5,280 6,175 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 4,850 2,265 2,580 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 6,775 3,140 3,640 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 6,155 2,915 3,240 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 3,475 1,670 1,810 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 2,675 1,245 1,435 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,930 840 1,090 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 430 185 245 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 31,160 14,435 16,725 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 3,330 1,630 1,710 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 6,350 3,040 3,305 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 7,955 3,470 4,485 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 11,405 5,430 5,970 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 2,120 865 1,255 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 31,155 14,435 16,725 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 8,970 3,900 5,065 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 45 20 30 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 120 65 55 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 130 80 50 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 2,215 960 1,255 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 60 35 30 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 2,700 1,130 1,570 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 80 20 55 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 80 40 45 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 1,510 660 845 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 635 280 355 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 1,395 615 780 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 7,650 3,605 4,045 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 45 15 30 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 70 35 35 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 50 10 35 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 555 290 265 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 490 245 245 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 180 75 100 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 195 90 100 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 700 375 320 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 165 70 95 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 415 185 225 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 345 150 190 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 415 180 240 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 60 15 50 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 55 35 20 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 60 25 35 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,980 1,385 1,590 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 860 415 445 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 1,720 860 855 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 10 0 10 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 300 165 135 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 85 40 45 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 175 90 90 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 25 15 10 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 150 90 60 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 45 25 25 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 220 100 115 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 710 335 375 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 12,690 6,005 6,685 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 760 380 380 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 295 140 160 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 695 315 380 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 320 150 170 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 2,675 1,365 1,315 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 260 130 130 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 205 95 110 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 35 10 35 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 180 85 90 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 280 155 130 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 1,905 930 970 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 2,195 840 1,355 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 1,590 770 815 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 105 55 50 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 80 20 60 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 160 70 90 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 950 500 445 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 130 60 70 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,925 840 1,090 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 405 180 220 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 10 10 10 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 0 10 0 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 0 0 0 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 10 0 15 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 120 65 60 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 20 0 20 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 75 35 40 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 155 70 85 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 220 100 120 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 10 0 10 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 10 0 0 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 15 10 0 880 400 480
Romania 35 15 20