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Census Profile, 2016 Census
Markham, City [Census subdivision], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Markham, CY
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Markham, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Markham, City [Census subdivision], Ontario Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 328,966  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,448,494  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 301,709  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,851,821  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 9.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 106,131  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,598,391  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 102,676  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,549.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 212.35  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 908,699.33  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 328,965 160,185 168,780 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 55,390 28,570 26,815 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 17,085 8,715 8,370 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 19,085 9,905 9,180 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 19,220 9,950 9,270 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 223,655 108,230 115,420 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 21,095 10,910 10,185 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 21,455 11,225 10,230 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 21,170 10,705 10,460 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 20,385 9,840 10,550 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 20,345 9,305 11,035 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 23,535 10,785 12,745 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 24,860 11,650 13,210 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 25,980 12,400 13,580 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 23,510 11,235 12,270 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 21,325 10,175 11,150 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 49,920 23,380 26,540 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 18,215 8,835 9,380 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 11,865 5,710 6,150 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 8,645 4,130 4,510 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 5,885 2,685 3,195 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 5,320 2,020 3,300 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 3,395 1,370 2,025 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 1,475 505 965 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 390 120 270 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 60 15 40 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.8 17.8 15.9 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 68.0 67.6 68.4 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 15.2 14.6 15.7 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 1.6 1.3 2.0 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 40.2 39.3 41.1 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 41.1 39.8 42.1 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 102,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 60,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,807,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 13,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 886,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 28,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,460,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 6,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 289,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 13,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 460,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 5,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 176,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 522,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 10  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 102,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 13,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 25,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,693,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 21,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 834,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 23,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 796,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 17,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 503,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 327,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,242,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 3.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 273,575 131,615 141,965 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 170,415 84,750 85,665 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 162,185 80,645 81,535 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 8,230 4,105 4,125 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 103,160 46,865 56,295 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 73,855 38,935 34,915 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 4,790 1,760 3,025 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 12,235 4,055 8,185 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 12,280 2,115 10,165 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 95,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 35,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,815,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 25,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 844,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 26,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 792,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 8,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 330,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 95,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 82,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 78,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,684,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 4,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 452,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 13,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 10,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 2,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 82,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 27,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,428,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 54,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,708,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 21,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 658,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 25,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 738,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 7,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 311,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 13,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 7,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 386,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 4,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 1,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 32,640 13,180 19,460 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 102,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 78,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,481,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 20,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 57,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,170,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 8,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 145,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 16,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,541,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 13,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 327,785 159,850 167,930 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 275,720 137,435 138,280 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 125 50 70 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 19,155 8,335 10,820 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 32,795 14,035 18,760 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 327,790 159,850 167,935 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 290,225 143,645 146,580 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 2,180 1,000 1,180 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 2,995 1,360 1,635 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 32,385 13,855 18,540 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 3,675 1,675 2,000 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.1 1.0 1.2 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 327,785 159,850 167,935 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 313,580 152,945 160,630 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 116,085 58,910 57,170 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 114,200 58,060 56,140 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 1,880 845 1,035 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 197,500 94,035 103,460 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 0 0 0 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 197,490 94,035 103,455 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,350 1,645 1,705 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 5 5 0 725 405 320
Kabyle 0 0 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 140 60 75 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 10 5 0 1,445 720 730
Somali 130 55 75 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 3,210 1,580 1,625 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 55 25 30 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 2,720 1,345 1,370 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 10 5 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 40 20 25 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 305 145 160 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 45 20 25 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 20 10 5 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,170 525 640 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 45 20 25 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 1,125 510 615 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 5 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 5,515 2,170 3,345 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 15 10 5 595 260 330
Cebuano 150 50 100 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 5 0 5 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 70 25 45 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 215 80 135 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 335 155 185 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 40 15 25 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 10 5 5 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,640 1,815 2,825 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 215 115 100 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 165 80 85 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 55 30 20 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 15,620 7,510 8,115 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 85 45 40 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 575 285 290 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 14,625 7,015 7,610 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 330 160 175 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 44,775 21,825 22,950 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 100 50 45 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 1,355 675 680 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 5,030 2,340 2,685 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 110 50 65 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 60 25 40 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 50 20 30 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 4,915 2,290 2,620 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 10 5 5 515 230 280
Bosnian 25 10 15 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 155 75 85 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 100 45 55 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 80 40 40 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 1,185 580 605 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 605 270 330 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 1,995 880 1,115 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 340 185 160 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 30 15 15 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 80 35 45 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 65 35 35 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 230 110 120 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 15 5 5 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 450 210 240
Welsh 10 0 0 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 1,455 695 760 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 35 15 20 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 50 35 15 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 245 120 125 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 5 0 0 1,240 630 620
German 930 435 495 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 0 0 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 10 5 5 940 405 540
Swedish 35 20 15 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 145 65 80 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 170 80 85
Greek 2,455 1,210 1,240 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 26,935 13,240 13,695 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 19,155 9,370 9,785 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 655 330 325 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 4,510 2,185 2,325 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 2,415 1,175 1,245 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 15 5 10 345 170 175
Konkani 95 35 55 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 230 110 120 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 50 20 25 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 15 5 10 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,780 1,860 1,915 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 655 310 345 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 360 160 200 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 6,380 3,170 3,210 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 7,695 3,825 3,870 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 85 45 40 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 330 160 175 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 7,285 3,620 3,660 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 85 45 40 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 7,430 3,600 3,830 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 10 0 10 285 150 135
Italian 3,690 1,800 1,885 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 695 330 365 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 945 470 475 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 2,085 990 1,090 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 420 200 215
Japanese 435 160 270 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 40 25 15 1,200 635 565
Georgian 40 25 15 1,200 635 565
Korean 3,230 1,520 1,715 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 10 5 5 405 180 220
Mongolian 10 5 5 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 295 135 165 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 70 25 35 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 10 10 5 1,140 475 670
Ewe 0 5 0 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 5 0 365 180 185
Ga 5 5 0 600 275 325
Ganda 0 0 0 760 360 400
Igbo 35 15 20 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 5 5 5 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 5 1,330 545 785
Shona 10 0 10 1,455 660 790
Swahili 75 35 45 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 0 0 5 290 145 150
Yoruba 30 15 15 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 0 5 1,610 810 800
Dinka 0 0 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 55 30 25 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 5 5 0 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 45 25 25 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 121,410 57,720 63,690 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 121,315 57,670 63,645 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 72,620 34,645 37,975 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 2,235 1,045 1,190 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 41,790 19,825 21,970 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 225 100 120 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,000 950 1,050 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 940 410 530 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,480 685 800 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 100 45 50 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 85 40 40 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 10 5 5 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 160 60 95 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 80 40 40 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 70 20 50 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 485 260 230 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 95 50 45 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 360 195 170 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 0 0 0 515 255 260
Uzbek 5 0 5 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 640 295 345
Uralic languages 705 325 380 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 80 35 45 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 105 45 65 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 515 245 270 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 14,210 6,910 7,300 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 590 260 325 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 12,985 6,335 6,650 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 245 125 115 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 395 180 210 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 327,785 159,855 167,935 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 291,540 142,190 149,355 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 156,995 78,245 78,745 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 156,215 77,900 78,315 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 785 350 430 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 134,545 63,940 70,605 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 5 5 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 5 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 134,540 63,935 70,605 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,445 670 775 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 60 25 35 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 5 5 0 805 380 425
Somali 55 20 35 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 1,375 640 730 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 25 10 15 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 1,200 560 640 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 5 5 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 15 10 5 555 250 305
Hebrew 110 50 55 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 5 0 5 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 10 10 5 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 430 210 225 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 10 10 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 415 200 215 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 2,035 875 1,160 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 5 0 5 90 35 55
Cebuano 50 15 35 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 25 10 15 910 385 530
Ilocano 45 15 30 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 100 55 50 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,800 775 1,030 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 125 65 60 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 95 50 45 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 10,225 4,815 5,410 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 40 15 25 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 250 130 125 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 9,780 4,595 5,190 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 150 80 75 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 22,550 10,790 11,765 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 40 20 20 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 760 385 375 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 2,325 1,100 1,225 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 30 10 15 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 15 5 5 860 350 515
Lithuanian 10 0 5 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 2,295 1,090 1,210 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 5 5 5 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 45 20 25 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 25 15 10 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 15 5 10 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 445 205 235 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 225 110 115 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 1,310 605 700 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 150 80 65 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 10 5 5 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 10 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 55 30 25 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 355 160 190
Celtic languages 5 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 5 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 135 60 70 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 10 5 5 755 365 390
Danish 0 0 0 280 135 150
Dutch 15 10 10 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 100 45 50 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 10 5 5 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 5 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 845 405 440 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 15,580 7,500 8,085 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 10,160 4,860 5,300 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 360 170 190 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 2,455 1,155 1,300 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 1,110 530 580 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 10 0 5 65 30 35
Konkani 15 10 5 540 260 280
Marathi 100 50 55 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 25 10 15 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,180 1,030 1,145 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 240 110 130 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 120 55 65 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 3,540 1,735 1,805 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 5,385 2,625 2,765 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 45 25 25 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 190 80 105 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 5,150 2,515 2,635 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 2,865 1,315 1,545 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 5 0 5 135 60 75
Italian 1,095 465 625 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 210 100 110 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 475 235 240 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 1,080 515 565 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 215 95 125 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 20 15 10 770 420 355
Georgian 20 15 10 775 420 355
Korean 2,255 1,070 1,180 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 5 5 5 225 115 110
Mongolian 5 5 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 75 30 40 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 25 10 15 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 5 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 0 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 0 5 5 540 265 275
Lingala 5 0 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5 420 160 260
Shona 5 0 0 455 210 245
Swahili 25 10 15 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 5 130 65 65
Yoruba 0 0 0 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 5 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 425 195 225
Sign languages 75 40 40 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 10 5 5 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 70 35 35 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 94,600 45,035 49,560 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 94,560 45,020 49,540 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 56,750 26,825 29,935 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 985 460 530 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 34,390 16,605 17,785 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 70 30 45 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 780 370 410 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 590 280 310 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 975 450 520 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 40 20 25 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 35 15 20 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 5 0 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 5 5 5 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 50 30 25 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 30 15 10 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 20 10 10 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 10 5 10
Turkic languages 235 110 125 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 40 20 20 770 385 380
Turkish 185 85 100 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 0 0 5 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 250 130 120
Uralic languages 190 85 110 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 20 10 15 790 290 500
Finnish 25 10 10 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 140 60 80 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 465 245 225
Multiple responses 36,250 17,670 18,580 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 515 245 270 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 35,025 17,110 17,915 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 105 45 55 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 605 260 345 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 327,785 159,855 167,935 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 226,840 110,935 115,900 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 49,760 24,470 25,290 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 1,780 765 1,025 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 47,665 22,910 24,755 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 0 0 0 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 47,665 22,910 24,755 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 240 100 135 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 1,065 500 570 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 425 175 255 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 10 5 10 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 272,050 131,175 140,875 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 256,900 123,675 133,220 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,106 32,260 25,270 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 256,950 123,695 133,255 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,319 29,765 23,880 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 228,160 112,345 115,815 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,089 34,305 24,966 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 188,000 83,415 104,585 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,660 866 2,955 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 186,150 94,580 91,565 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,242 36,654 28,804 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 272,050 131,175 140,880 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 256,980 123,805 133,170 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,184 52,683 38,212 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 257,045 123,825 133,220 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,126 42,271 32,343 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 228,145 112,575 115,570 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,235 54,366 38,314 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 188,515 83,900 104,615 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,639 4,792 6,318 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 186,150 94,770 91,380 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,769 55,188 40,075 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 272,050 131,170 140,875 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 87,215 48,410 38,805 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 56,396 61,298 51,488 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 70,305 78,024 60,676 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.9 93.9 87.0 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.6 79.9 72.3 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.1 6.1 13.0 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 272,055 131,170 140,880 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 15,150 7,495 7,655 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 256,900 123,675 133,225 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 94.4 94.3 94.6 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 52,490 23,470 29,020 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 50,090 22,160 27,930 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 30,745 13,610 17,135 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 23,400 10,490 12,910 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 20,120 9,220 10,900 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 15,895 7,625 8,270 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 13,075 6,535 6,545 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 10,350 5,460 4,890 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 8,590 4,780 3,815 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 7,780 4,225 3,550 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 24,350 16,095 8,260 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 16,075 10,120 5,950 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 8,280 5,970 2,305 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 272,050 131,170 140,880 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 15,105 7,480 7,620 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 256,950 123,695 133,255 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 94.4 94.3 94.6 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 53,325 23,740 29,590 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 51,825 23,035 28,795 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 34,645 15,360 19,285 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 27,430 12,445 14,985 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 22,785 10,735 12,055 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 17,615 8,805 8,815 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 13,370 7,200 6,170 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 11,175 6,215 4,960 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 24,770 16,165 8,605 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 7,845 4,600 3,250 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 4,885 3,125 1,760 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 12,040 8,445 3,595 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 272,050 131,170 140,880 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 85,900 36,590 49,310 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 186,145 94,580 91,565 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 68.4 72.1 65.0 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 23,715 10,975 12,740 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 16,830 7,730 9,100 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 27,765 13,580 14,185 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 20,355 9,430 10,930 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 17,300 8,170 9,135 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 15,150 7,135 8,015 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 12,415 6,135 6,275 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 10,380 5,340 5,045 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 8,420 4,615 3,805 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 33,825 21,480 12,345 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 7,205 4,095 3,110 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 6,910 3,765 3,145 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 19,705 13,615 6,085 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 102,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 89,028  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,287  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 78,472  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 13,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,896  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,219  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 88,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,827,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 98,526  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,967  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,768  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,528  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 102,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 113,087  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 92,943  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 13,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 55,714  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,571  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,957  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 88,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,828,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 121,946  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 100,353  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,157  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 102,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 2,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 134,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 207,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 206,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 6,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 6,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 363,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 6,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 335,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 5,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 309,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 5,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 282,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 45,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,803,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 11,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 560,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 9,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 394,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 11,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 449,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 12,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 399,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 102,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 2,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 211,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 232,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 244,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 4,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 247,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 241,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 7,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 463,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 7,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 422,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 7,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 6,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 342,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 6,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 290,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 37,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,367,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 12,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 539,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 9,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 334,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 15,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 493,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 88,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 96,829  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,089  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,237  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,531  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 20,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 80,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,459  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,709  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,237  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 54,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,716,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,041  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,576  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 10,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 584,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,457  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,363  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,317  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 88,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 120,626  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 99,131  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 20,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 108,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,952  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 54,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,717,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 135,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 140,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,564  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,144  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 10,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 581,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 72,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,748  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,607  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,742  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 21,355 9,685 11,670 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,195 28,971 29,376 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,128 26,798 27,374 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 21,295 9,575 11,715 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 44,434 44,840 44,102 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,556 36,493 36,607 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 327,405 159,720 167,680 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 152,560 73,530 79,030 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 34,660 16,780 17,880 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 32,995 15,790 17,205 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 29,355 14,155 15,200 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 27,470 13,345 14,130 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 28,075 13,470 14,605 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 174,840 86,190 88,650 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 28,335 13,755 14,580 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 30,570 14,920 15,650 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 33,575 16,420 17,155 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 39,180 19,415 19,765 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 43,185 21,680 21,500 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 327,400 159,725 167,675 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 67,965 35,075 32,890 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 20,640 10,575 10,060 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 210,855 101,625 109,230 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 48,580 23,020 25,565 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 49,485 23,805 25,685 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 12,255 6,340 5,920 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 3,880 2,005 1,880 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 30,980 14,575 16,400 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 6,245 2,885 3,360 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.1 14.9 15.3 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 18.0 18.1 18.0 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 18.8 19.0 18.7 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 14.7 14.3 15.0 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 12.9 12.5 13.1 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 40,080 19,355 20,730 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 9,790 5,060 4,725 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 3,105 1,615 1,490 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 26,570 12,645 13,925 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 3,725 1,650 2,075 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 12.2 12.1 12.4 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 14.4 14.4 14.4 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 15.0 15.3 14.8 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 12.6 12.4 12.7 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 7.7 7.2 8.1 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 327,400 159,725 167,680 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 294,680 146,005 148,675 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 294,505 145,935 148,575 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 19,190 8,405 10,785 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 233,815 111,840 121,975 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 10 10 10 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 10 0 0 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 10 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 10 0 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 10 0 0 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 233,810 111,835 121,975 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 5,355 2,565 2,790 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 10 0 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 130 65 70 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 15 10 0 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 120 55 60 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 5,220 2,500 2,725 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 145 75 70 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 3,920 1,885 2,035 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 30 15 15 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 50 30 30 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 1,060 510 550 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 50 15 35 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 40 10 25 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,980 820 1,160 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 30 10 20 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 1,950 815 1,135 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 7,190 2,765 4,420 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 10 0 10 755 340 425
Cebuano 165 65 100 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 10 10 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 35 15 15 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 265 100 170 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 10 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 480 230 255 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 75 35 40 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 10 0 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,565 2,475 4,090 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 690 335 350 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 25 10 15 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 415 205 210 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 255 125 130 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 20,465 10,035 10,430 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 140 60 75 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 780 385 390 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 19,190 9,415 9,770 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 575 280 300 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 59,705 29,225 30,475 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 120 65 60 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 1,585 780 810 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 5,860 2,705 3,155 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 110 45 65 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 45 20 25 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 65 25 40 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 5,790 2,680 3,110 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 20 10 15 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 70 30 40 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 190 90 100 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 190 90 105 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 90 35 55 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 1,720 830 890 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 655 305 350 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 2,410 1,065 1,345 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 390 195 195 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 75 50 30 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 80 30 45 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 45 20 25 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 335 155 180 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 25 15 15 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 15 0 10 1,480 720 765
Welsh 10 0 0 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 2,875 1,360 1,510 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 380 185 195 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 75 45 30 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 410 180 230 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 0 0 0 1,655 820 835
German 1,755 820 930 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 0 0 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 45 20 20 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 85 40 40 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 15 10 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 220 115 110 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 3,705 1,885 1,825 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 36,330 18,075 18,245 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 27,405 13,605 13,800 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 925 435 485 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 5,760 2,795 2,965 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 9,655 4,670 4,985 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 20 10 15 600 300 300
Konkani 200 85 115 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 445 245 200 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 75 40 35 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 30 10 20 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,615 3,400 3,220 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 1,000 460 540 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 950 510 440 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 10,175 5,185 4,995 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 9,190 4,570 4,620 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 130 55 75 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 345 175 170 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 8,830 4,410 4,420 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 180 100 75 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 10,695 5,070 5,625 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 0 0 0 515 275 240
Italian 5,140 2,460 2,685 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 1,055 485 570 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 1,060 540 520 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 3,825 1,775 2,050 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,355 745 605
Japanese 1,065 505 565 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 50 35 15 1,555 775 780
Georgian 50 40 15 1,555 770 785
Korean 4,015 1,905 2,115 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 10 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 855 430 425 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 160 90 75 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 0 10 0 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 0 0 0 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 10 0 0 1,340 645 695
Ganda 10 10 0 1,225 550 675
Igbo 30 10 25 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 30 15 15 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 0 10 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 25 10 15 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 400 210 190 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 10 0 10 730 355 375
Yoruba 90 50 40 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 135 60 80 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 135 55 85 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 40 20 20 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 95 30 65 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 136,780 65,410 71,370 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 136,720 65,385 71,340 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 88,700 42,300 46,400 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 2,705 1,235 1,470 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 64,350 29,935 34,415 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 150 50 100 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 2,295 1,035 1,265 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 1,255 600 655 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,535 730 805 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 105 50 50 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 95 45 45 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 210 85 125 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 90 45 50 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 115 45 70 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 970 510 460 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 145 75 70 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 830 445 390 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 0 0 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 20 0 15 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 915 450 465
Uralic languages 880 410 470 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 125 60 70 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 155 70 90 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 605 285 315 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 25 10 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 327,400 159,725 167,675 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 283,890 139,420 144,475 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 63,235 32,630 30,600 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 220,660 106,795 113,865 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 43,510 20,300 23,210 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 327,400 159,720 167,680 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 128,650 66,035 62,615 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 192,220 90,490 101,730 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 33,295 16,315 16,980 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 31,295 15,000 16,295 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 59,445 28,035 31,410 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 47,525 21,775 25,755 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 26,445 12,125 14,320 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 21,085 9,655 11,430 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 20,660 9,365 11,290 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 6,530 3,195 3,335 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 192,215 90,490 101,730 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 13,730 7,000 6,730 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 28,345 14,325 14,030 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 40,725 18,440 22,285 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 84,700 39,665 45,035 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 24,725 11,065 13,660 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 192,220 90,490 101,730 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 13,935 6,430 7,505 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 215 105 110 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 295 145 150 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 100 35 65 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 3,220 1,465 1,755 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 70 25 45 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 3,980 1,760 2,220 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 210 100 110 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 310 140 175 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 1,640 770 880 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,915 940 975 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 1,975 950 1,025 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 15,085 7,310 7,770 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 90 55 30 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 120 55 60 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 160 60 100 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 670 300 370 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 1,740 940 800 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 350 150 200 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 230 90 140 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 2,730 1,335 1,395 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 230 130 100 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 500 220 280 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 370 170 200 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 930 465 470 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 775 330 445 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 175 85 90 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 445 185 260 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 3,420 1,710 1,710 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 2,150 1,035 1,120 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 6,975 3,440 3,535 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 30 10 20 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 1,250 655 595 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 180 95 80 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 1,000 500 500 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 75 40 40 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 230 100 135 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 100 45 55 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 1,055 485 565 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 3,055 1,515 1,545 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 155,990 73,195 82,800 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 835 420 410 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 525 250 275 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 59,060 27,200 31,860 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 32,525 15,530 16,995 108,03