Census Profile, 2016 Census
Peel, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Peel, RM
Ontario
[Census division]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Peel, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario  Map : Peel, Regional municipality [Census division], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,381,739 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,296,809 r ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.5 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 443,918 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 430,180 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,108.1 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,246.95 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,381,740 678,700 703,040 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 253,525 130,595 122,930 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 76,315 39,040 37,275 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 87,260 44,865 42,400 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 89,945 46,690 43,260 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 951,395 466,930 484,470 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 97,155 50,810 46,340 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 100,655 52,375 48,280 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 90,540 45,250 45,295 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 91,240 43,370 47,870 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 93,395 43,135 50,260 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 96,990 45,595 51,395 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 103,465 49,675 53,790 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 108,240 53,440 54,795 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 94,150 46,560 47,595 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 75,560 36,720 38,845 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 176,820 81,175 95,640 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 62,410 29,810 32,600 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 43,800 20,835 22,965 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 31,105 14,480 16,625 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 20,830 9,205 11,625 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 18,665 6,845 11,825 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 12,110 4,885 7,225 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 5,145 1,620 3,530 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 1,215 295 920 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 200 45 150 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.3 19.2 17.5 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 68.9 68.8 68.9 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 12.8 12.0 13.6 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 1.4 1.0 1.7 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 38.3 37.5 39.1 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 38.1 37.0 39.1 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 430,180 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 196,060 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 80,780 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 152,970 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 51,040 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 56,145 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 19,695 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 25,965 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 115 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 370 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 430,180 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 68,345 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 104,345 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 81,820 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 94,060 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 81,615 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,372,645 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 3.2 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,128,210 548,105 580,110 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 661,470 330,300 331,170 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 613,325 306,245 307,075 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 48,145 24,050 24,095 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 466,745 217,805 248,940 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 335,565 178,520 157,045 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 28,025 10,895 17,130 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 51,760 18,650 33,110 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 51,395 9,740 41,655 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 386,185 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 141,600 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 95,025 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 104,930 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 44,630 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.2 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 386,185 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 320,520 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 296,475 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 24,045 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 65,660 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 53,940 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 11,725 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 320,520 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 104,775 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 215,750 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 75,015 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 98,465 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 42,270 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 65,665 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 36,825 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 20,005 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 8,830 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 148,295 67,280 81,015 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 430,180 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 316,910 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 78,440 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 238,470 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 32,910 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 80,360 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 68,345 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 12,015 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,375,800 676,520 699,280 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 1,233,210 618,475 614,730 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 1,155 490 660 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 86,395 37,055 49,345 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 55,040 20,500 34,535 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,375,800 676,520 699,280 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 1,295,375 644,520 650,855 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 13,760 6,225 7,535 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 12,440 5,670 6,770 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 54,225 20,100 34,120 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 19,980 9,060 10,915 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.5 1.3 1.6 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,375,800 676,520 699,280 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 1,305,305 641,785 663,520 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 674,495 335,195 339,305 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 662,455 329,710 332,745 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 12,040 5,480 6,560 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 630,810 306,595 324,215 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 70 35 35 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 30 10 20 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 10 5 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 5 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 5 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 5 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 5 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 5 5 5 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 5 0 5 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 5 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 10 15 5 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 15 10 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 5 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 5 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 5 10 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 630,745 306,560 324,180 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 42,455 21,365 21,085 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 55 30 25 725 405 320
Kabyle 35 20 20 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 1,500 645 855 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 5 250 140 110
Oromo 85 40 45 1,445 720 730
Somali 1,400 600 795 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 225 115 110
Semitic languages 40,765 20,625 20,140 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 625 300 325 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 34,310 17,435 16,875 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 3,115 1,545 1,570 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 505 245 260 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 65 30 35 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 105 70 35 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 1,390 680 710 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 345 165 175 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 315 165 150 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 130 55 75 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 15,015 7,015 8,000 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 320 140 180 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 14,655 6,860 7,800 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 35 15 25 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 35,515 14,970 20,540 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 95 45 50 595 260 330
Cebuano 1,000 430 565 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 20 10 10 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 365 135 225 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 1,165 480 680 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 10 5 5 100 45 55
Malay 1,305 585 715 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 380 180 195 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 80 40 40 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 30,895 12,960 17,935 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 65 30 35 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 145 70 80 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 1,640 815 825 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 25 15 15 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 1,000 510 490 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 615 290 325 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 33,080 16,325 16,755 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 955 455 500 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 5,595 2,800 2,795 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 22,780 11,115 11,665 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 3,615 1,885 1,730 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 135 70 65 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 432,875 213,370 219,500 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 2,670 1,360 1,310 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 750 380 370 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 64,830 30,625 34,205 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 830 355 480 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 190 85 105 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 640 270 370 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 64,000 30,265 33,730 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 35 15 20 515 230 280
Bosnian 1,295 645 655 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 1,330 665 665 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 6,340 3,140 3,205 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 950 445 500 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 1,630 785 845 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 32,095 14,975 17,120 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 5,820 2,625 3,205 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 4,485 2,215 2,265 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 580 285 300 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 1,050 490 560 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,120 525 590 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 7,150 3,395 3,755 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 115 60 55 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 65 20 40 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 35 10 20 450 210 240
Welsh 15 5 10 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 225 120 110
Germanic languages 7,660 3,370 4,285 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 115 50 65 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 290 130 160 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 1,810 785 1,025 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 45 10 30 1,240 630 620
German 5,130 2,285 2,845 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 5 0 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 45 20 25 940 405 540
Swedish 150 60 90 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 60 20 35 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 15 10 5 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 170 80 85
Greek 3,420 1,705 1,715 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 269,670 135,850 133,825 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 258,345 130,115 128,230 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 6,455 3,205 3,250 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 24,705 12,275 12,425 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 24,185 11,975 12,210 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 110 60 55 345 170 175
Konkani 1,055 500 555 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 2,015 1,010 1,005 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 1,895 945 945 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 210 110 100 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 134,460 68,250 66,215 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 1,535 755 785 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 2,770 1,350 1,420 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 58,955 29,695 29,265 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 10,705 5,420 5,285 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 305 185 120 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 1,835 940 900 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 8,565 4,300 4,265 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 620 310 305 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 83,815 40,065 43,750 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 10 5 5 285 150 135
Italian 24,420 12,155 12,265 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 27,685 13,215 14,465 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 3,600 1,705 1,900 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 28,075 12,970 15,110 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 420 200 215
Japanese 1,050 395 650 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 40 25 20 1,200 635 565
Georgian 40 25 20 1,200 635 565
Korean 5,210 2,455 2,760 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 35 15 15 405 180 220
Mongolian 30 15 15 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 7,645 3,565 4,080 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 3,425 1,595 1,835 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 5 0 5 140 60 80
Edo 260 110 155 1,140 475 670
Ewe 130 55 70 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 30 15 15 365 180 185
Ga 185 85 100 600 275 325
Ganda 95 40 50 760 360 400
Igbo 550 280 270 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 55 25 30 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 75 30 45 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 65 25 40 1,330 545 785
Shona 170 85 90 1,455 660 790
Swahili 560 250 310 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 30 15 20 290 145 150
Yoruba 1,295 640 655 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 705 315 390 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 70 40 25 1,610 810 800
Dinka 5 5 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 285 145 135 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 90 50 40 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 195 100 95 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 49,980 23,310 26,670 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 49,500 23,075 26,420 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 19,885 9,240 10,650 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 470 220 255 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 25,860 12,120 13,735 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 35 20 20 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,460 655 800 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 625 280 350 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,140 535 605 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 485 240 245 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 200 90 105 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 10 5 5 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 190 95 95 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 80 50 40 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 880 360 515 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 640 300 345 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 235 60 170 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 1,850 935 915 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 75 35 40 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 1,610 820 790 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 85 40 40 515 255 260
Uzbek 45 25 25 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 640 295 345
Uralic languages 2,890 1,330 1,560 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 215 100 115 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 225 90 135 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 2,450 1,135 1,310 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 240 120 120 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 70,495 34,735 35,765 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 3,220 1,455 1,765 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 64,105 31,895 32,210 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 1,315 565 750 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 1,855 820 1,040 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,375,800 676,520 699,280 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 1,202,795 591,040 611,760 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 843,850 416,880 426,970 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 838,125 414,210 423,915 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 5,725 2,670 3,055 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 358,950 174,155 184,790 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 30 15 15 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 15 5 10 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 5 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 5 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 5 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 5 5 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 10 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 10 5 5 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 5 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 358,920 174,140 184,775 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 22,740 11,135 11,605 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 10 5 5 345 175 170
Kabyle 5 5 5 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 665 295 370 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 30 15 15 805 380 425
Somali 630 280 350 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 22,000 10,800 11,200 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 250 115 130 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 18,915 9,320 9,600 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,870 915 955 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 270 130 140 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 25 15 15 555 250 305
Hebrew 30 15 15 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 330 150 180 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 140 65 75 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 175 90 90 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 65 25 40 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 10,090 4,700 5,385 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 145 70 80 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 9,925 4,625 5,300 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 14,735 6,645 8,090 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 345 165 180 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 5 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 95 40 55 910 385 530
Ilocano 375 170 205 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 5 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 475 225 250 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 125 60 65 445 200 250
Pangasinan 15 5 5 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 13,275 5,965 7,310 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 10 5 5 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 380 175 200
Creole languages 930 460 470 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 10 5 5 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 650 330 320 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 270 120 145 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 20,320 9,880 10,445 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 430 215 215 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 2,905 1,440 1,460 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 14,935 7,155 7,775 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 2,005 1,045 955 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 244,765 119,955 124,810 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 1,340 670 670 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 315 145 170 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 33,810 16,145 17,670 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 265 115 155 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 45 20 20 860 350 515
Lithuanian 220 90 130 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 33,550 16,035 17,515 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 10 5 10 175 80 90
Bosnian 705 345 365 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 785 390 395 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 2,495 1,230 1,270 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 340 170 170 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 760 385 375 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 17,660 8,375 9,285 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 3,610 1,695 1,915 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 2,545 1,240 1,305 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 250 120 130 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 330 155 180 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 255 120 135 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 3,760 1,800 1,960 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 355 160 190
Celtic languages 10 0 5 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 710 310 395 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 25 15 15 755 365 390
Danish 20 10 10 280 135 150
Dutch 105 40 65 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 5 0 5 90 45 45
German 515 225 285 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 30 15 10 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 1,070 490 580 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 172,780 86,020 86,760 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 166,310 82,880 83,435 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 3,825 1,855 1,965 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 14,890 7,255 7,630 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 12,250 6,005 6,250 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 20 10 15 65 30 35
Konkani 215 100 115 540 260 280
Marathi 960 490 460 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 1,250 625 625 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 100 50 50 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 94,880 47,725 47,155 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 720 355 370 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,260 625 635 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 35,935 17,780 18,155 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 6,225 3,030 3,195 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 155 90 65 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 1,015 505 510 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 5,055 2,435 2,625 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 240 110 130 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 34,730 16,180 18,555 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 5 5 0 135 60 75
Italian 6,370 2,815 3,555 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 11,045 5,235 5,810 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 1,685 800 885 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 15,615 7,320 8,300 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 110 50 60
Japanese 570 265 305 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 15 5 10 770 420 355
Georgian 15 10 10 775 420 355
Korean 3,545 1,705 1,840 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 15 10 10 225 115 110
Mongolian 10 10 10 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 2,615 1,170 1,440 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 1,480 650 830 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 65 25 45 305 120 180
Ewe 40 20 20 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 60 30 25 175 80 100
Ganda 35 20 15 195 85 110
Igbo 120 60 60 540 265 275
Lingala 10 5 5 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 10 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 10 15 420 160 260
Shona 75 40 35 455 210 245
Swahili 145 60 80 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 15 10 10 130 65 65
Yoruba 425 190 240 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 5 10 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 425 195 225
Sign languages 460 270 190 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 165 90 80 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 290 175 115 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 35,715 16,800 18,920 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 35,440 16,655 18,780 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 13,605 6,215 7,390 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 145 70 75 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 19,955 9,590 10,370 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 5 0 5 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 625 275 350 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 395 180 215 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 685 325 365 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 280 140 140 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 125 60 60 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 140 70 70 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 375 175 200 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 305 140 160 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 70 30 40 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 990 480 510 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 20 10 10 770 385 380
Turkish 875 425 450 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 60 30 25 290 150 140
Uzbek 25 15 10 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 250 130 120
Uralic languages 940 455 485 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 25 10 10 790 290 500
Finnish 30 10 15 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 890 430 455 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 80 40 45 465 245 225
Multiple responses 173,000 85,480 87,520 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 3,010 1,340 1,670 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 166,330 82,540 83,785 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 555 255 305 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 3,105 1,350 1,755 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,375,800 676,520 699,280 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 1,023,775 503,270 520,510 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 156,995 79,355 77,635 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 9,505 3,945 5,550 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 179,135 86,855 92,280 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 30 15 15 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 179,105 86,845 92,260 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 985 450 535 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 3,705 1,895 1,810 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 1,655 720 935 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 50 25 25 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,119,400 544,795 574,605 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,053,150 513,510 539,635 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,715 35,812 26,687 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,053,315 513,545 539,775 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,405 32,554 25,077 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 927,385 467,335 460,050 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,381 36,866 26,509 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 757,275 333,870 423,410 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,169 917 3,855 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 805,200 415,990 389,210 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,467 38,017 29,520 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 1,119,400 544,800 574,605 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,053,655 513,720 539,935 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,651 49,339 36,287 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,053,850 513,760 540,085 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,665 40,372 31,187 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 927,480 467,585 459,890 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,405 50,495 36,196 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 756,500 333,300 423,195 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,189 5,207 6,962 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 805,200 416,420 388,785 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,132 50,326 37,498 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 1,119,400 544,795 574,605 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 384,710 216,620 168,090 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 52,426 56,821 47,980 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 63,269 68,999 55,885 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.6 93.1 85.0 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 78.9 82.4 74.4 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.4 6.9 15.0 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 1,119,405 544,795 574,605 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 66,255 31,285 34,970 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 1,053,145 513,515 539,635 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 94.1 94.3 93.9 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 191,530 84,220 107,310 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 188,635 79,650 108,985 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 137,135 61,305 75,830 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 114,215 53,100 61,115 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 100,860 47,700 53,155 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 79,600 40,600 38,995 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 60,400 33,500 26,905 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 45,660 27,005 18,660 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 34,805 20,950 13,855 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 28,145 16,175 11,965 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 72,155 49,295 22,865 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 49,845 33,120 16,725 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 22,320 16,175 6,140 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,119,405 544,795 574,605 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 66,085 31,250 34,830 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 1,053,315 513,545 539,775 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 94.1 94.3 93.9 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 194,025 85,005 109,020 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 196,450 83,480 112,965 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 158,705 71,470 87,235 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 136,280 64,335 71,950 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 116,675 57,980 58,695 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 81,700 45,025 36,675 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 56,405 33,620 22,785 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 40,930 24,045 16,885 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 72,150 48,595 23,560 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 25,200 15,585 9,610 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 14,375 9,730 4,645 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 32,580 23,275 9,300 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 1,119,400 544,795 574,605 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 314,200 128,805 185,395 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 805,200 415,990 389,210 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 71.9 76.4 67.7 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 98,205 46,060 52,145 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 67,295 29,650 37,640 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 113,910 54,995 58,915 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 91,845 43,775 48,070 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 86,550 41,105 45,445 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 79,515 38,590 40,925 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 64,615 34,270 30,350 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 49,530 28,435 21,100 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 38,530 23,475 15,050 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 115,205 75,635 39,570 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 30,230 18,585 11,645 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 25,115 14,535 10,580 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 59,860 42,515 17,345 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 430,180 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 86,233 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 75,667 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 68,345 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,872 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,934 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 361,835 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 96,263 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,394 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 430,180 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 104,466 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 87,371 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 68,315 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 51,872 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,786 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 361,870 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 114,394 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 95,788 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 430,180 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,140 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,850 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,350 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 9,770 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,210 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 11,850 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,180 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,250 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 14,885 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 15,340 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 31,075 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 30,355 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 29,245 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 28,190 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 26,490 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 178,000 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 55,095 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 40,635 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 46,050 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 36,215 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 430,180 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,470 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 3,925 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,480 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 10,150 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 12,270 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 13,145 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 14,935 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 16,795 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 18,360 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 18,795 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 37,755 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 36,015 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 35,075 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 32,115 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 28,845 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 139,040 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 55,425 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 35,210 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 48,410 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 356,435 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,869 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 83,175 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.6 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 75,975 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,464 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,996 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 214,125 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,391 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 95,547 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.3 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 54,710 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,604 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,949 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.9 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 356,135 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 113,319 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,798 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 75,955 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,227 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,650 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 214,065 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 127,895 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,923 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 54,350 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 73,017 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,851 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 102,755 51,105 51,650 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,735 36,964 32,735 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,494 33,087 30,000 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 102,550 51,120 51,425 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 44,684 46,348 43,031 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,293 38,195 36,397 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,372,645 675,245 697,395 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 665,170 322,535 342,640 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 116,645 57,145 59,500 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 130,265 61,780 68,485 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 135,530 65,180 70,350 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 139,815 68,270 71,540 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 142,910 70,150 72,755 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 707,470 352,715 354,760 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 143,925 70,860 73,065 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 145,155 71,660 73,495 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 145,660 72,545 73,115 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 147,830 74,125 73,705 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 124,905 63,515 61,390 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,372,640 675,245 697,395 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 309,765 159,880 149,885 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 92,550 47,395 45,155 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 892,655 436,170 456,485 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 170,220 79,190 91,025 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 175,980 84,210 91,770 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 56,075 29,150 26,925 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 17,870 9,235 8,630 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 102,300 48,005 54,295 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 17,605 7,055 10,555 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.8 12.5 13.2 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 18.1 18.2 18.0 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 19.3 19.5 19.1 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 11.5 11.0 11.9 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 10.3 8.9 11.6 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 138,555 67,480 71,075 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 41,810 21,750 20,060 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 13,450 6,955 6,490 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 85,760 41,545 44,210 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 10,990 4,185 6,805 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 10.1 10.0 10.2 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 13.5 13.6 13.4 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 14.5 14.7 14.4 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 9.6 9.5 9.7 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 6.5 5.3 7.5 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,372,640 675,245 697,395 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 1,317,715 654,715 663,005 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 1,316,720 654,335 662,390 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 87,025 37,420 49,610 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 788,825 384,845 403,975 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 115 50 65 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 85 30 60 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 40 20 25 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 25 10 10 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 20 10 15 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 25 10 15 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 25 10 15 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 30 0 25 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 20 0 20 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 10 10 10 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 10 10 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 10 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 10 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 10 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 788,710 384,800 403,910 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 56,265 28,545 27,715 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 55 35 20 925 505 415
Kabyle 35 25 15 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 2,395 1,050 1,350 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 10 0 10 355 200 160
Oromo 120 50 75 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 2,255 990 1,260 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 370 170 205
Semitic languages 53,875 27,485 26,385 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 1,120 510 615 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 47,510 24,415 23,095 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 3,865 1,965 1,905 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 705 320 385 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 145 75 75 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 595 355 240 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 1,760 830 930 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 535 245 295 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 390 180 215 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 260 110 150 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 19,070 8,995 10,075 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 350 135 225 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 18,715 8,870 9,845 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 25 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 44,845 18,965 25,880 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 100 40 60 755 340 425
Cebuano 1,650 700 950 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 20 0 10 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 485 170 310 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 1,605 610 990 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 10 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 2,120 995 1,130 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 455 195 255 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 85 45 45 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 41,965 17,665 24,295 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 55 25 30 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 170 90 80 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 5,265 2,495 2,765 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 110 65 50 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 2,850 1,400 1,450 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 2,310 1,045 1,270 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 45,185 22,675 22,505 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 2,185 1,070 1,110 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 7,315 3,670 3,650 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 32,560 16,260 16,295 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 5,400 2,855 2,540 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 240 135 105 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 549,440 271,910 277,530 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 3,060 1,575 1,485 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 950 470 480 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 74,415 35,620 38,795 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 1,015 445 565 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 240 95 145 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 770 355 420 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 73,610 35,255 38,350 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 120 65 55 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 1,885 945 945 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 1,580 815 760 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 8,820 4,285 4,535 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 1,210 590 615 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 2,270 1,125 1,150 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 37,890 18,035 19,855 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 10,245 4,965 5,275 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 5,750 2,905 2,845 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 600 285 315 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 1,395 670 725 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,385 605 780 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 9,770 4,540 5,235 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 140 70 65 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 175 70 110 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 80 30 55 1,480 720 765
Welsh 15 0 10 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 80 40 45 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 12,260 5,845 6,415 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 530 255 275 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 335 175 160 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 2,210 1,000 1,205 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 50 10 40 1,655 820 835
German 8,915 4,290 4,620 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 10 10 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 165 75 90 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 310 150 160 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 45 20 25 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 10 10 0 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 5,060 2,620 2,440 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 345,715 174,545 171,170 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 334,485 168,990 165,495 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 8,085 4,005 4,085 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 33,105 16,380 16,725 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 108,315 54,525 53,790 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 250 120 135 600 300 300
Konkani 2,625 1,160 1,470 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 4,110 2,120 1,990 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 2,175 1,085 1,090 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 325 155 165 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 180,750 92,565 88,185 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 2,410 1,150 1,255 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 4,630 2,345 2,280 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 88,130 44,680 43,450 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 12,930 6,365 6,560 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 375 210 165 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 2,560 1,320 1,240 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 10,575 5,170 5,405 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,325 695 630 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 113,440 53,990 59,445 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 35 15 20 515 275 240
Italian 35,875 17,640 18,235 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 35,860 17,140 18,720 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 4,280 2,065 2,215 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 41,335 19,005 22,335 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 65 40 25 1,355 745 605
Japanese 1,860 855 1,005 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 70 35 35 1,555 775 780
Georgian 70 40 30 1,555 770 785
Korean 5,790 2,670 3,120 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 45 20 30 515 225 285
Mongolian 45 15 30 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 14,965 7,120 7,850 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 5,425 2,515 2,910 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 55 15 40 385 195 185
Edo 570 275 295 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 150 60 90 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 120 70 55 700 320 375
Ga 430 235 195 1,340 645 695
Ganda 160 70 85 1,225 550 675
Igbo 1,050 505 545 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 480 205 275 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 100 35 65 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 175 60 115 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 235 95 145 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 2,240 1,120 1,120 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 95 40 55 730 355 375
Yoruba 3,185 1,555 1,630 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,495 740 755 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 70 50 20 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 10 10 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 60 45 20 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 1,085 485 600 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 520 190 335 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 575 300 280 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 57,520 27,000 30,520 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 56,900 26,675 30,230 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 25,455 11,825 13,630 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 510 235 275 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 34,605 16,080 18,525 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 60 25 40 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,925 905 1,010 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 865 405 460 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,195 530 665 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 640 340 300 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 185 90 95 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 295 160 135 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 165 90 70 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 1,225 580 645 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 900 445 455 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 435 185 250 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 2,525 1,290 1,235 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 80 35 45 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 2,265 1,185 1,080 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 130 45 80 700 350 345
Uzbek 45 25 20 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25 915 450 465
Uralic languages 3,245 1,480 1,770 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 260 110 150 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 280 140 140 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 2,705 1,230 1,475 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 665 355 310 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,372,640 675,245 697,395 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,192,495 587,865 604,625 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 283,905 146,305 137,600 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 908,590 441,560 467,025 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 180,145 87,375 92,770 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,372,640 675,245 697,395 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 642,835 323,765 319,070 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 706,835 339,410 367,430 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 134,265 63,400 70,865 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 94,105 45,615 48,490 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 171,230 82,550 88,680 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 213,135 102,330 110,805 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 113,910 54,840 59,070 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 99,225 47,485 51,740 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 94,105 45,515 48,595 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 22,970 12,070 10,895 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 706,840 339,405 367,430 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 60,825 30,760 30,065 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 116,450 59,505 56,945 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 159,265 70,515 88,750 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 291,160 142,250 148,910 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 79,140 36,375 42,765 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 706,835 339,405 367,430 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 112,715 50,455 62,260 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 1,505 630 875 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 4,745 2,170 2,570 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 2,425 1,195 1,230 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 20,875 9,665 11,215 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 440 255 185 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 35,320 15,095 20,225 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 1,890 740 1,145 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 2,005 870 1,130 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 14,255 6,385 7,870 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 8,860 4,225 4,640 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 20,405 9,225 11,180 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 132,035 63,140 68,895 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,075 1,585 1,495 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 4,425 2,125 2,305 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 1,000 445 555 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 4,425 2,090 2,335 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 2,405 1,225 1,185 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 1,360 620 745 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,515 650 860 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 16,575 8,505 8,070 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 1,640 755 885 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 26,005 12,115 13,885 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 21,195 10,285 10,910 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 3,685 1,745 1,940 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 2,660 1,180 1,475 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 2,520 1,275 1,250 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 4,985 2,275 2,715 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 21,405 9,910 11,495 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 13,155 6,375 6,780 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 40,840 19,970 20,865 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 300 155 145 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 10,065 5,135 4,925 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 1,020 470 550 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 3,380 1,545 1,835 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 445 215 225 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 6,280 3,150 3,135 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 1,260 505 755 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 1,690 775 910 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 16,400 8,020 8,380 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 419,545 205,090 214,460 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 5,160 2,520 2,635 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 4,380 2,140 2,240 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 26,270 12,085 14,185 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 8,225 3,835 4,390 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 181,395 90,345 91,050 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 3,510 1,815 1,695 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 10,815 5,465 5,350 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 720 250 465 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 4,710 2,200 2,505 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 3,860 2,040 1,820 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 55,225 28,045 27,180 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 43,165 18,765 24,395 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 21,315 10,590 10,725 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 3,730 1,880 1,850 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 2,130 950 1,175 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 15,470 7,245 8,225 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 29,480 14,905 14,580 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 1,705 755 945 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 94,105 45,510 48,590 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 10,245 4,995 5,250 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 210 85 125 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 845 420 425 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 290 105 180 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 150 85 70 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 3,005 1,585 1,425 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 460 205 255 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,885 935 955 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 410 200 210 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 2,980 1,380 1,600 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 4,600 2,135 2,465 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 100 45 55 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 125 65 60 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 110 60 55 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 20 10