Census Profile, 2016 Census
Oshawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Oshawa, CY
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Oshawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Oshawa, City [Census subdivision], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 159,458 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 149,607 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.6 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 64,883 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 62,595 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,094.9 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 145.64 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 159,455 77,785 81,670 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 26,575 13,660 12,910 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 8,770 4,515 4,260 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 9,130 4,650 4,485 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 8,670 4,495 4,175 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 106,535 52,575 53,960 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 9,220 4,625 4,595 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 10,660 5,450 5,215 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 10,460 5,345 5,125 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 10,365 5,115 5,250 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 10,040 4,875 5,165 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 10,060 4,905 5,150 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 10,815 5,295 5,515 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 13,100 6,350 6,750 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 12,080 6,025 6,050 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 9,735 4,590 5,145 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 26,350 11,555 14,800 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 8,495 3,960 4,535 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 6,065 2,800 3,265 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 4,635 2,050 2,585 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 3,520 1,535 1,985 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 3,640 1,215 2,425 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 2,250 825 1,425 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 1,115 315 800 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 235 60 180 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 35 15 25 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.7 17.6 15.8 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 66.8 67.6 66.1 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 16.5 14.9 18.1 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 2.3 1.6 3.0 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 40.9 39.7 42.0 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 41.2 39.8 42.5 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 62,595 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 34,790 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 7,145 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 20,655 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 5,285 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 5,650 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 3,430 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 6,145 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 140 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 5 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 62,595 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 16,260 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 20,745 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 10,800 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 9,225 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 5,570 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 157,630 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 132,890 64,130 68,755 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 71,385 35,625 35,760 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 57,025 28,455 28,570 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 14,360 7,170 7,190 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 61,505 28,505 33,000 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 38,535 20,780 17,750 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 5,270 2,220 3,050 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 9,600 3,785 5,815 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 8,100 1,720 6,380 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 45,445 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 22,675 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 10,665 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 8,555 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,550 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 45,445 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 35,085 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 27,915 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 7,180 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 10,360 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 8,300 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 2,060 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 35,090 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 16,380 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 18,710 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 7,750 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 7,680 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 3,280 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 10,360 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 6,295 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 2,920 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 1,145 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 27,210 13,310 13,895 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 62,595 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 41,885 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 15,030 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 26,855 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,745 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 18,970 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 16,260 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,705 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 158,005 77,360 80,645 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 146,650 72,500 74,150 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 140 65 75 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 10,225 4,410 5,815 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 990 380 610 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 158,010 77,360 80,645 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 153,690 75,405 78,285 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 2,910 1,395 1,515 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 460 200 255 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 950 360 585 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 3,135 1,495 1,645 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.0 1.9 2.0 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 158,005 77,355 80,650 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 155,615 76,200 79,420 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 137,000 67,330 69,675 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 134,000 65,890 68,110 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 3,000 1,435 1,565 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 18,615 8,870 9,745 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 20 5 15 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 5 5 5 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 5 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 5 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 5 0 0 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 5 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 18,595 8,865 9,730 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 935 505 430 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 0 0 0 725 405 320
Kabyle 0 0 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 30 10 15 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 0 0 0 1,445 720 730
Somali 30 10 10 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 905 490 415 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 30 15 10 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 725 415 315 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 10 5 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 0 0 5 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 10 5 5 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 115 45 70 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 5 0 5 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 235 105 125 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 10 10 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 205 95 115 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 1,015 375 635 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 0 0 0 595 260 330
Cebuano 40 10 25 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 15 10 10 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 30 15 15 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 5 5 100 45 55
Malay 35 10 20 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 0 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 5 0 0 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 875 320 555 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 75 40 35 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 15 5 10 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 30 15 20 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 920 455 460 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 15 5 10 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 110 55 55 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 745 375 375 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 45 25 20 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 12,925 6,195 6,725 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 30 15 15 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 30 15 15 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 3,680 1,645 2,035 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 55 25 30 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 30 15 15 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 20 10 15 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 3,625 1,620 2,010 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 5 0 5 515 230 280
Bosnian 15 5 10 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 20 15 10 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 175 90 85 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 45 25 25 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 205 105 100 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 1,795 785 1,010 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 330 135 190 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 175 90 80 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 20 15 10 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 85 25 60 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 90 45 45 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 650 270 380 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 20 15 10 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 5 450 210 240
Welsh 5 0 5 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 1,545 695 855 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 25 15 10 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 45 20 25 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 545 255 285 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 15 5 5 1,240 630 620
German 865 370 495 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 0 0 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 15 10 10 940 405 540
Swedish 15 10 10 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 5 10 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 5 5 0 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 430 215 215 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 3,125 1,610 1,515 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 2,455 1,260 1,195 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 210 105 105 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 425 205 220 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 230 125 105 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 0 0 0 345 170 175
Konkani 5 0 5 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 10 5 5 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 5 5 0 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 0 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 305 165 140 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 25 15 10 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 80 35 45 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 1,160 605 555 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 655 345 315 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 20 10 5 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 75 45 35 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 560 290 270 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 4,055 1,990 2,060 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 0 0 0 285 150 135
Italian 1,520 795 725 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 975 485 490 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 225 95 130 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 1,330 610 715 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 420 200 215
Japanese 30 10 15 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Georgian 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Korean 150 70 75 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 5 5 5 405 180 220
Mongolian 5 0 5 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 225 115 110 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 35 15 15 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 5 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 5 0 5 1,140 475 670
Ewe 5 0 0 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 5 365 180 185
Ga 5 5 5 600 275 325
Ganda 5 0 0 760 360 400
Igbo 30 15 10 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 0 0 0 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 1,330 545 785
Shona 15 5 10 1,455 660 790
Swahili 35 15 20 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 0 0 0 290 145 150
Yoruba 25 15 10 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 0 1,610 810 800
Dinka 0 0 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 55 20 35 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 20 5 15 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 35 15 15 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,400 645 755 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 1,390 640 750 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 555 255 300 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 10 5 5 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 720 335 380 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 0 0 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 40 15 20 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 5 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 65 30 40 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 5 0 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 5 5 0 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 55 20 30 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 30 15 20 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 20 10 15 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 70 40 30 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 65 40 25 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 5 0 5 515 255 260
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 640 295 345
Uralic languages 510 245 260 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 30 10 15 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 50 25 30 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 430 210 215 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 2,390 1,160 1,230 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 515 255 260 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 1,755 855 895 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 80 30 45 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 50 20 25 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 158,005 77,360 80,645 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 153,560 75,220 78,340 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 145,835 71,570 74,265 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 144,720 71,030 73,690 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 1,115 540 580 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 7,730 3,650 4,075 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 5 0 5 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,730 3,650 4,080 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 450 235 215 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 20 10 5 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 0 0 0 805 380 425
Somali 15 10 10 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 430 230 200 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 0 0 0 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 395 210 185 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 0 0 0 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 20 5 10 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 5 0 5 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 145 70 80 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 10 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 135 65 75 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 310 135 175 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 5 5 5 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 0 5 5 910 385 530
Ilocano 5 5 5 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 5 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 0 0 5 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 290 125 160 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 25 15 10 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 10 5 5 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 5 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 580 275 305 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 5 0 0 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 80 40 35 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 485 225 260 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 15 5 10 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 4,915 2,280 2,630 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 15 5 5 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 15 10 10 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 1,405 620 780 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 10 5 5 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 5 5 0 860 350 515
Lithuanian 0 5 0 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 1,395 620 780 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 5 0 0 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 5 5 0 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 45 15 25 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 5 0 5 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 60 30 30 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 780 365 415 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 165 70 100 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 95 45 55 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 25 10 15 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 10 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 175 65 115 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 355 160 190
Celtic languages 5 5 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 100 40 65 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 10 5 0 755 365 390
Danish 0 0 0 280 135 150
Dutch 15 5 5 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 75 30 50 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 0 0 0 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 130 65 65 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 1,720 845 870 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 1,355 675 680 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 120 60 60 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 205 100 105 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 120 60 60 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 5 5 0 540 260 280
Marathi 0 5 0 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 5 5 5 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 170 95 80 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 10 5 5 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 25 15 15 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 695 340 355 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 365 170 195 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 10 5 10 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 40 20 20 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 315 145 165 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 1,530 695 830 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 430 190 245 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 400 185 215 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 90 40 50 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 610 285 330 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 10 5 5 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 90 45 45 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 50 25 25 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 5 5 5 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 5 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 0 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 5 0 5 540 265 275
Lingala 0 0 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 5 5 420 160 260
Shona 5 0 0 455 210 245
Swahili 5 5 5 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 5 5 5 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 425 195 225
Sign languages 80 45 35 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 30 20 20 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 50 30 20 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 905 445 460 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 905 445 460 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 350 165 185 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 0 0 0 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 500 250 250 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 5 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 45 25 15 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 5 0 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 0 0 0 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 0 5 0 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 20 5 15 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 15 5 10 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 5 5 5 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 35 20 15 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 770 385 380
Turkish 30 15 10 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 5 0 5 290 150 140
Uzbek 0 0 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 110 55 50 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 0 0 0 790 290 500
Finnish 5 5 0 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 105 50 55 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 465 245 225
Multiple responses 4,445 2,135 2,305 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 405 170 230 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 3,905 1,900 2,005 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 30 15 15 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 100 50 55 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 158,005 77,360 80,650 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 145,450 71,510 73,940 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 4,080 2,010 2,070 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 1,800 725 1,080 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 6,435 3,025 3,415 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 30 15 20 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 6,410 3,010 3,400 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 35 10 25 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 110 50 55 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 100 35 60 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 0 0 5 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 131,115 63,485 67,625 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 124,955 60,595 64,360 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,492 41,242 27,579 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 125,000 60,595 64,400 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,538 36,701 25,679 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 108,970 54,210 54,760 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,057 40,541 24,781 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 93,450 41,740 51,705 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,218 3,813 7,203 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 91,675 47,865 43,805 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,111 37,893 27,382 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 131,115 63,485 67,625 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 124,845 60,510 64,340 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,552 50,274 35,289 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 124,890 60,510 64,380 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,875 41,483 30,604 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 108,840 54,070 54,765 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,878 50,643 33,224 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 93,365 41,705 51,660 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,083 7,286 8,726 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 91,670 47,805 43,870 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,964 46,938 34,454 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 131,110 63,490 67,625 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 42,895 24,035 18,860 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,881 59,508 47,683 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 61,469 68,287 52,779 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 85.7 89.8 80.2 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.4 73.7 66.1 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 14.3 10.2 19.8 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 131,110 63,490 67,625 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 6,160 2,895 3,265 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 124,950 60,590 64,360 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 95.3 95.4 95.2 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 18,190 8,015 10,175 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 21,940 8,405 13,540 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 17,260 6,495 10,765 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 14,370 6,480 7,890 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 13,855 7,070 6,785 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 10,670 5,775 4,895 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 7,540 4,435 3,105 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 5,825 3,640 2,185 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 4,540 2,825 1,715 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 3,435 2,095 1,345 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 7,335 5,370 1,960 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 5,545 3,970 1,575 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 1,790 1,400 390 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 131,110 63,490 67,625 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 6,115 2,890 3,220 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 124,995 60,590 64,405 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 95.3 95.4 95.2 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 18,675 8,120 10,555 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 22,940 8,800 14,135 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 19,940 7,805 12,135 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 17,940 8,615 9,325 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 15,600 8,295 7,305 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 10,285 5,995 4,290 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 7,245 4,555 2,695 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 5,005 3,095 1,915 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 7,360 5,320 2,045 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 2,990 1,990 995 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 1,580 1,155 425 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 2,795 2,165 625 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 131,115 63,485 67,625 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 39,440 15,620 23,820 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 91,675 47,865 43,810 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 69.9 75.4 64.8 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 15,605 8,450 7,155 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 6,970 2,985 3,985 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 11,620 4,925 6,700 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 9,710 4,260 5,445 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 9,055 4,170 4,880 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 8,650 4,280 4,370 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 7,320 3,965 3,350 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 5,540 3,280 2,260 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 4,660 2,965 1,695 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 12,550 8,580 3,970 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 3,750 2,315 1,430 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 2,915 1,790 1,125 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 5,885 4,470 1,410 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 62,595 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,211 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,873 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 16,260 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,067 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,399 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 46,340 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 85,155 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,795 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 62,595 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 84,871 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 71,579 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 16,255 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,849 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,764 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 46,335 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 98,914 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,444 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 62,595 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 675 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 705 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,820 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,160 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,615 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,420 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,550 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,565 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,810 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,660 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,325 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,900 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,445 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 4,110 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,705 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 19,145 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 7,030 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,660 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,690 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,765 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 62,595 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 715 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 710 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,850 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,255 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,905 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,740 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,975 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,245 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,265 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,255 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 6,260 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 5,685 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 5,055 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 4,490 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,570 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 13,615 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,325 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,565 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,725 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 44,425 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,822 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,402 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 14,545 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 77,534 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 67,990 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 18,970 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 110,111 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 94,650 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 9,445 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,379 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,622 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 44,420 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 98,829 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 83,229 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 14,470 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 89,666 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,392 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 19,060 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,431 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,362 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 9,440 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 61,408 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,412 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 22,990 11,540 11,450 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,234 36,001 29,782 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,410 32,183 27,552 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 22,930 11,510 11,420 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,225 43,350 37,074 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,160 36,134 32,170 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 157,630 77,115 80,520 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 81,010 38,350 42,655 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 16,760 8,110 8,655 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 15,210 6,670 8,540 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 15,425 7,225 8,200 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 16,555 7,930 8,630 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 17,060 8,420 8,635 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 76,620 38,760 37,865 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 16,755 8,425 8,330 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 16,720 8,390 8,330 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 17,105 8,615 8,490 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 15,940 8,115 7,825 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 10,100 5,210 4,890 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 157,630 77,115 80,515 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 31,900 16,345 15,560 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 10,605 5,475 5,135 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 100,655 49,545 51,110 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 25,075 11,225 13,855 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 22,890 10,495 12,405 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 6,620 3,390 3,230 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 2,390 1,225 1,160 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 13,860 6,330 7,530 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 2,415 775 1,640 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.5 13.6 15.4 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 20.8 20.7 20.8 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 22.5 22.4 22.6 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 13.8 12.8 14.7 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 9.6 6.9 11.8 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 13,665 6,785 6,880 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 3,395 1,780 1,610 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 1,265 680 585 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 9,735 4,795 4,945 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 540 210 325 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.7 8.8 8.5 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 10.6 10.9 10.3 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 11.9 12.4 11.4 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 9.7 9.7 9.7 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 2.2 1.9 2.3 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 157,630 77,110 80,520 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 156,640 76,730 79,915 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 156,510 76,675 79,835 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 10,300 4,540 5,765 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 23,330 11,240 12,095 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 45 15 25 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 30 0 20 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 0 0 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 10 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 10 10 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 15 10 10 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 10 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 10 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 10 15 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 23,290 11,220 12,070 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,235 675 555 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 0 0 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 35 15 25 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 0 0 0 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 35 15 20 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 1,180 655 525 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 30 15 15 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 950 545 400 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 10 10 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 10 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 65 35 30 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 125 55 70 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 10 0 0 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 260 110 145 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 35 15 25 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 225 100 125 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 1,355 530 835 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 10 0 0 755 340 425
Cebuano 60 30 30 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 30 10 20 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 25 10 10 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 75 25 45 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 35 10 25 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 0 0 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,245 490 755 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 210 100 110 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 10 10 0 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 80 35 50 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 120 65 55 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 1,170 585 585 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 10 0 0 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 140 50 85 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 1,020 530 490 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 65 30 40 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 16,165 7,825 8,340 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 15 10 10 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 35 20 10 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 4,255 1,990 2,265 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 50 25 25 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 25 20 10 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 25 0 15 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 4,220 1,970 2,245 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 0 0 0 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 35 15 15 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 25 20 0 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 325 155 170 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 100 60 40 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 250 145 105 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 1,880 840 1,040 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 555 235 315 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 365 190 175 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 25 10 10 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 90 45 45 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 80 25 50 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 855 370 490 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 25 10 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 65 25 40 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 40 20 25 1,480 720 765
Welsh 15 10 10 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 15 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 2,010 865 1,145 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 100 40 65 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 55 15 35 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 535 215 320 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 20 20 0 1,655 820 835
German 1,265 560 705 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 0 0 10 285 130 155
Norwegian 40 25 15 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 30 15 15 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 10 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 0 0 0 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 600 300 295 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 3,875 2,010 1,870 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 3,305 1,695 1,610 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 240 130 115 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 590 295 290 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 935 480 455 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 0 0 0 600 300 300
Konkani 25 10 10 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 10 0 0 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 15 10 10 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 650 360 290 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 45 20 25 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 215 85 130 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 1,635 835 800 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 625 335 290 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 0 0 0 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 75 40 35 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 560 295 260 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 5,690 2,845 2,850 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 0 0 0 515 275 240
Italian 2,215 1,210 1,005 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 1,145 565 580 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 370 175 200 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 2,125 985 1,145 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 1,355 745 605
Japanese 85 45 45 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 0 0 0 1,555 770 785
Korean 120 55 65 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 480 220 260 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 80 35 40 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 20 10 10 385 195 185
Edo 10 0 10 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 0 0 10 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 10 700 320 375
Ga 15 0 10 1,340 645 695
Ganda 0 0 0 1,225 550 675
Igbo 40 20 15 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 25 15 15 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 0 15 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 0 0 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 30 15 10 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 60 20 35 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 0 0 10 730 355 375
Yoruba 50 25 25 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 170 80 90 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 10 0 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 330 125 210 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 205 55 145 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 130 65 65 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,680 810 870 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 1,680 810 870 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 775 335 440 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 0 10 0 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 985 470 510 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 60 25 35 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 10 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 85 50 35 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 0 0 0 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 70 40 35 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 50 20 25 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 35 25 15 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 65 45 20 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 65 45 20 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 0 0 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 915 450 465
Uralic languages 540 285 255 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 15 10 10 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 55 30 30 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 465 245 215 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 157,630 77,115 80,515 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 152,140 74,440 77,700 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 31,380 16,060 15,320 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 120,760 58,375 62,380 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 5,490 2,675 2,815 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 157,630 77,115 80,515 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 129,685 63,795 65,890 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 26,975 12,755 14,220 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 11,925 5,640 6,285 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 3,765 1,800 1,970 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 4,290 2,035 2,260 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 5,035 2,380 2,655 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 2,620 1,265 1,350 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 2,420 1,115 1,305 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,950 905 1,050 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 970 560 410 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 26,975 12,760 14,215 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 3,060 1,625 1,440 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 5,690 2,775 2,915 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 6,840 3,110 3,730 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 9,850 4,610 5,240 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 1,535 640 895 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 26,970 12,760 14,220 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 6,260 2,800 3,465 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 145 50 90 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 75 40 40 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 130 70 55 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 965 445 520 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 50 25 25 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 1,760 755 1,005 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 110 40 75 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 40 20 25 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 910 490 425 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 850 310 545 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 1,215 555 655 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 12,225 5,870 6,355 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 120 75 40 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 235 105 125 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 105 55 55 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 870 430 440 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 290 145 140 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 280 165 115 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 250 120 135 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 1,060 600 465 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 485 220 265 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 1,205 530 670 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 595 300 295 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 310 155 160 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 190 95 100 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 160 70 90 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 285 110 175 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 4,745 2,220 2,525 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 1,020 465 555 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 1,295 665 630 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 0 0 0 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 205 115 95 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 60 25 30 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 60 25 30 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 15 10 10 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 130 60 65 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 20 10 10 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 190 100 90 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 620 315 305 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 7,105 3,370 3,735 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 270 130 135 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 185 100 85 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 860 380 485 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 145 50 95 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 1,135 550 585 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 160 90 70 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 55 25 35 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 35 10 25 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 85 35 50 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 85 50 30 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 1,015 530 480 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 1,330 540 785 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 795 395 400 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 15 10 0 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 50 15 30 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 170 75 100 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 720 380 335 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 90 55 35 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,950 905 1,045 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 450 220 230 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 10 0 10 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 10 0 0 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 25 10 15 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 30 15 15 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 65 40 25 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 15 10 10 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 105 50 55 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 10 0 10 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 195 95 95 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 240 115 120 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 0 0 0 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 0 0 0 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 10 0 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 880 400 480
Romania 35 20 15