Census Profile, 2016 Census
Richmond Hill, Town [Census subdivision], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Richmond Hill, T
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Richmond Hill, Town [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : Richmond Hill, Town [Census subdivision], Ontario Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 195,022  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,448,494  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 185,541  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,851,821  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 66,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,598,391  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 64,116  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,928.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 101.11  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 908,699.33  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 195,020 94,745 100,280 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 32,565 16,880 15,680 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 8,555 4,385 4,175 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 11,215 5,740 5,475 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 12,790 6,755 6,035 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 134,000 64,840 69,160 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 13,580 7,210 6,365 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 12,465 6,430 6,040 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 10,985 5,540 5,445 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 9,930 4,750 5,180 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 11,270 4,940 6,330 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 15,180 6,770 8,405 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 17,620 8,245 9,375 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 17,100 8,485 8,615 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 14,635 7,080 7,560 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 11,230 5,385 5,850 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 28,460 13,025 15,435 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 9,875 4,710 5,165 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 6,565 3,035 3,535 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 5,095 2,415 2,680 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 3,555 1,635 1,920 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 3,365 1,230 2,135 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 2,170 880 1,285 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 925 275 650 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 245 65 180 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 25 5 20 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.7 17.8 15.6 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 68.7 68.4 69.0 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 14.6 13.7 15.4 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 1.7 1.3 2.1 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 40.4 39.4 41.4 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 42.4 41.3 43.2 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 64,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 37,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,807,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 10,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 886,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 15,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,460,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 2,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 289,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 9,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 460,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 176,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 522,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 55  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 64,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 10,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 16,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,693,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 13,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 834,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 14,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 796,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 8,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 503,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 193,800  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,242,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 162,460 77,865 84,595 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 100,190 49,740 50,460 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 95,330 47,310 48,015 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 4,870 2,425 2,440 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 62,265 28,130 34,140 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 44,235 23,295 20,945 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 3,210 1,140 2,070 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 7,470 2,415 5,055 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 7,345 1,280 6,070 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 56,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 20,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,815,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 15,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 844,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 15,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 792,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 4,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 330,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 56,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 48,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 46,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,684,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 2,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 452,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 7,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 6,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 1,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 48,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 15,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,428,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 32,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,708,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 13,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 658,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 15,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 738,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 4,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 311,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 7,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 4,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 386,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 2,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 18,750 7,320 11,435 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 64,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 49,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,481,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 12,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 36,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,170,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 3,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 145,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 11,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,541,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 10,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 193,995 94,435 99,565 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 167,150 83,235 83,910 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 100 40 60 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 14,935 6,415 8,520 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 11,815 4,740 7,075 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 193,995 94,430 99,560 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 177,985 87,855 90,130 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 1,455 620 835 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 2,870 1,270 1,600 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 11,685 4,680 7,000 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,890 1,260 1,630 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.5 1.3 1.6 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 193,995 94,435 99,565 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 186,450 90,765 95,685 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 71,655 36,240 35,410 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 70,410 35,705 34,705 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 1,250 540 710 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 114,795 54,520 60,275 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 5 5 0 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 5 5 0 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 0 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 5 5 0 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 5 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 5 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 114,790 54,515 60,270 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,105 2,070 2,030 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 0 0 0 725 405 320
Kabyle 0 0 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 70 30 45 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 5 0 0 1,445 720 730
Somali 70 25 40 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 4,020 2,040 1,985 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 15 5 15 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 3,165 1,580 1,585 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 50 25 30 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 5 5 5 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 720 405 320 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 35 15 20 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 5 0 5 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 615 270 350 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 55 20 30 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 565 245 320 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 2,420 890 1,530 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 10 5 10 595 260 330
Cebuano 85 35 50 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 30 15 20 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 130 50 85 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 260 125 140 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 5 5 0 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,865 655 1,210 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 125 60 60 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 100 50 50 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 1,530 745 780 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 45 25 20 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 260 130 130 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 1,100 530 570 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 120 60 60 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 52,690 25,370 27,320 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 225 110 115 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 955 455 500 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 12,510 5,825 6,685 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 130 45 80 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 55 20 40 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 70 25 45 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 12,380 5,780 6,605 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 40 10 25 515 230 280
Bosnian 25 10 10 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 160 75 85 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 185 80 100 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 90 35 55 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 400 180 215 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 705 330 375 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 9,690 4,540 5,150 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 370 180 190 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 35 25 10 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 75 30 45 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 70 40 35 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 530 225 305 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 5 5 0 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 450 210 240
Welsh 5 0 0 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 1,185 505 680 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 25 10 15 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 35 20 20 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 250 100 145 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 5 0 5 1,240 630 620
German 725 310 415 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 5 0 5 210 100 110
Norwegian 5 5 5 940 405 540
Swedish 20 10 15 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 5 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 100 45 55 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 1,755 840 905 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 25,215 12,475 12,745 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 5,880 2,845 3,030 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 290 160 130 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 1,565 735 830 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 860 415 450 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 20 10 5 345 170 175
Konkani 35 20 20 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 45 20 25 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 50 20 25 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 570 285 290 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 430 200 230 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 225 110 120 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 1,765 860 905 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 19,285 9,595 9,685 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 195 100 90 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 70 40 30 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 19,020 9,455 9,560 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 10,845 5,155 5,690 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 5 5 0 285 150 135
Italian 6,280 3,055 3,230 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 820 360 460 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 1,645 770 870 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 2,085 960 1,130 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 420 200 215
Japanese 320 115 205 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 20 10 10 1,200 635 565
Georgian 25 10 10 1,200 635 565
Korean 4,310 2,040 2,275 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 5 5 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 5 5 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 310 155 160 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 40 15 25 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 5 5 0 140 60 80
Edo 5 0 5 1,140 475 670
Ewe 10 5 5 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5 365 180 185
Ga 5 5 0 600 275 325
Ganda 5 5 5 760 360 400
Igbo 15 10 5 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 0 0 0 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 1,330 545 785
Shona 5 5 0 1,455 660 790
Swahili 110 50 60 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 0 0 0 290 145 150
Yoruba 45 25 25 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 5 1,610 810 800
Dinka 0 0 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 20 10 10 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 5 5 5 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 5 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 46,500 21,890 24,615 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 46,460 21,870 24,595 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 22,695 10,720 11,975 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 365 170 190 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 21,495 10,130 11,365 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 25 10 10 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 735 335 405 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 545 250 300 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 590 250 340 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 40 20 25 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 20 5 10 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 15 5 10 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 90 30 55 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 45 20 20 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 45 10 30 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 910 470 440 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 265 150 115 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 575 290 290 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 10 5 0 515 255 260
Uzbek 20 10 10 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15 640 295 345
Uralic languages 785 380 405 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 55 25 30 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 85 45 40 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 645 310 335 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 7,545 3,665 3,875 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 410 205 205 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 6,640 3,245 3,395 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 190 80 110 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 310 135 170 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 193,995 94,430 99,565 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 174,290 84,935 89,360 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 101,585 50,475 51,110 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 101,110 50,260 50,850 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 475 215 260 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 72,705 34,460 38,245 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 5 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 5 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 72,705 34,455 38,245 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,030 990 1,045 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 0 5 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 45 15 25 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 0 0 0 805 380 425
Somali 40 15 25 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 1,985 965 1,015 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 0 0 5 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 1,580 750 830 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 30 10 15 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 0 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 355 200 155 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 5 0 5 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 5 0 5 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 320 135 180 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 25 10 15 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 295 130 165 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 925 410 520 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 25 15 15 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 10 5 5 910 385 530
Ilocano 50 20 30 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 115 60 50 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 710 305 405 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 5 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 75 35 40 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 60 30 35 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 840 395 450 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 10 5 5 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 105 55 50 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 660 300 355 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 65 35 35 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 29,050 13,890 15,155 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 125 60 60 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 515 235 285 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 7,600 3,580 4,015 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 50 25 30 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 20 10 15 860 350 515
Lithuanian 30 15 15 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 7,550 3,560 3,990 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 5 5 5 175 80 90
Bosnian 10 10 5 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 75 40 35 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 45 15 25 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 15 5 10 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 130 60 70 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 240 110 125 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 6,590 3,105 3,480 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 175 90 90 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 15 5 5 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 5 5 5 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 5 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 215 100 120 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 130 55 75 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 5 5 0 755 365 390
Danish 5 0 0 280 135 150
Dutch 15 5 10 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 100 35 60 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 5 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 5 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 5 0 5 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 5 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 605 280 320 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 16,460 8,030 8,425 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 2,635 1,240 1,395 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 155 85 75 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 725 325 400 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 325 150 180 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 5 0 0 540 260 280
Marathi 10 5 5 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 30 15 15 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 5 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 215 105 110 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 155 65 85 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 100 45 50 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 910 445 460 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 13,795 6,770 7,015 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 100 50 45 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 30 20 10 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 13,665 6,705 6,965 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 3,615 1,650 1,965 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 5 5 5 135 60 75
Italian 1,470 635 835 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 215 90 120 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 875 400 475 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 1,050 515 540 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 135 60 80 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 10 5 10 770 420 355
Georgian 10 5 5 775 420 355
Korean 3,035 1,460 1,580 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 5 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 65 30 40 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 15 5 10 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 5 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 5 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 0 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 5 0 5 540 265 275
Lingala 0 0 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 420 160 260
Shona 0 0 0 455 210 245
Swahili 25 10 15 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 0 5 0 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 5 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 425 195 225
Sign languages 30 15 20 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 10 0 5 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 10 10 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 35,425 16,675 18,755 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 35,410 16,665 18,740 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 17,245 8,025 9,220 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 140 55 85 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 17,030 8,130 8,895 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 5 0 5 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 270 115 155 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 330 160 170 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 385 170 220 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 5 10 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 5 0 5 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 15 5 10 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 25 10 15 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 20 5 10 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 5 0 5 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 430 210 215 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 120 60 60 770 385 380
Turkish 280 130 150 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 0 5 290 150 140
Uzbek 10 5 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 250 130 120
Uralic languages 295 145 150 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 10 5 5 790 290 500
Finnish 25 10 15 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 260 130 130 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 465 245 225
Multiple responses 19,705 9,495 10,210 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 360 165 190 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 18,835 9,110 9,725 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 55 25 30 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 455 195 260 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 193,995 94,435 99,565 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 133,180 65,105 68,070 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 29,605 14,540 15,070 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 1,320 555 765 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 28,785 13,710 15,080 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 0 0 0 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 28,785 13,710 15,080 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 205 90 115 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 540 275 270 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 340 155 185 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 15 5 10 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 161,265 77,500 83,770 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 152,050 72,845 79,205 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,038 35,559 26,126 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 152,075 72,855 79,220 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,882 32,454 24,624 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 136,065 66,620 69,445 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,279 37,704 26,481 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 108,035 47,135 60,900 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,559 841 2,644 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 111,400 56,215 55,185 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,585 40,953 31,110 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 161,265 77,475 83,790 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 151,920 72,825 79,095 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,756 57,743 40,481 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 151,940 72,835 79,105 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,563 45,632 33,975 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 136,140 66,695 69,450 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,113 59,720 40,887 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 107,990 47,145 60,850 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,415 4,716 5,956 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 111,400 56,280 55,120 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 52,189 60,924 43,269 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 161,265 77,475 83,790 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 53,495 29,815 23,685 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 61,143 67,545 55,317 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 76,595 84,769 66,305 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 92.0 94.7 88.5 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 78.2 81.1 74.3 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.0 5.3 11.5 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 161,265 77,500 83,765 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 9,215 4,655 4,560 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 152,050 72,850 79,200 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 94.3 94.0 94.6 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 31,040 13,655 17,385 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 27,705 11,770 15,930 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 17,175 7,590 9,580 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 12,920 5,805 7,110 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 11,505 5,170 6,335 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 9,390 4,335 5,050 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 7,690 3,870 3,815 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 6,525 3,335 3,190 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 5,695 3,095 2,605 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 5,345 2,855 2,495 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 17,075 11,365 5,705 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 11,155 7,095 4,060 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 5,920 4,270 1,650 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 161,265 77,500 83,765 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 9,190 4,645 4,545 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 152,080 72,855 79,220 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 94.3 94.0 94.6 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 31,570 13,845 17,720 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 28,580 12,175 16,405 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 19,510 8,750 10,755 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 15,245 6,820 8,425 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 13,350 6,125 7,225 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 10,540 5,185 5,355 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 8,610 4,575 4,035 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 7,390 4,055 3,335 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 17,285 11,320 5,965 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 5,445 3,120 2,325 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 3,290 2,160 1,130 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 8,550 6,040 2,510 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 161,265 77,500 83,765 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 49,865 21,285 28,575 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 111,400 56,215 55,190 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 69.1 72.5 65.9 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 14,155 6,480 7,665 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 9,525 4,275 5,250 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 15,585 7,445 8,145 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 10,960 5,125 5,830 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 9,585 4,330 5,260 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 8,730 3,980 4,750 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 7,310 3,440 3,870 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 6,240 3,135 3,110 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 5,395 2,865 2,535 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 23,915 15,140 8,775 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 4,825 2,675 2,155 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 4,950 2,615 2,335 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 14,135 9,850 4,285 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 64,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 88,353  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,287  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 76,923  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 10,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,862  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,219  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 53,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,827,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 101,158  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,967  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,829  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,528  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 64,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 115,526  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 93,757  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 10,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 55,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,571  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,096  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 53,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,828,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 126,876  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 103,143  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,157  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 64,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 1,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 875  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,265  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 134,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 207,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 206,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 363,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 335,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 309,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 282,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 28,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,803,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 560,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 5,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 394,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 7,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 449,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 8,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 399,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 64,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 1,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 211,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 232,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 244,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 247,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 241,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 463,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 422,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 342,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 290,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 23,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,367,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 7,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 539,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 5,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 334,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 10,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 493,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 53,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,321  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,089  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 87,042  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,531  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 12,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,522  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,459  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,001  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,237  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 32,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,716,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 121,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,287  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 6,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 584,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,457  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,363  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,608  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,317  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 53,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 125,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 102,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 12,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 104,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,704  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,952  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 32,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,717,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 145,729  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 140,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,038  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,144  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 6,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 581,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 72,177  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,748  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 61,478  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,742  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 13,345 5,715 7,635 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,453 36,134 30,233 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,691 32,536 28,078 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 13,415 5,625 7,790 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 50,257 58,090 44,599 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,192 44,923 36,774 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 193,805 94,365 99,435 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 83,905 39,975 43,930 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 21,570 10,340 11,230 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 17,330 8,045 9,285 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 15,165 7,170 8,000 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 14,580 6,965 7,610 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 15,265 7,455 7,810 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 109,895 54,390 55,505 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 16,105 7,900 8,200 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 17,635 8,705 8,930 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 21,065 10,435 10,640 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 24,895 12,335 12,560 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 30,195 15,015 15,180 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 193,800 94,365 99,440 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 40,830 21,295 19,535 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 10,625 5,425 5,195 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 125,465 60,295 65,170 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 27,505 12,770 14,730 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 30,765 14,630 16,135 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 7,370 3,940 3,430 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 1,960 1,025 930 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 18,905 8,730 10,175 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 4,490 1,960 2,530 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.9 15.5 16.2 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 18.1 18.5 17.6 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 18.4 18.9 17.9 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 15.1 14.5 15.6 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 16.3 15.3 17.2 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 24,225 11,520 12,705 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 5,880 3,150 2,730 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 1,555 815 740 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 15,635 7,280 8,350 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 2,715 1,090 1,625 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 12.5 12.2 12.8 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 14.4 14.8 14.0 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 14.6 15.0 14.2 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 12.5 12.1 12.8 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 9.9 8.5 11.0 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 193,805 94,365 99,440 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 182,005 89,655 92,350 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 181,905 89,600 92,305 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 14,920 6,500 8,420 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 134,510 64,040 70,470 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 15 0 10 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 0 0 10 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 10 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 10 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 10 0 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 10 10 0 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 134,500 64,035 70,460 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,035 3,725 3,310 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 0 0 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 150 70 80 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 10 0 0 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 140 65 80 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 6,895 3,660 3,240 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 15 10 15 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 4,160 2,240 1,920 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 120 45 75 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 2,640 1,395 1,245 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 40 20 20 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 0 0 0 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,035 430 605 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 105 55 55 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 930 375 550 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 3,320 1,235 2,085 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 15 0 10 755 340 425
Cebuano 80 40 50 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 30 0 30 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 275 100 175 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 390 170 220 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 10 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 0 0 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,775 1,010 1,770 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 245 140 105 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 175 85 85 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 80 55 25 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 2,060 1,015 1,045 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 75 30 50 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 355 165 190 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 1,555 775 780 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 230 125 110 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 64,480 30,960 33,520 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 265 160 105 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 1,030 485 545 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 14,105 6,645 7,470 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 215 105 110 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 80 35 40 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 130 65 70 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 14,020 6,600 7,420 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 100 55 45 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 40 20 20 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 110 45 60 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 340 140 200 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 100 40 60 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 520 230 290 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 820 370 450 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 11,555 5,490 6,060 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 470 235 230 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 50 30 20 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 90 40 50 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 60 40 20 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 1,170 575 600 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 15 10 0 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 0 1,480 720 765
Welsh 10 10 0 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 2,330 1,110 1,220 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 130 60 70 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 70 30 35 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 320 140 175 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 0 0 0 1,655 820 835
German 1,555 770 785 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 10 0 10 285 130 155
Norwegian 70 40 30 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 105 50 55 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 150 65 90 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 2,585 1,195 1,390 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 31,005 15,115 15,890 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 9,090 4,430 4,660 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 415 220 190 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 2,945 1,385 1,555 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 3,110 1,550 1,560 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 0 0 0 600 300 300
Konkani 90 50 40 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 70 45 30 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 40 15 15 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 25 10 15 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,365 660 705 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 735 320 420 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 405 195 205 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 3,390 1,685 1,705 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 22,060 10,785 11,275 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 315 175 140 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 130 70 55 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 21,920 10,705 11,210 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 14,890 7,105 7,780 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 0 0 0 515 275 240
Italian 8,770 4,270 4,500 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 1,010 440 575 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 1,900 895 1,005 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 3,700 1,750 1,955 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 1,355 745 605
Japanese 715 330 385 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 30 10 20 1,555 775 780
Georgian 30 15 20 1,555 770 785
Korean 4,950 2,335 2,605 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 10 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 15 10 10 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 840 415 425 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 45 20 25 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 30 25 0 385 195 185
Edo 30 10 20 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 0 0 0 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 0 0 0 1,340 645 695
Ganda 0 0 0 1,225 550 675
Igbo 20 10 10 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 0 0 0 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 10 0 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 0 0 10 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 435 210 225 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 10 0 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 95 40 55 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 175 100 75 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 25 10 20 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 95 40 55 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 70 20 50 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 25 20 0 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 52,400 24,800 27,595 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 52,360 24,785 27,575 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 27,990 13,155 14,835 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 430 185 245 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 29,820 13,975 15,840 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 15 0 10 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 905 405 495 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 830 380 445 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 750 365 385 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 50 15 30 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 10 0 10 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 35 10 20 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 100 40 60 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 60 30 25 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 45 0 40 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 1,710 825 885 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 505 245 260 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 1,205 575 630 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 0 0 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 10 0 0 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 30 915 450 465
Uralic languages 1,055 515 545 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 75 35 40 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 100 40 55 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 885 435 450 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 50 20 25 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 193,800 94,365 99,440 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 168,185 82,480 85,705 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 37,385 19,360 18,025 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 130,805 63,115 67,685 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 25,615 11,885 13,725 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 193,800 94,365 99,435 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 79,505 40,330 39,175 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 111,225 52,740 58,490 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 19,195 9,230 9,965 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 14,940 7,120 7,820 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 30,895 14,715 16,175 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 32,200 15,125 17,075 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 17,890 8,425 9,465 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 14,310 6,700 7,610 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 14,000 6,545 7,450 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 3,075 1,295 1,770 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 111,225 52,740 58,490 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 8,975 4,610 4,365 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 17,665 9,155 8,515 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 20,110 9,175 10,935 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 49,855 22,940 26,920 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 14,620 6,870 7,750 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 111,225 52,740 58,490 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 5,915 2,790 3,125 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 110 40 65 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 290 140 150 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 90 25 65 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 625 295 330 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 20 10 10 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 1,130 500 625 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 160 70 95 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 185 95 95 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 650 285 360 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,355 690 665 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 1,310 645 660 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 20,830 9,805 11,025 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 135 75 60 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 200 75 120 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 110 50 60 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 660 260 400 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 1,150 560 590 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 360 170 185 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 110 65 40 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 3,875 1,950 1,920 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 200 105 95 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 600 250 350 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 490 205 290 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 1,590 750 840 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 3,780 1,620 2,160 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 225 100 125 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 2,515 1,285 1,230 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,915 920 995 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 2,920 1,355 1,560 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 5,395 2,560 2,835 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 10 10 0 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 1,580 790 790 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 30 0 25 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 570 230 340 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 130 65 65 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 225 115 110 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 135 60 75 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 530 250 285 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 2,185 1,045 1,145 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 78,955 37,510 41,445 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 1,145 580 565 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 270 155 115 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 23,975 11,125 12,845 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 12,960 6,205 6,760 108,030 50,945 57,090