Census Profile, 2016 Census
Vaughan, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Vaughan, CY
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Vaughan, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Vaughan, City [Census subdivision], Ontario Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 306,233  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,448,494  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 288,301  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,851,821  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 96,657  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,598,391  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 94,253  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,119.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 273.56  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 908,699.33  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 306,230 149,055 157,175 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 57,525 29,380 28,145 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 16,265 8,265 8,000 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 19,965 10,250 9,720 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 21,300 10,870 10,425 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 205,235 99,450 105,785 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 21,280 10,830 10,450 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 20,285 10,470 9,810 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 17,105 8,500 8,605 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 16,825 7,980 8,845 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 19,430 8,875 10,550 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 23,345 10,905 12,440 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 25,440 12,185 13,255 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 24,480 11,970 12,515 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 20,805 10,085 10,715 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 16,250 7,650 8,595 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 43,470 20,220 23,250 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 14,645 7,015 7,630 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 9,645 4,670 4,975 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 8,165 3,855 4,310 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 5,680 2,625 3,055 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 5,340 2,065 3,275 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 3,335 1,370 1,970 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 1,585 565 1,020 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 375 115 255 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 45 10 35 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.8 19.7 17.9 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 67.0 66.7 67.3 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 14.2 13.6 14.8 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 1.7 1.4 2.1 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 39.2 38.4 39.9 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 40.2 39.2 40.9 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 94,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 61,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,807,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 9,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 886,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 23,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,460,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 7,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 289,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 10,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 460,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 3,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 176,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 522,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 30  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 94,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 12,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 22,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,693,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 18,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 834,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 24,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 796,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 16,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 503,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 304,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,242,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 3.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 248,705 119,675 129,035 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 154,490 76,905 77,585 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 147,520 73,440 74,080 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 6,965 3,460 3,500 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 94,215 42,770 51,450 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 67,875 35,590 32,280 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 4,860 1,860 3,005 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 9,385 3,195 6,195 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 12,095 2,125 9,965 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 86,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 29,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,815,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 20,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 844,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 25,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 792,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 10,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 330,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 3.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 86,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 75,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 71,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,684,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 3,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 452,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 11,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 9,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 2,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 75,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 23,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,428,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 52,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,708,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 17,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 658,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 24,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 738,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 10,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 311,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 11,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 6,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 386,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 3,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 1,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 24,455 9,305 15,145 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 94,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 75,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,481,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 18,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 56,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,170,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 5,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 145,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 13,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,541,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 12,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 304,640 148,590 156,055 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 272,895 135,900 136,995 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 165 65 105 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 19,125 7,895 11,225 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 12,455 4,725 7,730 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 304,640 148,585 156,055 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 287,380 141,715 145,665 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 2,185 970 1,210 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 2,805 1,280 1,520 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 12,280 4,625 7,655 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 3,585 1,610 1,975 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.2 1.1 1.3 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 304,640 148,590 156,055 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 292,200 142,635 149,565 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 139,610 70,330 69,275 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 137,720 69,475 68,245 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 1,885 850 1,035 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 152,585 72,305 80,285 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 15 5 5 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 5 5 5 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 5 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 5 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 5 0 0 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 152,575 72,295 80,280 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 10,110 5,140 4,975 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 0 0 0 725 405 320
Kabyle 0 0 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 90 45 50 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 5 5 0 1,445 720 730
Somali 80 40 40 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 10,015 5,090 4,925 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 100 45 50 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 2,960 1,485 1,480 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,535 740 800 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 480 245 235 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 0 0 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 4,530 2,385 2,145 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 190 95 100 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 105 50 55 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 105 45 60 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,730 2,125 2,600 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 425 215 210 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 4,300 1,910 2,390 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 5,305 1,885 3,420 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 5 0 5 595 260 330
Cebuano 85 30 50 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 5 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 45 15 30 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 385 155 230 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 140 55 80 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 5 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 15 5 5 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,595 1,600 3,000 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 5 5 5 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 85 40 50 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 60 25 35 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 3,865 1,895 1,975 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 45 25 20 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 380 180 200 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 3,295 1,615 1,680 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 135 75 65 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 104,205 49,710 54,490 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 930 460 470 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 665 320 345 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 25,665 12,020 13,645 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 170 75 95 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 45 15 30 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 130 60 65 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 25,495 11,945 13,550 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 30 15 20 515 230 280
Bosnian 65 30 30 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 290 130 160 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 550 265 290 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 85 35 50 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 365 160 205 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 1,595 715 875 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 20,685 9,780 10,905 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 545 265 280 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 60 30 30 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 110 50 65 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 170 65 105 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 935 400 530 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 0 0 5 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 450 210 240
Welsh 0 0 0 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 1,550 695 855 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 25 5 15 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 25 5 20 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 145 60 85 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 0 0 0 1,240 630 620
German 630 295 335 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 5 5 5 210 100 110
Norwegian 10 0 5 940 405 540
Swedish 10 5 10 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 705 315 390 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 1,565 730 830 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 22,215 11,020 11,200 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 15,095 7,485 7,610 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 475 235 240 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 2,620 1,290 1,335 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 1,565 765 800 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 5 5 5 345 170 175
Konkani 25 10 10 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 110 50 65 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 15 5 10 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 15 5 5 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 4,760 2,400 2,360 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 155 80 75 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 225 110 115 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 5,120 2,525 2,595 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 7,070 3,510 3,560 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 340 190 150 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 130 55 70 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 6,605 3,260 3,340 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 55 30 30 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 51,600 24,465 27,135 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 0 0 0 285 150 135
Italian 37,405 17,750 19,655 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 4,350 2,030 2,315 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 2,465 1,190 1,275 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 7,365 3,485 3,885 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 420 200 215
Japanese 155 50 105 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 110 60 50 1,200 635 565
Georgian 105 55 50 1,200 635 565
Korean 4,170 2,010 2,160 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 10 0 5 405 180 220
Mongolian 5 0 5 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 580 290 290 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 250 125 125 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 15 10 5 1,140 475 670
Ewe 15 5 10 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 365 180 185
Ga 10 5 5 600 275 325
Ganda 5 0 5 760 360 400
Igbo 85 40 45 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 0 0 0 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 0 1,330 545 785
Shona 10 5 5 1,455 660 790
Swahili 30 20 15 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 0 0 0 290 145 150
Yoruba 105 55 50 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 20 25 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 0 1,610 810 800
Dinka 0 0 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 45 25 15 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 5 0 0 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 40 25 15 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 16,510 7,770 8,740 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 16,455 7,745 8,710 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 6,310 2,955 3,355 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 245 120 125 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 8,860 4,185 4,675 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 5 5 5 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 580 265 320 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 175 85 95 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 275 135 140 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 50 25 25 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 40 15 25 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 245 100 140 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 190 85 105 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 50 20 35 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 1,455 735 715 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 140 75 65 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 1,245 630 610 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 0 0 0 515 255 260
Uzbek 45 20 25 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 640 295 345
Uralic languages 975 440 540 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 25 10 10 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 50 15 30 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 910 410 495 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 12,445 5,960 6,490 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 470 210 260 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 11,310 5,460 5,855 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 315 135 180 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 350 150 195 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 304,645 148,590 156,050 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 273,950 133,860 140,090 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 195,730 97,095 98,635 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 195,025 96,795 98,225 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 710 305 405 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 78,215 36,760 41,455 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 5 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 78,215 36,765 41,455 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,850 2,395 2,455 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 45 25 20 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 5 0 5 805 380 425
Somali 40 25 20 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 4,800 2,370 2,435 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 35 15 20 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 1,270 620 650 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 955 430 525 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 255 125 130 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 2,145 1,115 1,030 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 30 15 20 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 40 20 20 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 65 25 40 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,955 1,335 1,620 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 240 105 135 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 2,715 1,225 1,485 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 2,105 875 1,230 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 30 10 20 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 0 0 5 910 385 530
Ilocano 155 70 85 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 50 25 25 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 445 200 250
Pangasinan 5 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,855 765 1,095 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 5 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 380 175 200
Creole languages 40 20 15 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 25 10 15 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 2,450 1,165 1,290 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 5 5 0 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 185 90 100 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 2,190 1,040 1,150 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 75 35 35 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 49,095 23,005 26,090 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 425 215 215 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 325 145 180 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 15,170 7,215 7,950 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 60 30 30 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 10 5 0 860 350 515
Lithuanian 55 30 25 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 15,105 7,185 7,920 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 15 5 5 175 80 90
Bosnian 20 15 10 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 160 65 90 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 175 85 90 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 10 0 5 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 125 55 70 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 575 280 290 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 13,285 6,330 6,950 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 260 115 140 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 15 5 5 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 45 25 20 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 15 20 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 385 175 205 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 180 80 95 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 5 5 5 755 365 390
Danish 5 0 5 280 135 150
Dutch 5 0 5 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 95 40 55 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 5 0 5 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 55 30 30 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 465 215 250 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 13,305 6,420 6,885 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 8,730 4,215 4,515 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 235 115 120 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 1,510 700 815 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 790 395 395 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 5 0 0 540 260 280
Marathi 40 15 20 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 5 5 0 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 5 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,690 1,335 1,355 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 40 15 20 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 115 55 55 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 3,295 1,575 1,720 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 4,560 2,190 2,360 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 150 80 70 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 50 30 25 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 4,350 2,085 2,270 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 19,225 8,720 10,505 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 12,745 5,620 7,130 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 1,540 745 790 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 1,240 590 650 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 3,705 1,770 1,935 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 60 25 35 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 45 25 20 770 420 355
Georgian 45 30 15 775 420 355
Korean 3,055 1,495 1,560 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 5 5 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 5 5 5 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 155 65 90 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 90 40 55 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 5 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 0 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 20 10 15 540 265 275
Lingala 0 0 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 420 160 260
Shona 0 0 5 455 210 245
Swahili 5 5 0 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 25 10 15 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 5 0 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 425 195 225
Sign languages 75 50 25 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 10 0 5 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 70 45 20 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 12,070 5,695 6,375 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 12,030 5,680 6,355 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 4,405 2,015 2,390 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 100 50 50 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 6,955 3,340 3,615 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 5 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 295 135 160 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 110 55 55 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 165 75 85 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 40 20 20 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 35 15 20 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 0 0 0 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 115 50 65 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 100 45 60 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 15 5 10 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 850 430 420 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 50 25 25 770 385 380
Turkish 770 390 380 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 10 10 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 250 130 120
Uralic languages 280 125 160 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 15 10 5 790 290 500
Finnish 5 0 5 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 265 120 150 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 465 245 225
Multiple responses 30,690 14,730 15,960 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 470 220 250 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 29,600 14,260 15,345 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 95 35 60 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 515 210 305 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 304,640 148,590 156,055 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 218,930 107,660 111,275 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 32,495 15,865 16,630 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 1,680 715 965 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 50,060 23,695 26,365 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 5 5 0 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 50,055 23,690 26,360 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 210 95 120 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 785 390 395 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 475 170 305 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 5 5 5 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 246,655 119,055 127,605 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 234,815 113,310 121,505 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,540 42,197 30,444 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 234,855 113,325 121,530 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,383 37,742 28,147 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 214,490 105,610 108,880 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,459 42,594 29,826 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 163,880 70,815 93,060 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,090 860 3,219 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 181,470 91,375 90,095 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,959 45,953 33,574 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 246,660 119,100 127,560 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 234,735 113,270 121,465 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,441 64,479 43,147 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 234,755 113,280 121,480 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,869 50,218 36,015 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 213,980 105,500 108,480 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,793 65,278 42,623 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 164,040 71,045 92,990 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,303 5,869 6,634 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 181,470 91,500 89,970 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 53,874 64,088 43,488 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 246,655 119,100 127,555 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 91,690 51,310 40,380 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 60,665 66,839 54,419 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 76,527 86,319 64,086 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.8 94.3 88.2 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 78.6 81.6 74.5 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.2 5.7 11.8 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 246,655 119,050 127,605 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 11,840 5,740 6,105 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 234,815 113,310 121,500 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 95.2 95.2 95.2 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 37,625 16,310 21,315 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 38,575 15,885 22,690 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 28,560 12,395 16,165 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 22,185 9,975 12,210 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 20,225 9,085 11,145 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 17,000 8,005 8,995 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 13,995 7,195 6,800 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 11,425 6,220 5,210 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 9,515 5,455 4,060 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 8,890 4,665 4,225 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 26,810 18,120 8,695 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 17,125 10,900 6,220 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 9,685 7,215 2,470 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 246,655 119,050 127,605 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 11,800 5,725 6,075 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 234,855 113,325 121,535 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 95.2 95.2 95.2 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 38,285 16,555 21,730 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 40,210 16,640 23,570 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 32,420 14,120 18,300 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 26,840 12,100 14,740 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 24,180 11,345 12,835 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 18,845 9,665 9,185 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 14,740 8,290 6,455 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 12,510 6,860 5,655 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 26,825 17,760 9,065 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 8,435 4,785 3,655 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 4,955 3,250 1,710 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 13,440 9,725 3,705 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 246,655 119,055 127,605 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 65,185 27,675 37,510 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 181,470 91,375 90,095 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 73.6 76.8 70.6 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 19,950 9,210 10,745 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 14,230 6,445 7,790 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 23,890 10,910 12,975 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 17,890 7,790 10,095 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 16,460 7,105 9,360 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 15,760 6,970 8,785 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 13,810 6,670 7,140 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 11,460 6,080 5,375 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 9,555 5,325 4,235 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 38,460 24,865 13,595 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 8,415 4,935 3,485 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 8,140 4,250 3,895 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 21,905 15,685 6,225 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 94,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 105,351  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,287  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 90,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 12,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,964  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,219  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 82,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,827,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 116,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,967  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,528  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 94,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 133,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 106,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 12,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 59,472  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,571  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,814  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 82,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,828,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 144,001  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 115,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,157  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 94,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 134,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 207,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 206,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 5,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 363,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 5,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 335,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 4,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 309,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 4,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 282,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 49,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,803,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 11,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 560,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 9,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 394,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 13,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 449,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 14,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 399,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 94,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 1,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 211,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 232,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 244,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 247,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 241,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 6,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 463,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 6,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 422,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 6,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 6,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 342,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 5,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 290,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 41,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,367,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 13,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 539,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 10,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 334,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 17,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 493,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 81,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 115,147  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,089  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 98,601  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,531  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 18,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,849  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,459  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,508  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,237  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 52,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,716,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 134,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 9,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 584,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 72,019  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,363  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 64,311  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,317  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 81,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 143,173  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 114,737  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 18,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 118,419  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 92,939  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,952  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 51,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,717,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 162,646  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 140,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 130,286  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,144  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 9,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 581,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 85,586  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,748  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 71,814  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,742  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 16,725 6,935 9,785 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,976 41,320 29,798 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,232 36,721 27,951 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 16,705 6,945 9,765 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 51,572 59,060 46,248 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,978 46,883 38,490 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 304,145 148,415 155,730 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 109,660 51,800 57,860 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 17,550 8,415 9,130 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 20,645 9,250 11,395 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 22,620 10,665 11,960 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 23,070 11,060 12,005 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 25,775 12,405 13,370 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 194,485 96,615 97,870 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 28,415 13,885 14,530 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 33,030 16,235 16,795 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 38,055 18,850 19,205 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 45,155 22,495 22,655 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 49,830 25,150 24,680 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 304,145 148,420 155,730 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 70,050 35,770 34,280 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 19,945 10,160 9,785 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 192,450 92,935 99,515 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 41,650 19,715 21,930 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 26,780 12,690 14,090 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 7,375 3,825 3,550 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 2,070 1,105 960 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 15,585 7,320 8,265 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 3,820 1,540 2,275 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 8.8 8.6 9.0 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 10.5 10.7 10.4 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 10.4 10.9 9.8 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 8.1 7.9 8.3 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 9.2 7.8 10.4 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 20,855 9,860 10,995 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 5,675 2,950 2,725 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 1,605 865 745 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 12,940 6,025 6,910 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 2,240 880 1,360 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.9 6.6 7.1 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 8.1 8.2 7.9 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 8.0 8.5 7.6 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 6.7 6.5 6.9 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 5.4 4.5 6.2 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 304,145 148,420 155,725 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 291,735 143,635 148,100 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 291,605 143,575 148,035 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 19,260 7,860 11,400 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 192,610 91,395 101,210 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 15 15 0 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 15 15 0 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 10 10 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 10 0 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 0 0 0 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 192,600 91,385 101,215 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 20,880 10,545 10,340 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 15 0 10 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 125 60 70 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 15 10 10 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 115 55 65 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 20,745 10,480 10,265 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 250 120 130 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 4,925 2,530 2,400 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,870 895 975 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 585 320 260 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 13,730 6,925 6,800 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 310 165 140 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 130 60 70 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 130 50 85 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 6,435 2,940 3,495 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 520 265 255 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 5,935 2,680 3,260 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 6,740 2,395 4,345 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 0 0 0 755 340 425
Cebuano 135 45 90 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 10 10 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 20 15 10 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 490 200 290 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 10 10 0 215 115 100
Malay 225 85 140 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 0 10 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 15 10 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,365 2,250 4,115 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 20 10 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 55 20 35 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 350 145 205 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 155 65 90 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 195 80 115 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 5,070 2,405 2,665 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 65 35 25 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 520 230 290 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 4,370 2,070 2,305 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 215 120 100 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 134,410 64,405 70,005 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 1,005 500 515 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 830 370 455 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 29,285 13,900 15,385 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 305 130 170 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 130 45 90 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 175 90 85 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 29,210 13,875 15,330 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 110 55 60 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 80 30 45 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 385 150 235 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 690 335 355 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 110 60 50 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 535 255 280 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 1,955 935 1,015 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 24,540 11,690 12,850 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 670 345 330 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 75 30 40 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 155 65 90 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 215 95 115 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 2,320 1,045 1,275 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 15 10 10 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 0 1,480 720 765
Welsh 0 0 10 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 3,215 1,575 1,635 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 405 200 200 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 30 0 20 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 200 80 120 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 0 0 0 1,655 820 835
German 1,275 640 635 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 0 0 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 10 10 0 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 15 0 0 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 10 10 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 1,365 675 690 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 2,415 1,150 1,265 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 28,430 14,155 14,275 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 20,010 9,985 10,025 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 615 330 285 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 3,230 1,525 1,700 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 6,245 3,040 3,205 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 15 10 10 600 300 300
Konkani 30 15 15 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 195 90 110 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 65 25 35 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 25 10 15 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 7,740 4,020 3,720 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 205 85 120 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 400 215 185 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 7,280 3,650 3,635 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 8,655 4,290 4,365 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 555 325 235 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 160 90 70 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 8,045 3,940 4,110 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 115 55 60 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 71,370 33,850 37,520 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 20 10 10 515 275 240
Italian 53,485 25,145 28,340 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 5,640 2,715 2,925 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 2,815 1,330 1,485 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 11,625 5,620 6,005 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 1,355 745 605
Japanese 355 130 230 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 160 75 85 1,555 775 780
Georgian 160 75 85 1,555 770 785
Korean 4,805 2,335 2,470 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 30 10 15 515 225 285
Mongolian 25 10 15 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 1,165 580 585 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 410 205 205 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 0 10 0 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 25 10 15 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 20 10 10 1,340 645 695
Ganda 0 0 0 1,225 550 675
Igbo 155 65 95 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 15 10 10 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 0 0 0 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 250 135 120 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 0 0 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 210 110 95 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 110 60 50 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 10 10 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 175 75 100 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 55 25 30 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 115 50 65 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 18,945 8,890 10,050 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 18,905 8,870 10,035 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 8,485 3,860 4,625 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 210 100 110 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 11,285 5,335 5,950 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 10 0 10 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 755 310 445 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 200 100 100 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 355 150 205 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 50 25 20 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 35 20 20 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 360 145 220 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 270 105 160 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 105 40 70 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 30 10 20
Turkic languages 2,265 1,150 1,120 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 255 145 105 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 1,930 955 970 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 10 0 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 65 35 30 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35 25 15 915 450 465
Uralic languages 1,165 520 640 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 60 35 25 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 60 20 35 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 1,045 465 580 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 95 40 55 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 304,145 148,420 155,725 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 279,835 137,505 142,330 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 67,125 34,380 32,745 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 212,710 103,130 109,580 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 24,310 10,910 13,400 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 304,145 148,415 155,725 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 159,300 79,995 79,305 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 140,960 66,855 74,110 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 44,155 21,095 23,060 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 19,485 9,625 9,860 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 33,950 16,155 17,795 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 32,580 15,145 17,430 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 18,815 8,875 9,935 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 13,760 6,270 7,495 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 10,790 4,825 5,970 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 3,885 1,570 2,315 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 140,960 66,850 74,110 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 12,845 6,220 6,625 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 24,355 11,905 12,450 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 35,085 15,850 19,240 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 56,270 27,365 28,910 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 12,400 5,515 6,885 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 140,960 66,855 74,110 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 14,215 6,590 7,625 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 540 275 270 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 760 345 410 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 545 275 265 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 2,100 965 1,135 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 35 20 10 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 2,095 895 1,200 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 360 155 200 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 395 190 205 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 820 415 400 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 2,085 895 1,190 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 4,495 2,150 2,340 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 56,390 26,725 29,665 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 245 125 125 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 370 165 205 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 285 155 130 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 690 265 430 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 885 445 440 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 485 210 275 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 75 30 45 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 25,375 12,200 13,175 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 125 50 75 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 1,460 665 795 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 2,900 1,425 1,475 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 2,270 1,085 1,180 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 7,265 3,300 3,965 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 335 160 175 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 5,665 2,640 3,030 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,820 850 965 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 6,150 2,960 3,190 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 5,980 2,920 3,055 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 25 10 15 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 645 340 305 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 170 100 70 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 330 140 185 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 745 390 355 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 525 210 315 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 100 25 75 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 1,765 880 890 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 1,665 825 845 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 64,065 30,485 33,580 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 1,435 735 695 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 385 200 180 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 8,450 3,825 4,625 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 2,240 1,070 1,170 108,030 50,945 57,090